Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2592
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Nazari Hossein - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To study intraocular pressure (IOP) alteration in healthy individuals following a rapid effortless increase in altitude from 1900 m above sea level (ASL) to 3740 m ASL. METHODS: Intraocular pressure, blood pressure, pulse rate, and arterial oxygen tension were determined in both eyes of healthy volunteers at the lower altitude. Participants ...
Wang Jen-Yu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cause-effect relationships between serum levels of uric acid (UA) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an adolescent-male cohort that was followed for 2.7 years. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled male adolescents aged between 10 and 15 years at the baseline. A total of 613 subjects were divided into ...
Haham Michal - - 2012
We have previously introduced the potential of casein micelles (CM) as natural nanovehicles for hydrophobic nutraceuticals, e.g. vitamin D (VD) (E. Semo, E. Kesselman, D. Danino and Y. D. Livney, Food Hydrocolloids, 2007, 21, 936-942). The aims of the current study were to improve performance by adding an ultra-high-pressure homogenization ...
Jin Yuyan - - 2012
Treatment decisions for hypertension using sphygmomanometer based measurements and the current clinical practice paradigm do not account for the timing of blood pressure (BP) measurement. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical implications of discordance between measured and true BP, to quantify BP misclassification rate at a typical clinical visit ...
Pei Juan - - 2012
Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an useful noninvasive tool to assess autonomic nervous system (ANS) function and may provide an insight into the understanding of the role of ANS in the pathogenesis of blood pressure (BP) abnormality in euvolemic continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...
Fan Xiao-Han - - 2012
An adenine insertion polymorphism in the 5' untranslated region of the endothelin-1 gene is functional and increases the expression of endothelin mRNA and protein in the insertion homozygote. In the present study we hypothesized that this functional polymorphism might be associated with hypertension and/or orthostatic hypotension. The adenine insertion polymorphism ...
Turner Barbara J - - 2012
Adopting features of the Chronic Care Model may reduce coronary heart disease risk and blood pressure in vulnerable populations. We evaluated a peer and practice team intervention on reduction in 4-year coronary heart disease risk and systolic blood pressure. A single blind, randomized, controlled trial in two adjacent urban university-affiliated ...
Carey Katherine M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the polypill for prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke and to present literature related to the polypill components (statin, aspirin, antihypertensive) for primary prevention of CVD and stroke.DATA SOURCES:A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE (1948-January 2011) and EMBASE (1974-January 2011) using ...
Demirel S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Impairment of baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) has been shown to be associated with blood pressure instability after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in postoperative BRS changes following eversion CEA (E-CEA) and conventional CEA (C-CEA). METHODS: Sixty-four patients undergoing E-CEA ...
Vathesatogkit Prin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Few data have linked socioeconomic status (SES) to incident hypertension, and little information on the relationship between SES and hypertension are available from developing countries. We thus investigated the long-term effects of SES on incident hypertension and changes in blood pressure in Thailand. METHODS:: In 1985, baseline data were ...
Renesme Laurent - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) remains a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in term newborns. Our objective was to compare two modes of high-frequency ventilation, high-frequency oscillation (HFOV), and high-frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) with conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in a piglet model of MAS. METHODS: Fifteen newborn piglets were ...
Reuther Lene Ørskov - - 2012
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (BP) is one of the most important risk factors for stroke, and antihypertensive therapy significantly reduces the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, achieving a regulated BP in hypertensive patients is still a challenge. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an intervention targeting GPs' management ...
Vilarinho Karlos Alexandre Souza - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on neonatal hearts is not well understood. The current hypothesis is that EPO has protective effects against ischaemia-reperfusion when administered prior to ischaemia induction. METHODS: Systolic and diastolic indices, as well as the Akt and extracellular-regulated kinase (Erk) signalling pathways, were studied in vivo ...
Khalil Asma - - 2012
Objective: Women who develop preeclampsia are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke in the subsequent decades. Individuals with cardiovascular disorders have increased central aortic systolic blood pressure and arterial stiffness, as assessed by pulse wave velocity and augmentation index. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Boesby Lene - - 2012
Background. Arterial stiffness contributes to the increased cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Reproducible and easily obtainable indices of arterial stiffness are needed in order to monitor therapeutic strategies. The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) has been proposed as such a marker. The present study investigated the ...
Hof Janny R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Deviant middle ear pressure has a negative effect on the forward and backward transmission of stimulus and emissions through the middle ear. Resolving this deviant middle ear pressure is expected to lead to better middle ear transmission and, as a result of this, stronger otoacoustic emissions, which are better ...
Yoon Hyun Ju - - 2012
Although the white-coat effect (WCE) is not rare, its detection is often difficult in treated hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was to elucidate the factors that affect and predict the WCE in treated hypertensive patients in Korea. A total of 1087 outpatients (mean age: 57 ± 10 y; ...
Pedersen Torben B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lung sealants are often used to prevent alveolar air leaks after lung resection surgery. Some sealants have shown to be effective in clinical studies, but extensive comparative evaluation has not yet been conducted. We aimed to evaluate different sealant burst pressures in an ex vivo model mimicking air leakage ...
Kawabe Hiroshi - - 2012
The number of home blood pressure (BP) measurements on one occasion has continued to be discussed. Therefore, we evaluated the variability of the first and second measurements on one occasion. The subjects except hypertensive patients (393 males, 212 females; mean age 38.7 y) were recruited from one company. Home blood ...
Kylhammar D - - 2012
AIM: Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) causes pulmonary hypertension that may lead to right heart failure. We hypothesized that the COX-2 inhibitor nimesulide and the thromboxane A (2) receptor antagonist daltroban would attenuate HPV. METHODS: Haemodynamic measurements and blood sampling were performed in 18 anaesthetized, mechanically ventilated pigs, with mean ± SEM weights ...
Montaniel Kim Ramil C - - 2012
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are abundant matrix and membrane molecules. Smooth muscle specific deletion of one heparan sulfate biosynthetic enzyme, N-deacetylase-N-sulfotransferase1 leads to decreased vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, and vascular wall thickness. We hypothesized that this may lead to changes in blood pressure in conscious mice. Blood pressure was measured ...
Mohiuddin Mohammad W - - 2012
The mechanism of the well-documented increase in aortic pulse pressure (PP) with age is disputed. Investigators assuming a classical windkessel model believe that increases in PP arise from decreases in total arterial compliance (C(tot)) and increases in total peripheral resistance (R(tot)) with age. Investigators assuming a more sophisticated pulse transmission ...
Owens Robert L - - 2012
Esophageal pressure (P(Es)) can be used to approximate pleural pressure (P(pl)) and might be clinically useful, particularly in the obese e.g., to guide mechanical ventilator settings in critical illness. However, mediastinal artifact (the difference between true P(pl) and P(Es)) may limit acceptance of the measurement, and reproducibility of P(Es) measurements ...
Arramreddy Rohini R Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, - - 2012
Recent studies have focused on the association between dialysate sodium (Na(+)) prescriptions and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG). We report on a case series of 13 patients undergoing conventional, thrice-weekly in-center hemodialysis with an individualized dialysate Na(+) prescription. Individualized dialysate Na(+) was achieved in all patients through a stepwise weekly reduction ...
van Dijk Suzanne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: the human body composition changes with advances in age. Particularly, the central fat amount increases. Because the central fat mass is a cardiovascular risk factor, we investigated whether in an elderly population, fat mass (measured at different bodily locations) is associated with peripheral and central blood pressure components. METHODS: ...
Conway Miriam - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a condition often associated with facial cutaneous angioma, vascular malformations in the brain, and ocular anomalies such as glaucoma. Reduced cerebral blood flow and ischemia have been well documented. Less is known about ocular blood flow despite the frequent associations between altered hemodynamics and the ...
Chapman David G - - 2012
Baseline ventilation heterogeneity is associated with airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthma; however, it is unknown whether increased baseline ventilation heterogeneity leads to AHR or both are independent effects of similar disease pathophysiology. Reducing functional residual capacity (FRC) in healthy subjects increases baseline ventilation heterogeneity and airway responsiveness, but the relationship ...
Krittian Sebastian B S SB Oxford University Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, - - 2012
The evaluation of cardiovascular velocities, their changes through the cardiac cycle and the consequent pressure gradients has the capacity to improve understanding of subject-specific blood flow in relation to adjacent soft tissue movements. Magnetic resonance time-resolved 3D phase contrast velocity acquisitions (4D flow) represent an emerging technology capable of measuring ...
BurdziƄska Anna - - 2012
Objectives:  To describe a novel animal model of intrinsic sphincter deficiency. Methods:  The study was carried out on 10 female pigs. Injury to the urethral sphincter was induced by distension of the urethra. This was obtained by using the balloon of an 18-F Dufour catheter for 5 min followed by its ...
Murakami Motohiko - - 2012
The determination of the chemical composition of Earth's lower mantle is a long-standing challenge in earth science. Accurate knowledge of sound velocities in the lower-mantle minerals under relevant high-pressure, high-temperature conditions is essential in constraining the mineralogy and chemical composition using seismological observations, but previous acoustic measurements were limited to ...
Aletti Federico - - 2012
Mild lower body negative pressure (LBNP) has been utilized to selectively unload cardiopulmonary baroreceptors, but there is evidence that arterial baroreceptors can be transiently unloaded after the onset of mild LBNP. In this paper, a black box mathematical model for the prediction of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) variability from multiple ...
Visweswaran Gautam K - - 2012
Cardiac tamponade represents a medical emergency necessitating emergent pericardiocentesis. Use of two-dimensional echocardiography (ECHO) has improved the safety of pericardiocentesis, but procedural challenges may occur when performed in an emergent manner outside of the catheterization laboratory without availability of fluoroscopy and readily available pressure transducers. The most problematic situation is ...
Ellinger Sabine - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Four meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on the classical random-effects model showed that cocoa consumption can reduce systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Because epicatechin is suggested to be responsible for the treatment effect, changes in blood pressure should depend on the dose of ...
Takeda Yoshimasa - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Pharyngeal cooling decreases brain temperature by cooling carotid arteries. This study was designed to evaluate the principle of pharyngeal cooling in monkeys and humans. METHODS:: Monkeys (n = 10) were resuscitated following 12 min of cardiac arrest. Pharyngeal cooling (n = 5), in which cold saline (5°C) was perfused ...
Soong Wen-Jue WJ Department of Pediatrics, Children's Medical Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of a simple and novel cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) technique, nasopharyngeal oxygen with intermittent nose-close and abdomen-compression (NPO(2) -NC-AC) in an animal model. Prospective piglet study. In an animal physiology laboratory of a medical university. PIGLETS: Six healthy piglets <14 days old. Spontaneous breathing of the anesthetized ...
Henao-Guerrero Natalia - - 2012
Objective-To identify ventilatory protocols that yielded good image quality for thoracic CT and hemodynamic stability in cats. Animals-7 healthy cats. Procedures-Cats were anesthetized and ventilated via 4 randomized protocols (hyperventilation, 20 seconds [protocol 1]; single deep inspiration, positive inspiratory pressure of 15 cm H(2)O [protocol 2]; recruitment maneuver [protocol 3]; ...
Tescher Ann N - - 2012
To improve identification of risk factors for pressure ulcer development and enhance targeted interventions and prevention strategies. The records of 12,566 adult patients hospitalized in intensive or progressive care units within Mayo Clinic were analyzed. Inclusion criteria were Braden Scale of 18 or less during the hospitalization; exclusion criteria were ...
Rosholm Jens-Ulrik - - 2012
Background. Auscultatory measurement using a sphygmomanometer has been the predominant method for clinical estimation of blood pressure, but it is now rapidly being replaced by oscillometric measurement. Objective. To compare blood pressure by auscultatory and oscillometric measurements in patients ≥ 80 years. Method. 100 patients had blood pressure measured by auscultation ...
Loerakker Sandra - - 2012
Deep pressure ulcers represent a major problem for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), with the initial damage often hidden underneath intact skin. Accordingly, early detection is difficult and treatment is problematic. In the present study, circulatory levels of biomarkers for muscle damage were investigated to explore their potential in ...
Lovati C - - 2012
Following an allostatic perspective, episodic migraine (M) may be considered as an adaptive behavioural response to endogenous or exogenous stressors, while its progression to a daily or nearly daily form (chronic migraine) may represent the failure of adaptive strategies. Multiple factors may enhance the progression/chronification of M, and among these ...
Villamarin Adan - - 2012
The purpose of our study is to develop and validate a methodology to measure the compliance of the vascular network in the eye using biomechanical parameters, namely arterial pressure, intraocular pressure (IOP), and ocular compliance of the eyeball (OC). In vitro experiments were conducted on 6 freshly enucleated rabbit eyes. ...
Tateiwa Naoyuki - - 2012
A miniature ceramic anvil high pressure cell (mCAC) was earlier designed by us for magnetic measurements at pressures up to 7.6 GPa in a commercial superconducting quantum interference magnetometer [N. Tateiwa et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 053906 (2011)]. Here, we describe methods to generate pressures above 10 GPa in ...
Arany-Tóth Attila - - 2012
Subarachnoid pressure recordings were made during atlanto-occipital myelography in 45 dogs with clinical signs of spinal disease. Iohexol was injected at a dosage of 0.3 ml/kg body weight and simultaneous pressure values were recorded in the cerebellomedullary cistern. The mean subarachnoid pressure was 9 ± 3 mmHg before and 70 ...
Chung Kevin K - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Early detection and management of shock is important in optimizing clinical outcomes. One regional marker, sublingual capnography (SLCO2), is particularly appealing as redistribution of blood flow away from the sublingual mucosa can happen very early in the compensatory phase of hypovolemic shock. Our objective was to test the hypothesis ...
Davydov Dmitry M - - 2012
Previous studies are inconclusive with regard to the relationship between variations in blood pressure (BP) and affect. In the present study we evaluated the hypothesis that inconsistencies in previous findings may be attributed to the moderating role of variations in psychological or physical conditions during BP measurement. Change in depressive ...
Cipollini Franco - - 2012
Much evidence suggests sexual dimorphism in the relationship linking blood pressure (BP) to both left ventricular mass (LVM) and geometry in hypertension. To better evaluate gender-associated characteristics in the relation BP-LVM among newly diagnosed hypertension (24-h average ambulatory BP monitoring, ABPM, > 125/80 mmHg), we measured indexed LVM and relative wall ...
Cecconi M - - 2012
In this study we quantify the ability of dynamic cardiovascular parameters measured by the PulseCOTM algorithm of the LiDCO™plus monitor to predict the response to a fluid challenge in post-operative patients. Surgical patients, admitted to the Intensive Care Unit from the operating theatre were monitored with the LiDCO™plus system. A ...
Grözinger Gerd - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We investigated in a porcine model of anhepatic acute liver failure (ALF), the value of two parameters describing cerebrovascular autoregulatory capacity, pressure reactivity index (PRx) and brain tissue oxygen pressure reactivity (ORx), regarding their power to predict the development of intracranial hypertension. METHODS: In six pigs, hepatectomy was performed. ...
Sancini Angela - - 2012
: To verify whether the occupational hazards in the rotogravure industry can be associated with cardiovascular effects. : We evaluated cardiovascular parameters and audiometric tests and analyzed noise, solvents, and shift work in 44 exposed and 44 unexposed workers. : Unlike unexposed workers, the rotogravure workers showed significant increase of ...
Bejan-Angoulvant Theodora - - 2012
Objective. To identify markers (phenotypic, genetic, or environmental) of blood pressure (BP) response profiles to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and diuretics. Methods. IDEAL was a crossover (two active and two wash out phases), double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Eligible patients were untreated hypertensive, aged 25 to 70. After two visits, patients ...
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