Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2605
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Yin Rui-Xing - - 2012
BackgroundSex differences in hypertension are not well known. The present study was undertaken to detect the association of nine lipid-related gene polymorphisms and blood pressure variation beween men and women in the Bai Ku Yao population.MethodsGenotyping of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA-1) V825I, acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1) rs1044925, low-density lipoprotein receptor ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2012
BackgroundThe relationship between high nocturnal blood pressure (BP), organ damage and the dipping/nondipping status is poorly defined. We investigated whether a consistent dipping/nondipping pattern defined on the basis of two 24-h ambulatory BP monitorings (ABPMs) is associated with subclinical organ damage in untreated hypertensive patients with elevated nighttime BP.MethodsAll subjects ...
Vigen Rebecca - - 2012
BackgroundMedication adherence and treatment intensification have been advocated as performance measures to assess the quality of care provided. Whereas previous studies have shown that adherence and treatment intensification (TI) of antihypertensive medications is associated with blood pressure (BP) control at the patient level, less is known about whether adherence and ...
Paglieri Cristina - - 2012
This study tested the association between cognitive functions, cerebrovascular damage, and cerebrovascular reactivity in 71 essential young hypertensives (age matched) and 22 normotensives (age matched). They underwent ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, neurocognitive tests, cerebral magnetic resonance, and transcranial Doppler. Twenty-three percent of patients showed more than 10 white matter lesions ...
Cicero A F G - - 2012
Our aim was to evaluate the predictors of Isoleucine-Proline-Proline/Valine-Proline-Proline (IPP-VPP) lactotripeptides (LTPs) antihypertensive effect in the context of a short-term large double-blind randomized clinical trial involving 164 pharmacologically untreated subjects in primary prevention for cardiovascular disease. When compared with the baseline, office systolic blood pressure (SBP) (-3.42 mm Hg, P ...
Cao Xia - - 2012
Mean platelet volume (MPV), an indicator of platelet activation, has been shown to be elevated in patients with hypertension. However, data available on the association between MPV level and prehypertension are limited. Prehypertension is also associated with an increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A cross-sectional study was performed among ...
Ahmad Hasan A - - 2012
Right heart failure from right ventricular (RV) pressure overload is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, but its mechanism is incompletely understood. We tested the hypothesis that right heart failure during 4 hours of RV pressure overload is associated with alterations of the focal adhesion protein talin, and that ...
Bell Emmy K - - 2012
Few studies have compared different blood pressure (BP) indexes for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk among individuals with chronic kidney disease. We examined the relationship between systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) and ESRD risk among 2,772 participants with an estimated glomerular ...
Wemmelund K B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although pleural effusion is a common complication in critically ill patients, detailed knowledge is missing about the haemodynamic impact and the underlining mechanisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the haemodynamic effect of incremental pleural effusion by means of invasive haemodynamic parameters and transthoracic echocardiography. METHODS: This ...
Bertera Facundo Martín - - 2012
Cardiovascular effects and pharmacokinetics of nebivolol were assessed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) animals. Male SH and WKY rats were treated with vehicle or nebivolol 0.3, 3, or 10 mg kg(-1) (i.v.) and effects on blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and blood pressure variability (BPV) were recorded. Plasma ...
Nazari Hossein - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To study intraocular pressure (IOP) alteration in healthy individuals following a rapid effortless increase in altitude from 1900 m above sea level (ASL) to 3740 m ASL. METHODS: Intraocular pressure, blood pressure, pulse rate, and arterial oxygen tension were determined in both eyes of healthy volunteers at the lower altitude. Participants ...
Wang Jen-Yu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cause-effect relationships between serum levels of uric acid (UA) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an adolescent-male cohort that was followed for 2.7 years. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled male adolescents aged between 10 and 15 years at the baseline. A total of 613 subjects were divided into ...
Haham Michal - - 2012
We have previously introduced the potential of casein micelles (CM) as natural nanovehicles for hydrophobic nutraceuticals, e.g. vitamin D (VD) (E. Semo, E. Kesselman, D. Danino and Y. D. Livney, Food Hydrocolloids, 2007, 21, 936-942). The aims of the current study were to improve performance by adding an ultra-high-pressure homogenization ...
Jin Yuyan - - 2012
Treatment decisions for hypertension using sphygmomanometer based measurements and the current clinical practice paradigm do not account for the timing of blood pressure (BP) measurement. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical implications of discordance between measured and true BP, to quantify BP misclassification rate at a typical clinical visit ...
Pei Juan - - 2012
Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an useful noninvasive tool to assess autonomic nervous system (ANS) function and may provide an insight into the understanding of the role of ANS in the pathogenesis of blood pressure (BP) abnormality in euvolemic continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Methods: In this cross-sectional ...
Fan Xiao-Han - - 2012
An adenine insertion polymorphism in the 5' untranslated region of the endothelin-1 gene is functional and increases the expression of endothelin mRNA and protein in the insertion homozygote. In the present study we hypothesized that this functional polymorphism might be associated with hypertension and/or orthostatic hypotension. The adenine insertion polymorphism ...
Turner Barbara J - - 2012
Adopting features of the Chronic Care Model may reduce coronary heart disease risk and blood pressure in vulnerable populations. We evaluated a peer and practice team intervention on reduction in 4-year coronary heart disease risk and systolic blood pressure. A single blind, randomized, controlled trial in two adjacent urban university-affiliated ...
Carey Katherine M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the polypill for prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke and to present literature related to the polypill components (statin, aspirin, antihypertensive) for primary prevention of CVD and stroke.DATA SOURCES:A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE (1948-January 2011) and EMBASE (1974-January 2011) using ...
Demirel S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Impairment of baroreceptor sensitivity (BRS) has been shown to be associated with blood pressure instability after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in postoperative BRS changes following eversion CEA (E-CEA) and conventional CEA (C-CEA). METHODS: Sixty-four patients undergoing E-CEA ...
Vathesatogkit Prin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Few data have linked socioeconomic status (SES) to incident hypertension, and little information on the relationship between SES and hypertension are available from developing countries. We thus investigated the long-term effects of SES on incident hypertension and changes in blood pressure in Thailand. METHODS:: In 1985, baseline data were ...
Renesme Laurent - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) remains a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in term newborns. Our objective was to compare two modes of high-frequency ventilation, high-frequency oscillation (HFOV), and high-frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) with conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in a piglet model of MAS. METHODS: Fifteen newborn piglets were ...
Reuther Lene Ørskov - - 2012
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (BP) is one of the most important risk factors for stroke, and antihypertensive therapy significantly reduces the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, achieving a regulated BP in hypertensive patients is still a challenge. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an intervention targeting GPs' management ...
Vilarinho Karlos Alexandre Souza - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on neonatal hearts is not well understood. The current hypothesis is that EPO has protective effects against ischaemia-reperfusion when administered prior to ischaemia induction. METHODS: Systolic and diastolic indices, as well as the Akt and extracellular-regulated kinase (Erk) signalling pathways, were studied in vivo ...
Khalil Asma - - 2012
Objective: Women who develop preeclampsia are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke in the subsequent decades. Individuals with cardiovascular disorders have increased central aortic systolic blood pressure and arterial stiffness, as assessed by pulse wave velocity and augmentation index. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Boesby Lene - - 2012
Background. Arterial stiffness contributes to the increased cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Reproducible and easily obtainable indices of arterial stiffness are needed in order to monitor therapeutic strategies. The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) has been proposed as such a marker. The present study investigated the ...
Hof Janny R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Deviant middle ear pressure has a negative effect on the forward and backward transmission of stimulus and emissions through the middle ear. Resolving this deviant middle ear pressure is expected to lead to better middle ear transmission and, as a result of this, stronger otoacoustic emissions, which are better ...
Yoon Hyun Ju - - 2012
Although the white-coat effect (WCE) is not rare, its detection is often difficult in treated hypertensive patients. The aim of this study was to elucidate the factors that affect and predict the WCE in treated hypertensive patients in Korea. A total of 1087 outpatients (mean age: 57 ± 10 y; ...
Pedersen Torben B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lung sealants are often used to prevent alveolar air leaks after lung resection surgery. Some sealants have shown to be effective in clinical studies, but extensive comparative evaluation has not yet been conducted. We aimed to evaluate different sealant burst pressures in an ex vivo model mimicking air leakage ...
Kawabe Hiroshi - - 2012
The number of home blood pressure (BP) measurements on one occasion has continued to be discussed. Therefore, we evaluated the variability of the first and second measurements on one occasion. The subjects except hypertensive patients (393 males, 212 females; mean age 38.7 y) were recruited from one company. Home blood ...
Kylhammar D - - 2012
AIM: Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) causes pulmonary hypertension that may lead to right heart failure. We hypothesized that the COX-2 inhibitor nimesulide and the thromboxane A (2) receptor antagonist daltroban would attenuate HPV. METHODS: Haemodynamic measurements and blood sampling were performed in 18 anaesthetized, mechanically ventilated pigs, with mean ± SEM weights ...
Montaniel Kim Ramil C - - 2012
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are abundant matrix and membrane molecules. Smooth muscle specific deletion of one heparan sulfate biosynthetic enzyme, N-deacetylase-N-sulfotransferase1 leads to decreased vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, and vascular wall thickness. We hypothesized that this may lead to changes in blood pressure in conscious mice. Blood pressure was measured ...
Mohiuddin Mohammad W - - 2012
The mechanism of the well-documented increase in aortic pulse pressure (PP) with age is disputed. Investigators assuming a classical windkessel model believe that increases in PP arise from decreases in total arterial compliance (C(tot)) and increases in total peripheral resistance (R(tot)) with age. Investigators assuming a more sophisticated pulse transmission ...
Owens Robert L - - 2012
Esophageal pressure (P(Es)) can be used to approximate pleural pressure (P(pl)) and might be clinically useful, particularly in the obese e.g., to guide mechanical ventilator settings in critical illness. However, mediastinal artifact (the difference between true P(pl) and P(Es)) may limit acceptance of the measurement, and reproducibility of P(Es) measurements ...
Arramreddy Rohini R Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, - - 2012
Recent studies have focused on the association between dialysate sodium (Na(+)) prescriptions and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG). We report on a case series of 13 patients undergoing conventional, thrice-weekly in-center hemodialysis with an individualized dialysate Na(+) prescription. Individualized dialysate Na(+) was achieved in all patients through a stepwise weekly reduction ...
van Dijk Suzanne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: the human body composition changes with advances in age. Particularly, the central fat amount increases. Because the central fat mass is a cardiovascular risk factor, we investigated whether in an elderly population, fat mass (measured at different bodily locations) is associated with peripheral and central blood pressure components. METHODS: ...
Conway Miriam - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a condition often associated with facial cutaneous angioma, vascular malformations in the brain, and ocular anomalies such as glaucoma. Reduced cerebral blood flow and ischemia have been well documented. Less is known about ocular blood flow despite the frequent associations between altered hemodynamics and the ...
Chapman David G - - 2012
Baseline ventilation heterogeneity is associated with airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthma; however, it is unknown whether increased baseline ventilation heterogeneity leads to AHR or both are independent effects of similar disease pathophysiology. Reducing functional residual capacity (FRC) in healthy subjects increases baseline ventilation heterogeneity and airway responsiveness, but the relationship ...
Krittian Sebastian B S SB Oxford University Computing Laboratory, University of Oxford, - - 2012
The evaluation of cardiovascular velocities, their changes through the cardiac cycle and the consequent pressure gradients has the capacity to improve understanding of subject-specific blood flow in relation to adjacent soft tissue movements. Magnetic resonance time-resolved 3D phase contrast velocity acquisitions (4D flow) represent an emerging technology capable of measuring ...
BurdziƄska Anna - - 2012
Objectives:  To describe a novel animal model of intrinsic sphincter deficiency. Methods:  The study was carried out on 10 female pigs. Injury to the urethral sphincter was induced by distension of the urethra. This was obtained by using the balloon of an 18-F Dufour catheter for 5 min followed by its ...
Murakami Motohiko - - 2012
The determination of the chemical composition of Earth's lower mantle is a long-standing challenge in earth science. Accurate knowledge of sound velocities in the lower-mantle minerals under relevant high-pressure, high-temperature conditions is essential in constraining the mineralogy and chemical composition using seismological observations, but previous acoustic measurements were limited to ...
Aletti Federico - - 2012
Mild lower body negative pressure (LBNP) has been utilized to selectively unload cardiopulmonary baroreceptors, but there is evidence that arterial baroreceptors can be transiently unloaded after the onset of mild LBNP. In this paper, a black box mathematical model for the prediction of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) variability from multiple ...
Visweswaran Gautam K - - 2012
Cardiac tamponade represents a medical emergency necessitating emergent pericardiocentesis. Use of two-dimensional echocardiography (ECHO) has improved the safety of pericardiocentesis, but procedural challenges may occur when performed in an emergent manner outside of the catheterization laboratory without availability of fluoroscopy and readily available pressure transducers. The most problematic situation is ...
Ellinger Sabine - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Four meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on the classical random-effects model showed that cocoa consumption can reduce systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Because epicatechin is suggested to be responsible for the treatment effect, changes in blood pressure should depend on the dose of ...
Takeda Yoshimasa - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Pharyngeal cooling decreases brain temperature by cooling carotid arteries. This study was designed to evaluate the principle of pharyngeal cooling in monkeys and humans. METHODS:: Monkeys (n = 10) were resuscitated following 12 min of cardiac arrest. Pharyngeal cooling (n = 5), in which cold saline (5°C) was perfused ...
Soong Wen-Jue WJ Department of Pediatrics, Children's Medical Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of a simple and novel cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) technique, nasopharyngeal oxygen with intermittent nose-close and abdomen-compression (NPO(2) -NC-AC) in an animal model. Prospective piglet study. In an animal physiology laboratory of a medical university. PIGLETS: Six healthy piglets <14 days old. Spontaneous breathing of the anesthetized ...
Henao-Guerrero Natalia - - 2012
Objective-To identify ventilatory protocols that yielded good image quality for thoracic CT and hemodynamic stability in cats. Animals-7 healthy cats. Procedures-Cats were anesthetized and ventilated via 4 randomized protocols (hyperventilation, 20 seconds [protocol 1]; single deep inspiration, positive inspiratory pressure of 15 cm H(2)O [protocol 2]; recruitment maneuver [protocol 3]; ...
Tescher Ann N - - 2012
To improve identification of risk factors for pressure ulcer development and enhance targeted interventions and prevention strategies. The records of 12,566 adult patients hospitalized in intensive or progressive care units within Mayo Clinic were analyzed. Inclusion criteria were Braden Scale of 18 or less during the hospitalization; exclusion criteria were ...
Rosholm Jens-Ulrik - - 2012
Background. Auscultatory measurement using a sphygmomanometer has been the predominant method for clinical estimation of blood pressure, but it is now rapidly being replaced by oscillometric measurement. Objective. To compare blood pressure by auscultatory and oscillometric measurements in patients ≥ 80 years. Method. 100 patients had blood pressure measured by auscultation ...
Loerakker Sandra - - 2012
Deep pressure ulcers represent a major problem for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), with the initial damage often hidden underneath intact skin. Accordingly, early detection is difficult and treatment is problematic. In the present study, circulatory levels of biomarkers for muscle damage were investigated to explore their potential in ...
Lovati C - - 2012
Following an allostatic perspective, episodic migraine (M) may be considered as an adaptive behavioural response to endogenous or exogenous stressors, while its progression to a daily or nearly daily form (chronic migraine) may represent the failure of adaptive strategies. Multiple factors may enhance the progression/chronification of M, and among these ...
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