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Schipke Jochen D - - 2012
Dear Editor, We agree with Dr Walker's concerns about risks associated with breath-hold diving, voiced after Professor Schagatay's first review in 2009 in this journal.1,2 We thank Professor Schagatay for her very thorough reviews, but only agree in part with her view that reporting increases safety, as breath-hold deep diving ...
Chen Guo - - 2012
To evaluate the validity of cardiac output (CO) measurements obtained using the Nexfin device in comparison to those obtained with the esophageal Doppler in steady-state conditions and after phenylephrine administration. Prospective observational study. Operating room of a North American academic medical center. 25 ASA physical status 1, 2, and 3 ...
Kabalin Milena - - 2012
The aim of this research was to investigate the prevalence of obesity and high blood pressure and to prove which of three anthropometric indicators of obesity - waist circumference, body mass index (BMI) waist-to-hip ratio - is better predictor for the development of hypertension in women population of the island ...
Thiering Elisabeth - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: Rapid growth velocity in early life may be a risk factor for obesity, elevated blood pressure, and adverse metabolic markers in childhood, but results are not consistent. We analysed the association between peak growth velocity during the first 2 years of life and blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin ...
Yang Yan-Ling - - 2012
Aims: Stroke is a major cause of disability and death worldwide. Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for stroke. The objective of this work was to study the synergic effects of levamlodipine and bisoprolol on blood pressure reduction and organ protection in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Methods: ...
Fischer Mary E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Standard clinical advice for the prevention and treatment of hypertension includes limitation of salt intake. Previous studies of the association between perception of salt taste and hypertension prevalence have not reported consistent results and have usually been conducted in small study populations. PURPOSE: To determine the cross-sectional relationship between ...
Yusa Hitoshi - - 2012
High-pressure structural phase transitions in NaNiF(3) and NaCoF(3) were investigated by conducting in situ synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction experiments using a diamond anvil cell. The perovskite phases (GdFeO(3) type) started to transform into postperovskite phases (CaIrO(3) type) at about 11-14 GPa, even at room temperature. The transition pressure is much ...
Oura Trisha - - 2012
To determine if low tidal volume (V(T) ) ventilation is associated with the development of respiratory acidosis and changes in lung function in healthy dogs. Randomized prospective experimental cross-over study. Pulmonary function laboratory at a university teaching hospital. Five healthy Beagle dogs. Dogs were anesthetized and randomly mechanically ventilated with ...
Brorson Håkan - - 2012
Abstract The use of compression garments in treating lymphedema following treatment of genital (penis, testes, uterus, cervical) and breast cancer treatment is a well-established practice. Although compression garments are classified in compression classes, little is known about the actual subgarment pressure exerted along the extremity. The aims of this study ...
Molloy Bonnie - - 2012
There is increasing interest in monitoring intraocular pressure (IOP) during surgery in steep Trendelenburg position because of reported incidents of postoperative visual loss (POVL). A review of 17 patients with POVLs showed findings of eyelid edema, chemosis, and ecchymosis. The aim of this study was to link IOP tonometry measurement ...
Lee Juyoung - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA), a new method of mechanical ventilation that delivers pressure assistance that is proportional to the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi), could lower the inspiratory pressure and respiratory muscle load in preterm infants supported with ventilators. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-six mechanically ventilated ...
Chang Sung-A - - 2012
Aortic stenosis (AS) is increasingly diagnosed in current aging society. Echocardiography is the most important tool in the assessment of AS and its severity. However, load-dependency of Doppler measurement could affect the accuracy of AS severity assessment. We tried to evaluate the impact of afterload on the assessment of AS ...
Moon Bo-Eun - - 2012
The cuff of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is preferred to be partially inflated before insertion in pediatric cases. However, it is not known how much inflation is appropriate. In addition, intra-cuff pressure is not routinely monitored in many institutions despite the fact that a neglected high cuff pressure could ...
Lindblad Ulf - - 2012
To describe the prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension in a Swedish population during the early 2000s to address implications for care and prevention. A cross-sectional population survey. Primary health care in Skaraborg, a rural part of western Sweden. Participants (n =2816) in a population survey of a random sample ...
Adeoye A M - - 2012
Some studies have suggested that diastolic dysfunction precedes the clinical manifestation of hypertension. Whether changes in cardiac structure and function predate the clinical manifestation of hypertension later in life is now being investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the differences in cardiac structure and function between the ...
Punzi Henry A - - 2012
A predefined exploratory analysis of a prospective, randomized, double-blind, forced-titration study of olmesartan medoxomil (OM) versus losartan potassium (LOS) in subjects with hypertension not previously or previously treated with antihypertensive medication is reported. The study included a 3-4-week placebo run-in and an 8-week active treatment period: OM (weeks 1-4, OM ...
Kurita Tadayoshi - - 2012
The bispectral index for measurement of anesthetic depth may be modified by extreme hypotension during hemorrhagic shock. In this study, the influence of progressive hemorrhage and subsequent cardiopulmonary resuscitation on the bispectral index was investigated under controlled anesthetic depth. Fifteen swine were anesthetized through inhalation of isoflurane under bispectral index ...
Breaux-Shropshire Tonya L - - 2012
Despite the availability of effective medications, hypertension remains inadequately managed in the United States. It has been established that medication adherence is a major strategy for controlling blood pressure. Combined interventions to promote adherence are promising, but further research is needed to understand which behaviors to target. The frequency of ...
Sessler Daniel I DI Department of OUTCOMES RESEARCH, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. - - 2012
Low mean arterial pressure (MAP) and deep hypnosis have been associated with complications and mortality. The normal response to high minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) fraction of anesthetics is hypotension and low Bispectral Index (BIS) scores. Low MAP and/or BIS at lower MAC fractions may represent anesthetic sensitivity. The authors sought ...
Wignall Jamie R JR Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London, London, NW1 0TU, England. - - 2012
To evaluate effects of the arytenoid lateralization technique and suture tension on airway pressure in the canine larynx. 7 canine cadaver larynges. Negative pressure was elicited aboral to the larynx. Airway pressure was measured at airflows of 15 to 120 L/min before and after thyroarytenoid lateralization (TAL), cricoarytenoid lateralization (CAL), ...
Ishikawa Joji J Center for Behavioral Cardiovascular Health, Division of General Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA. - - 2012
We evaluated the agreement between office blood pressure (OBP) measured by a mercury sphygmomanometer (Sphyg) and an automatic (Auto) device without any observers, and compared Auto and Sphyg OBP with ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and home blood pressure (HBP). OBP was measured in 75 hypertensive patients at two sites using ...
Zang Xiao-Ying - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  To explore which sociodemographic and clinical factors could interfere in the parameters of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and determine the affecting factors of Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index. Background.  Although the clinical relevance of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index have been studied, the explanation ...
Levy Phillip - - 2012
We examine the point prevalence of subclinical hypertensive heart disease in a cohort of urban emergency department (ED) patients with elevated blood pressure. A convenience sample of hypertensive (blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mm Hg on 2 measurements) patients aged 35 years or older with no history of cardiac or renal ...
Sirjean Baptiste - - 2012
The thermal decomposition of 5-methyl-2-furanylmethyl radical (R1), the most important primary radical formed during the combustion and thermal decomposition of 2,5-dimethylfuran (a promising next-generation biofuel), was studied using CBS-QB3 calculations and master equation(ME)/RRKM modeling. Since very few information is available in the literature, the detailed potential energy surface (PES) was ...
Min Jin-Young - - 2012
To investigate the association between serum perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) concentration and cardiovascular disease, as measured by homocysteine level and blood pressure in a representative sample of US adults. A cross-sectional study of 2934 adults (≥20 years) who participated in the 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and ...
Nyman Görel - - 2012
Objective  The study aimed to investigate the effect of varying pulse lengths of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO), and 2.5 hours of continuous pulse-delivered iNO on pulmonary gas exchange in anaesthetized horses. Study Design  Experimental study. Animals  Six Standardbred horses. Methods  Horses received acepromazine, detomidine, guaifenesin, thiopentone and isoflurane in oxygen, were ...
Chen Yuan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Left atrial (LA) enlargement has been documented to occur in hypertension (HT), and has been an index for evaluating the diastolic function of the left ventricle. Enlargement of the LA is one of the vital factors that induce heart failure and atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with HT. METHODS ...
Almoustadi Waiel A - - 2012
Brain death (BD) causes cardiac dysfunction in organ donors, attributable to the catecholamine storm that occurs with raised intracerebral pressure (ICP). However the direct contribution of the spinal sympathetics has not been well described. We examined the effect of total spinal anesthesia (TSA) on cardiac function in a large animal ...
Hubeaux K - - 2012
To study the role of women's position as a stimulus of urgency, and specifically the change of position, i.e. to stand up form a lying or sitting position. Thus, we compared clinical and urodynamics characteristics among women with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) depending of the position which could trigger urgency. ...
Schutte R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification is believed to be due to the conversion of vascular smooth muscle cells into osteoblast-like cells and is associated with mortality. Since hypertension and related mortality in Africans is a concern, we investigated associations between a marker of osteoblastic activity, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and measures of arterial ...
Son Jung Tae - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  The purpose of this study was to identify changes in blood pressure and pulse rate after a meal for elders living in a nursing home. Background.  Postprandial hypotension is a major health issue for older persons, because it has been shown to cause increased incidence of falls, ...
Dzudie Anastase - - 2012
Aims  To investigate whether brachial blood pressure (BP) variables [systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) BP, pulse (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP)] are similar determinants of prevalent electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in sub-Saharan Africans with type 2 diabetes. Methods  The study included 420 individuals (49% men) with type 2 diabetes ...
Muciaccia Barbara - - 2012
BACKGROUNDClusterin, a heterodimeric glycoprotein found at several sites in the human male reproductive tract, could be a marker of morphologically abnormal spermatozoa, while TUNEL positivity indicates DNA fragmentation. Metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus and obesity may compromise sperm quality and fertility of men; however, little evidence specifically links hypertension ...
Budohoski Karol P - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Cerebrovascular pressure reactivity is the principal mechanism of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow. Assessment of cerebral autoregulation can be performed using the mean flow index (Mx) based on transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography. Pressure reactivity can be monitored using the pressure reactivity index (PRx), which is based on intracranial pressure ...
Yang Tsan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about serum uric acid (SUA) role for hypertension in the Asian countries with low cardiovascular events. We aimed to explore the relationship in a comprehensive Chinese cohort. METHODS: Participants in the Taiwanese Survey on Prevalences of Hypertension, Hyperglycemia, and Hyperlipidemia (TwSHHH) who were free of hypertension ...
Terefe Netsanet Shiferaw - - 2012
The thermal and the combined high pressure-thermal inactivation kinetics of almond β-glucosidase (β-D: -glucoside glucohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.21) were investigated at pressures from 0.1 to 600 MPa and temperatures ranging from 30 to 80 °C. Thermal treatments at temperatures higher than 50 °C resulted in significant inactivation with complete inactivation after 2 min of treatment ...
Huber-van der Velden Klaudia Karola - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate the effect of intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction by oculopression and topical dorzolamide on retrobulbar hemodynamics. Methods: Sixty patients (70 ± 8.5) solely with cataract diagnosis solely were included in this prospective study. Patients with other systemic and ocular diseases affecting ocular circulation were excluded. On 30 patients ...
Hong Youlian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to compare plantar loads during treadmill running and running on concrete and grass surfaces. DESIGN: Crossover study design was used in the study. METHOD: A total of 16 experienced heel-to-toe runners participated in the study. Plantar loads data were collected using a Novel ...
Rahmel D K - - 2012
Neonatologists prefer non-invasive ventilation methods for pre-term neonates, who often require surfactant treatment. Therefore, a technology for non-invasive surfactant administration would be highly appreciated. We have developed a Continuous Powder Aerosolisation (CPA) system for the generation of a humidified recombinant surfactant protein-C (rSP-C) surfactant aerosol for non-invasive administration to pre-term ...
Zhou Min - - 2012
Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) device is widely used to treat infected wounds at clinical work. Although the effect of VAC with different negative pressure values was well established, different negative pressures could result in varying modulation of wound relative cytokines was not clear. We hypothesise that instead of the highest negative ...
Rieck Ashild E - - 2012
The impact of hypertension on left ventricular structure and outcome during progression of aortic valve stenosis has not been reported from a large prospective study. Data from 1616 patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis randomized to placebo-controlled treatment with combined simvastatin and ezetimibe in the Simvastatin Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis Study ...
Inan Durdu Gül - - 2012
PURPOSE:: The purpose of this study was to identify pressure ulcer prevalence among hospitalized patients in a university hospital setting. SETTING AND SUBJECTS:: The study setting was medical and surgical inpatient wards and critical care units in a university hospital in Adana, Turkey. The sample population comprised 404 patients who ...
Gunningberg Lena - - 2012
Aim  To report data from the first national pressure ulcer prevalence survey in Sweden on prevalence, pressure ulcer categories, locations and preventive interventions for persons at risk for developing pressure ulcers. Methods  A cross-sectional research design was used in a total sample of 35 058 persons in hospitals and nursing homes. ...
Reant Patricia - - 2012
We evaluated the ability of two-dimensional speckle tracking strain echocardiography to detect left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction as compared with LV ejection fraction (EF) in healthy subjects following acute alcohol intoxication. In total, 25 healthy subjects were investigated using echocardiography 4-6 hours after the onset of alcohol intoxication at a ...
Plexico Laura W - - 2012
Phonation threshold pressure values reported in the literature have largely been determined with use of one of three consonant-vowel sequences, /pi/, /pae/, and /pa/; however, it is not currently known if vowel choice influences phonation threshold pressure values. Based on the evidence that describes velopharyngeal closure variations between vowels, this ...
Hoshide Satoshi - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare the differences in the levels of a highly sensitive cardiac troponin T (Hs-cTnT) between Losartan (LOS) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) and amlodipine. Seventy-eight hypertensive patients were randomized to receive LOS/HCTZ or amlodipine for 8 weeks. Both treatments decreased clinic and 24-hour blood pressure ...
Bright-Thomas Rowland J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We examined pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) characteristics of CF adults, studied clinical correlates and long-term survival. METHODS: Comprehensive clinical data were collected and Doppler echocardiography was used to estimate PAP in 109 stable CF adults and 50 healthy controls. RESULTS: CF patients had lower day and night-time oxygen status, ...
Facy Olivier - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) achieve good results in selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. High intra-abdominal pressure could enhance the penetration of chemotherapy drugs. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of high pressure and hyperthermia when used separately and when combined in terms ...
Grossi Alberto - - 2012
The combined effect of high pressure processing (HPP) (400, 600 and 800MPa) and carrot fibre (CF) and potato starch (PS) on low salt (1.2%) pork sausages was investigated and compared with high (1.8%) salt sausages. Sausages had a marked increase in whitening with increasing content of fibre or starch, pressure ...
Luzardo Leonella - - 2012
We assessed the feasibility of ambulatory pulse wave analysis by comparing this approach with an established tonometric technique. We investigated 35 volunteers (45.6 years; 51.0% women) exclusively at rest (R study) and 83 volunteers (49.9 years; 61.4% women) at rest and during daytime (1000-2000 h) ambulatory monitoring (R+A study). We recorded ...
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