Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1447
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Iwama H - - 2001
Because a standard type of graduated compression stocking is not effective for the prevention of spinal anesthesia hypothension during cesarean section, we have used an extra-strong type of graduated compression stocking. This study examined whether the extra-strong stocking reduces usage of vasopressor agents. Forty-eight and 47 full term parturients were ...
Zhang X S - - 2001
This study was undertaken to determine whether artificial neural network (ANN) processing of mid-latency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEPs) can identify different anesthetic states during propofol anesthesia, and to determine those parameters that are most useful in the identification process. Twenty-one patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery were studied. To maintain general ...
Fernieini E M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The hemodynamic effects of local anesthetic administration with and without a vasoconstrictor were compared by using laser Doppler flowmetry. STUDY DESIGN: Seventeen people participated in a single study session in which they were given 2 intraoral injections. The injections, which were administered in random order, consisted of 1.8 mL ...
Mutoh T - - 2001
Rapid mask induction can be a useful induction technique for veterinary patients, although it is often accompanied by exaggerated excitement responses in unpremedicated animals (Mutoh et al.: Jpn. J. Vet. Anesth. Surg. 26, 109-116; J. Vet. Med. Sci. 57, 1007-1013; J. Vet. Med. Sci. 57, 1121-1124; 1995). The aim of ...
Satsumae T - - 2001
The mechanism of tourniquet-induced arterial pressure increase is not known. We investigated the effect of preoperative ketamine on tourniquet-induced arterial pressure and heart rate changes in 85 patients undergoing knee surgery with a tourniquet under general anesthesia. Patients were randomly assigned into three groups; Large Ketamine (n = 28; ketamine ...
Paut O - - 2001
To determine the effect of halothane on the cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) with increasing then decreasing concentrations, 11 children scheduled for minor surgery were studied. Anaesthesia consisted of halothane, vecuronium, nitrous oxide in oxygen and a caudal block. End-tidal carbon dioxide, temperature, heart rate and systolic arterial pressure were ...
Yoshida M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The combining of epidural anesthesia with general anesthesia impairs central and peripheral thermoregulatory control and therefore is often accompanied by unintended intraoperative hypothermia. However, little is known about the cardiovascular response to hypothermia during combined epidural and general anesthesia. The authors assessed the effects of hypothermia during such combined ...
Goren S - - 2001
Twenty-four adult male Wistar rats, weighing 220 to 290 g, were anesthetized with 30 mg/kg intraperitoneal sodium thiopental, then underwent a tracheostomy. After diffuse impact-acceleration brain injury (BI) was induced, each rat was paralyzed and mechanically ventilated with 30% O2 in nitrous oxide (N2O). The rats were assigned randomly to ...
Hellyer P W - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a constant-rate infusion of fentanyl on minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane and to determine the interaction between fentanyl and a benzodiazepine agonist (diazepam) and antagonist (flumazenil) in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs. ANIMALS: 8 mixed-breed adult dogs. PROCEDURE: Dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane 3 times during ...
Von Dossow V - - 2001
Thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) combined with general anesthesia (GA) as well as total-IV anesthesia (TIVA) are both established anesthetic managements for thoracic surgery. We compared them with respect to hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, shunt fraction and oxygenation during one-lung ventilation. Fifty patients, ASA physical status II-III undergoing pulmonary resection were randomly ...
Taylor P M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare detomidine hydrochloride and romifidine as premedicants in horses undergoing elective surgery. ANIMALS: 100 client-owned horses. PROCEDURE: After administration of acepromazine (0.03 mg/kg, IV), 50 horses received detomidine hydrochloride (0.02 mg/kg of body weight, IV) and 50 received romifidine (0.1 mg/kg, IV) before induction and maintenance of anesthesia ...
Reinelt H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nitrous oxide diffuses easily from blood into air filled spaces. Xenon is also a relatively insoluble gas, like nitrous oxide. Therefore, the authors measured xenon diffusion into obstructed bowel segments during xenon anesthesia and compared this with nitrous oxide and nitrogen diffusion. METHODS: Twenty-one pentobarbital-anesthetized pigs were randomly assigned ...
Liu M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia has been shown to decrease the requirement for inhaled anesthetics in animals, but information in humans is limited. METHODS: Thirty-three unpremedicated children with congenital left-to-right shunt heart diseases undergoing open heart surgeries were assigned to one of three groups, with nasopharyngeal temperatures at the time of skin incision ...
Kamenik M - - 2001
We evaluated the effects of an infusion of lactated Ringer's (LR) solution on changes in cardiac output (CO) after spinal anesthesia. Seventy-five patients scheduled for lower extremity surgery under spinal anesthesia were studied. We measured CO (impedance cardiography method) and blood pressure for 25 min before and 30 min after ...
Huang C L CL Department of Anesthesiology, National Taiwan University Hospital, No. 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan 10016, - - 2001
Although sevoflurane seems to have fulfilled the criteria of ideal anesthetic agent for ambulatory surgery, its effects on intraoperative alteration and postoperative recovery of arterial baroreflex have not been well documented. This study assessed the time required for patients anesthetized with sevoflurane to regain their baseline baroreflex after ambulatory surgeries. ...
Kienbaum P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: S(+)-Ketamine is reported to exert twofold greater analgesic and hypnotic effects but a shorter recovery time in comparison with racemic ketamine, indicating possible differential effects of stereoisomers. However, cardiovascular regulation during S(+)-ketamine anesthesia has not been studied. Muscle sympathetic activity (MSA) may be an indicator of the underlying alterations ...
Knoerl D V - - 2001
Discharge readiness from a Phase I PACU after spinal anesthesia is frequently determined by recovery of sensory/motor function. However, no data exist indicating that recovery of sensory/motor function adequately predicts hemodynamic stability after spinal anesthesia. The conservative practice of waiting until the sensory/motor effects of spinal anesthesia have completely worn ...
Ebert T J - - 2001
PURPOSE: The volatile anesthetic desflurane has been associated with neurocirculatory responses that have been relatively refractory to adjuvant treatment. We have employed desflurane to evaluate the integrity of the sympathetic nerve recording after establishment of the anesthetized state with another anesthetic agent. This retrospective evaluation of data from volunteers determined ...
Revich L R - - 2001
We describe the case of a 36 year old patient who was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for an acute asthma attack that failed to respond to conventional treatment and required mechanical ventilation. The patient's condition improved after halothane was administered; treatment with this inhalational anaesthetic lasted 7 ...
Schaffartzik W - - 2000
Hearing loss has been described after spinal anesthesia. We examined the hearing in patients before and after spinal and general anesthesia by pure tone audiometry (LdB: 125-1500 Hz; HdB: 2000-8000 Hz). Tympanic membrane displacement analysis was used to noninvasively monitor the intralabyrinthine and intracranial pressure. Eighteen patients received spinal anesthesia ...
Langan G P - - 2000
PURPOSE: A study was conducted to assess the cardiopulmonary and anesthetic effects of sevoflurane anesthesia on Garnett's Greater Bush Baby (Otolemur garnettii). METHODS: Anesthesia was induced in ten animals with 8% sevoflurane and was maintained by use of 2.5% sevoflurane for 30 minutes. Induction and recovery times were recorded. Heart ...
Frei C W - - 2000
In this paper, a scheme for improvement of the regulation of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) during anesthesia based on model predictive control (MPC) and estimates of the effects of disturbances (surgical events) is proposed. A linear model for the combined effects of surgical stimulations and volatile anesthetics on MAP ...
Chiu C L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: To compare the maintenance and recovery characteristics of sevoflurane and isoflurane anaesthesia in Malaysian patients. METHOD: This is a prospective, open labelled, randomized, controlled study. Sixty unpremedicated ASA I or II patients (aged 18-50 years), scheduled for elective breast lump excision were randomly allocated to receive either isoflurane or ...
Sladky K K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiopulmonary effects of immobilizing doses of xylazine-ketamine (XK), medetomidine-ketamine (MK), medetomidine-ketamine-acepromazine (MKA), and medetomidine-butorphanol-ketamine (MBK) in captive red wolves. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 32 adult captive red wolves. PROCEDURE: Wolves were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups: XK, MK, MKA, or MBK. Physiologic variables ...
McCulloch T J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Hypercapnia abolishes cerebral autoregulation, but little is known about the interaction between hypercapnia and autoregulation during general anesthesia. With normocapnia, sevoflurane (up to 1.5 minimum alveolar concentration) and propofol do not impair cerebral autoregulation. This study aimed to document the level of hypercapnia required to impair cerebral autoregulation during ...
Tu─črul M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of ketamine in comparison with isoflurane in the maintenance of anesthesia in children with tetralogy of Fallot. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty children scheduled for correction of tetralogy of Fallot. INTERVENTIONS: After intubation, patients were assigned randomly to receive 2 different ...
Sakai K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Although isoflurane has been shown to cause coronary and systemic vasodilation through KATP channel activation, the interaction of KATP channel openers and isoflurane has not been fully investigated. The present study was carried out to determine the haemodynamic actions of cromakalim, a KATP channel opener, under the conscious state ...
Ben-Abraham R - - 2000
Dexmedetomidine is a relatively new, highly selective, short-acting central alpha 2 agonist. Although not yet officially introduced for clinical use in Israel, it has become increasingly popular among anesthesiologists and intensive care physicians abroad when used as an adjuvant to the classical regimen of anesthesia techniques. Its administration potentiates the ...
Ko J C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of butorphanol and carprofen, alone and in combination, on the minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in dogs. DESIGN: Randomized complete-block crossover study. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult dogs. PROCEDURE: Minimal alveolar concentration of isoflurane was determined following administration of carprofen alone, butorphanol alone, carprofen and ...
Beaussier M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare desflurane and isoflurane for spinal procedures requiring moderate levels of controlled arterial hypotension, when these agents were administered via a semi-closed circuit at 1 l x min(-1) fresh gas flow. METHODS: After ethics committee approval and written informed consent, 20 ASA ...
Tobias J D - - 2000
Etomidate is a carboxylated, imidazole-containing intravenous anesthetic agent introduced into clinical anesthesia practice in 1972. Its distinctive features that make it useful as an anesthetic induction include a lack of adverse effects on hemodynamic function as well as beneficial effects on cerebral blood flow and intracranial pressure. Because of these ...
Iijima T T Department of Anesthesiology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Japan. - - 2000
No study comparing epileptogenicity of sevoflurane to other volatile anesthetics has been performed. We compared the epileptogenic properties of sevoflurane to isoflurane in patients with epilepsy. In 24 mentally and/or physically disabled patients, 12 with epilepsy and 12 without epilepsy, electroencephalograms were recorded under anesthesia with 1.0 minimum alveolar anesthetic ...
Ohta M - - 2000
Eighty-five thoroughbred racehorses with various types of fracture were subjected to arthroscopic surgery (44 horses) or internal fixation (41 horses) under sevoflurane anesthesia. The mean end-tidal sevoflurane concentration during anesthesia ranged from 2.5 to 2.8%. PaCO2 was maintained between 50 and 65 mmHg by controlled ventilation. The mean arterial blood ...
Reich D L - - 2000
Previous publications suggest that handwritten anesthesia records are less accurate when compared with computer-generated records, but these studies were limited by small sample size, unblinded study design, and unpaired statistical comparisons. Eighty-one pairs of handwritten and computer-generated neurosurgical anesthesia records were retrospectively compared by using a matched sample design. Systolic ...
Yang J C JC Department of Anesthesiology, University of Hong - - 2000
Influences of isoflurane and esmolol on endotracheal intubation induced sympathetic changes could be different. The effect of isoflurane and its combination with esmolol on catecholamine, blood pressure and pulse during endotracheal intubation were investigated. Thirty patients were anesthetized with 3.0% isoflurane and tracheal intubation was carried out at the 5th ...
Mama K R - - 2000
A captive 590-kg (1,298-lb) 22-year-old castrated male Kodiak brown bear was evaluated because of a soft tissue mass in the right carpal and antebrachial regions. General anesthesia was deemed necessary on 3 occasions for various procedures including radiographic evaluation and biopsy, excision, and radiation treatment. The bear was given carfentanil ...
Goff M J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Bronchospasm is a potential complication in anyone undergoing general anesthesia. Because volatile anesthetics relax bronchial smooth muscle, the effects of two newer volatile anesthetics, desflurane and sevoflurane, on respiratory resistance were evaluated. The authors hypothesized that desflurane would have greater bronchodilating effects because of its ability to increase sympathetic ...
Zhang Y Y Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0464, - - 2000
We investigated the hyperalgesic (antianalgesic) effect of the inhaled anesthetics isoflurane, halothane, nitrous oxide, and diethyl ether, or the nonimmobilizer 1, 2-dichlorohexafluorocyclobutane at subanesthetic partial pressures (or, for the nonimmobilizer, subanesthetic partial pressures predicted from lipid solubility) in rats. Hyperalgesia was assessed as a decrease in the time to withdrawal ...
Saghaei M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pulsus alternans is a classic type of abnormal pulse. It can be defined as a regular alternation of pulse amplitude in which runs of weak and strong beats follow each other alternatively without any change in cycle length. It may be a sign of severe decompensated congestive heart failure. ...
Bokesch P M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists are neuroprotective in animal models of cerebral ischemia, but adverse cardiovascular and neurobehavioral effects have precluded their clinical use. The authors present the neuroprotective, anesthetic, and cardiovascular effects of a novel NMDA antagonist, CNS 5161A. METHODS: Lambs, 4.0-6.5 kg, were anesthetized with isoflurane, intubated, and ...
Ooi - - 2000
Anorectal physiological testing often yields contradictory results in patients with faecal incontinence. This prospective study aims to determine if there are any discriminatory changes in anorectal physiological testing after a successful sphincter repair for sphincter defects. From 1995 to 1998, 20 consecutive females who underwent a successful overlapping sphincter repair ...
Krol M - - 2000
The complexity of modern anesthesia procedures requires the development of decision-support systems functioning in a smart-alarm capacity. We developed computer algorithms to detect critical conditions during surgery (light anesthesia or unstable blood pressure), based on computerized anesthesia records containing hemodynamic data (heart rate, mean arterial pressure and systolic arterial pressure). ...
Hikasa Y - - 2000
Effects of sevoflurane and isoflurane anesthesia in oxygen on clinical, cardiopulmonary, hematological, and serum biochemical findings were compared in sheep breathing spontaneously undergoing minor surgical operations during short-term (60-80min) or long-term (3-4h) anesthesia. All sheep were premedicated with atropine sulfate (0.1mg/kg) intramuscularly, and 10min later, induced to anesthesia by intravenous ...
Hsu Y W YW Department of Anesthesiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C. - - 2000
Sevoflurane is almost the idealest volatile anesthetic agent regarding inhalation induction of general anesthesia. Previous studies have established a role of sevoflurane in high concentration primed in the circuit for inhalation induction in pediatric patients. However, which concentration of sevoflurane is suitable has not yet been reported. This study was ...
Wojtczak J A JA Departments of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, - - 2000
The cardiovascular effects of volatile anesthetics in prenatal hearts are not well investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the embryonic cardiovascular system is sensitive to an exposure to clinically relevant, equipotent concentrations of halothane and isoflurane. Stage 24 (4-day-old) chick embryos were exposed to 0.09 and ...
Neath P J - - 2000
To evaluate the hemodynamic effects produced by intrathecal administration of oxytocin in healthy isoflurane-anesthetized dogs. Prospective single-dose trial. Six healthy purpose-bred adult dogs weighing between 7.3 and 14.5 kg. Dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane and instrumented. Oxytocin at a dosage of 1.6 microg/kg was administered intrathecally at the cisternal space ...
Pac-Soo C K - - 2000
The effects of inhalational anaesthetic agents on renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) were compared in anaesthetized rabbits. Concentrations of 6% desflurane, 1.2% isoflurane, and 2.4% enflurane increased mean RSNA up to 32, 36 and 44% while higher concentrations, of 12, 2.4 and 3.2% depressed it by 42, 83 and 5%, ...
Ogawa K - - 2000
The effects of halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane (0.5, 1 and 2 MAC) and pentobarbital (10(-5) M, 10(-4) M and 3 x 10(-4) M) on hypocapnia- and bicarbonate-induced constriction of isolated dog middle cerebral arteries were investigated in vitro. The isometric tension of isolated cerebral arterial rings was measured in an organ ...
Hoffman W E - - 2000
It is reported that high dose desflurane can increase brain tissue oxygen pressure (PtO2) in patients during cerebral aneurysm surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine whether high dose isoflurane anesthesia can produce a similar effect in dogs and the importance of cerebral perfusion pressure in mediating this ...
Machin K L - - 2000
Heart rate, occurrence of apnea, body temperature, quality of anesthesia and nest abandonment were compared during either propofol or isoflurane anesthesia of nesting female canvasback ducks (Aythya valisineria) at 15 to 18 days of incubation. One hundred eighteen canvasbacks were assigned randomly to three treatments so that nest abandonment could ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >