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Steffey Eugene P - - 2002
Both desflurane and sevoflurane offer theoretical and practical advantages over other inhalation anesthetics for horses. The lower solubility of both agents provides improved control of delivery and helps to counteract the confounding influence of the voluminous patient breathing circuit commonly used for anesthetizing horses. The lower solubility should account for ...
Picker O - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to examine whether the coupling between oxygen consumption (VO2) and cardiac output (CO) is maintained during xenon anaesthesia. METHODS: We studied the relationship between VO2 (indirect calorimetry) and CO (ultrasound flowmetry) by adding xenon to isoflurane anaesthesia in five chronically instrumented dogs. Different mixtures of ...
Meersschaert Karoline - - 2002
In patients chronically treated with angiotensin converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), typically selected doses of ephedrine do not always restore arterial blood pressure when anesthesia-induced hypotension occurs. We postulated that the administration of terlipressin, an agonist of the vasopressin system, with ephedrine more effectively restores pressure in this setting than the administration ...
Holschneider D P - - 2002
The recent development of mice doubly deficient for monoamine oxidase A and B (MAO-A/B, respectively) has raised questions about the impact of these mutations on cardiovascular function, in so far as these animals demonstrate increased tissue levels of the vasoactive amines serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, and phenylethylamine. We recorded femoral arterial ...
Bruder Nicolas - - 2002
Changes in the cerebral circulation during recovery from neurosurgical anesthesia are poorly understood. We used transcranial Doppler to compare cerebral blood flow velocity changes (Vmca) during recovery after anesthesia. In the first part of the study, 30 patients were randomized to propofol- or isoflurane-based anesthesia. Vmca, mean arterial pressure (MAP), ...
Müller M - - 2002
Volatile anaesthetics differ in the effects they have on splanchnic haemodynamics and oxygenation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of desflurane and isoflurane as part of a balanced anaesthetic technique on intestinal tissue oxygenation during colorectal surgery. Data were analysed from 44 patients randomly assigned to ...
Muñoz Hernán R - - 2002
During propofol/fentanyl anesthesia, a large percentage of patients have jugular bulb oxygen saturation (SjO(2)) <50%. The incidence is less with isoflurane/N(2)O. We evaluated the effect of N(2)O on SjO(2) during remifentanil-based anesthesia with concurrent propofol or sevoflurane in 20 adults undergoing brain tumor surgery. Anesthesia was randomized: Group 1 (n ...
El-Dawlatly Abdelazeem - - 2002
PURPOSE: To compare clinical advantages and hemodynamic and respiratory changes during one lung-collapsed ventilation (OLCV) using a double-lumen tube (DLT) or a single-lumen tube (SLT) with intrathoracic CO(2) insufflation, in patients undergoing thoracic sympathectomy (TS) under general anesthesia. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five patients (94 men and 31 women) undergoing ...
Coetzee J F - - 2002
METHODS: Seven academic centres studied 302 patients, using desflurane, enflurane, halothane, or isoflurane using circle-systems and Dräger Julian anaesthetic machines, with fresh gas flows (V(F)) of 3, 1, and 0.5 litre min(-1). Volatile agent partial pressures in the breathing system were recorded and agent consumptions measured by weighing. RESULTS: At ...
Ishida Hiroshi - - 2002
PURPOSE: Sevoflurane and isoflurane have been reported to exert protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in various organs. To compare the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on liver IRI with that of isoflurane anesthesia, we performed the present study in pigs. METHODS: Nineteen pigs were assigned to either the sevoflurane ( ...
Luo Fang - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different concentrations of desflurane on jugular bulb gases and jugular bulb pressure (JBP) and to determine an optimal concentration of desflurane in neurosurgical patients with supratentorial tumor. Twenty-two patients were anesthetized with desflurane in oxygen. Radial arterial and jugular ...
Tamura Eunice Yuriko - - 2002
The effects of different preanesthetic medications (acepromazine plus either meperidine or butorphanol) given before the induction of anesthesia with midazolam and ketamine on intraocular pressure, heart rate, and arterial blood pressure were investigated in 20 dogs. Following administration of preanesthetics and induction of anesthesia, dogs were intubated and anesthesia was ...
Vane Luiz A - - 2002
Isoflurane-anesthetized sheep were transfused with packed red blood cells (pRBCs) or diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) for treatment of intraoperative hemorrhage. A rapid 15-min hemorrhage with lactated Ringer (LR) infusion maintained filling pressure at baseline and reduced blood hemoglobin (Hb) to ~5 g/dl. Sheep received 2 g/kg Hb, DCLHb (n = ...
Kleinsasser A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Decreased arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) during volatile anesthesia is well-known. Halothane has been examined with the multiple inert gas elimination technique and has been shown to alter the distribution of pulmonary blood flow and thus PaO2. The effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane on pulmonary gas exchange remain ...
Chen L M - - 2001
Optical imaging of intrinsic cortical activity was used to study the somatotopic map and the representation of pressure, flutter, and vibration in area 3b of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) cortex under pentothal or isoflurane anesthesia. The representation of the fingerpads in primary somatosensory cortex was investigated by stimulating the ...
Richter M C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular and respiratory effects of water immersion in horses recovering from general anesthesia. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURE: Horses were anesthetized 3 times with halothane and recovered from anesthesia while positioned in lateral or sternal recumbency in a padded recovery stall or while immersed in ...
Cantwell S L - - 2001
Severe acute hypercarbia occurred in a cat and 2 dogs as a result of anesthesia machine malfunction. In each case, the anesthesia machine had been checked by the anesthesia technician and clinician, and no problems were found. After it was noticed that the same machine had been used on each ...
Torri G - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and recovery profile of sevoflurane and isoflurane as the main anesthetics for morbidly obese patients. DESIGN: Randomized, blinded study. SETTING: Inpatients. PATIENTS: 30 ASA physical status II and III obese patients [body mass index (BMI) > 35 kg/m(2)] undergoing laparoscopic gastric banding for morbid ...
Picker O - - 2001
We studied whether endogenous endothelin, like endogenous vasopressin, helps to maintain blood pressure during high epidural anesthesia when efferent sympathetic drive is diminished. On different days, six awake dogs underwent each of the following five interventions: blockade of vasopressin V(1a) receptors using [d(CH(2))(5)Tyr(Me(2))]AVP, (40 microg/kg) or endothelin receptors using tezosentan ...
Schwarzkopf K - - 2001
During one-lung ventilation (OLV), hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) reduces venous admixture and attenuates the decrease in arterial oxygen tension by diverting blood from the nonventilated lung to the ventilated lung. In vitro, desflurane and isoflurane depress HPV in a dose-dependent manner. Accordingly, we studied the effects of increasing concentrations of ...
Gilbert T B - - 2001
An overdose of the antiarrhythmic drug, lidocaine hydrochloride, was inadvertently administered to a patient through an arterial pressure monitoring apparatus, resulting in cardiac asystole. This medication error demonstrates to all anesthesia care team members the importance of preventing similar occurrences.
Nagase K K Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu, - - 2001
To investigate the effects of ketamine and propofol on the cerebrovascular response to carbon dioxide (CO(2)) in humans during isoflurane anesthesia. Randomized clinical investigation. University hospital of a medical school. 30 ASA physical status I and II adult, elective surgical patients. With each patient given air/oxygen/isoflurane anesthesia, the flow velocity ...
Nakayama M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To investigate the changes in hemodynamic variables and bispectral index (BIS) in response to a rapid increase in isoflurane or sevoflurane concentration. METHOD: Thirty adult patients were anesthetized with either isoflurane (isoflurane group) or sevoflurane (sevoflurane group). Two minutes after induction of anesthesia with thiamylal, the inspired concentrations of ...
Tanaka A - - 2001
We studied the effects of minor surgery and endotracheal intubation on postoperative breathing patterns. We measured breathing patterns and laryngeal resistance during the periods immediately before intubation (preoperative) and immediately after extubation following minor surgery (postoperative) in eight patients anaesthetized with sevoflurane and eight patients anaesthetized with isoflurane, breathing spontaneously ...
Sundman E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic agents alter pharyngeal function with risk of impaired airway protection and aspiration. This study was performed to evaluate pharyngeal function during subhypnotic concentrations of propofol, isoflurane, and sevoflurane and to compare the drugs for possible differences in this respect. METHODS: Forty-five healthy volunteers were randomized to receive propofol, ...
Mutoh T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of nitrous oxide (N2O) on the speed and quality of mask induction with sevoflurane or isoflurane in dogs. ANIMALS: 7 healthy Beagles. PROCEDURE: Anesthesia was induced with sevoflurane or isoflurane delivered in 100% oxygen or in a 2:1 mixture of N2O and oxygen via a ...
Nagasaki G - - 2001
Volatile anesthetics attenuate baroreflex function in a concentration-dependent manner. This study was designed to determine how long full recovery of baroreflex control of heart rate takes after isoflurane or sevoflurane anesthesia in healthy volunteers. We assessed baroreflex sensitivity in 20 subjects randomized to receive either isoflurane or sevoflurane (n = ...
Sasano H - - 2001
Hyperpnea increases anesthetic elimination but is difficult to implement with current anesthetic circuits without decreasing arterial PCO2. To circumvent this, we modified a standard resuscitation bag to maintain isocapnia during hyperpnea without rebreathing by passively matching inspired PCO2 to minute ventilation. We evaluated the feasibility of using this apparatus to ...
Tanaka M - - 2001
Aging is associated with reduced heart rate (HR) responsiveness to a simulated IV test dose containing epinephrine. We tested the hypothesis that a more contemporary T-wave criterion (positive if there was a > or = 25% decrease in T-wave amplitude) was applicable in both awake and anesthetized older patients. Sixteen ...
Engelhard K K Klinik für Anaesthesiologie der Technischen Universität München, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich, Germany. - - 2001
This study investigates the effects of S(+)-ketamine and propofol in comparison to sevoflurane on dynamic cerebrovascular autoregulation in humans. Twenty-four patients were randomly assigned to one of the following anesthetic protocols: group I (n=12): 2.5 mg.kg(-1)*hr(-1) S(+)-ketamine, 1.5-2.5 microg*mL(-1) propofol-target plasma concentration; group II (n=12): 2.0 MAC (4.0 %) sevoflurane. ...
Chi O Z - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine whether mild hypothermia (32 degrees C) could attenuate the degree of blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption caused by a hyperosmolar solution and whether the degree of disruption would vary depending on anesthetic agents. METHODS: Rats were assigned to one of four groups: normothermic isoflurane, ...
Izumi K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: It is believed that isoflurane decreases blood pressure predominantly by decreasing systemic vascular resistance with modest myocardial depression. Nevertheless, little information is available regarding the direct action of isoflurane on systemic resistance arteries. METHODS: With use of the isometric force recording method, the action of isoflurane on contractile response ...
Marino T - - 2001
Spinal anesthesia for the cesarean delivery of triplets is associated with an increased incidence of maternal hypotension and placental hypoperfusion. We performed a retrospective case series analysis between January 1992 and June 2000 to evaluate the effects of regional anesthetic techniques for cesarean delivery in triplet pregnancies on maternal and ...
Meyer G A - - 2001
This study aimed to identify blood serum lidocaine concentrations in the horse which resulted in clinical signs of intoxication, and to document the effects of toxic levels on the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary systems. Nineteen clinically normal mature horses of mixed breed, age and sex were observed. Lidocaine administration was initiated ...
Polis I - - 2001
In the present study the influence of three volatile agents (halothane, isoflurane and sevoflurane) in oxygen at two concentrations [1.5 and 2 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC)] on non-invasive cardio-respiratory parameters (heart and respirators rates, non-invasive blood pressures at 15, 30, 60 min and after extubation) and on the recovery times ...
Yao L - - 2001
Volatile anaesthetics can pharmacologically enhance the recovery of stunned myocardium, but the mechanism is still unknown. This study sought to determine whether isoflurane attenuates myocardial stunning, and whether the myocardial protection of isoflurane is mediated by adenosine A(1) receptors. Five groups (n=8) of isolated rat hearts were studied in the ...
Schatzman U - - 2001
The analgesic potency of butorphanol 25 microg/kg bodyweight (BW) and levomethadone 100 microg/kg BW, administered together with detomidine 10 microg/kg BW, was measured in twelve Warmblood horses in a randomized, blinded cross-over study. Detomidine with saline 10 ml 0.9% was used as placebo. The nociceptive threshold was determined using a ...
Allaouchiche B - - 2001
The effect of sepsis on the minimum alveolar concentration of desflurane (MAC(DES)) in humans and other animals has not been reported previously. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sepsis might alter MAC(DES) in a normotensive septic porcine model. Twenty-four young healthy pigs were premedicated with ...
Bedforth N M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of desflurane, at 1 and 1.5 MAC, on cerebral autoregulation. Data were analysed from eight patients undergoing non-neurosurgical procedure. The blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery was measured by transcranial Doppler ultrasound and cerebral autoregulation was assessed by ...
Tanaka M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Effects of hypothermia on arterial baroreflex function during, and on its recovery after, general anesthesia were examined in humans. METHODS: Twenty healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to a normothermic group (n = 10 each, active forced-air warming) or to a hypothermic group (no active warming) during anesthesia. Measurements of ...
Pakulski C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the influence of infiltration anesthesia of the projected line of incision in the skin of head on the hemodynamic response of the circulatory system, and the essential dose of opioids in 100 patients who underwent craniotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The ...
Lawson D M - - 2001
This study was designed to determine the time to recovery from carotid artery catheterization using multiple criteria and to compare recovery times between three common anesthetics. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, chronically instrumented with radio-telemetry transmitters, were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital, halothane or a mixture of ketamine, xylazine and acepromazine before an ...
Hoffman W E WE Department of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60612, USA. - - 2001
We compared sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-induced hypotension with 3% isoflurane-induced hypotension with regard to brain tissue oxygen pressure (PtO(2)), middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow, and cerebral arteriovenous shunting. Eight dogs were anesthetized with 1.5% isoflurane. After a craniotomy, a probe was inserted into the left frontoparietal brain cortex to mea-sure ...
Allaouchiche B - - 2001
Sevoflurane is widely used in anaesthetic protocols for patients undergoing surgical procedures. However, there are no reports on the influence of sepsis on minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane (MAC(SEV)) in animals or in humans. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sepsis could alter the MAC(SEV) ...
Dahan A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Respiratory depression is a serious side effect of anesthetics and opioids. The authors examined the influence of the combined administration of sevoflurane and alfentanil on ventilatory control, heart rate (HR), and Bispectral Index (BIS) in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Step decreases in end-tidal partial pressure of oxygen from normoxia into ...
Chaves A A - - 2001
Transgenic murine models of cardiovascular disease offer great potential insights regarding mechanisms of human disease, but efficient and reliable methods for phenotype evaluation are necessary. We employed non-invasive echocardiography to evaluate hemodynamic parameters in mice, and evaluated statistical reliability of these parameters with respect to anesthesia regimen. Male CF-1 mice ...
Yamakage M - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose was to compare the concentrations of compound A in inspired gas breathed by patients produced by different types of anesthetic machines under prolonged sevoflurane low-flow anesthesia. METHODS: The anesthetic machines tested were Excel 210 SE (Datex-Ohmeda, Louisville, CO), Cicero (Dräger, Lübeck, Germany), and AS/3 ADU (Datex-Ohmeda, Louisville, ...
Iwama H - - 2001
Because a standard type of graduated compression stocking is not effective for the prevention of spinal anesthesia hypothension during cesarean section, we have used an extra-strong type of graduated compression stocking. This study examined whether the extra-strong stocking reduces usage of vasopressor agents. Forty-eight and 47 full term parturients were ...
Zhang X S - - 2001
This study was undertaken to determine whether artificial neural network (ANN) processing of mid-latency auditory evoked potentials (MLAEPs) can identify different anesthetic states during propofol anesthesia, and to determine those parameters that are most useful in the identification process. Twenty-one patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery were studied. To maintain general ...
Fernieini E M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The hemodynamic effects of local anesthetic administration with and without a vasoconstrictor were compared by using laser Doppler flowmetry. STUDY DESIGN: Seventeen people participated in a single study session in which they were given 2 intraoral injections. The injections, which were administered in random order, consisted of 1.8 mL ...
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