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Dagtekin Oguzhan - - 2007
Stereotactically guided procedures are performed for an ever extending range of conditions. They present a unique anesthetic challenge. In our institution, a standardized anesthetic protocol for total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) augmented by electrophysiologic monitoring with BIS or AEP monitors was introduced. We conducted a retrospective study of 21 patients (ASA ...
Sakai Hiroaki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Long-term neuroprotection by isoflurane has been questioned. The authors examined factors in experimental models potentially critical to definition of enduring isoflurane neuroprotection. METHODS: Rats were prepared for temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Pericranial normothermia was maintained. Neurologic deficits (range, 0-48; 0=no deficit) and cerebral infarct volumes were measured. ...
Růzicka J - - 2007
Noble gases are known for their inertness. They do not react chemically with any element at normal temperature and pressure. Through that, some of them are known to be biologically active by their sedative, hypnotic and analgesic properties. Common inhalation anesthetics are characterized by some disadvantages (toxicity, decreased cardiac output, ...
Faraco Fátima N - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular changes during dental implant surgery using 2% lidocaine with 1:80 000 epinephrine. Eleven normotensive subjects, ranging from 18 to 56 years, were selected to undergo dental implant surgery in the jaw. They were monitored in the pre-, intra-, and postsurgical periods ...
Davoudi Maryam - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate low-dose intrathecal meperidine for prevention or alleviation of shivering after induction of spinal anesthesia for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, 80 patients scheduled for TURP under spinal anesthesia were assigned into two ...
Sjöblom Markus - - 2007
When running in vivo experiments, it is imperative to keep arterial blood pressure and acid-base parameters within the normal physiological range. The aim of this investigation was to explore the consequences of anesthesia-induced acidosis on basal and PGE(2)-stimulated duodenal bicarbonate secretion. Mice (strain C57bl/6J) were kept anesthetized by a spontaneous ...
Hendrix Paula K - - 2006
An adult hybrid orangutan (Pongo abelii/pygmaeus) was presented to a veterinary teaching hospital for laparoscopic tubal ligation. The orangutan was immobilized with the use of injectable anesthetic agents, then orotracheally intubated. Anesthesia was maintained with the use of isoflurane in oxygen, and positive-pressure ventilation was used to ensure adequate gas ...
Pypendop Bruno H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the variability of cardiorespiratory measurements is smaller when administering desflurane at a multiple of the individual's minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) or at a predetermined, identical concentration in all subjects. ANIMALS: 10 dogs. PROCEDURES: Desflurane was administered at 1.5 times the individual's MAC (iMAC) and 1.5 times ...
Bakan Mefkur - - 2006
A 12-year-old boy with bilateral adrenal pheochromocytoma pretreated with furosemide, nifedipine, prazosin, and propranolol underwent surgical removal of the tumors. General anesthesia with desflurane, remifentanil infusion and thoracic epidural analgesia was performed. To control the blood pressure (BP), remifentanil up to 1 microg.kg(-1).min(-1) infusion rate, sodium nitroprusside, and esmolol infusions ...
Driessen Bernd - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study whether hemodynamic function in horses, particularly mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), is better maintained with sevoflurane than isoflurane, thus requiring less pharmacological support. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical investigation. Animals Thirty-nine racehorses undergoing arthroscopy in lateral recumbency. METHODS: Horses were assigned to receive either isoflurane (n = ...
Duke T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of 64% nitrous oxide (N2O) on halothane (HAL), isoflurane (ISO) or sevoflurane (SEV) requirements in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Ninety, healthy dogs of (mean +/- SD) body weight 21.2 +/- 10.0 kg and age 17.8 +/- 22.8 months. MATERIALS ...
Sen Selda - - 2006
In this study, we measured the effects of spinal anesthesia on the corrected QT (QTc) interval in women with severe preeclampsia. Twenty-five preeclamptic (preeclamptic group) and 25 healthy pregnant women with normal arterial blood pressure and QTc interval (control group) were enrolled in this prospective, case-controlled study. Arterial blood pressure, ...
Pantaleon Lucas G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Small volume resuscitation has been advocated as a beneficial therapy for endotoxemia in horses but this therapy has not been investigated in a prospective manner. The objective of this study was to determine the cardiopulmonary effects of small-volume resuscitation using hypertonic saline solution (HSS) plus Hetastarch (HES) during experimental ...
Jetzek-Zader Martin - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relatively stable hemodynamics during spinal anesthesia in infants have been attributed to a less active sympathetic nervous system in comparison with adults. Thus, the authors evaluated sympathetic block primarily by measurement of skin temperature and secondarily by determination of noninvasive blood pressure as an indirect sign ...
Ozkose Zerrin - - 2006
The alpha2-agonist dexmedetomidine (Dex), a sedative and analgesic, reduces heart rate (HR) and blood pressure, and has been used in the practice of anesthesia. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of Dex on hemodynamic variables, anesthetic sparing effects, and recovery profiles in patients who underwent surgery in ...
Carregaro Adriano B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of buprenorphine on cardiopulmonary variables and on abdominal auscultation scores in horses. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult horses. PROCEDURES: Horses were restrained in stocks and allocated to 2 treatments in a randomized crossover design, with 1-week intervals between each treatment. Saline (0.9% NaCl) solution was administered ...
Paraskeva A - - 2006
AIM: Sevoflurane is recommended for inhalational induction of anesthesia. Physostigmine may antagonize general anesthetics. The study investigates sevoflurane as a single anesthetic and its possible antagonism by physostigmine. METHODS: In 60 women scheduled for breast lump excision, anesthesia was induced with 8% sevoflurane. After 3 min of sevoflurane inhalation, a ...
Gómez-Villamandos Rafael J - - 2006
The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of desflurane after induction of anesthesia with propofol in dogs sedated with romifidine or medetomidine. Each of 8 healthy dogs received intravenously, in random order, 3 preanesthetic protocols: romifidine, 40 microg/kg of body weight (BW) (R40); romifidine, 80 microg/kg BW ...
Nishikawa Koichi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the influence of sevoflurane on the bispectral index (BIS), regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)), and serum propofol concentration during propofol/N(2)O anesthesia. This study tested the hypothesis that sevoflurane affect BIS values, rSO(2), and the pharmacokinetics of propofol during propofol/ N(2)O anesthesia. METHODS: General ...
Guillaume C - - 2006
The only known bulk ambient pressure nickel nitride phase is hexagonal Ni(3)N (space group P6(3)22). Multianvil synthesis experiments at 20 GPa and 2000 K using nickel (Ni) and sodium azide (NaN(3)) starting materials, and ex situ analysis using transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy measurements show that this phase can be ...
Thörn K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Today sevoflurane is one of the most frequently used volatile anesthetics. The speed of induction can approach that of intravenous anesthetics, and case reports using sevoflurane induction for emergency anesthesia have been published. The purpose of this study in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients was to investigate the effects of sevoflurane ...
Steagall Paulo V M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the isoflurane-sparing effects of lidocaine and fentanyl administered by constant rate infusion (CRI) during surgery in dogs. DESIGN: Randomized prospective study. Animals-24 female dogs undergoing unilateral mastectomy because of mammary neoplasia. PROCEDURES: After premedication with acepromazine and morphine and anesthetic induction with ketamine and diazepam, anesthesia in ...
Hahn Robert G - - 2006
After hemorrhage, blood volume is partially restored by transcapillary refill, a process of spontaneous compensatory intravascular volume expansion that we hypothesized would be inhibited by anesthesia. Six chronically instrumented sheep were subjected to four randomly ordered experiments while conscious or during anesthesia with isoflurane. After plasma volume measurement (indocyanine green), ...
Nasu Ikuko - - 2006
Isoflurane improves outcome against cerebral ischemia in the rat. However, the optimal neuroprotective concentration has not been defined. We examined the effects of different isoflurane concentrations on outcome from severe forebrain ischemia in the rat. Fasted rats were subjected to 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, or 2.5 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) ...
Oku Kazuomi - - 2006
We examined the influence of propofol infusion on cardiovascular system at the rate of 0.14, 0.20 and 0.30 mg/kg/min in six adult Thoroughbred horses. The cardiovascular parameters were heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), mean right atrial pressure (MRAP), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), ...
Chumpathong Saowapark - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Spinal anesthesia is commonly used for cesarean section. Its major adverse effect is hypotension. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and risk factors of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The authors retrospectively reviewed anesthetic records of 991 patients who received ...
Knapik Małgorzata - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The combination of inhalational agents with moderate doses of fentanyl is popular in cardiac anesthesia. Remifentanil is a new opioid metabolized by non-specific esterases. The aim of our study was to assess whether remifentanil may be superior to fentanyl during isoflurane anesthesia for coronary artery surgery. MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty patients ...
Eades Susan C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in digital vascular function in horses with carbohydrate overload (CHO)-induced laminitis and determine the effects of an endothelin (ET) receptor antagonist and nitroglycerin on laminitis-associated vascular dysfunction. ANIMALS: 20 adult horses without abnormalities of the digit. PROCEDURES: Hemodynamic variables were recorded before (baseline) and hourly after ...
Dyson Doris H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular effects of dopamine and dobutamine infusions during nor-movolemia, hypovolemia (HV) through blood loss of 10 mL/kg (HV(10)), further loss to 25 mL/kg (HV(25)), and volume replacement (VR) in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs. ANIMALS: 7 healthy young dogs. PROCEDURES: Dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane 2 times (3 weeks ...
Hallowell Gayle D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypertonic saline and hydroxyethyl starches have been proposed as alternatives to isotonic crystalloids for reversal of hypovolemia in horses with colic. However, no direct comparison of these fluids has been performed in a clinical setting. HYPOTHESIS: Preoperative administration of hypertonic saline or pentastarch would produce similar effects on intra ...
Sigg Daniel C - - 2006
An in situ versus in vitro comparison of relative dose-dependent effects of halothane on cardiac performance was investigated, including ventricular systolic/diastolic function. Such comparative studies may be of interest to individuals working on heart failure models, cardiac device testing, or xenotransplantation. Normal swine (n=9) received halothane at levels of 0.25, ...
Fassoulaki Argyro - - 2006
We studied the effect of sevoflurane and desflurane on regional cerebral oxygenation (rSO2). Twenty-two patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy received sevoflurane and desflurane for 15 min each and 30 min apart under steady-state conditions in a randomized, crossover manner to maintain a bispectral index (BIS) of 40-50. In another 22 patients ...
Millenbaugh Nancy J - - 2006
Electromagnetic fields at millimeter wave lengths are being developed for commercial and military use at power levels that can cause temperature increases in the skin. Previous work suggests that sustained exposure to millimeter waves causes greater heating of skin, leading to faster induction of circulatory failure than exposure to environmental ...
Rasmussen Mads - - 2006
The effect of indomethacin in reducing intracranial pressure (ICP) may be dependent on the choice of anesthetic regimen. We studied the effects of indomethacin on ICP and cerebral blood flow (CBF) during isoflurane or propofol anesthesia in a sheep model of intracranial hypertension. A crossover design was applied in which ...
Borer Kate E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hyoscine has a sparing effect on the volume of dobutamine required to maintain mean arterial pressure (MAP) at 70 mmHg in horses anaesthetized with halothane. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS: Twenty adult horses weighing 507 +/- 97 kg (mean +/- SD), aged 10 ...
Kanemaru Yoshinori - - 2006
PURPOSE: A study was undertaken to compare the influence of midazolam, isoflurane, and aminophylline (which may antagonize anesthetic action) on bispectral index (BIS) and regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) during propofol/N(2)O anesthesia, and to test the hypothesis that the drug-induced changes in BIS values are accompanied by a change in ...
Yoo KyungYeon - - 2006
Neuraxial anesthesia decreases the minimum alveolar concentration. We determined the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI) on sevoflurane requirements and stress hormone response. Twenty-two chronic SCI patients undergoing surgery below the level of the injury were enrolled in the study, and 15 patients without cord injury served as control patients. ...
Fassoulaki A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several methods may enhance the inhalational induction of anesthesia. In this randomized double-blind study, we evaluated the speed of induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane with or without pre-oxygenation. METHODS: Fifty-four patients scheduled for hysteroscopy received for 10 min air or 100% oxygen via a facemask followed by > or ...
Sekimoto Kenichi - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to compare the influence of volatile anesthetics on transcranial motor-evoked potentials (tcMEP) in humans anesthetized with propofol/fentanyl/nitrous oxide and on partial neuromuscular blockade (NMB). The authors studied 35 ASA I and II patients who were undergoing elective craniotomy and brain tumor resection. The ...
Colombini Bella L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of the clinical efficacy of 4% articaine in relation to 2% mepivacaine, both with 1:100,000 epinephrine, in the prevention of postoperative pain after lower third molar removal. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients underwent removal of bilateral lower third molars under local anesthesia (articaine or mepivacaine) in 2 separate appointments, ...
Haga Henning A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of intratesticular administration of lidocaine on cardiovascular responses and cremaster muscle tension during castration of isoflurane-anesthetized stallions. ANIMALS: 28 healthy stallions (mean +/- SD age, 4.2 +/- 2.8 years) with no testicular abnormalities that were scheduled for castration. PROCEDURE: Each horse was given acepromazine (20 ...
Duke Tanya - - 2006
BACKGROUND: During an 8-year period of clinic improvements, an increased incidence of postanesthetic myopathy (PAM) was observed in horses undergoing anesthesia. A request was made for an independent anesthesiologist to examine possible reasons for this increase. Routine methods used for anesthesia were then compared with new methods introduced by the ...
Keegan Robert D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine cardiovascular effects of desflurane in mechanically ventilated calves. ANIMALS: 8 healthy male calves. PROCEDURE: Calves were anesthetized by face mask administration of desflurane to permit instrumentation. Administration of desflurane was temporarily discontinued until mean arterial blood pressure increased to >or= 100 mm Hg, at which time baseline ...
Tessier-Vetzel Dominique - - 2006
Postconditioning (PCD) is known to reduce infarct size (IS). Here, we investigated whether isoflurane, which is known to potentiate preconditioning, also potentiates PCD and whether NO is involved. Accordingly, open-chest rabbits underwent 30-minute coronary artery occlusion (CAO) followed by 3-hour coronary artery reperfusion (CAR). In control and postconditioned (4 cycles ...
Yang Xiao-Lin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: As in inhaled isoflurane anesthesia, when isoflurane lipid emulsion (ILE; 8%, vol/vol) is intravenously administered, the primary elimination route is through the lungs. This study was designed to determine the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) and the time course of washout of isoflurane for intravenously infused ILE by monitoring end-tidal ...
Harasawa Rei - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to clarify the clinical efficacy of landiolol, a selective beta(1)-blocker, in patients developing tachycardia during anesthesia. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, and placebo-controlled study. SETTING: A single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing resection of intracranial or maxillofacial tumors under general anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS: Intravenous bolus ...
Masui K - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Inhalation anaesthetics given only during post-ischaemic reperfusion have some protective effect against reperfusion injury in the heart. Adenosine triphosphate-regulated mitochondrial potassium channels have been shown to be an important mediator of cardioprotection. Thus, we investigated whether 5-hydroxydecanoate, a putative mitochondrial potassium channel blocker, prevents the cardioprotective effect ...
Oliveira Nilton E - - 2006
The anesthetic, ropivacaine, has been used extensively in clinical practice, but few studies have evaluated this long-acting local anesthetic in dentistry. In this study we evaluated the effects of ropivacaine alone and ropivacaine + vasoconstrictor on the cardiovascular system when used as a dental anesthetic in volunteers. Thirty-two healthy subjects ...
Iwade Motoyo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of dopamine and a new phosphodiesterase (PDE)-3 inhibitor, olprinone, on hemodynamics and myocardial energetics in dogs with acute myocardial depression. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. SETTING: University animal laboratory. SUBJECTS: Mongrel dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Eight open-chest, barbiturate-anesthetized dogs with instruments ...
Umehara Shino - - 2006
Sevoflurane depresses cardio-vagal baroreflex gain (ability of vagally mediated R-R interval response to arterial blood pressure change). We examined the effects of sevoflurane anesthesia on maximum buffering capacity of vagally mediated hemodynamic control (baroreflex range) by examining the entire stimulus-response baroreflex relation. Electrocardiogram and invasive arterial blood pressure were monitored ...
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