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Authier S - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Drug-induced cardiovascular effects identified in conscious cynomolgus monkeys equipped with tethers and prepared for radiotelemetry were compared with results from anesthetized non-human primate (cynomolgus and rhesus) models. METHODS: Remifentanil (4.0 microg/kg, bolus), esmolol (2.0 mg/kg, bolus) and dopamine (0.05 mg/kg/min, 30 min infusion) were given intravenously to all models. ...
You-Ten Kong Eric - - 2008
Introduction: Maintaining normal blood pressure (BP) in pregnant patients is important for normal placental blood flow and to avoid undesirable symptoms. Despite our practice to maintain normal baseline BP, hypotension remains the most common complication during Cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. We hypothesize that continuous monitoring of several cardiovascular hemodynamics ...
Yoo Kyung Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Autonomic hyperreflexia (AHR) is a potentially life-threatening hypertensive condition that occurs in patients with high spinal cord injury (SCI). The current study was aimed to determine sevoflurane concentrations that block AHR in SCI patients. METHODS: The study involved 28 patients with chronic, complete SCI scheduled to undergo transurethral litholapaxy ...
Eikermann Matthias - - 2008
Anesthesia impairs upper airway integrity, but recent data suggest that low doses of some anesthetics increase upper airway dilator muscle activity, an apparent paradox. The authors sought to understand which anesthetics increase or decrease upper airway dilator muscle activity and to study the mechanisms mediating the effect. The authors recorded ...
Peyton P J - - 2008
The rate of anaesthetic gas uptake from the breathing system has been extensively measured, but this does not reflect the true rate of early gas uptake by pulmonary blood, which drives inhalational induction of anaesthesia. In eight patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery, we measured the rate of alveolar-capillary uptake of ...
Barter L S - - 2008
Equilibration between delivered and effect site anesthetic partial pressure is slow in frogs. The use of less soluble agents or overpressure delivery may speed equilibration. Ten Northern leopard frogs were exposed to 3-4 constant concentrations of halothane, isoflurane or desflurane and their motor response to noxious electrical stimulation of the ...
Kuroda M - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adrenomedullin is a potent vasodilatory peptide. The mechanisms of adrenomedullin-induced responses are via guanine nucleotide guanosine 5'-triphosphate-binding protein (G-protein)-coupled receptor activation and are similar to those of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). Previously, we reported that sevoflurane and isoflurane inhibit CGRP-induced haemodynamic responses. The effects of volatile anaesthetics ...
Sandin M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to examine the level of unconsciousness measured with bispectral index (BIS) at different minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) levels of sevoflurane, and to study the hemodynamic and BIS reactions during noxious stimulation with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and an ice water pain ...
Wagner Ann E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether infusion of xylazine (XYL) and ketamine (KET) for 30 minutes after isoflurane administration in horses would result in improved quality of recovery from anesthesia, without detrimental cardiopulmonary changes. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded experimental trial. ANIMALS: Seven healthy adult horses aged 6.4 +/- 1.9 years and weighing ...
Allahyary Elaheh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: One of the hazards of general anesthesia for cesarean section (C/S) is the risk of intraoperative awareness with or without recall of the event. We examined the relationship between auditory evoked potential index (AAI), end-tidal isoflurane concentration and hemodynamic parameters to evaluate the adequacy of our routine general anesthetic ...
Grubb Tamara L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess physiologic responses and plasma endothelin (ET)-1 concentrations associated with abrupt cessation of nitric oxide (NO) inhalation in isoflurane-anesthetized horses. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult Standardbreds. PROCEDURES: Horses were anesthetized with isoflurane in oxygen and placed in dorsal recumbency. Nitric oxide was pulsed into the respiratory tract for 2.5 ...
Kaygusuz K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of remifentanil combined with desflurane or isoflurane on the quality of the operative field and surgical conditions, blood loss, and recovery during tympanoplasty or endoscopic sinus surgery. DESIGN: Randomised, double-blinded clinical study. SUBJECTS: Sixty-four patients were scheduled for elective tympanoplasty or endoscopic sinus surgery. The ...
Dilawar Nita - - 2008
We report Raman spectroscopic studies of the nanosized rare earth sesquioxides, namely yttrium sesquioxide (Y(2)O(3)), gadolinium sesquioxide (Gd(2)O(3)) and samarium sesquioxide (Sm(2)O(3)), under high pressure. The samples were characterized using x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy at atmospheric pressures. Y(2)O(3) and Gd(2)O(3) were found to be cubic at ...
Blissitt Karen J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the haemodynamic effects of halothane and isoflurane with spontaneous and controlled ventilation in dorsally recumbent horses undergoing elective surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: Twenty-five adult horses, body mass 487 kg (range: 267-690). METHODS: Horses undergoing elective surgery in dorsal recumbency were randomly assigned to ...
Larenza M P - - 2008
We report the use of a balanced anesthetic technique in a three-year-old, female Huacaya alpaca with an increased anesthetic risk that underwent an extensive dental surgery. Anesthesia was provided with an infusion of midazolam, fentanyl, S-ketamine and low concentrations of isoflurane in oxygen. The mandibular alveolar nerve was desensitized with ...
Somboonviboon Wanna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypotension or bradycardia after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section remain common and are serious complications. The current study evaluated factors associated to the incidences of hypotension or bradycardia in this context. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective cross sectional study from November 1, 2004 to July 31, 2005 was conducted ...
Dalal Priti G - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the cardiovascular effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane at minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) = 1 in children with congenital heart disease using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. DESIGN: Randomized, crossover, single-blinded study. SETTING: Tertiary-care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 10 pediatric patients with congenital heart diseases scheduled to undergo cardiac ...
Malavasi L M - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the changes in minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane after treatment with medetomidine and tiletamine/zolazepam (MTZ), epidural morphine or systemic buprenorphine in 11 healthy crossbred pigs. The first part of this study was to measure the baseline values in pigs induced with ...
Buitrago Sandra - - 2008
Four combinations of drugs--ketamine-xylazine, ketamine-xylazine-acepromazine (KXA), ketamine-xylazine-buprenorphine, and ketamine-xylazine-carprofen--were compared for their ability to produce anesthesia in BALB/c mice. Induction time, anesthetic duration, blood pressure, pulse rate, and time to recovery were recorded. The anesthesia induced by each anesthetic combination was assessed by using reflex responses to standardized stimuli. The ...
Joyner Priscilla H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare induction and recovery characteristics and cardiopulmonary effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane in bald eagles. Animals-17 healthy adult bald eagles. PROCEDURES: Anesthesia was induced with isoflurane or sevoflurane delivered in oxygen via a facemask in a crossover design with 4 weeks between treatments. Eagles were intubated, allowed to ...
Garutti Ignacio - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epinephrine is often added to local anesthetic solutions to minimize and slow the systemic absorption of local anesthetics, and thus reduce the possibility of adverse effects of these drugs. In an earlier study we found that the injection of 5 mg/kg of lidocaine via the paravertebral route ...
Hashimoto Hiroshi - - 2008
A 75-year-old female patient underwent right vitrectomy under total intravenous anesthesia with propofol, ketamine and fentanyl. During the surgery sudden severe bradycardia (heart rate, 33 beats per min), without hypotension, occurred, which was relatively atropine-insensitive. This event was accompanied by a marked decrease in the bispectral index (BIS), from 70 ...
Royse Colin Forbes - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Propofol, sevoflurane, and desflurane may cause hemodynamic compromise during anesthesia and critical care management. The aim of the study was to compare these anesthetics during increased dose and recovery to maintenance level. METHODS: Anesthetized, open-chest New Zealand White rabbits were used to acquire dose-response curves with sevoflurane, desflurane, and ...
Endo Tatsuo - - 2008
Intraligamentary anesthesia was described in France early in the 20th century as a novel and effective method of dental local anesthesia, but the method did not become established because of the inadequacy of dental instruments available at the time. Today, the use of a state-of-the-art armamentarium and the administration of ...
Kadoi Yuji - - 2008
PURPOSE: The use of volatile anesthetics is reportedly related to altered cerebrovascular carbon dioxide (CO2) reactivity. We examined the comparative effects of sevoflurane versus isoflurane on cerebrovascular CO2 reactivity in patients with previous stroke. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with previous stroke and 20 patients without previous stroke (serving as controls) were ...
Kerr Carolyn L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cardiopulmonary effects of administration of a solution of xylazine, guaifenesin, and ketamine (XGK) or inhaled isoflurane in mechanically ventilated calves undergoing surgery. ANIMALS: 13 male calves 2 to 26 days of age. Procedures-In calves in the XGK group, anesthesia was induced (0.5 mL/kg) and maintained (2.5 ...
Bellei Maria Helena M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe management of anesthesia for transvenous electrical cardioversion (TVEC) in horses and report perianesthetic complications. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 62 horses with atrial fibrillation and without underlying cardiac disease and 60 horses without atrial fibrillation. PROCEDURES: Medical records of horses with atrial fibrillation anesthetized for TVEC were ...
Seddighi Mohammad Reza - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate some of the clinical and laboratory parameters following diazepam-acepromazine, thiopental, and halothane anesthesia in Caspian ponies. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. ANIMALS: Six healthy Caspian ponies of both sexes, aged 11 +/- 3 years and weighing 318 +/- 71 kg. METHODS: The ponies were pre-medicated with diazepam ...
Chu Li-Chuan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: During spinal anesthesia, hemodynamic status is routinely monitored, but this may not give an accurate assessment of cerebral oxygenation. Cerebral oximetry, facilitated by using a near-infrared spectroscope, is a way of estimating regional cerebral oxygen saturation (SrO2). We designed this prospective clinical study to determine whether the changes in ...
Matsuda Yoshikazu - - 2007
KNI-472 is the first anesthetic system for mice and rats to incorporate a ventilator. It consists of a newly developed syringe pump-type vaporizer and gas monitor that can deliver accurate concentrations of anesthetic gas at an extremely low airflow. In this study, we compared the hemodynamic effects of isoflurane anesthesia ...
Peyton Philip J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Measurement of the partial pressure of volatile anesthetics in blood is usually done using a "headspace equilibration" method with gas chromatography. However, it is not often performed in clinical studies because of the technical, equipment, and logistic requirements. To improve the accessibility of this measurement, we tested the use ...
Reis Marcos Batista - - 2007
Although cardiovascular effects of cocaine have been well studied, little is known about its effects on splanchnic perfusion. We studied systemic and regional hemodynamic effects of acute cocaine intoxication in dogs under volatile anesthesia. Mechanically ventilated beagle dogs, randomized at 1.5% halothane (n = 7) or 2.25% sevoflurane (n = ...
Paisansathan Chanannait - - 2007
We evaluated cardiac vagal activity during sevoflurane anesthesia in neurosurgical patients. Heart rate variability was determined by power spectral analysis and entropy with the patient awake and during sevoflurane anesthesia. High frequency power (0.15-0.50 Hz) and heart rate entropy decreased during sevoflurane and these effects were significantly correlated (r = ...
Kadoi Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane has been shown to have different effects on cerebrovascular CO(2) reactivity in comparison with isoflurane. In this study, the comparative effects of sevoflurane vs. isoflurane on cerebrovascular CO(2) reactivity were examined in patients with hypertension. METHODS: Fifty patients, 30 hypertensive and 20 normotensive, were included in this study. ...
Hofmeister Erik H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine cardiovascular responses to administration of butorphanol in isoflurane-anesthetized horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of anesthetic records. ANIMALS: Seventy-six horses anesthetized for a variety of clinical surgical procedures. METHODS: Anesthetic records of clinical equine patients anesthetized between January 1999 and December 2003 were searched. The records were reviewed ...
Boscan Pedro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the changes in colloid osmotic pressure (COP) in horses undergoing surgery for colic. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical evaluation. ANIMALS: Twenty-nine adult horses presented for emergency laparotomy. METHODS: Horses were premedicated with intravenous (IV) xylazine and anesthesia was induced with ketamine, diazepam and guaifenesin and was maintained with ...
Schauvliege Stijn - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Enoximone is a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor frequently used to improve cardiac output (CO) in man. As the use of enoximone has not been reported in horses, the effects of this inodilator were examined in isoflurane anaesthetized ponies. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, experimental study. ANIMALS: Six healthy ponies, weighing 286 ...
Fippel Antje - - 2007
Hyperthermia induces tumor cell death by a spectrum of tumor tissue changes. As whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) can cause cardiovascular complications, especially when cardiotoxic cytostatic agents are administered, invasive cardiovascular monitoring during WBH is necessary. WBH requires a great deal of expenditure and bears the risk of severe toxicity. Furthermore cardiovascular ...
Ishikawa Yumi - - 2007
The objective of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamics of the anesthetic isoflurane in healthy cats given angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI). The 7 healthy young cats and 3 old cats were received placebo or enalapril 0.5 mg/kg orally. The change in systolic arterial pressure from the baseline to 30 ...
Paisansathan Chanannait - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although intracranial tumors may affect autonomic function, there are few reports of autonomic changes during anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate autonomic effects of anesthesia in patients with brain tumors compared to neurosurgical controls. METHODS: Two groups were evaluated: group 1 = 10 neurosurgical patients undergoing ...
La Colla L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare desflurane vs sevoflurane kinetics and dynamics in morbidly obese patients and their recovery profile when no premedication had been used. METHODS: Twenty-eight unpremedicated obese patients were randomly allocated to receive either sevoflurane (n = 14) or desflurane (n = 14) as ...
Monsel Antoine - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is thought that pediatric epidural anesthesia (EA) provides hemodynamic stability in children. However, when compared with information relating to adults, little is known about the hemodynamic effects of epidural EA on cardiac output (CO) in infants. METHODS: Using transesophageal Doppler to monitor CO, we prospectively studied 14 infants ...
Boutureira Joseph - - 2007
An 8-year-old mixed-breed dog was anesthetized for colonoscopy. Moderate sedation was produced by premedication with glycopyrrolate, acepromazine, and hydromorphone, and anesthesia was induced by IV injection of diazepam and ketamine. Frothy, reddish-colored fluid flowed from the endotracheal tube immediately after endotracheal intubation but ceased after several minutes. Furosemide was injected ...
Rossetti Renata B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the quality of induction and recovery, degree of muscle relaxation, clinically apparent potency and cardiopulmonary effects of racemic ketamine or S(+)-ketamine when used for total intravenous anesthesia in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial ANIMALS: Sixteen healthy stallions (323 +/- 99 kg), with a mean age ...
Garcia-Pereira Fernando L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of intravenous (IV) butorphanol on the cardiopulmonary system and on the bispectral index (BIS) in isoflurane-anesthetized alpacas. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded cross-over experimental trial. ANIMALS: Eight healthy, young (3 +/- 1 SD years) adult female alpacas weighing 64 +/- 9 SD kg. METHODS: Alpacas were ...
Kimme P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The ability of the brain to preserve adequate cerebral blood flow (CBF) during alterations in systemic perfusion pressure is of fundamental importance. At increasing concentrations, isoflurane and sevoflurane have been known to alter CBF, which may be disadvantageous for patients with increased intracranial pressure. The aim was to examine ...
Bauer Andreas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Orthotopic pig-to-baboon xenogeneic heart transplantation (oXHTx) is the only accepted preclinical animal model for cardiac xenotransplantation. We compared the hemodynamic stability of a propofol- and isoflurane-based anesthetic regimen during oXHTx. METHODS: Hearts from 12 hDAF or hCD46 transgenic pigs (Sus scrofa; body weight 7 to 32 kg) were transplanted ...
Boscan Pedro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in colloid osmotic pressure (COP) and total protein concentrations during routine general anesthesia in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical study. ANIMALS: Twelve adult healthy horses aged 9.1 +/- 4.7 years and weighing 474 +/- 79 kg presented for elective surgery and 14 adult horses aged ...
Horiuchi Toshinori - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The influence of sensor dislocation on bispectral index (BIS) values is not clear. We compared the BIS values obtained from dislocated sensors with those from the commercially recommended positions. METHODS: We used two BIS sensors for each patient receiving propofol-based anesthesia; one in the recommended position and one positioned ...
Jankovic R J - - 2007
The case of a patient who insisted on urgent surgical removal of a pheochromocytoma is presented. Rapid preparation started with continuous infusion of urapidil 3 days before surgery. On the evening before the operation, an additional infusion of magnesium sulphate was started. The target of preoperative optimization was to maintain ...
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