Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1444
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Mama K R - - 1999
To determine the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane (ISO) in llamas. Prospective study. Eight adult neutered male llamas (9 +/- 1 years [x +/- SD], 177 +/- 29 kg). Anesthesia was induced and maintained in otherwise unmedicated llamas with a mixture of ISO in oxygen administered through a standard ...
Dupont J - - 1999
We have studied maintenance and recovery profiles after general anaesthesia with sevoflurane, desflurane and isoflurane in 100 patients undergoing pulmonary surgery. End-tidal concentrations of anaesthetic required to maintain mean arterial pressure and heart rate within 20% of baseline values were 1.4 +/- 0.6% for sevoflurane, 3.4 +/- 0.9% for desflurane ...
Hom Gary J. - - 1999
The rhesus monkey is often used in pre-clinical research, and such studies frequently involve a variety of anesthetic conditions. Therefore, it is important to determine baseline physiologic blood chemistry and cardiovascular parameters in anesthetized animals to facilitate appropriate comparisons. The present study compares the cardiovascular parameters, hematology, serum chemistry, and ...
Farber N E - - 1999
Halothane attenuates the alterations in arterial pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) produced by central nervous svstem (CNS) stimulation. We examined the effects of the alpha2-adrenergic agonist dexmedetomidine, with and without halothane, on cardiovascular regulation during CNS pressor site stimulation in chronically instrumented cats. Stimuli trains via bipolar stimulating electrodes ...
Schmeling W T - - 1999
The sedative and anesthetic-sparing ability of the alpha2-adrenergic agonist dexmedetomidine is well documented. In this study, we identified the effects of halothane, with and without dexmedetomidine, on hemodynamic and electroencephalographic (EEG) variables and quantified the concentration of halothane resulting in various anesthetic depth indices mediated through the central nervous system ...
Nakayama M - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of propofol and thiamylal on the hyperdynamic circulatory response caused by a rapid increase in isoflurane concentration. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. SETTING: Operating rooms of a university hospital. PATIENTS: 30 ASA physical status I adult patients scheduled for elective surgery with general anesthesia. ...
Fassoulaki A - - 1999
In a cross-over study, we compared two methods of assessing the level of sensory block during subarachnoid anesthesia: the traditional pinprick sensation or a novel pressure palpator exerting a pressure of 650 g. Fifty patients scheduled for transurethral surgery under subarachnoid anesthesia were randomly assigned to be tested for spread ...
Torske K E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiovascular effects of epidurally administered oxymorphone (OXY) and an OXY-bupivacaine combination (O/B) in halothane-anesthetized dogs. ANIMALS: 6 dogs. PROCEDURE: In a randomized crossover design study, dogs were anesthetized with halothane and given OXY, O/B, and saline solution (SAL). Eucapnia and end-tidal halothane concentration of 1.2% were established. ...
Summors A C - - 1999
We investigated dynamic cerebral pressure autoregulation awake and during 1.5 minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration (MAC) sevoflurane or isoflurane anesthesia in 16 patients undergoing nonintracranial neurosurgical procedures. All patients received a standardized anesthetic, and their lungs were ventilated with 1.5 MAC volatile anesthetic in 100% oxygen to normocapnia. Routine monitors included ...
Walpole R - - 1999
We have conducted a randomized, double-blind comparison of 4% and 8% sevoflurane for induction of anaesthesia in unpremedicated patients aged more than 60 yr. Sevoflurane was inhaled in 50% nitrous oxide using a vital capacity breath technique, and mean, systolic and diastolic arterial pressures and heart rate were monitored continuously ...
Flecknell P A - - 1999
The effects of induction of anaesthesia with sevoflurane and isoflurane were studied in rabbits. All rabbits had periods of apnoea (ranging from 30-180 s) during induction which resulted in moderate hypercapnia and acidosis. Arterial pCO2 rose from 4.1 +/- 0.3 kPa to a peak of 7.6 +/- 0.4 kPa (mean ...
Chari P - - 1999
Twenty three adult patients with ischaemic heart disease undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery were studied. Induction of anaesthesia was similar for each patient and included thiopentone (4-5 mg/kg), morphine (0.1 mg/kg) and vecuronium (0.1 mg/kg). Additional morphine and vecuronium were used when necessary. All these patients were maintained with either sevoflurane ...
Kikuta Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND: In our animal study, it was revealed that diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A:F-1500) has a dose-dependent hypotension effect of up to 60% decrease in mean arterial pressure compared to control value. Furthermore, in healthy male volunteers, the safety of Ap4A up to 4 mg.min-1 was confirmed. In patients who require surgical ...
Middlehurst R J - - 1999
As part of a large pragmatic study, the authors investigated heart rate, blood pressure, dysrhythmic and ischemic responses to lidocaine 2% with a combination vasoconstrictor (noradrenaline 1:50,000 and vasopressin 0.25 IU/mL), and midazolam sedation in a medically compromised population. There were anesthesia-induced physiological changes to both hemodynamics and the electrocardiogram. ...
Joris J L - - 1999
We investigated hemodynamics and plasma catecholamine concentrations in eight consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy for suspected pheochromocytoma. The same anesthesia protocol was used in all patients: a continuous infusion of sufentanil 0.5 microg x kg(-1) x h(-1) and isoflurane 0.4% (end-tidal) in 50% N2O/O2. Systolic arterial pressure was maintained between ...
Tetzlaff J E - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate heart rate (HR) variability in the prone position with power spectral heart rate (PSHR) analysis during spinal and general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective, clinical evaluation of HR variability in the prone position. SETTING: Tertiary care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 20 healthy, ASA physical status I and II patients ...
Lüebbe A S - - 1998
AIM: To test if anesthetic procedures change the hemodynamic pattern in animals with experimental septic shock. METHODS: The effect of two anesthetics on systemic hemodynamic and skeletal muscle microcirculatory responses in high cardiac output live E. coli bacteremia was studied in rats and compared to the effect of two other ...
Segawa H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Suppression of hypertensive response to noxious stimulation by volatile anesthetics may be a result of suppression of the stimulation-induced norepinephrine response or that of the cardiovascular response to catecholamines, or both. The suppression of the cardiovascular response is established, but that of norepinephrine response has not been confirmed. The ...
Wang J Y - - 1998
We have compared the effects of sevoflurane and isoflurane on arterial oxygenation, heart rate and mean arterial pressure during one lung anaesthesia in a prospective, crossover study. We studied 28 patients undergoing oesophagogastrectomy, allocated alternatively to one of two groups. Patients in group I/S (n = 14) received 1 MAC ...
Dexter F - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated whether automated anesthesia information systems can be used to calculate reference limits (population-based "normal values") for vital signs. We considered four populations of women undergoing cesarean section: healthy under spinal anesthesia, healthy under general anesthesia, pre-eclamptic/eclamptic under spinal anesthesia, and pre-eclamptic/eclamptic under general anesthesia. METHODS: Reference limits ...
Takakura K - - 1998
PURPOSE: Rapid increase in inspired isoflurane concentration increases heart rate and arterial blood pressure. To investigate whether the responses to isoflurane were elicited from stimulation of lower airway and/or lungs, haemodynamic responses to isoflurane administered after tracheal intubation were measured with or without endotracheal or intravenous administration of lidocaine. METHODS: ...
Michaloudis D - - 1998
The effects of halothane and isoflurane followed by subsequent administration of vecuronium on the QT interval have been investigated during the induction of anaesthesia. Fifty-eight children, ASA I, without cardiovascular and electrolyte abnormalities and not receiving any medication were studied. Anaesthesia was induced with either halothane (n = 28) or ...
Satoh D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction has an important role in human one-lung ventilation (OLV) in the lateral decubitus position under general anesthesia. During OLV, inhalational anesthesia may inhibit hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction and the decrease in arterial oxygenation. We studied the effect of isoflurane administration on arterial oxygen tension in chronic obstructive ...
Takeda S - - 1998
PURPOSE: Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) produces vasodilatation, hypotension, and tachycardia. Tachycardia induced by CGRP may be due to sympathetic activation. Volatile anaesthetics attenuate activation of arterial baroreflexes. We examined the haemodynamic and endocrine effects of CGRP infusion (4 micrograms.kg-1) during anaesthesia with either enflurane or isoflurane in dogs. METHODS: Measurements ...
Aono H - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the stress hormone responses during laparoscopic cholecystectomy during general anesthesia, general anesthesia supplemented by fentanyl, and general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical study. SETTING: Operating rooms at a municipal hospital. PATIENTS: 52 ASA physical status I and II patients. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Hikasa Y - - 1998
Effects of prolonged sevoflurane, isoflurane and halothane anaesthesia in oxygen on clinical, cardiopulmonary, haematologic, and serum biochemical findings were compared in healthy, premedicated cats breathing spontaneously during 6 h of anaesthesia using rebreathing (semi-closed circuit) or non-rebreathing (Bain coaxial circuit) system. Recovery from anaesthesia with sevoflurane was more rapid than ...
Deem S L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate anesthetic and cardiorespiratory effects of an intramuscular injection of a tiletamine-zolazepam-medetomidine combination in cheetahs. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 17 adult captive cheetahs. PROCEDURE: The anesthetic combination was administered intramuscularly via a dart. Induction quality, duration of lateral recumbency, duration of recovery, and quality of anesthetic reversal with ...
Rentero N - - 1998
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) controls the vascular system. It may contribute to postoperative hypertension observed upon emergence from anesthesia. This structure contains adrenergic cardiovascular neurons. Therefore, one question was addressed: does a change in RVLM catechol activity occur upon emergence from anesthesia? Halothane-anesthetized, paralyzed rats had their ventilatory, circulatory, ...
Hikasa Y - - 1998
The anesthetic potency and cardiopulmonary effects of sevoflurane were compared with those of isoflurane and halothane in goats. The (mean +/- SD) minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) was 0.96 +/- 0.12% for halothane, 1.29 +/- 0.11% for isoflurane, and 2.33 +/- 0.15% for sevoflurane. Cardiopulmonary effects of sevoflurane, halothane and isoflurane ...
Pagel P S - - 1998
We tested the hypothesis that desflurane (DES) and isoflurane (ISO) produce similar effects on systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics and arterial oxygenation before, during, and after one-lung ventilation (OLV) in patients undergoing thoracotomy. After obtaining informed consent, anesthesia was induced with sodium thiopental or thiamylal, fentanyl, and vecuronium in 61 ASA ...
Vagts D A - - 1998
The rate of uptake of sevoflurane during clinical anaesthesia (1.3 MAC) was measured by computer-controlled injection of liquid anaesthetic into a closed breathing system. The cumulative uptake of sevoflurane was 4.8 ml, 7.4 ml, 9.5 ml and 11.5 ml at 30, 60, 90 and 120 min, respectively. The ratio of ...
Eger E I EI - - 1998
The discovery of ether anesthesia made modern surgery possible. Successive improvements produced today's inhaled anesthetics, compounds that allow precise control over the anesthetic state without compromising safety. Such control extends to induction and maintenance of, and recovery from, anesthesia. The greatest emphasis is on the last, particularly the rapid recovery ...
Avramov M N - - 1998
We evaluated the effect of the fresh gas flow (FGF) rate and the anesthetic technique on the ability to control the acute hyperdynamic response to a specific surgical stimulus during surgery in 90 consenting ASA physical status I-III patients undergoing lower abdominal procedures. After the administration of midazolam 2 mg ...
Ross S A - - 1998
The protective efficacy of halogenated anaesthetics on myocardial injury has never been compared during early reperfusion and late reperfusion in an in vivo animal model. We compared recovery of left ventricular function under isoflurane (0.5 MAC) and halothane (0.5 MAC) anaesthesia after a brief period of regional ischaemia (15 min) ...
Pagel P S - - 1998
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that thiopentone, propofol, and etomidate alter the coronary vascular effects of abruptly administered isoflurane. METHODS: Dogs (n = 6) received inspired isoflurane 5% in the presence of thiopentone (20 mg.kg-1 induction dose and 20 mg.kg-1.hr-1 infusion), propofol (5 mg.kg-1 induction dose and 40 mg.kg-1.hr-1 infusion), ...
Koblin D D - - 1998
We assessed the anesthetic properties of helium and neon at hyperbaric pressures by testing their capacity to decrease anesthetic requirement for desflurane using electrical stimulation of the tail as the anesthetic endpoint (i.e., the minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration [MAC]) in rats. Partial pressures of helium or neon near those predicted ...
Arndt J O - - 1998
We studied the time course of arterial hypotension and/or bradycardia requiring treatment during spinal anesthesia and compared the efficacy of i.v. fluid or vasoconstrictor administration for the prevention of these side effects. Patients (n = 1066) were randomly allocated to either a volume group (lactated Ringer's solution 15 mL/kg within ...
Brown K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This study compared the respiratory effects of sevoflurane with those of halothane in anesthetized infants and young children. METHODS: Infants were randomized to receive 1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) halothane or sevoflurane in a mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen. Anesthetic management included the use of a laryngeal mask. ...
Bundgaard H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Studies concerning the cerebrovascular effects of sevoflurane in patients with space-occupying lesions are few. This study was carried out as a dose-response study comparing the effects of increasing sevoflurane concentration (1.5% (0.7 MAC) to 2.5% (1.3 MAC)) on cerebral blood flow (CBF), intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebrovascular resistance (CVR), metabolic ...
Tanaka M - - 1998
During isoflurane anesthesia, an epinephrine-containing test dose produces unreliable heart rate (HR) responses with a high incidence of hypertension, whereas an isoproterenol-containing test dose results in a high incidence of hypotension. We designed this study to determine whether different combination doses of epinephrine and isoproterenol produce reliable HR changes without ...
Keller C - - 1998
PURPOSE: To compare patient outcomes for positive pressure ventilation (PPV) and spontaneous ventilation (SV) in non-paralysed patients with the LMA using either isoflurane or sevoflurane anaesthesia. METHODS: One hundred and sixty four adult patients were studied. Anaesthesia was with fentanyl/propofol and N2O 66% in O2 with 0.75 MAC isoflurane or ...
Ebert T J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Increasing concentrations of desflurane result in progressive decreases in blood pressure (BP) and, unlike other currently marketed, potent volatile anesthetics, heightened sympathetic nervous system activity. This study aimed to determine whether baroreflex mechanisms are involved in desflurane-mediated sympathetic excitation. METHODS: Healthy volunteers were anesthetized with desflurane (n = 8) ...
Halliburton J R - - 1998
The possibility of awareness during general anesthesia causes apprehension for the patient and the Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA). The goals of general anesthesia are to prevent the sensation of pain and produce a state of sedation, hypnosis, and unconsciousness so the patient will not remember the surgical procedure. An ...
Eger E I EI - - 1998
Uptake of inhaled anesthetics may be measured as the amount of anesthetic infused to maintain a constant alveolar concentration of anesthetic. This method assumes that the patient absorbs all of the infused anesthetic, and that none is lost to circuit components. Using a standard anesthetic circuit with a 3-L rebreathing ...
Golden A L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cardiovascular effects of the alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist medetomidine in healthy cats anesthetized with 2% isoflurane. ANIMALS: 11 clinically normal cats. PROCEDURE: Cats were anesthetized with isoflurane, and catheters were inserted for measurement of aortic, left ventricular, and right atrial pressures. For data collection, end-tidal isoflurane concentration ...
Piriou V - - 1998
Nicorandil, a new KATP channel opener, is used in clinical practice for anti-anginal therapy. It exhibits vasodilator properties as does the halogenated anaesthetic isoflurane. We have examined the cardiovascular effects of increasing concentrations of isoflurane after administration of nicorandil in 10 adult beagle dogs anaesthetized with thiopental and whose lungs ...
Nakayama M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of sevoflurane and desflurane anesthesia on the pulmonary vasodilator response to the adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel agonist, lemakalim, compared with the response measured in the conscious state. In addition, the authors assessed the extent to which sympathetic alpha1-adrenoreceptor inhibition ...
Dahm S L - - 1998
The isoflurane-saving and CO2-retaining effects of a charcoal filter were compared with a Siemens standard heat and moisture (HME) exchanger and an emptied specimen (dummy). Isoflurane was delivered during the inspiratory phase and consumption investigated at 10, 15 and 25 cycles min-1. The investigation was performed by ventilation with humidified ...
Mapleson W W - - 1998
A spreadsheet model of a circle breathing system and a 70-kg anaesthetised 'standard man' has been used to simulate the first 20 min of low-flow anaesthesia with halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane in oxygen. It is shown that, with the fresh-gas flow set initially equal to the total ventilation ...
Rosenberg J M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of neurogenic control on adrenal secretion in a canine model of high spinal anesthesia and cardiac arrest. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, acute intensive study. SETTING: University intensive care laboratory. SUBJECTS: Nineteen healthy, anesthetized, mongrel dogs. INTERVENTIONS: Cardiac arrest was induced in 11 spinally anesthetized dogs and ...
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