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Thomson Benjamin K A BK Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, London Health Sciences Centre and Western University, London, Ontario, Canada; Kidney Clinical Research Unit, London Health Sciences Centre and Western University, London, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in hemodialysis patients. A chronic state of volume and pressure overload contributes, and central to this is the net sodium balance over the course of a hemodialysis. Of recent interest is the contribution of the dialysate sodium concentration (Dial-Na+) to clinical outcomes. ...
Alderman Michael H MH Departments of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY - - 2014
Few nutrient intake recommendations become subjects of heated scientific debate, but sodium is 1 of them. In the absence of sufficient clinical trials focused on sodium intake and health outcomes, studies that used the surrogate marker of blood pressure have been used to support extreme sodium reduction. Under tightly controlled ...
Perez Vanessa V Exponent, Inc., Chicago, IL; and - - 2014
The potential cost-effectiveness and feasibility of dietary interventions aimed at reducing hypertension risk are of considerable interest and significance in public health. In particular, the effectiveness of restricted sodium or increased potassium intake on mitigating hypertension risk has been demonstrated in clinical and observational research. The role that modified sodium ...
Masana Marcelo Oscar MO Instituto Tecnología de Alimentos, Centro de Investigación de Agroindustria, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), CC. 77, B1708WAB, Morón, Pcia. de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2015
High-pressure treatments (400 and 600 MPa) combined with the addition of sodium lactate (1 and 3%) were tested to reduce Escherichia coli O157:H7 (STEC O157) and spoilage microbiota contamination in a manufactured cured beef carpaccio in fresh or frozen conditions. Counts of spoilage microorganisms and STEC O157 were also examined during ...
Elfassy Tali - - 2014
The Nutrition Facts (NF) label was established to help individuals monitor their nutrient intake and select healthier foods. This tool is particularly useful for individuals for whom dietary improvements are recommended, such as those with hypertension. Study objectives were to examine the independent association between hypertension and frequency of use ...
Giménez Belén B Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA), CONICET, Fac. de Cs Exactas, UNLP, 47 y 116, La Plata 1900, - - 2014
The use of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on fresh beef causes a deleterious effect on red colour. A beef product subjected to HHP exhibiting acceptable colour and microbiological stability was developed; the process requires as a first step the immersion in a preservative solution containing ascorbic acid, sodium nitrite, and ...
Amar Laurence L L Amar, Hypertension unit, Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Paris and University Paris-Descartes, Paris, - - 2014
Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists have been used in patients with aldosterone-producing adenomas as a test designed to predict the blood pressure outcome of surgery. They are routinely used in candidates for adrenalectomy to reduce blood pressure and increase plasma potassium levels during the preoperative period. A small number of studies have ...
Hyde Embriette R ER Integrative Molecular and Biomedical Sciences Training Program, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030; Alkek Center for Metagenomics and Microbiome Research, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX - - 2014
The nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway to nitric oxide (NO) production is a symbiotic pathway in mammals that is dependent on nitrate reducing oral commensal bacteria. Studies suggest that by contributing NO to the mammalian host, the oral microbiome helps maintain cardiovascular health. To begin to understand how changes in oral microbiota affect ...
O'Donnell Martin M Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada, - - 2014
Sodium is an essential nutrient, mostly ingested as salt (sodium chloride). Average sodium intake ranges from 3 to 6 g per day (7.5-15 g/day of salt) in most countries, with regional variations. Increasing levels of sodium intake have a positive association with higher blood pressure. Randomized controlled trials report a reduction in ...
Koo Ho Seok HS 0000-0001-7856-8083 Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ; The Research Institute for Salt and Health, Seongnam, - - 2014
We investigated the association between 24-hr urinary sodium (24UNA) and adequacy of blood pressure (BP) control in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and nonCKD. All data were collected retrospectively by accessing the electrical medical records in patients with 24-hr urine collection and serum creatinine. Enrolled 400 subjects were subgrouped ...
Lee Jeonghwan J 0000-0003-3199-635X Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
The relationship between salt intake and adequate blood pressure control is not well investigated in Korea populations, especially in patients with cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study enrolled 19,083 subjects who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted from 2009-2011. The amount of salt intake was estimated ...
Singer Pamela P Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York; - - 2014
Although higher sodium intake is known to increase blood pressure, its association with cardiovascular mortality is less established. We examined the association of baseline sodium intake in a hypertensive cohort with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality over a mean follow-up of 18.6 years. Three thousand five hundred five subjects were participants ...
Taghavi Sharven S From the Department of Surgery (S.T., S.N.J., L.M.F., R.E.M., J.D., L.O.S., A.P., J.F.R., T.A.S., A.J.G.), Biostatistics Consulting Center (J.P.G.), and Cardiovascular Research Center (S.T., S.R.H.), School of Medicine (H.V., C.M.), Temple University, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Many penetrating trauma patients in severe hemorrhagic shock receive positive pressure ventilation (PPV) upon transport to definitive care, either by intubation (INT) or bag-valve mask (BVM). Using a swine hemorrhagic shock model that simulates penetrating trauma, we proposed that severely injured patients may have better outcomes with "permissive hypoventilation," where ...
Wang Weiyu W Weiyu Wang, Department of Neurosurgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou 310014, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of blood pressure levels on prognosis of intracranial trauma patients with cognitive dysfunction. One hundred and twenty intracranial trauma patients enrolled in our hospital from February 2011 to July 2013 were selected, including 40 hypertension and 80 non-hypertension cases. They were investigated by MiniMental State Examination ...
Cathcart Curtis C CC *Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA; †Department of Upper Extremity and Micro Surgery, Athens Orthopedic Clinic, Athens GA; and ‡Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, Landstuhl, - - 2014
To correlate near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and the tibial intracompartmental perfusion pressure (TIPP) in an acute limb compartmental syndrome. Landrace swine were subdivided into 2 groups: plasma infusion (n = 16) and blunt trauma plus plasma infusion (n = 15). NIRS sensors were placed over the craniolateral muscle compartment of proximal ...
Cohall D H DH Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, Barbados. - - 2014
Recent nutritional profiles of dietary intake have indicated a shift from the ancient diet to the Western diet. The ancient diet provided a high potassium and low sodium intake, which in turn leads to sodium conservation and potassium excretion. This change in the dietary intake is expected to affect potassium ...
Johnson Jillian A JA Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, - - 2014
Blunted blood pressure (BP) dipping during nighttime sleep has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Psychological traits have been associated with prolonged cardiovascular activation and a lack of cardiovascular recovery. This activation may extend into nighttime sleep and reduce BP dipping. This study aims to evaluate the ...
Das Satarupa S Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Administration of exogenous L-Arginine (L-Arg) attenuates Angiotensin II (AngII)-mediated hypertension and kidney disease in rats. The present study assessed renal hemodynamics and pressure-diuresis-natriuresis in anesthetized rats infused with vehicle, AngII (20 ng/kg/min, iv) or AngII + L-Arg (300 μg/kg/min, iv). Increasing renal perfusion pressure (RPP) from approximately 100 to 140 ...
Shearin Amanda E AE Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (Drs Shearin, Patanwala, and Erstad); and Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (Dr - - 2014
Propofol use may lead to hypotension in trauma patients intubated in the emergency department. In this study, predictors of hypotension were identified. We hypothesized that demographic variables could be associated with hypotension. Hypotension occurred in 33 of 200 patients. In the multivariate analysis, hypotension was associated with patient age greater ...
Marik Paul E PE Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, 825 Fairfax Av, Suite 410, Norfolk 23507, VA, - - 2014
Current teaching and guidelines suggest that aggressive fluid resuscitation is the best initial approach to the patient with hemodynamic instability. The source of this wisdom is difficult to discern, however, Early Goal Directed therapy (EGDT) as championed by Rivers et al. and the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines appears to have ...
Zhao Xingshan X Department of Cardiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, 4th medical college of Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of a low-sodium and high-potassium salt-substitute on lowering blood pressure (BP) among Tibetans living at high altitude (4300 meters). The study was a patient-blinded randomized controlled trial conducted between February and May 2009 in Dangxiong County, Tibetan Autonomous Region, China. A total of 282 Tibetans aged ...
Andrews Penny L - - 2013
Adult respiratory distress syndrome is often refractory to treatment and develops after entering the health care system. This suggests an opportunity to prevent this syndrome before it develops. The objective of this study was to demonstrate that early application of airway pressure release ventilation in high-risk trauma patients reduces hospital ...
Saliba Lina - - 2013
Although chronic hypertension is associated with long-term complications, few studies directly examine the effects of in-hospital acute hypertensive episodes in trauma patients. The aim was to determine whether there is an association between in-hospital acute hypertension and morbidity. We included trauma patients between 45 and 89 years who presented to a ...
Harih Gregor - - 2013
Huge areas of work are still done manually and require the usages of different powered and non-powered hand tools. In order to increase the user performance, satisfaction, and lower the risk of acute and cumulative trauma disorders, several researchers have investigated the sizes and shapes of tool-handles. However, only a ...
Kretschmer Jorn - - 2013
The application of mechanical ventilation is a life-saving routine therapy that allows the patient to overcome the physiological impact of surgeries, trauma or critical illness by ensuring vital oxygenation and carbon dioxide removal. Above a certain level of minute ventilation (usually set to ensure acceptable carbon dioxide removal and oxygenation) ...
Qi Zhenbin - - 2013
A fiber pressure sensor with a collimator at the off-center position of a diaphragm is demonstrated. The detection mechanism is incident-angle sensitive rather than traditional working-distance sensitive. Due to the small beam divergence of the collimator, the control on working distance is less stringent, and high sensitivity can be realized ...
Bernon Jessica K JK Division of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2013
The primary aim was to assess the need for objective cuff pressure monitoring in the theatre complex and trauma centre at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Secondary aims were to determine whether the tube size, tube make or place of intubation affected cuff pressure. Endotracheal tube cuff pressures ...
Paulus Eric J - - 2013
Hyperarousal is a hallmark of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD has been associated with increased blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in veteran populations. We retrospectively identified male patients consulted to outpatient psychiatry at the Iowa City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System. Patients were divided into PTSD (n = 88) ...
Norman Greg J - - 2013
Over a million children are subjected to some form trauma in the United States every year. Early trauma has been shown to have deleterious effects on cardiovascular health in adulthood. However, the presence of strong social relationships as an adult can buffer an individual against many of the harmful effects ...
Jayaram Archana - - 2012
BACKGROUND. : Positive pressure ventilation (PPV) is provided by manual ventilation devices such as self-inflating bags (SIB), flow inflating bags and T-piece resuscitators. The objective of this study is to compare the effect of type of manual ventilation device on overall response to resuscitation among preterm neonates born < 35 ...
Picetti Edoardo - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Discrepant data exist regarding the incidence and severity of clinical problems related to intra-hospital transport of brain-injured patients and no consensus exists whether modern-day intra-hospital transport represents a safe or potentially problematic environment for neurointensive care unit (NICU) patients. METHODS: We examined the incidence of clinical complications and physiological ...
Hildebrand F - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Despite the high incidence and prognostic relevance of hemorrhagic shock, abdominal and blunt chest trauma in multiply injured patients, there are no animal models combining these injuries. Therefore, we established a new porcine multiple trauma model consisting of blunt chest trauma, penetrating abdominal trauma (two incisions in the right ...
Xia Xie - - 2012
Objective To explore the efficacy of homemade hemostatics of injected gelatin matrix (HIGM) for immediately treating blunt hepatic trauma in canine model without additional pressure. Methods A total of 27 commercial hybrid dogs underwent celiotomy to establish hepatic trauma model after general anesthesia. The dogs were prospectively randomized into 3 ...
Convertino Victor A - - 2012
The respiratory pump can be optimized to enhance circulation in patients with hypotension by having patients spontaneously breathe through a low level of inspiratory resistance. This can be achieved with an impedance threshold device (ITD) designed to provide 7 cm H2O resistance during spontaneous inspiration with minimal resistance during expiration. ...
Maung Adrian A - - 2012
Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is used both as a rescue therapy for patients with acute lung injury and as a primary mode of ventilation. Unlike assist-control volume (ACV) ventilation that uses spontaneous breathing trials, APRV weaning consists of gradual decreases in supporting pressure. We hypothesized that the APRV weaning ...
Kelly Y P - - 2012
New-onset arterial hypertension is a well-recognised complication of kidney trauma. Cases have been described in young healthy athletes with hypertension arising years after sports-related trauma. The pathophysiology of this disease is thought to arise from intrarenal arterial stenosis resulting from rapid deceleration during the initial injury. This leads to arterial ...
Arts Johanna W M - - 2012
Transportation of laboratory rodents unavoidably causes stress. Nevertheless, very little is known about the effects of transportation and how long it takes for the animal to recuperate. In the present study, we investigated physiological and behavioral parameters before and after transportation in both transported and nontransported animals. We took blood ...
Christofaro D G D - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between blood pressure (BP) levels and physical activity (PA) domains accounting for overweight/obesity. Adolescents aged 10 to 17 years old were recruited (n = 1021). International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) criteria were used to define overweight and obesity. High BP was defined ...
Glorioso Nicola - - 2011
Essential hypertension is highly prevalent in the elderly population, exceeding 70% in people older than 60 yr of age, and remains a leading risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and chronic renal disease. Elucidation of genetic determinants is critical but remains a challenge due to its complex, multifactorial pathogenesis. We ...
Hersch Anat - - 2011
Exposure of myocardium to a mechanical impact may produce premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). High-intensity focused ultrasound was reported to generate PVCs, while microbubbles at the target increased absorption, thus, promoting energy localization and decreased PVC threshold. The objective was to investigate the benefit of a two-stage ultrasonic transmission: (1) asymmetric ...
Omana Dileep A DA Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G - - 2011
The effect of various ingredients such as sodium chloride (NaCl), sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP) and β-glucan (BG) on the biochemical properties of chicken breast proteins during temperature assisted high pressure processing was studied. Total protein solubility revealed that 600MPa pressure and 40(o)C are critical for the denaturation of proteins in STPP ...
Regli Adrian - - 2011
Femoral venous access is frequently used in critically ill patients. Because raised intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is also frequently found in this group of patients, we examined the impact of IAP and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on femoral venous pressure (FVP) and femoral venous oxygen saturation (Sfvo2) in an animal model. ...
Zhao Yi - - 2011
The growth and enlargement of jaw cysts are associated with raised intracystic pressure and bone resorption surrounding the cysts. The major bone-resorbing cells are the osteoclasts. They are acting under the influence of local bone-resorbing factors: prostaglandins, proteinases and cytokines. It was found that positive pressure enhanced the expression of ...
Hsieh Paul A - - 2011
When the Macondo well was shut in on July 15, 2010, the shut-in pressure recovered to a level that indicated the possibility of oil leakage out of the well casing into the surrounding formation. Such a leak could initiate a hydraulic fracture that might eventually breach the seafloor, resulting in ...
Boyd John H - - 2011
To determine whether central venous pressure and fluid balance after resuscitation for septic shock are associated with mortality. We conducted a retrospective review of the use of intravenous fluids during the first 4 days of care. Multicenter randomized controlled trial. The Vasopressin in Septic Shock Trial (VASST) study enrolled 778 ...
Stergiou G S - - 2011
Oscillometric devices are being widely used for ambulatory, home and office blood pressure (BP) measurement, and several of them have been validated using established protocols. This cross-sectional study assessed the impact on antihypertensive treatment decisions of replacing the mercury sphygmomanometer by a validated oscillometric device. Consecutive subjects attending a hypertension ...
Sweeney Daniel A - - 2010
High mortality in the 2001 US and recent European anthrax outbreaks suggests that better understanding of the effects of the toxins produced by this bacterium is needed to improve treatment. Here, 24-h edema (ETx) and lethal (LeTx) toxin infusions were investigated for 96 hin sedated canines receiving mechanical ventilation. The ...
Shanmugarajah P D - - 2010
A 42-year-old woman with a body mass index of 36 presented with visual obscurations and headaches. She had a visual acuity of 6/5 bilaterally, a constricted right visual field and bilateral papilloedema. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) was suspected but brain magnetic resonance imaging and venography demonstrated multiple enhancing lesions in ...
Recek C - - 2010
Pressure differences play an important role in the hemodynamics of both arterial and venous circulation. Venous ambulatory pressure gradient of about 35 mm Hg arises during the activity of the calf muscle venous pump between the veins in the thigh and the lower leg; this is the initiator launching venous ...
Pasion Editha - - 2010
To determine if the monitor cursor-line feature on bedside monitors is accurate for measuring central venous and pulmonary artery pressures in cardiac surgery patients. Central venous and pulmonary artery pressures were measured via 3 methods (end-expiratory graphic recording, monitor cursor-line display, and monitor digital display) in a convenience sample of ...
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