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Seth Henrik - - 2008
When animals feed, blood flow to the gastrointestinal tract increases to ensure an adequate oxygen supply to the gastrointestinal tissue and an effective absorption of nutrients. In mammals, this increase depends on the chemical properties of the food, as well as, to some extent, on the mechanical distension of the ...
Baty Laura - - 2008
The current study evaluates the feasibility and accuracy of measuring central venous pressure from a peripheral intravenous catheter following cardiopulmonary bypass in infants and children. Central venous pressure was simultaneously measured from a right atrial catheter and from a peripheral intravenous cannula. The continuity of the peripheral intravenous cannula with ...
Kecelj Leskovec Nada - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a venous disorder in the lower extremities associated with changes in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Treatment with short-stretch compression bandages is highly recommended for advanced stages of CVI. METHODS: The compression systems Rosidal Sys, Porelast, Coban, and Proguide were evaluated in 4 groups ...
Stéphan F - - 2008
AIM: Central venous catheter (CVC) is often inserted during liver resection because a low central venous pressure (CVP) reduces blood loss and the procedure may be associated with circulatory impairment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of a CVC besides the measurements of CVP, and whether ...
Young Colin N - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether ultrasound is a useful tool to measure the venous characteristics of the lower extremity during a standard venous collecting cuff deflation protocol. To accomplish this, lower extremity pressure-cross-sectional area (CSA) and pressure-volume relationships were measured in eight (25 +/- 1 ...
Kosmorsky Gregory S - - 2008
To measure the pressure in the temporal and central aspects of the chiasm simultaneously during compression of the optic chiasm from below with an expanding simulated tumor. Experimental study. Craniotomies were performed on 5 unfixed cadaveric specimens ranging in age from 49 to 89 years, and the optic chiasm was ...
Rabe E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The scientific quality of published clinical trials is generally poor in studies where compression devices have been assessed in the management of venous disease. The authors' aim was to establish a set of guidelines which could be used in the design of future clinical trials of compression treatments for ...
Partsch H - - 2008
The aim of this overview is to discuss the role of thigh compression for the management of venous and lymphatic diseases. The most important indications for thigh compression are prevention and treatment of sequelae of superficial vein procedures (surgery or endovenous procedures), prevention and therapy of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), ...
Krishnamoorthy M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Although arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are currently the preferred mode of permanent hemodialysis access they do have significant problems due to initial non-maturation and a later venous stenosis. These problems appear to have been exacerbated following a push to increase AVF prevalence in the US. The reasons for both AVF ...
Izakovic M - - 2008
Physicians need to understand, evaluate and address hemodynamics in every patient and even more importantly in patients that are critically ill. Being able to determine and interpret central venous pressure is one of the most useful bedside evaluation skills, even in the 21st century (Fig. 3). Full Text (Free, PDF) ...
Harfouche J N - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To test if intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) used with a short cycle could reproduce and confirm the 30 min vasoconstriction effect observed after a long cycle of pressure. METHODS: Eighteen subjects took part in the study, 12 with venous insufficiency (VI) and six without VI (NonVI). Duplex scanner was ...
Rimaud Diana - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of graduated compression stockings (GCS) on the properties of the venous vascular system, as characterized by venous capacitance (VC) and venous outflow (VO), in the lower extremities of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), according to injury level. METHODS: Nine male subjects with SCI (5 ...
Mosti G - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the influence of compression bandages, manufactured using materials with different elastic properties, on the impaired venous pumping function in patients with venous insufficiency. METHODS: Ejection volume (EV) and ejection fraction (EF) were measured using strain gauge plethysmography distal from the patella without and with elastic and inelastic ...
Murphy M A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Arteriovenous (AV) shunting has been postulated as the underlying cause of varicose veins. The aim of this study was to analyse pressure and oxygen content in primary varicose veins in order to determine evidence of arterial shunting. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with varicose veins underwent cannulation of varicosities. The pressure ...
Geis S - - 2008
A sufficient oxygen supply in skin grafts requires a functioning microcirculation. Venous occlusion impairs the microcirculation and is therefore a major threat of healing. Luminescence life time imaging (LLI) enables the non-invasive and two-dimensional assessment of the transcutaneous oxygen partial pressure (p(tc)O2). In the current trial this new device was ...
Zócalo Yanina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The characterization of the dynamic process of veins walls is essential to understand venous functioning under normal and pathological conditions. However, little work has been done on dynamic venous properties. AIM: To characterize vein compliance (C), viscosity (eta), peak-strain (W St) and dissipated (W(D)) energy, damping (zeta), and their ...
Amsler F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Leg discomfort and oedema are commonly attributed to a venous disorder (CVD) or chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and treated with compression hosiery. The pressure needed to achieve clinical benefit is a matter of debate. DESIGN: We performed a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT) that compared stockings exerting an ...
Bateman Grant A - - 2007
OBJECT: Both idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in adults and idiopathic hydrocephalus in children have been shown to involve elevations in venous pressure that resolve once the cerebrospinal fluid pressure is reduced. It has been assumed that the venous pressure elevations in both conditions are not hemodynamically significant, but measurement of ...
Meissner Mark H - - 2007
The venous system is, in many respects, more complex than the arterial system and a thorough understanding of venous anatomy, pathophysiology, and available diagnostic tests is required in the management of acute and chronic venous disorders. The venous system develops through several stages, which may be associated with a number ...
Dabrowski Wojciech - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyze IAP changes and the relationships between IAP, CVP, and brain venous blood pressure, which are still unknown, in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with extracorporeal circulation. MATERIAL/METHODS: Twenty-five male patients (aged 53-67 years) underwent CABG under general anesthesia with normovolemic hemodilution. IAPs ...
Hill S L - - 2007
There has been much advancement in perfusion technology over its 50 years of progression. One of these techniques is vacuum-assisted venous drainage (VAVD). Many perfusionists augment venous drainage using VAVD, typically from a wall vacuum source. This study explores alternates to providing VAVD if the wall vacuum fails. In two ...
Liakopoulos Oliver J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) accurately reflects cardiocirculatory function, but is not always feasible in pediatric patients. Using an experimental and clinical approach, we determined the accuracy of a novel pediatric central venous catheter with integrated fiberoptic oximetry, correlated ScvO2 to periprocedural vital variables, and tested its feasibility in ...
Doepp F - - 2008
The pathophysiology of primary exertional headache (EH) is unknown. Physical exertion is associated with Valsalva-like manoeuvres (VM). VM leads to increased intrathoracic pressure and reduces cerebral venous drainage. Internal jugular vein valve incompetence (IJVVI) leads to retrograde venous flow during VM with transient increase of intracranial pressure. We analysed the ...
Abdel-Sayed S - - 2007
Cannula design is of prime importance for venous drainage during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To evaluate cannulas intended for CPB, an in vitro circuit was set up with silicone tubing between the test cannula encased in a movable preload reservoir and another static reservoir. The pressure-drop (DeltaP) value (P-drainage - P-preload) ...
Bateman Grant A - - 2007
OBJECT: Findings in animal models of noncommunicating hydrocephalus have suggested that a reduction in compliance of the superior sagittal sinus, an elevation in venous outflow pressure, and the development of venous collateral flow may be associated with this condition. Although elevated venous pressure is known to cause hydrocephalus in children, ...
Kimura Keisaku - - 2007
We investigated the quantitative relation between soft tissue stiffness palpated from the body surface and hemodynamics in the human forearm. We examined the relation between pressures and blood flow in both the main artery and vein measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the cross-sectional area of forearm measured by MRI ...
Sinisalo Juha - - 2007
The classic technique of estimating jugular venous pressure, with variable inclination of the upper body and the sternal angle as the reference point, is complicated and little used in general practice. The aim of this prospective, comparative study was to assess whether estimating neck vein distension with the patient in ...
Choi Soo Joo - - 2007
The safety of living donors is a matter of cardinal importance in addition to obtaining optimal liver grafts to be transplanted. Central venous pressure (CVP) is known to have significant correlation with the amount of bleeding during parenchymal transection and many centers have adopted CVP monitoring for right hepatectomy. However, ...
Ho K M - - 2007
The arterial and mixed venous carbon dioxide tension gradient has been shown to increase when there is a decrease in cardiac output. Monitoring central venous gases is an attractive alternative to monitoring mixed venous gases in circulatory failure because central venous catheterisation is a less invasive procedure than pulmonary artery ...
Thalhammer Christoph - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to validate a new noninvasive technique to determine central venous pressure (CVP) using high-resolution compression sonography. BACKGROUND: Information concerning CVP is crucial in clinical situations, including cardiac failure, volume overload, and sepsis. The measurement of CVP, however, requires puncture of a vein with attendant risk of complication. ...
Groenendijk Bianca C W - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ligating the right lateral vitelline vein of chicken embryos (venous clip) results in cardiovascular malformations. These abnormalities are similar to malformations observed in knockout mice studies of components of the endothelin-1 (ET-1)/endothelin-converting enzyme-1/endothelin-A receptor pathway. In previous studies we demonstrated that cardiac ET-1 expression is decreased 3 h after ...
Amoozgar H - - 2008
Central venous pressure (CVP) measurement is a reliable method for evaluating intravascular volume status and cardiac function, but it is an invasive method that results in some complications such as arterial puncture, pneumothorax, and development of infection. The current study was performed to compare CVP measurements between central and peripheral ...
Sandblom Erik - - 2007
Vascular capacitance describes the pressure-volume relationship of the circulatory system. The venous vasculature, which is the main capacitive region in the circulation, is actively controlled by various neurohumoral systems. In terrestrial animals, vascular capacitance control is crucial to prevent orthostatic blood pooling in dependent limbs, while in aquatic animals like ...
Soonawalla Zahir F - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Trendelenberg position is recommended during liver resection, to decrease the risk of venous air embolism. However, this position raises the central venous pressure and may increase blood loss. We propose that the reverse-Trendelenberg position can be safely and effectively used to maintain a low central venous ...
Kojima Takao - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Venous hypertension is regarded as an important factor in the pathogenesis of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). We investigate histologic reaction of dural sinus under the condition of venous hypertension using a rat venous hypertension model to present hemodynamic and immunohistochemical effect in the development of DAVF. METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley ...
Chester Michael W - - 2007
We report a case of Rumpel-Leede phenomenon, or acute dermis capillary rupture, secondary to noninvasive blood pressure monitoring in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The most likely cause was increased venous pressure during cycling of the blood pressure cuff during a hypertensive state. Anesthesiologists need to be aware ...
Seo Jeong-Hwa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To eliminate the influence of hydrostatic pressure, proper transducer positions for central venous pressure and pulmonary artery wedge pressure are at the uppermost blood levels of right atrium (RA) and left atrium (LA). This study was performed to investigate accurate reference levels of central venous pressure and pulmonary artery ...
Arbeille P - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to quantify the effects of elastic compression stockings (ECS) on the leg hemodynamics, the venous return (flow and distensibility) and on the leg superficial tissue thickness. MATERIAL & METHODS: 10 healthy women were submitted to LBNP (Lower Body Negative Pressure) tests without then ...
Gagné N - - 2007
We have determined the gain of the cardiopulmonary baroreflex (CPBR) by measuring the central venous pressure (CVP) by venous catheter and calculating the total peripheral resistance (TPR) from mean arterial pressure (MAP) by Finometer and cardiac output (QD) by Doppler ultrasound. We tested the hypothesis that the BeatScope software of ...
Jegger D - - 2007
Peripheral access cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is initiated with percutaneous cannulae (CTRL) and venous drainage is often impeded due to smaller vessel and cannula size. A new cannula (Smartcanula, SC) was developed which can change shape in situ and, therefore, may improve venous drainage. Its performance was evaluated using a 2-D ...
Sakurai Hiroyuki - - 2007
Disruption of venous outflow can lead to tissue necrosis. Thrombosis of a venous channel at the coaptation site in instances of free tissue transfer could cause death of the transplanted tissues. Although various techniques have been used to monitor the viability of transferred tissues, there has been no technique designed ...
Valenza Franco - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of intra-abdominal hypertension on esophageal and central venous pressure considering values obtained at end-expiration (i.e., in static conditions) and during tidal volume delivery (i.e., in dynamic conditions). DESIGN: Retrospective (pigs) and prospective, randomized, controlled (rats) trial. SETTING: Animal laboratory of a university hospital. SUBJECTS: Six ...
Levinger U - - 2007
Varicocele is a bilateral vascular disease which occurs when the one-way valves in the internal spermatic veins, the testicular venous drainage system, malfunction. Based on new findings and fluid-mechanics analysis we showed that this process results in vertical blood columns, which cause pathological hydrostatic pressure in the testicular venous microcirculatory ...
Kozieras Jan - - 2007
The transpulmonary thermodilution technique enables measurement of cardiac index (CI), intrathoracic blood volume (ITBV), global end-diastolic volume (GEDV), and extravascular lung water (EVLW). In this study, we analyzed the robustness of this technique during an acute increase in systemic vascular resistance (SVR). Prospective, clinical study. Surgical intensive care unit in ...
Green N D C - - 2007
A hydrostatic rise in forearm vascular transmural pressure may be associated with an increase in forearm blood flow (FBF) that causes pain. To test this hypothesis, forearm vascular transmural pressure was elevated in eight male volunteers by a series of 1-min hypobaric exposures of the left arm to incrementing differential ...
Abramowitz Harry B - - 2007
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolization (PE) associated with air travel are directly related to the duration of flight and seating in non-aisle seats. In this study, we assessed a modification of a standard airline seat (NewSit) designed to decrease the incidence of DVT on long flights. This seat ...
McLeod David - - 2007
The landmark publications that gave such impetus to our understanding of proliferative diabetic retinopathy are reviewed in the light of more recent reports. Briefly, confluence of small areas of capillary closure in the midperipheral and peripheral retina results in arteriovenous shunting and abnormal oxygen partial pressure gradients. These gradients embrace ...
Brennan J Matthew - - 2007
Physicians' ability to accurately estimate right atrial (RA) pressure from bedside evaluation of the jugular venous waveform is poor, particularly when performed by physicians in training. Conventional ultrasound measurement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) accurately predicts RA pressure, but the cost, lack of portability, and specialized training required to ...
Vancraeynest David - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental data have shown that the combined exposure of rodent hearts to high acoustic pressure and ultrasound contrast agents can induce vascular injury and cell damage. The aim of the present work was to test whether similar effects can be observed in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty patients ...
Flore Roberto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Healthy workers who stand for prolonged periods show enhanced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in their systemic circulation. Oxidative stress is thought to be a risk factor for chronic venous insufficiency and other systemic diseases. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of compression stockings in the prevention of oxidative ...
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