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Results 101 - 150 of 1290
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Madhavan Guruprasad - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contributing roles of venous status, microvascular filtration, and calf muscle pump activity in the etiology of delayed orthostatic hypotension (OH). DESIGN: Unblinded within-subjects trial. SETTING: Academic clinical research center. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of healthy adult women (N=30) with an age range of 30 to 65 years. ...
Memtsoudis Stavros G - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical observational study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation and agreement between peripherally and centrally transduced venous pressures in prone spine surgery patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In view of a variety of potential complications associated with the placement of central venous lines for the purpose of central ...
von Segesser Ludwig K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Assess the benefit of temporary caval stenting for remote venous drainage during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Temporary caval stenting was realized in bovine experiments (65+/-6 kg) by the means of self-expanding (18F for insertion, 36F in situ) venous cannulas (Smartcanula LLC, Lausanne, Switzerland) with various lengths: 43 cm, 53 ...
Cordtz Joakim - - 2008
Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is one of the most important short-term complications to hemodialysis (HD). Inadequate cardiac filling due to a reduction in the central blood volume is believed to be a major etiological factor. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether these pathophysiologic events are reflected in the ...
Gard Graham - - 2009
The aim of this study is to present a rational coherent hypothesis to explain the palpable involuntary movements of the cranium. The arterial and venous anatomy inside and around the skull and spinal column presents a complete vascular system with the capacity to regulate intra-cranial pressure to a level of ...
Behrendt Florian F - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of different peripheral vein catheter sizes on the injection pressure, flow rate, injection duration, and intravascular contrast enhancement. A flow phantom with a low-pressure venous compartment and a high-pressure arterial compartment simulating physiological circulation parameters was used. High-iodine-concentration contrast medium ...
Molnár A A - - 2008
AIM: In young, post-thrombotic patients, venous distensibility is decreased not only in the affected lower limb, but also in the contralateral limb and in the jugular vein when compared to age-matched control subjects. In the present study, we investigated venous wall mechanical properties in young, asymptomatic thrombophilic patients. METHODS: Eleven ...
Cui Sen - - 2008
Anaphylactic shock is a sudden, life-threatening allergic reaction associated with severe hypotension. The increased venous resistance accounts for the anaphylactic hypotension in anesthetized dogs. However, the change in peripheral vascular resistances during anaphylactic hypotension in other animals such as rats is not known. We measured the mean circulatory filling pressure ...
Larabee Todd M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pulseless electrical activity (PEA) as a presenting rhythm during cardiac arrest is increasing. The current animal models of PEA arrest, post-countershock or total asphyxiation, unreliably generate PEA for a specific time period. Neither of these models predictably generate pseudo-PEA. The purpose of this study was to ...
Raffetto Joseph D JD VA Boston Healthcare System, West Roxbury, Mass, - - 2008
Increased venous hydrostatic pressure plays a role in the pathogenesis of varicose veins. Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been identified in varicose veins. Also, we have shown that MMP-2 inhibits venous contraction. However, the relation between venous pressure, MMP expression, and venous dysfunction is unclear. The purpose of ...
Yamamoto Yusuke - - 2009
A major drawback of the DIEP flap is the compromised venous drainage in the distal area, which is the rationale behind the creation of additional venous anastomoses for better flap survival. Although venous congestion is defined as an increase in the venous pressure, the effect of vascular augmentation on the ...
Sandblom Erik - - 2008
The venous haemodynamic response to enforced exercise and acute temperature increase was examined in the Antarctic fish Pagothenia borchgrevinki (borch) to enable comparisons with the existing literature for temperate species, and investigate if the unusual cardiovascular response to temperature changes previously observed in the borch can be linked to an ...
Momoo Takayuki - - 2008
Jugular phlebectasia, a dilatation of the jugular veins, is a relatively rare benign condition. Although the precise etiology is unknown, an increase in intrathoracic pressure that is transmitted to the jugular vein is believed to cause the venous ectasia. However, in this case of a 70-year-old woman with right internal ...
Puri Gd - - 2008
A 58-year-old male patient was posted for double valve replacement under hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). During aortic cross-clamp (AXC), the central venous pressure (CVP) was found to have increased to 22 mmHg. After 4 minutes of sustained increase in CVP, burst suppression (SR) started increasing. After 5 min of increase ...
Liu Rong - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Graduated compression stockings (GCS) are one of the essential mechanical therapeutic approaches used in prevention and treatment of venous diseases. Pressure levels and gradient distribution are the two determined parameters influencing the performance of GCS products. However, the effects of GCS with different pressure profiles on venous function remain ...
Diamantopoulos I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) systems are used for prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism. Both legs are wrapped with inflatable sleeves connected to a pneumatic controller to allow compression of the legs causing expulsion of venous blood. Venous refill between inflation periods causes leg expansion, which can be tracked by measuring ...
Menovsky Tomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present a simple, fast, and efficient technique to control bleeding from the epidural venous plexus during anterior cervical discectomy. METHODS: When encountering persistent bleeding from the venous epidural plexus during anterior cervical discectomy that cannot be controlled by bipolar coagulation, one can take approximately 5 to 10 ml ...
Baulig Werner - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Continuous assessment of central venous oxygen saturation (S(cevox)O(2)) with the CeVOX device (Pulsion Medical Systems, Munich, Germany) was evaluated against central venous oxygen saturation (S(cv)O(2)) determined by co-oximetry. METHODS: In 20 cardiac surgical patients, a CeVOX fiberoptic probe was introduced into a standard central venous catheter placed in the ...
Gelman Simon - - 2008
The veins contain approximately 70% of total blood volume and are 30 times more compliant than arteries; therefore, changes in blood volume within the veins are associated with relatively small changes in venous pressure. The terms venous capacity, compliance, and stressed and unstressed volumes are defined. Decreases in flow into ...
Seth Henrik - - 2008
When animals feed, blood flow to the gastrointestinal tract increases to ensure an adequate oxygen supply to the gastrointestinal tissue and an effective absorption of nutrients. In mammals, this increase depends on the chemical properties of the food, as well as, to some extent, on the mechanical distension of the ...
Baty Laura - - 2008
The current study evaluates the feasibility and accuracy of measuring central venous pressure from a peripheral intravenous catheter following cardiopulmonary bypass in infants and children. Central venous pressure was simultaneously measured from a right atrial catheter and from a peripheral intravenous cannula. The continuity of the peripheral intravenous cannula with ...
Stéphan F - - 2008
AIM: Central venous catheter (CVC) is often inserted during liver resection because a low central venous pressure (CVP) reduces blood loss and the procedure may be associated with circulatory impairment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of a CVC besides the measurements of CVP, and whether ...
Kecelj Leskovec Nada N Department of Dermatovenereology, Ljubljana University Medical Center, Zaloska 2, SI-1525 Ljubljana, - - 2008
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a venous disorder in the lower extremities associated with changes in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Treatment with short-stretch compression bandages is highly recommended for advanced stages of CVI. The compression systems Rosidal Sys, Porelast, Coban, and Proguide were evaluated in 4 groups of mobile ...
Young Colin N - - 2008
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether ultrasound is a useful tool to measure the venous characteristics of the lower extremity during a standard venous collecting cuff deflation protocol. To accomplish this, lower extremity pressure-cross-sectional area (CSA) and pressure-volume relationships were measured in eight (25 +/- 1 ...
Kosmorsky Gregory S - - 2008
To measure the pressure in the temporal and central aspects of the chiasm simultaneously during compression of the optic chiasm from below with an expanding simulated tumor. Experimental study. Craniotomies were performed on 5 unfixed cadaveric specimens ranging in age from 49 to 89 years, and the optic chiasm was ...
Rabe E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The scientific quality of published clinical trials is generally poor in studies where compression devices have been assessed in the management of venous disease. The authors' aim was to establish a set of guidelines which could be used in the design of future clinical trials of compression treatments for ...
Partsch H - - 2008
The aim of this overview is to discuss the role of thigh compression for the management of venous and lymphatic diseases. The most important indications for thigh compression are prevention and treatment of sequelae of superficial vein procedures (surgery or endovenous procedures), prevention and therapy of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), ...
Krishnamoorthy M - - 2008
PURPOSE: Although arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are currently the preferred mode of permanent hemodialysis access they do have significant problems due to initial non-maturation and a later venous stenosis. These problems appear to have been exacerbated following a push to increase AVF prevalence in the US. The reasons for both AVF ...
Izakovic M - - 2008
Physicians need to understand, evaluate and address hemodynamics in every patient and even more importantly in patients that are critically ill. Being able to determine and interpret central venous pressure is one of the most useful bedside evaluation skills, even in the 21st century (Fig. 3). Full Text (Free, PDF) ...
Harfouche J N - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To test if intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) used with a short cycle could reproduce and confirm the 30 min vasoconstriction effect observed after a long cycle of pressure. METHODS: Eighteen subjects took part in the study, 12 with venous insufficiency (VI) and six without VI (NonVI). Duplex scanner was ...
Rimaud Diana - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of graduated compression stockings (GCS) on the properties of the venous vascular system, as characterized by venous capacitance (VC) and venous outflow (VO), in the lower extremities of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), according to injury level. METHODS: Nine male subjects with SCI (5 ...
Mosti G - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the influence of compression bandages, manufactured using materials with different elastic properties, on the impaired venous pumping function in patients with venous insufficiency. METHODS: Ejection volume (EV) and ejection fraction (EF) were measured using strain gauge plethysmography distal from the patella without and with elastic and inelastic ...
Murphy M A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Arteriovenous (AV) shunting has been postulated as the underlying cause of varicose veins. The aim of this study was to analyse pressure and oxygen content in primary varicose veins in order to determine evidence of arterial shunting. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with varicose veins underwent cannulation of varicosities. The pressure ...
Geis S - - 2008
A sufficient oxygen supply in skin grafts requires a functioning microcirculation. Venous occlusion impairs the microcirculation and is therefore a major threat of healing. Luminescence life time imaging (LLI) enables the non-invasive and two-dimensional assessment of the transcutaneous oxygen partial pressure (p(tc)O2). In the current trial this new device was ...
Zócalo Yanina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The characterization of the dynamic process of veins walls is essential to understand venous functioning under normal and pathological conditions. However, little work has been done on dynamic venous properties. AIM: To characterize vein compliance (C), viscosity (eta), peak-strain (W St) and dissipated (W(D)) energy, damping (zeta), and their ...
Amsler F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Leg discomfort and oedema are commonly attributed to a venous disorder (CVD) or chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and treated with compression hosiery. The pressure needed to achieve clinical benefit is a matter of debate. DESIGN: We performed a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT) that compared stockings exerting an ...
Bateman Grant A - - 2007
OBJECT: Both idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in adults and idiopathic hydrocephalus in children have been shown to involve elevations in venous pressure that resolve once the cerebrospinal fluid pressure is reduced. It has been assumed that the venous pressure elevations in both conditions are not hemodynamically significant, but measurement of ...
Meissner Mark H - - 2007
The venous system is, in many respects, more complex than the arterial system and a thorough understanding of venous anatomy, pathophysiology, and available diagnostic tests is required in the management of acute and chronic venous disorders. The venous system develops through several stages, which may be associated with a number ...
Dabrowski Wojciech - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyze IAP changes and the relationships between IAP, CVP, and brain venous blood pressure, which are still unknown, in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with extracorporeal circulation. MATERIAL/METHODS: Twenty-five male patients (aged 53-67 years) underwent CABG under general anesthesia with normovolemic hemodilution. IAPs ...
Hill S L - - 2007
There has been much advancement in perfusion technology over its 50 years of progression. One of these techniques is vacuum-assisted venous drainage (VAVD). Many perfusionists augment venous drainage using VAVD, typically from a wall vacuum source. This study explores alternates to providing VAVD if the wall vacuum fails. In two ...
Liakopoulos Oliver J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) accurately reflects cardiocirculatory function, but is not always feasible in pediatric patients. Using an experimental and clinical approach, we determined the accuracy of a novel pediatric central venous catheter with integrated fiberoptic oximetry, correlated ScvO2 to periprocedural vital variables, and tested its feasibility in ...
Doepp F - - 2008
The pathophysiology of primary exertional headache (EH) is unknown. Physical exertion is associated with Valsalva-like manoeuvres (VM). VM leads to increased intrathoracic pressure and reduces cerebral venous drainage. Internal jugular vein valve incompetence (IJVVI) leads to retrograde venous flow during VM with transient increase of intracranial pressure. We analysed the ...
Abdel-Sayed S - - 2007
Cannula design is of prime importance for venous drainage during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To evaluate cannulas intended for CPB, an in vitro circuit was set up with silicone tubing between the test cannula encased in a movable preload reservoir and another static reservoir. The pressure-drop (DeltaP) value (P-drainage - P-preload) ...
Bateman Grant A - - 2007
OBJECT: Findings in animal models of noncommunicating hydrocephalus have suggested that a reduction in compliance of the superior sagittal sinus, an elevation in venous outflow pressure, and the development of venous collateral flow may be associated with this condition. Although elevated venous pressure is known to cause hydrocephalus in children, ...
Kimura Keisaku - - 2007
We investigated the quantitative relation between soft tissue stiffness palpated from the body surface and hemodynamics in the human forearm. We examined the relation between pressures and blood flow in both the main artery and vein measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the cross-sectional area of forearm measured by MRI ...
Sinisalo Juha - - 2007
The classic technique of estimating jugular venous pressure, with variable inclination of the upper body and the sternal angle as the reference point, is complicated and little used in general practice. The aim of this prospective, comparative study was to assess whether estimating neck vein distension with the patient in ...
Choi Soo Joo - - 2007
The safety of living donors is a matter of cardinal importance in addition to obtaining optimal liver grafts to be transplanted. Central venous pressure (CVP) is known to have significant correlation with the amount of bleeding during parenchymal transection and many centers have adopted CVP monitoring for right hepatectomy. However, ...
Ho K M - - 2007
The arterial and mixed venous carbon dioxide tension gradient has been shown to increase when there is a decrease in cardiac output. Monitoring central venous gases is an attractive alternative to monitoring mixed venous gases in circulatory failure because central venous catheterisation is a less invasive procedure than pulmonary artery ...
Thalhammer Christoph - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to validate a new noninvasive technique to determine central venous pressure (CVP) using high-resolution compression sonography. BACKGROUND: Information concerning CVP is crucial in clinical situations, including cardiac failure, volume overload, and sepsis. The measurement of CVP, however, requires puncture of a vein with attendant risk of complication. ...
Groenendijk Bianca C W - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ligating the right lateral vitelline vein of chicken embryos (venous clip) results in cardiovascular malformations. These abnormalities are similar to malformations observed in knockout mice studies of components of the endothelin-1 (ET-1)/endothelin-converting enzyme-1/endothelin-A receptor pathway. In previous studies we demonstrated that cardiac ET-1 expression is decreased 3 h after ...
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