Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1286
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Neglén P - - 1993
This study compares three different modes for measuring hemodynamically significant outflow obstruction in chronic venous insufficiency: (1) arm-foot venous pressure differential combined with foot venous pressure elevation to reactive hyperemia, (2) outflow fraction determination with plethysmography, and (3) calculation of resistance from simultaneously obtained foot venous pressure and calf volume ...
Pesola G R - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of room-temperature thermodilution cardiac output measurements from the venous infusion port. DESIGN: Central venous port cardiac output measurements were compared with venous infusion port measurements in 48 right-heart catheters. INTERVENTION: Three 10-mL injections of 5% dextrose in water were made through each port. The order ...
Gaylarde P M - - 1993
Skin blood flow in the lower leg is increased by external compression in standing subjects. This prevents the hypoxia induced by standing. The maximum increase in oxygen tension is seen when the external pressure is 40-50 mmHg. Pressures in the range of those produced by lightweight elastic stockings were found ...
Martin D S - - 1993
Venous capacitance plays an important role in cardiovascular homeostasis. The anatomical loci within the central nervous system involved in modulating venous function remain to be elucidated. Stimulation of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus is known to increase sympathoadrenal outflow and arterial blood pressure. The present study was undertaken to determine whether ...
Madsen P - - 1993
We compared central venous oxygen saturation and central venous pressure (CVP) as indices of the effective blood volume during 50 degrees head-up tilt (anti-Trendelenburg's position) induced hypovolaemic shock in eight healthy subjects. Head-up tilt increased thoracic electrical impedance from 31 (28-36) (median and range) to 34 (30-40) Ohm, mean arterial ...
Bealer S L - - 1993
Vascular capacitance was studied in anesthetized control (CONT) animals and in rats after electrolytic ablation of the periventricular tissue surrounding the anteroventral third cerebral ventricle (AV3V-X). Blood volume (BV) was determined by use of radiolabeled serum albumin, and mean arterial pressure (MAP) and central venous pressure (CVP) were continuously measured. ...
Nicolaides A N - - 1993
Two hundred thirty-six limbs of 220 unselected patients who were admitted with venous problems (83 with ulcers) were studied with continuous-wave Doppler ultrasonography, duplex scanning, and ambulatory venous pressure measurements. Patients with evidence of deep venous disease because of reflux or obstruction in the deep veins on Doppler and duplex ...
Kristiansen A B - - 1993
The haemodynamic effects of sympathetic agonists causing decongestion of the nasal mucosa have been investigated in rats. Access to mucosa was obtained from the dorsal side through a small cavity drilled in the nasal bone. The pressures in the venous sinusoids and in the interstitial fluid of nasal mucosa were ...
Fang B R - - 1993
A 26-year-old female was involved in a car accident with impaction of the steering wheel to the anterior chest. She became unconscious immediately. Blood pressure was unmeasurable, central venous pressure was measured at 25 cm H2O. Cross-sectional echocardiography revealed pericardial effusion and a band-like blood clot in the posterior inferior ...
Latham R D - - 1993
Theoretical concepts hold that blood in the gravity-dependent portion of the body would relocate to more cephalad compartments under microgravity conditions. The result is an increase in blood volume in the thoracic and cardiac chambers. This increase in central volume shift should result in an increase in central atrial filling ...
Tabrizchi R - - 1993
The mean circulatory filling pressure technique has been used to assess total body venous tone. It involves measuring central venous pressure (CVP) at 5-8 s following circulatory arrest. This study examines if CVP and portal venous pressure (PVP) equilibrate when circulation is stopped by inflating a balloon implanted in the ...
Vernalis M N - - 1993
The central cardiovascular responses to transient microgravity are not well understood. Theoretically, entrance into microgravity results in the loss of the hydrostatic pressure head and an increase in central venous pressure (CVP) as a consequence of augmented venous return. However, controversy exists regarding the time course and magnitude of cephalad ...
Hildebrandt W - - 1993
Elevation of vascular hydrostatic pressure is known to increase capillary filtration causing, for example orthostatic plasma fluid losses. The present study investigated possible compensatory fluid intravasation in the human forearm during graded elevation, that is during hydrostatic venous collapse. Recordings were made of forearm fluid volume (impedance-plethysmography), forearm blood flow ...
Welch R D - - 1993
We investigated the effects of increased intraosseous pressure on new-bone formation in the proximal metaphysis of the caprine tibia. Intraosseous hypertension was produced by obstruction of venous outflow by ligation of the popliteal vein draining the proximal aspect of the tibia and occlusion of the medullary space with bone cement ...
Tollan A - - 1993
There is scant information on the effects of progesterone on circulation. Changes in catecholamine levels, blood pressure and transcapillary fluid balance were measured in 12 men before and during administration of natural progesterone (Utrogestan). Before administration, systolic blood pressure was significantly correlated with venous adrenaline (r = 0.67, p = ...
Kamenova E - - 1993
The potency of Ondansetron (Zofran, Glaxo), a highly specific 5HT3 antagonist in preventing the very unfavorable complication during introducing anesthesia, i.e. a Bezold-Jarisch reflex-like reaction, was studied in a clinical trial. A total of 20 patients (12 males and 8 females aged 19-65 years) admitted for clinical surgical treatment participated ...
Schwarzacher S - - 1992
This study was performed to examine whether endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) influences venous tone and reactivity in vivo. The inferior vena cava and abdominal aorta were studied simultaneously under continuous haemodynamic monitoring in anaesthetised rabbits. In addition, a 20-MHz intravascular ultrasound catheter was placed in the vena cava for on-line ...
Balachandra S - - 1992
A model has been developed to explain the development of stress under a constant infusion of fluid into the subarachanoid space. When the regulatory mechanism operates, the infused fluid is accommodated by the venous system and hence the tissue 'give' mechanism is under minimal stress. The necessity of maintaining a ...
Ilkiw J E - - 1992
Cardiopulmonary effects of propofol were studied in hypovolemic dogs from completion of, until 1 hour after administration. Hypovolemia was induced by withdrawal of blood from dogs until mean arterial pressure of 60 mm of Hg was achieved. After stabilization at this pressure for 1 hour, 6 mg of propofol/kg of ...
Welkie J F - - 1992
Clinical deterioration of patients with chronic venous disease (CVD) has been well described and a standardized classification has been proposed. The progressive hemodynamic deterioration producing these clinical findings is less well appreciated. This study examines and correlates venous hemodynamics with clinical severity in patients with CVD. Two hundred seventy-four extremities ...
Pascoe P J - - 1992
Cardiopulmonary effects of etomidate administration were studied in hypovolemic dogs. Baseline cardiopulmonary data were recorded from conscious dogs after instrumentation. Hypovolemia was induced by withdrawal of blood from dogs until mean arterial pressure of 60 mm of Hg was achieved. Blood pressure was maintained at 60 mm of Hg for ...
Berridge J C - - 1992
The influence of cardiac output on the correlation between central venous oxygen saturation and mixed venous oxygen saturation was assessed in 51 patients who had both a pulmonary artery catheter and separate central venous catheter in situ. Seventy-six paired samples were taken from the catheters and oxygen saturation measured immediately ...
Setz K - - 1992
During extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), forward pump flow must not be allowed to exceed the rate of blood drainage from the patient so that excessive negative pressure does not develop within the ECMO circuit or in the patient's right atrium. A distensible reservoir ("bladder") and mechanically actuated electronic switch ("bladder ...
Baconnier P F - - 1992
We have developed a model including three serial compliant compartments (arterial, capillary, and venous) separated by two resistances (arterial and venous) for interpreting in vivo single pulmonary arterial or venous occlusion pressure profiles and double occlusion. We formalized and solved the corresponding system of equations. We showed that in this ...
Keber I - - 1992
In order to study the effects of chronic venous hypertension due to heart failure on blood fibrinolytic activity, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) antigen, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) antigen, t-PA activity and PAI activity were measured before and after venous occlusion of the arm for 20 min in 15 patients ...
Aharinejad S - - 1992
The appearance of pulmonary venous sphincters was studied in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats using scanning electron microscopy of microvascular corrosion casts and transmission electron microscopy of tissue sections. Vascular casts were prepared either after lavage with Tyrode solution or after glutaraldehyde prefixation. Pronounced pulmonary venous sphincters were more frequently ...
Kitagawa H - - 1992
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is lifesaving for infants with severe respiratory distress but is complicated by severe intracranial hemorrhage in 10% to 30% of patients. Intracranial venous hypertension, as a result of ligation of the internal jugular vein (IJV), has been hypothesized as a contributing factor to cerebral edema and ...
Rivers E P - - 1992
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to observe, measure, and describe the changes in central venous oxygen saturation during CPR and immediately after return of spontaneous circulation. It also was to examine the clinical utility of continuous central venous oxygen saturation monitoring as a indicator of return of ...
Kooman J P - - 1992
A reduced venous compliance (VC) and inadequate venoconstriction may impair hemodynamics during hemodialysis, the first by impairing plasma volume preservation and by inducing a steep fall in central venous pressure (CVP) during minor plasma volume loss, the second by inadequate mobilization of hemodynamically inactive blood volume. For the protocol A, ...
Sundberg C J - - 1992
An experimental model used with the intention of mimicking the ischaemic condition in patients with arterial obliterative disease was evaluated. The influence of reduced effective perfusion pressure by increased external pressure on leg blood flow and metabolism was determined during exercise in 10 healthy subjects. Catheters were inserted into the ...
Ghio S - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Tolerance to the effects of organic nitrates develops rapidly during continuous exposure to these drugs; its main mechanism seems to be an intracellular sulfhydryl group depletion. However, the relative susceptibility to the development of nitroglycerin tolerance of the arterial or venous circulation in humans is still a matter of ...
Cordts P R - - 1992
Fluid resuscitation and transfusion therapy are particularly critical in patients undergoing extensive vascular operations because of diffuse atherosclerosis and the risk of perioperative myocardial infarction. Sophisticated perioperative monitoring has reduced the mortality rate substantially, but indications for transfusion remain controversial. We determined erythrocyte volume, (EV), total blood volume (TBV) and ...
Cordts P R - - 1992
Air plethysmography (APG) was used to measure maximal venous outflow rate (MVO), a test for proximal venous obstruction; venous volume; venous filling index, an estimate of valvular incompetence; ejection fraction (EF), a test of calf-muscle pump efficiency; and residual volume fraction (RVF), an estimate of ambulatory venous pressure. MVO was ...
Yamazaki M - - 1992
A 24-year-old married woman had an angiokeratoma of the vulva measuring 3 x 3 x 4 mm localized at the clitoris. The nodule was noticed when she was pregnant with her first child. This tumor grew with occasional tenderness and bleeding during pregnancy, but its size did not change after ...
Audi S H - - 1992
Recently, we presented a compartmental model of the pulmonary vascular resistance (R) and compliance (C) distribution with the configuration C1R1C2R2C3 (J. Appl. Physiol. 70: 2126-2136, 1991). This model was used to interpret the pressure vs. time data obtained after the sudden occlusion of the arterial inflow (AO), venous outflow (VO), ...
Hosking M P - - 1992
The modified Fontan operation has gained wide acceptance as a functional corrective procedure for patients with CHD with single ventricle physiology. Long-term survival and palliation of symptoms are excellent with most patients able to lead normal lives. The absence of a pulmonary contractile ventricle means that the single ventricle is ...
Convertino V - - 1992
Experiments during spaceflight and its groundbase analog, bedrest, provide consistent data which demonstrate that numerous changes in cardiovascular function occur as part of the physiological adaptation process to the microgravity environment. These include elevated heart rate and venous compliance, lowered blood volume, central venous pressure and stroke volume, and attenuated ...
Besarab A - - 1992
Venous pressure measured by the dialyzer is an unreliable measure of intra-access venous pressure. During dialysis and zero extracorporeal blood flow, intra-access venous limb pressure (VPd) was measured directly 401 times in 133 subjects using a high flow "in-line" three-way stopcock adjacent to the venous return needle. Subjects with systolic ...
- - 1992
This is a condensed consensus report, summarizing the present status of various aspects of epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of venous ulcers. There are conflicting results regarding the prevalence of venous ulcers ranging from 0.18 to 1.3%, depending on the types of ulcers reported. With regard to macrovascular changes preceding venous ...
Fessler H E - - 1992
To study the mechanism whereby positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) decreases venous return, we used a closed-chest canine venous bypass preparation to study the effects of 10 mm Hg PEEP on the systemic venous pressure-flow curves from the superior and inferior vena cava (SVC and IVC). These curves were characterized by ...
Spokas E G - - 1992
The main objective of these experiments was to develop and characterize a new experimental model of venous thrombosis, and determine whether a combination of vascular wall damage (crushing with hemostat clamps) and prolonged stasis produced more reproducible clots than prolonged stasis per se. Rabbits were laparotomized, and a segment of ...
Hargreaves A D - - 1992
Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) is known to be a potent venodilator, but the effects might differ depending on the regime of administration. Using a radionuclide blood pool method we examined the changes in peripheral (and pulmonary) venous volume induced by GTN administered in three ways: short (4 min) intravenous infusions at ...
Laurora G - - 1992
In patients with venous hypertension due to postphlebitic syndrome or varicose veins skin changes, liposclerosis and ulcerations are associated with increased skin blood flux at rest, a decreased venoarteriolar response and increased capillary filtration. Using laser-Doppler flowmetry we studied skin flux and the venoarteriolar response in the perimalleolar region in ...
Sarin S - - 1992
Compression stockings and bandages have been shown to improve venous haemodynamics and may act by reducing venous reflux. The aim of this study was to assess the mechanism of action of compression therapy on venous function and to determine whether such treatment may correct valvular incompetence. Both lower limbs of ...
Donnelly P K - - 1992
The performance of a new double lumen central venous haemodialysis catheter was tested in two laboratory models. In a bench model the patient's venous system was simulated by a reservoir from which water or glycerol was drawn through a fixed tube. A double lumen silastic catheter was then inserted into ...
Laatikainen L T - - 1992
Recent research into the relationship between retinal venous occlusion and general vascular disorders has shown that retinal venous occlusion seems to be related only to systemic hypertension. The role of systemic hemorrheologic parameters in the pathophysiology of venous occlusion is a controversial one. Of the various treatment modalities, isovolemic hemodilution ...
Stick C - - 1992
This study investigates whether walking or running prevents the formation of edema in the lower leg. In 18 volunteers changes in calf volume were measured using strain gauge plethysmography during slow (3 km/h) and fast (6 km/h) walking or running (10 km/h) on a treadmill for 20 min each. Venous ...
Widgren B R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis of reduced venous compliance and increased cardiovascular responses to volume expansion and alpha-agonist stimulation. METHOD: Non-hypertensive healthy young men with positive (PFH) and negative family histories of hypertension were investigated regarding peripheral haemodynamics and changes in central venous pressure (CVP) and arterial blood pressure in ...
Tabrizchi R - - 1992
The venous system is supremely important in the control of cardiac output. Drugs which affect the venous system have profound effects on haemodynamics. This review comments on the methods available for the determination of venous compliance, resistance, and unstressed volume and describes the mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP) technique, its ...
Chien Y Y Alton Ochsner Medical Foundation, New Orleans, LA - - 1992
To test whether quinaprilat, a new angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, has any venous effect, its immediate effects were measured on mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP), intravascular volume and total body vascular (i.e., venous) compliance in conscious rats with mild congestive heart failure induced by coronary artery ligation. MCFP was determined ...
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