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Buijs Erik A B EA 1Intensive Care and Department of Pediatric Surgery, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. 2Division of Neonatology and Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. 3Department of Biostatistics, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. 4Intensive Care, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
To study whether dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine improve not only mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate but also microcirculatory perfusion in children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Prospective observational cohort study from November 2009 to July 2012. ICU of a level III university children's hospital. Twenty-eight consecutive congenital diaphragmatic hernia ...
Tone Kazuya K Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kashiwa Hospital, Chiba, Japan; Department of Internal Medicine, Respiratory Division, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
An elderly woman diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM) in 2007 had improved with chemotherapy. She had severe kyphosis and a diaphragmatic hernia (DH), but no respiratory symptoms. In 2011, because of thoracic deformity and emaciation, we advised her to continue the previously prescribed domiciliary noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) therapy ...
Hashmi Syed S *University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine and VAMC, Iowa City, IA †Medical College of Georgia, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, - - 2014
Whether body position affects lower esophageal sphincter (LES) function and detection of hiatal hernia is unknown. Moreover, the yield of high-resolution esophageal pressure topography (HREPT) when compared with endoscopy for detection of hiatal hernia is unclear. AIM:: The aims of this study were to examine (a) the effects of body ...
Jadlowiec Caroline C CC University of Connecticut Integrated General Surgery Residency Program, Farmington, CT 06030, USA ; Department of Surgery, Hartford Hospital, Trauma and Critical Care, Hartford, CT 06102, - - 2014
Traumatic diaphragmatic hernias are rare and challenging to diagnose. Following trauma, diagnosis may occur immediately or in a delayed fashion. It is believed that left traumatic diaphragmatic hernias are more common as a result of the protective right-sided anatomic lie of the liver. If unrecognized, traumatic diaphragmatic injuries are subject ...
Gaidukov Konstantin M KM Konstantin M Gaidukov, Elena N Raibuzhis, Ayyaz Hussain, Alexey A Smetkin, Vsevolod V Kuzkov, Mikhail Y Kirov, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Northern State Medical University, 163001 Arkhangelsk, - - 2013
To determine the influence of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) on respiratory function after surgical repair of ventral hernia and to compare two different methods of IAP measurement during the perioperative period. Thirty adult patients after elective repair of ventral hernia were enrolled into this prospective study. IAP monitoring was performed via ...
Fandiño Marcela - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this work was to compare the absolute breaking strength of various soft tissue skull base (SB) repairs in an in vitro porcine model. METHODS: A burst pressure (BP) testing system was designed using an axial loading force to create increasing hydraulic pressure. Defects measuring 0.5 × ...
Gupta Subhas - - 2012
Pressure ulcers (PrUs) are a challenging health concern for both the clinician and the patient. The exact incidence and prevalence of PrUs varies widely among specific clinical populations, from 0·4% to 38% in acute care, from 2·2% to 24% in long-term care and from 0% to 17% in home care. ...
Saeed Ali Imran - - 2012
Negative pressure pulmonary hemorrhage (NPPH) is a rare, life-threatening complication that develops after an acute upper airway obstruction. A 26 year old, healthy African-American man with no underlying lung disease developed negative pressure pulmonary edema and subsequently NPPH during recovery from general anesthesia for elective spine surgery. Diagnostic bronchoscopy confirmed ...
Logan Alexander G - - 2012
Lowering blood pressure reduces cardiovascular risk, yet hypertension is poorly controlled in diabetic patients. In a pilot study we demonstrated that a home blood pressure telemonitoring system, which provided self-care messages on the smartphone of hypertensive diabetic patients immediately after each reading, improved blood pressure control. Messages were based on ...
Sato Tomoya - - 2012
 Persons with limited mobility are at risk for pressure ulcers. The development of pressure ulcers following earthquakes has been reported secondary to disaster-related spinal cord injury. In the aftermath of the Great East Japan Earthquake, members of a disaster medical assistance team (DMAT), which included plastic surgeons and wound, ...
Flynn E - - 2012
ABPM is an invaluable clinical tool, as it has been shown to improve blood pressure control in primary care. Many clinical guidelines for hypertension advocate ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. This study aims to quantify the use of clinical guidelines for hypertension and to explore the role of ABPM in Primary ...
Vaidya Varun - - 2011
To describe and analyze utilization of preventive care services and their effect on cardiovascular outcomes in the United States. Data from the 2007 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) were used to analyze utilization of preventive care services and their effect on cardiovascular outcomes. Recommendations by the Seventh Report of the ...
Vanerio Gabriel G Intensive Care Unit and Cardiology Departments, British Hospital Montevideo, 2420 Avenue Italia, 11600 Montevideo, - - 2011
A 84-year-old white female had a brief loss of consciousness while playing bridge. A few minutes before the episode she had eaten pizza and significant amount of carbonated soft drinks. After recovery, her friends noticed that she was alert, but pale and sweating. Upon arrival at the emergency room, sitting ...
Sanz Jesús - - 2010
Only one-third of patients with hypertension under pharmacological treatment achieve the recommended blood pressure goals. Psychological factors could partially account for poor hypertension control through the existence of personality traits related to treatment compliance (e.g., self-discipline, deliberation, impulsiveness), and the fact that stress and some personality traits (e.g., anxiety, depression, ...
Vasudev Akshya - - 2011
To determine if subjects with late-life depression have significant cardiovascular autonomic abnormalities (orthostatic blood pressure drop, heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity). A case-control study, in secondary care facilities, of forty two older (>60years) individuals with lifetime history of major depression and 31 age and sex matched comparison subjects. Autonomic ...
Park Byung Hoon - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the utility of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as a marker of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction after open-lung approach (OLA) in patients with acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Twenty-seven patients with ALI/ARDS underwent OLA (2-minute steps of fixed pressure-controlled ...
Ståhlberg Marcus - - 2011
Aims The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of different biventricularly paced heart rates (pHRs) on right ventricular (RV) haemodynamics in heart failure (HF) patients with an implantable haemodynamic monitor (IHM). Methods and results At rest, seven pHRs, range 60-120 bpm (steps of 10), were randomly ...
Field Tiffany - - 2011
In this paper recent research is reviewed on the effects of yoga poses on psychological conditions including anxiety and depression, on pain syndromes, cardiovascular, autoimmune and immune conditions and on pregnancy. Further, the physiological effects of yoga including decreased heartrate and blood pressure and the physical effects including weight loss ...
Tabima Diana M - - 2010
Mice are a widely used animal model for investigating cardiovascular disease. Novel technologies have been used to quantify left ventricular function in this species, but techniques appropriate for determining right ventricular (RV) function are less well demonstrated. Detecting RV dysfunction is critical to assessing the progression of pulmonary vascular diseases ...
Apitz Christian - - 2010
Restrictive right ventricular (RV) physiology is a phenomenon considered potentially beneficial when detected in children and adolescents with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). It is typically characterised by antegrade flow in the pulmonary artery in late diastole at the time of atrial contraction. However, little is known about the impact ...
Muradyan Iga - - 2010
Punctate reopening of the lung from subresidual volumes (sub-RV) is commonly observed in excised lung preparations, either degassed or collapsed to zero transpulmonary pressure, and in the course of reinflation of human lungs when the chest is open, secondary to traumatic or surgical pneumothoraxes. In the course of physiological studies ...
Geerts Bart F - - 2010
We present a new physiological model that discriminated between changes in the systemic arterial and venous circulation. To test our model, we studied the effects of dobutamine and hypovolemia in intact pentabarbital-anesthetized piglets. Aorta pressure (Pao), central venous pressure (Pcv), mean systemic filling pressure (Pmsf) and cardiac output (CO), were ...
Lumens Joost - - 2010
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is associated with abnormal left ventricular (LV) filling hemodynamics [mitral early passive filling wave velocity/late active filling wave velocity (E/A) < 1]. Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) acutely reduces pulmonary vascular resistance, resulting in an increase of mitral E/A. The abolishment of leftward septal bulging and an ...
Kreymborg Karsten grosse - - 2010
The right ventricle (RV) differs in several aspects from the left ventricle (LV) including its embryonic origin, physiological role and anatomical design. In contrast to LV hypertrophy, little is known about the molecular circuits, which are activated upon RV hypertrophy (RVH). We established a highly reproducible model of RVH in ...
Eriksson Michael - - 2010
Several studies have shown training induced morphological changes in the heart. Our aim was to assess how frequent, low-intensity exercise (walking and cycling) influences heart function and morphology in abdominally obese women. Fifty women with abdominal obesity (mean age 47.0 +/- 7.5 years, waist circumference (WC) 103.2 +/- 7.8 cm), ...
Saouti Nabil - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by increased arterial load requiring more right ventricular (RV) hydraulic power to sustain adequate forward blood flow. Power can be separated into a mean and oscillatory part. The former is associated with mean and the latter with pulsatile blood flow and pressure. Because mean power ...
Jiang B H - - 2011
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction associated with heart failure (HF) carry a poor prognosis. Although endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs) demonstrated benefits in pulmonary arterial hypertension, their efficacy in PH associated with HF was not specifically evaluated. 2 weeks after myocardial infarction (MI) rats received bosentan (100 or ...
Das Ashish - - 2010
Repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) patients develop right ventricular (RV) dilatation and dysfunction. To prevent their demise, pulmonary valve replacement is necessary, though appropriate timing for it is challenged by a paucity of reliable diagnostic parameters. In this pilot study, we hypothesized that stroke work (SW) and energy calculations would ...
Alkon Jaime - - 2010
The objective of this study was to investigate the systolic to diastolic duration ratio (S:D ratio) in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and its association with right ventricular (RV) performance, hemodynamics, 6-minute walk test, clinical outcomes, and survival. We reviewed 503 serial echocardiograms in 47 children with PAH (mean ...
Heyse Alex - - 2010
We present a case of a 69-year-old woman with constrictive pericarditis preceded by effusive-constrictive pericarditis. Echocardiography on admission revealed a mild pericardial effusion, pericardial thickening and a constrictive physiology in the absence of RV pressure/volume overload suggesting effusive-constrictive pericarditis. Echocardiographic follow-up showed gradual disappearance of the effusion within one month ...
Qin Qiang - - 2010
We aimed to evaluate right ventricle (RV) function in children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS). RV hemodynamics were evaluated by Doppler echocardiography in 50 children with PNS (aged 2.5-12 years), either at PNS onset (n = 37) or relapse (n = 13), and in 50 normal controls. Heart rate, stroke ...
Bogaard Harm J - - 2010
Most patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) die from right heart failure. Beta-adrenergic receptor blockade reduces mortality by about 30% in patients with left-sided systolic heart failure, but is not used in PAH. To assess the effect of the adrenergic receptor blocker carvedilol on the pulmonary circulation and right heart ...
Pedrinelli Roberto - - 2010
To analyse the relationship between increasing systemic blood pressure (BP) and right ventricular (RV) function as assessed by two-dimensional strain imaging. Longitudinal peak strain and strain rate (SR) were sampled by speckle-tracking methodology at the RV free wall and interventricular septum (IVS) and RV and left ventricular (LV) structure and ...
Chahal Harjit H Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2010
The effect of cardiovascular risk factors on the left ventricle is well known but their effect on right ventricle has not been studied using advanced imaging techniques. The purpose of the present study was to determine the relation between the cardiovascular risk factors and right ventricular (RV) structure and function ...
Emiroglu Yunus - - 2010
Previous studies have demonstrated a consistent increased risk for cardiovascular events and pulmonary disease in patients with biomass fuel exposure (BFE). However right ventricular (RV) function have not been investigated yet in these patients. In this study, pulmonary function, right ventricular function and their relations with Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) ...
López-Candales Angel - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Systolic eccentricity index (sEI) has been traditionally measured at the papillary muscle (PM) level. However, this measurement does not take into account the remodeling that occurs in the right ventricle (RV) during chronic pulmonary hypertension (cPH). METHODS: Standard echocardiographic data were collected on 50 patients (age 58 + or ...
Lopez-Candales Angel - - 2010
Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) acceleration shortens with chronic pulmonary hypertension (cPH). However, the overall value of this spectral Doppler signal in the assessment of PH patients is not well understood. Markers of RV systolic performance, time to onset, time to peak, and total duration of the RVOT systolic spectral ...
Kral Kollars Catharine A - - 2010
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is associated with tricuspid regurgitation (TR), which has been postulated to arise from the effect of ventricular septal position on the attachments of the tricuspid valve. This study was performed to determine the effect of left ventricular (LV) pressure on right ventricular ...
Pedrinelli Roberto - - 2010
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship between increasing systemic blood pressure (BP) and right ventricular (RV) function. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight never-treated, nonobese patients with BP values varying from the optimal to the mild hypertensive range. Peak early diastolic (Em) and systolic (Sm) velocities were recorded at the tricuspid and mitral ...
Pena Jos? Luiz Barros - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Significant hemodynamic changes, including preload and afterload modifications, occur during the transition from the fetal to the neonatal environment. The ductus arteriosus closes, pulmonary vascular resistance decreases, and pulmonary blood flow increases. Strain rate (SR) and strain (epsilon) have been proposed as ultrasound indices for quantifying regional wall deformation. ...
Koshino Yuki - - 2010
Obstructive sleep apnea is highly prevalent in patients with cardiovascular disease and has detrimental effects on systolic and diastolic function of the ventricles. In this research, the changes in strain (S) and strain rate (SR) during the performance of the Mueller maneuver (MM) in an effort to better understand how ...
Sheehan Florence H - - 2010
We tested the accuracy and reproducibility of knowledge-based reconstruction (KBR) for measuring right ventricular (RV) volume and function. KBR enables rapid assessment of the right ventricle from sparse user input by referencing a database. KBR generates a 3-dimensional surface to fit points that the user enters at anatomic landmarks. We ...
Cavallero Susana - - 2010
Hemodynamic parameters and natriuretic peptide levels were evaluated in cardiac hypertrophy produced by sequentially applied renovascular (RV) and deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt (DS) models of hypertension. We studied hypertensive rats by RV or DS treatment at 2 and 4 wk, as well as by the combination of 2 wk of each treatment ...
Shimizu Shuji - - 2010
One and a half ventricle repair (1.5VR) is a surgical option for hypoplastic right ventricle (RV). The benefits of this procedure compared to biventricular repair (2VR) or Fontan operation remain unsettled. To compare postoperative hemodynamics, we performed a theoretical analysis using a computational model based on lumped-parameter state-variable equations. We ...
Rydman Riikka - - 2010
Assessment of right ventricular (RV) function is a challenge due to complex anatomy. We studied systolic and diastolic tricuspid annular excursion and longitudinal RV fractional shortening as geometry-independent measures in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Forty patients with PE were studied within 24 hours after admission and after 3 ...
Yerebakan Can - - 2010
We aimed to determine the response of the right ventricle (RV) to surgically induced pressure and volume overload in both acute and chronic settings. Four-month-old sheep were operated via left anterior thoracotomy. Pressure overload of the RV was established by banding of the pulmonary trunk. Volume overload was induced by ...
Jeebun V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that findings of computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) relate to outcome in pulmonary embolus (PE). These include clot burden as quantified using an obstruction index and markers of pressure overload such as right ventricle to left ventricle size ratio (RV/LV ratio). Little data exists correlating ...
Palardy Maryse M Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2010
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is associated with adverse outcomes in heart failure (HF). Mechanical unloading should be more effective than pharmacologic therapy to reduce RV afterload and improve RV function. We compared RV size and function after aggressive medical unloading therapy to that achieved in the same patients after 3 ...
Kuo Alexander S - - 2009
Right ventricular (RV) afterload is a key determinant of RV function and is increased in many cardiopulmonary pathologies. Pulmonary circulation input impedance has been used to quantify afterload previously but due to its complexity has not been widely applied. This study examines the effect of a subset of the impedance ...
Utsunomiya Hiroto - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) filling pressure can be estimated using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) from the tricuspid lateral annulus, but few data are available on the usefulness of Doppler-derived RV filling pressure in predicting the prognosis of chronic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). METHODS: In 50 consecutive patients with PAH, TDI ...
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