Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 902
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Shimizu S - - 2000
AIMS: This study was performed to determine whether or not the kinetics of action potential duration restitution during double premature stimuli (S3) differ from that during single premature stimuli (S2) in the human intact right ventricle. METHODS AND RESULTS: A monophasic action potential (MAP) was simultaneously recorded from the right ...
Groeneveld A B - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to evaluate right ventricular (RV) loading and cardiac output changes, by using the thermodilution technique, during the mechanical ventilatory cycle. Fifteen critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation, with 5 cmH(2)O of positive end-expiratory pressure, mean respiratory frequency of 18 breaths/min, and mean tidal volume ...
Greyson C - - 2000
Volume expansion and inotropic stimulation are used clinically to augment cardiac output during acute right ventricular (RV) pressure overload. We previously showed that a brief period of RV pressure overload causes RV free wall dysfunction that persists after normal loading conditions have been restored. However, the impact of volume expansion ...
Leerssen H M - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: After an abrupt increase in heart rate, action potential duration (APD) will shorten. To assess the effect of ischemia on APD shortening dynamics, we compared right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) APD shortening induced by an abrupt decrease in pacing cycle length (PCL) during control and LV ischemia. ...
van der Ploeg G E - - 2000
This study compared the two following hydrodensitometric methods for estimating percent body fat (%BF): 1) estimation of residual volume (RV) by helium dilution before and after measurement of immersed mass at RV, and 2) determination of immersed mass at a comfortable level of expiration (approximately functional residual capacity) with measurement ...
Johns D P - - 2000
Anatomic dead space (VD) is known to increase with end-inspiratory lung volume (EILV), and the gradient of the relationship has been proposed as an index of airway distensibility (DeltaVD). The aims of this study were to apply a rapid method for measuring DeltaVD and to determine whether it was affected ...
Munoz R - - 2000
This study validates a reconstructive technique that describes 3-dimensional right ventricular (RV) shape and volume with the use of 3 standard echocardiographic planes. The volume of 24 cast models of lamb right ventricles (12 normal, 12 hypertensive) was determined by water displacement. Reconstruction of the cast shapes was calculated from ...
Maruyama T - - 2000
Although reflex sympathetic activation is a major determinant of the haemodynamic tolerability of ventricular tachycardia (VT), the methods for evaluating this aspect during on-going VT remain invasive and complicated. Palmar sweating as an indirect but non-invasive measure of sympathetic activity was estimated by means of a unique hygrometer under right ...
Marcus E N - - 2000
A new 3-dimensional (3D) method is described for the diagnosis of normal and hypertensive right ventricular (RV) conditions on the basis of similarity of RV structure to models of normal average shape or hypertensive average shape. Right ventricular quantification in multiple views (coronal, sagittal, and transverse) was obtained by measuring ...
Boschetti F - - 2000
A thoracic artificial lung (TAL) was designed to treat respiratory insufficiency, acting as a temporary assist device in acute cases or as a bridge to transplant in chronic cases. We developed a computational model of the pulmonary circulatory system with the TAL inserted. The model was employed to investigate the ...
de Vroomen M - - 2000
Pulmonary hypertension results in an increased afterload for the right ventricle (RV). To determine the effects of this increased afterload on RV contractile performance, we examined RV performance before and during 4 h of partial balloon occlusion of the pulmonary artery and again after releasing the occlusion in nine newborn ...
Vieillard-Baron A - - 1999
In a context such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, where optimum tidal volume and airway pressure levels are debated, the present study was designed to differentiate the right ventricular (RV) consequences of increasing lung volume from those secondary to increasing airway pressure during tidal ventilation. The study was conducted by ...
Spencer Kirk T. - - 1999
Noninvasive assessment of right ventricular (RV) function is important clinically, but current techniques have limitations. Acoustic quantification (AQ) is an automated endocardial border detection technique that allows continuous determination of RV and right atrial (RA) area waveforms and may be useful for the assessment of RA and RV systolic and ...
Elatrous S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To document the effects of dobutamine on standard hemodynamics and right ventricular (RV) performance in patients exhibiting pulmonary edema following severe scorpion envenomation, and to characterize the tissue oxygenation profile in patients sustaining scorpion envenomation-related shock. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: An ICU in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Nineteen ...
Maeda M - - 1999
To assess diastolic function of the right ventricle (RV) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), biplane RV angiograms and RV pressures were analyzed in 19 HCM patients and in 13 normal subjects. RV and left ventricle (LV) pressures were measured using catheter-tip manometers. RV volumes were obtained from frame-by-frame tracings ...
Rossoni L V - - 1999
The available data suggests that hypotension caused by Hg2+ administration may be produced by a reduction of cardiac contractility or by cholinergic mechanisms. The hemodynamic effects of an intravenous injection of HgCl2 (5 mg/kg) were studied in anesthetized rats (N = 12) by monitoring left and right ventricular (LV and ...
Ruzicka M - - 1999
Mechanical stretch, ANG II, and alpha(1)-receptor stimulation may contribute to cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). Each of these mechanisms involves different signaling pathways for the cellular hypertrophic response. All three also activate the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger. In the present study we evaluated the hypothesis that activation of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger ...
Jerzewski A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Regional LV ischemia involving the septum affects LV systolic function and geometry. We investigated the effects of these changes on RV function and geometry. METHODS: In six closed-chest sheep end-systolic pressure-volume relationships (ESPVRs) were constructed from ventricular volumes, measured with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and matching intraventricular pressures, before ...
Langsetmo I - - 1999
Exercising horses have extremely high right and left atrial pressures. Limitation in ventricular function (i.e. relaxation) may play a role in these high pressures. We studied relaxation characteristics of the right ventricular myocardium and the impact of frusemide (2.0 mg/kg bwt i.v.) on these characteristics in horses exercising at 8, ...
Mannting F - - 1999
The significance of increased right ventricular (RV) tracer uptake in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) without pulmonary or valvular heart disease is unclear. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients with increased RV uptake on SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging and right heart catheterization within 4 wk were studied prospectively. Thirty-five individuals with ...
Vignon P - - 1999
We used color kinesis, a recent echocardiographic technique that provides regional information on the magnitude and timing of endocardial wall motion, to quantitatively assess regional right ventricular (RV) systolic and diastolic properties in 76 subjects who were divided into five groups, as follows: normal (n = 20), heart failure (n ...
Giustina A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess whether there could be any clinical and/or endocrine (spontaneous growth hormone [GH] secretion rate, baseline insulin-like growth factor-1 [IGF-1]) predictors and/or determinants of the acute effects of continuous intravenous infusion of recombinant human GH on hemodynamic parameters in 12 patients with ...
Byrick R J - - 1999
PURPOSE: We examined the effect of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) on the acute pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular (RV) dilation after fat embolism. METHODS: A bilateral cemented arthroplasty (BCA), created fat embolism in 20 dogs. In Part A, 12 dogs were randomized to an NO group (n=6, inhaled NO 40 ...
Efthimiadis G K - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Left ventricular diastolic function (LVDF) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) has been adequately studied, in contrast to right ventricular diastolic function (RVDF). In this study, RVDF in patients with AS was evaluated using pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography. METHODS: The study population comprised 20 patients ...
Kitano Y - - 1999
The effect of steady-state increases in abdominal pressure (Pab) on cardiac performance was studied in seven acutely instrumented swine with pneumoperitoneum (PP). The animal was placed on volume-preset ventilation, and PP was created by air insufflation. Cardiac output (CO), right atrial (Pra), left atrial (Pla), pericardial (Ppe), and abdominal inferior ...
Rogers J M - - 1999
Functional reentry has been hypothesized to be an underlying mechanism of ventricular fibrillation (VF); however, its contribution to activation patterns during fully developed VF is unclear. We applied new quantitative pattern analysis techniques to mapping data acquired from a 21 x 24 unipolar electrode array (2-mm spacing) located on the ...
Klima U P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Maximal right ventricular (RV) performance is influenced by left heart hemodynamics and hence coronary perfusion. We examined the role of myocardial perfusion of the right ventricle as potential determinant of maximal RV function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 6 canine isovolumic right heart preparations, incremental volumes were introduced into a ...
Bian X - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The low transmural pressure of the thin right ventricular (RV) wall may render it responsive to right coronary (RC) pressure-induced changes in systolic stiffness and account for the dependence of RV MVO2 on RC pressure (RCP). METHODS: In eight dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital and fentanyl, RCP was lowered from ...
Koide M - - 1999
Myocardial hypertrophy is one of the basic mechanisms by which the heart compensates for hemodynamic overload. The mechanisms by which hemodynamic overload is transduced by the cardiac muscle cell and translated into cardiac hypertrophy are not completely understood. Candidates include activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and angiotensin II receptor ...
Merlet P - - 1999
Norepinephrine (NE) reuptake function is impaired in heart failure and this may participate in myocyte hyperstimulation by the neurotransmitter. This alteration can be assessed by 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy. METHODS: To determine whether the impairment of neuronal NE reuptake was reversible after metoprolol therapy, we studied 18 patients (43+/-7 y) with ...
Sreeram N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of prolonged high pressure angioplasty for dilatation of calcified and stenotic cardiac conduits in children. DESIGN: A prospective study of consecutive patients presenting with calcified and stenotic conduits. SETTING: Two tertiary paediatric cardiology departments. METHODS: Sustained (up to five minutes), high pressure (up to 18 ...
Volders P G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The ventricular action potential exhibits regional heterogeneity in configuration and duration (APD). Across the left ventricular (LV) free wall, this is explained by differences in repolarizing K+ currents. However, the ionic basis of electrical nonuniformity in the right ventricle (RV) versus the LV is poorly investigated. We examined transient ...
Zile M R - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether the ameliorative effects of microtubule depolymerization on cellular contractile dysfunction in pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy apply at the tissue level. BACKGROUND: A selective and persistent increase in microtubule density causes decreased contractile function of cardiocytes from cats with hypertrophy produced by chronic right ventricular ...
Parikka H J - - 1999
The objective of this study was to examine the antiarrhythmic mechanisms of magnesium (Mg). The 12 patients who were selected for the study were given 12 mmol Mg sulphate followed by an infusion of 8 mmol/h. Ventricular effective refractory period (VERP). monophasic action potential duration at 50% and 90% repolarization ...
Izumi C - - 1999
This study was designed to clarify the validity of Doppler indices for assessment of the severity of congestive heart failure in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) Doppler indices, defined as the sum of isovolumic contraction time and relaxation time divided by the ejection time, ...
Kadhiresan V A - - 1999
Automatic capture verification can prolong pulse generator longevity and increase patient safety. However, the detection of evoked response following pacing is complicated due to afterpotentials caused by polarization of electrodes. This study describes a new capture verification scheme, which neutralizes the charges between the pacing electrodes. The hypothesis of the ...
Spencer K T - - 1999
Pulsed-wave Doppler analysis of tricuspid inflow and hepatic venous flow allows the determination of multiple parameters of right-ventricular (RV) diastolic function. This study sought to evaluate the influence of heart rate, age and tricuspid regurgitation on Doppler parameters of RV diastolic performance. We studied 80 subjects (20 normal and 60 ...
Ochiai Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND: No method has been available to assess the right ventricular (RV) pressure-volume relation in the operating room or intensive care unit. Left ventricular cross-sectional area measured by echocardiography using the technology of automated border detection has been used to construct left ventricular pressure-area (P-A) loops. In the human right ...
Billat V L - - 1999
PURPOSE: Between inefficient training and overtraining, an appropriate training stimulus (in terms of intensity and duration) has to be determined in accordance with individual capacities. Interval training at the minimal velocity associated with VO2max (vVO2max) allows an athlete to run for as long as possible at VO2max. Nevertheless, we don't ...
De Groot S H - - 1999
We have described the value of the diastolic slope of the MAP recording at the end of a pacing train as a qualifying marker for the induction of delayed afterdepolarization (DAD) dependent arrhythmias. In the present study (1) the behavior of the slope at different time points during a pacing ...
Honkonen E L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ventricle-unloading properties of dopexamine and iloprost and to compare their effects on right ventricular (RV) function and oxygen transport in patients with low RV ejection fraction (RVEF) after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, cross-over, clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty patients with proximal ...
Henein M Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine mechanisms underlying abnormalities of right ventricular (RV) diastolic function seen in heart failure. BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether these right-sided abnormalities are due to primary RV disease or are secondary to restrictive physiology on the left side of the heart. The latter regresses ...
Vos M A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Chronic, complete AV block (CAVB) in the dog leads to ventricular hypertrophy, which has been described as an independent risk factor for arrhythmias. In this model, we examined (1) whether the short- and long-term electrical adaptations predispose to acquired torsade de pointes arrhythmias (TdP) and (2) the nature of ...
LekanneDeprez R H - - 1998
A pressure-overload model in the rat by banding the pulmonary trunk (PT) was developed to investigate alterations in gene expression in left- and right-ventricular compartments during the transition from compensated right-ventricular (RV) hypertrophy to right heart failure. Right heart failure in rat is characterized by liver cirrhosis, hydrothorax and ascites. ...
Marcus J T - - 1998
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the development of pulmonary hypertension is common. This study was performed to assess the signs of right ventricular (RV) pressure overload and RV failure in COPD. In 8 COPD patients without primary cardiac disease, RV wall thickness, mass, and end-diastolic volume were measured by ...
Balbi A L - - 1998
This study was designed to analyze the impact of diminished renal perfusion pressure due to renal clipping on the rat model of adriamycin nephropathy. Male Wistar rats, divided into four groups (n = 9 per group) were injected with saline as control (C), adriamycin 3 ml/kg (Ad), saline with the ...
Klima U - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Maximal right ventricular (RV) function is influenced by left heart hemodynamics, possibly mediated by the interventricular scpturn (IVS). We examined the potential contribution of the IVS function to right heart function. METHODS: In 12 canine isovolumic right heart preparations, incremental volumes were introduced into a high compliance RV balloon ...
Heerdt P M - - 1998
The interaction between myocardial and vascular effects of anesthetics has a potential impact on how these drugs influence performance of the heart. Most studies have focused on volatile anesthetic effects on the left ventricle (LV) and systemic circulation. Whether the right ventricle (RV) and pulmonary circulation respond in a similar ...
Zile M R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether changes in the constitutive properties of the cardiac muscle cell play a causative role in the development of diastolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiocytes from normal and pressure-hypertrophied cats were embedded in an agarose gel, placed on a stretching device, ...
Baker A E - - 1998
In the intact animal, it is difficult to discriminate between the independent effects of series and direct ventricular interaction (DI) or the individual contributions of the pericardium and septum to DI. Left ventricular (LV) venous return (LVVR) and right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic pressure (RVEDP) were varied independently in a right-heart ...
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