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Results 301 - 350 of 899
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Sörensen Jens - - 2003
Dynamic 1-(11)C-acetate PET (AC-PET) allows quantification of myocardial blood flow and oxidative metabolism. We wanted to determine the accuracy of AC-PET in measuring cardiac output (CO) using first-pass analysis and the indicator dilution principle. Further, we wanted to investigate the pulmonary uptake of acetate in relation to left atrial filling ...
Smith Jordan L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Measurement of tricuspid annulus motion (TAM) is an easy way to estimate right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF). However the accuracy of two-dimensional (2-D) methods for analyzing the three-dimensional (3-D) structure of the tricuspid annulus has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the accuracy with which 2-D measurements of ...
D'Andrea Antonello - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze right ventricular (RV) myocardial function in competitive athletes with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy induced by either endurance or strength training. METHODS: Standard Doppler echo, maximal electrocardiogram (ECG) ergometric test, and pulsed tissue Doppler (TD) of LV mitral annulus and of RV ...
Ziegelhöffer-Mihalovicová Barbara - - 2003
In various models of cardiac hypertrophy, e.g. treatment of rats with norepinephrine infusion or pressure overload, increased expression of cytokines together with increase in extracellular matrix proteins (ECMP) was reported. In this study the effect of triiodothyronine (T3) on the expression of mRNA for cytokines and ECMP was investigated. Female ...
Malec Edward - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess changes in early and late haemodynamic status after the Norwood procedure (NP), caused by the implementation of right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt (RV-PA). METHODS: A consecutive series of 68 children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome underwent NP: Group 1 (n=31) with the ...
Qin Hao - - 2003
We tested whether the interventions typically required for optical mapping affect activation patterns during ventricular fibrillation (VF). A 21 x 24 unipolar electrode array (1.5 mm spacing) was sutured to the left ventricular epicardium of 16 anesthetized pigs, and four episodes of electrically induced VF (30-s duration) were recorded. The ...
Tsuruda Toshihiro - - 2003
Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a vasoactive and natriuretic peptide. While it is known that ADM is increased in failing human ventricles, the expression of ADM in human ventricular allografts remains unknown. The present study was designed to investigate tissue localization and intensity of ADM expression in ventricular biopsy specimens and to ...
Stoica Serban C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Brain death appears to predominantly affect the right ventricle (RV) and right ventricular failure is a common complication of clinical cardiac transplantation. It is not clear to what extent myocardial energy stores are affected in the operative sequence. We aimed to describe the time-dependent variation in high energy phosphate ...
Zanobini M - - 2003
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (CPS) for circulatory assistance during electrophysiological endocavitary procedures for ventricular tachycardia (VT) in high-risk patients. From January to June 1999, eight patients with VT not haemodynamically tolerated, underwent an electrophysiological mapping and ablation while supported with ...
Nguyen Quang T - - 2003
1. The influence of AII on contractile dysfunction, regulation of the tyrosine kinase-dependent signaling molecule extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and natriuretic peptide gene expression were examined in the noninfarcted left ventricle (NILV) and right ventricle (RV) during the early phase of remodeling post-myocardial infarct (MI) in the rat. The selective ...
Sugiura Takahiro - - 2003
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn is a clinical syndrome associated with a variety of cardiopulmonary diseases. Serial evaluation of pulmonary circulation and cardiac function is important, but available imaging techniques have been limited. A new Doppler index combining systolic and diastolic time intervals (the Tei index, which is a ...
Adamson Philip B - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the characteristics of continuously measured right ventricular (RV) hemodynamic information derived from an implantable hemodynamic monitor (IHM) in heart failure patients. BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic monitoring might improve the day-to-day management of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Little is known about the characteristics of long-term hemodynamic information ...
Rogers Jack M - - 2003
It has been proposed that ventricular fibrillation (VF) is driven by sustained reentry. However, mapping studies have not detected such "mother rotors" in large mammalian hearts. We mapped VF from three 21x12 unipolar electrode arrays in 6 pigs. Two of the arrays were adjacent to each other on the left-ventricular ...
Torsoni Adriana S - - 2003
We investigated the effects of acute pressure overload on activation of p160(ROCK) in rat myocardium. Constriction of transverse aorta, controlled to increase peak systolic pressure of ascending aorta by approximately 40 mmHg, induced a rapid association of RhoA with Dbl-3 and p160(ROCK). The binding of p160(ROCK) to RhoA was rapidly ...
Taggart Peter - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Enhanced sympathetic activity facilitates complex ventricular arrhythmias and fibrillation. The restitution properties of action potential duration (APD) are important determinants of electrical stability in the myocardium. Steepening of the slope of APD restitution has been shown to promote wave break and ventricular fibrillation. The effect of adrenergic stimulation on ...
Brimioulle Serge - - 2003
Assessment of right ventricular (RV) contractility from end-systolic pressure-volume relationships (ESPVR) is difficult due to problems in measuring RV instantaneous volume and to effects of changes in RV preload or afterload. We therefore investigated in anesthetized dogs whether RV ESPVR and contractility can be determined without measuring RV volume and ...
Hohimer A Roger - - 2003
We sought to examine both the short-term and residual effects of perinatal hypoxia on ventricular mass and function of mice. We postulated that the magnitude of the ventricular hypertrophy would be determined by the timing of the exposure, be linked to augmented atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) expression, and would persist ...
Taneja Taresh - - 2002
This study was designed to assess the effects of tachycardia origin, the significance of atrial contribution, and the effects of left ventricular ejection fraction on hemodynamically tolerated ventricular tachycardia (VT) and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Forty-one subjects with inducible hemodynamically tolerated VT (n = 24) or SVT (n = 17) with ...
Knollmann Björn C - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread use of the contact electrode for recording monophasic action potentials (MAPs) in both clinical and experimental research, the mechanism underlying the genesis of the contact MAP remains unproven. The "Franz hypothesis" assumes that the MAP is driven by a current source originating at the boundary between cells ...
Janssen Paul M L - - 2003
The progression of hypertension to cardiac failure involves systemic changes that may ultimately affect contractility throughout the heart. Spontaneous hypertensive heart failure (SHHF) rats have depressed left ventricular (LV) function, but right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is less well characterized. Ultrathin (87 +/- 5 mircom) trabeculae were isolated from end-stage failing ...
Inoue Hirotaka - - 2002
We examined the hemodynamic property of T-1032 (methyl 2-(4-aminophenyl)-1,2-dihydro-1-oxo-7-(2-pyridylmethoxy)-4-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-phenyl)-3-isoquinoline carboxylate sulfate), a novel selective phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, and evaluated the chronic effect of T-1032 on cardiac remodeling and its related death in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertensive rats. T-1032 (1, 10, 100 micro g/kg, i.v.) significantly reduced mean arterial ...
Pasipoularides Ares - - 2002
By limiting filling, abnormalities of right ventricular (RV) diastolic function may impair systolic function and affect adaptation to disease. To quantify diastolic RV pressure-volume relations and myocardial compliance (MC), a new sigmoidal model was developed. RV micromanometric and sonomicrometric data in alert dogs at control (n = 16) and under ...
Evans Frederick G - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Although numerous theories exist for the mechanisms of defibrillation, experimental data directly relating these mechanisms to the termination of reentry in whole hearts are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using video imaging technology, we recorded approximately 5,000 optical action potentials simultaneously from the anterior and posterior ventricular epicardium of rabbit ...
Kunichika Naomi - - 2002
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are difficult to assess by conventional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) because of emphysematous lungs or mediastinal deviation. We hypothesized that superior vena cava (SVC) flow is related to pulmonary circulation and may be useful for the detection of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with ...
Marcus Edward N - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: We evaluated a new method of shape analysis in defining right ventricle (RV) response to pressure overload. Twenty-five neonatal patients (13 with RV hypertension, 12 without) underwent echocardiographic imaging and reconstruction of RV regional chamber volumes over 1 cardiac cycle. Group tracing data in coronal, sagittal, and ...
Leather H Alex - - 2002
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is an important cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality, particularly in cardiac surgery. However, assessment of RV contractility remains difficult in clinical practice. Our goal in this study was to examine the value of preload-adjusted maximal power (PWR(max)/end-diastolic volume [EDV](2); PAMP) as an alternative to the ...
Nahrendorf Matthias - - 2003
Right ventricular (RV) weight increases dependent on time after myocardial infarction (MI) and on MI size. The sequential changes in RV volume and hemodynamics and their relations to left ventricular (LV) remodeling after MI are unknown. We therefore examined the time course of RV remodeling in rats with LV MI. ...
Maniar Hersh S - - 2003
Optimization of right atrial (RA) mechanics is important for maintaining right ventricular (RV) filling and global cardiac output. However, the impact of pericardial restraint on RA function and the compensatory role of the right atrium to changes in RV afterload remain poorly characterized. In eight open-chest sheep, RA elastance (contractility) ...
Danton Mark H D - - 2002
The conductance catheter method for measuring right ventricular (RV) volume changes was assessed in seven excised porcine hearts. A 5-FG conductance catheter was placed within a latex balloon and positioned in the RV cavity of seven freshly excised porcine hearts. Conductance was recorded while saline was withdrawn from the intraventricular ...
Alfakih Khaled - - 2002
PURPOSE: To compare right ventricular volume measurements and their reproducibility between steady-state free precession (SSFP) and conventional turbo gradient-echo (TGE) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Right ventricular volumes and observer variabilities were compared between SSFP and TGE in 31 subjects (21 normal volunteers and 10 subjects with heart failure). For further ...
Kurzyna Marcin - - 2002
Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is frequently performed in patients with suspected acute pulmonary embolism (APE) to search for right ventricular (RV) pressure overload. We prospectively assessed the diagnostic value of a new Doppler echocardiographic sign of APE based on the disturbed RV ejection pattern ("60/60 sign") and compared its diagnostic performances ...
Leder Uwe - - 2002
Impaired myocardial performance is known to be associated with electrical and mechanical beat-to-beat alternans phenomena. The alternans in blood pressure and heart rate and their interdependency in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) were studied. The arterial blood pressure and the electrocardiograph (ECG) were continuously recorded in 22 patients suffering from IDC ...
Neffke J G J - - 2002
To examine retrospectively the changes in ECG parameters over time and their correlation with other quantitative right ventricular (RV) function parameters in patients with chronic RV pressure overload caused by congenital heart disease. 48 patients with chronic RV pressure overload caused by the following congenital heart diseases were studied: nine ...
Weidemann Frank - - 2002
For porcine myocardium, ultrasonic regional deformation parameters, systolic strain (epsilon(sys)) and peak systolic strain rate (SR(sys)), were compared with stroke volume (SV) and contractility [contractility index (CI)] measured as the ratio of end-systolic strain to end-systolic wall stress. Heart rate (HR) and contractility were varied by atrial pacing (AP = ...
Liu X - - 2002
Overdose of tricyclic antidepressants, which inhibit cellular serotonin (5-HT) uptake, sometimes causes acute respiratory syndrome-like symptoms. Their acute and chronic cardiopulmonary actions, which might be implicated, utilising both in vivo and ex vivo animal studies, were investigated in this study. Acute amitriptyline (AMI), iprindole and imipramine caused dose-dependent prolonged rises ...
Mahmud Ehtisham - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine a quantitative relationship between right ventricular (RV) pressure overload and left ventricular (LV) diastolic filling characteristics in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). BACKGROUND: Right ventricular pressure overload in patients with CTEPH causes abnormal LV diastolic filling. However, a quantitative relationship between ...
Weidemann Frank - - 2002
The quantification of regional myocardial function in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) by conventional M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiography is difficult because of the complex right ventricular (RV) and altered left ventricular (LV) geometry. In 30 asymptomatic postoperative TOF patients (aged 4 to 16 years) with a low pressure in the right ...
Ueno Michihiko - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether the combination of an oral endothelin (ET)A receptor antagonist and an oral prostacyclin (PGI(2)) analogue is superior to the single use of each drug alone for treating pulmonary hypertension (PH). BACKGROUND: Treatment with intravenous PGI(2) or an ET(A) receptor antagonist was effective for PH; ...
Jones John E - - 2002
Current methods used to investigate pulmonary hypertension in rat models of the disease allow for only one to two measurements of pulmonary artery (PA) pressure in the life of a rat. We investigated whether transthoracic echocardiography can be used to assess the progression of pulmonary hypertension in rats at multiple ...
Nakanishi Kuniaki - - 2002
Experimental pulmonary hypertension induced in a hypobaric hypoxic environment (HHE) is characterized by structural remodelling of the heart. In rat cardiac ventricles, pressure and volume overload are well known to be associated with changes in cardiac myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms. To study the effects of HHE on the MHC ...
Wang Jingwei - - 2002
The beneficial effects of imidapril, an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor were investigated on changes in myofibrillar ATPase as well as myosin heavy chain (MHC) content and gene expression due to myocardial infarction (MI). Three weeks after occluding the left coronary artery, rats were treated with or without imidapril (1 ...
Segers Patrick - - 2002
To assess whether preload-adjusted maximal power (PAMP), which is calculated as W(max)/V (where W(max) is maximal power and V(ed) is end-diastolic volume with beta = 2) is an index of right ventricular (RV) contractility, we measured RV pressure (P) and volume (V) and pulmonary artery pressure and flow in 10 ...
Tobita Kimimasa - - 2002
Mechanical load influences embryonic ventricular growth, morphogenesis, and function. However, little is known about changes in regional passive ventricular properties during the development of altered mechanical loading conditions in the embryo. We tested the hypothesis that regional mechanical loads are a critical determinant of embryonic ventricular passive properties. We measured ...
Meyer F J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: As there is controversy about changes in lung function in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH), lung mechanics were assessed with a focus on expiratory airflow in relation to pulmonary haemodynamics. METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed in 64 controls and 171 patients with PPH (117 women) of mean (SD) ...
Tulevski Igor I - - 2002
We explored the effect of dobutamine stress and its possible clinical implications in different groups of asymptomatic patients with chronic right ventricular (RV) pressure overload due to congenital heart disease. Forty-seven asymptomatic and minimally symptomatic patients with chronic RV pressure overload were studied: 24 patients with systemic right ventricles (16 ...
Hamdan Mohamed H - - 2002
This study assesses the effect of biventricular pacing on sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) in patients with depressed ejection fraction and intraventricular conduction delay (IVCD). Biventricular pacing has been shown to result in hemodynamic improvement in patients with depressed ejection fraction and IVCD. The effect of biventricular pacing on SNA, however, ...
Bigatello L M - - 2002
The goal of hemodynamic monitoring is to maintain adequate tissue perfusion. Classical hemodynamic monitoring is based on the invasive measurement of systemic, pulmonary arterial and venous pressures, and of cardiac output. Since organ blood flow cannot be directly measured in clinical practice, arterial blood pressure is used, despite limitations, as ...
Hubka Michal - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography has been shown to offer highly accurate measurements of left ventricular (LV) volume and mass. The present study evaluated the accuracy of 3D surface reconstruction by the piecewise smooth subdivision method in measuring volume and mass not only in the LV but also in the more ...
Leeuwenburgh Boudewijn P J - - 2002
Diastolic function is a major determinant of ventricular performance, especially when loading conditions are altered. We evaluated biventricular diastolic function in lambs and studied possible load dependence of diastolic parameters [minimum first derivative of pressure vs. time (dP/dt(min)) and time constant of isovolumic relaxation (tau)] in normal (n = 5) ...
Tan Hiok C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Doppler spectrum of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is used to noninvasively assess right ventricular (RV) pressure. With mild TR, the native (Nat) TR envelope may not allow accurate pressure evaluation. Proprietary contrast agents, such as Levovist (Lev) can be used to augment TR Doppler and opacify right-sided heart chambers, but ...
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