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Results 201 - 250 of 1342
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Kim Jong Min - - 2010
A 5-month-old male Maltese with right-sided circling, deafness, and blindness was presented. A diagnosis of communicating hydrocephalus was made. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was implanted and the cerebrospinal fluid was drained by using an adjustable valve type (Medtronic Strata). The valve was set at 2.5 (135-155 mmH2O). This was done to ...
Park Eun-Hyoung - - 2010
OBJECT: Analysis of waveform data in previous studies suggests that the pulsatile movement of CSF may play a role in attenuating strong arterial pulsations entering the cranium, and its effectiveness in attenuating these pulsations may be altered by changes in intracranial pressure (ICP). These findings were obtained in studies performed ...
Maraković Jurica - - 2010
The effect of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) osmolarity on the CSF volume has been studied on different CSF/brain tissue contact areas. It has been shown, on anesthetized cats under normal CSF pressure, that the perfusion of CSF system (12.96 μl/min) by hyperosmolar CSF (400 mOsml/l) leads to significantly higher outflow volume ...
Wåhlin A - - 2010
The PVI(CC) of the craniospinal compartment defines the shape of the pressure-volume curve and determines the damping of cyclic arterial pulsations. Despite no reports of direct measurements of the PVI(CC) among healthy elderly, it is believed that a change away from adequate accommodation of cardiac-related pulsations may be a pathophysiologic ...
Carruth Bryant P - - 2010
Among the sequelae of persistent raised intracranial pressure (ICP) are ophthalmologic signs and symptoms, including cranial nerve palsies, visual field deficits, papilledema, and vision loss. Elevated pressure within the optic nerve sheath may not be relieved by shunt procedures, which can decrease generalized ICP. The authors present a case of ...
Mohammed T A - - 2010
Vestibular schwannomas are not uncommon, and gamma knife radiosurgery is one of the treatment options for symptomatic tumors. Hydrocephalus is a complication of gamma knife treatment of vestibular schwannoma, though the mechanism of the development of hydrocephalus remains controversial. We present an unusual case of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) after ...
De Simone Roberto - - 2010
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is consistently associated with venous outflow disturbances. Sinus venous stenosis are found at magnetic resonance venography in the large majority of IIH patients and may have various conformations, ranging from functional smooth narrowings of sinus segments associated or not with definite flow gaps, to segmental hypoplasia or ...
Budgell Brian S - - 2010
This study examined whether aligned or off-axis (subluxated) static and dynamic vertebral displacement within normal physiological ranges modulated cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSF) as is considered to occur by some chiropractic theories. Cerebrospinal fluid pressure pressure was measured via a subarachnoid catheter implanted at the lumbar level in 12 anesthetized adult ...
Bertram C D - - 2010
A finite-element numerical model was constructed of the spinal cord, pia mater, filum terminale, cerebrospinal fluid in the spinal subarachnoid space (SSS), and dura mater. The cord was hollowed out by a thoracic syrinx of length 140 mm, and the SSS included a stenosis of length 30 mm opposite this ...
Muthukumar M - - 2010
Levels of cyclodiene pesticides (aldrin, α-endosulfan, β-endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate and heptachlor) residues in muscle, liver and kidney tissues of buffalo were estimated. The effects of common cooking methods (microwave cooking, boiling, broiling and pressure cooking) on the levels of endosulfan were determined. Aldrin and total endosulfan (α-endosulfan, β-endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate) ...
Basati Sukhraaj S - - 2011
Knowledge of intracranial ventricular volume is important for the treatment of hydrocephalus, a disease in which cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) accumulates in the brain. Current monitoring options involve MRI or pressure monitors (InSite, Medtronic). However, there are no existing methods for continuous cerebral ventricle volume measurements. In order to test a ...
Dennhardt J - - 2010
In the absence of family history or overt chorea, the protean manifestations (cognitive, motor and behavioral) of Huntington disease (HD) may suggest alternative disease processes, particularly in elderly patients. Herein, we report on a nonagenarian with HD who did not manifest overt chorea until 91 years of age and was ...
Bono F - - 2010
Bilateral transverse sinus stenosis (BTSS) has been reported to be associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension without papilloedema in headache sufferers. To test the accuracy of short-term cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure monitoring through a lumbar needle for detection of elevated intracranial pressure in headache sufferers with BTSS, we prospectively performed lumbar ...
Webster Jeremy - - 2010
This paper investigates the wind noise pressure spectra measured by aerodynamically designed devices in turbulent flow. Such measurement probes are often used in acoustic measurements in wind tunnels to reduce the pressure fluctuations generated by the interaction of the devices with the incident flow. When placed in an outdoor turbulent ...
Iizuka Yusuke - - 2010
A 69-year-old woman underwent thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD). The initial CSF pressure was elevated to approximately 25 cmH(2)O, and clear CSF was continuously drained at a rate of 30 ml/h with the drainage level at 10-20 cmH(2)O. The CSF became bloody when cardiopulmonary bypass was ...
Catananti Chiara - - 2010
Rheumatoid arthritis may cause central nervous system complications by means of various mechanisms. We describe the case of a patient with a new diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) complicated by normal-pressure hydrocephalus. After treatment with prednisone, the patient improved remarkably as regards mental status, urinary control and gait. We suggest ...
Maurizi Charles P - - 2010
Errors can be instructive. It seems that Harvey Cushing and Louis Weed provided the medical world with a faulty theory of cerebrospinal fluid absorption. Louis Weed, working in Harvey Cushing's laboratory, initially studied the movement of substances in the cerebrospinal fluid by using low-pressure studies. Results of the low-pressure studies ...
Nuti Angelo - - 2010
Idiopathic low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure headache is considered to be one that worsens within 15 min of sitting-up or standing-up, accompanied by at least one of the following: neck stiffness, tinnitus, hypacusia, photophobia and nausea. Several reports suggest that a substantial number of idiopathic low CSF pressure cases do not ...
Hunter Gary - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) can be an elusive diagnosis, and poor visual outcomes may occur. Currently, the only means of accurately diagnosing and following these patients is with repeated lumbar puncture. Previous work has shown that transcranial doppler measurements of pulsatility correlate accurately with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). This ...
Avery Robert A - - 2010
The recommendation to measure cerebrospinal fluid opening pressure in the extended, rather than the flexed lateral recumbent position to avoid false elevation of the opening pressure has not been formally evaluated in children. This single-center prospective cohort study includes 53 children who had their opening pressure measured in both the ...
Masoumi Nafiseh - - 2010
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is derived from cerebral blood pressure and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulatory dynamics and can be affected in the course of many diseases. Computer analysis of the ICP time pattern plays a crucial role in the diagnosis and treatment of those diseases. This study proposes the application of ...
Bono F - - 2010
There are limited data on the relationship between normal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure and bilateral transverse sinus stenosis (BTSS); there are also several conflicting reports about the upper limit of normal CSF opening pressure. To evaluate the influence of BTSS on the upper limit of normal CSF opening pressure, ...
Hanigan William C - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study investigated changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), autoregulation (AR), and mean CO(2) reactivity (CO(2)r) in nine neonates, who underwent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion for congenital hydrocephalus. METHODS: During shunt insertion, a thermal diffusion probe inserted adjacent to the ventricular catheter in the right parietal region recorded ...
Alpert Bruce - - 2010
In this article, leaders of the AAMI Sphygmomanometer Committee report on their efforts to address home use issues in standards for blood pressure devices, and the importance of standards to ensuring safety and effectiveness of home use devices.
Giacomozzi Claudia - - 2010
A worldwide scientific discussion has been started in 2010 on the need for standardisation, assessment, and delivery of recommendations in the field of plantar pressure distribution measurement at different levels: hardware performance, measuring protocols, data processing, parameters and indicators in diagnosis and therapy. The Italian National Institute of Health (Istituto ...
El-Shafei Ismail L - - 2010
Retrograde ventriculovenous (RVV) shunts utilize the impact pressure of the venous bloodstream to maintain the intraventricular pressure more than the pressure in the draining venous channel and to maintain a continuous flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to the venous circulation at a rate equal to and dependent upon the rate ...
Diener Hans-Christoph - - 2010
This chapter deals with non-vascular intracranial disorders resulting in headache. Headache attributed to high or low cerebrospinal fluid pressure is separated into headache attributed to idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), headache attributed to intracranial hypertension secondary to metabolic, toxic, or hormonal causes, headache attributed to intracranial hypertension secondary to hydrocephalus, post-dural ...
Coffey Robert J - - 2010
Intrathecal drug delivery catheter malfunctions are a principal cause of therapy interruption. We determined that normal baseline intrathecal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure recordings could be obtained in an ovine model and in a catheter dislodgement scenario. Two sheep were implanted with spinal catheters: 2 in the T(6) epidural space in ...
Mabotuwana Thusitha - - 2010
Quality indicators are an important part of the primary care landscape, but focus strongly on point-in-time measurements, such as a patient's last blood pressure (BP) measurement. There is a larger space of possible measurements, including ones that more explicitly consider management over an interval of time. To determine the predictive ...
Eide Per K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We have previously seen that idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) patients having elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) pulse amplitude consistently respond to shunt surgery. In this study we explored how the cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) pulse amplitude determined during lumbar infusion testing, correlates with ICP pulse amplitude determined during over-night ...
Fragiacomo Giulio - - 2010
In the framework of developing innovative microfabricated pressure sensors, we present here three designs based on different readout principles, each one tailored for a specific application. A touch mode capacitive pressure sensor with high sensitivity (14 pF/bar), low temperature dependence and high capacitive output signal (more than 100 pF) is ...
Mueller Sebastian S Department of Medicine and Center for Alcohol Research, Liver Disease and Nutrition, Salem Medical Center, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2010
The noninvasive quantitation of liver stiffness (LS) by ultrasound based transient elastography using FibroScan® has revolutionized the diagnosis of liver diseases, namely liver cirrhosis. Alternative techniques such as acoustic radiation impulse frequency imaging or magnetic resonance elastography are currently under investigation. LS is an excellent surrogate marker of advanced fibrosis ...
Turgut Nilda - - 2010
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a syndrome caused by low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure due to leakage of CSF. Clinically, orthostatic headache, neck pain, nausea, emesis, interscapular pain, diplopia, dizziness, changes in hearing, visual blurring and radicular upper extremity symptoms are most frequently observed. We describe a 57-year-old man with ...
Scollato Antonio - - 2010
The aim of our pilot study was to investigate, by a proteomic approach, the expressed differences in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein patterns in order to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). Seventeen patients with NPH, selected by Intracranial-Pressure monitoring (ICPmo), underwent implantation of a shunt ...
Klein O - - 2010
The aim of this study was to monitor the 24 h cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) outflow and intracranial pressure (ICP) in hydrocephalic adult patients with external ventricular drainage (EVD). Twelve patients (5M/7F) aged 30-69 years suffering from acute hydrocephalus requiring EVD were admitted in the neuro-intensive care unit. The CSF collecting ...
Lee Shane Wei - - 2009
It has been postulated that cerebral venous outflow "obstruction" is a precipitating factor for many cases of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). We describe a 17-year-old woman with IIH, and "venous obstruction" repeatedly demonstrated on magnetic resonance venography (MRV) that within minutes resolved partially when the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure was ...
Ng Samuel E S - - 2009
PURPOSE: To define the value of Evans' index (EI), aqueductal flow rate (FR), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and to assess the ability of these markers preoperatively to predict shunt response. To shed some light as to the mechanisms responsible for the ...
Nagra Gurjit - - 2009
In some tissues, the injection of antibodies to the beta(1)-integrins leads to a reduction in interstitial fluid pressure, indicating an active role for the extracellular matrix in tissue pressure regulation. If perturbations of the matrix occur in the periventricular area of the brain, a comparable lowering of interstitial pressures may ...
Chen Zhen - - 2009
This study compares the effect and rehabilitation prognosis of 6-month combined ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) versus rehabilitation training alone in chronic normal-pressure hydrocephalus patients. METHOD: After suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, 39 subjects were diagnosed with chronic normal-pressure hydrocephalus because of clinical deterioration or nonimprovement of gait ataxia, cognitive disturbance, and/or ...
Hölper P - - 2009
We report a case with spinal cord ischemia and consecutive paraplegia following spontaneous isolated abdominal aortic dissection (IAAD). A 63-year-old female was admitted to the surgical emergency room with severe lumbar back pain and accompanying paresthesia of both legs. Contrast enhanced computed tomograpy (CT) of the abdomen showed an infrarenal ...
Chrysikopoulos Haris - - 2009
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) remains a mysterious entity, with several gaps in our understanding, despite intensive research. The current theory of its etiology is diminished vascular compliance with redistribution of vascular pulsations. The manifestations of NPH can be explained by the compression of parenchyma and vessels and the accumulation ...
Leliefeld Paul H - - 2009
Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in infants with hydrocephalus may cause (ir)reversible damage to the brain parenchyma but can be present without clinical signs and/or symptoms. Therefore, new, favorably noninvasive, detection methods are needed to distinguish between compensated hydrocephalus with normal intracranial pressure and slowly progressive hydrocephalus with increased intracranial pressure. ...
Killer Hanspeter E - - 2009
The term 'papilledema' is used to describe swelling of the optic disc that is thought or known to be associated with increased intracranial pressure (ICP) transmitted to the subarachnoid space (SAS) surrounding the optic nerve (ON). In most cases, the diagnosis of increased ICP is confirmed by lumbar puncture, the ...
Freer Sean R - - 2009
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) signal-void sign is a CSF signal loss, especially on T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. The CSF signal-void sign is often seen in small dogs with hydrocephalus and syringomyelia. In people, this sign is attributed to high velocity or turbulent CSF flow resulting from normal arterial pulsations, ...
Lim Ming Jin - - 2009
PURPOSE: The effects of pCO2 on cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) pressure measurement were observed in four patients. METHODS: Children presenting with either a diagnosis or suspected diagnosis of IIH, who were undergoing lumbar puncture under a general anaesthetic for pressure measurement, were recruited to study the relationship between pCO2 and ...
Linninger Andreas A - - 2009
CINE phase-contrast MRI (CINE-MRI) was used to measure cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) velocities and flow rates in the brain of six normal subjects and five patients with communicating hydrocephalus. Mathematical brain models were created using the MRI images of normal subjects and hydrocephalic patients. In our model, the effect of pulsatile ...
Bateman Grant A - - 2009
OBJECT: A collapsible segment in the venous outflow has been noted in many patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Mathematical modeling has shown that these collapsible segments can account for the elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressures associated with IIH. However, the model required an elevated outflow resistance of up to ...
Arnell Kai - - 2009
OBJECT: The authors investigated and compared the in vitro characteristics of 2 CSF shunts, the Strata NSC and the Codman Hakim, and their corresponding antisiphon devices (ASDs). METHODS: Six new CSF shunts and the corresponding ASDs for each model were tested in an automated, computerized experimental setup based on pressure ...
Chang Ta C - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the relative prevalence of glaucomatous disease in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) compared with age-matched non-NPH controls with hydrocephalus. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: Using International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) codes, we identified the medical records of 72 NPH cases and 72 age-matched controls with hydrocephalus treated ...
Kwon Brian K - - 2009
OBJECT: Ischemia is an important factor in the pathophysiology of secondary damage after traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and, in the setting of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair, can be the primary cause of paralysis. Lowering the intrathecal pressure (ITP) by draining CSF is routinely done in thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm surgery ...
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