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Poh K S - - 2007
Controversy surrounds the acceptance of hypertension as an independent risk factor for anaesthesia. In an attempt to identify variables that are associated with increased haemodynamic instability during surgery, the blood pressure profiles of 128 patients were analysed. The two variables that contributed most to the instability were pre-operative control of ...
Mancia Giuseppe - - 2007
In patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular and renal events, including macro and microvascular complications such as nephropathy. The risks are reduced when blood pressure is decreased, regardless of the treatment regimen, and intensive regimens have been found to offer greater protection than less ...
Bangalore Sripal - - 2007
Despite data on the importance of blood pressure control in preventing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, only 34% of hypertensive patients have their blood pressure under control. The National Council on Patient Information and Education has estimated that the compliance rate is just over 30% for chronic conditions like hypertension. Polypharmacy ...
Amar Jacques - - 2007
Hypertension remains uncontrolled in the majority of treated patients, especially those with multiple cardiovascular risk factors. This was demonstrated by a French study that showed that 70% of treated hypertensive patients are not controlled to the target level of 140/90 mmHg. This proportion reached 84% in hypertensive patients with diabetes ...
Chatti Ramzi - - 2007
As for other critically ill diseases, two key factors may markedly improved morbidity and mortality of acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS): early initiation of treatment and tailored therapy. Early initiation aims to stop the negative cascade of heart dysfunction. Tailored therapy should be based on the level of systolic blood ...
Chalmers John - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: ADVANCE (Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease - PreterAx and DiamicroN MR Controlled Evaluation) is a large-scale clinical trial designed to investigate the benefits of blood pressure lowering and intensive glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS AND PARTICIPANTS: ADVANCE is a 2 x 2 factorial ...
Bolli Peter - - 2007
Subjects with high normal blood pressure are at high risk of developing hypertension. Thus, the criteria of the Canadian Hypertension Education Program for diagnosis of hypertension and recommendations for follow-up now recommend that patients with high normal blood pressure (130 mmHg to 139 mmHg systolic and/or 85 mmHg to 89 ...
Lewanczuk Richard - - 2007
Achieving blood pressure targets in hypertension can be challenging. Often, patients require multiple medications to reach these targets. The Canadian Hypertension Education Program has updated its past recommendations to reflect current knowledge regarding effective antihypertensive combinations. Evidence for the use of specific drug combinations in achieving blood pressure targets has ...
- - 2007
The present paper summarizes and highlights key messages of the 2007 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the management and diagnosis of hypertension. This is the eighth annual update. Important new messages in the 2007 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations emphasize the need for assessing adults with high normal blood ...
Khan Nadia A - - 2007
To provide updated, evidence-based recommendations for the prevention and management of hypertension in adults. For lifestyle and pharmacological interventions, evidence was reviewed from randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews of trials. Changes in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality were the primary outcomes of interest. However, for lifestyle interventions, blood pressure lowering ...
Long, Genia
<sec><st>Aims</st> We estimated what the improved treatment of high blood pressure with anithypertensive drug therapy has contributed to U.S. public health, in terms of reductions in excess premature deaths from cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarctions, and strokes. </sec> <sec><st>Methods and Results</st> Using national survey data to estimate blood pressures in the ...
Karras David J - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Recommendations for the treatment of emergency department (ED) patients with asymptomatic severely elevated blood pressure advise assessment for occult, acute hypertensive target-organ damage. This study determines the prevalence of unanticipated, clinically meaningful test abnormalities in ED patients with asymptomatic severely elevated blood pressure. METHODS: This was a prospective ...
Fuchs Flávio D - - 2007
A large proportion of patients with hypertension require a second blood pressure-lowering drug to reach blood pressure control. None of the major clinical trials of blood pressure drugs have compared, in a random fashion, the efficacy of the second drug in the prevention of hard outcomes and only one large ...
Reffelmann Thorsten - - 2007
Vardenafil is a selective phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor approved for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. It was found to be effective in a high percentage of patients and a broad spectrum of underlying conditions. It potentiates the increase in intracellular cGMP in the corpora cavernosa in response to sexual stimuli, resulting in ...
Flaa Arnljot - - 2007
Hypertension is a high-prevalence disease that may affect several organs. In recent years, data have accumulated indicating that angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) may have a supplementary effect beyond lowering blood pressure. The aim of this review is to evaluate the impact of ARBs on the most important complications of ...
Rogers Robert L - - 2007
Hypertension is a medical condition commonly seen in the outpatient setting. Primary care providers should be aware that asymptomatic hypertension, despite the degree of elevation, is rarely an emergency. Based on consensus guidelines from the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure and the ...
Nash David T - - 2007
Despite recognition that hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular events and mortality, blood pressure control rates remain low in the US population. Reflecting clinical trial results, hypertension management guidelines assert the clinical benefit of achieving current blood pressure goals and indicate that most patients will require 2 or ...
Materson Barry J - - 2007
Heterogeneity of treatment effects (HTE) is a measure of the variations in individual treatment response to the same agent across a population. Hypertension affords an appropriate model for investigators of HTE. Use of blood pressure measurement guidelines and consistent techniques help to reduce the potential variability associated with clinician measurements. ...
Elliott William J - - 2007
Hypertension is a growing public health problem worldwide. Only 37% of American hypertensives currently have their blood pressures controlled. Hypertension is traditionally diagnosed in the medical office, but both home and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring can help. Lifestyle modifications are recommended for everyone who has higher than "normal" blood pressure ...
Lane Deirdre A - - 2007
METHODS: We have conducted an open observational study of the use of spironolactone 25-50 mg in the management of patients with resistant hypertension. This drug was recommended in 133 patients who were already receiving an angiotensin-blocking drug in addition to other therapies. RESULTS: Of these, three defaulted from follow-up and ...
Schulenburg Margaret - - 2007
Hypertensive emergencies are characterized by acute blood pressure elevations and potential for end organ damage. The critical care nurse must understand the pathophysiology to appreciate the therapeutic management and complications associated with the devastating clinical event. Stroke, renal damage and failure, retinopathy, aortic dissection, and encephalopathy are among the sequelae ...
Svensson Staffan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective ways of treating hypertension, only a minority of all hypertensive people reach target blood pressure levels. This may be a function of how patients and physicians put measured values into context when they decide if the blood pressure is well controlled or too high. METHODOLOGY: ...
Feldstein Carlos - - 2007
Hypertensive emergencies are life-threatening conditions because their course is complicated with acute target organ damage. They can present with neurological, renal, cardiovascular, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and obstetric complications. After diagnosis, they require the immediate reduction of blood pressure (in <1 hour) with intravenous drugs such as sodium nitroprusside, administered in ...
Lewis Edmund J - - 2007
Arterial blood pressure is a major determinant of renal and cardiovascular outcomes in diabetic nephropathy. There is a proportional relationship between the systolic blood pressure and renal and mortality outcomes. Decreasing the diastolic pressure does not significantly decrease these outcomes. Irrespective of the magnitude of pretreatment systolic hypertension in the ...
Sudano Isabella - - 2007
Endothelin-1 exerts vasoactive, pro-inflammatory, hypertrophic, and profibrotic properties on the heart, kidney, and blood vessels. Hence, endothelin-receptor antagonists hold the potential to reduce blood pressure and to prevent complications of hypertension, atherosclerosis, and diabetes through blood pressure-independent effects on cardiovascular growth, inflammation, and fibrosis. These potentially important effects of endothelin ...
Thaver, V; ;
This article discusses seven issues in the management of hypertension in diabetic patients, namely the importance of blood pressure control, optimal blood pressure control levels, the importance of blocking the renin-angiotensin system, the inevi-tability of combination anti-hypertensive therapy, drug choices, the diabetogenic effects of high dose thiazide diuretics and beta-blockers ...
Battegay Edouard J - - 2007
The microcirculation largely determines peripheral vascular resistance and substantially contributes to arterial hypertension. In both human arterial hypertension and animal models of hypertension, genetic, fetal and other mechanisms associated with hypertension can reduce the formation and number of microvessels (i.e. parallel-connected arterioles and capillaries). Impaired formation of microvessels (impaired angiogenesis) ...
Chinnaiyan Kavitha M - - 2007
Among the general heart failure (HF) population, over half have diastolic HF (DHF). The proportion of DHF increases with age, from 46% in patients younger than 45 years to 59% in patients older than 85 years. The diagnosis of DHF is made by the combination of signs and symptoms of ...
Egi Moritoki - - 2007
The choice of vasopressors to treat vasodilatory shock after cardiac surgery is a matter of controversy. We have systematically reviewed the literature and found that the data are insufficient to guide choice of agent. However, we found sufficient evidence that when a target blood pressure can not be achieved with ...
Bagshaw Sean M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Diuretics are a common intervention in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). However, there is no information that describes the practice patterns of diuretic use by clinicians. METHODS: Multinational, multicenter survey of intensive care and nephrology clinicians that utilized an 18-question self-reported questionnaire. RESULTS: The survey generated ...
Feneck Robert - - 2007
The management of hypertension continues to pose important challenges. Recent developments have established the importance of more rigorous blood pressure control in the community. In the perioperative setting, hypertension has long been recognised as undesirable, although the adverse impact of high blood pressure on the acute risks of elective surgery ...
Choe Hae Mi - - 2007
PURPOSE: A study was conducted to characterize the prevalence of hypertension in patients with diabetes mellitus and the percentage of patients with diabetes and hypertension who achieved a targeted blood pressure goal (<135/80 mm Hg). METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted in an ambulatory care clinic. Eligible patients were ...
Sevransky Jonathan E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Patients with sepsis suffer high morbidity and mortality. We sought to conduct a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the association between hemodynamic goals of therapy and patient outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of the literature to systematically review hemodynamic goals used in clinical trials in ...
Degoute Christian-Serge - - 2007
For half a century, controlled hypotension has been used to reduce bleeding and the need for blood transfusions, and provide a satisfactory bloodless surgical field. It has been indicated in oromaxillofacial surgery (mandibular osteotomy, facial repair), endoscopic sinus or middle ear microsurgery, spinal surgery and other neurosurgery (aneurysm), major orthopaedic ...
Sarafidis Pantelis A - - 2007
The presence of proteinuria is a well-known risk factor for both the progression of renal disease and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and decreases in urine protein excretion level were associated with a slower decrease in renal function and decrease in risk of cardiovascular events. Increased blood pressure has a major ...
Sloand James A - - 2007
Hypertension is a major cause and contributor to stroke, heart and kidney disease. Despite the development of an arsenal of medication to treat hypertension over the past half-century, adequate treatment continues to be a major problem in the United States. The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III) shows ...
Park Jeanie - - 2007
Resistant hypertension is defined as failure to achieve goal blood pressure despite adherence to 3 different antihypertensive medications, one of which must be a diuretic. True resistant hypertension must be distinguished by apparent resistant hypertension, of which an important cause is medication nonadherence, which can be recognized through a variety ...
Sheridan Stacey - - 2007
Hypertension (persistent diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or higher and systolic blood pressure 140 mm Hg or higher) affects 20% of the world's adult population, and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, end stage renal disease, and retinopathy. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed ...
Petrella Robert J - - 2007
Since most cases of hypertension are managed in family practice, estimates of the prevalence, treatment, and control in the primary care population are needed to adequately address the burden of hypertension in Canada as it has in other countries. The authors used a large primary care research database to determine ...
Gradman Alan H - - 2007
Aliskiren is a potent, highly specific renin inhibitor with better oral bioavailability than earlier renin inhibitors and a long plasma half-life that makes it suitable for once-daily dosing. The efficacy and safety of aliskiren in treating hypertension has been studied in clinical trials both as monotherapy, comparing it with existing ...
Thompson Ana Luz - - 2007
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and severity of hypertension in a dental hygiene clinic and evaluate factors related to the disease. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Records of 615 patients, treated by dental hygiene students during 2003, were reviewed. Data collected included systolic and diastolic blood ...
Borbolla Damian - - 2007
Information Technology (IT) enables health care providers to manage patients with chronic conditions through identification, follow up and administration of specific interventions. In our setting, we developed a surveillance system for chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to show its efficacy on monitoring blood pressure throughout a cluster ...
Igic Rajko - - 2007
Effective blood pressure control with a large arsenal of conventional antihypertensive drugs, such as diuretics, beta-adrenergic blockers, and calcium channel blockers, significantly reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. However, blood pressure control with these drugs does not reduce cardiovascular disease risks to the levels in normotensive persons. ...
Otero Manuel Luque - - 2007
High blood pressure (BP) is the major cardiovascular risk factor and the main cause of death around the world. Control of blood pressure reduces the high mortality associated with hypertension and the most recent guidelines recommend reducing arterial BP values below 140/90 mmHg for all hypertensive patients (130/80 in diabetics) ...
Yancy Clyde W CW Baylor Heart and Vascular Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75246, USA. - - 2007
Nesiritide is a recombinant form of human B-type natriuretic peptide, a naturally occurring endogenous hormone released by cardiac ventricles in response to an increase in ventricular wall stress. Its use in the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) has been evaluated in a series of randomised controlled clinical trials. ...
Ong Kwok Leung - - 2007
Detection of hypertension and blood pressure control are critically important for reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes. We analyzed the trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the United States in the period 1999-2004. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 ...
Kloner R - - 2007
Recent analyses suggest that about 67-68% of men with hypertension have some degree of erectile dysfunction (ED). With about 25 million men in the US with hypertension, substantial numbers of hypertension-related ED exist that tend to be of a more severe nature than the general population. Men with ED are ...
Al-Azzam Sayer Ibrahim - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Control of blood pressure remains suboptimal worldwide. High rates of undiagnosed and untreated hypertensive patients raise the need of searching for the basis of this situation among prescribing physicians. AIM: To evaluate the awareness of medical residents and practicing physicians in Jordan about the treatment of high blood pressure ...
Ferdinand Keith C - - 2006
Cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in the United States and other developed societies, can be managed with intensive risk factor modification, including treatment of hypertension and dyslipidemia. Evidence for reduction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is summarized in evidence-based guidelines, primarily for hypertension in the Seventh Report of ...
Hicks Paul C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension increases micro- and macrovascular complications of diabetes. The goal for blood pressure is <130/80 mmHg. In primary care, however, blood pressure in many patients exceeds this goal. In this study, we evaluated the clinical decision-making process when a patient with diabetes presents with elevated blood pressure. RESEARCH DESIGN ...
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