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Results 251 - 300 of 1813
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Celik Mehmet - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Advanced age, dilated right atrium, increased preoperative pulmonary artery pressure, increased right atrial pressure, technique of operation, and poor ventricular function were reported to be risk factors for postoperative arrhythmia. Aim of this study is to determine the risk factor for postoperative arrhythmia after Fontan operation with regard to ...
Biersteker Heleen A R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To determine adherence to Brain Trauma Foundation guidelines for intracranial pressure monitoring after severe traumatic brain injury, to investigate if characteristics of patients treated according to guidelines (ICP+) differ from those who were not (ICP-), and whether guideline compliance is related to 6-month outcome. DESIGN:: Observational multicenter study. PATIENTS:: ...
Catena Cristiana - - 2012
Aim: A prothrombotic state is associated with organ damage in hypertensive patients. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is an early marker of vascular damage that anticipates the development of atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between subclinical carotid damage and markers of the prothrombotic ...
Catena Cristiana - - 2012
Aim: A prothrombotic state is associated with organ damage in hypertensive patients. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is an early marker of vascular damage that anticipates the development of atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between subclinical carotid damage and markers of the prothrombotic ...
Neldam Steen - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Most patients with hypertension require combination therapy to achieve optimal reduction of blood pressure (BP). The angiotensin II receptor blocker, telmisartan, provides 24-hour BP-lowering efficacy and is proven to prevent cardiovascular morbidity in high-risk patients. METHODS: Pooled data from seven randomized controlled trials (3,654 patients with stage 1-2 hypertension) ...
Miyagawa Sonoko - - 2012
Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) combination therapy has been shown to produce a prompt reduction in clinic blood pressure (BP) without serious adverse effects; however, long-term antihypertensive efficacy on home BP has not been fully investigated. In this open-label multicenter observational study, a total of 151 hypertensive patients uncontrolled with ...
Feldstein Carlos - - 2012
A nondipping BP pattern has been shown to be predictive of end-organ damage, cardiovascular events, and mortality. The mechanisms of blunted nocturnal BP fall are multifactorial. We assessed whether total corrected serum calcium and ionic calcium (iCa) are associated with a blunted nocturnal BP fall in both treated and untreated ...
Antonelli A - - 2012
Hypertension has been suggested to exert pro-inflammatory actions through increased expression of several mediators, including chemokines. Chemokines are involved in inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, and in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions through promotion of inflammatory cell migration. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of high blood ...
Nesher Ronit - - 2012
Vascular insufficiency is considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Autoregulation of blood flow in the eye has been shown to be impaired in NTG, resulting in the inability to compensate for changes in intraocular pressure or blood pressure in order to maintain adequate ...
Oguanobi Nelson I - - 2012
Involvement of the cardiovascular autonomic nervous system in various diseases is often associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to examine the clinical features associated with cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in adult Nigerians with sickle cell anaemia. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 62 ...
Luers Jan Christoffer - - 2012
We sought to investigate patients' tolerance of sialendoscopy of the parotid and submandibular glands with local anesthesia. In a retrospective case series of 84 adult patients who underwent sialendoscopy with local anesthesia at an academic tertiary referral hospital, we analyzed patients' demographic data, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status score, ...
Lim Beatrice - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the advantages of using pressure support ventilation (PSV) vs spontaneous ventilation via ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway in children undergoing ambulatory surgery. Background:  In our ambulatory surgical unit, the use of unassisted spontaneous breathing via laryngeal mask airway is a common anesthetic technique during general anesthesia. However, this ...
Sinha Arvind - - 2012
To compare the efficacy of low- versus medium-pressure shunts in pediatric hydrocephalus in a randomized controlled trial. Forty patients of pediatric hydrocephalus were randomized into two groups. The Chhabra differential pressure VP shunt (low or medium) was inserted in every patient. Postoperative follow-up was performed for symptomatic improvement and radiological ...
Lagro Joep - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Orthostatic hypotension, postprandial hypotension, and carotid sinus hypersensitivity are hypotensive syndromes with high prevalence in older people. However, their pathophysiology and prognostic significance remain largely unknown. METHODS:: In a retrospective cohort study of 313 consecutive patients visiting our falls outpatient clinic, we examined the clustering of orthostatic hypotension, postprandial ...
Sreedharan Sapna Erat - - 2012
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) are common considerations in young patients presenting with isolated intracranial hypertension. We report two patients with progressive visual failure and polyradiculopathy with areflexic quadriparesis, secondary to raised intracranial pressure (ICP). Both underwent cerebrospinal fluid diversion with complete recovery. Such a ...
Shibasaki Masayuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: Endotracheal tube intra-cuff pressure should be maintained between 20 and 30 cmH(2)O to prevent damage to the tracheal wall. However, cuff pressure is rarely measured, and clinicians estimate cuff pressure poorly. The goal of the present study was to predict the cuff volume that produces optimal cuff pressure either from ...
Abdal-Barr Mohamed G - - 2012
Aims: We explored whether QT corrected dispersion (QTcD) can identify left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensives. Methods. We enrolled 100 hypertensive patients (study group) and 30 normotensive subjects (control group). Echocardiography was performed to measure left ventricular mass and left ventricular mass index. Electrocardiogram was performed to measure QTcD. Results. ...
KrasiƄska Beata - - 2012
Many patients with glaucoma suffer from arterial hypertension (AH). It has been proved that both AH and low blood pressure (BP) at night are important vascular risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The aims of this study were to assess the severity of pathological changes within the optic nerve ...
Terawaki Hiroyuki - - 2012
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between blood pressure (BP, mm Hg) measured by patients in the morning at home and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which is a strong predictor for morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We recorded self-measured morning ...
Takasaki Kunitsugu - - 2012
Background: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is a powerful independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients. Abnormal LV geometric patterns are also associated with hypertensive complications, and concentric hypertrophy is associated with the highest mortality in hypertensive patients. However, the relationship between geometric patterns and cardiac dysfunction is not ...
Giles Thomas D - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:299-306. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This pooled analysis of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring data from two 8-week randomized controlled trials compared the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of combination aliskiren/valsartan vs valsartan alone in hypertensive patients (nocturnal dippers or nondippers). At study end, patients were ...
Kwon Beom-June - - 2012
Dyssynchrony is common in asymptomatic patients with hypertension. We sought to investigate the impact of antihypertensive treatment on dyssynchrony in patients with hypertension. A total of sixty patients who had uncomplicated hypertension that had never been treated (treatment-naïve hypertensive patients) underwent echocardiographic evaluations of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony at baseline ...
Vera P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective was to study the antipyretic and hemodynamic effects of three different drugs used to treat fever in critically ill patients. METHODS: Design and setting: Prospective, observational study in a 16-bed, general ICU of a university hospital. Patient population: We studied 150 patients who had a febrile episode ...
Di Iorio Biagio - - 2012
Background: Hemodialysis patients have a high cardiovascular mortality, and hypertension is the most prevalent treatable risk factor. We aimed to assess the predictive significance of dialysis-to-dialysis variability in blood pressure in hemodialysis patients. Methods: We performed a historical cohort study in 1,088 prevalent hemodialysis patients, followed up for 5 years. ...
Henriksen Jens H - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Patients with cirrhosis have cardiovascular dysfunction and altered mechanical properties of large and small arteries. This study was undertaken in order to analyze the arterial pressure curve in relation to mean arterial pressure level, stroke volume, and severity of liver disease. Materials and methods. Forty-one patients with cirrhosis ...
Martínez-Saldivar Belinda - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increased blood pressure (BP) is common after liver transplantation. However, there is scarce information on its control. METHODS: In this prospective, cross-sectional, multicenter study, we determined BP according to the recommended international standards in 921 liver transplant patients during one routine outpatient visit to assess their grade of control ...
Ekart Robert - - 2012
Background: Hypertension is common and contributes to high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. It is unknown which blood pressure (BP) better defines the influence on cardiovascular mortality. The purpose of our study was to analyze the relationship between various BP measurements, traditional risk factors, markers of asymptomatic ...
Raymondos Konstantinos - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Recent experimental data suggest that continuous external negative-pressure ventilation (CENPV) results in better oxygenation and less lung injury compared to continuous positive-pressure ventilation (CPPV). The effects of CENPV in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remain unknown. METHODS: We compared 2h CENPV with 2h CPPV. The six ...
Cnossen Trijntje T - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare fluid state, ambulatory blood pressure, and sodiumremoval in automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) and continuous ambulatory peritonealdialysis (CAPD). This observational, cross-sectional study comprised 20 APD and 24 CAPD patients with a mean duration on peritoneal dialysis of 30±26 and 21 ±23 months, respectively. ...
Jie Gu - - 2012
Objective: End-digit preference is common in blood pressure (BP) measurement, but there are no data available on end-digit preference in China. The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of end-digit preference in Chinese hospitalized patients and to explore its risk factors.Methods:We used systematic sampling to investigate the ...
Wiwatworapan Weerapan - - 2012
The inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter is often used to estimate central venous pressure (CVP); however, the correlation and the cutoff of IVC compared with CVP have not yet been described in a Thai-population. A cross-sectional study evaluated the critically ill patients in the medical intensive care unit who had ...
Tanboga Ibrahim Halil - - 2012
Although mitral valve (MV) resistance has been proposed as a new index for the determination of hemodynamic consequence in patients with mitral stenosis (MS), the relationship between this resistance and signs of hemodynamic deterioration, such as the elevation of pulmonary artery pressure and plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), ...
Northup Patrick G - - 2012
Non-selective beta-blockers have been a cornerstone of therapy for prevention of esophageal variceal bleeding in cirrhosis patients for more than two decades. When lowering the hepatic vein portal pressure gradient (HVPG) below 12 mm Hg or decreasing the pressure by 20% from baseline, these drugs are of proven benefit in reducing variceal ...
Sharma Arya M AM Chair for Obesity Research & Management, University of Alberta, Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. - - 2012
Hypertensive patients with diabetes often require combination therapy to achieve a blood pressure (BP) goal, and evidence suggests that time to BP goal is crucial to decrease cardiovascular risk. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the single-pill combination of telmisartan and amlodipine was superior to amlodipine alone ...
Daugherty Stacie L - - 2012
Despite a recent American Heart Association (AHA) consensus statement emphasizing the importance of resistant hypertension, the incidence and prognosis of this condition are largely unknown. This retrospective cohort study in 2 integrated health plans included patients with incident hypertension in whom treatment was begun between 2002 and 2006. Patients were ...
Ordu Serkan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Subjects with nondipper hypertension carry a higher risk of cardiovascular events than their normotensive counterparts. The present study was designed to investigate cystatin C levels in patients with dipper and nondipper hypertension. METHODS:: Eighty-eight consecutive patients who had been treated with antihypertensive drugs for at least 6 months were ...
Wei Kevin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pulmonary and systemic hemodynamic effects of Definity in patients with normal as well as those with elevated pulmonary artery pressure at baseline. Secondary objectives of the study were to evaluate safety and determine whether any potential immunologic reactions develop after ...
Shantsila Alena - - 2012
Patients with malignant hypertension (MHT) have persistent vascular dysfunction and a much worse clinical prognosis than non-MHT hypertensive patients, despite good long-term blood pressure (BP) control. We hypothesized that abnormal arterial (arterial elastance (Ea); arterial elastance index (EaI)) and ventricular (End-systolic elastance (Ees) and End-diastolic elastance (Eed)) elastances are present ...
Libhaber Elena N - - 2012
One year of antihypertensive therapy may normalise left ventricular (LV) structure in 51% of hypertensive patients of European descent. Whether similar effects can be achieved in patients of African descent, who have a high prevalence of concentric LV hypertrophy (LVH) and remodelling, is unknown. In 103 hypertensive patients in the ...
Imrich Richard - - 2012
Several studies showed signs of autonomic dysfunction in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Adrenomedullary function might be of importance for pSS pathogenesis by affecting salivary gland functions and modulating immune responses. The aim of the study was to evaluate the adrenomedullary hormonal system in patients with pSS. The glucagon ...
Krzych Lukasz J - - 2012
Hypertension occurs in up to 80% of patients scheduled to coronary artery by-pass grafting (CABG). In hemodynamically stable patients all anti-hypertensive drugs should be continued till a day of surgery. For vast majority of patients there is no need to use blood pressure lowering agents during CABG, however it is ...
Messerotti Benvenuti Simone - - 2012
Evidence has revealed that elevated blood pressure is associated with reduced sensitivity to noxious stimulation. The current study investigated the association between resting blood pressure and nociception during anesthesia in 32 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Pain-related middle latency cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (MLCEPs) elicited by noxious 50 mA median nerve stimulation ...
Zussman Matthew E ME The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. - - 2012
Infants and children with repaired congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) often continue to show delayed growth and development that may be, in part, secondary to unrecognized persistence of increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Data were reviewed from all patients ages 6-36 mo with repaired CDH who underwent cardiac catheterization from 2007 ...
Grasso Salvatore - - 2012
To assess whether partitioning the elastance of the respiratory system (E (RS)) between lung (E (L)) and chest wall (E (CW)) elastance in order to target values of end-inspiratory transpulmonary pressure (PPLAT(L)) close to its upper physiological limit (25 cmH(2)O) may optimize oxygenation allowing conventional treatment in patients with influenza ...
Ishigami Keiichiro - - 2012
Pneumonia is one of the most frequent complications in elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke. Although severe hypertension is often observed in the early phase of acute stroke, there are few studies of acute hypertension as a factor influencing the incidence of stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) in elderly subjects with acute ...
Ekart Robert - - 2012
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is the most frequent cardiac abnormality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. It is related to cardiovascular diseases and is an important risk factor for mortality in HD patients. Arterial hypertension is an established risk factor for LVH in HD patients. Inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter is a ...
Hahn R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>We conducted a prospective study to test the validity of a new continuous non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) monitor (CNAP) (CNAP™ Monitor 500). METHODS: /st>One hundred patients undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia were included in the study after informed written consent. The CNAP finger cuffs were placed on the ...
Shah Anoop - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: A clinical paper examining the benefits of changes in dialysate sodium concentration in a broad range of HD patients and in reducing the risks of intra-dialytic hypotension and hypertension. ABSTRACT: Introduction:  There has been debate as to the value of lower sodium dialysates to control blood ...
Ferdinand Keith C - - 2012
Previously, we reported the efficacy of aliskiren/amlodipine in US minority adults with stage 2 hypertension, with additional blood pressure (BP) lowering from the addition of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). A subgroup analysis in patients with hypertension and comorbidities of diabetes, cardiometabolic syndrome, or obesity, and in black participants is reported. This 8-week, ...
Maida Vincent - - 2012
A prospective case series was studied to assess the potential for complete healing of wounds among patients with advanced illness referred to a regional palliative care program in Toronto, Canada. Two hundred and eighty-two patients, of which 148 were primarily diagnosed with cancer and 134 with non cancer advanced illness, ...
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