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Results 201 - 250 of 1787
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Omboni Stefano - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the antihypertensive efficacy of olmesartan medoxomil and ramipril on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in elderly hypertensive patients by pooled data analysis of two studies with identical designs (one Italian, one European). METHODS:: After a 2-week placebo wash-out 1453 elderly hypertensive patients (65-89 years; sitting office DBP ...
King-Schultz Leslie - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:396-400. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Shorter-interval (6-hour) ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has been shown to correlate well with 24-hour ABPM in adults, but this has not been studied in children. The authors selected 131 patients aged 9 to 18 who underwent 24-ABPM from 2000-2008. ...
Takenaka Tsuneo - - 2012
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a leading disease that requires renal replacement therapy. The progression of renal dysfunction in DN is faster than the other renal diseases. While antihypertensive therapy reduces albuminuria, a good indicator for the progression, hypertension in DN is treatment resistant. Among patients with DN who took angiotensin ...
Keller Geoffray - - 2012
To assess if combining central venous pressure (CVP) and/or pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) information with arterial pulse pressure variation can increase the ability to predict fluid responsiveness in patients under general anesthesia. This study is a retrospective analysis of patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass surgery and monitored with ...
Sarzani Riccardo - - 2012
BackgroundThe aim of this study was to evaluate whether body mass index (BMI) is independently correlated with plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) in treated essential hypertensive patients, and whether the relationship between BMI and high blood pressure (BP) can be partially mediated by PAC despite renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade.MethodsThis study used a ...
Kanaoka Tomohiko - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;00:000-000. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Aliskiren is a direct renin inhibitor that exerts its effect at the rate-limiting step of the renin-angiotensin system. This study was performed to examine the beneficial effects of aliskiren-based antihypertensive therapy on the ambulatory blood pressure (BP) profile, central hemodybamics, and ...
He Quan-Ying - - 2012
The nocturnal nondipping and elevated morning blood pressure (BP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have not yet been well investigated in Chinese patients. This study aimed to describe the BP profile, and to elucidate the relationships between daytime BP and nighttime BP, and between evening BP and ...
Wen Jianmin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus (HV) is one of the most common deformities in podiatric and orthopedic practice. Plantar pressure technology has been widely used in studying the pressure distribution in HV patients for better assessment to plan interventions. However, previous studies produced an array of controversial findings and most of them ...
Teo I - - 2012
Hair extensions - an intraoperative risk for occipital pressure ulceration Use of hair extensions has surged in popularity in the last decade. Hair extensions are usually used for cosmetic reasons, although they also offer a noninvasive and easily available alternative for alopecia patients. Here, we describe an unusual risk of ...
Jiao Yuan - - 2012
To investigate the morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) in Chinese patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension treated with long-term administration of olmesartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist according to ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). In a multi-center, prospective study, we investigated the long-term efficacy of olmesartan by ABPM in ...
Kim Seunghwan - - 2012
Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a key role in the maintenance of endothelial homeostasis and promote vascular repair. A reduced number of EPCs and the functional activity have been associated with several cardiovascular risk factors. However, the relationship between the number of EPCs and circadian rhythm of the blood ...
Agrawal Karoon - - 2012
Pressure ulcer in an otherwise sick patient is a matter of concern for the care givers as well as the medical personnel. A lot has been done to understand the disease process. So much so that USA and European countries have established advisory panels in their respective continents. Since the ...
Waaijman R - - 2012
Aims  To assess the value of using in-shoe plantar pressure analysis to improve and preserve the offloading properties of custom-made footwear in patients with diabetes. Methods  Dynamic in-shoe plantar pressures were measured in new custom-made footwear of 117 patients with diabetes, neuropathy and a healed plantar foot ulcer. In 85 ...
Bommel van - - 2012
Background: Previous metaanalyses of potassium supplementation in patients with hypertension observed little or no benefit, but failed to account the amount of salt intake. Objective: To assess the effect on blood pressure of potassium treatment in patients with high salt intake. Methods: We meta-analyzed studies of patient populations with both ...
Kleffmann Jens - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bedside percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) is very commonly used for patients who require prolonged mechanical ventilation. The effect of tracheostomy on intracranial pressure (ICP) is currently a subject of controversy. The aim of our study is to clarify the relation between PT and its effect on ICP and cerebral perfusion ...
Tarquini Roberto - - 2012
To assess whether Most Care is able to detect the cardiovascular alterations in response to physiological stress (posture). Non invasive hemodynamic was assessed in 26 cirrhotic patients compared to healthy subjects, both in the supine and standing positions. In baseline conditions, when compared to healthy subjects, cirrhotic patients showed significantly ...
Zbroch Edyta - - 2012
Renalase, secreted by the kidney, degrades catecholamines and may play a role in the regulation of sympathetic tone and blood pressure. The aim of this study was to assess serum renalase levels in hemodialysis patients and their relationship to blood pressure control, type of antihypertensive therapy and the presence of ...
Martin-Loeches Ignacio - - 2012
Severe sepsis is one of the most common causes of acute lung injury (ALI) and is associated with high mortality. The aim of the study was to see if a protective strategy based approach with a plateau pressure < 30 cm H2O was associated with lower mortality in septic patients ...
Marketou Maria E - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:330-335. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The activation of innate immune receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs), participates in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The authors evaluated TLR2 and TLR4 gene expression in the peripheral monocytes of nondiabetic hypertensive patients compared with normotensive individuals and investigated ...
Paul S - - 2012
Aim: Treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes with GLP-1 receptor agonist exenatide has demonstrated improvements in glycemic control coupled with weight loss and lowered blood pressure. We examined the synergy between improved glycemia and weight loss on blood pressure reduction in patients treated with either exenatide twice daily (BID) ...
Palova Sabina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of heart rate variability (HRV) examined in supine and standing position with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Methods: HRV in supine and standing position and ABPM were examined in 30 AN patients and 30 control subjects. The correlations between ...
Guerrero Arnoldo - - 2012
Abstract Background: Automatic CPAP devices have demonstrated good results in obtaining optimal fixed CPAP pressure to eliminate respiratory events in patients with sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). However, automatic CPAP has not been fully studied in patients with COPD plus SAHS. Objectives: To analyse the performance of an automatic CPAP in ...
Mogensen Ulrik Madvig - - 2012
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is associated with increased mortality in diabetes. Since CAN often develops in parallel with diabetic nephropathy as a confounder, we aimed to investigate the isolated impact of CAN on cardiovascular disease in normoalbuminuric patients. Fifty-six normoalbuminuric, type 1 diabetic patients were divided into 26 with (+) ...
Ahmed Rebekah M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: We describe 2 patients with transverse sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) who presented with headache and papilledema due to intracranial hypertension. It has been proposed, but never proven, that venous hypertension causes the intracranial hypertension in DAVF. The data from our patients support this hypothesis. An additional factor leading ...
Culyer Virginia - - 2012
Elevated blood pressure is common in patients with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). American Heart Association guidelines do not specify a blood pressure target, but limited data suggest that systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥160 mmHg is associated with increased risk of rebleeding and neurologic decline. In a population-based study, we determined ...
Celik Mehmet - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Advanced age, dilated right atrium, increased preoperative pulmonary artery pressure, increased right atrial pressure, technique of operation, and poor ventricular function were reported to be risk factors for postoperative arrhythmia. Aim of this study is to determine the risk factor for postoperative arrhythmia after Fontan operation with regard to ...
Biersteker Heleen A R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To determine adherence to Brain Trauma Foundation guidelines for intracranial pressure monitoring after severe traumatic brain injury, to investigate if characteristics of patients treated according to guidelines (ICP+) differ from those who were not (ICP-), and whether guideline compliance is related to 6-month outcome. DESIGN:: Observational multicenter study. PATIENTS:: ...
Catena Cristiana - - 2012
Aim: A prothrombotic state is associated with organ damage in hypertensive patients. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is an early marker of vascular damage that anticipates the development of atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between subclinical carotid damage and markers of the prothrombotic ...
Catena Cristiana - - 2012
Aim: A prothrombotic state is associated with organ damage in hypertensive patients. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is an early marker of vascular damage that anticipates the development of atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between subclinical carotid damage and markers of the prothrombotic ...
Neldam Steen - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Most patients with hypertension require combination therapy to achieve optimal reduction of blood pressure (BP). The angiotensin II receptor blocker, telmisartan, provides 24-hour BP-lowering efficacy and is proven to prevent cardiovascular morbidity in high-risk patients. METHODS: Pooled data from seven randomized controlled trials (3,654 patients with stage 1-2 hypertension) ...
Miyagawa Sonoko - - 2012
Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) combination therapy has been shown to produce a prompt reduction in clinic blood pressure (BP) without serious adverse effects; however, long-term antihypertensive efficacy on home BP has not been fully investigated. In this open-label multicenter observational study, a total of 151 hypertensive patients uncontrolled with ...
Feldstein Carlos - - 2012
A nondipping BP pattern has been shown to be predictive of end-organ damage, cardiovascular events, and mortality. The mechanisms of blunted nocturnal BP fall are multifactorial. We assessed whether total corrected serum calcium and ionic calcium (iCa) are associated with a blunted nocturnal BP fall in both treated and untreated ...
Antonelli A - - 2012
Hypertension has been suggested to exert pro-inflammatory actions through increased expression of several mediators, including chemokines. Chemokines are involved in inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, and in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions through promotion of inflammatory cell migration. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of high blood ...
Nesher Ronit - - 2012
Vascular insufficiency is considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Autoregulation of blood flow in the eye has been shown to be impaired in NTG, resulting in the inability to compensate for changes in intraocular pressure or blood pressure in order to maintain adequate ...
Oguanobi Nelson I - - 2012
Involvement of the cardiovascular autonomic nervous system in various diseases is often associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to examine the clinical features associated with cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in adult Nigerians with sickle cell anaemia. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 62 ...
Luers Jan Christoffer - - 2012
We sought to investigate patients' tolerance of sialendoscopy of the parotid and submandibular glands with local anesthesia. In a retrospective case series of 84 adult patients who underwent sialendoscopy with local anesthesia at an academic tertiary referral hospital, we analyzed patients' demographic data, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status score, ...
Lim Beatrice - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the advantages of using pressure support ventilation (PSV) vs spontaneous ventilation via ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway in children undergoing ambulatory surgery. Background:  In our ambulatory surgical unit, the use of unassisted spontaneous breathing via laryngeal mask airway is a common anesthetic technique during general anesthesia. However, this ...
Sinha Arvind - - 2012
To compare the efficacy of low- versus medium-pressure shunts in pediatric hydrocephalus in a randomized controlled trial. Forty patients of pediatric hydrocephalus were randomized into two groups. The Chhabra differential pressure VP shunt (low or medium) was inserted in every patient. Postoperative follow-up was performed for symptomatic improvement and radiological ...
Lagro Joep - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Orthostatic hypotension, postprandial hypotension, and carotid sinus hypersensitivity are hypotensive syndromes with high prevalence in older people. However, their pathophysiology and prognostic significance remain largely unknown. METHODS:: In a retrospective cohort study of 313 consecutive patients visiting our falls outpatient clinic, we examined the clustering of orthostatic hypotension, postprandial ...
Sreedharan Sapna Erat - - 2012
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) are common considerations in young patients presenting with isolated intracranial hypertension. We report two patients with progressive visual failure and polyradiculopathy with areflexic quadriparesis, secondary to raised intracranial pressure (ICP). Both underwent cerebrospinal fluid diversion with complete recovery. Such a ...
Shibasaki Masayuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: Endotracheal tube intra-cuff pressure should be maintained between 20 and 30 cmH(2)O to prevent damage to the tracheal wall. However, cuff pressure is rarely measured, and clinicians estimate cuff pressure poorly. The goal of the present study was to predict the cuff volume that produces optimal cuff pressure either from ...
Abdal-Barr Mohamed G - - 2012
Aims: We explored whether QT corrected dispersion (QTcD) can identify left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensives. Methods. We enrolled 100 hypertensive patients (study group) and 30 normotensive subjects (control group). Echocardiography was performed to measure left ventricular mass and left ventricular mass index. Electrocardiogram was performed to measure QTcD. Results. ...
KrasiƄska Beata - - 2012
Many patients with glaucoma suffer from arterial hypertension (AH). It has been proved that both AH and low blood pressure (BP) at night are important vascular risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The aims of this study were to assess the severity of pathological changes within the optic nerve ...
Terawaki Hiroyuki - - 2012
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between blood pressure (BP, mm Hg) measured by patients in the morning at home and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which is a strong predictor for morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We recorded self-measured morning ...
Takasaki Kunitsugu - - 2012
Background: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is a powerful independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients. Abnormal LV geometric patterns are also associated with hypertensive complications, and concentric hypertrophy is associated with the highest mortality in hypertensive patients. However, the relationship between geometric patterns and cardiac dysfunction is not ...
Giles Thomas D - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:299-306. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This pooled analysis of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring data from two 8-week randomized controlled trials compared the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of combination aliskiren/valsartan vs valsartan alone in hypertensive patients (nocturnal dippers or nondippers). At study end, patients were ...
Kwon Beom-June - - 2012
Dyssynchrony is common in asymptomatic patients with hypertension. We sought to investigate the impact of antihypertensive treatment on dyssynchrony in patients with hypertension. A total of sixty patients who had uncomplicated hypertension that had never been treated (treatment-naïve hypertensive patients) underwent echocardiographic evaluations of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony at baseline ...
Vera P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective was to study the antipyretic and hemodynamic effects of three different drugs used to treat fever in critically ill patients. METHODS: Design and setting: Prospective, observational study in a 16-bed, general ICU of a university hospital. Patient population: We studied 150 patients who had a febrile episode ...
Di Iorio Biagio - - 2012
Background: Hemodialysis patients have a high cardiovascular mortality, and hypertension is the most prevalent treatable risk factor. We aimed to assess the predictive significance of dialysis-to-dialysis variability in blood pressure in hemodialysis patients. Methods: We performed a historical cohort study in 1,088 prevalent hemodialysis patients, followed up for 5 years. ...
Henriksen Jens H - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Patients with cirrhosis have cardiovascular dysfunction and altered mechanical properties of large and small arteries. This study was undertaken in order to analyze the arterial pressure curve in relation to mean arterial pressure level, stroke volume, and severity of liver disease. Materials and methods. Forty-one patients with cirrhosis ...
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