Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1711
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Covic Adrian - - 2005
BACKGROUND: CyA A (CyA) may induce intrarenal vasoconstriction, endothelial dysfunction, and hypertension. There are only two contradictory reports describing the acute effect of CyA on renal resistances measured by color Doppler flowmetry. Therefore, we studied the acute influence of oral CyA on arterial haemodynamics by assessing simultaneous changes in blood ...
Kavanagh Dara O - - 2005
A 39-year-old para 0(+1) woman with known nephrolithiasis within a left-sided pelvic kidney presented with left-sided renal colic at 7 weeks gestation. She had a previous miscarriage due to a bicornuate uterus. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance urography confirmed an incomplete obstruction of the left upper renal tract which was relieved ...
Suzuki Hiromichi - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate a significance of increased proteinuria in the morning and the effects of antihypertensive treatment on proteinuria and arterial blood pressure in the progression of chronic renal insufficiency in type 2 diabetic patients with hypertension and nephropathy. In three 24-hr urine samples and ...
SabbirAhmed A S M - - 2005
Dynamic radionuclide renal study (renography) provides functional and structural information of the kidney and urinary tract noninvasively. Our purpose in this study is to describe the construction and test results of a dynamic renal phantom with different clinical features of radionuclide renography. The phantom consisted of five pieces of different ...
Acierno Mark J - - 2005
Hypertension is a common sequela to renal disease in cats and dogs, affecting as many as 61% cats and 93% of dogs, respectively. Undiagnosed and untreated, elevations in blood pressure can have deleterious effects on the brain and heart as well as promote further renal injury. In this article, we ...
Silva Jose A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A significant number (20% to 40%) of hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis will not have blood pressure improvement after successful percutaneous revascularization. Identifying a group of patients with refractory hypertension and renal artery stenosis who are likely to respond to renal stent placement would be beneficial. METHODS AND ...
Pedrino Gustavo Rodrigues - - 2005
The anteroventral third ventricle (AV3V) region is a critical area of the forebrain, acting on fluid and electrolyte balance and maintaining cardiovascular homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of lesions to the anteroventral third ventricle region on cardiovascular responses to intravenous hypertonic saline (HS) infusion. ...
Sapojnikov Marina - - 2005
Most patients with chronic renal failure have anemia, which can be corrected by recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) treatment. Increase in arterial pressure (AP) was reported in some studies and was related to higher systemic vascular resistance induced either by the rise of erythrocyte mass or the change in various endogenous ...
Palazzuoli Alberto
We recently observed a case of patient affected to severe CHF due to ischemic cardiomyopathy ( NYHA class IIIb) submitted to Bosentan treatment. During therapy we recruited an increase in cardiac output and ejection fraction, and lowering in LV systolic volume and pulmonary pressure, however we observed clinical systemic impairment ...
Eterović Davor - - 2005
Our aim was to evaluate the hypothesis that relief of renal obstruction lowers the arterial blood pressure if the procedure of stone removal does not injure the kidney itself. Sixty patients with unilateral renal stone were evaluated at baseline and 3 months after electrical shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL, n=30) or Gil-Vernet ...
van den Born Bert Jan H - - 2005
Renal dysfunction is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with malignant hypertension. Microangiopathic hemolysis (MAHA) related to malignant hypertension may cause renal insufficiency by obstruction of interlobular arteries. We hypothesized that the presence of MAHA is an important indicator of renal dysfunction and recovery in malignant hypertension. ...
Bateman Grant A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The elevation in blood pressure associated with preeclampsia appears to be associated with a shift in the renal pressure natriuresis curve. Pressure natriuresis is modulated by renal medullary pressure. In obstructive uropathy, Doppler sonography has been used to indicate changes in renal venous impedance, possibly measuring alterations in medullary ...
Girbes A R J - - 2004
Evidence exists that acute renal failure (ARF) independently increases mortality risk in critically-ill patients. Therefore prevention of ARF seems of paramount importance. Preservation of renal blood flow and (sufficient) perfusion pressure favourably influences the prevention of renal function deterioration in the critically-ill septic patient. The first step to achieve this ...
Büscher R - - 2004
Arterial hypertension is common in pediatric renal allograft recipients. While the causes are multifactorial, including chronic graft rejection, immunosuppressive therapy, and renal vascular disorders, the effect of hypertension on renal allograft function is detrimental. As in adults, if not treated early and aggressively, hypertension may lead to cardiovascular damage and ...
Ma Han-Jun - - 2004
The effects of high pressure (to 800 MPa) applied at different temperatures (20-70 °C) for 20 min on beef post-rigor longissimus dorsi texture were studied. Texture profile analysis showed that when heated at ambient pressure there was the expected increase in hardness with increasing temperature and when pressure was applied ...
Tillig B - - 2004
PURPOSE: Four different experiments in animals were performed to evaluate the influence of pyelo-ureteral surgery on the function of the upper urinary tract. METHODS: Experiment I: In 17 female guinea pigs pyelo-ureteral anastomosis was performed microsurgically. Three months later, the ureteral peristalsis was investigated by measuring the intraureteral pressure and ...
Nakao Naoyuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the COOPERATE trial, the combination treatment of the angiotensin-II receptor blocker losartan and the angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor trandolapril significantly retarded progression of non-diabetic kidney disease compared with each monotherapy. The benefit could be greatly attributable to the potent reduction of proteinuria, because the three treatment groups showed the same ...
Møller S - - 2004
The hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a functional impairment of the kidneys in chronic liver disease caused by a circulatory failure. The prognosis is poor, particularly with type 1 HRS, but also type 2, and only liver transplantation is of lasting benefit. However, recent research into the pathophysiology of ascites and ...
Pricher Mollie P - - 2004
Moderate exercise elicits a relative postexercise hypotension that is caused by an increase in systemic vascular conductance. Previous studies have shown that skeletal muscle vascular conductance is increased postexercise. It is unclear whether these hemodynamic changes are limited to skeletal muscle vascular beds. The aim of this study was to ...
Loutzenhiser R - - 2004
The transmission of elevated blood pressure to the glomerulus and pressure-induced glomerular injury play central roles in the pathogenesis of kidney disease and its progression to end-stage renal failure. The renal afferent arteriole sets the pre-glomerular resistance and pressure-induced or 'myogenic' afferent arteriolar vasoconstriction is a primary mechanism protecting the ...
Maslovitz Sharon - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate renal arterial resistance to flow by Doppler indices concurrently with ascites drainage in women with severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. METHODS: We conducted an interventional clinical study of 19 women with severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, manifested by free peritoneal fluid. The subjects were evaluated before and after therapeutic ...
Bergström G - - 2004
There is good evidence that the renal medulla plays a pivotal role in long-term regulation of blood pressure. 'Renal medullary' blood pressure regulating systems have been postulated to involve both exocrine (pressure natriuresis/diuresis) and endocrine [renal medullary depressor hormone (RMDH)] functions. However, recent studies indicate that pressure diuresis/natriuresis dominates the ...
Phillips Robert A - - 2004
In patients with hypertensive nephrosclerosis, the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) demonstrated the superiority of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy in blunting progression of renal disease compared with a b blocker and a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. In addition, the study found that a blood pressure treatment ...
Hrafnkelsdóttir Thórdís - - 2004
We have shown that the capacity for local release of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) from the vascular endothelium is impaired in patients with primary hypertension. Because this response is an important protective mechanism against intravascular clotting, we investigated whether this system is also defective in patients with advanced chronic kidney ...
Al-Hesayen Abdul - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The regulation of renal sympathetic activity in the setting of heart failure is largely unexplored. We used the norepinephrine spillover method to address the hypothesis that baroreflex control of renal sympathetic activity is blunted in heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two patients were studied, 11 in a group with ...
Yim Peter J - - 2004
Atherosclerotic disease of the renal artery can lead to reduction in arterial caliber and ultimately to conditions including renovascular hypertension. Renal artery stenosis is conventionally assessed, using angiography, according to the severity of the stenosis. However, the severity of a stenosis is not a reliable indicator of functional significance, or ...
Finco Delmar R - - 2004
Systemic hypertension is hypothesized to cause renal injury to dogs. This study was performed on dogs with surgically induced renal failure to determine whether hypertension was associated with altered renal function or morphology. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), systolic arterial pressure (SAP), and diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) were ...
Hamza Shereen M - - 2004
We have previously shown that the splenorenal reflex controls renin release through splenic afferent and renal sympathetic nerves. We proposed that this reflex would also affect renal blood flow (RBF). RBF was measured in male Long Evans rats using transit-time flow probes. There were no significant differences between any of ...
Biancofiore G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The incidence and clinical relevance of increased intraabdominal pressure after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has not yet been evaluated despite the finding that occurrence of this condition in postsurgical critically ill patients may impair various organ functions. The aim of this study was to assess whether the occurrence of ...
Eiam-Ong Somchit - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism(s) of acute hypercalcemia-induced hypertension in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Adult male mongrel dogs were intravenously infused with: 1) normal saline solution, 2) CaCl2 solution, 3) CaCl2 + calcium channel blocker (verapamil), 4) CaCl2 + selective alpha-1 adrenergic receptor blocker (prazosin), or 5) CaCl2 + verapamil ...
Zeller Thomas - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a prospective study evaluating the long-term impact of stent-supported angioplasty on renal function and blood pressure control. METHODS: In a 6-year period, 456 hemodynamically significant de novo renal artery stenoses > or =70% were treated in 340 consecutive hypertensive patients (223 men; mean age 66+/-10 years, range ...
Lurbe Empar - - 2004
In hypertensive renal disease in children, several risk factors influence the development and the rate of progression of renal damage, including blood pressure levels, proteinuria, lipid disorders, and genetic differences. The impact of blood pressure on renal structures, the most important of the factors, depends not only on blood pressure ...
Weaver Fred A - - 2004
This study was undertaken to define the long-term effects of renal revascularization on blood pressure, and renal and cardiac function in patients with Takayasu arteritis-induced renal artery stenosis (TARAS). Twenty-seven patients (25 women; mean age, 27 years) with TARAS underwent intervention. Primary, primary assisted, and secondary patency rates were determined, ...
Jin Xiao-Hong - - 2004
Pressure-natriuresis is the physiological protective mechanism whereby elevation of blood pressure induces a rapid increase in renal sodium (Na+) excretion. Pressure-natriuresis abnormalities are common to all forms of hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that pressure-natriuresis is mediated by renal interstitial (RI) cGMP and protein kinase G (PKG). We used anesthetized, ...
Luft Friedrich C - - 2004
PURPOSE OF VIEW: A major clinical trial and a meta-analysis completed within the past year addressed the issue of renal disease progression after blood pressure-lowering treatment in patients with hypertension and diminished renal function. Important human and animal studies have addressed mechanistic issues regarding renal disease progression. These advances warrant ...
Treves S Ted - - 2004
We investigated the feasibility of using (191m)Ir (half-life, 5 s) to measure rapid dynamic alterations in differential renal blood flow. METHODS: A nonobstructive constant renal pelvic pressure model was used. The renal pelves of 6 New Zealand White rabbits were drained by use of bilateral catheters, and increased hydrostatic pressure ...
Tal R - - 2004
ACS is prevalent in various surgical conditions and in a large percentage of critically ill patients. Measuring the IAP is important in the early diagnosis of ACS and can be easily done by measuring the intravesical pressure. ACS adversely affects many organ systems; the pathogenesis of renal dysfunction is probably ...
Goddard Jane - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Endothelin (ET) is implicated in the pathophysiology of chronic renal failure (CRF). We therefore studied the systemic and renal hemodynamic effects of ET receptor antagonists in CRF and examined differences between selective ETA, selective ETB, and combined ETA/B receptor blockade. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, ...
Torbjörnsdotter Torun B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a relation between dipping/nondipping status and end-organ damage (measured as renal glomerulopathy) and long-term renal function in order to predict the development of nephropathy in normoalbuminuric patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Analysis of renal biopsy and ambulatory blood pressure measurements ...
Auge Brian K - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: New-generation flexible ureteroscopes allow the management of proximal ureteral and intrarenal pathology with high success rates, including complete removal of ureteral and renal calculi. One problem is that the irrigation pressures generated within the collecting system can be significantly elevated, as evidenced by pyelovenous and pyelolymphatic backflow ...
Miyashita Kazuhisa - - 2004
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has been reported to induce hypertension. We investigated the effect of a single injection of rHuEPO on blood pressure in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) and in patients with predialysis chronic renal failure (CRF). Forty-one patients receiving HD and 36 patients with predialysis CRF received an intravenous ...
Therapondos George - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Terlipressin is a vasopressin analog that may improve renal function in hepatorenal syndrome by mechanisms as yet unknown. The authors investigated the effect of the drug on systemic, hepatic and renal hemodynamics in cirrhosis. METHODS: Six patients with cirrhosis and ascites were studied (five Child's B and ...
Wuerzner Grégoire - - 2004
Depending on its magnitude, lower body negative pressure (LBNP) has been shown to induce a progressive activation of neurohormonal, renal tubular, and renal hemodynamic responses, thereby mimicking the renal responses observed in clinical conditions characterized by a low effective arterial volume such as congestive heart failure. Our objective was to ...
Guild Sarah-Jane - - 2004
1. We investigated how sympathetic nerve activity and renal perfusion pressure (RPP) interact in controlling renal haemodynamics in pentobarbitone-anaesthetized rabbits. 2. Renal blood flow (RBF) was reduced by electrical renal nerve stimulation (0.5-8 Hz), with RPP set using an extracorporeal circuit to 65, 100 and 135 mmHg. 3. Responses of ...
Griffin Karen A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hypertension plays a major role in the progression of both experimental and clinical chronic renal disease. However, the pathogenesis of the more slowly developing glomerulosclerosis that is seen even in the absence of overt hypertension, both in renal mass reduction models and in humans with chronic renal disease, remains ...
Shinohara Makoto - - 2004
A newborn girl with neuroblastoma presented with hypertension (blood pressure 200/140 mm Hg). The concentration of active renin in the ipsilateral renal vein was exceedingly high compared with those in the other venous systems, and angiography results showed narrowing of the contralateral 2 renal arteries. The tumor regressed in size ...
Egan J A - - 2004
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a recognized complication of malignant hypertension (HTN). Such patients have blood pressures > or = 200/140 mmHg but the condition is defined by the presence of papilledema and is frequently complicated by acute renal failure. Here we report two patients with severe HTN (systolic > or ...
Komeno Masaharu - - 2004
To clarify the role of nitric oxide (NO) in hemodialysis (HD)-related hypotension, the relationship between plasma NO metabolites (NOx) and blood pressure changes, and the effect of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), a NO synthase inhibitor, on changes in blood pressure were evaluated in an experimental renal dysfunctional dog model. In order to ...
Ogata Chinami - - 2003
The heart and kidneys are important target organs in hypertension. Early signs of hypertensive target organ damage can be detected by evaluating left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and intrarenal hemodynamics using Doppler ultrasonography. However, it has not been sufficiently clarified whether cardiac damage and renal impairment progress in parallel, especially ...
Ritz Eberhard - - 2003
Renal disease is closely associated with hypertension. On the one hand, kidney disease provokes hypertension. On the other hand, hypertension aggravates the progression of renal dysfunction. The pathomechanisms through which the kidney raises blood pressure have been considerably clarified in recent years. In experimental and clinical studies, it could be ...
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