Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1711
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Tebot I - - 2009
To assess the roles of feeding behavior (eating and rumination) and systemic arterial pressure (SAP) on determination of the circadian rhythm of renal blood flow (RBF), 20 sheep fitted with ultrasonic flow-metering probes around both renal arteries and a submandibular balloon to monitor jaw movements (6 of them with a ...
Lee Siew Yi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effectiveness of unilateral nephrectomy in the treatment of renal hypertension in adults with an atrophic kidney, and set out to establish whether this is an appropriate mode of treatment for renal hypertension not otherwise controlled by antihypertensive drugs or other surgical procedures. METHODS: We conducted ...
Xia Min - - 2008
The present study was designed to take advantage of telemetry data acquisition and develop an easy and reliable system to servocontrol renal perfusion pressure (RPP). Digitized pressure signals from lower abdominal aorta in rats, reflecting RPP, was obtained by a telemetry device and dynamically exported into an Excel worksheet. A ...
Shau Yio-Wha - - 2009
Decreased renal perfusion plays an important role in the progression toward renal failure. In this study, a novel measure was proposed to quantify renal perfusion using canine model. Serial renal vascular images at different vascular areas including the whole vascular tree, interlobar, arcuate and interlobular vessels were captured. Image processing ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In heart failure (HF), renal dysfunction is associated with an adverse prognosis. Impaired renal perfusion from left ventricular dysfunction is thought to be a principal underlying mechanism. Less is known about the influence of venous congestion, including the potential contribution of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Echocardiograms and ...
Corriere Matthew A - - 2008
This retrospective review examines periprocedural morbidity and early functional responses to primary renal artery angioplasty and stenting (RA-PTAS) for patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (RVD). Consecutive patients undergoing primary RA-PTAS for hemodynamically significant atherosclerotic RVD with hypertension and/or ischemic nephropathy were identified from a prospectively maintained registry. Hypertension responses were ...
Mortensen Jens - - 2008
It has been demonstrated in pigs that endoluminal administration of norepinephrine reduces the increase in renal pelvic pressure during perfusion. The purposes were to describe concentration-response relationship and receptor mechanism of the effect of norepinephrine on muscle function of pyeloureter and to reveal possible side effects on cardiovascular and renal ...
Hirayama Aki - - 2008
The effect of the calcium channel blocker azelnidipine on the redox status of a murine hypertension model was analyzed and imaged using in vivo low frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). A murine two kidney-one clip (2K1C) hypertension model was produced by a clipping of the right renal artery. The resulting ...
Rastan Aljoscha - - 2008
AIMS: To evaluate the technical performance of a dedicated renal stent device and the clinical outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty patients with 55 renal artery stenoses (RAS) >70% (66 +/- 12 years, 58% male) were included in this non-randomised, prospective, multicentre registry. Primary endpoint was the primary patency rate at ...
Hamada Toshihiro - - 2008
The angiotensin receptor blocker losartan inhibited urate transporter 1 (URAT1) according to in vitro experiments. However, it is still unknown whether the inhibitory effect of losartan on URAT1 contributes to its uricosuric action in humans. Thirty-two patients with hypertension and nine patients with idiopathic renal hypouricemia (five with and four ...
Khoury Wisam - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Physiologic renal changes associated with pneumoperitoneum (PNP) have been described and various underlying mechanisms have been suggested. We investigated the possibility that PNP-associated renal damage is pressure dependent, and that oxidative stress is thereby involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy Wistar rat kidneys (n=10 per group) were isolated. They were ...
Hollis A R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Norepinephrine increases arterial blood pressure but may have adverse effects on renal blood flow. Fenoldopam, a dopamine-1 receptor agonist, increases urine output in normotensive foals. The combination of norepinephrine and fenoldopam may lead to improved renal perfusion compared with an infusion of norepinephrine alone. The combined effects of these ...
Simon Jörg - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Following clamping of the renal hilus, warm ischemia is an issue in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. If ischemia longer than 30 min is anticipated, special protective measures are needed. The aim of this study was to develop a solely laparoscopic technique for in situ cold perfusion of kidneys during laparoscopic ...
Iliescu Radu - - 2008
Autoregulation of renal blood flow (RBF) occurs via myogenic and tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) mechanisms that are engaged by pressure changes within preglomerular arteries and by tubular flow and content, respectively. Our understanding of autoregulatory function in the kidney largely stems from experiments in anesthetized animals where renal perfusion pressure is ...
Hamano Kumiko - - 2008
Albuminuria can be caused by endothelial dysfunction as a result of ischemic nephropathy rather than classic diabetic nephropathy. We studied whether renal vascular resistance (resistive index [RI]) of the main renal arteries could be associated with albuminuria and further assessed the relationship between RI and aorta stiffness measured by brachial-ankle ...
Lüss Hartmut - - 2008
Renal function frequently deteriorates in decompensated heart failure (DHF) patients, and one determinant is reduced renal blood flow. This may, in part, result from low cardiac output (CO), reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP), and venous congestion. The combined impact of both venous congestion (elevated right atrial pressure [RAP]) and low ...
Mishina Mika - - 2008
In order to determine whether hypertension would develop in dogs with chronic renal failure, we performed 7/8 renal ablation in 6 healthy dogs and compared pre- and post-ablation blood pressures determined by telemetry. One month after the renal ablation, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine were significantly increased (p<0.05), creatinine clearance ...
Schoppet M - - 2008
Vascular calcification is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A number of calcification inhibitors have been defined recently, including inorganic pyrophosphate (PP(i)), an important physicochemical inhibitor of hydroxyapatite crystal growth. Increased hydrolysis of PP(i) by tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) may occur in renal failure and act to enhance mineralization ...
Michel Maurice Stephan - - 2008
PURPOSE: We evaluated the pressure and flow relation of a newly developed continuous-flow ureterorenoscope (URS) in comparison with a common ureterorenoscope in an ex-vivo urinary tract model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ureterorenoscopies were performed with the newly developed 10.5F continuous-flow URS with separate inflow and outflow channel and a conventional 10.5F ...
Drouin A - - 2008
High resting heart rate is a predictor for total and cardiovascular mortality independent of other risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease. We tested the hypothesis that a reduction of resting heart rate with the cardiac pacemaker I(f) current inhibitor ivabradine prevents the endothelial dysfunction associated with dyslipidaemia. Three-month-old ...
Wühl Elke - - 2008
Childhood chronic kidney disease commonly progresses toward end-stage renal failure, largely independent of the underlying disorder, once a critical impairment of renal function has occurred. Hypertension and proteinuria are the most important independent risk factors for renal disease progression. Therefore, current therapeutic strategies to prevent progression aim at controlling blood ...
Yildirim Erkan - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to diagnose hypertension- induced renal microvascular dysfunction using renal diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to identify any correlation between blood pressure level and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 77 consecutive patients (41 women and 36 men). ...
O'Tierney Perrie F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although it has been well established that atrial natriuretic peptide gene-disrupted (ANP-/-) mice are a useful model of salt-sensitive hypertension, surprisingly little is known about the control of their intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and pressure-natriuresis mechanism, key components in blood pressure, fluid and electrolyte regulation. The aim of this ...
Drieghe Benny - - 2008
AIMS: A ratio of distal renal pressure to aortic pressure (P(d)/P(a)) <0.90 can be considered a threshold for defining a significant renal artery stenosis (RAS). The aim of this study was to compare renal angiography (QRA) and colour duplex ultrasound (CDUS) to pressure measurements in assessing RAS. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Visser Folkert W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In hypertension, sodium sensitivity (SS) of blood pressure is associated with renal hemodynamic abnormalities related to increased activity of the renal renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS). The renal mechanisms of SS in normotensives are unknown. Therefore, we studied whether SS is related to renal hemodynamics and renal responsiveness to angiotensin ...
Mullens Wilfried - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether changes in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) with aggressive diuretic or vasodilator therapy are associated with improvement in renal function in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). BACKGROUND: Elevated IAP (>or=8 mm Hg) is associated with intra-abdominal organ dysfunction. There is potential for ascites and visceral ...
Stadlbauer Vanessa - - 2008
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It has been proposed that activation of the sympathetic nervous system causes a rightward shift in the renal autoregulatory curve such that renal blood flow is critically dependent on renal perfusion pressure and that this contributes to the development of the hepatorenal syndrome. The aims of the ...
Bakris George L - - 2008
Blood pressure control reduces decline of kidney function. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers offer renoprotection to a small extent beyond that attributable to blood pressure lowering. These agents also reduce proteinuria, a risk marker for renal disease progression. Accumulating evidence indicates that their antiproteinuric effect correlates with their ...
Umgelter Andreas - - 2008
Circulatory dysfunction in cirrhotic patients may cause a specific kind of functional renal failure termed hepato-renal syndrome (HRS). It contributes to the high incidence of renal failure in cirrhotic intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Fluid therapy may aggravate renal failure by increasing ascites and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). This study investigates ...
Jung Helene U - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Ureterorenoscopy causes complications that may be related to high intrarenal pressures generated during irrigation. Endoluminal isoproterenol administration has been shown to reduce pelvic pressure in pigs. The objective of this study was to investigate possible systemic side-effects of isoproterenol irrigation during ureterorenoscopy in humans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven patients ...
Novellas Torroja, Rosa
The kidneys and the eyes are sensitive to blood pressure changes. The kidney participates in blood pressure control and renal disease can cause arterial hypertension and be aggravated by hypertension, entering a vicious circle between both alterations. In human patients with hypertension, increased vascular resistance is observed in renal and ...
Blake Rashida - - 2007
Chronic kidney disease, stage 3 or higher, affects approximately 20 million people in the United States. Aggressive management of blood pressure is critical to slow the decline in renal function. Despite adequate control, however, patients continue to progress to end-stage renal disease. A surrogate marker for renal parenchymal injury is ...
Evan Andrew P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the renal injury response in a pig model treated with a clinical dose of shock waves (SWs) delivered at a slow rate (27 SW/min) using a novel wide focal zone (18 mm), low acoustic pressure (<20 MPa) electromagnetic lithotripter (Xi Xin-Eisenmenger, XX-ES; Xi Xin Medical Instruments Co. ...
Johnson Scott T - - 2007
Neonatal asphyxia may lead to cardiac and renal complications perhaps mediated by oxygen free radicals. Using a model of neonatal hypoxia-reoxygenation, we tested the hypothesis that N-acetylcysteine (NAC) would improve cardiac function and renal blood flow. Eighteen piglets (aged 1-4 days old, weighing 1.4-2.2 kg) were anesthetized and acutely instrumented ...
Capdevila Jorge H - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Past and recent studies of the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase branch of the arachidonate cascade establish a role for this metabolic pathway in the regulation of vascular tone and tubular ion transport. Functional and electrophysiology studies indicate that the P450 eicosanoids participate in the regulation of vascular potassium ...
Alhadad Alaa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively whether inflammatory biomarkers and endothelin (ET)-1 are increased in patients with renal artery stenosis (RAS), and to investigate how treatment with percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) affects these variables during the first month after intervention. METHODS: One hundred patients with suspected RAS undergoing renal angiography were ...
Richart Tom - - 2007
Low dietary intake of calcium stimulates the activation of vitamin D3 precursors to calcitriol in the kidney. This circulating hormone raises blood and urinary calcium by increasing both gastrointestinal absorption of calcium and bone resorption. Renal activation of vitamin D3 is under tight feedback control. Macrophages also activate vitamin D3, ...
Boesen E I - - 2007
1. Pathological changes to the kidney, such as vascular remodelling, have been found in several models of hypertension and may contribute to the maintenance of hypertension or confer susceptibility to redeveloping hypertension after the original prohypertensive stimulus is withdrawn. 2. To investigate whether noradrenaline-induced hypertension induces persistent, functionally important changes ...
Wilson Thad E - - 2007
Skin-surface cooling elicits a pronounced systemic pressor response, which has previously been reported to be associated with peripheral vasoconstriction and may not fully account for the decrease in systemic vascular conductance. To test the hypothesis that whole body skin-surface cooling would also induce renal and splanchnic vasoconstriction, 14 supine subjects ...
Tagle Rodrigo - - 2007
Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis may result in hypertension and ischemic nephropathy. Renal artery endovascular stenting has emerged as current therapy; however, the percentage of patients who benefit from this procedure is still not well established. The authors studied 116 hypertensive patients with atherosclerotic renovascular stenosis who underwent successful renal artery ...
Harper Janice - - 2007
Many renal units still fail to return blood pressure data to the Renal Registry. In England, Northern Ireland and Wales, the percentage of HD patients achieving the combined blood pressure standard (<140/90 pre-dialysis) averages 43% (inter unit range 16-60%) and post-dialysis (<130/80) average 48% (range 22-66%). On average 27% (range ...
Craver L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pulse pressure (PP) increase has been associated with hypertension, ageing and chronic kidney disease. Although hyperparathyroidism and phosphate imbalance have been suspect in PP increase in hemodialysis patients, the link between these parameters and pulse pressure, in renal disease before dialysis, has not been established. METHODS AND PATIENTS: 1966 ...
Guohua Zeng - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To inspect the renal pelvic pressure during minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) and to investigate whether the use of the 14 to 18-Fr percutaneous tract, 8/9.8-Fr rigid ureteroscope, and a perfusion with high pressure furnished for MPCNL results in high renal pelvic pressure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 2005 ...
Tsagalis G - - 2007
The central concept of the cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is that the heart and the kidney should be regarded not solely as individual organs but rather as a dipole with multiple interconnections. The interplay between the heart and the kidney seems complex and multifactorial: cardiac output, regulation of extracellular volume, blood ...
Brymora Andrzej - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is a well-defined factor influencing the development of cardiovascular complications in chronic renal failure. The aim of this study was to examine systemic inflammatory state defined by the level of serum haptoglobin, local inflammation defined by monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) level and arterial response to phenylephrine in different ...
Lledo-Garcia E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in an experimental model the effects of the PDE5 inhibitor sildenafil on kidney grafts autotransplanted after a period of 45 minutes of warm ischemia and 60 minutes of hypothermic pump perfusion. METHODS: Nine laboratory large-white pigs were divided into two groups. Group A (n = 4): oral ...
Leistner Rasmus - - 2007
Storz Medical AG (Kreutzlingen/Switzerland) has developed a new electromagnetic shockwave (SW) generator, the "SLX-F2", which allows the user to choose between a small-focus, high-pressure treatment regime or a wide-focus, low-pressure option. The aim of this study was to investigate, under standardized conditions, the impact of these two different treatment regimes ...
Khosravi M B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypotension, massive transfusion, liver disease, coexistent renal dysfunction, and decreased glomerular filtration rate during the anhepatic phase are major hazards for kidney function. We undertook this study to determine the change in urine output during clamping. METHOD: Twenty-four patients without preexistent renal disease, who were undergoing liver transplantation ...
Siddiqui Tariq S - - 2007
The angiographic assessment of renal artery stenosis (RAS) is often difficult and not reliable. A hyperemic systolic pressure gradient (HSPG) >20 mm Hg provides the highest concordance rate of 100% with an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) minimal lumen cross sectional area <8.6 mm(2) to predict the severity of RAS. We present ...
Safar Michel E - - 2007
In subjects with chronic renal disease, high systolic blood pressure (SBP) is the most modifiable cardiovascular (CV) risk factor that enables prevention of the progression of chronic kidney disease renal failure and the occurrence of CV events. Although large-artery stiffness and wave reflections are the principal hemodynamic determinants of SBP, ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >