Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1703
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Perez-Rojas Jazmin M JM Division of Hypertension and Vascular Research, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2010
Extracellular fluid volume is highly regulated, at least in part, by peripheral resistance and renal function. Nitric oxide (NO) produced by NO synthase type 3 (NOS 3) in the nonrenal vasculature may promote fluid retention by reducing systemic vascular resistance and arterial pressure. In contrast, NO produced by renal NOS ...
Cleal J K JK 1The Institute of Developmental Sciences, Southampton General Hospital, University of Southampton, Hampshire, - - 2010
An appropriate foetal cardiovascular (CV) response to reduced substrate supply (e.g. oxygen or other nutrients) is vital for growth and development, and may impact on CV control. The prevailing nutritional environment and associated CV changes may influence subsequent CV responses to challenges during late gestation, for example, umbilical cord occlusion ...
Woods Lori L - - 2010
Male offspring of rats that were modestly protein restricted during pregnancy become hypertensive as adults, whereas their female littermates remain normotensive. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of testosterone in promoting this sexual dimorphism of prenatally programmed hypertension. Rats were fed either a normal (19% protein, ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2010
Cardiac tamponade (CT) is a pathophysiologic continuum where hemodynamic embarrassment occurs as a result of progressive, decreased venous return that impairs diastolic ventricular filling, which in turn, when uncorrected, severely compromises cardiac output. While CT is classically associated with high intrapericardial pressures due to rapidly accumulating large pericardial effusions, low-pressure ...
Rocha Gontijo José Antonio - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the arterial blood pressure and renal function of female rats in persistent estrus. Twenty-five female Wistar-Hannover rats were randomly divided into two groups: Group I (control, n = 15) and experimental (persistent estrus, n = 10). A tail-cuff system was used to ...
Clark William F - - 2010
To evaluate the risk for hypertension, renal impairment, and cardiovascular disease within eight years of gastroenteritis from drinking water contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter. A prospective cohort study. Setting Walkerton, Ontario, Canada. 1977 adult participants in the Walkerton Health Study recruited between 2002 and 2005 after an outbreak ...
Evangelista Inez Liberato - - 2010
Bothrops marajoensis is found in the savannah of Maraj? Island in the State of Par? and regions of Amap? State, Brazil. The aim of the work was to study the renal and cardiovascular effects of the B. marajoensis venom and phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)). The venom was fractionated by Protein Pack ...
Liao Tang-Dong TD Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich 48202-2689, - - 2010
N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) is a naturally occurring peptide of which the plasma concentration is increased 4- to 5-fold by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. We reported previously that, in models of both hypertension and postmyocardial infarction, Ac-SDKP reduces cardiac inflammation and fibrosis. However, it is unknown whether Ac-SDKP can prevent or reverse renal ...
Shimokawa Miyama Takako - - 2010
We performed continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) on clinically healthy dogs to evaluate the effects of CRRT on hemodynamics. Heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and central venous pressure of the dogs (n=6) were recorded during the procedure, which was performed under general anesthesia. Throughout the CRRT, heart rate and arterial ...
Osman F - - 2009
The pyeloureteral function is to transport urine from the kidneys into the ureter toward the urinary bladder for storage until micturition. A set of mechanisms collaborates to achieve this purpose: the basic process regulating ureteral peristalsis is myogenic, initiated by active pacemaker cells located in the renal pelvis. Great emphasis ...
Dorrington K L - - 2009
We describe a model for the essential role of the kidney in long-term blood pressure regulation. We begin with a simple hydraulic model for the circulation, with a constant circulating volume. We show, with the help of a modification of Guyton's classic diagram, that cardiac output and mean arterial pressure ...
Schmiedt Chad W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of renal autograft ischemia and reperfusion associated with renal transplantation on pulse rate and pressure and arterial blood pressure variables in clinically normal cats. ANIMALS: 10 cats. PROCEDURES: A radiotelemetric implant was placed in each cat to measure hemodynamic variables; baseline data were recorded before ...
- - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system delays the progression of renal failure in adults with chronic kidney disease, the blood-pressure target for optimal renal protection is controversial. We assessed the long-term renoprotective effect of intensified blood-pressure control among children who were receiving a fixed high dose of an angiotensin-converting-enzyme ...
Lieb David C DC Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA. - - 2009
This study addresses the hypothesis that renal interstitial (RI) cGMP, a modulator of pressure-natriuresis, exerts its effect through a relationship with renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP). Increasing renal perfusion pressure in Sprague-Dawley rats led to increases in RIHP (5.2+/-0.6 to 10.9+/-1.6 mm Hg; P<0.01), urine sodium excretion (0.062+/-0.009 to 0.420+/-0.068 ...
Aithal S - - 2009
A 38-year-old Caucasian male presented with a 4-week history of nose bleeds, gross hematuria and blurred vision. He was a smoker, who had used cannabis and cocaine previously. At presentation, he had features of malignant hypertension (blood pressure 220/120 mmHg), was hypoxic on room air, with no signs of fluid ...
Baum Michel M Department of Pediatrics and Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75390-9063, USA. - - 2010
Epidemiologic studies from several different populations have demonstrated that prenatal insults, which adversely affect fetal growth, result in an increased incidence of hypertension when the offspring reaches adulthood. It is now becoming evident that low-birth-weight infants are also at increased risk for chronic kidney disease. To determine how prenatal insults ...
Yao Bing B Nashville Veterans' Administration Hospital and Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, - - 2009
Locally produced dopamine in the renal proximal tubule inhibits salt and fluid reabsorption, and a dysfunctional intrarenal dopaminergic system has been reported in essential hypertension and experimental hypertension models. Using catechol-O-methyl-transferase knockout (COMT(-/-)) mice, which have increased renal dopamine because of deletion of the major renal dopamine-metabolizing enzyme, we investigated ...
Yingst Douglas R - - 2009
To understand how rapid changes in blood pressure can regulate Na-K-ATPase in the kidney cortex, we tested the hypothesis that a short-term (5 min) decrease in renal perfusion pressure will increase the amount of Na-K-ATPase in the plasma membranes by an angiotensin II-dependent mechanism. The abdominal aorta of anesthetized Sprague-Dawley ...
Bishara Bishara - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previously, the authors demonstrated that an intraabdominal pressure (IAP) of 14 mmHg in normal rats reduced kidney function/hemodynamics. These adverse effects are related to interference with the nitric oxide (NO) system. This study was designed to compare the effects of NO synthase (NOS) inhibition on kidney function/hemodynamics during increases ...
Pechman Kimberly R KR Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, - - 2009
The present studies evaluated intrarenal hemodynamics, pressure natriuresis, and arterial blood pressure in rats following recovery from renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Acute I/R injury, induced by 40 min of bilateral renal arterial occlusion, resulted in an increase in plasma creatinine that resolved within a week. Following 5 wk of recovery ...
Gomes Pedro - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the effects of aging on oxidative stress markers and expression of major oxidant and antioxidant enzymes associate with impairment of renal function and increases in blood pressure. To explore this, we determined age-associated changes in lipid peroxidation (urinary malondialdehyde), plasma and ...
Tobias Joseph D - - 2009
In pediatric-aged patients, various factors may result in perioperative hypertension including renal failure or insufficiency, volume overload, or other factors that activate the sympathetic nervous system including pain and agitation. Perioperative blood pressure control may be even more difficult to achieve and maintain in patients with pre-existing hypertension. We present ...
Dieter Robert S - - 2009
Renal artery stenosis is a common cause of secondary hypertension and ischemic nephropathy. Percutaneous angioplasty and stent placement has allowed select patients with renal artery stenosis to use fewer antihypertensive agents and improve or stabilize renal function. The associations of baseline systolic, diastolic, and pulse pressures (PPs) with outcomes of ...
Shao Yi - - 2009
The objective of this study was to explore the influence of ureteral stent on renal pelvic pressure by urodynamic study. 41 patients (with unilateral renal and/or ureteral calculi) after minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) were placed a 4.7-Fr ureteral stent and 16-Fr nephrostomy tube. Renal pelvic pressure of these patients ...
Gosse Philippe - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: In the absence of malignant hypertension, the mechanisms for the decline in renal function in hypertensive patients are not well known. Several recent studies, essentially cross-sectional, point to a role for an increase in arterial stiffness and its corollary, the increased pulse pressure (PP), in barotrauma of the renal ...
Sharma Jagdish N - - 2009
The blood pressure-lowering property of the brady-kinin system has been documented for more than eight decades. The bradykinin system is involved in the mediation and modulation of the vasoconstrictor renin-angiotensin system and the vasodilators prostaglandin, prostacyclin, and nitric oxide in regulating sodium water balance, renal and cardiac hemodynamics, and blood ...
Krämer Stephanie - - 2009
The lymphocyte migration inhibitor FTY720 attenuates experimental hypertensive nephropathy. Infiltration with lymphocytes is found in both immune and nonimmune chronic kidney diseases. In a rat model of immune-initiated progressive glomerulosclerosis, selective inhibition of lymphocyte infiltration by FTY720 showed significant beneficial effects on renal fibrosis. To test whether this translates into ...
Jin Chunhua C Department of Physiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2009
Studies were designed to determine the effects of increases of renal perfusion pressure on the production of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and NO(2)(-)+NO(3)(-) within the renal outer medulla. Sprague-Dawley rats were studied with either the renal capsule intact or removed to ascertain the contribution of changes of medullary blood flow and ...
Russ Alissa L - - 2009
Obstructive uropathy can cause irreversible renal damage. It has been hypothesized that elevated hydrostatic pressure within renal tubules and/or renal ischemia contributes to cellular injury following obstruction. However, these assaults are essentially impossible to isolate in vivo. Therefore, we developed a novel pressure system to evaluate the isolated and coordinated ...
Therrien Frédérick - - 2009
We investigated the role of angiotensin II and endothelin-1 using the angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist losartan and the endothelin ETA receptor antagonist atrasentan, in malignant hypertension and renal failure and damage induced by nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibition in Harlan Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. We also evaluated whether the protective effects ...
Seeliger Erdmann - - 2009
Autoregulation of renal blood flow comprises three mechanisms: the myogenic response (MR), the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF), and a third mechanism (3M). The nature of 3M is unknown; it may be related to hypotensive resetting of autoregulation that probably relies on pressure-dependent stimulation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Thus we used ...
Osborn John W - - 2009
Arterial pressure is regulated over long periods of time by neural, hormonal and local control mechanisms, which ultimately determine the total blood volume and how it is distributed between the various vascular compartments of the circulation. A full understanding of the complex interplay of these mechanisms can be greatly facilitated ...
Krum Henry H Centre of Cardiovascular Research and Education in Therapeutics, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2009
Renal sympathetic hyperactivity is associated with hypertension and its progression, chronic kidney disease, and heart failure. We did a proof-of-principle trial of therapeutic renal sympathetic denervation in patients with resistant hypertension (ie, systolic blood pressure >/=160 mm Hg on three or more antihypertensive medications, including a diuretic) to assess safety ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is common, and arterial pressure rhythms are impaired in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Emerging evidence suggests that consideration of excretory function together with proteinuria may provide a more holistic assessment of the extent of derangement in renal function. METHODS: To evaluate the independent relationships of estimated ...
Therrien Frédérick - - 2009
We investigated the role of angiotensin II and endothelin-1 using the angiotensin AT(1) receptor antagonist losartan and the endothelin ET(A) receptor antagonist atrasentan, in malignant hypertension and renal failure and damage induced by nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibition in Harlan Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. We also evaluated whether the protective effects ...
Riquier Anne D M - - 2009
Hypertension provokes differential trafficking of the renal proximal tubule Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) to the base of the apical microvilli and Na(+)-P(i) cotransporter 2 (NaPi2) to endosomes. The resultant diuresis and natriuresis are key to blood pressure control. We tested the hypothesis that this differential trafficking of NHE3 vs. NaPi2 ...
Ritt Martin M Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, - - 2009
Basal nitric oxide (NO) activity has a pivotal role in the regulation of glomerular hemodynamics, and in animal experiments, its alteration has been associated with morphological changes characteristic of diabetic nephropathy. Prospective observational-study during a mean follow-up of 2.1 years. 66 hypertensive patients (aged 30 to 80 years) with type ...
Tang Lijun L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Center of Research for Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. - - 2009
Exposure to clinically relevant doses of glucocorticoids during fetal life increases blood pressure in adult male and female sheep. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of prenatal exposure to betamethasone at 80-81 days of gestation on renal function in ewes and rams at 1.5 yr of ...
Novellas R - - 2008
In dogs, diabetes mellitus and hyperadrenocorticism are causes of hypertension associated with increases in vascular peripheral resistance. In human patients, the renal resistive index (ri) and pulsatility index (pi) are related to hypertension and diabetes and are used as indicators of disease severity. In this study the renal vascular resistance ...
Griffin Karen A KA Department of Medicine, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA. - - 2008
Antihypertensive therapy remains the most effective strategy for slowing the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, in proteinuric nephropathies, calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are less effective than other antihypertensives unless normotension is achieved. This is because the glomerular capillaries, rather than larger vessels, are the primary site of hypertensive ...
Crutchley Teresa A - - 2009
This retrospective study examines the relationship between the renal resistive index (RI) and blood pressure and renal function response after open and percutaneous intervention for atherosclerotic renovascular disease (AS-RVD). From March 1997 to December 2005, 86 patients (46 women, 40 men; mean age, 68 +/- 10 years) underwent renal duplex ...
Rouach Yannick - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of 3 biologic hemostatic devices with that of conventional suture during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in a hypertensive porcine model. Improving hemostasis, urinary tract closure, and the warm ischemia (WI) time are important in the development of LPN. METHODS: A total of 40 pigs were ...
Tebot I - - 2009
To assess the roles of feeding behavior (eating and rumination) and systemic arterial pressure (SAP) on determination of the circadian rhythm of renal blood flow (RBF), 20 sheep fitted with ultrasonic flow-metering probes around both renal arteries and a submandibular balloon to monitor jaw movements (6 of them with a ...
Lee Siew Yi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effectiveness of unilateral nephrectomy in the treatment of renal hypertension in adults with an atrophic kidney, and set out to establish whether this is an appropriate mode of treatment for renal hypertension not otherwise controlled by antihypertensive drugs or other surgical procedures. METHODS: We conducted ...
Xia Min - - 2008
The present study was designed to take advantage of telemetry data acquisition and develop an easy and reliable system to servocontrol renal perfusion pressure (RPP). Digitized pressure signals from lower abdominal aorta in rats, reflecting RPP, was obtained by a telemetry device and dynamically exported into an Excel worksheet. A ...
Shau Yio-Wha - - 2009
Decreased renal perfusion plays an important role in the progression toward renal failure. In this study, a novel measure was proposed to quantify renal perfusion using canine model. Serial renal vascular images at different vascular areas including the whole vascular tree, interlobar, arcuate and interlobular vessels were captured. Image processing ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In heart failure (HF), renal dysfunction is associated with an adverse prognosis. Impaired renal perfusion from left ventricular dysfunction is thought to be a principal underlying mechanism. Less is known about the influence of venous congestion, including the potential contribution of tricuspid regurgitation (TR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Echocardiograms and ...
Corriere Matthew A - - 2008
This retrospective review examines periprocedural morbidity and early functional responses to primary renal artery angioplasty and stenting (RA-PTAS) for patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (RVD). Consecutive patients undergoing primary RA-PTAS for hemodynamically significant atherosclerotic RVD with hypertension and/or ischemic nephropathy were identified from a prospectively maintained registry. Hypertension responses were ...
Mortensen Jens - - 2008
It has been demonstrated in pigs that endoluminal administration of norepinephrine reduces the increase in renal pelvic pressure during perfusion. The purposes were to describe concentration-response relationship and receptor mechanism of the effect of norepinephrine on muscle function of pyeloureter and to reveal possible side effects on cardiovascular and renal ...
Hirayama Aki - - 2008
The effect of the calcium channel blocker azelnidipine on the redox status of a murine hypertension model was analyzed and imaged using in vivo low frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). A murine two kidney-one clip (2K1C) hypertension model was produced by a clipping of the right renal artery. The resulting ...
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