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Chatpun Surapong - - 2012
This study evaluated the hypothesis that exogenous nitric oxide (NO) supplementation during acute hemodilution with plasma expander (PE) provides beneficial effects on cardiac function. Acute hemodilution in golden Syrian hamsters was induced by a 40% of blood volume exchange with dextran 70 kDa. Intravascular NO supplementation after hemodilution was accomplished ...
Bartelds Beatrijs - - 2011
AIMS: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a major determinant of long-term morbidity and mortality in congenital heart disease. The right ventricle (RV) is genetically different from the left ventricle (LV), but it is unknown as to whether this has consequences for the cellular responses to abnormal loading conditions. In the ...
Grøndal N - - 2011
AIM: The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of the cardiac cycle on ultrasound measurements of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameters. METHODS: In total, 603 AAAs detected by screening were investigated with respect to the maximal systolic and diastolic anterior-posterior aortic diameters during the cardiac cycle using ...
Moulton Michael J - - 2011
A theoretical model is used to simulate the dynamics of the left ventricle (LV) through all phases of the cardiac cycle, including interactions between myocardial contractility and ventricular pressure generation and effects of preload and afterload. The ventricle is represented as a cylinder containing helical muscle fibres with non-linear passive ...
Querido Jordan S - - 2011
This study tested the hypothesis that acute isocapnic hypoxia results in persistent resetting of the baroreflex to higher levels of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), which outlasts the hypoxic stimulus. Cardiorespiratory measures were recorded in humans (26 ± 1 yrs; n = 14; 3 female) during baseline, exposure to 20 ...
From Aaron M - - 2011
Knowledge of cardiac filling pressures is critical in the diagnosis and management of patients with dyspnea or heart failure. Echocardiography and B-natriuretic peptide (BNP) testing are commonly used to estimate these pressures, but their incremental value beyond physical examination remains unknown. Right and left heart filling pressures were prospectively estimated ...
Ryan Kathy L - - 2011
The spectral power of low frequency oscillations of systolic arterial pressure (SAP(LF)) has been used as a non-invasive surrogate of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in both experimental and clinical situations. For SAP(LF) to be used in this way, a relationship must exist between SAP(LF) and MSNA within individuals during ...
Kushnir V M - - 2011
High resolution manometry (HRM) has demonstrated two distinct smooth muscle contraction segments in the esophageal body; changes in these segments typify certain esophageal disorders. We investigated segmental characteristics in subgroups of non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP). 32 NCCP subjects were segregated into a GERD group (ambulatory pH testing off antisecretory therapy ...
Malfitano Christiane - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Activation of renin-angiotensin system has been linked to cardiovascular and autonomic dysfunctions in diabetes. Experiments were performed to investigate the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor Enalapril (ACEI) on cardiac and autonomic functions in diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (50 mg/kg), and rats were treated with Enalapril (1 ...
Akimoto Toshinari - - 2011
The neural interaction between the cardiopulmonary and arterial baroreflex may be critical for the regulation of blood pressure during orthostatic stress. However, studies have reported conflicting results with some indicating increases and others decreases in cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (i.e., gain) with cardiopulmonary unloading. Thus, the effect of orthostatic stress induced-central ...
Rajamannan Nalini M NM Division of Cardiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA. - - 2011
Atherosclerosis and osteoporosis are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the World. Recent epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that these disease processes develop in parallel. Evidence indicates that hyperlipidemia plays a paradoxical role in both disease processes. However, the mechanism is not understood. This prospectus hypothesizes the role of ...
Buckley Maria M - - 2011
There is evidence that in cardiac failure there is defective baroreceptor reflex control of sympathetic nerve activity. Often, cardiac failure is preceded by a state of cardiac hypertrophy where there may be enhanced performance of the heart. This study investigated whether in two different models of cardiac hypertrophy there was ...
Tschakovsky Michael E - - 2011
The cause(s) of initial orthostatic hypotension (transient fall in blood pressure within 15 s upon active rising) have not been established. We tested the hypothesis that this hypotension is due to local vascular phenomena in contracting leg muscles from the brief effort of standing up. Seventeen young healthy subjects (2 ...
Rindler Tara N - - 2011
The α(2)-isoform of Na,K-ATPase (α(2)) is thought to play a role in blood pressure regulation, but the specific cell type(s) involved have not been identified. Therefore, it is important to study the role of the α(2) in individual cell types in the cardiovascular system. The present study demonstrates the role ...
Goldstein Bryan H - - 2011
Fetal cardiac intervention for critical aortic stenosis (AS) with evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome is performed in an attempt to maintain a biventricular circulation postnatally. The procedure has been hindered by technical challenges and poor candidate selection. We report here the novel use of a pressure guidewire during aortic valvuloplasty ...
Johnson Keven R - - 2011
In mammals, natriuretic peptides (NPs) lower blood pressure, reduce blood volume and broadly inhibit cardiovascular remodeling. NPs are often referred to as cardiac hormones, though they also have integral roles in regulating vascular tone, endothelial remodeling and inhibiting vascular smooth muscle cell hypertrophy. Two NPs [atrial (ANP) and C-type (CNP)] ...
Postolache Gabriela - - 2011
In this paper Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Blood Pressure Variability (BPV) were analyzed before the onset of cardiac arrhythmia in order to derive markers for short-term forecasting. The (a) coherence between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and cardiac oscillations in low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) band; (b) fluctuations of phase; ...
Johnston Callum M - - 2011
Measurement of the energy consumption of isolated cardiac trabeculae requires highly sensitive temperature sensors. In this paper we describe and characterize an initial prototype of a vapor pressure thermometer being designed and built for application to muscle microcalorimetry. The device exploits the change in vapor pressure with temperature of a ...
Taneike Manabu - - 2011
Calpains make up a family of Ca(2+)-dependent intracellular cysteine proteases that include ubiquitously expressed μ- and m-calpains. Both are heterodimers consisting of a distinct large catalytic subunit (calpain 1 for μ-calpain and calpain 2 for m-calpain) and a common regulatory subunit (calpain 4). The physiological roles of calpain remain unclear ...
Liu Xiao-Bing - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence shows that some cardiac defects may benefit from fetal interventions, including fetal cardiac surgery. We attempted to develop an in vivo animal model of fetal cardiopulmonary bypass with cardioplegic arrest. METHODS: Operations were performed on 14 pregnant goats. The extracorporeal circulation circuit consisted of a centrifugal pump, silicone ...
Zhao Xin - - 2011
We examined a novel therapeutic approach for hypertension, a small-molecule direct inhibitor of smooth muscle myosin, CK-2018448 (CK-448), which is an N,N'-alkylurea (U.S. Patent Publication 2009-0275537 A1) in conscious dogs with renal hypertension and compared its efficacy with that of a calcium channel blocker, amlodipine. Dogs were instrumented with a ...
López Javier E JE VA Medical Center (111-C-8), 4150 Clement St, San Francisco, CA 94121, - - 2011
Induction of the fetal hypertrophic marker gene β-myosin heavy chain (β-MyHC) is a signature feature of pressure overload hypertrophy in rodents. β-MyHC is assumed present in all or most enlarged myocytes. To quantify the number and size of myocytes expressing endogenous β-MyHC by a flow cytometry approach. Myocytes were isolated ...
Rudd Donna M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Most cardiac preservation solutions provide safe cold ischemic storage times for 4 to 5 hours. Our aim was to investigate the effects of 8 hours of cold static storage (4°C) using 2 normokalemic, polarizing adenosine-lidocaine (Adenocaine; Hibernation Therapeutics Global Ltd, Kilquade, Ireland) solutions and to compare their functional recovery ...
Lob Heinrich E HE Division of Clinical Pharmacology, 536 Robinson Research Building, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-6602, - - 2011
Previous studies indicate that superoxide is important in the modulation of blood pressure but have not specifically identified the cell types or organs involved. We created mice with loxP sites flanking the extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3) gene. These mice were crossed with mice expressing inducible Cre-recombinase driven by the smooth ...
Baker P A - - 2011
We report the failure of an i-gel and an Ambu AuraOnce supraglottic airway to ventilate a drowning victim. Failure was attributed to changes in lung physiology following submersion and inhalation of water that may have required ventilation pressures up to 40 cmH2O to treat the victim's hypoxaemia. The ease of ...
West Christopher R - - 2011
PURPOSE:: The purpose of this study was to describe resting cardiopulmonary function in highlytrained athletes with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI), and to compare the data with able-bodied (AB) control subjects. METHODS:: Twelve Paralympic wheelchair rugby players with cervical SCI (injury level, C5-C7) and 12 AB controls matched for age, ...
Bodson Laurent - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To re-emphasize the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of cardiac tamponade. RECENT FINDINGS: Cardiac tamponade is a cause of obstructive shock. Incidence of cardiac tamponade is poorly documented. In cardiac tamponade, the pericardial pressure may reach 15-20 mmHg, leading to an equalization of pressures into the cardiac chambers ...
Furieri Lorena Barros - - 2011
Increased cardiovascular risk after mercury exposure has been described but cardiac effects resulting from controlled chronic treatment are not yet well explored. We analyzed the effects of chronic exposure to low mercury concentrations on hemodynamic and ventricular function of isolated hearts. Wistar rats were treated with HgCl(2) (1st dose 4.6μg/kg, ...
Beard Daniel A - - 2011
Based on observations that as cardiac output (as determined by an artificial pump) was experimentally increased the right atrial pressure decreased, Arthur Guyton and coworkers proposed an interpretation that right atrial pressure represents a back pressure restricting venous return (equal to cardiac output in steady state). The idea that right ...
Ramaswamy Prema - - 2011
A neonate initially presented with heart failure, with severe cardiac dysfunction confirmed by echocardiography, at 3 days of age. Blood pressure at presentation was in the high normal range. It was not until there was a rapid improvement of left-ventricular function on intravenous milrinone that the infant was noted to be ...
Accornero Federica - - 2011
Paracrine growth factor-mediated crosstalk between cardiac myocytes and nonmyocytes in the heart is critical for programming adaptive cardiac hypertrophy in which myocyte size, capillary density, and the extracellular matrix function coordinately. To examine the role that placental growth factor (PGF) plays in the heart as a paracrine regulator of cardiac ...
Zohdi Vladislava - - 2011
Epidemiological studies have linked intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) with an increased risk of CVD later in life. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of maternal protein restriction on cardiac function in adulthood during dobutamine (DOB) stimulation. IUGR was induced in Wistar Kyoto dams through administration ...
Francis A J - - 2011
To determine the outcome, independent predictors of cardiac death, and the Doppler-derived pressure gradient cut-off for predicting cardiac death in dogs with pulmonic stenosis, with or without tricuspid regurgitation, that do not undergo balloon valvuloplasty or valve surgery. Review of medical records of two UK referral centres between July 1997 ...
Huang Wei - - 2011
A molecular configuration tensor Pij was introduced to analyze the distribution of fibrous proteins in vascular cells for studying cells and tissues biomechanics. We have used this technique to study the biomechanics of vascular remodeling in response to the changes of blood pressure and flow. In this paper, the remodeling ...
Jensen Hanna - - 2011
Abstract Objectives. Hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) provides an optimal operating field in aortic arch surgery, but it is associated with neurological complications. Levosimendan is an inotropic agent with clinical indications for open-heart surgery. Through peripheral vasodilatation, cardiac contractility enhancement and anti-inflammatory function it has a potential to improve cerebral protection ...
Moens An L AL Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, - - 2011
The exogenous administration of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), an essential cofactor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), has been shown to reduce left ventricular hypertrophy, fibrosis, and cardiac dysfunction in mice with pre-established heart disease induced by pressure-overload. In this setting, BH4 re-coupled endothelial NOS (eNOS), with subsequent reduction of NOS-dependent oxidative stress ...
Walker Lori A - - 2011
Right ventricular (RV) failure is one of the strongest predictors of mortality both in the presence of left ventricular decompensation and in the context of pulmonary vascular disease. Despite this, there is a limited understanding of the biochemical and mechanical characteristics of the pressure-overloaded RV at the level of the ...
Weinstein Milena M - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to determine anatomy and function of anal sphincter complex using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) and manometry in asymptomatic parous women. METHODS: 3D-US of puborectalis muscle (PRM), external (EAS), and internal anal sphincters (IAS) anatomy was performed in 45 women without pelvic floor dysfunction. To assess function, ...
Lindstedt Sandra - - 2011
Right ventricular heart rupture is a devastating complication associated with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in cardiac surgery. The use of a rigid barrier has been suggested to offer protection against this lethal complication by preventing the heart from being drawn up and damaged by the sharp sternum bone edges. ...
He Wei-Qi - - 2011
Vascular tone, an important determinant of systemic vascular resistance and thus blood pressure, is affected by vascular smooth muscle (VSM) contraction. Key signaling pathways for VSM contraction converge on phosphorylation of the regulatory light chain (RLC) of smooth muscle myosin. This phosphorylation is mediated by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent myosin light chain kinase ...
Rosales-Velderrain Armando - - 2011
In 1980 Katkov and Chestukhin measured blood pressures and oxygenation invasively at various body tilt angles at different locations on the body, including the foot. To our knowledge, such measurements have not been performed noninvasively. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure toe blood pressure (TBP) and lower ...
Arroyo Vicente - - 2011
During the course of cirrhosis, a progressive reduction of splanchnic vascular resistance takes place in parallel with a deterioration of cardiac function manifested by the disappearance of the hyperdynamic circulation due to a fall in cardiac output. This compromises arterial pressure and determines a homeostatic activation of endogenous vasoconstrictor systems. ...
Park Jung-Gil - - 2011
Double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a rare congenital heart disorder in which the right ventricle is divided by an anomalous muscle bundle into a high pressure inlet portion and a low pressure outlet portion. We report a case of isolated DCRV without symptoms in adulthood, diagnosed through echocardiography, cardiac catheterization ...
Mostarda Cristiano - - 2011
Studies have shown that the autonomic dysfunction accompanied by impaired baroreflex sensitivity was associated with higher mortality. However, the influence of decreased baroreflex sensitivity on cardiac function, especially in diastolic function, is not well understood. This study evaluated the morphofunctional changes associated with baroreflex impairment induced by chronic sinoaortic denervation ...
Fernandez-Flores Angel - - 2011
the morphologic changes in specimens from people who have committed suicide by hanging have mainly centered on macroscopic findings. Pour purpose is to inestigate the microscopis changes in the ligature marks. we report the histopathologic features of the ligature mark on the neck of three people who committed suicide by ...
Parakhonskiy Gleb - - 2011
Boron, discovered as an element in 1808 and produced in pure form in 1909, has still remained the last elemental material, having stable natural isotopes, with the ground state crystal phase to be unknown. It has been a subject of long-standing controversy, if α-B or β-B is the thermodynamically stable ...
Desir Gary V - - 2011
Renalase is a secreted amine oxidase that is synthesized in the kidney, and that metabolizes circulating catecholamines. Tissue and plasma renalase levels are decreased in models of chronic kidney disease. Recent data indicate that renalase deficiency is associated with increased blood pressure and elevated circulating catecholamines. The mechanisms of hypertension ...
Ma Hanjun - - 2011
The effects of high pressure (to 600 MPa) at different temperatures (20 to 60 °C) for 20 min on protein solubilization and electrophoretic pattern in beef post-rigor longissimus dorsi muscle were studied. The results showed that protein solubilization increased with increasing temperature, especially from 40 °C to 60 °C. A ...
Lindstedt Sandra - - 2011
Right ventricular heart rupture is a devastating complication associated with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in cardiac surgery. The use of a rigid barrier has been suggested to offer protection against this lethal complication, by preventing the heart from being drawn up and damaged by the sharp edges of the ...
Kapoor Nikhil - - 2010
We compared resting and hyperemic pressure gradients induced by intrarenal papaverine for the assessment of renal artery stenosis (RAS). We also investigated the incidence of the QT interval prolongation and ventricular arrhythmias. In the coronary circulation, maximal hyperemia is essential in determining the significance of a stenosis. In the renal ...
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