Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1679
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Nordmann Alain J - - 2003
PURPOSE: The optimal treatment for hypertensive patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis comparing the effects of balloon angioplasty and medical therapy in these patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Science Citation Index, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry, and reference lists. Authors of published ...
Coruzzi Paolo - - 2003
Our study aimed at elucidating the effects of acute central hypervolemia induced by water immersion (WI) on renal hemodynamics, hormonal responses and on cardiovascular control in hypertensive patients, as well as at evaluating the possible role of the opioidergic system (OS) in determining these effects. Thirteen essential hypertensives were studied ...
Ishida Yuji - - 2003
The transport capacity of any membrane depends on its surface area and permeability. In addition, peritoneal capillaries are probably barriers to solute transport. Although no decisive use of antihypertensive drugs has been reported in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients with hypertension, those drugs are known to have various effects ...
Balzer Jörn O - - 2003
Our objectives were to evaluate the safety of intravenous 1.0-M gadobutrol injections in patients with an indication for contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE MRA) of supra-aortal, pelvic, or peripheral arteries by examining and assessing adverse events, laboratory values, vital signs and ECG findings for clinical significance. In 435 patients, recruited ...
Chen Tsung-Yi - - 2002
In children, renal artery stenosis is an uncommon but important cause of secondary hypertension. In this report, the authors describe a 5-year-old boy with no history of seizures who experienced status epilepticus. Postictal blood pressure, relative hypotension, was misinterpreted as normal on the day of admission. Two days later, his ...
Maric Christine - - 2002
1. Renomedullary interstitial cells (RMIC) are characterized by numerous intracellular granules thought to contain renal medullary antihypertensive substances. However, the nature of the trigger for RMIC degranulation remains to be elucidated. The present study examines the effects of acute alterations in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and medullary blood flow (MBF) ...
Ruilope Luis M - - 2002
Chronic renal failure and arterial hypertension run in parallel. New goal blood pressure levels have been established in 130/85 mmHg and 125/75 mmHg depending on the level of proteinuria being below or above 1 g/day. New and lower threshold BP (>130/85 mmHg) to initiate pharmacologic therapy are required in the ...
Kanno Yoshihiko - - 2002
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary renal disorder in humans. Hypertension is one of the major complications, and its control might affect the renal survival and disease mortality. Suitable antihypertensive agents have been discussed based on clinical and animal studies, but no definitive conclusion has ...
Kashiwagi M - - 2002
Management of renal anemia in pregnancy remains a major issue. We report the use of human recombinant erythropoietin (rhEPO) combined with parenteral iron sucrose in a pregnancy with chronic glomerulonephritis, progressive anemia and initially normal blood pressure. Therapy from 32 weeks gestation increased the hematocrit by 0.4% daily and the ...
Troxel Scott A - - 2002
PURPOSE: Systemic absorption of irrigation fluid containing bacteria or endotoxin may lead to fever and urosepsis after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Although to our knowledge the exact method of absorption is undefined, intrapelvic pressure greater than 30 mm. Hg has been shown to result in pyelovenous-lymphatic backflow. We measured intrapelvic pressure during ...
Xu Fengyun - - 2002
The cytochrome P-450 eicosanoid 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) is a potent vasoconstrictor that is implicated in the regulation of blood pressure. The identification of selective inhibitors of renal 20-HETE formation for use in vivo would facilitate studies to determine the systemic effects of this eicosanoid. We characterized the acetylenic fatty acid ...
Peixoto Aldo J - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the current value of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with chronic renal disease and end-stage renal disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has become an important tool in hypertension research and clinical practice. Its use in essential hypertension shows a strong predictive ability ...
Nagao Michinobu - - 2002
Arterial compliance is associated with the first stage of hypertension and atherosclerosis. We propose here a compliance index, which measures pulsating renal blood flow distribution using a power Doppler ultrasound (US). We assessed the relationship between the compliance index and blood pressure and between the compliance index and risk factors ...
Zimmerman Ben G - - 2002
This study examined the proposition that kinins are involved in the renal hemodynamic effect of an ACE inhibitor in Goldblatt (GB) hypertension. The effects of the ACE inhibitor enalaprilat were compared in two groups of anesthetized two-kidney one-clip GB rabbits. One group (n = 11) was given enalaprilat (10 mg/kg, ...
Mazzali Marilda - - 2002
Hyperuricemia is associated with hypertension and vascular disease, but whether this represents a causal relationship or an epiphenomenon remains unknown. We recently reported a model of mild hyperuricemia in rats that results in increased blood pressure and mild renal fibrosis. In this study, we examined the effect of hyperuricemia on ...
Campese Vito M - - 2002
Hypertension is very common in patients with chronic renal failure and contributes to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Several mechanisms may contribute to hypertension in these patients, but recently a large body of evidence supports the notion that activation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) may play a very important role. ...
Morales David L S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Acute renal failure (ARF) in low-flow states may be reversed by increasing renal perfusion. When hemodynamics are maximized, renal perfusion can only be improved by shunting a higher proportion of cardiac output to the kidney; however, in low-flow states, this reduces already compromised systemic pressure and perfusion to other ...
Moritz Karen M - - 2002
It has been proposed that the number of nephrons an individual has may be inversely related to his or her blood pressure. In this study using female ovine fetuses, nephron number was reduced by performing a fetal uninephrectomy during the period of active nephrogenesis (100 days of gestation, term=150 days). ...
Khraibi Ali A - - 2002
The kidney plays an important role in the long-term regulation of blood pressure and extracellular fluid volume through the regulation of sodium and water excretion. Increases in renal perfusion pressure (RPP) cause a potent natriuretic stimulus, referred to as 'pressure natriuresis', which is an important mechanism in the regulation of ...
Menschik David - - 2002
Ganglioneuromas are rare benign tumors of neural crest origin, arising from ganglia of the sympathetic nervous system and adrenal medulla. These masses are usually detected during the first 2 decades of life and are generally discovered incidentally. We present a 5-year-old boy with sickle beta-thalassemia whose hypertension is caused by ...
Petratos Peter B - - 2002
PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy of a cross-linked matrix tissue sealant compared with oxidized cellulose and electrocautery in an acute renal injury model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent partial nephrectomy after intravenous heparin anticoagulation. The cut surface received 1 of 4 therapies, namely no treatment, cross-linked matrix tissue sealant, ...
Suzuki H - - 2002
While blood pressure is a recognized major determinant of renal function deterioration, the role of self blood pressure measurement (BPM) in predicting the loss of renal function in hypertensive patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) has not been adequately addressed. One hundred and thirteen patients (F/M: 46/67; 56 +/- 1 ...
Coulthard M G - - 2002
A girl with failure to thrive and a haemoglobin of 140 g/l at 1.3 years died from a brain haemorrhage 2.5 years later. Renal artery stenosis had caused severe, chronic hypertension and increased erythropoietin secretion (haemoglobin 182 g/l). Blood pressure should be measured in all unwell children, including those failing ...
Granger Joey P - - 2002
A central component of the feedback system for long-term control of arterial pressure is the pressure-natriuresis mechanism, whereby increases in renal perfusion pressure lead to decreases in sodium reabsorption and increases in sodium excretion. The specific intrarenal mechanism for the decrease in tubular reabsorption in response to increases in renal ...
Kincaid-Smith Priscilla - - 2002
Proteinuria and hypertension have independent deleterious effects on the progression of chronic renal disease. The objectives of this study were to determine whether the addition of Candesartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, would reduce proteinuria and blood pressure in normotensive patients with chronic renal disease already receiving an angiotensin converting ...
Kadiri S S Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, - - 2002
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSG) may occur in primary malignant hypertension (MHT) either as a result of glomerular hyperfiltration or fibrinoid necrosis (FN), and may contribute to renal dysfunction. To determine the frequency of occurrence and distribution of FSG in primary MHT we studied renal biopsy specimens from 38 black Africans--30 ...
Trovato Guglielmo M - - 2002
Causal association between perimenopausal changes and symptoms and disease is commonly accepted even if not definitely explained. Resistive index (RI) of renal artery assessed by Doppler echography is related to renal function and systemic circulatory adaptation in patients with chronic renal failure and hypertension. Echocardiographic measurement of left ventricular myocardial ...
Orlov Sergei N - - 2002
Vascular remodeling and hypertrophy-hyperplasia of the heart and kidney are the hallmarks of hypertensions, being involved in the long-term maintenance of elevated blood pressure and the development of cardiovascular and renal hypertension. Both augmented proliferation and unscheduled programmed cell death (apoptosis) contribute to this phenomenon. In the present article, we ...
Rawashdeh Y F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of diuretic stimulation with frusemide and mannitol on the renal resistive index (RI) of the undilated unobstructed porcine kidney. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experiments were carried out on 14 pigs divided into two equal groups (A and B), under general anaesthesia. In all pigs both ureters ...
Jacobi Johannes - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of NO-synthase inhibition on renal hemodynamics in normotensive and hypertensive subjects. METHODS: Changes of renal plasma flow (RPF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in response to intravenous infusions of NG-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMMA) (3 mg/kg per 30 min) were measured in 32 normotensive and in 39 ...
DiBona Gerald F - - 2002
Long-term control of arterial pressure has been attributed to the kidney by virtue of its ability to couple the regulation of blood volume to the maintenance of sodium and water balance by the mechanisms of pressure natriuresis and diuresis. In the presence of a defect in renal excretory function, hypertension ...
Russo Leileata M - - 2002
Increased intraglomerular pressure is considered a major factor for increased albumin excretion in hypertension. However, other factors should also be considered because recent studies in both humans and rats have demonstrated that proteins undergoing filtration and renal passage are extensively modified by renal cell lysosomal processing; >95% of albumin is ...
Birrer M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: to assess restenosis rates and blood pressure response after percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) in patients treated for fibromuscular dysplastic renal artery stenosis. METHODS: a prospective 12-month follow-up study of 27 patients with 31 treated renal artery stenosis. Follow-up assessment included colour-coded duplex sonography (CCD) of renal arteries, monitoring ...
Chuahirun Temduang - - 2002
Blood pressure reduction and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors slow but do not stop progressive decline of renal function in established diabetic nephropathy (DN), but predictors of this decline in patients undergoing these interventions are unknown. We prospectively examined patients to determine whether age, sex, ethnicity, mean blood pressure, plasma creatinine, ...
Nishiyama Akira - - 2002
We examined responses of renal interstitial guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) to changes in renal perfusion pressure (RPP) within and below the range of renal blood flow (RBF) autoregulation. A microdialysis method was used to monitor renal cortical and medullary interstitial cGMP levels in anesthetized rabbits. RPP was reduced in two ...
Correia Anabela G - - 2002
Increasing renal artery pressure (RAP) activates pressure diuresis/natriuresis and inhibits renal renin release. There is also evidence that increasing RAP stimulates release of a putative depressor hormone from the renal medulla, although this hypothesis remains controversial. We examined the relative roles of these antihypertensive mechanisms in the acute depressor responses ...
Parildar Zuhal - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Renal involvement in Takayasu's arteritis (TA) effects the disease outcome and endovascular treatment is an effective treatment of choice. We investigated nitric oxide (NO) levels and the effect of endovascular treatment in renovascular hypertensive TA patients. METHODS: In five hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis due to TA, serum ...
Pedersen T S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Unilateral complete obstruction of the ureter (UUO) is associated with characteristic changes in renal function. To improve the understanding of how urine concentration directly is affected by changes in pelvic pressure, changes in renal salt and water handling along the nephron and collecting duct were examined. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Jolma Pasi - - 2002
Chronic renal failure is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and reduced arterial elasticity. Only little information is available on the functional effects of uraemia on resistance arteries. Therefore, we studied the influence of renal failure on rat small mesenteric vessels. The responses of arterial rings were investigated in a Mulvany ...
Josephson S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Even after two decades, there is still much discussion about the postnatal treatment of antenatally detected, isolated pelvic dilatation (consistent with pyelo-ureteral junction obstruction). A recent review concluded that non-operative expectancy seemed safe - even after 17 years in certain cases. However, the final outcome, i.e. when these children ...
Obialo Chamberlain I - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The presence of nephrotic-range proteinuria in a nondiabetic hypertensive patient is generally indicative of an underlying glomerular disease. A few published reports have noted nephrotic proteinuria in some patients with hypertensive nephrosclerosis. The frequency of this association is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed renal biopsy reports on all cases ...
Gray Bruce H - - 2002
Renal artery stenosis (RAS) may cause hypertension, azotemia, episodes of flash pulmonary edema and congestive heart failure. Renal artery angioplasty and stenting was performed in 207 patients from 1991 to 1997. Thirty-nine of these patients (19%) underwent renal artery stenting for the control of recurrent episodes of congestive heart failure ...
Madkour Hosameldin - - 2002
We examined the efficacy of low daily dose (1.25 mg/day) of indapamide in the treatment of high blood pressure in patients with diabetes mellitus with normal renal function and those with moderate renal insufficiency (serum creatinine <1.5 mg/dl). The study was an open label one of four months duration. Twenty-eight ...
Cain Ashley E - - 2002
Essential hypertension is characterized by significant and persistent elevations in arterial pressure. Hypertension is a multifactorial disorder that may involve abnormalities in the functions of the heart pump, the blood vessels, and the kidneys. Short-term and long-term regulation of arterial pressure is influenced by changes in cardiac function, the peripheral ...
De Vriese An S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Research on the physiological role of endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) is hampered by the persistent controversy on its nature and mechanisms of action, as well as by the lack of specific inhibitors that are suitable for in vivo use. Recent in vitro studies support a role for gap junctions ...
Beierwaltes William H - - 2002
The role of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) in renal baroreceptor stimulation of renin was tested comparing endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-deficient mice with C57BL/6J (C57) controls. We measured blood pressure, renal blood flow (RBF), and plasma renin concentration (PRC) in Inactin-anesthetized mice. Blood pressure in eNOS knockout mice was higher ...
Bidani Anil K - - 2002
Substantial evidence indicates that the adverse effects of hypertension on the kidney depend on the degree to which systemic blood pressure elevations are transmitted to the renal microvasculature. Such blood pressure transmission and consequent susceptibility to hypertensive renal damage is markedly exacerbated in states characterized by preglomerular vasodilation and an ...
Ikeda Naofumi - - 2002
Both in CHF (congestive heart failure) and CRI (chronic renal insufficiency), blood pressure reduction is beneficial for preservation of cardiac and renal function. However, it is uncertain how much blood pressure reduction is appropriate in patients with both CHF and coexisting CRI. In the present study, we examined whether intensive ...
Heitmann M - - 2002
The kidney and the neurohormonal systems are essential in the pathogenesis of congestive heart failure (CHF) and the physiologic response. Routine treatment of moderate to severe CHF consists of diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and beta-blockade. The need for control of renal function during initiation of ACE-inhibition in patients with ...
Level C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the principal cause of morbidity and mortality among hemodialysis patients. Several studies have demonstrated the importance of a reduction in arterial compliance in the development of cardiovascular complications, reflecting the interaction of functional and structural alterations of the peripheral arterial system and left ventricle. The aim ...
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