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Results 401 - 450 of 2299
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Troughton Richard W - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to characterize the importance of echocardiographic indexes, including newer indexes of diastolic function, as determinants of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with systolic heart failure (SHF). BACKGROUND: Plasma BNP levels have utility for diagnosing and managing heart failure. However, there is significant ...
Schmitz Lothar - - 2004
In very low birth weight neonates, a left-to-right shunt via persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may interact with diastolic left ventricular function, but specific changes of Doppler parameters have yet to be reported. In a serial transmitral Doppler study, we investigated the impact of a PDA on diastolic function parameters. Twenty-two ...
Paelinck Bernard P - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of MR flow mapping to measure changes in left ventricular filling during beta-adrenergic stimulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mitral flow was measured in 10 healthy volunteers using conventional free breathing fast-field echo (FFE) with a spatial resolution of 2.7 x 2.2 mm and a temporal resolution ...
Chetboul V - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the intra- and inter-observer variability of echocardiographic measurements in dogs. Four observers with different levels of experience in echocardiography performed 192 echocardiographic examinations of six dogs on four different days. The lowest within- and between-day coefficients of variation (CV) (%) were 13.8 ...
Yao Qing-Hai - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Curcumin is a wide-spectrum cellular protector with antiinflammatory, antioxidizant, and antifibrotic effects. This study was conducted to investigate its effects on myocardial collagen remodeling in pressure overloaded rabbits. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pressure overloaded rabbits were established by partial abdominal aorta ligation. The rabbits were divided into the sham-operation group, ...
Trika Chrysanthi O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Impaired left ventricular diastolic function is a common finding in essential hypertension. METHODS: In order to investigate possible relationships between flow velocity through the mitral valve (E/A; index of left ventricular diastolic function) and 24-hour blood pressure and heart rate variations, 198 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension ...
Gunal A I - - 2004
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is very common in haemodialysis patients. We measured left ventricular mass in three groups of haemodialysis patients: group A (n = 40) were normotensive and receiving a strict salt-restricted diet; group B (n = 23) were normotensive and receiving anti-hypertensive drugs; and group C (n = ...
Ewy Gordon A - - 2004
Diastolic dysfunction of the heart is characterized by normal left ventricular contractility and normal ejection fraction, however ventricular relaxation is impaired. In systolic dysfunction, ventricular contractility and ejection fraction are reduced, in addition to impaired relaxation. The prevalence of diastolic dysfunction is increased in the elderly, especially those who have ...
Sarubbi Berardo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Basic research and animal experiments have shown electrophysiological changes during or after changes in mechanical loading. Electrical instability following mechanical stretch has been observed as development of after-depolarisation and dispersion of refractoriness and repolarisation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence of the mechano-electrical feedback ...
Chiles Christopher D - - 2004
Cardiac tamponade is a commonly encountered clinical entity. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by elevated filling pressures, pulsus paradoxicus, and eventually, hypotension. It occurs as intrapericardial pressure exceeds intracardiac pressures altering ventricular filling. Generally tamponade occurs with moderate or large accumulations of pericardial fluid that result in an increase ...
Balci Bahattin - - 2004
Besides causing a hypertrophy in the left ventricle, hypertension results in a change in the geometry of the left ventricle. The blood pressure, which does not decrease enough during the night, leads to structural changes in the left ventricle. In this study, the influence of 24-hour blood pressure profile on ...
Svartberg Johan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that lower endogenous testosterone levels are associated with higher blood pressure, left ventricular mass, and left ventricular hypertrophy. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Sex hormone levels, measured by immunoassay, anthropometric measurements and resting blood pressure were studied in 1548 men aged 25-84 Years; echocardiography was ...
Rizzo Vito - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A wide pulse pressure (PP) can provide important risk assessment information about myocardial infarction, carotid artery atherosclerosis, and global cardiovascular risk. Ambulatory pulse pressure (APP) does not have a well-known prognostic value in hypertensive patients. METHODS:To evaluate the relationship among high APP, atrial volumes, and cardiac function, an observational ...
Kolh Philippe - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess baroreflex intervention during increase in left ventricular afterload, we compared the effects of aortic banding on the intact cardiovascular system and under hexamethonium infusion. METHODS: Six open-chest pigs, instrumented for measurement of aortic pressure and flow, left ventricular pressure and volume, were studied under pentobarbital-sufentanil anesthesia. Vascular ...
Botchway Alfred N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate changes following regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: Electrophysiolological changes were recorded in isolated guinea-pig myocardial preparations. LVH was induced by constriction of the thoracic aorta and regression was followed after removal of the constriction. Sham-operated animals served as controls. ...
Barold S Serge - - 2003
Some implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) are designed with a ventricular rate stabilization (VRS) algorithm triggered by sensing a pacemaker-defined ventricular premature complex, for the prevention of "short-long-short" sequences that may predispose to ventricular tachycardia (VT). The VRS algorithm initiates AV sequential pacing at a relatively fast and decreasing rate according to ...
Lutz J T - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Doppler-derived echocardiographic TEI-index, defined as the sum of the left ventricular isovolumic contraction and isovolumic relaxation times divided by ejection time, quantifies combined systolic and diastolic ventricular functions. The index has been proposed to be independent of arterial pressure and heart rate, implying a broad clinical ...
Cicconetti Paolo - - 2003
Hypertensive subjects can be subdivided into 2 groups, dippers and nondippers, according to the presence or the lack of a nocturnal fall of blood pressure of more than 10%. Several studies have investigated cardiac organ damage in the 2 groups with discordant results, but they included subjects with different onset, ...
Saleh F N - - 2003
AIMS: A relation between left ventricular hypertrophy and parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been described in patients with end stage renal disease and secondary hyperparathyroidism. In vitro studies indicate a hypertrophic effect of PTH on cardiomyocytes. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between PTH and left ventricular ...
Nelson O Lynne - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiac function parameters in a group of active and hibernating grizzly bears. DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: 6 subadult grizzly bears. PROCEDURE: Indirect blood pressure, a 12-lead ECG, and a routine echocardiogram were obtained in each bear during the summer active phase and during hibernation. RESULTS: All measurements ...
Nkado R N - - 2003
Systemic hypertension, High Blood Pressure (HBP) is common in Nigeria with up to 10 to 15% prevalence among adults. HBP is readily complicated by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), recognised to herald a series of adverse outcomes in cardiovascular health. In order to device a method of assessment of LVH that ...
Olariu A - - 2003
AIMS: The scope of this study was to assess the potential value of pulmonary venous flow diastolic deceleration time to predict end-diastolic pressure and stratify patients with regard to elevation of left ventricular end-diastolic pressures. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 174 consecutive patients, pulmonary venous flow diastolic deceleration time was determined ...
Watanabe M - - 2003
We assessed the clinical utility of using diastolic tricuspid annular velocities obtained by Doppler tissue imaging as a noninvasive index of right ventricular function in patients with congenital heart disease. Doppler tissue imaging at the tricuspid annulus and pulsed Doppler echocardiography of the right ventricular inflow were performed in 71 ...
Piper Cornelia - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Different patterns of fibroblast-mediated remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) might be expected between patients with pressure- and volume-induced left ventricular hypertrophy. METHODS: Patients with chronic pressure-overload due to aortic stenosis (AS, n = 19) and chronic volume-overload due to either aortic regurgitation (AR, ...
Sakata Yasushi - - 2003
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) blockade attenuates left ventricular relaxation abnormality and myocardial stiffening in a model of hypertensive diastolic heart failure, but the mechanisms remain unclear. To test the hypothesis that such benefits are provided by modulation of the quantitative or qualitative changes, or both, in Ca2+ regulatory ...
Hanton Gilles - - 2004
Doppler and M-mode echocardiography (EC) were used to investigate the effects of minoxidil on the cardiac function of the dog and potentially to clarify the pathogenesis of cardiac lesions, in particular the necrotic lesion in the left ventricle and the haemorrhagic lesion in the right atrium. Groups of three dogs ...
Zaha V - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Clinical heart failure is generally preceded by hypertrophy. Many animal models (e. g. toxic heart failure models) do not consider this hypertrophy. We set out to develop a heart failure model in rats by inducing pressure-overload hypertrophy. METHODS: We induced coarctation of the aortic arch with a tantalum clip ...
Chetboul V - - 2003
The objective of this study was to determine intra- and inter-observer variability of echocardiographic measurements in awake cats. Four observers with different levels of experience in echocardiography performed 96 echocardiographic examinations in four cats on four different days over a 3-week period. The examinations were randomized and blinded. The maximum ...
Veyrat Colette - - 2003
The purpose of this study was 1. to define relationships between myocardial velocities according to phases and the range of dynamic phasic changes in controls using tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE); 2. to compare the usefulness of dynamic changes vs. peak velocities alone on controls and patients. Peak velocity changes between ...
Vieillard-Baron Antoine - - 2003
It has long been known that there are cyclic changes in arterial pressure during mechanical ventilation. They are caused by cyclic changes in both the right and left ventricular stroke output, occurring in opposite phases. As a result, arterial pulse pressure is increased during inspiration and decreased during expiration. A ...
Gill D S - - 2003
G1 and G4 acetylcholinesterase (AChE) molecular forms were separated in different regions of guinea-pig heart. The activities of both were highest in the left side of the left ventricle (LV(L)). The reversible anticholinesterase physostigmine, or saline, was administered continuously for six days. In saline-treated animals the activity of both molecular ...
Searleman Alan - - 2003
Differences in abilities and preferences exist between left-handers who both write and throw with their left hands (consistent left-handers) and those who write with their left hand but prefer to throw with their right (inconsistent left-handers). It is also known that many left-handers are pressured to switch to right-hand writing, ...
Schmidt Eric A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated with bilateral transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography the norm of interhemispheric difference for several cerebrovascular hemodynamic parameters. METHODS: Forty-four volunteers (33 male, 11 female; average age = 21 years; range, 20-23 years) were studied. The authors recorded bilateral systolic, diastolic, and mean flow velocity (FV) and noninvasive ...
Hartgens F - - 2003
Since the abuse of androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) has been associated with the occurrence of serious cardiovascular disease in young athletes, we performed two studies to investigate the effects of short-term AAS administration on heart structure and function in experienced male strength athletes, with special reference to dose and duration of ...
Hasnat A K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The understanding of pathophysiology and cellular mechanisms of chronic heart failure requires the creation of appropriate and accurately characterized animal models, thus enabling meaningful evaluation of evolving medical and surgical therapies. METHODS: The left anterior descending and its diagonal branch were ligated in 12 sheep to induce left ventricular ...
Zhou Yu-Qing - - 2003
Developmental changes in left and right ventricular diastolic filling patterns were determined noninvasively in isoflurane-anesthetized outbred ICR mice. Blood velocities in the mitral and tricuspid orifices were recorded in 16 embryos at days 14.5 (E14.5) and 17.5 of gestation (E17.5) using an ultrasound biomicroscope and also serially in three groups ...
Varagic Jasmina J Hypertension Research Laboratory, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, Louisiana 70121, - - 2003
Omapatrilat has potent enzymatic inhibitory effects on the angiotensin-converting enzyme and neutral endopeptidase. The prolonged effects of this inhibition on systemic and regional hemodynamics, cardiovascular mass, and hydroxyproline concentration in spontaneously hypertensive rats were studied. The contribution of endogenous bradykinin on the cardiovascular actions of omapatrilat in this genetic model ...
Rossi Marcos A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the morphometric and ultrastructural alterations of the heart produced by long-term inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthase with N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) and to examine whether the changes are caused by l-NAME-induced hypertension or a lack of NO. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided randomly into three ...
Nadar Sunil - - 2003
The recent Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in Hypertension (LIFE) study was conducted in patients with essential hypertension with electrocardiogram evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy. This showed that losartan compared to atenolol resulted in a significant reduction in the primary endpoint of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, as well as a ...
Dalibon Nicolas - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of respiratory-induced systolic pressure variation and its components to detect low left ventricular preload. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven patients undergoing major surgery under general anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS: Transesophageal echocardiographic measurements during apnea and mechanical ventilation. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Respiratory-induced systolic pressure ...
Kaneko Yasuyuki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea subjects the failing heart to adverse hemodynamic and adrenergic loads and may thereby contribute to the progression of heart failure. We hypothesized that treatment of obstructive sleep apnea by continuous positive airway pressure in patients with heart failure would improve left ventricular systolic function. METHODS: Twenty-four ...
Sedmera David - - 2003
During embryonic and fetal development, the ventricular myocardium increases its mass principally by adding new cells (hyperplasia), while postnatally, it does so mainly through increase of cell size (hypertrophy). Switching between these two mechanisms of adaptation to increasing functional demand occurs in the early neonatal period. We investigated the response ...
Gökçe Mustafa - - 2003
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) regimens on left ventricular diastolic function by using mitral pulsed wave Doppler (MPWD) and tissue Doppler velocities (TDE). Seventy-eight postmenopausal women with normotensive and impaired diastolic left ventricular filling were included in the study. All ...
Akinboboye Olakunle O - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the best correlate of myocardial oxygen demand (MVO(2)) in patients with hypertension induced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and to examine whether relationships between these surrogates and MVO(2) differed between patients with LVH and control subjects. METHODS: We measured MVO(2) by positron ...
Leeuwenburgh Boudewijn P J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Right ventricular pressure overload occurs in several types of (congenital) heart disease, as well as in pulmonary disease. Clinical outcome in some of these patient groups might in part be related to left ventricular loading conditions. The effects of left ventricular unloading on the function of the hypertrophic right ...
Zakopoulos N A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Raynaud's phenomenon is often the first symptom and occurs eventually in more than 95% of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Angiographic studies disclose narrowing and obstruction of the digital arteries, which on autopsy histologic study show prominent subintimal connective tissue proliferation without inflammation, as well as adventitial fibrosis. It ...
Kolettis T M - - 2003
To examine the effects of baseline left ventricular function on the haemodynamic and catecholamine responses to ventricular tachycardia. Experimental cohort study. Cardiac catheterisation laboratory in tertiary referral centre. 24 patients (19 male, 5 female; mean (SD) age, 59 (10) years) without coronary artery disease, divided into two groups with normal ...
Passino Claudio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of circadian behavior of blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and autonomic function on QTc interval duration in untreated hypertensive patients. DESIGN: Hypertensive patients underwent simultaneous blood pressure and ECG 24-h ambulatory monitoring. Patients were classified into two groups on ...
Mansoor George A - - 2003
The present study determined the relationships between ambulatory blood pressure, left ventricular mass, body mass index, and other clinical and demographic variables to left atrial size in previously untreated hypertensive and normotensive subjects. Left atrial size was measured uni-dimensionally using M-mode echocardiography in 58 newly diagnosed never-treated hypertensive patients (office ...
Rivera Ivan Romero - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study echocardiographic parameters of left ventricular systolic function and valvar regurgitation under pharmacological influence in mildly symptomatic patients with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS: We carried out a double-blind placebo controlled study in 12 patients with MR, mean aged 12.5 years old, who were randomized in 4 phases: ...
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