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Results 351 - 400 of 2299
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Aessopos Athanasios - - 2005
Splenomegaly is common in beta-thalassemia, bearing some particular hemodynamic features, while splenectomy is an established therapeutic intervention in these patients. Their effects, however, on systemic hemodynamics and thalassemia heart disease have not yet been assessed. The study included 32 consecutive patients, 13 with thalassemia major (TM) and 19 with thalassemia ...
Matoba Satoaki - - 2005
The feasibility of Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) for assessing global systolic function has not been determined in small animals, particularly at near-conscious heart rates. Therefore, we compared DTI measurements with conventional M-mode-derived fractional shortening in murine global left ventricular systolic dysfunction induced by intraperitoneal doxorubicin (Dox) injection. In all, 13 ...
Adebiyi Adewole A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is associated with left ventricular diastolic function abnormalities. There have been few studies evaluating left ventricular diastolic function in an African populace. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight hypertensives (52 females, 46 males) and 99 normal controls (49 females, 50 males) were recruited for echocardiography. M-mode measurements and Doppler measurements ...
Galetta F - - 2005
Hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) have increased QT dispersion, which is considered an early indicator of end-organ damage and a non-invasive marker of risk for clinically important ventricular arrhythmias and cardiac mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of nebivolol antihypertensive therapy on QT ...
Jankauskiene Augustina - - 2005
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of early treatment with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, enalapril, on the blood pressure and left ventricular diameters and function in children suffering from acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 51 children with acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis were involved ...
Mitchell Jamie R - - 2005
The cardiac effects of positive pressure ventilation and positive end-expiratory pressure are incompletely understood. External constraint due to increased intrathoracic pressure decreases left ventricular end-diastolic volume; the effects on venous return and ventricular interaction are less clear. Phasic changes in inferior vena caval flow, end-diastolic ventricular dimensions and output were ...
Aydin Mustafa - - 2005
The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the relationship between circadian blood pressure and left ventricular diastolic function in essential hypertension. The study population included 25 patients aged 56 +/- 18 years with non-dipper hypertension and 25 age- and sex-matched patients with dipper hypertension. They underwent conventional Doppler ...
Dernellis John - - 2005
To assess left atrial (LA) input impedance in patients with signs and/or symptoms of heart failure and normal left ventricular ejection fraction, transesophageal Doppler pulmonary venous (PV) flow velocity and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) were studied in 20 patients and compared to 20 matched normal controls. LA impedance was ...
Kopelnik Alexander A Division of Cardiology, University of California San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94143-0124, - - 2005
Electrocardiographic changes, troponin release, and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction have been described after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Little is known about the occurrence of diastolic dysfunction in this setting. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction and its association with cardiac outcomes after SAH. ...
Sharma R - - 2004
Initially a dose-response curve of phenylephrine was constructed at dose strengths of 1-16 microg/kg in a cumulative manner. Phenylephrine caused a significant rise in the mean arterial pressure, left ventricular systolic pressure, left ventricular contractility, stroke volume and a significant decline in the heart rate. Terazosin was administered in three ...
Mühlfeld C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ultrastructural data on acute right ventricular pressure load in pigs are rare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In control (n = 7) and banding groups (n = 6), right ventricular pressure (micromanometry) and function (sonomicrometry) were measured. Right ventricular pressure was increased 2.5-fold in the banding group by pulmonary artery constriction. ...
Tverskaya M S - - 2004
Structural changes in the myocardium under conditions of increased left and right ventricular afterload were studied using polarization microscopy and histological, histochemical, and stereological methods. Increased afterload not complicated by heart failure was characterized by low number of damaged cardiomyocytes (3.3-6.5%) and moderate structural changes in the ventricular myocardium (contractures ...
Martinka Peter - - 2005
Enhanced blood pressure variability contributes to left ventricular hypertrophy and end-organ damage, even in the absence of hypertension. We hypothesized that the greater number of high-blood pressure episodes associated with enhanced blood pressure variability causes cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction by activation of mechanosensitive and autocrine pathways. Normotensive mice were subjected ...
Raboisson M J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In the twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), pressure rather than volume overload is increasingly considered as a key factor in the pathogenesis of the cardiomyopathy of the recipient twin. If this is the case, cardiac dysfunction should be among the first signs observed with TTTS. The objective of this study ...
Maurer Mathew S - - 2004
Heart failure with a normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) predominantly afflicts older, female individuals and is considered to be a consequence of diastolic dysfunction. Doppler echocardiography has become the standard method for identifying and characterizing diastolic function. However, the important distinction between Doppler measures of filling dynamics and true indexes of ...
Voon Wen-Chol - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Inhomogenous left ventricular activation-inactivation has been suggested to play a role in the genesis of segmental early relaxation and in turn of isovolumic relaxation flow (IRF). The spatial distribution of conduction system in the left ventricle leads to heterogenous activation sequence even in healthy subjects. This study was conducted ...
Wu Yi - - 2004
A physiological controller is a key component to optimize the performance of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) from short term to long term (10-20 years). The difficulties of its design lie in the inaccurate modeling of any particular human cardiovascular system because of limited knowledge, the large fluctuation of systemic ...
Koh Masahiro - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to determine whether function of the tricuspid valve placed for the systemic circulation is related to left ventricular pressure supporting the pulmonary circulation after functional repair for atrioventricular discordance. METHODS: Right ventricular volume and tricuspid regurgitation (TR) were investigated, in relation to left ...
Lekakis John P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In subjects with essential hypertension peripheral blood pressure profile contributes to the pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy. It is not known if central arterial pressure is superior to peripheral blood pressure profile for predicting left ventricular hypertrophy. In the present study 24-h blood pressure profile and central hemodynamics were ...
Passino Claudio C Institute of Clinical Physiology, National Research Council, Via Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy. - - 2004
An increased risk for life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden death has been observed in hypertensive patients, associated with either left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) or prolonged QT interval. To investigate the influence of autonomic imbalance and LVH on QT interval in hypertensive patients, we compared two different models of LVH: hypertension and ...
Arbab-Zadeh Armin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular compliance appears to decrease with aging, which may contribute to the high incidence of heart failure in the elderly. However, whether this change is an inevitable consequence of senescence or rather secondary to reduced physical activity is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve healthy sedentary seniors (69.8+/-3 years ...
Kurtoglu Z - - 2004
Anencephaly occurs in 1:1,000 to 1:20,000 infants who are potential donors in pediatric heart transplantation, so it is important to define any morphologic differences between the anencephalic and normal heart in newborns. The dimensions of the heart in anencephalics, however, may differ. For example, the absence of cerebral tissue in ...
Kolh Philippe - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to compare the hemodynamic effects of pentobarbital and propofol and their effects on cardiovascular adaptation to an abrupt increase in left ventricular afterload. Experiments were performed in 12 open-chest pigs instrumented for measurement of aortic pressure and flow, and left ventricular pressure and volume. ...
Görgülü Sevket - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low dose dobutamine (LDD) on various diastolic function parameters in patients without wall motion abnormality. METHODS: Thirty-one volunteer patients who had no regional wall motion abnormality were included in the study. Echocardiographic measurements were taken both at pre-dobutamine ...
Dursuno─člu Dursun - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Early recognition and appropriate therapy of diastolic dysfunction (DD) is advisable to prevent further progression to diastolic or systolic heart failure and death. The mitral atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) method has been shown to be a reliable and simple technique to study left ventricular systolic function in patients, because ...
Escudero Eduardo M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) induced by exercise is considered to be a physiologic adaptive mechanism without fibrogenic hyperactivity, as occurs in pathologic hypertrophy. HYPOTHESIS: This study investigated serum markers of collagen synthesis and echo parameters of left ventricular diastolic function (LVdf) in 22 male athletes. METHODS: Twenty-two highly competitive ...
Szabó Gábor - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative description of left ventricular diastolic filling and mitral valve function remains difficult despite advances in echocardiography. The purpose of the present study was to develop a lumped parameter model of left ventricular filling and validate it in porcine trials under physiological conditions and after valve replacement. METHODS: Six ...
Bolognesi R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that, in the initial phase of ischemic cardiomyopathy, the earliest alterations of left ventricular function are detected during the relaxation phase. The aim of this study was to look for precocious abnormalities in the early stage of ischemic cardiomyopathy in both left ventricular systolic and ...
Orito Kensuke - - 2004
ACE and chymase play crucial roles in the establishment of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. In the present study, time sequences of ACE and chymase-like activities, and their correlation with hypertrophic changes including free wall thickness and cardiac fibrosis, were elucidated in dogs with constant pressure overload to the right ventricle. ...
Sevilla María A - - 2004
Our objective was to examine the effect of chronic treatment with amlodipine on blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats and the persistence of such an effect after drug withdrawal. We investigated the effects of treatment with 2, 8 and 20 mg/kg/day of amlodipine given orally ...
Lonati Laura Maria - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to assess whether left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) due to physical training or of hypertensive patients shows similarities in QT length and QT dispersion. METHODS: A total of 51 subjects were studied: 17 essential hypertensive patients (27.7 +/- 5.6 years), 17 athletes involved in ...
Kuch-Wocial Agnieszka - - 2004
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with arterial hypertension is closely related to the levels of blood pressure (BP), catecholamines, angiotensin II and other mitogenic peptides. Pheochromocytoma (pheo) is a type of hypertension caused by excessive production of catecholamines. The aim of this study was to determinate if left ventricular ...
Miyawaki Fujio - - 2004
We have developed a recovery directed left ventricular assist device (RDLVAD) that can promote cardiac recovery by achieving very low ventricular work and ensuring full ventricular relaxation and filling. It consists of a valved apical conduit, an afterload controlling chamber, and a centrifugal pump. To test the previously described effects ...
Shave Robert - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to examine markers of cardiac function and cardiac damage during a simulated half-ironman triathlon in highly trained athletes. METHODS: Nine highly trained male triathletes volunteered for the study (mean +/- SD; age: 33 +/- 3 yr; height: 1.8 +/- 0.1 m; body ...
Fox Ervin - - 2004
A unique interaction between the influences of body mass index and blood pressure on left ventricular mass index and geometry may contribute to the higher prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy in African Americans. This cross-sectional study assessed separate and joint influences of body mass index and blood pressure on left ...
McMullen Julie R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Rapamycin is a specific inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). We recently reported that administration of rapamycin before exposure to ascending aortic constriction significantly attenuated the load-induced increase in heart weight by approximately 70%. METHODS AND RESULTS: To examine whether rapamycin can regress established cardiac hypertrophy, mice ...
Alipov N N - - 2004
Cardiac frequency-domain parameters of the left ventricular pressure were studied in acute experiments on cats under conditions of reflex and load stimulation and during maximum inotropic stimulation with epinephrine. A strict correlation was revealed between the upper threshold of the frequency range and the maximum value of pressure first derivative. ...
Holmes Jeffrey W - - 2004
A myocyte system that senses and responds to mechanical inputs might be activated by any number of features of the time-varying length or force signals experienced by the myocytes. We therefore characterized left ventricular volume and wall stress signals during early volume overload with high spatial and temporal resolution. Left ...
Giardini Alessandro - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the course of cardiopulmonary function after transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure and to identify the physiopathologic mechanisms leading to this change. BACKGROUND: Conflicting reports exist on cardiopulmonary functional improvement in asymptomatic adults after transcatheter closure of a secundum ASD. METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive adults (13 ...
Zile Michael R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with signs and symptoms of heart failure and a normal left ventricular ejection fraction are said to have diastolic heart failure. It has traditionally been thought that the pathophysiological cause of heart failure in these patients is an abnormality in the diastolic properties of the left ventricle; however, ...
Gross Volkmar - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The role of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis is incompletely understood. The availability of AT2 receptor-deficient mice (AT2 -/y) makes it possible to study the effects of AT1 receptors without the confounding influence of AT2 receptor activity. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Suzuki K - - 2004
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, valsartan, on echocardiographically proven left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were recruited at Niigata University Hospital. The left ventricular mass index ...
Urhausen A - - 2004
To investigate the reversibility of adverse cardiovascular effects after chronic abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) in athletes. Doppler echocardiography and cycle ergometry including measurements of blood pressure at rest and during exercise were undertaken in 32 bodybuilders or powerlifters, including 15 athletes who had not been taking AAS for ...
Ishida Michiko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cell transplantation is a promising therapy for treating end-stage heart failure. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) have been used to enhance angiogenesis in ischemic heart disease. However, the effect of BMMNC transplantation in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy is unknown. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of BMMNC transplantation in ...
Whyte G P - - 2004
Establishment of upper normal limits of physiological hypertrophy in response to physical training is important in the differentiation of physiological and pathological left ventricular hypertrophy. The genetic differences that exist in the adaptive response of the heart to physical training and the causes of sudden cardiac death in young athletes ...
Fukamachi Kiyotaka - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in mitral annular and left ventricular dimensions and left ventricular pressure-volume relations produced by the Myocor Coapsys device that has been developed to treat functional mitral regurgitation (MR) off-pump. METHODS: The Coapsys device, which consists of anterior and posterior ...
Celik Seden - - 2004
Controversy exists about the influence of patient age on the benefit of surgery in atrial septal defect (ASD). Tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) when applied to atrioventricular annuli provides variables reliably reflecting the performance of the corresponding ventricle. We sought to investigate the effect of timing of surgery on biventricular functions ...
Picca Maurizio - - 2004
This study compared the effect of losartan and valsartan on left ventricular mass (LVM) and function in patients with untreated essential hypertension and concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Thirty patients (17 men and 13 women; mean age, 48+/-8 years) with untreated essential hypertension and concentric LVH, as determined by echocardiographic ...
Chin Lai N - - 2004
A comparative echocardiographic study was carried out on five shark species that differ in heart morphology and in aspects of their behavior and natural history. The study contrasted the ventricular function in the highly active mako shark (heart type IV) and four other sharks (heart type III) that differ in ...
Aepfelbacher Franz C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus has been associated with abnormalities of cardiac function and left ventricular hypertrophy. We sought to determine whether improved glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus will induce reversal of those abnormalities. METHODS: We prospectively studied 19 patients (mean age 40+/-9 years) with longstanding type 1 ...
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