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Results 351 - 400 of 2280
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Lekakis John P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In subjects with essential hypertension peripheral blood pressure profile contributes to the pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy. It is not known if central arterial pressure is superior to peripheral blood pressure profile for predicting left ventricular hypertrophy. In the present study 24-h blood pressure profile and central hemodynamics were ...
Arbab-Zadeh Armin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular compliance appears to decrease with aging, which may contribute to the high incidence of heart failure in the elderly. However, whether this change is an inevitable consequence of senescence or rather secondary to reduced physical activity is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twelve healthy sedentary seniors (69.8+/-3 years ...
Kurtoglu Z - - 2004
Anencephaly occurs in 1:1,000 to 1:20,000 infants who are potential donors in pediatric heart transplantation, so it is important to define any morphologic differences between the anencephalic and normal heart in newborns. The dimensions of the heart in anencephalics, however, may differ. For example, the absence of cerebral tissue in ...
Kolh Philippe - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to compare the hemodynamic effects of pentobarbital and propofol and their effects on cardiovascular adaptation to an abrupt increase in left ventricular afterload. Experiments were performed in 12 open-chest pigs instrumented for measurement of aortic pressure and flow, and left ventricular pressure and volume. ...
Görgülü Sevket - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low dose dobutamine (LDD) on various diastolic function parameters in patients without wall motion abnormality. METHODS: Thirty-one volunteer patients who had no regional wall motion abnormality were included in the study. Echocardiographic measurements were taken both at pre-dobutamine ...
Dursuno─člu Dursun - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Early recognition and appropriate therapy of diastolic dysfunction (DD) is advisable to prevent further progression to diastolic or systolic heart failure and death. The mitral atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) method has been shown to be a reliable and simple technique to study left ventricular systolic function in patients, because ...
Escudero Eduardo M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) induced by exercise is considered to be a physiologic adaptive mechanism without fibrogenic hyperactivity, as occurs in pathologic hypertrophy. HYPOTHESIS: This study investigated serum markers of collagen synthesis and echo parameters of left ventricular diastolic function (LVdf) in 22 male athletes. METHODS: Twenty-two highly competitive ...
Szabó Gábor - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative description of left ventricular diastolic filling and mitral valve function remains difficult despite advances in echocardiography. The purpose of the present study was to develop a lumped parameter model of left ventricular filling and validate it in porcine trials under physiological conditions and after valve replacement. METHODS: Six ...
Bolognesi R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that, in the initial phase of ischemic cardiomyopathy, the earliest alterations of left ventricular function are detected during the relaxation phase. The aim of this study was to look for precocious abnormalities in the early stage of ischemic cardiomyopathy in both left ventricular systolic and ...
Orito Kensuke - - 2004
ACE and chymase play crucial roles in the establishment of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. In the present study, time sequences of ACE and chymase-like activities, and their correlation with hypertrophic changes including free wall thickness and cardiac fibrosis, were elucidated in dogs with constant pressure overload to the right ventricle. ...
Sevilla María A - - 2004
Our objective was to examine the effect of chronic treatment with amlodipine on blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats and the persistence of such an effect after drug withdrawal. We investigated the effects of treatment with 2, 8 and 20 mg/kg/day of amlodipine given orally ...
Lonati Laura Maria - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to assess whether left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) due to physical training or of hypertensive patients shows similarities in QT length and QT dispersion. METHODS: A total of 51 subjects were studied: 17 essential hypertensive patients (27.7 +/- 5.6 years), 17 athletes involved in ...
Kuch-Wocial Agnieszka - - 2004
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with arterial hypertension is closely related to the levels of blood pressure (BP), catecholamines, angiotensin II and other mitogenic peptides. Pheochromocytoma (pheo) is a type of hypertension caused by excessive production of catecholamines. The aim of this study was to determinate if left ventricular ...
Miyawaki Fujio - - 2004
We have developed a recovery directed left ventricular assist device (RDLVAD) that can promote cardiac recovery by achieving very low ventricular work and ensuring full ventricular relaxation and filling. It consists of a valved apical conduit, an afterload controlling chamber, and a centrifugal pump. To test the previously described effects ...
Shave Robert - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to examine markers of cardiac function and cardiac damage during a simulated half-ironman triathlon in highly trained athletes. METHODS: Nine highly trained male triathletes volunteered for the study (mean +/- SD; age: 33 +/- 3 yr; height: 1.8 +/- 0.1 m; body ...
Fox Ervin - - 2004
A unique interaction between the influences of body mass index and blood pressure on left ventricular mass index and geometry may contribute to the higher prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy in African Americans. This cross-sectional study assessed separate and joint influences of body mass index and blood pressure on left ...
McMullen Julie R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Rapamycin is a specific inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). We recently reported that administration of rapamycin before exposure to ascending aortic constriction significantly attenuated the load-induced increase in heart weight by approximately 70%. METHODS AND RESULTS: To examine whether rapamycin can regress established cardiac hypertrophy, mice ...
Alipov N N - - 2004
Cardiac frequency-domain parameters of the left ventricular pressure were studied in acute experiments on cats under conditions of reflex and load stimulation and during maximum inotropic stimulation with epinephrine. A strict correlation was revealed between the upper threshold of the frequency range and the maximum value of pressure first derivative. ...
Holmes Jeffrey W - - 2004
A myocyte system that senses and responds to mechanical inputs might be activated by any number of features of the time-varying length or force signals experienced by the myocytes. We therefore characterized left ventricular volume and wall stress signals during early volume overload with high spatial and temporal resolution. Left ...
Giardini Alessandro - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the course of cardiopulmonary function after transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure and to identify the physiopathologic mechanisms leading to this change. BACKGROUND: Conflicting reports exist on cardiopulmonary functional improvement in asymptomatic adults after transcatheter closure of a secundum ASD. METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive adults (13 ...
Zile Michael R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with signs and symptoms of heart failure and a normal left ventricular ejection fraction are said to have diastolic heart failure. It has traditionally been thought that the pathophysiological cause of heart failure in these patients is an abnormality in the diastolic properties of the left ventricle; however, ...
Gross Volkmar - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The role of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis is incompletely understood. The availability of AT2 receptor-deficient mice (AT2 -/y) makes it possible to study the effects of AT1 receptors without the confounding influence of AT2 receptor activity. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Suzuki K - - 2004
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, valsartan, on echocardiographically proven left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Outpatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were recruited at Niigata University Hospital. The left ventricular mass index ...
Urhausen A - - 2004
To investigate the reversibility of adverse cardiovascular effects after chronic abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) in athletes. Doppler echocardiography and cycle ergometry including measurements of blood pressure at rest and during exercise were undertaken in 32 bodybuilders or powerlifters, including 15 athletes who had not been taking AAS for ...
Ishida Michiko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cell transplantation is a promising therapy for treating end-stage heart failure. Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) have been used to enhance angiogenesis in ischemic heart disease. However, the effect of BMMNC transplantation in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy is unknown. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of BMMNC transplantation in ...
Whyte G P - - 2004
Establishment of upper normal limits of physiological hypertrophy in response to physical training is important in the differentiation of physiological and pathological left ventricular hypertrophy. The genetic differences that exist in the adaptive response of the heart to physical training and the causes of sudden cardiac death in young athletes ...
Fukamachi Kiyotaka - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in mitral annular and left ventricular dimensions and left ventricular pressure-volume relations produced by the Myocor Coapsys device that has been developed to treat functional mitral regurgitation (MR) off-pump. METHODS: The Coapsys device, which consists of anterior and posterior ...
Celik Seden - - 2004
Controversy exists about the influence of patient age on the benefit of surgery in atrial septal defect (ASD). Tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) when applied to atrioventricular annuli provides variables reliably reflecting the performance of the corresponding ventricle. We sought to investigate the effect of timing of surgery on biventricular functions ...
Picca Maurizio - - 2004
This study compared the effect of losartan and valsartan on left ventricular mass (LVM) and function in patients with untreated essential hypertension and concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Thirty patients (17 men and 13 women; mean age, 48+/-8 years) with untreated essential hypertension and concentric LVH, as determined by echocardiographic ...
Chin Lai N - - 2004
A comparative echocardiographic study was carried out on five shark species that differ in heart morphology and in aspects of their behavior and natural history. The study contrasted the ventricular function in the highly active mako shark (heart type IV) and four other sharks (heart type III) that differ in ...
Aepfelbacher Franz C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus has been associated with abnormalities of cardiac function and left ventricular hypertrophy. We sought to determine whether improved glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus will induce reversal of those abnormalities. METHODS: We prospectively studied 19 patients (mean age 40+/-9 years) with longstanding type 1 ...
Troughton Richard W - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to characterize the importance of echocardiographic indexes, including newer indexes of diastolic function, as determinants of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with systolic heart failure (SHF). BACKGROUND: Plasma BNP levels have utility for diagnosing and managing heart failure. However, there is significant ...
Schmitz Lothar - - 2004
In very low birth weight neonates, a left-to-right shunt via persistent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may interact with diastolic left ventricular function, but specific changes of Doppler parameters have yet to be reported. In a serial transmitral Doppler study, we investigated the impact of a PDA on diastolic function parameters. Twenty-two ...
Paelinck Bernard P - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of MR flow mapping to measure changes in left ventricular filling during beta-adrenergic stimulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mitral flow was measured in 10 healthy volunteers using conventional free breathing fast-field echo (FFE) with a spatial resolution of 2.7 x 2.2 mm and a temporal resolution ...
Chetboul V - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the intra- and inter-observer variability of echocardiographic measurements in dogs. Four observers with different levels of experience in echocardiography performed 192 echocardiographic examinations of six dogs on four different days. The lowest within- and between-day coefficients of variation (CV) (%) were 13.8 ...
Yao Qing-Hai - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Curcumin is a wide-spectrum cellular protector with antiinflammatory, antioxidizant, and antifibrotic effects. This study was conducted to investigate its effects on myocardial collagen remodeling in pressure overloaded rabbits. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pressure overloaded rabbits were established by partial abdominal aorta ligation. The rabbits were divided into the sham-operation group, ...
Trika Chrysanthi O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Impaired left ventricular diastolic function is a common finding in essential hypertension. METHODS: In order to investigate possible relationships between flow velocity through the mitral valve (E/A; index of left ventricular diastolic function) and 24-hour blood pressure and heart rate variations, 198 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension ...
Gunal A I - - 2004
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is very common in haemodialysis patients. We measured left ventricular mass in three groups of haemodialysis patients: group A (n = 40) were normotensive and receiving a strict salt-restricted diet; group B (n = 23) were normotensive and receiving anti-hypertensive drugs; and group C (n = ...
Ewy Gordon A - - 2004
Diastolic dysfunction of the heart is characterized by normal left ventricular contractility and normal ejection fraction, however ventricular relaxation is impaired. In systolic dysfunction, ventricular contractility and ejection fraction are reduced, in addition to impaired relaxation. The prevalence of diastolic dysfunction is increased in the elderly, especially those who have ...
Sarubbi Berardo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Basic research and animal experiments have shown electrophysiological changes during or after changes in mechanical loading. Electrical instability following mechanical stretch has been observed as development of after-depolarisation and dispersion of refractoriness and repolarisation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the presence of the mechano-electrical feedback ...
Chiles Christopher D - - 2004
Cardiac tamponade is a commonly encountered clinical entity. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by elevated filling pressures, pulsus paradoxicus, and eventually, hypotension. It occurs as intrapericardial pressure exceeds intracardiac pressures altering ventricular filling. Generally tamponade occurs with moderate or large accumulations of pericardial fluid that result in an increase ...
Balci Bahattin - - 2004
Besides causing a hypertrophy in the left ventricle, hypertension results in a change in the geometry of the left ventricle. The blood pressure, which does not decrease enough during the night, leads to structural changes in the left ventricle. In this study, the influence of 24-hour blood pressure profile on ...
Svartberg Johan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that lower endogenous testosterone levels are associated with higher blood pressure, left ventricular mass, and left ventricular hypertrophy. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. METHODS: Sex hormone levels, measured by immunoassay, anthropometric measurements and resting blood pressure were studied in 1548 men aged 25-84 Years; echocardiography was ...
Rizzo Vito - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A wide pulse pressure (PP) can provide important risk assessment information about myocardial infarction, carotid artery atherosclerosis, and global cardiovascular risk. Ambulatory pulse pressure (APP) does not have a well-known prognostic value in hypertensive patients. METHODS:To evaluate the relationship among high APP, atrial volumes, and cardiac function, an observational ...
Kolh Philippe - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess baroreflex intervention during increase in left ventricular afterload, we compared the effects of aortic banding on the intact cardiovascular system and under hexamethonium infusion. METHODS: Six open-chest pigs, instrumented for measurement of aortic pressure and flow, left ventricular pressure and volume, were studied under pentobarbital-sufentanil anesthesia. Vascular ...
Botchway Alfred N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate changes following regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). METHODS: Electrophysiolological changes were recorded in isolated guinea-pig myocardial preparations. LVH was induced by constriction of the thoracic aorta and regression was followed after removal of the constriction. Sham-operated animals served as controls. ...
Barold S Serge - - 2003
Some implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) are designed with a ventricular rate stabilization (VRS) algorithm triggered by sensing a pacemaker-defined ventricular premature complex, for the prevention of "short-long-short" sequences that may predispose to ventricular tachycardia (VT). The VRS algorithm initiates AV sequential pacing at a relatively fast and decreasing rate according to ...
Lutz J T - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Doppler-derived echocardiographic TEI-index, defined as the sum of the left ventricular isovolumic contraction and isovolumic relaxation times divided by ejection time, quantifies combined systolic and diastolic ventricular functions. The index has been proposed to be independent of arterial pressure and heart rate, implying a broad clinical ...
Cicconetti Paolo - - 2003
Hypertensive subjects can be subdivided into 2 groups, dippers and nondippers, according to the presence or the lack of a nocturnal fall of blood pressure of more than 10%. Several studies have investigated cardiac organ damage in the 2 groups with discordant results, but they included subjects with different onset, ...
Saleh F N - - 2003
AIMS: A relation between left ventricular hypertrophy and parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been described in patients with end stage renal disease and secondary hyperparathyroidism. In vitro studies indicate a hypertrophic effect of PTH on cardiomyocytes. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between PTH and left ventricular ...
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