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Meijs M F L - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure, coronary heart disease and stroke. LVH develops in response to haemodynamic overload, e.g. hypertension. LVH was originally thought to start as an adaptive and beneficial response required to normalise wall stress. However, this concept has ...
Dubi Shay - - 2007
A minimal model for mechanical motion of the left ventricle is proposed. The model assumes the left ventricle to be a harmonic oscillator with two distinct phases, simulating the systolic and diastolic phases, at which both the amplitude and the elastic constant of the oscillator are different. Taking into account ...
Barrick Cordelia J CJ Curriculum in Toxicology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, is commonly caused by essential hypertension. Three geometric patterns of LVH can be induced by hypertension: concentric remodeling, concentric hypertrophy, and eccentric hypertrophy. Clinical studies suggest that different underlying etiologies, genetic modifiers, and risk of mortality are associated ...
Iqbal M M - - 2006
After renal transplantation there is a substantial alteration in cardiac morphology and functions. This prospective study was undertaken to observe changes in different cardiac parameters in early months after transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two allograft recipients (primary disease glomerulonephritis) were evaluated in the immediate pretransplant period (0 month) and 1 ...
Neilan Tomas G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have individually documented cardiac dysfunction and biochemical evidence of cardiac injury after endurance sports; however, convincing associations between the two are lacking. We aimed to determine the associations between the observed transient cardiac dysfunction and biochemical evidence of cardiac injury in amateur participants in endurance sports and ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2007
Prehypertensive individuals are at increased risk for developing hypertension and cardiovascular disease compared with those with normal blood pressure. Early compromises in left ventricular structure may explain part of the increased risk. We assessed echocardiographic and exercise parameters in prehypertensive individuals (n=790) to determine associations between exercise blood pressure and ...
Li K - - 2006
Right ventricular hypertrophy and failure is an important step in the development of ascites syndrome (AS) in broiler chickens. Cytoplasmic calcium concentration is a major regulator of cardiac contractile function and various physiological processes in cardiac muscle cells. The purpose of this study was to measure the right ventricular pressure ...
Borlaug Barry A - - 2006
Abnormalities of diastole are common to most forms of congestive heart failure (HF). Diastolic function is broadly defined as the ability of the heart to fill adequately and at normal pressure to charge the ventricular pump for each subsequent contraction. It is determined by both active and passive processes occurring ...
Payne John R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular mass is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although factors associated with elevated left ventricular mass have been sought and studied extensively in elderly and in diseased subjects, few studies have examined the young and healthy. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Depre Christophe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The adaptation of cardiac mass to hemodynamic overload requires an adaptation of protein turnover, ie, the balance between protein synthesis and degradation. We tested 2 hypotheses: (1) chronic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) activates the proteasome system of protein degradation, especially in the myocardium submitted to the highest wall stress, ...
Olariu A - - 2006
The publisher regrets that this was an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in Eur. J. Echocardiogr., 4 (2003) 162-168, . The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2007
A 70-year-old female experienced severe anxiety due to an incident with a stranger when she was home alone at night. Immediately after the event, she had an oppressive chest sensation; 16 h later she was admitted to hospital. Left ventriculography showed akinesia of the mid-to-distal portion and hyperkinesia of the ...
Almenar L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Brain naturietic peptide (BNP) elevations have been reported in heart transplant patients both at baseline and during rejection. An association between BNP levels and certain echocardiographic and hemodynamic abnormalities has also been found in nontransplanted heart disease patients. We sought to determine whether BNP values were correlated with echocardiographic ...
Carlos Sampedrano Carolina - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and chronic systemic hypertension (SHT) can both lead to left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in cats. Assessment of LVH-associated myocardial dysfunction could provide new insights in the understanding of the pathophysiology of these diseases. HYPOTHESIS: Quantification of left-ventricular free-wall (LVFW) motion using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) could permit ...
Kayar Abdullah - - 2006
M-mode echocardiographic measurements were made from 50 healthy German Shepherd dogs (30 males and 20 females). The dogs were awake and unsedated, in right lateral recumbent position. The following parameters were measured on the echocardiographic images: interventricular septal thickness at end-diastole (IVSd), interventricular septal thickness at end-systole (IVSs), left ventricular ...
Westermann D - - 2006
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the effect of SB 203580, a pharmacological inhibitor of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), on cardiac inflammation, cardiac fibrosis, and left ventricular function using an animal model of diabetic cardiomyopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diabetes mellitus was induced by streptozotocin (50 mg/kg i.p. for 5 days) in 20 ...
Ishikawa Yumi - - 2007
In order to evaluate the effect of enalapril on haemodynamics and renal function in a pressure overload model, we prepared eight feline models of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) by banding of the aortic arch. The LVH cats were assigned to the placebo group or the enalapril group (0.5 mg/kg, PO, ...
Chiu Yung-Tsung - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intravenous norepinephrine (NE) at a dose of 1-6 microg/kg/minute can induce increased extracellular matrix (ECM) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a higher dose of NE on cardiac remodeling. METHODS: After intraperitoneal urethane-chloralose anesthesia, 7 cats (3.03 +/- 0.58 kg) received intravenous infusion of ...
Chu David K - - 2006
Cardiac phenotyping of transgenic mice typically requires anesthesia. Chemical-grade tribromoethanol (TBE) is commonly used for this purpose due to its relatively short duration of action, modest cardiodepressive effects, and its noncontrolled status. In the present study, we used both genders of C57BL/6;C3H-Tg(Slc8a1)hKdp transgenic (TG) mice and C57BL/6;C3H wild-type (WT) mice ...
Chandler John C - - 2006
Heart rate and systolic, diastolic, and mean pressures were measured in two groups of dogs during treatment of postoperative ventricular arrhythmias either with intravenous (IV) 2% lidocaine hydrochloride or procainamide hydrochloride. Hemodynamic parameters were not significantly changed after IV administration of either drug. Additionally, changes in hemodynamic parameters for dogs ...
Williams Lynne - - 2006
The ventricles share a common septum and, therefore, the filling of one influences the compliance of the other. This phenomenon is known as direct diastolic ventricular interaction. The interaction is noticeably increased when the force exerted by the surrounding pericardium is raised, which is termed pericardial constraint. In healthy individuals, ...
Goto Kazutomo - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of Doppler strain rate imaging for assessment of left ventricular regional diastolic function has not been fully determined. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the relationships between diastolic strain rates and global diastolic function and find a useful index for regional diastolic function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ...
Minami Shunrou - - 2006
Pulmonary hypertensive model rats were prepared by treating them with monochrotaline (MCT). Using these model rats, we examined myocyte remodeling in the right ventricle in response to increased right ventricular pressure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 2 groups. Group M received MCT and group C received physiological saline. The ...
Andersen Niels H - - 2006
Decreased left ventricular long-axis function may be the earliest stage in subclinical heart failure in Type II diabetes. To assess whether a decrease in SBP (systolic blood pressure) or a change in metabolic control would improve the long-axis function, 48 Type II diabetic patients participating in the CALM II (Candesartan ...
Bousette Nicolas - - 2006
Expression of urotensin II (UII) is significantly elevated in the hearts of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). Recent reports have also shown increased plasma levels of UII in patients with CHF, and these levels correlated with the severity of disease. We therefore hypothesized that blockade of UII signaling would ...
Casaclang-Verzosa Grace G Division of Cardiovascular Diseases , Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2006
To determine the echocardiographic changes in the heart at 3 months and 1 year after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Thirty-two adult patients who underwent PTE for CTEPH at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn, from 1997 to 2003 were included in the study. ...
Iwashima Yasunori - - 2006
This study was designed to compare the effect of candesartan on cardiac left ventricular mass in Japanese patients with that of amlodipine. A total of 40 type 2 diabetic patients with hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were randomly assigned to receive candesartan (n=20) or amlodipine (n=20). The two treatments ...
Weber T - - 2006
To evaluate whether left ventricular ejection time indexed for heart rate (left ventricular ejection time index (LVETI)) and arterial wave reflections (augmented pressure (AP)) are increased in patients with diastolic dysfunction (DD). Prospective observational study. University teaching hospital providing primary and tertiary care. 235 consecutive patients undergoing left heart catheterisation ...
Cooper George G - - 2006
The cytoskeleton as classically defined for eukaryotic cells consists of three systems of protein filaments: the microtubules, the intermediate filaments, and the microfilaments. In mature striated muscle such as the heart of the adult mammal, these three types of cytoskeletal filaments are superimposed spatially on the myofilaments, a specialized system ...
Sandersen Charlotte F - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of combined atropine low-dose dobutamine stress test on left ventricular parameters in adult warmblood horses, to establish a potential protocol for pharmacological stress echocardiography. Seven healthy untrained warmblood horses aged 9 to 22 years were used. Heart rate (HR) and ...
Michaux Isabelle - - 2006
The ratio of tricuspid peak early inflow velocity to peak early diastolic velocity of the lateral tricuspid annulus (the E/Ea ratio) measured by transthoracic echocardiography has been reported to correlate with right atrial (RA) pressure. In this study, the correlation between the E/Ea ratio and RA pressure was tested in ...
Agricola Eustachio - - 2006
Ultrasound lung comet images (ULC) are useful for the noninvasive assessment of extravascular lung water (EVLW). We investigated the modification of EVLW, its relation to indices of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, and noninvasively determined pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) (PCWP = 1.24 ratio of early diastolic mitral inflow ...
Mathru Mali - - 2006
This study was performed to determine whether endotoxemia causes diastolic cardiac dysfunction. Eleven healthy volunteers, 30 +/- 6 years of age, underwent comprehensive transthoracic echocardiographic assessment including two-dimensional, M-mode transmitral and tissue Doppler of systolic and diastolic function at baseline and at 3 and 5 h after intravenous administration of ...
Matsumoto Nobuko - - 2006
Left ventricular hypertrophy is considered to be a major cardiovascular risk factor in hemodialysis patients. Not only high blood pressure but also humoral factors such as angiotensin II and aldosterone are thought to contribute to the increase in left ventricular mass. We examined the effects of an angiotensin converting enzyme ...
Sani Isa Muhammad - - 2006
Increased QT dispersion is associated with sudden cardiac death in congestive cardiac failure, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and following myocardial infarction. Patients with hypertension--in particular, those with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH)--are also at greater risk of sudden cardiac death. We examined whether QT dispersion, which is easily obtained from a routine ECG, ...
Pelà Giovanna - - 2006
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare systemic disease characterized by necrotizing vasculitis and peripheral eosinophilia. Cardiac involvement is considered common and is given a high rank among the causes of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was an update on the cardiac manifestations of this syndrome using a ...
Buckberg Gerald D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the 'isovolumetric relaxation' phase of rapid ventricular filling by analysis of the shortening of cardiac muscle in the endocardial and epicardial segments of the left ventricle in the dual helical model of the ventricular band, described by Torrent-Guasp. METHODS: In 10 pigs (27-82 kg), temporal shortening by ...
Marcus Gregory M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Poor performance by physicians-in-training and interobserver variability between physicians have diminished clinicians' confidence in the value of the third heart sound (S3). METHODS: To determine whether auscultation of a clinically useful S3 improves with advancing levels of experience, we performed a prospective, blinded, observational study of 100 patients undergoing ...
Izumiya Yasuhiro Y Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2006
Cardiac hypertrophy is associated with upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the myocardium. Here, we evaluated the effects of a decoy VEGF receptor on heart morphology and function to a murine model of pressure overload hypertrophy. Mice were administered adenoviral vector encoding a decoy VEGF receptor (Ad-Flk), and ...
Shivalkar Bharati - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We studied structural and functional cardiac alterations in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), their relationship to the severity of OSA, and the effects of treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea may influence the cardiac function by several mechanisms in the awake patient. METHODS: Left and ...
Yuan Lijun - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the cardiac morphological and functional changes by echocardiography, before and after parturition in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). METHODS: The parameters related to cardiac morphology and left ventricular diastolic and systolic functions were compared before and after parturition in 32 patients with PIH and 24 normal pregnant ...
Palazzesi Sergio - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac hypertrophy arises as an adaptive response to increased afterload. Studies in knockout mice have shown that catecholamines, but not alpha1-adrenergic receptors, are necessary for such an adaptation to occur. However, whether beta-adrenergic receptors are critical for the development of cardiac hypertrophy in response to pressure overload is not ...
Kamp Otto - - 2006
The rationale and clinical use of Doppler echocardiography for the assessment of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is described with focus on recent developments. Noninvasive measurement of elevated left atrial pressure can be performed with transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography in daily practice and thus, can be used for clinical management in ...
Koch Andreas - - 2006
AIMS: To examine the diagnostic value of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) plasma concentration in congenital heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: BNP was measured in 288 consecutive patients (mean age 6.0 +/- 6.4 years) with left-to-right shunt, left or right heart obstruction, tetralogy of Fallot, functionally univentricular heart, or impaired left ...
Stilli Donatella - - 2006
We have analysed alterations of alpha-skeletal actin expression and volume fraction of fibrosis in the ventricular myocardium and their functional counterpart in terms of arrhythmogenesis and haemodynamic variables, in rats with different degrees of compensated cardiac hypertrophy induced by infra-renal abdominal aortic coarctation. The following coarctation calibres were used: 1.3 ...
Saglam Mustafa - - 2006
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the regulation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the myocardium and thus the pathogenesis of vascular and cardiac hypertrophy. In this study, we investigated contribution of plasma matrix metalloproteinases to development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive subjects. Hypertensive patients ...
Takahashi Masahiko - - 2006
Left ventricular hypertrophy is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We evaluated the effect of long-term and strict antihypertensive therapy with and without the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) imidapril on left ventricular hypertrophy using a novel indicator of chronic burden on the left ventricle, the area under the blood ...
Kean Allison J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated the development of impaired systolic function and new segmental wall motion abnormalities following completion of ultraendurance events. Limited information is available on the effect of an endurance event such as a marathon on the left ventricular indices and hemodynamics. METHODS: We examined 45 patients (26 ...
Brack Kieran E - - 2006
The relative contribution of the chronotropic effects of stimulating sympathetic and vagus nerves on cardiac inotropic changes in the isolated Langendorff perfused rabbit heart with intact dual autonomic nerves was studied. The force-frequency relationship was investigated, in addition to sympathetic nerve stimulation (SS) at 2 Hz (low), 5 Hz (med) ...
Nunes José Pedro L - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Arterial hypertension is frequently associated with sleep apnea, excessive weight, and with changes in the echocardiographic characteristics of the left cardiac chambers. The present investigation was conducted in order to search for a possible relation between left cardiac structure and sleep apnea magnitude in patients with arterial hypertension and ...
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