Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2281
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mori Shumpei - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the clinical and hemodynamic implications of interventricular septal motion in patients with pulmonary hypertension. BACKGROUND: In patients with pulmonary hypertension, we have noticed two types of peculiar motions of the interventricular septum by M-mode echocardiography: marked early systolic anterior motion (type A) and marked early ...
Sun Biao - - 2007
Physiological hypertrophy in response to physical training is important in the differentiation of physiological and pathological left ventricular hypertrophy. The goal of our study was to define the structural characteristics of the heart in Chinese athletes. Between June 2005 and August 2005, 339 (165 male, 174 female) elite Chinese athletes ...
Sharma A K - - 2007
Changes in oxidative stress and apoptotic process were studied during the progression of a compensated hypertrophy to a decompensated heart failure in guinea pigs. Banding of the ascending aorta resulted in heart hypertrophy. At 10 wk, ventricle-to-body weight ratio and thickness of the interventricular septum as well as the left ...
Hoesel Laszlo M - - 2007
We previously reported that generation of the anaphylatoxin C5a is linked to the development of cardiac dysfunction in sepsis due to C5a interaction with its receptor (C5aR) on cardiomyocytes. Burn injury involves inflammatory mechanisms that can lead to C5a generation as well. In this study, we investigated the effects of ...
Demirbag Recep - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine serum prolidase activity in patients with hypertension and its relation with left ventricular hypertrophy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Serum prolidase activity was measured spectrophotometrically in hypertensive patients with (Group II, n=30) and without left ventricular hypertrophy (Group III, n=30) and in control ...
Potkin Ralph - - 2007
Glossopharyngeal insufflation (GI), a technique used by breath-hold divers to increase lung volume and augment diving depth and duration, is associated with untoward hemodynamic consequences. To study the cardiac effects of GI, we performed transthoracic echocardiography, using the subcostal window, in five elite breath-hold divers at rest and during GI. ...
Stritzke Jan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Extreme alterations in blood count such as anaemia or polycythemia are known to cause circulatory changes and, if these alterations persist, adaptations of cardiac geometry. OBJECTIVES: To investigate further the association between haematocrit levels and left ventricular geometry in a population-based sample. METHODS: We examined 687 women and 648 ...
Hao Jia - - 2007
Pressure overload diseases, such as valvular stenosis and systemic hypertension, manifest morphologically in patients as cardiac concentric hypertrophy. Prevention of cardiac remodeling due to increased pressure overload is important to reduce morbidity and mortality. Epigallocatechin-3 gallate (EGCG) is a major bioactive polyphenol present in green tea which has been found ...
Yazici Mehmet - - 2007
BACKGROUND: P-wave dispersion (PD), a measure of heterogeneity of atrial refractoriness, is defined as the difference between the minimum (P min) and maximum P-wave (P max) durations on standard 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG). Increase in PD shows the intra-atrial and inter-atrial non-uniform conduction. In the present study the evaluation of the ...
Min Pil-Ki - - 2007
This study sought to evaluate the incremental value of the time interval between the onset of early transmitral flow velocity (E) and the onset of early diastolic velocity (E') of the mitral annulus for the prediction of left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure (EDP) in the presence of a "gray zone" ...
Ferrara L A - - 2007
Aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), diagnosed according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria and its relationship with echocardiographic parameters of cardiac structure and function. The study was performed in 707 subjects, age 45-54 years, of the Gubbio Population Study who underwent ...
Javaheri Shahrokh - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether central sleep apnea (CSA) contributes to mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Cheyne-Stokes breathing with CSA commonly occurs in patients with systolic HF. Consequences of CSA, including altered blood gases and neurohormonal activation, could result in further left ...
Bavegems Valérie - - 2007
The aim of the study was to establish reference echocardiographic values for whippets, to compare these values with previously published reference values for the general dog population, and to determine whether there is an influence of gender and breeding lines on echocardiographic measurements. Echocardiographic parameters from 105 apparently healthy whippets ...
Chinali Marcello - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular mass (LVM) exceeding needs to sustain haemodynamic load has been termed 'inappropriate left ventricular mass'. We hypothesized that inappropriate LVM identifies hypertensive patients with clustered cardiac geometric and functional abnormalities. METHODS: For this purpose, 359 hypertensive individuals without prevalent cardiovascular disease underwent Doppler echocardiography. Observed LVM exceeding ...
Nardi Emilio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) have a much greater cardiovascular risk than the general population. Moreover, hypertension is common in these patients, as is left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction, which contribute to a worse prognosis. While these findings are well established for end-stage renal disease, fewer ...
Dávila Diego F - - 2008
The experimental design of clinical studies, on the pharmacological treatment of essential hypertension, has ignored a fundamental issue: Hypertensive patients are not a homogenous population. The adaptation of the cardiovascular system to hypertension is structurally and functionally heterogeneous. Recent clinical investigations suggest that this heterogeneity can be minimized by echocardiography. ...
Zeller Thomas - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine if angioplasty of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, which reduces the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), may lead to regression of left ventricular hypertrophy. METHODS: The study included 102 patients (58 men; mean age 67 years, range 66-69) who underwent stent-supported percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) and ...
Balal Mustafa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the main causes of cardiovascular complications leading to death and allograft dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the levels of 24 h blood pressure and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and bi-ventricular tissue Doppler echocardiographic measurements in renal transplant ...
Alchaghouri Samir - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: QT peak prolongation is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with hypertension. This study tests the hypothesis that QT peak prolongation correlates with LV mass index in apparently healthy young football players. METHODS: QT peak and other ECG criteria for LVH were assessed in 117 male professional ...
Demir Mesut - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An excess of myocardial collagens in hypertension is a result of increased collagen synthesis and unchanged or decreased collagen degradation. Increased collagen content, which is shown by the procollagen type I carboxy-terminal peptide (PIP), promotes cardiac remodeling and function abnormalities. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess ...
Dudas Györki Z - - 2007
The aim of this study was to characterise the development of cardiac dilatation induced by chronic volume overload in 12 dogs. Bilateral arteriovenous fistulas were created between the common femoral arteries and the femoral veins, and the animals were serially studied with transthoracic echocardiography for a period of 12 weeks ...
Luo C - - 2007
We upgraded our human cardiopulmonary (CP) model with additional data that enables it to more accurately simulate normal physiology. We then tested its ability to explain human disease by changing two parameter values that decrease ventricular compliance, and found that it could predict many of the hemodynamic, gas exchange, and ...
Martin T C - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease is emerging as the leading cause of death in the Caribbean region with hypertension along with diabetes mellitus representing the major causes. Left ventricular hypertrophy associated with hypertension results in a two to fourfold increase in cardiac morbidity and mortality. One hundred and eleven patients, 67% female, mean ...
Ilgenli T Fikret - - 2007
Smoking is a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Besides chronic effects, it has unfavourable effects in the acute period. Although there are plenty of data regarding its effect on left ventricle functions, the effect of cigarette smoking on right ventricular function in the acute period is unknown. The ...
Eghtesady Pirooz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms leading to left ventricular hypoplasia and endocardial fibroelastosis in the fetus remain unknown. Prevailing theory is that obstruction to blood flow through the left ventricle leads to elevated end-diastolic pressures, compromised myocardial perfusion, and endocardial ischemia. Fetal interventions are now being performed, based on the presumption that they ...
Sesti Giorgio - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) interfere with cardiac mass (left ventricular mass; LVM) development. We investigated the role of the GH/IGF-1 axis on LVM and ventricular geometry in a group of 230 never-treated hypertensive patients. METHODS: Partition values for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were 125 g/m2 ...
Wright Gary A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients are at high risk of cardiac death. Coincidental but silent coronary disease is obviously a major contributor but left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) could be a second major contributor. METHODS: To investigate whether LVH could really be making a large contribution to cardiac death in ...
Elias Merrill F - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine whether echocardiographic left ventricular mass is related to cognitive performance beyond casual blood pressure adjusting for the influence of other vascular risk factors. We used multivariable regression analyses to relate left ventricular mass assessed at a routine examination (1995-1998) to measures of ...
Drukteinis Jennifer S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The epidemic of overweight is increasing the prevalence of both prehypertension and early-onset hypertension, but few population-based data exist on their impact on cardiac structure and function in adolescents and young adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed clinical characteristics, hemodynamic parameters, and left ventricular structure and function in 1940 ...
Person, Margaret M.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a response to an increase in blood volume that the heart must pump at a given period of time or an increase in resistance that blood vessels must overcome to generate an adequate cardiac output, thus adequate oxygen delivery and tissue perfusion. More than ...
Borgarelli Michele - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Systolic dysfunction associated with chronic mitral valve insufficiency (CMVI) has been demonstrated in experimental animal models and large breed (LB) dogs but has been reported as an uncommon finding in small breed (SB) dogs with naturally occurring disease. It has been suggested the myocardial failure could be, in part, ...
Gibbs J Simon R - - 2007
The myocardium is well protected against chronic hypoxia. In chronic hypoxia stroke volume falls both at rest and on exercise. The fall in stroke volume is associated with reduction in left ventricular dimensions and filling pressure. An obvious explanation for this is the reduction in plasma volume observed at high ...
Meijs M F L - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure, coronary heart disease and stroke. LVH develops in response to haemodynamic overload, e.g. hypertension. LVH was originally thought to start as an adaptive and beneficial response required to normalise wall stress. However, this concept has ...
Dubi Shay - - 2007
A minimal model for mechanical motion of the left ventricle is proposed. The model assumes the left ventricle to be a harmonic oscillator with two distinct phases, simulating the systolic and diastolic phases, at which both the amplitude and the elastic constant of the oscillator are different. Taking into account ...
Barrick Cordelia J - - 2007
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, is commonly caused by essential hypertension. Three geometric patterns of LVH can be induced by hypertension: concentric remodeling, concentric hypertrophy, and eccentric hypertrophy. Clinical studies suggest that different underlying etiologies, genetic modifiers, and risk of mortality are associated ...
Iqbal M M - - 2006
After renal transplantation there is a substantial alteration in cardiac morphology and functions. This prospective study was undertaken to observe changes in different cardiac parameters in early months after transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two allograft recipients (primary disease glomerulonephritis) were evaluated in the immediate pretransplant period (0 month) and 1 ...
Neilan Tomas G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have individually documented cardiac dysfunction and biochemical evidence of cardiac injury after endurance sports; however, convincing associations between the two are lacking. We aimed to determine the associations between the observed transient cardiac dysfunction and biochemical evidence of cardiac injury in amateur participants in endurance sports and ...
Kokkinos Peter - - 2007
Prehypertensive individuals are at increased risk for developing hypertension and cardiovascular disease compared with those with normal blood pressure. Early compromises in left ventricular structure may explain part of the increased risk. We assessed echocardiographic and exercise parameters in prehypertensive individuals (n=790) to determine associations between exercise blood pressure and ...
Li K - - 2006
Right ventricular hypertrophy and failure is an important step in the development of ascites syndrome (AS) in broiler chickens. Cytoplasmic calcium concentration is a major regulator of cardiac contractile function and various physiological processes in cardiac muscle cells. The purpose of this study was to measure the right ventricular pressure ...
Borlaug Barry A - - 2006
Abnormalities of diastole are common to most forms of congestive heart failure (HF). Diastolic function is broadly defined as the ability of the heart to fill adequately and at normal pressure to charge the ventricular pump for each subsequent contraction. It is determined by both active and passive processes occurring ...
Payne John R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular mass is a risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although factors associated with elevated left ventricular mass have been sought and studied extensively in elderly and in diseased subjects, few studies have examined the young and healthy. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Depre Christophe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The adaptation of cardiac mass to hemodynamic overload requires an adaptation of protein turnover, ie, the balance between protein synthesis and degradation. We tested 2 hypotheses: (1) chronic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) activates the proteasome system of protein degradation, especially in the myocardium submitted to the highest wall stress, ...
Olariu A - - 2006
The publisher regrets that this was an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in Eur. J. Echocardiogr., 4 (2003) 162-168, . The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
Kurisu Satoshi - - 2007
A 70-year-old female experienced severe anxiety due to an incident with a stranger when she was home alone at night. Immediately after the event, she had an oppressive chest sensation; 16 h later she was admitted to hospital. Left ventriculography showed akinesia of the mid-to-distal portion and hyperkinesia of the ...
Almenar L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Brain naturietic peptide (BNP) elevations have been reported in heart transplant patients both at baseline and during rejection. An association between BNP levels and certain echocardiographic and hemodynamic abnormalities has also been found in nontransplanted heart disease patients. We sought to determine whether BNP values were correlated with echocardiographic ...
Carlos Sampedrano Carolina - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and chronic systemic hypertension (SHT) can both lead to left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in cats. Assessment of LVH-associated myocardial dysfunction could provide new insights in the understanding of the pathophysiology of these diseases. HYPOTHESIS: Quantification of left-ventricular free-wall (LVFW) motion using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) could permit ...
Kayar Abdullah - - 2006
M-mode echocardiographic measurements were made from 50 healthy German Shepherd dogs (30 males and 20 females). The dogs were awake and unsedated, in right lateral recumbent position. The following parameters were measured on the echocardiographic images: interventricular septal thickness at end-diastole (IVSd), interventricular septal thickness at end-systole (IVSs), left ventricular ...
Westermann D - - 2006
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We investigated the effect of SB 203580, a pharmacological inhibitor of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), on cardiac inflammation, cardiac fibrosis, and left ventricular function using an animal model of diabetic cardiomyopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diabetes mellitus was induced by streptozotocin (50 mg/kg i.p. for 5 days) in 20 ...
Ishikawa Yumi - - 2007
In order to evaluate the effect of enalapril on haemodynamics and renal function in a pressure overload model, we prepared eight feline models of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) by banding of the aortic arch. The LVH cats were assigned to the placebo group or the enalapril group (0.5 mg/kg, PO, ...
Chiu Yung-Tsung - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intravenous norepinephrine (NE) at a dose of 1-6 microg/kg/minute can induce increased extracellular matrix (ECM) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a higher dose of NE on cardiac remodeling. METHODS: After intraperitoneal urethane-chloralose anesthesia, 7 cats (3.03 +/- 0.58 kg) received intravenous infusion of ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >