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Migneco Francesco - - 2008
Ventricular catheterization in the rat is a widely deployed procedure. Current options allow a one-time catheterization procedure, introducing an error due to the inter-individual variability. Six Fischer rats underwent left ventricular catheterization through the right carotid artery, repeated seven days later via the left carotid artery. We acquired volume and ...
Chinali Marcello - - 2008
In hypertensive patients without prevalent cardiovascular disease, enhanced left atrial systolic force is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy and increased preload. It also predicts cardiovascular events in a population with high prevalence of obesity. Relations between left atrial systolic force and left ventricular geometry and function have not been investigated ...
Matsui Yoshio - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Doxazosin is reported to increase the incidence of congestive heart failure. The benefits of doxazosin, for controlling morning blood pressure as well as its effect on the left ventricular structure and function, are herein examined. METHODS: In this study, 223 morning hypertensive patients were randomized into either the doxazosin ...
Arques Stephane - - 2009
Recent studies have questioned the reliability of the spectral tissue Doppler-derived E/E' ratio in the assessment of left ventricular diastolic pressures in the individual patient. It appears therefore of clinical importance to highlight that E/E' provides useful clinical information for the diagnosis of heart failure as well as risk stratification ...
Lind L - - 2008
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a powerful cardiovascular risk factor and has previously been related to endothelium-dependent vasodilation (EDV) in hypertensive patients. In the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors study, different techniques to evaluate EDV in different types of vessels were applied and were related to left ...
Adebayo Adedeji K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is known that a spectrum of changes in structure, size and function of the different chambers of the heart occur in individuals with hypertension. The earliest changes and the sequence of these changes are still being studied. AIMS: The present study aimed to assess early changes in the ...
Cotter Paul A - - 2008
Using Doppler echocardiography and electrocardiography, we characterized cardiac hemodynamics, timing, and electromechanical function, and examined the effects of ventricular hypertrophy on systolic function in anesthetized rainbow trout. Atrial filling (D(SA)), ventricular filling (D(AV)), and ventricular ejection (D(VB)) accounted for 40-77, 13-27, and 22-41% of the cardiac cycle, respectively. Ventricular ejection ...
Schiano Lomoriello V - - 2008
The case reported concerns a woman with hypertensive emergency, showing triphasic diastolic pattern with mid-diastolic velocity both at transmitral inflow and at pulsed tissue Doppler-derived septal/lateral mitral annulus. In addition, the time from EKG R wave peak to annular early diastolic velocity (Em) onset was longer than the time occurring ...
Isma'eel Hussain - - 2008
Cardiovascular impairment is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with thalassemia intermedia. In this study, echocardiographic assessment of left heart condition was performed in patients with thalassemia intermedia, and its relation to hematologic variables--amino terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), ferritin, hemoglobin--and liver iron concentration (LIC) was investigated. ...
Okin Peter M - - 2008
Although men and women differ in the magnitude of ECG left ventricular hypertrophy, whether gender differences exist in the degree of regression of ECG left ventricular hypertrophy during antihypertensive therapy is unclear. ECG left ventricular hypertrophy defined using gender-adjusted Cornell product and Sokolow-Lyon voltage criteria was assessed serially in 9193 ...
Park Sung-Ji - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular torsion (LVtor) and subsequent untwisting play an important role in diastolic filling. There is, however, limited information about how LVtor and untwisting are related to the severity of diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to assess LVtor and untwisting in the progressive severity of diastolic ...
Wang Angela Y-M - - 2008
Left ventricular hypertrophy and systolic dysfunction predict mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. However, the prognostic value of left ventricular filling pressure has remained uncertain in this population. We evaluated whether the early mitral inflow velocity to peak mitral annulus velocity (E/Em) ratio, an estimate of left ventricular filling ...
Takeshita Daisuke - - 2008
In consideration of clinical implications, it is often complained that short-term experimental diseased heart models do not mimic long-term diseased hearts that are often clinically encountered. The aim of the present study was (i) to compare the left ventricular function between rat cardiac hypertrophy models treated with isoproterenol for 3 ...
Atmaca Yusuf - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate tissue-level perfusion in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC), using the myocardial blush grade technique. METHOD: The study population consisted of 26 prospectively enrolled IDC patients (15 women and 11 men; mean age, 59+/-8.8 years) and 26 control subjects (11 women ...
Giampietri Claudia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Activation of Fas signaling has been associated with the development of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In the present study, we investigated the effects of increased expression of c-Flip, a natural modulator of Fas receptor signaling, in a mouse model of cardiac growth response to pressure overload. METHODS: A transgenic mouse overexpressing ...
Rudko Rafal - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Deterioration of active relaxation results in prolongation of isovolumteric relaxation time (IVRT), however, when left ventricular filling pressure elevates, mitral valve opens earlier and IVRT shortens. This shortening is not seen when IVRT is measured with tissue Doppler imaging (IVRT'). Then, IVRT' prolongs with the deceleration of active relaxation ...
Mouly-Bertin Carine - - 2008
No agreement has been reached regarding the best strategy to detect left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This study examined the role of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in the diagnosis of LVH in hypertensive patients and the potential factors that may influence its diagnostic performance. The global accuracy of NT-proBNP in ...
Costanzo Pierluigi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In idiopathic and ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) there are differences in left atrial and ventricular relaxation. We assessed the hypothesis of an influence of these dissimilarities in assessing left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP) in these two DCMs by standard Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging. In particular, we focused on ...
Yokuşoğlu Mehmet - - 2008
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease, generally treated with total correction within the first two years of life. Occasionally, some unoperated cases can reach older ages. A 68-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus presented with swelling in legs and abdomen, weakness, exertional dyspnea, and orthopnea. ...
Tang Huo-Ling - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular structure and function of older adult Rhesus monkey by utrasonography. METHODS: Sixteen monkeys aged from 17 to 20 years and weighing from 8.2 to 15.3 kg, six adults aged 7-8 years and weighing from 8.1 to 9.2 kg. All monkeys were determined to be free ...
Zhang Xin-Yu - - 2008
The second heart sound (S2) is triggered by an aortic valve closure as a result of the ventricular-arterial interaction of the cardiovascular system. The objective of this paper is to investigate the timing of S2 in response to the changes in hemodynamic parameters and its relation to aortic blood pressure ...
Lin Shan-Miao - - 2008
Restrictive cardiomyopathy in young children is rare and carries a poor prognosis. We report an 18-month-old girl with poor feeding and abdominal distension. Except for hepatomegaly, no other gastrointestinal abnormalities were found. She had normal-sized ventricles but biatrial enlargement. Echocardiography demonstrated normal systolic but impaired diastolic function. Cardiac catheterization revealed ...
Atsma Femke - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Frontal T axis and spatial QRS-T angle are both measures of disturbances in ventricular repolarization and depolarization. We determined whether increased blood pressure is a risk factor for changes in these parameters in postmenopausal women free of left ventricular hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 969 women. ...
Anselmi Amedeo - - 2008
In the natural history of pressure overload, the hypertrophy response of the left ventricle initially normalizes wall stress and allows preservation of a normal ejection fraction. Nevertheless, patients progress gradually or suddenly from compensated hypertrophy to ventricular dilation with heart failure. Long-standing hypertrophy entails a maladaptive response, which is due ...
Chua-Chin Wang - - 2008
A mini-invasive system for long-term bladder urine pressure measurement system is presented. Not only is the design cost reduced, but also the reliability is enhanced by using a 1-atm canceling sensing instrumentation amplifier (IA). Because the urine pressure inside the bladder does not vary drastically, both the sleeping and working ...
Akki Ashwin - - 2008
Cardiac hypertrophy is an independent risk factor in the development of heart failure. However, the cellular mechanisms underlying the transition from compensated hypertrophy to heart failure are incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in myocardial substrate utilisation and function in pressure-overload hypertrophy (using 13C NMR ...
Leeuwenburgh Boudewijn P J - - 2008
Myocardial hyperplasia is generally considered to occur only during fetal development. However, recent evidence suggests that this type of response may also be triggered by cardiac overload after birth. In congenital heart disease, loading conditions are frequently abnormal, thereby affecting ventricular function. We hypothesized that chronic right ventricular pressure overload ...
Radulescu Dan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate left ventricular diastolic and systolic performance in women diagnosed with breast cancer and treated with low doses of anthracyclines (epirubicin). METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-four female patients with breast cancer treated with epirubicin up to 450 mg/m2 (study group), and a matched ...
Ratto Elena - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate left ventricular mass (LVM) and microalbuminuria predict cardiovascular events in hypertension. We attempted to evaluate the relationship between inappropriate LVM and albuminuria in hypertensive patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and two nondiabetic, untreated patients with primary hypertension were studied. The appropriateness of LVM to cardiac workload was ...
Ugur Mehmet Birol - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to determine the effects of adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy (AT) on cardiac functions in children with adenoid and/or tonsillary hypertrophy and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by using echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging facility (TDI). METHODS: Twenty-nine children with adenoid and/or tonsillary hypertrophy and OSAS and 26 children ...
Salles Gil F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Two electrocardiographic markers of ventricular repolarization abnormalities have been recently proposed: spatial T-wave axis deviation and T(peak)-T(end)-interval duration. The aim of this study was to evaluate these markers in patients with resistant hypertension, particularly their relationships with left ventricular mass (LVM) and geometric patterns, in comparison with the more ...
Agoşton-Coldea Lucia - - 2008
Arterial hypertension is associated with accelerated atherosclerosis resulting in increased arterial stiffness. It is well known that left ventricular diastolic function declines in patients with hypertension. The study aims to determine the relationship between arterial stiffness and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension with preserved left ventricular ejection ...
Molina Ezequiel J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In a rat model of pressure overload hypertrophy, we studied the effects of intracoronary delivery of mesenchymal stem cells on hemodynamic performance, exercise capacity, systemic inflammation, and left ventricular reverse remodeling. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent aortic banding and were followed up by echocardiographic scanning. After a decrease in fractional ...
Shi Jianjian - - 2008
The development of left ventricular cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in response to increased hemodynamic load and neurohormonal stress is initially a compensatory response. However, persistent stress eventually leads to dilated heart failure, which is a common cause of heart failure in human hypertensive and valvular heart disease. We have recently reported that ...
Paquette P-A - - 2008
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a maladaptive process associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Regression of LVH is associated with reduced complications of hypertension. Moxonidine is an antihypertensive imidazoline compound that reduces blood pressure primarily by central inhibition of sympathetic outflow and by direct actions on the heart to release atrial ...
Bettendorff-Bakman D-E - - 2008
During the rapid filling phase of the heart cycle, the internal volumes of the two ventricular cavities approximately double, while the intraventricular pressures rise typically only by an amount of less than 1 kPa. Such a small pressure increase cannot be the sole driving mechanism for the large inflow of ...
Basavarajaiah Sandeep - - 2007
The differentiation between physiological cardiac enlargement and cardiomyopathy is crucial, considering that most young non-traumatic deaths in sport are due to cardiomyopathy. Currently, there are few data relating to cardiac dimensions in junior elite tennis players. The aim of this study was to define the upper limits of left ventricular ...
Peterson Gail E - - 2007
African Americans with hypertensive renal disease represent a high-risk population for cardiovascular events. Although left ventricular hypertrophy is a strong predictor of adverse cardiac outcome, the prevalence and associated factors of left ventricular hypertrophy in this patient population are not well described. The African American Study of Kidney Disease Cohort ...
Dagli Necati - - 2008
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure, left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction may cause hemodynamic and morphological changes in the left atrium, consequently instability and heterogeneity in atrial conduction. This is seen as an increase in maximum P wave duration (P(max)) and P wave dispersion (PD) on the electrocardiogram (ECG). P wave ...
Sundström J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance independently predicts heart failure and coronary disease, and has been related to thick left ventricular walls, mainly in studies of hypertensive samples not fully accounting for the influence of blood pressure. This study investigated whether the metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance are related to left ventricular geometry ...
Porthan Kimmo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Arterial hypertension often leads to an increase in left ventricular mass (LVM). Marked left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with potentially arrhythmogenic ventricular repolarization abnormalities, which may contribute to the increased risk of sudden cardiac death in this disorder. We studied whether electrocardiographic repolarization changes are already detectable in ...
Pirat Bahar - - 2007
Assessment of diastolic function and left ventricular filling pressures in the setting of both normal and reduced systolic function is of major importance particularly in patients with dyspnea. Since multiple echocardiography parameters are used to assess diastolic function each with some limitations, a comprehensive approach should be applied. Transmitral Doppler ...
Campbell F E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of cardiomyopathy of cats is based on 2-dimensional (2D) echocardiography. However, circulating fluid volume largely determines diastolic cardiac chamber dimensions, and reduced diastolic volume in other species results in what has been called "pseudohypertrophy of the ventricular myocardium." HYPOTHESIS: Altered hydration produces changes on 2D echocardiography that may ...
Guntheroth W G - - 2007
The reported sensitivity of the echocardiographic finding of right atrial collapse for the diagnosis of tamponade ranges from 50% to100%; specificities have ranged from 33% to 100%. Its sensitivity in identifying right ventricular collapse ranges from 48% to 100% whereas the specificity ranges from 72% to 100%. Collapse of either ...
Karaca Ilgin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) reflects the left ventricular pressure and volume overload. It is known that it increases in systolic dysfunction proportionally with left ventricular pressure increase. The BNP levels are well correlated with NYHA classification and prognosis. Our aim was to evaluate the predictive value of BNP in ...
Huez Sandrine - - 2007
Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) was used to obtain additional insight into the cardiac adaptation to severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulmonary hemodynamics and right and left ventricular function were investigated in 18 untreated patients, 12 with pulmonary arterial hypertension and 6 with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Fourteen age-matched healthy subjects served ...
Huez S - - 2007
Right ventricular function is frequently abnormal in patients with systemic sclerosis, but whether this is related to pulmonary vascular complications of the disease is unclear. Standard echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging was performed at rest and during exercise for the study of right ventricular function and pulmonary circulation in 25 ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2007
The aim of this study is to evaluate whether isovolumic relaxation flow propagation velocity (IRFPV), a newly proposed relaxation parameter, is independent of load alterations. Thirty-nine uremic patients (21 men; age 62 +/- 10 y) who underwent echocardiography 1 h before and 1 h after hemodialysis (HD) were included. After ...
Milan Alberto - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Arterial hypertension is a common cause of cardiac organ damage, inducing morphological and functional modifications. Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) control of the heart rate is a key mechanism of blood pressure homeostasis, and is impaired in patients with hypertension. This study sought to assess the association between BRS and ...
Tubek Sławomir - - 2007
The basal systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, left ventricular mass, serum and lymphocyte zinc levels, serum aldosterone, plasma rennin and angiotensin-converting enzyme activities, sodium and potassium levels, and the total and ouabain-dependent rate constants of zinc efflux from lymphocytes were measured in a group of 41 individuals ...
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