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Jürgensen J S - - 2010
Cardiovascular complications are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. Chronic anemia is a complication of CRF and a cardiovascular risk factor per se. It was the aim of the present study to clarify whether uremia and anemia are additive or supra-additive with respect ...
Griffiths Eric R - - 2010
We have previously shown in a model of pressure-overload hypertrophy that there is increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis during the transition from peak hypertrophy to ventricular decompensation. Electron transport chain dysfunction is believed to play a role in this process through the production of excessive reactive oxygen species. In this study we ...
Missant C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The safety of epidural anaesthesia in patients at risk for right ventricular pressure overload remains controversial. We compared the haemodynamic effects of vascular and cardiac autonomic nerve block, induced by selective lumbar (LEA) and high thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA), respectively, in an animal model subjected to controlled acute right ...
Shirafkan A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that hypertension (HTN) is associated with certain target organ damage (TOD) and related clinical conditions. On the other hand, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) has been considered as an independent risk factor of cardiovascular events and death. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
Le Rolle Virginie - - 2009
The ventricular pressure profile is characteristic of the cardiac contraction progress and is useful to evaluate the cardiac performance. In this contribution, a tissue-level electromechanical model of the left ventricle is proposed, to assist the interpretation of left ventricular pressure waveforms. The left ventricle has been modeled as an ellipsoid ...
Simpson H J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) confers high cardiovascular risk. Regression of LVH reduces risk. Patients with blood pressure in the normal range and LVH are common. We investigated whether further reduction in blood pressure would further regress LVH. METHODS: 51 subjects with blood pressure in the normal range and echocardiographic ...
Honsho Shoken - - 2009
It has been reported that interleukin (IL)-1 is associated with pathological cardiac remodeling and LV dilatation, whereas IL-1beta has also been shown to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Thus, the role of IL-1 in the heart remains to be determined. We studied the role of hypertrophy signal-mediated IL-1beta/insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 production ...
Libhaber Carlos D - - 2009
The relative independent contribution of excess adiposity, as indexed by measures of central, general, or peripheral adiposity, toward abnormal cardiac diastolic chamber function at a community level is unclear. In 377 randomly selected participants >16 years old from a community sample with a high prevalence of excess adiposity ( approximately ...
Miwa Kunihisa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: ECG U-wave inversion can be classified as initial and terminal U inversion according to the phasic relationship to positive U-wave deflection. Initial U inversion is occasionally observed in hypertensive patients while terminal U inversion frequently appears during severe myocardial ischemia. HYPOTHESIS: The genesis of initial U inversion may be ...
Meenakshisundaram R - - 2009
Hypertension is one among many factors that contribute to aortic stiffness, which has repercussions mainly on the heart. To assess aortic stiffness among essential hypertensives of South India and its relationship with gender. An analytical study was designed to assess aortic stiffness among 60 nonobese, nonalcoholic, nonsmoking, and non-caffeine consuming ...
Mitchell G - - 2009
There has been co-evolution of a long neck and high blood pressure in giraffes. How the cardiovascular system (CVS) has adapted to produce a high blood pressure, and how it compares with other similar sized mammals largely is unknown. We have measured body mass and heart structure in 56 giraffes ...
Morin Daniel P - - 2009
AIMS: To determine whether QRS duration predicts sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy and treated hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: Over 4.8 +/- 0.9 years follow-up of 9193 hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic evidence of LVH who were treated with atenolol- or losartan-based regimens, 178 patients (1.9%) suffered ...
Wright Julian R - - 2009
Patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD) are at increased risk of heart disease because of the association with hypertension, coronary artery disease, cardiac failure and chronic kidney disease (CKD). A previous echocardiographic cross-sectional study showed that only 5% of patients with ARVD had normal cardiac structure and function at baseline. ...
Liljedahl Stefan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of antihypertensive treatment on the Doppler-derived myocardial performance index (MPI) in patients with hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy. METHODS: The MPI was measured at baseline and after 48 weeks of antihypertensive treatment in 93 participants of the SILVHIA trial, where individuals with primary hypertension and left ...
Varian Kenneth D - - 2009
Ventricular hypertrophy is a physiological response to pressure overload that, if left untreated, can ultimately result in ventricular dysfunction, including diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that frequency-dependent myofilament desensitization, a physiological response of healthy myocardium, is altered in hypertrophied myocardium. New Zealand white ...
Sav Tansu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypervolemia is a risk factor for left ventricular hypertrophy and hypertension in peritoneal dialysis patients. Icodextrin improves volume control by increasing ultrafiltration in peritoneal dialysis patients. Aim: To examine the effects of twice-daily icodextrin administration on blood pressure and left ventricular hypertrophy in peritoneal dialysis patients with hypervolemia and ...
Chang Sung-A - - 2009
Hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are the most common high-risk group to develop heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Recent reports have noted the favorable effect of statins on LVH. We evaluated the effect of rosuvastatin on cardiac remodeling, function, and progression to heart failure in a hypertensive ...
Desai Akshay S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important risk factor for the development of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Although heart failure in hypertensive patients is usually ascribed to intrinsic myocardial abnormalities, noncardiac factors may contribute. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using arterial tonometry and Doppler echocardiography, we assessed arterial stiffness and cardiac diastolic ...
Yeter Ekrem - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between circadian blood pressure variations and left ventricular diastolic functions in patients with prehypertension. METHODS: The study population consisted of 48 patients with nondipper prehypertension and 60 patients with dipper prehypertension. Conventional diastolic function parameters, tissue Doppler, and color M-mode ...
Michaels Andrew D - - 2009
Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a noninvasive technique that provides beneficial effects for patients with chronic, symptomatic angina pectoris. However, the direct left ventricular effects of EECP have not been studied invasively. We examined invasive right atrial pressure and left ventricular hemodynamics during EECP. Ten patients referred for diagnostic evaluation ...
Kajimoto Katsuya - - 2011
A 64-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Initial treatment with carperitide (0.01 µg/kg/min) had little effect. Since she had a borderline systolic blood pressure (i.e., a systolic BP between 90 and 110 mm Hg) and atrial fibrillation with a rapid ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2009
AIM: Right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) has been reported to be a component of cardiac damage in systemic hypertension; this evidence, however, is based on small studies and major determinants of biventricular hypertrophy are still undefined. Thus, the prevalence and clinical correlates of RVH have been investigated in essential hypertension. METHODS: ...
Jondeau Guillaume - - 2009
Heart failure is one of the most frequent reasons for hospitalization due to a cardiac event. In most instances, the main difficulty is how to accurately evaluate left ventricular filling pressure. It can be evaluated clinically, biologically and invasively. Although historically, invasive management has been the reference, it is being ...
Bissoli Nazaré Souza - - 2009
We investigated the influence of long-term treatment with supraphysiological doses of an anabolic-androgenic steroid on the Bezold-Jarisch reflex (BJR) control of heart rate (HR) and diastolic arterial pressure (DAP), and whether this treatment induced cardiac hypertrophy. Male rats were treated with nandrolone decanoate (ND) (10 mg kg(-1) body weight for ...
Mukaddam-Daher Suhayla - - 2009
The renin-angiotensin and sympathetic nervous systems play critical interlinked roles in the development of left ventricular hypertrophy, fibrosis, and dysfunction. These studies investigated the hemodynamic and cardiac effects of monoblockade and coblockade of renin-angiotensin and sympathetic nervous systems. Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (16 weeks old; male; n=12 per group) received ...
Tigen K??r??at - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of dipper and non-dipper blood pressure patterns on left ventricular diastolic filling parameters in hypertensive patients. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-five hypertensive patients (37 women, 18 men; mean age 55+/-10 years) were evaluated with echocardiography and ambulatory 24-hour blood pressure monitoring. All the patients received antihypertensive drug ...
Vetter C - - 2010
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is due to pressure overload or mechanical stretch and is thought to be associated with remodeling of gap-junctions. We investigated whether the expression of connexin 43 (Cx43) is altered in humans in response to different degrees of LVH. The expression of Cx43 was analyzed by quantitative ...
Pedrinelli Roberto - - 2009
Abnormal vasoconstriction of the lesser circulation characterizes a subset of patients with essential hypertension, a possible effect of mechanisms, such as enhanced sympathetic tone, increased delivery of blood-borne vasoconstrictor substances or abnormal local release of vasoactive factors, acting on both sides of the circulation or to backward transmission of increased ...
Kaiqiang Ji - - 2009
It is not clear how the blocking effect of angiotensin II receptors by olmesartan affects the functional recovery of pressure-overload hypertrophied heart. Hypertrophied heart was created by abdominal aortic banding above the celiac artery in Wistar rats at the age of eight weeks. Hypertrophied heart was excised and studied at ...
Roselló-Lletí Esther - - 2009
Inflammation is an independent risk factor for high blood pressure, and as a consequence inflammatory cytokines could be related with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). We sought to assess the association and predictive role of different cytokine levels with LVH in a group of patients with essential hypertension (HT). We studied ...
Siedlecki Andrew M AM The Center for Cardiovascular Research, John Milliken Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease is often complicated by uremic cardiomyopathy that consists of left ventricular hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. It is thought that hypertension and volume overload are major causes of this disease, but here we sought to identify additional mechanisms using a mouse model of chronic renal insufficiency. Mice with ...
Panek Anna N - - 2009
[This corrects the article on p. e6743 in vol. 4.].
Stoyanova Vili - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an adaptive response to increased haemodynamic load and an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure. Although the pathophysiological features during the development of cardiac hypertrophy have been extensively studied, the time course of LVH is less clearly defined. AIM: To define ...
Galanti Giorgio - - 2009
Transthoracic echocardiography left ventricular wall thickness is often increased in master athletes and it results by intense physical training. Left Ventricular Hypertrophy can also be due to a constant pressure overload. Conventional Pulsed Wave (PW) Doppler analysis of diastolic function sometimes fails to distinguish physiological from pathological LVH.The aim of ...
Kurbel Sven - - 2008
The left ventricle thickness is a limiting factor of optimal heart size and strength. Due to disappearance of all the features compromising left ventricular compliance, mammalian heart has decreased vascular density and coronary vessel diameter and it requires sufficient diastolic aortic pressure for the left ventricle perfusion. Atrial muscle and ...
Bhuiyan Md Shenuarin - - 2009
We here investigated the effect of bis(1-oxy-2-pyridinethiolato) oxovanadium (IV), [VO(OPT)], against myocardial hypertrophy and cardiac functional recovery in pressure overload-induced hypertrophy in ovariectomized female rats and defined mechanisms underlying its cardioprotective action. Wistar rats subjected to bilateral ovariectomy were further treated with abdominal aortic stenosis. VO(OPT) (containing 1.25 and 2.50 ...
Osorio Moratalla J M - - 2008
Impaired cardiac structure and function are fundamental components of cardiovascular disease, leading to morbidity, mortality, and graft loss after renal transplantation. The aim of this study was to describe and determine the factors involved in these cardiac abnormalities, paying special attention to the role of glucose metabolism and oxidative stress. ...
Ivanović Branislava - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: Beside arterial hypertension as the most important factor of a myocardial hypertension development, very important risk factors are obesity, hypercholesterolemia, insulin resistance, etc. The aim of the study was to examine the influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with arterial hypertension. METHODS: We checked ...
Blair John E - - 2009
Detection of increased left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP) is paramount in the evaluation and treatment of patients with left heart failure, yet difficult to assess directly at the bedside. Although inferior vena cava (IVC) examination can detect increased right atrial pressure, a used surrogate for high LVFP, this assumption has ...
Oliveira Wercules - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) contributes to the deterioration of left ventricular diastolic function. This may lead to atrial myocardial overstretching and enlargement, which could be associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate left atrial (LA) volume and function in ...
Ozaki Kazuyuki - - 2008
Obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) is usually complicated by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or left ventricular hypertrophy. It occurs rarely in cases of sigmoid-shaped septum (SS), which are considered as a normal part of the aging process. The 2 cases of SS with obstruction of the LVOT were observed. ...
Teniente-Valente Raúl - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diastolic function after regression of left ventricular hypertrophy, in mild to moderate hypertension treated with angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitor and, if necessary, with a diuretic. METHODS: Ninety-eight hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and abnormal left ventricle diastolic function indexes received captopril (Capotena) 50 to ...
Kisch-Wedel Hille - - 2008
The aim was, to identify an estimate of left ventricular contractility derived from the aortic pressure wave without load changing manoeuvres. For this purpose, left ventricular contractility was assessed with several aortic pressure wave form derived parameters and was compared to standard parameters of left ventricular contractility (conductance technique) in ...
Markus Marcello Ricardo Paulista - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether persistent prehypertension causes structural or functional alterations of the heart. METHODS: We examined echocardiographic data of 1005 adults from a population-based survey at baseline in 1994/1995 and at follow-up in 2004/2005. We compared individuals who had either persistently normal (<120 mmHg systolic and <80 mmHg ...
Jadhav Ashok - - 2008
Deoxycorticosterone acetate-induced hypertension is a volume overload and human primary aldosteronism model characterized by severe cardiac lesions attributed to elevated inflammation, oxidative stress, fibrosis, and hypertrophy. An important cytoprotective pathway that counteracts tissue insults is the heme oxygenase (HO) system. Although the HO-1 gene promoter contains consensus binding sites for ...
Syed Mohsin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Obesity frequently results in structural and physiologic changes in the cardiovascular system. Whether weight reduction leads to reversal of these changes is not well-established. This investigation sought to identify the effect of a weight reduction program on right and left ventricular structure and function. METHODS: Sixty-two patients presenting to ...
Peterson Amy L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) causes morbidity and mortality in neonates. High-frequency ventilation (HFV), inhaled nitric oxide (iNO), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are used when conventional treatment fails. This study aimed to identify echocardiographic predictors of progression to these therapies before clinical deterioration. METHODS: Echocardiographic parameters ...
de Simone Giovanni G Weill-Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA. - - 2008
Metabolic abnormalities have been shown to predict 8-year incident arterial hypertension in individuals with optimal blood pressure. As echocardiographic left ventricular mass has also been reported to predict incident hypertension in individuals with baseline blood pressure of less than 140/90 mmHg, we determined whether left ventricular mass predicts 4-year incident ...
Schober Karsten E - - 2008
Objective-To identify Doppler echocardiographic (DE) variables that correlate with left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP). Animals-7 healthy dogs (1 to 3 years old). Procedures-Dogs were anesthetized and instrumented to measure left atrial pressure (LAP), left ventricular pressures, and cardiac output. Nine DE variables of LVFP derived from diastolic time intervals, transmitral ...
Nassenstein Kai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To assess left ventricular volumes and mass by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in relation to conventional cardiovascular risk factors and coronary atherosclerotic plaque burden in master marathon runners aged > or =50 years. METHODS: Cardiac MRI was performed in 105 clinically healthy male marathon runners (mean age 57.3 +/- ...
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