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Camarillo Mary Kay MK School of Engineering and Computer Science, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA, - - 2013
Controlling odours from sanitary sewer systems is challenging as a result of the expansive nature of these systems. Addition of oxidizing chemicals is often practiced as a mitigation strategy. One alternative is to remove odorous compounds in the gases vented from manholes using adsorptive media. In this study, odour control ...
Hirose Masayo - - 2013
BACKGROUND In the kidney, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) are formed by the same enzyme, l-aromatic amino acid decarboxylase, but act on renal function and glomerular structure in an opposite direction. The present study was designed to explore whether rates of renal production of 5-HT relative to that of DA ...
Wang Yan - - 2012
Objectives: To cultivate primary human bladder smooth muscle cells (hBSMCs) in vitro and to study the influences of different sustained hydrostatic pressures upon hBSMCs in terms of cell proliferation and expression of gap-junction connexin 43 (Cx43). Methods: hBSMCs were exposed to 0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 cm H(2)O ...
Hatanaka Toshiki - - 2012
Mirabegron, a selective β(3)-adrenoceptor agonist, facilitates urine storage function by exerting a relaxing effect on bladder smooth muscle. Here, we investigated the effect of mirabegron on bladder function during the storage phase. We assessed the effect of mirabegron on the resting intravesical pressure in anesthetized rats and also tested antimuscarinics ...
Sapsford Ruth R - - 2012
PURPOSE: Urethral pressure increases during voluntary pelvic floor (PF) muscle contractions in healthy women. As PF and abdominal muscle activity is coordinated, this study aimed to determine whether specific abdominal muscle actions also change urethral pressure. METHODS: Urethral pressures were measured in seven healthy women during lower abdominal in-drawing, abdominal ...
Jeon S - - 2012
The prevalence of voiding dysfunction was 47.4% by the question of "do you usually experience a feeling of incomplete bladder emptying" from Korean version of PFDI (pelvic floor distress inventory), 33.7% by the value of less than 10th centile of peak flow rate of uroflowmetry by Liverpool nomogram, 20.2% by ...
Dyson Alex - - 2012
A fall in tissue oxygen tension (tPO(2)) is an early indicator of organ hypoxia in both patients and animal models. We previously demonstrated the utility of bladder tPO(2) in various rodent shock models. As a prelude to clinical testing, we aimed to provide further validation of bladder tPO(2) monitoring in ...
Kumar B - - 2012
The sub-bandage pressure produced by any compression bandaging system is likely to vary during the physical activities taken by the patient. It is of significant importance to understand the variation of sub-bandage pressure during the exercise of calf muscle pump. The present paper aims to analyse the dominating factors and ...
Vírseda Miguel - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the test-retest repeatability of the urodynamic parameters commonly utilized in ambulatory urodynamics (AM) for patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD). METHODS: A test-retest repeatability study was performed on 64 consecutive patients with stable spinal cord injuries who underwent two AM studies 24 hr apart. RESULTS: The ...
Elliott Christopher S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of isovolumetric detrusor pressure (Piso) in men with postprostatectomy incontinence and compare the rates of detrusor underactivity using Piso versus other common measurements/surrogates of bladder strength. METHODS: We evaluated 62 men referred to our institution during a 3-year period for workup of postprostatectomy incontinence. During ...
Klein Ronald - - 2012
To describe the relationship of blood pressure (BP), antihypertensive medication use, and other factors to serial measurements of retinal arteriolar diameters over time in the Beaver Dam Eye Study. Retinal arteriolar diameter was measured by computer-assisted methods and summarized as central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) in 4573 persons aged 43 ...
Narain V S VS Department of Cardiology, CSM Medical University, Lucknow, India. - - 2012
Idiopathic aneurysmal dilatations of the right atrium are rare anomalies. We report one such case of a young man presenting with fatigue, abdominal distension, pedal oedema, unremarkable cardiac examination except for raised jugular venous pressure, an electrocardiogram showing normal sinus rhythm with right bundle-branch block, and an radiograph of the ...
Joller Daniel - - 2012
The study demonstrates that the minipig urethra is an appropriate animal model for in vitro experiments and therefore promising for long-term animal tests of artificial urinary sphincter systems in vivo. Freshly explanted porcine and minipig urethras were connected to a fluid reservoir that simulated the bladder pressure. This bladder pressure ...
Downing Andrea S - - 2012
Diversity is expected to increase the resilience of ecosystems. Nevertheless, highly diverse ecosystems have collapsed, as did Lake Victoria's ecosystem of cichlids or Caribbean coral reefs. We try to gain insight to this paradox, by analyzing a simple model of a diverse community where each competing species inflicts a small ...
Uvin Pieter P Laboratory of Experimental Urology, Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, - - 2012
The lower urinary tract (LUT) functions as a dynamic reservoir that is able to store urine and to efficiently expel it at a convenient time. While storing urine, however, the bladder is exposed for prolonged periods to waste products. By acting as a tight barrier, the epithelial lining of the ...
Conkin Johnny - - 2011
Some manufacturers of reduced oxygen (O2) breathing devices claim a comparable hypobaric hypoxia (HH) training experience by providing F1O2 < 0.209 at or near sea level pressure to match the ambient oxygen partial pressure (iso-PO2) of the target altitude. I conclude after a review of literature from investigators and manufacturers ...
Maizato Marina J S - - 2011
Freeze-drying of biological tissues allows for dry storage and gamma ray sterilization, which may improve their use as a medical prosthesis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rehydration characteristics and hydrodynamic performance of prosthetic valves before and after lyophilization. Two size 23 bovine pericardium aortic valve prostheses ...
Abdulhannan Peshang - - 2011
We report on a child with hypertension secondary to MCDK who underwent an elective retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy and is normotensive on follow up. We looked at the pathological correlation with respect to the hypertension caused by a non-functioning kidney.
Durrani Anisa M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (potential risk for cardiovascular diseases) is a major health problem in developed and developing countries affecting approximately one billion individuals worldwide. Many of the risk factors associated with development of hypertension are preventable. Early identification of children at risk for hypertension is important to prevent serious complications. The ...
Mazur L - - 2011
Aim:  To determine if children with spina bifida have a higher prevalence of hypertension than population-based controls. Methods:  Charts of all patients (n=123) seen in the Spina Bifida Clinic at Shriners Hospital in Houston, Texas were reviewed for age, gender, ethnicity, type and level of neural tube defect, height, weight, ...
Hayes Heather M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the joint association of fatness and physical activity on resting blood pressure in children. Subjects included 157 children (age 5.5-9.5 years). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA, min/day), body fatness, and resting blood pressure were measured. Four categories were created by cross tabulation of ...
Odetola Folafoluwa O - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To describe the beliefs and attitudes of U.S. neurosurgeons regarding the use of intracranial pressure monitors among comatose children with meningitis. DESIGN AND SETTING:: A questionnaire was administered by mail between March and July 2009, to a random sample of 500 adult neurosurgeons and to all 228 pediatric neurosurgeons ...
Simonetti Giacomo D - - 2011
Background- Hypertension is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Although accumulating evidence suggests tracking of blood pressure from childhood into adult life, there is little information regarding the relative contributions of genetic, prenatal, biological, behavioral, environmental, and social determinants to childhood blood pressure. Methods and Results- Blood pressure and ...
Siklar Zeynep - - 2011
The role of ACE gene insertion (I) or deletion (D) polymorphism on blood pressure phenotype is not clear in children. The aim of this work is to examine the association between hypertension and ACE I/D polymorphism, as well as the contribution of clinical and metabolic parameters on blood pressure. The ...
Januchowski-Hartley Fraser A - - 2011
Prey flight decisions in response to predation risk are increasingly being considered in conservation and management decisions in the terrestrial realm, but are rarely considered in marine systems. This field-based study investigated how the behavioral response of coral reef fish families varied along a gradient of subsistence fishing pressure in ...
Manopunya Satit - - 2010
Hypertension in children is the major risk for cardiovascular disease in adult. Limited data are available for hypertension in children in Southeast Asia. To determine the cause, treatment, and long-term outcome of hypertension in Thai Children, the authors retrospectively studied 62 patients (age <15 years) diagnosed with hypertension at Thammasat ...
Benedetto Umberto - - 2010
Patients with prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) continue to show some degrees of left ventricular hypertrophy after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis. The renin-angiotensin system plays a major role in promoting and sustaining hypertrophy. In a controlled, randomized study, we tested the hypothesis that the combination of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) ...
Kristensen Jens - - 2011
Background:  The effect of an α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) analogue (AP214) on experimentally endotoxin-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) was studied, because α-MSH in rodent models has shown promise in attenuating inflammatory response markers and associated organ damage in SIRS. SIRS is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Consequently, new ...
Cheng Guangmao - - 2010
Increased activity of Ser/Thr protein phosphatases types 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A) during maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy contributes to cardiac dysfunction and eventual failure, partly through effects on calcium metabolism. A second maladaptive feature of pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy that instead leads to heart failure by interfering with cardiac contraction and ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2011
The prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in human hypertension has been mostly documented in population-based samples and selected hypertensive cohorts. Rather scant data are available from clinical practice. Thus, we examined the prevalence of LVH in a large group of hypertensive patients referred by general practitioners to a routine ...
Akintunde A A - - 2010
Hypertension is an important cardiovascular risk factor worldwide. It is associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Both diastolic and systolic dysfunction may occur in hypertensive heart disease. The ventricles are structurally and functionally interdependent on each other. This was an echocardiographic study intended to describe the impact of left ventricular ...
Chirinos Julio A - - 2010
The mechanical load imposed by the systemic circulation to the left ventricle is an important determinant of normal and abnormal cardiovascular function. Left ventricular afterload is determined by complex time-varying phenomena, which affect pressure and flow patterns generated by the pumping ventricle. Left ventricular afterload is best described in terms ...
Chirinos Julio A - - 2010
The mechanical load imposed by the systemic circulation to the left ventricle is an important determinant of normal and abnormal cardiovascular function. Left ventricular afterload is determined by complex time-varying phenomena, which affect pressure and flow patterns generated by the pumping ventricle and cannot be expressed as a single numeric ...
Liu Ping - - 2011
This work investigated the effect of infusion of a self-made ultrasound contrast agent with long persistence (named ZHIFUXIAN) on rat right ventricular pressure and made a preliminary evaluation on the relative safety of the novel microbubbles. Normal saline, SonoVue and ZHIFUXIAN were injected through caudal vein at the total volume ...
Goldman Ernesto - - 2010
Inspiratory fall in arterial blood pressure (Pa) during airway obstruction was ascribed to ventricular interdependence, afterload, and transmission of intrathoracic pressure swings. We have shown this effect significantly reduced in the elderly, but the underlying reasons remain unclear. Here we compare the results of inspiratory loading in young and older ...
Liu Li L Cardiovascular Institute and Fu Wai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 167 Beilishi Road, Beijing, 100037, - - 2010
Cardiac hypertrophy is frequently caused by pressure overload (i.e., high blood pressure or hypertension) and can lead to heart failure. The major objective of the present study was to investigate the proteomic changes in response to the development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) induced by abdominal aortic banding (AB) and ...
Kupferman Juan C - - 2010
There is paucity of data on the regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensive children. This study assessed the effects of antihypertensive therapy on left ventricular mass in children with and without LVH. Medical records of hypertensive patients who had a baseline and follow-up echocardiogram (echo 1, echo 2) ...
Korkmaz Hasan H Department of Cardiology, Elazig Education and Research Hospital, ELAZI─×/Turkey. - - 2010
The objective of our study was to investigate whether the measurement of the resistive index (RI) after reactive hyperemia is a relevant method for the evaluation of the endothelial function. 54 hypertensive patients and 27 controls were prospectively enrolled for the study. In addition to the flow-mediated dilation (FMD), the ...
Triantafyllidi Helen - - 2010
Subclinical organ damage represents an intermediate stage in the continuum of vascular disease and a determinant of overall cardiovascular risk. We investigated the associations of pulse wave velocity (PWV), ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), and office pulse pressure (PP) with several target organ damages (TODs) in newly diagnosed and never-treated ...
McQuarrie Emily P - - 2011
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that the level of proteinuria would correlate with left ventricular mass, providing a potential link between elevated protein excretion, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and the increased mortality seen in patients with CKD. In order to do ...
Yared Aida - - 2010
The importance of measuring blood pressure routinely in children over 3 years, and in specific circumstances in younger children, is increasingly recognized. The incidence of pediatric hypertension is relatively high, its prevalence increasing, and high blood pressure tends to track into adulthood. Interpretation of a blood pressure measurement requires knowledge ...
Arodiwe E B - - 2010
Diastolic dysfunction is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) accounting for 40%-66% of cardiovascular complications. To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in adult Nigerians with CKD at presentation and to compare findings with those of hypertensive patients with normal renal function. Eighty-six ...
Horvath K A - - 2010
Evaluation of the function of heterotopic cardiac transplants has traditionally been accomplished by either manual palpation or serial biopsies. Both methods have drawbacks. Palpation can be difficult to differentiate a pulse from the graft versus a transmitted pulse from the native aorta. Serial biopsies, though accurate, require multiple laparotomies, leading ...
Shingu Yasushige - - 2010
Myocardial performance index (MPI), or Tei index, is a Doppler echocardiographic parameter defined as the sum of the isovolumic contraction and relaxation times divided by the ejection time. It is considered a reliable parameter for global left ventricular function. However, the interpretation of this index is not fully clear in ...
Favaretto Enrico - - 2010
We report a case of pulmonary edema experienced in a patient with severe left ventricular dysfunction without an obvious cause. Thus, we tested the hypothesis of a dynamic increase in the severity of (ischemic) mitral regurgitation. Right- and left-heart cardiac catheterization was performed before and after 2 minutes of maximal ...
Yamamoto Fumio - - 2010
Myocardial hypertrophy has been recognized to be an adaptive response to a variety of external stimuli (e.g., myocardial infarction, pressure overload, catecholamine treatment, endocrine disorders) that are involved in several subcellular factors that mediate signaling pathways, from external stimuli to nuclear protein synthesis. Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is one of ...
Simon Marc A - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pressure overload of the right ventricle results in right ventricular failure and death. Identifying right ventricular dysfunction at less severe stages, which would allow for more effective intervention, has been limited largely due to complex three-dimensional geometry, complex left ventricular/septum interactions, and lack of accepted approaches to ...
Osculati Giuseppe - - 2010
Left-to-right systolic ventricular interaction (i.e., the phenomenon by which the left ventricle contributes to most of the flow and to two-thirds of the pressure generated by the right ventricle) originates from transmission of systolic forces between the ventricles through the interventricular septum and from the mechanical effect of the common ...
Kompa Andrew R - - 2010
Urotensin II (UII) is a potential mediator in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease, and inhibition of its actions at the urotensin receptor (UT) has been shown to improve cardiac function and structural changes of the myocardium in a model of myocardial infarction. In this study we utilized a model of ...
Göktepe Serdar - - 2010
We present a novel computational model for maladaptive cardiac growth in which kinematic changes of the cardiac chambers are attributed to alterations in cytoskeletal architecture and in cellular morphology. We adopt the concept of finite volume growth characterized through the multiplicative decomposition of the deformation gradient into an elastic part ...
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