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Vyssoulis Gregory - - 2011
β-thalassemia trait (β-TT) is a common genetic disorder in Mediterranean countries, including Greece. Previous studies have shown the protective effect of β-TT against myocardial infarction. However, the ambulatory blood pressure (BP) profile of such patients has not yet been investigated. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to investigate ...
Kikuya Masahiro - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate how frequent ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) readings need to be obtained to reproduce the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and pulse pressure (PP) without loss of information. We compared concordance from full and reduced ABP recordings. We recorded 24-h ABP at 30-min ...
Park Yongsoon - - 2010
N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are known to have antihypertensive properties, but the association between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and the tissue content of n-3 PUFA remains controversial. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that the level of erythrocyte n-3 PUFA is inversely related with ...
Sharif Faisal - - 2010
Coronary pressure measurement has emerged as one of the most promising tool to assist interventional cardiologist to make accurate clinical decisions. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a simple way of reliably assessing the functional consequences of coronary atherosclerosis. The training in FFR is easy, and coronary pressure measurements can be ...
Giggey Paul P - - 2011
Administration of caffeine or caffeinated coffee in laboratory and ambulatory settings results in small to moderate acute increases in blood pressure (BP). However, habitual coffee intake has not been linked conclusively to long-term increases in basal BP, and findings are inconsistent by sex. This study examined longitudinal relations of habitual ...
Giordano Ugo - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring versus head-up tilt test in the evaluation of children with a history of syncope. We considered 146 consecutive children with more than one episode of syncope. All patients had a normal electrocardiogram at rest and ...
Hansen Tine W - - 2011
Numerous studies addressed the predictive value of the nighttime blood pressure (BP) as captured by ambulatory monitoring. However, arbitrary cutoff limits in dichotomized analyses of continuous variables, data dredging across selected subgroups, extrapolation of cross-sectional studies to prospective outcomes, and lack of comprehensive adjustments for confounders make interpretation of the ...
Farhan Hatem - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) measurements taken in a physician's clinic do not represent readings throughout the day. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) overcomes this problem by providing multiple readings with minimal interference with the patient's daily activities. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the value of ABPM in risk ...
Manios Efstathios - - 2011
Recent studies have reported that prehypertension is associated with increased values of common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of daytime ambulatory blood pressure (BP) levels on the association of prehypertension with CCA intima-media thickening in prehypertensive subjects. A total of ...
Kolli Kranthi K - - 2011
A limitation in the use of invasive coronary diagnostic indexes is that fluctuations in hemodynamic factors such as heart rate (HR), blood pressure, and contractility may alter resting or hyperemic flow measurements and may introduce uncertainties in the interpretation of these indexes. In this study, we focused on the effect ...
- - 2010
Ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) consists of wearing a portable device connected to an armband that automatically measures blood pressure at regular intervals. What advantages does ambulatory blood pressure monitoring provide over measurement in the doctor's office, and what are the risks? To answer these questions, we reviewed the literature ...
Gregoski Mathew J - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of breathing awareness meditation (BAM), Botvin LifeSkills Training (LST), and health education control (HEC) on ambulatory blood pressure and sodium excretion in African American adolescents. Following 3 consecutive days of systolic blood pressure (SBP) screenings, 166 eligible participants (i.e., SBP >50th-95th percentile) were randomized by school ...
Aburawi Elhadi H - - 2011
The aim was to investigate the effects of volume and pressure overload and increased coronary perfusion pressure on coronary flow (CF) in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients. The effects of CHD on CF are poorly mapped. A total of 65 patients with acyanotic CHD and 49 age-matched healthy controls were ...
Kim H J - - 2010
Coronary flow is different from the flow in other parts of the arterial system because it is influenced by the contraction and relaxation of the heart. To model coronary flow realistically, the compressive force of the heart acting on the coronary vessels needs to be included. In this study, we ...
Himmel Herbert M - - 2010
BAY-79 is an inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases with high selectivity versus other kinases. Species scaling, complicated by nonlinear pharmacokinetics, predicted a C(max.u) of 36-178nmol/L at the human efficacious exposure. Preclinical cardiovascular safety pharmacology studies assessed currents (hERG, I(Na)), action potential (AP, rabbit Purkinje fiber), hemodynamic/ECG parameters (anesthetized Beagle dogs, ...
Raja Yogesh - - 2010
Undilatable coronary lesions, due to coronary calcification, are encountered with increasing frequency. Percutaneous intervention of such lesions comes with the risk of stent underexpansion, which increases the risk of stent thrombosis and restenosis. A variety of techniques and devices are available to assist the interventionist in the treatment of calcified ...
Mamas Mamas A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between resting distal coronary pressure to aortic pressure ratio (Pd/Pa) and fractional flow reserve (FFR) obtained during maximal hyperemia. BACKGROUND: FFR is an invasive index of the functional severity of a coronary artery stenosis determined from coronary pressure measurements. It is generally believed that there ...
Ferreira Marcia Martins - - 2010
Overt hypothyroidism is associated with elevation of diastolic blood pressure; however the association of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) with arterial blood pressure (ABP) alteration is unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), over 24 hours, in normotensive patients with SH in comparison to ...
Larsen Alf Inge - - 2010
Patients with pulseless electrical activity or refractory ventricular fibrillation have a very bad prognosis. Coronary angiography and angioplasty may be required to restore an effective circulation, but this must be performed whilst chest compressions are continued. The LUCAS chest compression device is suitable for this purpose. So far there are ...
Tanriverdi Halil - - 2010
Coronary slow flow (CSF) phenomenon is characterized by delayed opacification of coronary vessels in a normal coronary angiogram. Although clinical and pathological features have been previously described, the underlying pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we aimed to evaluate central aortic pressure, aortic stiffness and left ventricular ...
Mourad J-J - - 2010
Pulse pressure (PP) is an independent predictor of myocardial infarction, mainly above 50 years of age. In subjects with preserved ejection fraction (EF), aortic PP predicts the severity of coronary atherosclerosis. Comparable findings in subjects with reduced EF have not been evaluated. In 1337 subjects with severe coronary ischaemic disease, ...
Tzamouranis Dimitris G - - 2010
There is evidence that in cirrhotic patients, certain hemodynamic parameters, such as blood pressure and heart rate, are related to the severity of liver disease. This study investigated whether non-invasive 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate are more closely associated with markers of liver disease severity than conventional office ...
Algranati Dotan - - 2010
The mechanisms by which the contracting myocardium exerts extravascular forces (intramyocardial pressure, IMP) on coronary blood vessels and by which it affects the coronary flow remain incompletely understood. Several myocardium-vessel interaction (MVI) mechanisms have been proposed, but none can account for all the major flow features. In the present study, ...
Messerli Franz H - - 2009
The topic of the J-curve relationship between blood pressure and coronary artery disease (CAD) has been the subject of much controversy for the past decades. An inverse relationship between diastolic pressure and adverse cardiac ischemic events (i.e., the lower the diastolic pressure the greater the risk of coronary heart disease ...
Escaned Javier - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intracoronary physiology techniques have been validated extensively for the assessment of epicardial stenoses but not for the lone study of coronary microcirculation. We performed a comparison between 4 intracoronary physiological indices with the actual structural microcirculatory changes documented in transplanted hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 17 cardiac allograft patients ...
Banerjee Rupak K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Simultaneously measured pressure and flow distal to coronary stenoses can be combined, in conjunction with anatomical measurements, to assess the status of both the epicardial and microvascular circulations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Assessments of coronary hemodynamics were performed using fundamental fluid dynamics principles. We hypothesized that the pressure-drop coefficient (CDPe; ...
Banerjee Indroneal - - 2009
The formation and the patterning of the coronary vasculature are critical to the development and pathology of the heart. Alterations in cytokine signaling and biomechanical load can alter the vascular distribution of the vessels within the heart. Changes in the physical patterning of the vasculature can have significant impacts on ...
Díaz-Juárez J A - - 2009
Citrus paradisi (grapefruit) consumption is considered as beneficial and it is popularly used for the treatment of a vast array of diseases, including hypertension. In the present study, the coronary vasodilator and hypotensive effects of Citrus paradisi peel extract were assessed in the Langendorff isolated and perfused heart model and ...
Stoel Martin - - 2009
AIMS: Coronary angiography is widely used to estimate coronary blood flow velocity, as in the TIMI frame count method. However, it is unknown to what extent the injection of dye elevates intracoronary pressure which may accelerate coronary blood flow velocity. In the present study, intracoronary pressure was measured during coronary ...
Chen K-Y - - 2010
Both hypertension and coronary artery spasm (CAS) are associated with endothelial dysfunction. Thus, a higher incidence of CAS is expected in hypertensive patients. We evaluated the impact of hypertension on CAS with intracoronary acetylcholine (ACh) provocation test. A total of 986 patients (685 hypertensive patients vs 301 normotensive patients) who ...
Halon David A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Identification of high risk sub-groups for early initiation of preventive medical therapy requires widespread population screening using simple, inexpensive tests. High pulse pressure has been shown to predict adverse coronary events. We examined if this correlation was related to a greater coronary plaque burden in patients with high pulse ...
Cuisset Thomas - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intracoronary thermography has been proposed to detect vulnerable plaques. We hypothesized that changes in coronary pressure and flow in the coronary tree may interfere with the temperature measurements obtained with thermistors. METHODS AND RESULTS: First, a very close correlation was found in vitro between the temperature measured by a ...
Momen Afsana - - 2009
Animal reports suggest that reflex activation of cardiac sympathetic nerves can evoke coronary vasoconstriction. Conversely, physiological stress may induce coronary vasodilation to meet an increased metabolic demand. Whether the sympathetic nervous system can modulate coronary vasomotor tone in response to stress in humans is unclear. Coronary blood velocity (CBV), an ...
Zhang Ping P Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Health Sciences Center, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2009
Increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by the failing heart can react with nitric oxide (NO), thereby decreasing NO bioavailability. This study tested the hypothesis that increased ROS generation contributes to coronary endothelial dysfunction in the failing heart. Congestive heart failure (CHF) was produced in six dogs by ventricular pacing ...
Park Ji Young - - 2010
In anomalous right coronary artery (RCA), extravascular coronary compression results in dynamic obstruction which can cause effort angina as well as syncope. Measurement of dynamic intracoronary pressure gradient (DeltaP) change across the lesion using dobutamine challenge with rapid atrial pacing (RAP) can be used for assessment of dynamic obstruction in ...
Lynch Joseph J - - 2009
Conscious coronary sinus-cannulated dogs were used to assess the hemodynamic effects and local cardiac norepinephrine (NE) and histamine (HA) release of 4 mechanistically diverse agents either clinically approved or representing a potential novel mechanism for the promotion of wakefulness or attention. Dosing regimens were based on reported or concurrently determined ...
Dabrowski Wojciech - - 2009
Abdominal perfusion pressure (APP) is defined as the difference between the mean arterial pressure and the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP). IAP elevation results in various side effects, including a decrease in coronary arterial perfusion pressure (CoPP). The present study analyzed the relationship between APP and CoPP in patients undergoing extracorporeal circulation ...
Kolyva Christina - - 2008
The effect of alpha1-receptor blockade with urapidil on coronary blood flow and left ventricular function has been attributed to relief of diffuse coronary vasoconstriction following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We hypothesized that an increase in diastolic time fraction (DTF) contributes to the beneficial action of urapidil. In eleven patients with ...
Agabiti-Rosei Enrico - - 2008
Chronic hypertension and diabetes produce both macrovascular and microvascular pathophysiological changes. Greater arterial stiffness increases central systolic and pulse pressure, which raises left ventricular afterload and reduces coronary perfusion. Resistance arteries remodelling and capillary rarefaction increase peripheral resistance, thereby contributing to hypertension and amplifying the detrimental haemodynamic effects of arterial ...
Reichelt Melissa E - - 2009
The Langendorff mouse heart model is widely employed in studies of myocardial function and responses to injury (e.g. ischaemia). Nonetheless, marked variability exists in its preparation and functional properties. We examined the impact of early growth (8, 16, 20 and 24 weeks), sex, perfusion fluid [Ca(2+)] and pacing rate on ...
Schindler Thomas H - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), coronary artery calcification (CAC), and myocardial blood flow (MBF) at rest and during vasomotor stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: In 68 individuals, carotid IMT was measured using high-resolution vascular ultrasound, while the presence of CAC was determined ...
Yildiz Ali - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between elasticity indexes of aorta and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with stable CAD. METHODS: Fifty-six patients with CAD (CAD group) and 40 patients without CAD [non CAD (NCAD group)] were included in the study. Ascending aorta (Ao) diameters (mm) and Ao ...
Pletcher Mark J - - 2008
High blood pressure in middle age is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the consequences of low-level elevations during young adulthood are unknown. To measure the association between prehypertension exposure before age 35 years and coronary calcium later in life. Prospective cohort study. Four communities in the United ...
Skyschally Andreas - - 2008
AIMS: We addressed calcium responsiveness in microembolized myocardium at 6 h after coronary microembolization (ME). METHODS AND RESULTS: In anesthetized pigs calcium responsiveness was determined as the increase of a myocardial work index (WI; LV pressure development vs. wall thickening) in response to a graded intracoronary infusion of CaCl(2) at ...
Jameel Mohammad N - - 2008
The heterogeneity across the left ventricular wall is characterized by higher rates of oxygen consumption, systolic thickening fraction, myocardial perfusion, and lower energetic state in the subendocardial layers (ENDO). During dobutamine stimulation-induced demand ischemia, the transmural distribution of energy demand and metabolic markers of ischemia are not known. In this ...
Ahmari Saeed A L - - 2008
Traditional cardiovascular risk factors have been shown to cause microvascular dysfunction. Most studies that have evaluated microcirculation rely on invasive measurement tools. We used dobutamine stress echocardiography, a validated method to measure coronary flow velocity (CFV) and coronary flow reserve (CFR), in a previously unstudied population without known significant coronary ...
Tayyareci Yelda - - 2008
This study investigated the effects of intracoronary autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BMC) transplantation on coronary microcirculation. Fifteen patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy were treated by intracoronary infusion of BMCs via the patent infarct-related artery. The thermodilution-derived coronary flow reserve, index of microvascular resistance, pressure-derived collateral flow index, and coronary wedge ...
Tverskaya M S - - 2008
Comparative study of pathomorphology of myocardial circulation under conditions of increased afterload of the left or right ventricles showed similar changes. All compartments of the coronary bed were plethoric, capillary blood stasis and perivascular edema, more pronounced in arterial vessels, were detected in both cases. These changes equally involved both ...
McGeoch Ross J RJ Department of Cardiology, Western Infirmary, Glasgow, United Kingdom. - - 2008
The coronary pressure wire is used for physiological assessment of the coronary vasculature increasingly frequently in clinical practice. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) can now be used to assess lesion severity in a variety of anatomical situations. Increasingly, the coronary pressure wire is being used to interrogate the coronary microvasculature. Coronary ...
Leithäuser B - - 2008
Xantinole nicotinic acid (NA) dose dependently lowers plasma levels of atherogenic lipoproteins and increases blood flow through vasodilation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of NA on cutaneous microcirculation in patients with coronary artery disease and hyperlipidemia. In this open pilot study, five men and three ...
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