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Hu S X SX Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623, - - 2014
Polystyrene (CH) is often chosen as the ablator material for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) targets. Its static, dynamical, and optical properties in warm, dense conditions (due to shock compression) are important for ICF designs. Using the first-principles quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) method, we have investigated the equation of state (EOS) ...
Huang Runze R Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716-2150, - - 2014
Due to the increasing concern of viral infection related to berries, this study investigated strategies to enhance high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) inactivation of murine norovirus 1 (MNV-1), a human norovirus (HuNoV) surrogate, on strawberries and in strawberry puree. Strawberry puree was inoculated with ~10(6)PFU/g of MNV-1 and treated at 350MPa ...
Cao Kevin - - 2014
A new method was developed to measure the rheology of extrudable ceramic pastes using a HamiltonTM MicroLab Star liquid handler. The Hamilton instrument, normally used for high throughput liquid processing, was expanded to function as a low pressure capillary rheometer. Diluted ceramic pastes were forced through the modified pipettes which ...
Kamarei Fahimeh F Department of Chemistry, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-1600, - - 2014
The implementation of the traditional FA method is difficult with classical supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) instruments. The instrument mixer and other sources of extra-column volumes are large and significantly broaden the fronts of injected plugs, which diminishes the precision and accuracy of the FA method. An SFC instrument was modified ...
Cezo James D - - 2013
Tissue fusion is a growing area of medical research that enables mechanical closure of tissues without the need of foreign bodies such as sutures or staples. Utilizing heat and pressure applied for a specified time, a bond can be formed between adjacent tissues. The success or failure of tissue fusion ...
Mukai Yoshihiro - - 2013
Object This randomized study was designed to elucidate the time course of the perioperative development of intramuscular multifidus muscle pressure after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and to investigate whether the route of pedicle screw insertion affects this pressure and resultant low-back pain. Although several studies have focused on intramuscular ...
Peham C C Movement Science Group Vienna, Department of Small Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pressure distribution under three different types of harnesses used for guide dogs (designated H1, H2 and H3). The dogs (n=8) led a trainer through a course including a range of exercises (straight line, curve left, curve right, upstairs and downstairs). All ...
Fujita Yuki - - 2013
Abstract Context: Although there is a positive relationship between height and blood pressure (BP) levels in children, there are no reports regarding the association between height and BP levels in adolescents and adults. Objective: This study examined whether there is an association between height and BP levels in Japanese adolescents. ...
Cochard Hervé - - 2013
Xylem cavitation resistance has profound implications for plant physiology and ecology. This process is characterized by a 'vulnerability curve' (VC) showing the variation of the percentage of cavitation as a function of xylem pressure potential. The shape of this VC varies from 'sigmoidal' to 'exponential'. This review provides a panorama ...
Wang Ying - - 2013
We propose and demonstrate a pressure sensor based on a micro air bubble at the end facet of a single mode fiber fusion spliced with a silica tube. When immersed into the liquid such as water, the air bubble essentially acts as a Fabry-Pérot interferometer cavity. Such a cavity can ...
Fiflis P - - 2013
With lithium as a fusion material gaining popularity, a method for producing lithium pellets relatively quickly has been developed for NSTX. The Lithium Pellet Production device is based on an injector with a sub-millimeter diameter orifice and relies on a jet of liquid lithium breaking apart into small spheres via ...
Singh Rajani - - 2013
Fusion of sagittal suture in adult skulls otherwise normal is a new anatomical variant having limited clinical significance and has not been reported so far as far as known to the author. Therefore, the study has been carried out. An adult female skull with complete fusion of sagittal suture was ...
Høyer Christian - - 2013
Aim. Mercury-in-silastic strain gauge pletysmography (SGP) is a well-established technique for blood flow and blood pressure measurements. The aim of this study was to examine (i) the possible influence of clinical clues, e.g. the presence of wounds and color changes during blood pressure measurements, and (ii) intra- and inter-observer variation ...
Boates Brian - - 2013
The phase diagrams of MgSiO_{3} and MgO are studied from first-principles theory for pressures and temperatures up to 600 GPa and 20 000 K. Through the evaluation of finite-temperature Gibbs free energies, using density-functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation as well as with hybrid exchange-correlation functionals, we find evidence for a vast ...
Dahl Michael C - - 2013
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Degenerative disc disease is commonly a multilevel pathology with varying deterioration severity. The use of fusion on multiple levels can significantly affect functionality and has been linked to persistent adjacent disc degeneration. A hybrid approach of fusion and nucleus replacement (NR) has been suggested as a solution for ...
Balaban Dahlia Y - - 2013
Animals native to hypoxic environments have adapted by increasing their haemoglobin oxygen affinity, but in-vitro studies of the oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve (ODC) in humans show no changes in affinity under physiological conditions at altitudes up to 4000m. We conducted the first in-vivo measurement of the ODC; inducing progressive isocapnic hypoxia ...
Zhou Z Y - - 2013
We report a home-made combustion apparatus for study of pressure-dependent laminar premixed flames with tunable vacuum ultraviolet photoionization mass spectrometry. The instrument consists of a flame chamber, a photoionization chamber with a single-stage sampling system, an ion transfer∕storage system, and an orthogonal-acceleration reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer. Preliminary results of fuel-rich ...
Paul Akshoy Ranjan - - 2013
The flow control in twin air-intakes is necessary to improve the performance characteristics, since the flow traveling through curved and diffused paths becomes complex, especially after merging. The paper presents a comparison between two well-known techniques of flow control: active and passive. It presents an effective design of a vortex ...
Symeonidis Panagiotis D - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Study of the influence of thoracolumbar spinal surgery through a posterior approach to the intercompartmental pressure of the paraspinal muscles. OBJECTIVE:: To create waveforms according to the pressure variations up to 24 hours postoperatively and relate these measurements to independent parameters. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: The existence of ...
Kemmoku Taro - - 2012
Background:Most posture problems encountered in persons who use wheelchairs in a seated posture for extended periods are related to sacral sitting due to posterior pelvic tilt. Posterior pelvic tilt places pressure and shearing force on the sacrococcygeal area that can lead to pressure ulcers, but the relationship between pelvic tilt ...
Tobin M F - - 2012
Vulnerability to cavitation curves describe the decrease in xylem hydraulic conductivity as xylem pressure declines. Several techniques for constructing vulnerability curves use centrifugal force to induce negative xylem pressure in stem or root segments. Centrifuge vulnerability curves constructed for long-vesselled species have been hypothesised to overestimate xylem vulnerability to cavitation ...
Martínez-Lage Juan F - - 2012
The authors illustrate the cases of two children with headaches, one diagnosed with Chiari type 1 malformation and the other with hydrocephalus, who played wind instruments. Both patients manifested that their headaches worsened with the efforts made during playing their musical instruments. We briefly comment on the probable role played ...
Gao Mingwu - - 2012
Pulse transit time (PTT) often shows strong correlation with blood pressure (BP) and may therefore represent a means for achieving continuous, non-invasive, and cuff-less BP monitoring. However, construction of the subject-specific curve needed to calibrate PTT to BP conventionally requires simultaneous measurements of PTT and BP during an experimental perturbation ...
Ci Zhijia - - 2012
The current understanding of the global mercury (Hg) cycle remains uncertain because Hg behavior in the environment is very complicated. The special property of Hg causes the atmosphere to be the most important medium for worldwide dispersion and transformation. The source and fate of atmospheric Hg and its interaction with ...
Goodrich Jaclyn M JM Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2013
Methylmercury-associated effects on the cardiovascular system have been documented though discrepancies exist, and most studied populations experience elevated methylmercury exposures. No paper has investigated the impact of low-level elemental (inorganic) mercury exposure on cardiovascular risk in humans. The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of the association between ...
Al Jabbari Youssef S - - 2012
This study determined the effect of grit size and application pressure on alumina fragment retention after sandblasting in representative dental alloys. Plastic rectangular patterns (25×3×0.6 mm, n=240) were divided equally into four groups and cast with Au-Pt, Ni-Cr, Co-Cr alloys and grade-II cp-Ti. The specimens from each alloy were then ...
Schuetze Jan - - 2012
Calcium based scrubbers designed to absorb HCl and SO2 from flue gases can also remove oxidized mercury. Dissolved mercury halides may have an appreciable partial vapor pressure. Chemical reduction of the dissolved mercury may increase the Hg-emission, thereby limiting the co-removal of mercury in the wet scrubbing process. This paper ...
Goma Hala Mostafa - - 2012
scoliosis correction surgery is common in children, and adolescents. Deliberate hypotension is indicated in scoliosis correction procedures, because bloodless field is needed for exposure of the nerve roots, and to decrease the need for blood transfusion. Protection of the kidneys during deliberate hypotension is essential. The ideal hypotensive drug maintains ...
Zhu Yingjia - - 2012
To evaluate the potential of Hg release and co-transport by colloids, it is important to understand how Hg, colloids and Hg-loaded colloids migrate in soils. Hg sorption by kaolinite and sand were nonlinear and fit the Langmuir model, with the maximum Hg sorption capacity being 1.2mg/g kaolinite and 0.11mg/g sand. ...
Senanayake Gamarallage V K - - 2011
BackgroundOur previous studies have shown that broccoli sprouts high in the glucosinolate glucoraphanin decreases renal and vascular oxidative stress and inflammation as well as blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone (SHRSP) rats. The objective of this study was to determine whether the metabolite of glucoraphanin, sulforaphane, was responsible for this ...
de Rooij Susanne R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are the key regulators of the biological stress response and act by binding to glucocorticoid receptors (GR). Expression of GR is altered by DNA methylation. Methylation patterns in GR promoters have been shown to be highly variable between individuals, but little is known about the functional consequences of ...
Farnazo Danvir Mark C - - 2011
Biodegradations of methyl ethyl ketone and methyl isobutyl ketone were performed in intermittent biotrickling filter beds (ITBF) operated at two different trickling periods: 12 h/day (ITBF-12) and 30 min/day (ITBF-0.5). Ralstonia sp. MG1 was able to degrade both ketones as evidenced by growth kinetic experiments. Results show that trickling period is an ...
Monclús Raquel - - 2011
When the maternal environment is a good predictor of the offspring environment, maternal glucocorticoid (GC) levels might serve to pre-program offspring to express certain phenotypes or life-history characteristics that will increase their fitness. We conducted a field study to assess the effects of naturally occurring maternal GC levels on their ...
Chi Htun Nay - - 2011
BackgroundPrevious studies of a functional variant of the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) gene, Val158Met, have provided inconsistent results with regard to blood pressure or hypertension. We examined the effect of this variant, the considering environmental factors of daily salt and energy intakes.MethodsA total of 735 Japanese men (mean age, 47 years) ...
Baduni Neha N Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, - - 2011
A 25 year old, 68 kg, primigravida, was taken up for emergency caesarean section for meconium stained liquor and fetal distress. She was a known case of pre eclampsia and her blood pressure was controlled on tab methyl dopa. she was administered general anaesthesia. after delivery of baby she went ...
Sanbonmatsu David M - - 2011
Relationships have been linked to significant physical health outcomes. However, little is known about the more specific processes that might be responsible for such links. The main aim of this study was to examine a previously unexplored and potentially important form of partner knowledge (i.e., attitude familiarity) on relationship processes ...
Cocozza Sergio - - 2011
DNA methylation at CpG islands (CGIs) is one of the most intensively studied epigenetic mechanisms. It is fundamental for cellular differentiation and control of transcriptional potential. DNA methylation is involved also in several processes that are central to evolutionary biology, including phenotypic plasticity and evolvability. In this study, we explored ...
Hravnak Marilyn - - 2011
Cardiorespiratory instability may be undetected in monitored step-down unit patients. We explored whether using an integrated monitoring system that continuously amalgamates single noninvasive monitoring parameters (heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and peripheral oxygen saturation) into AN instability index value (INDEX) correlated with our single-parameter cardiorespiratory instability concern criteria, and ...
Karpettas Nikos - - 2010
There is an increasing interest in pediatric hypertension, the prevalence of which is rising in parallel with the obesity epidemic. Traditionally the assessment of hypertension in children has relied on office blood pressure (BP) measurements by the physician. However, as in adults, office BP might be misleading in children mainly ...
Varis Juha - - 2010
Effective antihypertensive care is not possible without regular and reliable blood pressure measurements. The use of blood pressure home measurement has increased a lot during the last years. Various methods have been used in communication between the patients and physicians. In a randomized study we compared traditional office-based hypertension treatment ...
DeCubellis Julie - - 2010
Direct blood pressure monitoring is the most accurate cardiovascular monitoring technique, but it is challenging in small mammals, as well as time-consuming and costly. Therefore, indirect blood pressure monitoring is most commonly used in clinic and laboratory settings. This column discusses indirect blood pressure monitoring in small mammals.
Dohadwala Mustali M - - 2010
Consumption of flavonoid-containing foods may be useful for the management of hypertension. We investigated whether 100% Concord grape juice lowers blood pressure in patients with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension. We conducted a double-blind crossover study to compare the effects of grape juice (7 mL · kg⁻¹ · d⁻¹) and ...
Stergiou George S - - 2011
It is recognized that for the reliable assessment of blood pressure (BP) and the accurate diagnosis of hypertension, out-of-office BP measurement with ambulatory (ABPM) or home BP monitoring (HBPM) is often required. The clinical usefulness of ABPM is well established. However, despite the wide use of HBPM, only in the ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2011
We did a prospective study to investigate whether clinic heart rate (HR) and 24-h ambulatory HR were independent predictors of subsequent increase in body weight (BW) in young subjects screened for stage 1 hypertension. The study was conducted in 1,008 subjects from the Hypertension and Ambulatory Recording Venetia Study (HARVEST) ...
Warren Roderick E - - 2010
The diagnosis of hypertension is difficult when faced with several different blood pressure measurements in an individual. Using the average of several office measurements is recommended, although considerable uncertainty remains. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory monitoring is often considered the gold standard, but self-monitoring of blood pressure has been proposed as a superior ...
Nishiyama Tomoki - - 2010
Recent advance in technology has developed a lot of new aspects of clinical monitoring. We can monitor sedation levels during anesthesia using various electroencephalographic (EEG) indices, while it is still not useful for anesthesia depth monitoring. Some attempts are made to monitor the changes in sympathetic nerve activity as one ...
Viera Anthony J - - 2010
We examined short-term reproducibility of masked hypertension (MH) among adults with recent "borderline" office blood pressure (BP) and compared agreement of ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) and home BP monitoring (HBPM) in detecting MH. Fifty participants underwent repeated office BP measurements, 24-h ABPM, and HBPM sessions 1-week apart. Participants with office ...
Leiblein J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the 1.5 million blood pressure monitors sold annually in Germany only 24 % of treated hypertensives reach the goal blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg. This indicates that the care for hypertensive patients needs to be improved. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: In 1993 277 and in 2007 ...
Pikilidou Maria I - - 2010
The aim of this study is to assess the effect of hospital admission on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) in hypertensive subjects. Treated or untreated hypertensive adults with open-angle glaucoma underwent inpatient and outpatient 24-h ABP monitoring in a random order 4 weeks apart. Awake ambulatory hours, awake in-bed hours ...
Mukkamala Ramakrishna - - 2010
Blood pressure waveform analysis may permit continuous (i.e., automated) and less invasive (i.e., safer and simpler) central hemodynamic monitoring in the intensive care unit and other clinical settings without requiring any instrumentation beyond what is already in use or available. This practical approach has been a topic of intense investigation ...
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