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Results 201 - 250 of 913
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Lindstedt Sandra - - 2011
Higher closure rates of the open abdomen have been reported with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) than with other wound management techniques. However, the method has occasionally been associated with increased development of fistulae. We have previously shown that NPWT induces ischemia in the underlying small intestines close to the ...
Lindstedt Sandra - - 2011
There are increasing reports of deaths and serious complications associated with the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), of which right ventricular heart rupture is the most devastating. The use of a rigid barrier has been suggested to offer protection against this lethal complication by preventing the heart from ...
Malmsjö Malin - - 2011
Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has remarkable effects on the healing of poststernotomy mediastinitis. Foam is presently the material of choice for NPWT in this indication. There is now increasing interest in using gauze, as this has proven successful in the treatment of peripheral wounds. It is important to determine ...
Garvin Jeffrey L JL Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA. - - 2011
NaCl absorption along the nephron is regulated not just by humoral factors but also by factors that do not circulate or act on the cells where they are produced. Generally, nitric oxide (NO) inhibits NaCl absorption along the nephron. However, the effects of NO in the proximal tubule are controversial ...
Orgill Dennis P DP Division of Plastic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2011
Over the last 15 years, negative-pressure wound therapy has become commonly used for treatment of a wide variety of complex wounds. There are now several systems marketed, and additional products will be available in the near future. Many clinicians have noted a dramatic response when negative-pressure wound therapy technology has ...
Malmsjö Malin - - 2010
The study was performed to compare the effects of negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) using gauze and foam on wound edge movement and the macroscopic appearance of the heart and lungs after NPWT. Sternotomy wounds were created in 6 kg pigs. Negative pressures of -40, -70, -120 and -160 mmHg were ...
Atkins Broadus Zane - - 2011
Negative pressure therapy has been successfully applied to clean, closed incisions in patients at high-risk for wound complications. Using laser Doppler flowmetry, we evaluated peristernal perfusion after cardiac surgery via median sternotomy, assessing the influence of mammary artery harvesting and the impact of negative pressure therapy. Twenty adult patients underwent ...
Murakami Masahiro - - 2010
A sacral pressure ulcer developed in a patient hospitalized for cerebral infarction. Each time necrotic tissue was debrided from the ulcer, pressure hemostasis was necessary to stop the bleeding. As treatment continued, the pressure required to stop the bleeding caused the ulcer to worsen, leading to a downward spiral in ...
Orkin Bruce A - - 2010
Assessment of anal sphincter tone is a critical part of anorectal examination, yet no standardized, quantifiable method for describing anal sphincter tone on digital rectal examination exists. We developed a novel scoring system for anal sphincter tone using a scale of 0 to 5 for both resting pressure and squeeze ...
Nakagami G - - 2010
To investigate whether thermography can be used to detect latent inflammation in pressure ulcers and predict pressure ulcer prognosis in a clinical setting. For this cohort study, we recruited 35 patients with stage II-IV pressure ulcers on the torso, who underwent thermographic assessment on discovery of their pressure ulcer. The ...
Xie X - - 2010
To estimate the efficacy of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), on the basis of a systematic review of reported randomised controlled trials (RCTs). A systematic literature search for relevant RCTs was carried out. The credibility of the outcome of each study was evaluated using a specially constructed instrument. We identified ...
Bune Laurids T - - 2010
Nucleotides, including ADP, ATP and uridine triphosphate (UTP), are discharged profusely in the circulation during many pathological conditions including sepsis. Sepsis can cause hypotension and systemic activation of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems in humans, which may cause disseminated intravascular coagulation. We investigated whether nucleotide-induced cardiovascular collapse as provoked by ...
Nthumba Peter M - - 2010
Due to improved care, more and more children born with spina bifida in rural Kenya are surviving into adulthood. This improved survival has led to significant challenges in their lifestyles, especially the need to ensure pressure ulcer prevention and treatment. Malignant degeneration of pressure ulcers in spina bifida patients is ...
Chen F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A method to compensate for the donor shortage may be the utilization of donation after cardiac death. The control of lung injury against warm ischemia is crucial in manipulating donors after cardiac death. Nebulization is a simple and feasible drug delivery route after cardiac death. Herein we have examined ...
O'Donnell J Michael - - 2008
Adenoviral gene transfer of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA)2a to the hypertrophic heart in vivo has been consistently reported to lead to enhanced myocardial contractility. It is unknown if the faster skeletal muscle isoform, SERCA1, expressed in the whole heart in early failure, leads to similar improvements and whether metabolic requirements ...
Jenni Simone D - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to establish a protocol for measuring myocardial blood flow (MBF) by PET/CT in healthy cats. The rationale was its future use in Maine Coon cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) as a model for human HCM. METHODS: MBF was measured in nine anaesthetized healthy ...
Fang Wei - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the biodistribution and blood clearance characteristics of 99mTcN-15C5 and its potential as a myocardial perfusion radiotracer. METHODS: Five normal mongrel dogs were injected with 99mTcN-15C5 intravenously. Blood samples were collected at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15, and 30 min postinjection ...
Lim Choon Hak - - 2008
In a previous study, we reported that inotropic agents affect the hemodynamic energy, which can be measured using the energy equivalent pressure (EEP) and surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE). However, there has been no study about the effect of vasopressors and vasodilators on EEP and SHE. Thus, we investigated the change ...
Reigada D D Department of Physiology, University of Pennsylvania, 3700 Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6085, - - 2008
Increased hydrostatic pressure can damage neurons, although the mechanisms linking pressure to neurochemical imbalance or cell injury are not fully established. Throughout the body, mechanical perturbations such as shear stress, cell stretching, or changes in pressure can lead to excessive release of ATP. It is thus possible that increased pressure ...
Jawien J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Smooth muscle cells (SMC) constitute the major contractile cell population of blood vessels and inner organs. SMC contraction depends on energy provided by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) catabolism, which can be generated through oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria or by anaerobic glycolysis. Mitochondrial activity may also modulate smooth muscle tone by ...
Dawe G S - - 2008
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a naturally occurring gas that may act as an endogenous signaling molecule. In the brain, H2S is mainly produced by cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) and its cellular effects have been attributed to interactions with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP). In contrast, direct vasodilator actions ...
Pinz Ilka - - 2008
Overexpression of calcineurin (CLN) in the mouse heart induces severe hypertrophy that progresses to heart failure, providing an opportunity to define the relationship between energetics and contractile performance in the severely failing mouse heart. Contractile performance was studied in isolated hearts at different pacing frequencies and during dobutamine challenge. Energetics ...
Martini Wenjun Z - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Uncontrolled bleeding from coagulopathy signals imminent death in severely injured patients. Acidosis is an important predictor of coagulopathy, but the underlying contributing mechanisms are unclear. This study was designed to investigate the effects of acidosis on fibrinogen metabolism and coagulation function in a swine model. METHODS: Twelve pigs were ...
Higuchi Takahiro - - 2007
AIMS: To noninvasively investigate the effects of the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) Valsartan. on myocardial microcirculation in moderately hypertensive patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: In this prospective open-label study, patients with mild stable CAD and moderate systolic and/or diastolic hypertension were treated with 160 mg ...
Lim Choon Hak - - 2007
The generation of pulsatile flow depends on the hemodynamic energy gradient rather than the pressure gradient. We hypothesized that either positive or negative inotropic agents can affect the hemodynamic energy, which can be measured using the energy equivalent pressure (EEP) and surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE). This study examined the change ...
Postnov Yuvenalii V - - 2007
Despite numerous efforts, including recent genetic and molecular biology studies, the immediate cause of stationary elevated blood pressure (BP) in any kind of hypertension has not been satisfactorily explained. This review deals with the cellular mechanisms underlying decreased energy status documented in different tissues from experimental rat models of primary ...
Jakobsen Øyvind - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether adenosine instead of supranormal potassium in cold crystalloid cardioplegia gives satisfactory cardiac arrest and improved cardioprotection. Cold crystalloid cardioplegia with adenosine, procaine and magnesium (A) was compared with standard cold crystalloid hyperkalemic cardioplegia (K). METHODS: Sixteen pigs were randomized to receive either cold K (n=8) or ...
Riksen Niels P - - 2007
Plasma NEFA (non-esterified fatty acid) concentrations are elevated in patients with obesity. In the present study we first aimed to provide an integral haemodynamic profile of elevated plasma NEFAs by the simultaneous assessment of blood pressure, pulse wave velocity, FBF (forearm blood flow) and sympathetic nervous system activity during acute ...
Huss Janice M JM Center for Cardiovascular Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2007
Downregulation and functional deactivation of the transcriptional coactivator PGC-1alpha has been implicated in heart failure pathogenesis. We hypothesized that the estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRalpha), which recruits PGC-1alpha to metabolic target genes in heart, exerts protective effects in the context of stressors known to cause heart failure. ERRalpha(-/-) mice subjected to ...
Overgaard Johannes - - 2007
Freshwater turtles overwintering in ice-covered ponds in North America may be exposed to prolonged anoxia, and survive this hostile environment by metabolic depression. Here, we review their cardiovascular function and regulation, with particular emphasis on the factors limiting cardiac performance. The pronounced anoxia tolerance of the turtle heart is based ...
Stecyk Jonathan A W - - 2007
Despite adenosine being regarded as an important signaling molecule capable of coordinating ATP supply and demand during periods of oxygen deprivation in anoxia-intolerant mammals, the importance of adenosinergic cardiovascular control in anoxia-tolerant vertebrates is poorly understood. Here, we report on adenosinergic cardiovascular control during normoxia and prolonged (hours to days) ...
Farrell A P - - 2007
Most vertebrates die within minutes when deprived of molecular oxygen (anoxia), in part because of cardiac failure, which can be traced to an inadequate matching of cardiac ATP supply to ATP demand. Cardiac power output (PO; estimated from the product of cardiac output and central arterial pressure and an indirect ...
Lewandowski E Douglas ED Program in Integrative Cardiac Metabolism, 835 S. Wolcott Ave., MC901, University of Illinois, College of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2007
Glucose metabolism in the heart requires oxidation of cytosolic NADH from glycolysis. This study examines shuttling reducing equivalents from the cytosol to the mitochondria via the activity and expression of the oxoglutarate-malate carrier (OMC) in rat hearts subjected to 2 wk (Hyp2, n = 6) and 10 wk (Hyp10, n ...
Lehtonen Lasse - - 2007
Calcium sensitizers are a new group of inotropic drugs. Levosimendan is the only calcium sensitizer in clinical use in Europe. Its mechanism of action includes both calcium sensitization of contractile proteins and the opening of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent potassium channels as mechanism of vasodilation. The combination of K-channel opening with ...
Lange Matthias - - 2006
In severe sepsis and septic shock, hemodynamic support is often complicated by a tachyphylaxis against exogenous catecholamines. Because activation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of hyperdynamic vasodilatory shock, we hypothesized that it may be beneficial to administer a specific K(ATP) channel ...
Willems Laura - - 2007
There is mixed evidence adenosine receptors (ARs) may enhance myocardial contractility, although this remains contentious. We assessed inotropic actions of adenosine (50 muM) and selective AR activation with 100 nM N (6)-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA; A(1)AR agonist), 25 nM 2-[p-(2-carboxyethyl) phenethylamino]-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS-21680; A(2A)AR agonist) and 100 nM 2-chloro-N (6)-(3-iodobenzyl)-adenosine-5'-N-methyluronamide (Cl-IB-MECA; A(3)AR agonist) ...
Friedman Seth D - - 2007
Substantial controversy persists in the literature concerning the physiologic consequences hypocapnia, or low partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO(2)). Invasive animal studies have demonstrated large pH increases (>0.25 U), phosphocreatine (PCr) decreases (>30%), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) decreases (>10%) after hyperventilation (HV) (20 mm Hg PaCO(2)). However, using magnetic resonance ...
Conil Nathalie - - 2006
We present isotropic, elastic-plastic finite element calculations detailing the pressure relationship between an inclusion and its surrounding matrix, subject to an externally imposed hydrostatic strain. In general, the inclusion and the matrix have different values of hydrostatic pressure, depending on their absolute and relative values of Young's modulus and Poisson's ...
Mao Ho-Kwang - - 2006
The elasticity and plasticity of materials at high pressure are of great importance for the fundamental insight they provide on bonding properties in dense matter and for applications ranging from geophysics to materials technology. We studied pressure-solidified argon with a boron-epoxy-beryllium composite gasket in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). Employing ...
Wang Lixing - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial dysfunction may contribute to early postoperative neonatal heart dysfunction. Diazoxide, a mitochondrial-selective adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium-channel opener, is associated with mitochondrial preservation after cardioplegic arrest. We evaluated the mitochondrial-protective effect of diazoxide in terms of mitochondrial structure and function after neonatal cardioplegic arrest. METHODS: Newborn piglets (age, approximately 14 ...
Willems Laura - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Adenosine deaminase (ADA) may be multifunctional, regulating adenosine levels and adenosine receptor (AR) agonism, and potentially modifying AR functionality. Herein we assess effects of ADA (and A1AR) deficiency on AR-mediated responses and ischaemic tolerance. METHODS: Normoxic function and responses to 20 or 25 min ischaemia and 45 min reperfusion ...
Imai E - - 2006
Intradialytic hypotension is a most frequent complication of hemodialysis and may contribute to cardiovascular events and high mortality. There is a hypothesis that an increase in adenosine generation during hemodialysis may cause vasodilation and a decrease in cardiac output, which results in systemic hypotension. We studied whether this can be ...
Lynch Fiona M - - 2006
1. The ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel may be an important mediator of metabolic dilation in the human coronary circulation. As adenosine and hypoxia are considered to be major mediators of metabolic dilation in the coronary circulation, we investigated the effect of glibenclamide (a K(ATP) channel blocker) on adenosine and hypoxic ...
Paolocci Nazareno - - 2006
Cardiac matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) stimulated by the sympathomimetic action of angiotensin II (AII) exacerbate chamber diastolic stiffening in models of subacute heart failure. Here we tested the hypothesis that MMP inhibition prevents such stiffening by favorably modulating high-energy phosphate (HEP) stores more than by effects on matrix remodeling. Dogs were ...
Ueda Takashi - - 2006
Olprinone, a phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3 inhibitor, is used to treat heart failure due to its positive inotropic and vasodilative effects. Selective inhibition of the PDE 3 isozyme increases intracellular adenosine 3;5;-cyclic monophosphate and enhances Ca(2+) influx into cardiac muscle cells. The most significant advantage of PDE 3 inhibitors is their ...
Viant Mark R - - 2006
Changes in metabolism of Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos exposed to dinoseb (2-sec-butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol), a substituted dinitrophenol herbicide, were determined by in vivo (31)P NMR, high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)-UV, and (1)H NMR metabolomics. ATP and phosphocreatine (PCr) metabolism were characterized within intact embryos by in vivo (31)P NMR; concentrations of ATP, ...
Rodriguez-Porcel Martin M Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First St. SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2006
Advanced hypertension (HT), associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), impairs myocardial microvascular function and structure and leads to increased myocardial hypoxia and growth factor activation. However, the effect of HT on microvascular architecture and its relation to microvascular function, before the development of LVH (early HT), remains unclear. By way ...
Gilani Anwar H - - 2005
Crude extract of Valeriana wallichii rhizome (Vw.Cr) and its fractions were studied for possible antispasmodic and blood pressure lowering activities to rationalize some of the folkloric uses. In rabbit jejunum preparations, Vw.Cr (0.1-3.0 mg/mL) caused relaxation of spontaneous contractions. When tested against high K(+) (80 mM)-induced contractions it produced weak ...
Peltier S - - 2005
We studied the effect of exogenous adenosine in isolated perfused normoxic rat hearts on glycolytic flux through pyruvate kinase (PK). We compared its effect with that of myxothiazol, an inhibitor of mitochondrial ATP production. Moreover, we tested whether an increase of membrane ionic flux with monensin is linked to a ...
Wierema Thomas K A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Adenosine is an endogenous nucleoside with potent vasodilatory capacities, released under ischaemic conditions in particular. Its mechanisms of action, however, remain elusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of adenosine, using a non-selective purinergic receptor antagonist, and the possible involvement of nitric oxide in this mechanism. In addition, the production ...
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