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Liu J F JF Laboratoire de Mécanique de Lille (LML), and Ecole Centrale de Lille, CS 20048, F-59651 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France; State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, - - 2014
This research relates to the assessment of the sealing ability of bentonite/sand plugs when swollen in presence of both water and gas pressures, in the context of deep underground radioactive waste storage. Compacted bentonite/sand plugs are placed inside a constant volume cell, and subjected to swelling in presence of both ...
Qin Yu Y Department of Non-communicable Disease Control, Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu, P. R. - - 2014
A cross-sectional study involving 2502 subjects was conducted to evaluate salt intake, knowledge of salt intake, and blood pressure control in hypertensive patients. The blood pressure control rate was 33.5% among the hypertensive patients. Of the patients, 69.9% had salt intake higher than 6 g/d. Overall 35.0% knew the recommended salt ...
Marin Garcia Pablo Jesus PJ Pablo Jesus Marin Garcia, Maria Encarna Marin-Castaño, Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, United - - 2014
Systemic vascular disease, especially hypertension, has been suspected as a risk factor for some eye diseases including, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. Hypertension can contribute to chronic diseases by hemodynamic injury and/or cellular actions induced by hypertension-related hormones or growth factors. Among the most important is Angiotensin II (Ang ...
Machura Katharina K Institut für Physiologie, Universität Regensburg, 93053, Regensburg, Germany, - - 2014
Defects of the gap junction protein connexin 40 (Cx40) in renin-secreting cells (RSCs) of the kidney lead to a shift of the localization of RSCs from the media layer of afferent arterioles to the periglomerular interstitium. The dislocation of RSCs goes in parallel with elevated plasma renin levels, impaired pressure ...
Awada Hassan K HK Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; Advanced Platform Technology Center, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the simultaneous responses of water-filled (WFC) and air-charged (ACC) catheters during simulated urodynamic pressures and develop an algorithm to convert peak pressures measured using an ACC to those measured by a WFC. Examples of cough leak point pressure and valsalva leak point ...
Li Shourui S State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, - - 2014
We have examined the high-pressure behaviors of six-membered heterocyclic compounds of pyrimidine and s-triazine up to 26 and 26.5 GPa, respectively. Pyrimidine crystallizes in Pna21 symmetry (phase I) with the freezing pressure of 0.3 GPa, and transforms to another phase (phase II) at 1.1 GPa. Raman spectra of several compression-decompression ...
Drapala Adrian A Department of Experimental and Clinical Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
Research suggests that statins affect the regulation of arterial blood pressure (BP), however, the mechanisms remain obscure. We maintained male, 12-week-old, Sprague-Dawley rats on tap water (controls) or water containing simvastatin or pravastatin for 4 weeks. Subsequently, we measured mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate at baseline and after ...
Adnadjevic Djordje D Laboratory for Musculoskeletal Pain and Motor Control, Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Aalborg, - - 2014
During palpation, the pressure intensity and direction include minor deviations suggesting that standardized variations of the pressure intensity during pressure algometry may optimize the stimulus efficacy. This study examined the perceived pain outcome and reliability of a biaxial (bidirectional) algometer exerting rotational and vibratory stimulation on top of the basic ...
Back C C Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark; Translational Stroke Center, Copenhagen University Hospital, Glostrup, - - 2014
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade has neuroprotective effects in animal stroke models, but no effects in clinical stroke trials. We evaluated cerebral and peripheral changes in the renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) and stress responses in acute ischemic stroke patients. Blood from a jugular and cubital vein was collected ...
Qin Yu - - 2014
To identify risk factors, associations between dietary patterns, body mass index (BMI), and hypertension in a Chinese population. Dietary intake was assessed in 2518 adults by a 3-day 24 h recall and a food frequency questionnaire. Salt and oil intake was assessed by weighing records. Four dietary patterns were identified ...
Knoche Sebastian S TU Dortmund University, Department of Physics, 44221 Dortmund, Germany. - - 2014
We study the buckling of elastic spherical shells under osmotic pressure with the osmolyte concentration of the exterior solution as a control parameter. We compare our results for the bifurcation behavior with results for buckling under mechanical pressure control, that is, with an empty capsule interior. We find striking differences ...
Ren Wurong W Science and Technology on Advanced Ceramic Fibers and Composites Laboratory, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, People's Republic of - - 2014
Pressure-tolerant polymer-glass microfluidic reactors with excellent bonding strength have been fabricated by the simultaneous solidification-bonding (SSB) method, in which a viscous and reactive matrix polymer was cast on the glass substrate with pre-patterned wax as a sacrificial template. Elaborate interfacial chemistry between the matrix polymer and the functionalized glass surface ...
Chazallon Bertrand - - 2014
Semi-clathrates of tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) are investigated for their potential application in the CO2 capture context based on hydrate technology. The three-phase lines of semi-clathrates of CO2-TBAB-H2O and N2-TBAB-H2O are established simultaneously with the structure using in-situ Raman scattering performed at high pressure. The preferred crystal phase obtained at ambient ...
Rosier Peter F W M PF University Medical Centre Utrecht - Urology, The - - 2014
To present the evidence background for an ICS teaching module for the urodynamic analysis of voiding. Literature analysis and expert opinion are combined to collate an outline and explanation of a preferred and good urodynamic practice. Patient's preparation, pathophysiology, technique and principles of pressure flow analysis are summarized in this ...
Hajjar Ihab I Division of Geriatrics and General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; - - 2014
Animal studies suggest that the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is involved in neurocognitive function and the response to antihypertensive therapy. We investigated the impact of circulating aldosterone and renin activity on cognition and cerebral hemodynamics at baseline and after antihypertensive therapy for 1 year. Participants were older adults (n = 47; mean ...
Mubarak Muhammed M Histopathology Department, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, - - 2014
We read with great interest the article by Abdi-Ali et al. entitled "IgA nephropathy with early kidney disease is associated with increased arterial stiffness and renin-angiotensin system activity" in the recent issue of Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System. In a study on 10 normotensive IgA nephropathy (IgAN) subjects with early ...
Sampson Amanda K AK From the Director's Research Group (A.K.S., G.L.J.), Department of Vascular Pharmacology (A.K.S., K.L.A., J.P.F.C.-D.), Department of Neuropharmacology (G.A.H.), and Department of Diabetic Complications (M.C.T.), Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia; and Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom (D.G., M.W.M., A.F.D.). - - 2014
The lineage of the Y chromosome accounts for up to 15 to 20 mm Hg in arterial pressure. Genes located on the Y chromosome from the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) are associated with the renin-angiotensin system. Given the important role of the renin-angiotensin system in the renal regulation of fluid ...
McMonnies Charles C University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The efficacy of intraocular pressure reduction in retarding the progression of glaucoma has been demonstrated. This review examines the potential for prognostic advantage for glaucoma suspects in reducing their optic nerve head exposure to elevated intraocular pressure associated with activities which have been shown to elevate intraocular pressure. In this ...
Lei Zhipeng Z 1.Human-Centric Design Research Laboratory Department of Mechanical Engineering Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, - - 2014
Finite element (FE) filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) were developed and mated to the new headforms with a cervical spine model. The FFRs from three manufacturers included three sizing systems: (i) a single one-size-fits all, (ii) an FFR with two sizes (S/M and M/L), and (iii) an FFR with three sizes ...
Nanidis Nikitas N Evangelismos General Hospital of Athens, Neurosurgical department of the University of Athens, D.Ralli str. 92-94, Piraeus, 18539, Greece, - - 2014
A novel flow-regulated external drain (FRED) was devised to overcome the problems of the pressure-regulated systems and serial lumbar taps. Eleven patients who underwent lumbar external drainage received a flow-regulated system using simple and inexpensive materials available in most hospital settings. The system proved to be reliable at removing a ...
Bogatko Stuart S Eenheid Algemene Chemie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Faculteit Wetenschappen, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. - - 2014
We have developed a simple model for incorporating the influence of external pressure and solution pH into a cluster based (i.e. comprising the central Al(3+) cation and nearest neighbor coordinating H2O and OH(-) ligands) 1st principles approach to investigate the hydrolysis equilibria of aqueous Al(3+) monomeric species in high pressure ...
O'Caoimh Rónán R Centre for Gerontology and Rehabilitation, University College Cork, St Finbarrs Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
With the rising prevalence of cognitive impairment worldwide clinicians are facing important challenges managing dementia, particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent dementia subtype. Given that current treatments mainly offer symptomatic improvement, without altering disease progression, the challenge now is to identify and integrate new therapeutic strategies. Hypertension is increasingly ...
Ramirez Claudia E CE From the Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and the Autonomic Dysfunction Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee (C.E.R., L.E.O., A.C.A., A.G., A.D., S.R.R., D.R., I.B., C.A.S.); and Department of Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee - - 2014
The clinical presentation of autonomic failure is orthostatic hypotension. Severely affected patients require pharmacological treatment to prevent presyncopal symptoms or frank syncope. We previously reported in a proof of concept study that pediatric doses of the norepinephrine transporter blockade, atomoxetine, increases blood pressure in autonomic failure patients with residual sympathetic ...
Azak Alper A Department of Nephrology, Ankara Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) is highly prevalent and is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. It has been well established that excessive intake of sodium chloride (salt) induced hypertension in some populations. Although salt seems to induce cardiovascular diseases through elevation of blood pressure, it has also been indicated ...
Jin Yusuke Y Production Technology Team, Methane Hydrate Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Sapporo 062-8517, - - 2014
A pressurized subsampling system was developed for pressured gas hydrate (GH)-bearing sediments, which have been stored under pressure. The system subsamples small amounts of GH sediments from cores (approximately 50 mm in diameter and 300 mm in height) without pressure release to atmospheric conditions. The maximum size of the subsamples ...
Molter Christine M - - 2014
Intraocular pressure was measured using rebound tonometry in American flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber), with the head in an upright standing position and when lowered in a feeding position, to establish a reference range. Mean +/- standard deviation (SD) (range) intraocular pressure for flamingos with the head in an upright position was ...
Hahn Alicia - - 2014
Ocular disease appears to be a common issue in anurans. Intraocular pressures were measured for six species of free-ranging anurans in central Oklahoma. No significant differences were identified between left or right eyes. There was a significant negative relationship between the weight of the anuran and intraocular pressure. The intraocular ...
Safar M E ME Centre de Diagnostic et de Thérapeutique, Hôpital Hotel Dieu, 1 Place du Parvis Notre Dame, 75004, Paris, France, - - 2014
In recent years, treatment strategies for hypertension have often focused on combination therapies that include diuretics and renin angiotensin aldosterone system blockers such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers. However, in clinical practice, a significant number of patients do not respond completely to these combination treatments, and long-term ...
Bulat Marin - - 2014
Relationships between hydrostatic and oncotic (colloid osmotic) pressures in both capillaries and interstitium are used to explain fluid filtration and reabsorption across microvascular walls. These pressures are incorporated in the Starling oncotic hypothesis of capillaries which fails, however, to explain fluid homeostasis when hydrostatic capillary pressure is high (in feet ...
Botella Pablo P Departamento de Física Aplicada-ICMUV, Universidad de Valencia , MALTA Consolider Team, Edificio de Investigación, C. Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, - - 2014
The high-pressure behavior of CaWO4 was analyzed at room temperature by Raman spectroscopy. Pressure was generated using a diamond-anvil cell and Ne as pressure-transmitting medium. The pressure range of previous studies has been extended from 23.4 to 46.3 GPa. The experiments reveal the existence of two reversible phase transitions. The ...
Li Xiao C XC The University of Mississippi Medical - - 2014
Caveolin 1 (CAV-1) functions not only as a constitutive scaffolding protein of caveolae but also as a vesicular transporter and signaling regulator. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that CAV-1 knockout (CAV-1 KO) inhibits AT1 (AT1a) receptor-mediated uptake of angiotensin II (ANG II) in the proximal tubule and ...
Lokajíček Tomáš T Institute of Geology AS CR, v.v.i. Rozvojová 269, 165 00 Prague 6, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Knowledge of shear wave velocities in loaded rocks is important in describing elastic anisotropy. A new high-pressure measuring head was designed and constructed for longitudinal and traversal ultrasonic sounding of spherical rock samples in 132 independent directions under hydrostatic pressure up to 60MPa. The velocity is measured using a pair ...
Parati Gianfranco G Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy Department of Cardiovascular Neural and Metabolic Sciences, S.Luca Hospital, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan, Italy - - 2014
Many hypertensive subjects travel to high altitudes, but little is known on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) changes and antihypertensive drugs' efficacy under acute and prolonged exposure to hypobaric hypoxia. In particular, the efficacy of angiotensin receptor blockers in this condition is unknown. This may be clinically relevant considering that renin-angiotensin ...
Fagernaes C F CF Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, - - 2014
During the past decade, several population-based studies have found an inverse association between blood pressure (BP) and headache. However, most of them have a cross-sectional design or lack a validated definition of a headache-free population at baseline. Therefore, additional population-based studies using a clearly defined headache-free population and a prospective ...
Giridharan Guruprasad A GA 1Department of Bioengineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY; 2College of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN; and 3Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, - - 2014
Mechanical circulatory support - either ventricular assist device (VAD, left-sided systemic support) or cavopulmonary assist device (CPAD, right-sided support) - has been suggested as treatment for Fontan failure. The selection of left- vs. right-sided support for failing Fontan has not been previously defined.Computer simulation and mock circulation models of pediatric ...
Mironova Elena E Department of Physiology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, - - 2014
Discretionary control of Na(+) excretion is a key component of the regulation of arterial blood pressure in mammals. Sodium excretion is fine-tuned in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron by the activity of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). Here, ENaC functions as a final effector of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) during negative ...
Webb Alastair J S AJ From the Stroke Prevention Research Unit, Oxford University, Oxford, United - - 2014
Visit-to-visit variability in systolic blood pressure (SBP) is associated with an increased risk of stroke and was reduced in randomized trials by calcium channel blockers and diuretics but not by renin-angiotensin system inhibitors. However, time of day effects could not be determined. Day-to-day variability on home BP readings predicts stroke ...
Devatkal Suresh S Central Institute of Postharvest Engineering and Technology (ICAR), Ludhiana, India - - 2014
High-pressure processing (300 MPa for 5 min) as a non-thermal post-processing intervention was employed to improve the shelf life and qualities of cooked refrigerated chicken nuggets. Pomegranate peel extract (1%) was also used as a source of natural antioxidant and antimicrobial in chicken nuggets. Microstructure, microbial profile, instrumental colour, texture profile and ...
Donnelly Joseph J Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Box 167, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK, - - 2014
Increased blood glucose and impaired pressure reactivity (PRx) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are both known to correlate with unfavorable patient outcome. However, the relationship between these two variables is unknown. To test the hypothesis that increased blood glucose leads to increased PRx, we retrospectively analyzed data from 86 traumatic ...
Schmieder Roland E RE From the Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, University Hospital of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany (R.E.S., S.T.S.); Institut für Herzinfarktforschung Ludwigshafen, Ludwigshafen, Germany (T.R., J.S., U.Z.); Medical Klinik B, Hospital of the City of Ludwigshafen, Ludwigshafen, Germany (U.Z.); Department of Molecular and Clinical Cardiology, Charité University Hospital Berlin, Berlin, Germany (R.D.); Clinical and Regulatory Affairs, Novartis Pharma GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany (I.H.); and Division of Cardiology, St Luke's Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY (F.H.M.). - - 2014
The long-term relationship between 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and office BP in patients on therapy is not well documented. From a registry we included all patients in whom antihypertensive therapy needed to be uptitrated. Drug treatment included the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren or an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker ...
Schaich Chris L CL Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina Hypertension & Vascular Research Center, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
We investigated acute and chronic effects of CB1 cannabinoid receptor blockade in renin-angiotensin system-dependent hypertension using rimonabant (SR141716A), an orally active antagonist with central and peripheral actions. In transgenic (mRen2)27 rats, a model of angiotensin II-dependent hypertension with increased body mass and insulin resistance, acute systemic blockade of CB1 receptors ...
Frantti J J Finnish Research and Engineering, Jaalaranta 9 B 42, 00180 Helsinki, - - 2014
Piezoelectric materials respond to external stimuli by adjusting atomic positions. In solid-solutions, the changes occurring in atomic scale are very complex since the short- and long-range order are different. Standard methods used in diffraction data analysis fail to model the short-range order accurately. Pressure-induced cation displacements in ferroelectric Pb(Zr0.45Ti0.55)O3 perovskite ...
Wu You Y Chemistry, Chemical Biology & Biomedical Engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, New - - 2014
With proteinaceous-liquid flooding of discrete alveoli, a model of the edema pattern in the acute respiratory distress syndrome, lung inflation over expands aerated alveoli adjacent to flooded alveoli. Theoretical considerations suggest that the overexpansion may be proportional to surface tension, T. Yet recent evidence indicates proteinaceous edema liquid may not ...
Zhao Liang L Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, 400037, Chongqing, - - 2014
Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury is one of the main factors leading to multiple organ failure after resuscitation of prolonged hemorrhagic shock; however, the current conventional fluid resuscitation still cannot effectively reduce intestinal injury caused by prolonged hemorrhagic shock. To investigate the effect of ECMO resuscitation on alleviating intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in ...
Ryu Jiwon J 0000-0003-0251-7858 Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2014
It is known that blood pressure variability (BPV) can independently affect target organ damage (TOD), even with normal blood pressure. There have been few studieson chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We evaluated the relationship between BPV and TOD in a cross-sectional, multicenter study on hypertensive CKD patients. We evaluated 1,173 ...
Griffin Karen A KA From the Departments of Medicine (K.A.G., A.P., A.K.B.) and Pathology (M.P.), Loyola University Chicago and Hines VA Hospital, Maywood, IL; Department of Medicine, University of Illinois Hospital, Chicago, IL (N.L.); and Department of Pathology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, (M.A.V.). - - 2014
Most patients with essential hypertension do not exhibit substantial renal damage. Renal autoregulation by preventing glomerular transmission of systemic pressures has been postulated to mediate this resistance. Conversely, malignant nephrosclerosis (MN) has been postulated to develop when severe hypertension exceeds a critical ceiling. If the concept is valid, even modest ...
Fu Zhi Qing ZQ First Department of Geriatric Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
The call for early detection of hypotension creates a heavy demand for new methods that can monitor trends in blood pressure (BP) levels continuously and noninvasively. Photoplethysmography (PPG) is widely used in hemodynamic analysis. We assessed the feasibility of toe PPG in tracing BP trends using BP readings obtained by ...
Fitzgerald C - - 2014
High-pressure water injuries of the oropharynx are uncommon but can cause significant injury and airway compromise when they occur. A small number of cases of high-pressure water injury of the oropharynx have been presented in the literature, detailing a range of effects and outcomes. We describe the first reported case ...
Husain Kazim K Kazim Husain, Leon Ferder, Department of Physiology, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Ponce School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ponce, PR 00732, United - - 2014
Epidemiological, preclinical and clinical studies established the association between high alcohol consumption and hypertension. However the mechanism through which alcohol raises blood pressure remains elusive. Several possible mechanisms have been proposed such as an imbalance of the central nervous system, impairment of the baroreceptors, enhanced sympathetic activity, stimulation of the ...
Khan Md Abdul Hye MA Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA, - - 2014
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) are widely used in treating hypertension. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that a novel ARB, azilsartan medoxomil (AZL-M) will prevent renal and cardiovascular injury in the spontaneously hypertensive obese rat (SHROB), a model of cardiometabolic syndrome. Male SHROB were treated ...
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