Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 802
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Ogilby J D - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion imaging during adenosine-induced hyperemia with dipyridamole or adenosine is an accepted method to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD) and risk assessment. The mechanism of perfusion abnormality may be caused by disparate flow responses or coronary steal. This study examined the relation between 201Tl perfusion pattern and hemodynamic/angiographic ...
Sidi A - - 1992
We hypothesized that either through local myocardial or systemic effects, adenosine could be used to control hypotension during ischemia. Therefore, we compared the effects of systemic with intracoronary infusion of adenosine on myocardial hemodynamics and metabolism during ischemia in 27 dogs. Left anterior descending artery (LADa) flow was measured and ...
Yamamoto R - - 1992
In the isolated mesenteric vasculature of rats, moderate cooling significantly augments the perfusion pressure responses to transmural field stimulation (TFS), whereas it depresses markedly TFS-induced endogenous norepinephrine (NE) release. Moderate cooling also reduces the perfusion pressure responses to exogenous NE. The present experiments, therefore, were performed to analyze further the ...
Sommers K E - - 1992
BACKGROUND: The biochemical basis for postischemic myocardial stunning is not fully elucidated. Magnesium is an important regulator of cellular energetic processes and excitation-contraction coupling. We hypothesized that the decrease in function in the postischemic period may be the result of an alteration in magnesium regulation. METHODS: In a Langendorf perfused ...
Elliott A C - - 1992
1. The effects of global ischaemia on phosphorus metabolites, intracellular pH (pHi) and developed pressure were measured in isolated whole ferret hearts using 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. 2. Brief (10 min) periods of global ischaemia reduced left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) to undetectable levels. This fall in LVDP ...
Jolin A - - 1992
Unlike other vascular beds, lung vessels constrict when exposed to hypoxia. However, a marked difference has been noticed as regards the elicitability of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) in vivo as compared to in vitro models, like a preparation of isolated rat lungs; in the latter, HPV cannot be evoked from ...
Shinzato T - - 1992
Two types of dialysis induced hypotension apparently exist. One type presents as gradually decreasing blood pressure with eventual symptoms (gradual hypotension), whereas the other presents as abruptly and sharply decreasing blood pressure, along with symptoms (abrupt hypotension). In the current study, the authors found that the plasma hypoxanthine concentration during ...
Schaefer S - - 1992
In order to determine if an increase in myocardial oxygen consumption is accompanied by changes in high energy phosphates in normal subjects and patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, phosphorus-31 spectra were acquired under resting conditions and during dobutamine infusion. In seven normal subjects, dobutamine raised the rate-pressure product to 226% of ...
Bak M I - - 1992
31P-nuclear magnetic resonance (31P-NMR) spectroscopy is widely used to monitor sequential changes in the nucleoside triphosphate (NTP) pool in intact tissues. Recently, the validity of this technique to quantitate incremental changes in ATP in heart has been challenged. Accordingly, we compared NTP measured by 31P-NMR and by chemical techniques in ...
Gorman M W - - 1992
Cardiac adenosine release is thought to depend on the oxygen supply/demand ratio, and this effect may be mediated by changes in high energy phosphate concentrations. Previous studies supporting this hypothesis have been done primarily in isolated hearts. We tested this hypothesis in intact dog hearts. Anesthetized, open-chest dogs were placed ...
Van Wylen D G - - 1992
Cardiac microdialysis is a recently developed technique that allows intramyocardial interstitial fluid (ISF) to be sampled via the implantation and perfusion of a small, hollow dialysis fiber within the myocardium. The purpose of this paper is to describe initial studies using cardiac microdialysis in the isolated perfused heart. Microdialysis probes, ...
Glick M R - - 1992
To determine the effect of adenosine on the venous system, mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP) was determined during infusion of intravenous (i.v.) adenosine (66.5 to a maximum of 532 microgram.kg-1.min-1) in 9 awake instrumented rats before and during ganglionic blockade with i.v. hexamethonium, 0.6 mg.kg-1.min-1. MCFP, the equilibrated pressure (mm ...
Angelini G D - - 1992
We investigated the effect of a novel surgical preparative technique for human saphenous vein by using the concentration of adenosine triphosphate and the adenosine triphosphate/diphosphate ratio to quantify medial integrity and by using stimulated rates of prostacyclin production to quantify endothelial function. Freshly isolated vein had an adenosine triphosphate concentration ...
Masuda M - - 1992
Purine nucleotide catabolism was examined during 24 hours of cold (0.5 degree C) storage of human transplant recipient hearts, baboon hearts, and dog hearts. The hearts were excised either after cold hyperkalemic cardioplegic arrest or after simple hypothermic arrest (25 degrees C). In human myocardium, hypothermia alone preserved the adenosine ...
von Planta M - - 1992
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS TESTED: The effects of adenosine (100 micrograms/kg/min; n = 7) were examined during rodent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Change in coronary artery perfusion pressure, end-tidal PCO2, and arterial acid-base status of anesthetized, male, Sprague-Dawley rats were compared with CPR controls (0.9% sodium chloride; n = 7) and with ...
Sato H - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Adenosine attenuates beta-adrenoceptor-mediated inotropic responses through GTP-binding protein in vitro. The goal of the present study was to test the hypothesis that endogenous adenosine released from the ischemic myocardium blunts the inotropic response to beta-adrenergic stimulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 45 open-chest dogs, the left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Zhang Y - - 1992
A haemorrhage model was used to impose severe metabolic stress in anaesthetized cats by removing blood (15.3 ml min-1) to attain an arterial pressure of ca. 50 mmHg for a 2 h period. Adenosine levels in central venous blood rose by 5 min, reached a peak of about 3.5 times ...
Dev B R - - 1992
Neurochemical changes in the extracellular fluid of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) were produced by changes in arterial blood pressure. Blood pressure was raised or lowered with systemic infusions of phenylephrine or nitroprusside and neurochemicals were recovered from RVLM by in vivo microdialysis. A dialysis probe 300 microns in diameter ...
Ning X H - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to examine adenosine release and high-energy phosphate concentrations during norepinephrine (NE) infusion in isolated guinea pig hearts perfused with a physiological salt solution (PSS) containing erythrocytes (RBC). Phosphate concentrations were monitored using 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy while NE was infused at 6 x 10(-10) ...
Honma M - - 1992
Using Langendorff isolated perfused rat hearts, we demonstrated direct effects of cyanide on the heart. A heart from a sacrificed male rat was placed on a Langendorff apparatus and perfused with Tyrode solution containing 2.0 mM NaCN (CN-TS), following with normal Tyrode solution (TS) at 37 degrees C. During perfusion ...
Downing S E - - 1992
We have recently shown that low-flow (10%) ischemia in the isolated piglet heart causes an abrupt fall in mechanical function and metabolic activity (acute hibernation), with nearly complete preservation of high-energy phosphates and glycogen after 2 hours of ischemia. We attempted to determine if norepinephrine, as occurs in vivo, would ...
Haneda T - - 1992
The effects of bunazosin on the ischemic myocardium were investigated in isolated, perfused working rat hearts. Ischemia decreased the pressure-rate product and tissue adenosine triphosphate and creatine phosphate levels. Reperfusion did not restore the pressure-rate product nor the adenosine triphosphate levels completely. Bunazosin (5 x 10(-7) and 5 x 10(-6) ...
Kupriyanov V V - - 1992
The effect of severe reduction of cytosolic adenine nucleotide (AdN) pool and [ATP]/[ADP] ratio (by 2-deoxyglucose treatment) on functional and metabolic responses of isovolumic rat heart to increased energy demand induced by coronary flow (CF) rise and isoproterenol (Iso) addition has been investigated. AdN-depleted hearts had reduced phosphocreatine (PCr, by ...
Shryock J C - - 1992
Activation of cardiac A1 adenosine receptors slows atrioventricular conduction and attenuates the effects of catecholamines, whereas activation of A2 adenosine receptors causes coronary dilation. This study investigates the antagonism of the action of adenosine on A1 and A2 adenosine receptor subtypes by (+-)-N6-endonorbornan-2-yl-9-methyladenine (N-0861) in guinea pig isolated perfused hearts. ...
Weiss R G - - 1992
Although the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is the prime means of carbon metabolism for energy generation in normal myocardium, the noninvasive quantification of TCA cycle flux in intact cardiac tissues is difficult. A novel approach for estimating citric acid cycle flux using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is presented and ...
Conzen P F - - 1992
We investigated the effects of clinically administered volatile anesthetics and of adenosine on the microvasculature of the in situ beating canine heart. Thirteen dogs were studied during general anesthesia with an opioid (piritramide), which was infused throughout the experiments. Measurements were obtained in each animal at control (piritramide only) and ...
Hoka S - - 1992
To examine the cardiovascular response to prostaglandin E1 infusion, we observed hemodynamic changes including left ventricular diameter (an ultrasonic crystal pair) during PGE(1)-induced hypotension in anesthetized open-chest dogs. Left ventricular contractility was assessed primarily by measuring the slope of the left ventricular endsystolic pressure-diameter relation (ESPDR) determined by combining end-systolic ...
Osbakken M - - 1992
To determine whether cardiac hypertrophy secondary to chronic renovascular hypertension is associated with altered in vivo myocardial metabolism, phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance saturation transfer techniques were used to study creatine kinase (CK) kinetics in six chronically hypertensive dogs with moderate cardiac hypertrophy and eight control dogs. The forward rate constant ...
Ohhira A - - 1992
1. We have developed a new preparation for continuously measuring changes in vascular resistance of the vasa vasorum of the canine isolated thoracic aorta perfused at a constant flow rate with Krebs-bicarbonate solution. 2. An increase of more than 150 mmHg in aortic pressure caused a significant increase in the ...
Yamanaga K - - 1992
Repeated oral administration of the novel loop diuretic torasemide (3 mg kg-1) and frusemide (30 mg kg-1) for 7 days, elicited a significant fall in the systolic blood pressure in the one-kidney, one-clip Goldblatt renal hypertensive rat (RHR). The hypotensive action was greater in the torasemide group than in the ...
Koos B J - - 1992
Breathing responses to adenosine were determined in 12 chronically catheterized fetal sheep (greater than 0.8 term) in which hypoxic inhibition of breathing had been eliminated by brain stem section. The caudal extent of transection varied from the rostral midbrain to the pontomedullary junction. Isocapnic hypoxia [delta arterial PO2 (PaO2) of ...
Cuevas P - - 1991
Acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are members of a family of proteins that are broad-spectrum mitogens, have diverse hormone-like activities, and function in tumorigenesis. FGF's ability to raise the concentration of intracellular calcium ion suggests that FGF could induce the synthesis of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) and consequently ...
Demmy T L - - 1991
Recovery of energy metabolism and contractility in stunned myocardium requires several days, even when mechanical circulatory support is employed. This double-blind study was undertaken to determine if myocardial recovery could be accelerated by intracoronary infusion of adenosine during reperfusion. Ten mongrel dogs were subjected to 45 minutes of global normothermic ...
McKillop D F - - 1991
Increased hydrostatic pressure has previously been shown to reduce the tension of isometrically contracting skinned muscle fibres. An isomerization of the actomyosin complex is known to be pressure sensitive, but the pressure sensitivity of other steps in the ATPase pathway has not been characterised. We report here the effect of ...
Zweier J L - - 1991
To further evaluate the bioenergetic role of phosphocreatine, we assessed several parameters in normal and depleted rat hearts. Rats were fed (8 weeks) a diet containing either 1% beta-guanidinoproprionic acid or 2% beta-guanidinobutyric acid (beta-GBA), resulting in an 80% phosphocreatine depletion compared to controls. Left ventricular pressure-volume curves were obtained ...
Neubauer S - - 1991
The isolated, buffer-perfused ferret heart is a new model for the study of cardiac physiology and metabolism. Compared to the more commonly used isolated heart preparation, the rat heart, the ferret has a lower rate-pressure product due to lower heart rate, a remarkably low coronary flow and almost complete oxygen ...
Kupriyanov V V - - 1991
Energy flux, estimated from the cardiac work index (pressure-rate product) and the rate of oxygen consumption, was varied in different ways; and the free concentrations of cytosolic phosphates were detected by the 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance method. A reversible decrease in phosphocreatine (PCr) and concomitant increase in [ADP] at nearly constant ...
Murata K - - 1991
There has been no study comparing the advantage and disadvantage of various antihypertensive agents during surgery for pheochromocytomas because the study is difficult in clinical setting. In the present experiments using dogs, after increasing the arterial blood pressure with norepinephrine, we decreased it to the baseline with sodium nitroprusside (SNP), ...
Edlund A - - 1991
Infusion of the endogenous vasodilator adenosine to patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD) frequently provokes myocardial ischaemia, possibly caused by a coronary steal. The aim of this study was to detect the occurrence and incidence of disturbances in left ventricular (LV) wall motion and Doppler indices of altered LV function ...
Rossen J D - - 1991
Although both intravenous dipyridamole and adenosine have been used to produce coronary vasodilation during cardiac imaging, the relative potency of the commonly administered doses of these agents has not been evaluated. Accordingly, the coronary and systemic hemodynamic effects of intravenous adenosine (140 micrograms/kg per min) and intravenous dipyridamole (0.56 mg/kg ...
Smits P - - 1991
The effect of adenosine on the forearm vasoconstrictor response to alpha-adrenergic and sympathetic stimulation was studied in healthy volunteers. During a predilated state achieved by infusion of sodium nitroprusside into the branchial artery, subsequent infusion of norepinephrine induced a mean increase in forearm vascular resistance of 571%, whereas this response ...
Heller L J - - 1991
The failure of adenosine receptor antagonists to consistently attenuate metabolic coronary vasodilation suggests that adenosine is not a primary regulator of functional hyperemia. An alternative hypothesis, however, is that metabolic stimulation of the heart in the presence of an adenosine receptor antagonist results in enhanced interstitial levels of adenosine which ...
Kingsley P B - - 1991
The relationships among myocardial ATP, intracellular pH, and ischemic contracture in Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were investigated by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy during total global normothermic ischemia while the left ventricular pressure was recorded continuously via an intraventricular balloon. Glucose-perfused hearts (n = 63) were divided into five groups based ...
Bradley J D - - 1991
The effects of adenosine (ADO) on pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) distribution, vascular compliance (C), and permeability were determined in normal and PMA-injured isolated rabbit lungs perfused with a 1:1 mixture of 6% albumin in Krebs-Henseleit buffer and autologous blood. ADO or vehicle was continuously infused into the reservoir at 1,4, ...
Kupriyanov V V - - 1991
In order to investigate the potential role of cytosolic phosphates ([ATP], [ADP] and [Pi]) in the integration of mitochondrial respiration and mechanical function in the perfused heart, inhibition of the substrate end of the respiratory chain by amytal has been employed. A stepwise increase in amytal concentration (from 0.2 to ...
Kobayashi H - - 1991
Changes in brain high energy phosphate metabolite and pH levels were studied using serial phosphorus (P)-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in an epidural balloon cat model. The balloon was inflated with 1, 2, 3, or 4 ml of water at 1 ml/sec and deflated after obtaining a spectrum 4 minutes ...
Minten J - - 1991
Ex vivo cardiac preservation was evaluated by measuring the catabolism of high-energy phosphate (ATP and creatine phosphate, CrP) using 31P-NMR spectroscopy. After cardioplegic arrest St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution (group A), and University of Wisconsin (UW) preservation solution (group B) were tested. The hearts were mounted in the 4.7 T ...
Smits P - - 1991
The forearm vasoconstrictor response to a standardized cold pressor test (CPT) was studied twice in eight healthy subjects, once during local intraarterial infusion of adenosine and once during infusion of equipotent dosages of the control vasodilator sodium nitroprusside (SNP). During local SNP infusion, the forearm vascular resistance (FVR) decreased from ...
Murray, Thomas F.
To investigate the effects of moderate hydrostatic pressures on signal transduction we have used the A (1) adenosine receptor inhibitory G protein (Gi) - adenylyl cyclase system in two species of sorpaenid fish which have served as a model for the study of pressure adaptation. These species, Sebastolobus alascanus and ...
Cimini C M - - 1991
Arterial pressure, cardiac mass and coronary flow reserves were measured in untreated and chronically pindolol-treated rabbits, prepared as either one-kidney one clip (1K1C) hypertensive or uninephrectomized (sham) controls. Pindolol (200 micrograms/kg/day) was administered for either 23 or 30 days, beginning 1 week after, or the day of initial surgery, respectively. ...
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