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Parkes M M University of Birmingham, Senior Lecture, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, Edgbaston, UNITED - - 2014
objectives: While there is recent interest in using repeated deep inspiratory breath-holds, or prolonged single breath-holds, to improve radiotherapy delivery, breath-holding has risks. There are no published guidelines for monitoring patient safety and there is little clinical awareness of the pronounced blood pressure rise and the potential for gradual asphyxia ...
Wu Sheng-Yuan SY Department of Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, - - 2014
The total artificial heart (TAH) requires physiological control to respond to the metabolic demand of the body. To date, 1/R control is a single physiological control method that can control venous pressure. To realize an implantable 1/R control system, we are developing a new pressure measuring method using absolute pressure ...
Ueda Norihiro N Department of Cardiovascular Research, Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan (N.U., M.Y., H.H., K.K.), Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of gap junctions in atrial fibrillation (AF) by analyzing the effects of a gap junction enhancer and blocker on AF vulnerability and electrophysiological properties of isolated hearts. The acute atrial stretch model of AF in the isolated rabbit heart was ...
Coiado Olivia C OC Bioacoustics Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 405 North Mathews, Urbana, Illinois 61801 coiado@illinois.edu, - - 2014
The role of the duty factor (DF) in ultrasound-mediated cardiac stimulation is studied. Five 3-month-old female rats were exposed transthoracically to 3.5-MHz ultrasonic pulses of 2.0-MPa peak rarefactional pressure amplitude, variable DF, and variable pulse repetition frequency. A change in the heart rate was not observed following the 0.25%-DF sequence. ...
Schäfer Ulrich U Department of Cardiology, Asklepios Clinic St. Georg, Hamburg, - - 2014
Aims: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction frequently involves a systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the anterior mitral leaflet. We hypothesised that SAM could be a new target for MitraClip therapy. Methods and results: Three patients with HOCM were chosen for MitraClip therapy, due to significant ...
Bullens Lauren M LM Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Máxima Medical Center, Veldhoven; Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of maternal hyperoxygenation on fetal oxygenation and fetal heart rate decelerations during labor, using a simulation model. Use of a mathematical model that simulates feto-maternal hemodynamics and oxygenation, designed in Matlab R2012a. Clinical and engineering departments in the Netherlands. We simulated variable and late fetal heart ...
Yamasato Kelly K Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, - - 2014
To describe the effects of nifedipine tocolysis on blood pressure and heart rate in non-hypertensive women. This was a retrospective study from 2001 to 2011 to compare blood pressures and heart rates among non-hypertensive women on nifedipine tocolysis up to 8 h after nifedipine initiation. Measurements at 20-60 and 61-120 min were ...
Van Diest Ilse I Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, KULeuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000, Leuven, Belgium, - - 2014
Slow breathing is widely applied to improve symptoms of hyperarousal, but it is unknown whether its beneficial effects relate to the reduction in respiration rate per se, or, to a lower inhalation/exhalation (i/e) ratio. The present study examined the effects of four ventilatory patterns on heart rate variability and self-reported ...
Hsieh Mu-Yang MY Cardiology - - 2014
Vascular access thrombosis is a common complication of arteriovenous dialysis grafts that results in silent pulmonary embolism (PE) in a substantial proportion of patients. However, the impact of repeated PE on the pulmonary vasculature remains unclear. From January 2010 to April 2012, 110 patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis via arteriovenous grafts ...
Lu Dai-Yin DY 1] Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan [2] Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2014
Increased arterial stiffness and wave reflections are independently associated with orthostatic hypotension (OH). This study investigated whether heart rate variability (HRV) is also involved in the modulation of orthostatic blood pressure (BP) change. A total of 429 subjects (65.1±16.4 years, 77.4% men) were enrolled in this study. OH was defined ...
Duburcq Thibault - - 2014
IntroductionBased on the potential interest in sodium lactate as an energy substrate and resuscitative fluid, we investigated the effects of hypertonic sodium lactate in a porcine endotoxic shock.MethodsFifteen anesthetized, mechanically ventilated pigs were challenged with intravenous infusion of E. coli endotoxin. Three groups of five animals were randomly assigned to ...
Chow Vincent V ANZAC Research Institute, Sydney, Australia; Department of Cardiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital and The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
The functional capacity of long-term survivors of submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) is unreported. A six-minute walk distance (6MWD) <350 m and reduced heart rate recovery (HRR) indicate adverse prognosis in various chronic diseases. Long-term survivors of acute PE (January 2000-June 2005) were invited to undergo prospectively planned six-minute walk test (6MWT), ...
Dauw Jeroen - - 2014
When elevated pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is assessed by echocardiography, right heart morphology is always considered. The goal of this study was to evaluate how right heart geometry changes with increasing right ventricular pressure load. Data from patients undergoing transthoracic echocardiography with subsequent right heart catheterization within a time period ...
Imbalzano Egidio E Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Therapy, University of Messina, Italy - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of aliskiren versus ramipril or losartan in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, microalbuminuria and uncontrolled hypertension, despite the use of optimal conventional antihypertensive therapy. In this open-label active comparator study, 126 patients were randomly assigned ...
Matsumura Kiyoshi K Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University , Fukuoka , Japan - - 2014
Abstract It has been shown that losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), reduces serum uric acid levels. However, the effects of losartan on serum uric acid levels in the patients treated with a thiazide diuretic have not been fully elucidated. We have investigated the effects of losartan compared with ...
Wiesel Joseph J Department of Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) by assessing the pulse is recommended in high-risk patients. Some clinical trials demonstrated that the Microlife blood pressure monitor (BPM) with AF detection is more accurate than pulse palpation. This led to a change in practice guidelines in the United Kingdom where AF screening with ...
Park Ji-Eun - - 2014
Context • Hypertension treatments include sodium restriction, pharmacological management, and lifestyle modifications. Although many cases of hypertension can be controlled by medication, individuals may experience side effects or incur out-of-pocket expenses, and some may not comply with the treatment regimen. Although some previous studies have shown a favorable effect for ...
Goyal Rajni R Department of Physiology, Gain Sagar Medical College, Banur, Patiala, Punjab, - - 2014
The modern living life-style is known to produce various physical and psychological stresses resulting in increased blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). This can lead to increased myocardial oxygen demand (MVO2). MVO2 correlated best with rate pressure product (RPP). RPP is a product of HR and systolic BP. The ...
Baki Elif Dogan ED Department of Anesthesiology, Afyon Kocatepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Afyon, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pneumoperitoneum (PNP) and patient positions required for laparoscopy can induce pathophysiological changes that complicate anesthetic management during laparoscopic procedures. This study investigated whether low tidal volume and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) application can improve ventilatory and oxygenation parameters during laparoscopic surgery. A total of 60 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were ...
Ela Yüksel Y 1 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Afyon Kocatepe University , Afyon, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Background: To study the effects of low tidal volume with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on arterial blood gases of patients undergoing laparoscopic urologic surgeries. Subjects and Methods: Eighty-six laparoscopic urologic patients were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomized into two groups according to the ventilatory settings. In the ...
Eapen Zubin J ZJ Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Million Hearts is a national initiative to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes over 5 years. The degree to which outpatient providers are controlling risk factors has not been fully described. We examined adherence to the Million Hearts clinical quality measures using The Guideline Advantage, a nationwide quality improvement ...
Bhosale Vivek V VV Scientist, Clinical and Experimental Medicine, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute , Lucknow, India - - 2014
Hypertension, "The silent killer" is a multifactorial disorder which is asymptomatic and if left untreated leads to lethal complications. Nebivolol is a third generation beta blocker with additional vasodilating property due to nitric oxide release. The current study aims to assess efficacy and safety of Nebivolol and compare with Atenolol. ...
Johnson M A MA Sport, Health and Performance Enhancement (SHAPE) Research Group, School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of an active cycling warm-up, with and without the addition of an inspiratory muscle warm-up (IMW), on 10-km cycling time-trial performance. Ten cyclists ([Formula: see text] = 65 ± 9 mL kg(-1) min(-1)) performed a habituation 10-km cycling time-trial and three further time-trials preceded by either no warm-up (CONT), a cycling-specific warm-up ...
Yang Chun-Kang CK Department of Abdominal Surgery, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, 350014, Fujian, China, - - 2014
To investigate thymidine kinase 1(TK-1) and Ki67 expression levels of human colorectal carcinoma cells line SW480 after exposure to a simulated laparoscopic carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum environment at different pressures and lengths of exposure time. The effects of the simulated laparoscopic CO2 pneumoperitoneum environment at different CO2 pressures (6, 9, ...
Hithamani Gavirangappa G Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, CSIR - Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 020, - - 2014
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) were evaluated for polyphenolic content and their bioaccessibility. Total polyphenols of native finger millet was 10.2mg/g which reduced by 50% after sprouting or pressure-cooking, while 12-19% reduction was seen after open-pan boiling. Total flavonoids of the grain reduced drastically on sprouting, ...
Liu Ning - - 2014
Here we report that TiO2 nanotube (NT) arrays, converted by a high pressure H2 treatment to anatase-like 'black titania' show a high open-circuit photocatalytic hydrogen production rate without the presence of a co-catalyst. Tubes converted to 'black titania' using classic reduction treatments (e.g. atmospheric pressure H2/Ar annealing) do not show ...
Kim Sang Hui - - 2014
We propose a 1-dimensional (1D) nanofluidic energy conversion device by implementing a surface-patterned Nafion membrane for the direct energy conversion of the pressure to electrical power. By implementing a -200-nm-thick nano-bridge with a 5-nm pore size between two microfluidic channels, we acquired an effective streaming potential of 307 mV and ...
Chen Hong H Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, - - 2014
Focused ultrasound (FUS) in combination with microbubbles (MBs) has been successfully used in the delivery of various-size therapeutic agents across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). This study revealed that FUS-induced BBB opening size, defined by the size of the largest molecule that can permeate through the BBB, can be controlled by ...
Choi Sang Bong SB *Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Respirology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine Departments of ‡Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery §Surgery ∥Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul †Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Respirology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, - - 2014
To determine whether the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications increases in patients with high peak airway pressure (≥30 cm H2O) during laparoscopic colectomy, we investigated consecutive patients with colorectal cancer who had undergone laparoscopic colectomy. Of the 115 enrolled patients, 34 patients (30%) had peak airway pressure ≥30 cm H2O ...
Takahara Mitsuyoshi M Department of Metabolic Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita City, Osaka, - - 2014
We investigated whether 10 mg per day of azilsartan, one-half of the normal dosage, would be non-inferior to 8 mg per day of candesartan cilexetil for controlling blood pressure in Japanese patients with hypertension. In this open-label, randomized, crossover trial, 309 hypertensive Japanese adults treated with 8-mg candesartan cilexetil were randomized into ...
Schlader Zachary J ZJ Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas, 7232 Greenville Ave, Dallas, TX, 75231, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that those who are highly tolerant to lower body negative pressure (LBNP) while normothermic are also highly tolerant to this challenge while hyperthermic. Sixty pairs of normothermic and hyperthermic LBNP tests to pre-syncope were evaluated. LBNP tolerance was quantified via the cumulative stress index (CSI), which ...
Yavuzkir Mustafa Ferzeyn MF Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, - - 2014
To compare the mean platelet volume (MPV; a general marker of platelet activation) in groups of patients with and without hypertension and to analyse its relationship with left ventricular mass index (LVMI). This cross-sectional, observational study enrolled newly diagnosed patients with untreated stage I-II hypertension and healthy control subjects without ...
Fang Hong H Department of Cardiology - - 2014
Abstract Background: Combined treatment of a calcium antagonist and α/β-adrenoreceptor blocker is expected to offer some advantages in the management of hypertension; however, their antihypertensive efficacy and safety remain relatively under-explored. Methods: The current study addresses the 24-h antihypertensive efficacy and safety of arotinolol combined with a different calcium channel ...
Sieverdes John C JC 1 Medical University of South Carolina , Technology Applications Center for Healthful Lifestyles, Charleston, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Evidence is accumulating, predominantly among clinical trials in adults, that yoga improves blood pressure (BP) control, with downregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) projected as underlying mechanisms. This pilot study assessed whether Hatha yoga has the potential to reduce BP among youth ...
Yang Xiao-Chen XC Department of Cardiology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100053, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Songling Xuemaikang Capsule (, SXC) for the treatment of primary hypertension. An extensive search including Cochrane Library, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientifific Journal Database (VIP), KoreaMed, Japanese database, ...
Hypolito Octavio O Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
to evaluate the clinical, hemodynamic, gas analysis and metabolic repercussions of high transient pressures of pneumoperitoneum for a short period of time to ensure greater security for introduction of the first trocar. sixty-seven patients undergoing laparoscopic procedures were studied and randomly distributed in P12 group: n=30 (intraperitoneal pressure [IPP] 12mmHg) ...
Karkhaneh Akbar A 2 Biomedical Engineering Faculty, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran - - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of hydrostatic pressure (HP) on the biochemical properties and gene expression of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering composed of poly(caprolactone) (PCL) poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) gelatin (GEL) semi interpenetrating polymer network (semi-IPN). The MSCs were cultured ...
Jiang Xian X Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Yanbian University College of Medicine, Yanji 133002, China; Department of Otolaryngology, Yanbian University College of Clinical Medicine, Yanji 133000, - - 2014
Blood pressure is maintained by the interaction between the arterial baroreflexes and the vestibulo-cardiovascular reflexes during postural changes. In this study, the influence of the vestibular receptors on the maintenance of blood pressure following acute hypotension was quantitatively compared with the role of baroreceptors in terms of c-Fos protein expression ...
Ito Takayasu T Department of Internal Medicine, Kuwana East Medical Center , Kuwana, Mie , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Background: A direct renin inhibitor (DRI), aliskiren, may be effective for blood pressure (BP) control in hemodialysis patients. However, it is unclear whether aliskiren has a greater beneficial effect on BP and humoral factors than angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs) in hypertensive patients on hemodialysis. Methods: Eighteen hemodialysis patients ...
Hagins Marshall M Department of Physical Therapy, Long Island University, Brooklyn, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of yoga with an active control (nonaerobic exercise) in individuals with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension. A randomized clinical trial was performed using two arms: (1) yoga and (2) active control. Primary outcomes were 24-hour day and night ambulatory systolic ...
Malvasi A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Santa Maria Hospital, Bari, Italy. - - 2014
The supplemental administration of myo-inositol, D-chiro-inositol, folic acid and manganese (MDFM) was tested in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial, pilot study, to test the hypothesis that its supplemental administration in the second trimester of pregnancy would improve glucose and glycemic parameters and blood pressure. Non-obese uniparous healthy ...
Maniotis Christos C 2nd Cardiology Department, "Hellenic Red Cross" Hospital of Athens, - - 2014
This study surveyed the frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) M235T AGT and C825T GNB3, and their association with insulin resistance, other biochemical markers and qualitative variables in subjects with high normal blood pressure and/or prehypertension in the Greek population. 330 men and women of Greek origin were divided into ...
Yang Xiaochen X Department of Cardiology, Guanganmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, No. 5 Beixiange, Xicheng District, Beijing 100053, - - 2014
Objective. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials has been performed to assess the effectiveness of stimulation of acupoint KI 1 by Artemisia vulgaris (the Japanese name is moxa) to lower blood pressure compared to antihypertensive drugs. Methods and Findings. Articles published from 1980 to August 2013 in databases of ...
Sunagawa Katsunori K Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, 1 Senbaru, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa 903-0213, - - 2014
While there are persistent rumors that the consumption of goat meat dishes increases blood pressure, there is no scientific evidence to support this. Two experiments were conducted to clarify whether or not blood pressure increases in conjunction with the consumption of goat meat dishes. In experiment 1, 24 Dahl/Iwai rats ...
Goldsby Heather J HJ Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America; BEACON Center for Evolution in Action, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of - - 2014
Within nature, many groups exhibit division of labor. Individuals in these groups are under seemingly antagonistic pressures to perform the task most directly beneficial to themselves and to potentially perform a less desirable task to ensure the success of the group. Performing experiments to study how these pressures interact in ...
Leskinen Miia H MH Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere, - - 2014
Liquorice ingestion often elevates blood pressure, but the detailed haemodynamic alterations are unknown. We studied haemodynamic changes induced by liquorice consumption in 20 subjects versus 30 controls with average blood pressures of 120/68 and 116/64 mmHg, respectively. Haemodynamic variables were measured in supine position before and after two weeks of ...
Shebani Suhair Omar SO East Midlands Congenital Heart Centre, Leicester Hospitals NHS Trust, Leicester, Leicestershire, - - 2014
Transcatheter atrial septal defect device implantation in elderly patients may cause acute pulmonary oedema when impaired left ventricular diastolic function causes an abrupt increase in left atrial pressure. Though left atrial pressure is often monitored during test occlusion of a defect, it is not clear at what cut-off value device ...
Xu Jingsong J Research Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases and Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
The postural change of pulse pressure (PP) in the persons with orthostatic hypertension (OHT) is unclear. This study included 2849 (65.0 ± 9.3 years) community participants. Blood pressures (BPs) in supine and standing positions were measured. The differences between upright and supine BP and PP were recorded as ΔBP and ΔPP. The criteria ...
Grainger Megan N C MN Department of Chemistry, University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton, New - - 2014
The effect of high pressure processing (HPP) on the conversion of dihydroxyacetone (DHA) to methylglyoxal (MGO) was examined in New Zealand mānuka honey and models thereof. The objective was to confirm that previously reported increases of MGO with HPP treatment originated from conversion of DHA. RP-HPLC was used to quantify ...
Yang Chun-Kang CK Department of Abdominal Surgery, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian 350014, China; Provincial Clinical College, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350014, - - 2013
The ability of pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic surgery to promote proliferation and metastasis of colorectal cancer has become a focus of research in the field of minimally invasive surgery. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of CO2 pneumoperitoneum under different pressures and exposed times on the expression ...
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