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Holland Maureen M Blood Pressure & Heart Research Centre, Stepping Hill Hospital, Stockport, Cheshire, SK2 7JE, - - 2014
No universally accepted guideline exists for measurement of blood pressure for patients confined to bed. The aim was to establish areas of technique that might be open to standardization to improve measurement reliability similar to those used for office BP measurements. In-patient blood pressure measurement (IPBPM) was closely observed in ...
Wolf Andrew R AR Centre for Structural and Congenital Heart Disease, Rush University Medical Centre, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Perioperative monitoring of ventilation, gas exchange, heart rate, blood pressure, and other basic physiological measures give important information on the well-being of the child in the perioperative period. However, despite this level of surveillance, perioperative events that appear to be unheralded still occur. Improvements in alarms and alarm design combined ...
Mokra D D Department of Physiology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University in Bratislava, 4 Mala Hora St., SK-03601, Martin, Slovakia, - - 2014
Anti-inflammatory drugs are increasingly used for treatment of neonatal meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), but their adverse effects are poorly known. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine on cardiovascular parameters in an animal model of MAS. Oxygen-ventilated rabbits were intratracheally instilled 4 ...
Asensio Enrique E Hospital Medica TEC 100. - - 2014
Syncope is a common symptom and most patients have a neurally mediated origin. These patients have to be studied with a careful history and a physical exploration that should include simple manoeuvers such as blood pressure recordings in decubitus and in standing position. These tools can suggest a diagnosis in ...
Prieto Isabel I Unit of Physiology Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Jaén, - - 2014
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a major role in the control of blood pressure (BP) and water balance by coordinating brain, heart and kidney functions, connected with each other by hormonal and neural mechanisms through the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The RAS function may be monitored by the study of ...
Poelzl G G Clinical Division of Cardiology, Innsbruck Medical University, - - 2014
Elevated levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) are associated with incident heart failure in individuals with or without chronic kidney disease. We aimed to investigate the association between serum FGF23 concentrations and disease severity and long-term outcome in patients with stable heart failure. Serum levels of C-term FGF23 (Ct-FGF23) ...
Adamson Philip B PB Heart Failure Institute at Oklahoma Heart Hospital, Oklahoma City, OK - - 2014
-No treatment strategies have been demonstrated to be beneficial for the population for patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction. -The CHAMPION Trial was a prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial testing the hypothesis that hemodynamically guided heart failure management decreases decompensation leading to hospitalization. Of the 550 patients ...
Zeng Shi S Department of Ultrasonography, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, No.139 Middle Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan, 410011, P.R. - - 2014
This study investigated the volume of intracranial structures in fetuses with complex congenital heart disease (CHD). Total intracranial volume (TIV), frontal lobe volume (FLV), thalamus volume (TV) and cerebellum volume (CV) were compared prospectively in 73 fetuses with CHD and 168 normal fetuses using 3D ultrasound combined with Virtual Organ ...
Roeth Nathan A NA Departments of - - 2014
Because heart rate affects ventricular filling, the aim of the present study was to assess the effects of increasing heart rate and tidal volume on stroke volume variability to determine whether this dynamic index is heart-rate dependent. Prospective, randomized study. Single university hospital. Eighteen vascular surgery patients having general anesthesia ...
Estep Jerry D JD Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hemodynamics assessment is important for detecting and treating post-implant residual heart failure, but its accuracy is unverified in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs). We determined whether Doppler and 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography reliably assess hemodynamics in patients supported with CF-LVADs. Simultaneous echocardiography and right heart catheterization were prospectively ...
Liang Ruijuan R aDepartment of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing bDepartment of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & School of Basic Medicine Peking Union Medical College, - - 2014
Comprehensive studies have confirmed that particulate matter air pollution could trigger myocardial infarction, heart failure and reduce heart rate variability; however, its effect on blood pressure (BP) remains controversial. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the association and its magnitude between exposure to PM2.5 and BP. ...
Marques Nicole Ribeiro NR Department of Anesthesiology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, - - 2014
Objective To determine if passive leg raising (PLR) significantly increases cardiac output in a cohort of healthy pregnant women during the third trimester. Study Design Using a noninvasive monitor, baseline hemodynamic measurements for arterial blood pressure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output, cardiac index, stroke volume, and systemic vascular ...
Koenig Steven C SC 1Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Cardiovascular Innovation Institute, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202 2Department of Bioengineering, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202 3APK Advanced Medical Technologies, 575 14th Street NW, Atlanta, GA - - 2014
APK Advanced Medical Technologies (Atlanta, GA) is developing a sutureless beating heart (SBH) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) connector system consisting of anchoring titanium coil, titanium cannula with integrated silicone hemostatic valve, coring and delivery tool, and LVAD locking mechanism to facilitate LVAD inflow surgical procedures. Feasibility testing was completed ...
Morishita Masako M School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
Although fine particulate matter (PM) air pollution <2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) is a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality, the potential health effects of coarse PM (2.5-10 μm in aerodynamic diameter; PM10-2.5) remain less clearly understood. We aimed to elucidate the components within coarse PM most likely responsible for ...
Catalano Mariella M Research Center on Vascular Diseases and Angiology Unit, University of Milan, Milan, - - 2014
Aortic augmentation index (AIx) is used to investigate arterial stiffness. The authors tested the hypothesis that patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) demonstrate a higher AIx and also evaluated several related factors. In 97 patients with PAD, identified by ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI ≤0.9), and 97 controls (ABPI ≥0.91<1.4), AIx ...
Yeo Khung Keong KK Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California; Department of Cardiology, National Heart Centre Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rate of concurrent right-heart catheterization (RHC) in patients undergoing left-heart catheterization (LHC) for coronary artery disease (CAD) indications or bilateral heart catheterization (BHC) is recommended as a measure of hospital quality, with higher rates suggesting over utilization. Our aim was to describe the prevalence of BHC and abnormal RHC ...
Blank Doug D Division of Neonatology, UCSD Medical Center, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart rate is the most important indicator of infant well-being during neonatal resuscitation. The Nellcor Pedi-Cap turns gold when exposed to exhaled gas with CO2>15mmHg. The aim of this study was to determine if Pedi-Cap gold color change during neonatal resuscitation precedes an increase in heart rate in babies with ...
Liao Ru-Jia RJ Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Nantong University, Nantong, - - 2014
Our previous studies show that protein phosphatase 1γ (PP1γ) exacerbates cardiomyocyte apoptosis through promotion of Ca(2+) /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase δ (CaMKIIδ) splicing. Here we determine the role of PP1γ in abdominal aorta constriction (AAC)-induced hypertrophy and remodeling in rat heart. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and echocardiographic (Echo) measurements were used ...
Parkes M M University of Birmingham, Senior Lecture, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, Edgbaston, UNITED - - 2014
objectives: While there is recent interest in using repeated deep inspiratory breath-holds, or prolonged single breath-holds, to improve radiotherapy delivery, breath-holding has risks. There are no published guidelines for monitoring patient safety and there is little clinical awareness of the pronounced blood pressure rise and the potential for gradual asphyxia ...
Wu Sheng-Yuan SY Department of Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, - - 2014
The total artificial heart (TAH) requires physiological control to respond to the metabolic demand of the body. To date, 1/R control is a single physiological control method that can control venous pressure. To realize an implantable 1/R control system, we are developing a new pressure measuring method using absolute pressure ...
Ueda Norihiro N Department of Cardiovascular Research, Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan (N.U., M.Y., H.H., K.K.), Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of gap junctions in atrial fibrillation (AF) by analyzing the effects of a gap junction enhancer and blocker on AF vulnerability and electrophysiological properties of isolated hearts. The acute atrial stretch model of AF in the isolated rabbit heart was ...
Coiado Olivia C OC Bioacoustics Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 405 North Mathews, Urbana, Illinois 61801 coiado@illinois.edu, - - 2014
The role of the duty factor (DF) in ultrasound-mediated cardiac stimulation is studied. Five 3-month-old female rats were exposed transthoracically to 3.5-MHz ultrasonic pulses of 2.0-MPa peak rarefactional pressure amplitude, variable DF, and variable pulse repetition frequency. A change in the heart rate was not observed following the 0.25%-DF sequence. ...
Yaylaci S S Department of Internal Medicine, Findikli State Hospital, Rize, - - 2014
Objective: This study is aimed at analyzing the demographic and clinical characteristics, as well as the hematological-biochemical parameters of patients who admitted to the hospital with the diagnosis of mad honey poisoning. Materials and Methods: A total of 16 patients who were admitted with mad honey intoxication symptoms and treated ...
Schäfer Ulrich U Department of Cardiology, Asklepios Clinic St. Georg, Hamburg, - - 2014
Aims: Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction frequently involves a systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the anterior mitral leaflet. We hypothesised that SAM could be a new target for MitraClip therapy. Methods and results: Three patients with HOCM were chosen for MitraClip therapy, due to significant ...
Bullens Lauren M LM Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Máxima Medical Center, Veldhoven; Department of Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, - - 2014
To investigate the effect of maternal hyperoxygenation on fetal oxygenation and fetal heart rate decelerations during labor, using a simulation model. Use of a mathematical model that simulates feto-maternal hemodynamics and oxygenation, designed in Matlab R2012a. Clinical and engineering departments in the Netherlands. We simulated variable and late fetal heart ...
Yamasato Kelly K Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii, - - 2014
To describe the effects of nifedipine tocolysis on blood pressure and heart rate in non-hypertensive women. This was a retrospective study from 2001 to 2011 to compare blood pressures and heart rates among non-hypertensive women on nifedipine tocolysis up to 8 h after nifedipine initiation. Measurements at 20-60 and 61-120 min were ...
Van Diest Ilse I Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, KULeuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000, Leuven, Belgium, - - 2014
Slow breathing is widely applied to improve symptoms of hyperarousal, but it is unknown whether its beneficial effects relate to the reduction in respiration rate per se, or, to a lower inhalation/exhalation (i/e) ratio. The present study examined the effects of four ventilatory patterns on heart rate variability and self-reported ...
Hsieh Mu-Yang MY Cardiology - - 2014
Vascular access thrombosis is a common complication of arteriovenous dialysis grafts that results in silent pulmonary embolism (PE) in a substantial proportion of patients. However, the impact of repeated PE on the pulmonary vasculature remains unclear. From January 2010 to April 2012, 110 patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis via arteriovenous grafts ...
Lu Dai-Yin DY 1] Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan [2] Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, - - 2014
Increased arterial stiffness and wave reflections are independently associated with orthostatic hypotension (OH). This study investigated whether heart rate variability (HRV) is also involved in the modulation of orthostatic blood pressure (BP) change. A total of 429 subjects (65.1±16.4 years, 77.4% men) were enrolled in this study. OH was defined ...
Duburcq Thibault - - 2014
IntroductionBased on the potential interest in sodium lactate as an energy substrate and resuscitative fluid, we investigated the effects of hypertonic sodium lactate in a porcine endotoxic shock.MethodsFifteen anesthetized, mechanically ventilated pigs were challenged with intravenous infusion of E. coli endotoxin. Three groups of five animals were randomly assigned to ...
Chow Vincent V ANZAC Research Institute, Sydney, Australia; Department of Cardiology, Concord Repatriation General Hospital and The University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
The functional capacity of long-term survivors of submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) is unreported. A six-minute walk distance (6MWD) <350 m and reduced heart rate recovery (HRR) indicate adverse prognosis in various chronic diseases. Long-term survivors of acute PE (January 2000-June 2005) were invited to undergo prospectively planned six-minute walk test (6MWT), ...
Dauw Jeroen - - 2014
When elevated pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is assessed by echocardiography, right heart morphology is always considered. The goal of this study was to evaluate how right heart geometry changes with increasing right ventricular pressure load. Data from patients undergoing transthoracic echocardiography with subsequent right heart catheterization within a time period ...
Mizuno Masanori M Department of Pediatric Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, - - 2014
We treated four postoperative adults with congenital heart disease with severe restrictive hemodynamics (RH), and performed decortication (DC) with the anticipation of some relief of the RH. The catheterizations before DC showed high central venous, and right and left ventricular end-diastolic pressures with "dip-and-plateau" pressure waveforms in the right and ...
Imbalzano Egidio E Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Therapy, University of Messina, Italy - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of aliskiren versus ramipril or losartan in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, microalbuminuria and uncontrolled hypertension, despite the use of optimal conventional antihypertensive therapy. In this open-label active comparator study, 126 patients were randomly assigned ...
Matsumura Kiyoshi K Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University , Fukuoka , Japan - - 2014
Abstract It has been shown that losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), reduces serum uric acid levels. However, the effects of losartan on serum uric acid levels in the patients treated with a thiazide diuretic have not been fully elucidated. We have investigated the effects of losartan compared with ...
Wiesel Joseph J Department of Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) by assessing the pulse is recommended in high-risk patients. Some clinical trials demonstrated that the Microlife blood pressure monitor (BPM) with AF detection is more accurate than pulse palpation. This led to a change in practice guidelines in the United Kingdom where AF screening with ...
Park Ji-Eun - - 2014
Context • Hypertension treatments include sodium restriction, pharmacological management, and lifestyle modifications. Although many cases of hypertension can be controlled by medication, individuals may experience side effects or incur out-of-pocket expenses, and some may not comply with the treatment regimen. Although some previous studies have shown a favorable effect for ...
Goyal Rajni R Department of Physiology, Gain Sagar Medical College, Banur, Patiala, Punjab, - - 2014
The modern living life-style is known to produce various physical and psychological stresses resulting in increased blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR). This can lead to increased myocardial oxygen demand (MVO2). MVO2 correlated best with rate pressure product (RPP). RPP is a product of HR and systolic BP. The ...
Alamgeer - - 2014
Berberis orhob, otrvs Bien. ex Aitch. (B.o.) has been reported to have antihypertensive effect in different experimental models. The aim of present study was to evaluate the possible antihypertensive mechanism. Aqueous methanolic extract of B.o. roots and its various fractions namely (ethyl acetate, n-butanol or aqueous) in different concentrations (10 ...
Baki Elif Dogan ED Department of Anesthesiology, Afyon Kocatepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Afyon, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pneumoperitoneum (PNP) and patient positions required for laparoscopy can induce pathophysiological changes that complicate anesthetic management during laparoscopic procedures. This study investigated whether low tidal volume and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) application can improve ventilatory and oxygenation parameters during laparoscopic surgery. A total of 60 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were ...
Ela Yüksel Y 1 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Afyon Kocatepe University , Afyon, Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Background: To study the effects of low tidal volume with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on arterial blood gases of patients undergoing laparoscopic urologic surgeries. Subjects and Methods: Eighty-six laparoscopic urologic patients were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomized into two groups according to the ventilatory settings. In the ...
Eapen Zubin J ZJ Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Million Hearts is a national initiative to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes over 5 years. The degree to which outpatient providers are controlling risk factors has not been fully described. We examined adherence to the Million Hearts clinical quality measures using The Guideline Advantage, a nationwide quality improvement ...
Bhosale Vivek V VV Scientist, Clinical and Experimental Medicine, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute , Lucknow, India - - 2014
Hypertension, "The silent killer" is a multifactorial disorder which is asymptomatic and if left untreated leads to lethal complications. Nebivolol is a third generation beta blocker with additional vasodilating property due to nitric oxide release. The current study aims to assess efficacy and safety of Nebivolol and compare with Atenolol. ...
Johnson M A MA Sport, Health and Performance Enhancement (SHAPE) Research Group, School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK, - - 2014
This study examined the effects of an active cycling warm-up, with and without the addition of an inspiratory muscle warm-up (IMW), on 10-km cycling time-trial performance. Ten cyclists ([Formula: see text] = 65 ± 9 mL kg(-1) min(-1)) performed a habituation 10-km cycling time-trial and three further time-trials preceded by either no warm-up (CONT), a cycling-specific warm-up ...
Yang Chun-Kang CK Department of Abdominal Surgery, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, 350014, Fujian, China, - - 2014
To investigate thymidine kinase 1(TK-1) and Ki67 expression levels of human colorectal carcinoma cells line SW480 after exposure to a simulated laparoscopic carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum environment at different pressures and lengths of exposure time. The effects of the simulated laparoscopic CO2 pneumoperitoneum environment at different CO2 pressures (6, 9, ...
Hithamani Gavirangappa G Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, CSIR - Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore 570 020, - - 2014
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) were evaluated for polyphenolic content and their bioaccessibility. Total polyphenols of native finger millet was 10.2mg/g which reduced by 50% after sprouting or pressure-cooking, while 12-19% reduction was seen after open-pan boiling. Total flavonoids of the grain reduced drastically on sprouting, ...
Liu Ning - - 2014
Here we report that TiO2 nanotube (NT) arrays, converted by a high pressure H2 treatment to anatase-like 'black titania' show a high open-circuit photocatalytic hydrogen production rate without the presence of a co-catalyst. Tubes converted to 'black titania' using classic reduction treatments (e.g. atmospheric pressure H2/Ar annealing) do not show ...
Kim Sang Hui - - 2014
We propose a 1-dimensional (1D) nanofluidic energy conversion device by implementing a surface-patterned Nafion membrane for the direct energy conversion of the pressure to electrical power. By implementing a -200-nm-thick nano-bridge with a 5-nm pore size between two microfluidic channels, we acquired an effective streaming potential of 307 mV and ...
Chen Hong H Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, - - 2014
Focused ultrasound (FUS) in combination with microbubbles (MBs) has been successfully used in the delivery of various-size therapeutic agents across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). This study revealed that FUS-induced BBB opening size, defined by the size of the largest molecule that can permeate through the BBB, can be controlled by ...
Choi Sang Bong SB *Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Respirology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine Departments of ‡Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery §Surgery ∥Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul †Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Respirology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, - - 2014
To determine whether the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications increases in patients with high peak airway pressure (≥30 cm H2O) during laparoscopic colectomy, we investigated consecutive patients with colorectal cancer who had undergone laparoscopic colectomy. Of the 115 enrolled patients, 34 patients (30%) had peak airway pressure ≥30 cm H2O ...
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