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Results 201 - 250 of 2555
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Suborov E V - - 2010
We recently reported that post-pneumonectomy pulmonary oedema (PPO) occurs after ventilating the remaining lung with excessive tidal volumes. Studies in small animals have indicated that nitric oxide (NO) release increases in hyper-inflated lungs, but confirmatory evidence from larger animals is still lacking. We hypothesized that PPO could be prevented by ...
Zhu Yao-bin - - 2010
Pediatric patients are susceptible to lung injury. Acute lung injury (ALI) in children often results in a high mortality. Partial liquid ventilation (PLV) has been shown to markedly improve oxygenation and reduce histologic evidence of injury in a number of lung injury models. This study aimed to examine the hypothesis ...
Mazzoli-Rocha Flavia - - 2010
Along the aluminum refining process, alumina (Al2O3) constitutes the main source of dust. Although aluminum refinery workers present respiratory symptoms with lung functional changes, no conclusive data about lung function impairment after alumina exposure has been so far reported. We examined the pulmonary alterations of exposure to material collected in ...
Bleyl Jörg U - - 2010
The authors investigated the protective effects and dose dependency of perfluorohexane (PFH) vapor on leukocyte-mediated lung injury in isolated, perfused, and ventilated rabbit lungs. Lungs received either 18 vol.% (n = 7), 9 vol.% (n = 7), or 4.5 vol.% (n = 7) PFH. Fifteen minutes after beginning of PFH ...
Oddo Mauro - - 2010
Pulmonary complications are frequently observed after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), but little is known about the consequences of lung injury on brain tissue oxygenation and metabolism. We examined the association between lung function and brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2) in patients with severe TBI. We analyzed data from 78 ...
Matsuzawa Yoshiyasu - - 2010
Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) may provide better alveolar recruitment at a lower peak airway pressure than conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) and, therefore, decrease the risk of barotrauma in patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The present study compared the effects of APRV with low tidal ...
Maggio Dominick - - 2010
BACKGROUND: High frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) is frequently utilized for patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, precise criteria to titrate mean airway pressure (mPaw) and FiO(2) as the patient's condition improves are lacking. We hypothesized that reducing mPaw and FiO(2) too quickly after ...
Steimle K L - - 2011
This paper presents a model of the lung mechanics which simulates the pulmonary alveolar ventilation. The model includes aspects of: the alveolar geometry; pressure due to the chest wall; pressure due to surface tension determined by surfactant activity; pressure due to lung tissue elasticity; and pressure due to the hydrostatic ...
Perri M T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) suffers from the inability to directly palpate organs for tumour localization. A tactile sensing system (TSS), consisting of a probe and a visualization interface, was developed to present an active pressure map of the contact surface to locate tumours during MIS. METHODS: The TSS performance ...
Muders Thomas - - 2010
Development of atelectasis is common in both patients with and without lung injury during mechanical ventilation. Atelectasis might contribute to or attenuate lung injury by different possible mechanisms. Possible direct effects of atelectasis include inflammatory activation or infection of the affected regional lung tissues. In addition, the loss of aerated ...
Muders Thomas - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) noninvasively creates images of the local ventilation and arguably lung perfusion distribution at bedside. Methodological and clinical aspects of EIT when used as a monitoring tool in the intensive care unit are reviewed and discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Whereas former investigations addressed the issue ...
Okamoto T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Functional evaluation of potentially damaged lungs donated after cardiac death is crucial for widespread clinical transplantation. To date, the mean weight of animals used in studies of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) has been 60 kg; however, in the clinical setting, donor weight may be greater. OBJECTIVE: To investigate ...
Tusman Gerardo - - 2010
General anaesthesia induces ventilation/perfusion mismatch by lung collapse. Such lung collapse predisposes patients to preoperative complications since it can persist for several hours or days after surgery. Atelectasis can be partially prevented by using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and/or by lowering FiO2 during anaesthesia induction. However, these manoeuvres are ...
Hedenstierna Göran - - 2010
Atelectasis appears in about 90% of all patients who are anaesthetised. Up to 15-20% of the lung is regularly collapsed at its base during uneventful anaesthesia prior to any surgery being carried out. Atelectasis can persist for several days in the postoperative period. It is likely to be a focus ...
Piscitelli Marina A - - 2010
Shallow-diving, coastal bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) and deep-diving, pelagic pygmy and dwarf sperm whales (Kogia breviceps and K. sima) will experience vastly different ambient pressures at depth, which will influence the volume of air within their lungs and potentially the degree of thoracic collapse they experience. This study tested the ...
Plataki Maria M Thoracic Disease Research Unit, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
Although mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving intervention for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), it can aggravate or cause lung injury, known as ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). The biophysical characteristics of heterogeneously injured ARDS lungs increase the parenchymal stress associated with breathing, which is further aggravated by MV. ...
Lowe Kevin K Department of Surgery, Center for Lung Biology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama, - - 2010
Lung inflammation causes perivascular fluid cuffs to form around extra-alveolar blood vessels; however, the physiologic consequences of such cuffs remain poorly understood. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that perivascular fluid cuffs, without concomitant alveolar edema, are sufficient to decrease lung compliance. Prospective, randomized, controlled study. Research laboratory. One hundred twenty ...
Zhou Jian-cang - - 2010
Increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is common in intensive care patients, affecting aerated lung volume distribution. The current study deals with the effect of increased IAP and decompressive laparotomy on aerated lung volume distribution. The serial whole-lung computed tomography scans of 16 patients with increased IAP were retrospectively analyzed between July ...
Meissner Sven - - 2010
In this feasibility study, we present a method for virtual 4-D imaging of healthy and injured subpleural lung tissue in the ventilated mouse. We use triggered swept source optical coherence tomography (OCT) with an A-scan frequency of 20 kHz to image murine subpleural alveoli during the inspiratory phase. The data ...
Siempos Ilias I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that pretreatment with atorvastatin improves alveolar capillary permeability and hemodynamics and, thus, confers protection against lung injury caused by high-stretch mechanical ventilation. METHODS: Twenty-four isolated sets of normal rabbit lungs were utilized. Treated animals received atorvastatin (20 mg/kg body weight/day by mouth) for 3 days before surgery. ...
Pawloski Danielle R - - 2010
A 6-year-old, spayed female domestic shorthair cat was referred for an intermittent cough and wheezing of 3 to 4 months' duration. Thoracic radiography revealed atelectasis of the right middle and caudal lung lobes with hyperinflation of the accessory lobe, consistent with bronchial obstruction. Bronchoscopy confirmed a narrowing of the right ...
Malbouisson Luiz Marcelo Sá LM Hospital das Clínicas (HC) of the Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil. - - 2010
Lung hyperinflation maneuvers (LHM) reverse intraoperative atelectasis; however, they can lead to pulmonary-induced systemic inflammatory response. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of LHM on systemic inflammatory response and lung structure in patients undergoing subarachnoid block. After approval by the Ethics Committee of the institution and ...
Brodlie Malcolm M Sir William Leech Centre For Lung Research, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2010
Ceramide accumulates in the airway epithelium of mice deficient in cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, resulting in susceptibility to Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection and inflammation. To investigate quantitatively ceramide levels in the lower airway of people with cystic fibrosis compared with pulmonary hypertension, emphysema, and lung donors. Immunohistochemistry was performed on ...
Silva César Augusto Melo - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that lung preservation techniques disarrange lung architecture, increase pulmonary impedance and lead to ischemia-reperfusion injury, which can be prevented by re-establishment of optimal lung geometry. In the first phase, fresh, cold ischemic, preserved lungs insufflated to total lung capacity (TLC) and preserved lungs ventilated with tidal ...
Constantin Jean-Michel - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The impact of recruitment maneuvers on gas exchange, hemodynamics, alveolar recruitment, and hyperinflation is highly variable among patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. The objective was to determine whether differences in lung morphology, defined as differences in the pulmonary distribution of aeration loss, predict the response to recruitment maneuvers. ...
Muellenbach Ralf M - - 2010
In order to optimize the lung-protective potential of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV), it is currently recommended to maximize oscillatory frequencies. However, very high frequencies may lead to insufficient CO(2) elimination with severe respiratory acidosis. Arteriovenous extracorporeal lung assist (av-ECLA) allows near total CO(2) removal, thereby allowing for maximization of the ...
Dembinski Rolf - - 2010
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) improves gas exchange in about 60% of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Recruitment of atelectatic lung areas may improve responsiveness and preservation of spontaneous breathing (SB) may cause recruitment. Accordingly, preservation of SB may improve effectiveness of iNO. To test this hypothesis, iNO was ...
Satoh Yasushi - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary blast injury is produced by shock waves. Blast injuries to lungs are extremely critical threats to survival, but their etiology is largely undefined. The majority of animal models for these injuries use explosive or complex experimental settings, limiting the laboratory study of blast injury. The aim ...
Tingay D G - - 2010
To examine the impact of different endotracheal tube (ETT) suction techniques on regional end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) and tidal volume (V(T)) in an animal model of surfactant-deficient lung injury. Six 2-week old piglets were intubated (4.0 mm ETT), muscle-relaxed and ventilated, and lung injury was induced with repeated saline lavage. ...
Pêgo-Fernandes P M - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Only about 15% of the potential candidates for lung donation are considered suitable for transplantation. A new method for ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) can be used to evaluate and recondition "marginal," nonacceptable lungs. We have herein described an initial experience with ex vivo perfusion of 8 donor lungs ...
Costa Eduardo L V EL Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2010
There is limited information on the regional inflammatory effects of mechanical ventilation and endotoxemia on the production of acute lung injury. Measurement of F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) uptake with positron emission tomography allows for the regional, in vivo and noninvasive, assessment of neutrophilic inflammation. The authors tested whether mild endotoxemia combined with ...
Pinheiro Filho Gilvan Reis GR Curso de Fisioterapia em UTI, Universidade Federal da Bahia - UFBA, Salvador, BA, - - 2010
To verify if the maximal inspiratory pressure values with 40 seconds occlusion time are greater than with the 20 seconds occlusion time, and the impacts on the following patient's physiological variables: respiratory rate, pulse oxygen saturation, heart rate and blood pressure, before and after the measurements. This was a transversal ...
Vanderpool Rebecca R RR Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706-1609, - - 2010
Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension is a disease of the lung vasculature that is usually quantified by pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). However, a more complete description of lung vascular function and right ventricular afterload is provided by pulmonary vascular impedance (PVZ) from spectral analysis of pulsatile pressure-flow relationships. We studied pulsatile pressure-flow ...
Li Tao T Department of General Surgery and Oncology, China Mei Tan General Hospital, Beijing 100028, China. - - 2010
To explore the interventional effects and mechanism of in vitro cultivated Calculus Bovis compound preparation (ICCBco) on pulmonary lesions in portal hypertensive rabbits with schistosomiasis. The experimental group included 20 portal hypertensive rabbits with schistosomiasis treated by ICCBco. The control group included 20 portal hypertensive rabbits with schistosomiasis treated by ...
Habre Walid - - 2010
Although chronic normobaric hypoxia (CH) alters lung function, its potential to induce bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) is still controversial. Thus the effects of CH on airway and tissue mechanics separately and changes in lung responsiveness to methacholine (MCh) were investigated. To clarify the mechanisms, mechanical changes were related to end-expiratory lung ...
Smeding L - - 2010
As opposed to spontaneous respiration wherein small cyclic changes in transpulmonary, negative pressure coincide with lung volume changes, positive pressure (mechanical) ventilation results in a simultaneous rise in transpulmonary pressure and lung volumes. The changes may affect biventricular cardiac loading and function in dissimilar ways, depending on baseline cardiopulmonary function. ...
Ishikawa Seiji - - 2010
PURPOSE: We have previously found that compression of the non-dependent lung improves arterial oxygenation during one-lung ventilation (OLV) in patients undergoing esophagectomy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of compression of the non-dependent lung on hemodynamic indices and oxygen delivery using a minimally invasive cardiac output ...
Perlman Carrie E CE Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, - - 2011
The decrease of lung compliance in pulmonary edema underlies ventilator-induced lung injury. However, the cause of the decrease in compliance is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that in pulmonary edema, the mechanical effects of liquid-filled alveoli increase tissue stress in adjacent air-filled alveoli. By micropuncture of isolated, perfused rat lungs, ...
Schumann Stefan - - 2010
Flush perfusion of the pulmonary artery with organ protection solution is a standard procedure before lung explantation. However, rapid flush perfusion may cause pulmonary oedema which is deleterious in the lung transplantation setting. In this study we tested the hypotheses that high pulmonary perfusion pressure contributes to the development of ...
Marini John J - - 2010
Prevention of iatrogenic injury due to ventilation of a heterogeneous lung requires knowledge of dynamic regional events occurring within the tidal cycle. Quantitative bedside imaging techniques that are sensitive to regional mechanics and tidal events hold potential for information delivery that cannot be realized by pressure-volume monitoring alone.
Di Marco Fabiano - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In acute respiratory distress syndrome, alveolar recruitment improves gas exchange only if perfusion of the recruited alveolar units is adequate. To evaluate functional recruitment induced by positive end-expiratory pressure, we assessed pulmonary conductance for gas exchange based on lung diffusion for carbon monoxide and its components, including pulmonary capillary ...
Wang H M - - 2010
The pathophysiological concept of acute lung injury (ALI) in combination with ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) is still unclear. We characterized the histopathological features of intravenous injection of oleic acid (OAI) and lung lavage (LAV) combined with VALI. Pigs were randomized to the control, LAV or OAI group and ventilated by ...
Determann Rogier M - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Recent cohort studies have identified the use of large tidal volumes as a major risk factor for development of lung injury in mechanically ventilated patients without acute lung injury (ALI). We compared the effect of conventional with lower tidal volumes on pulmonary inflammation and development of lung injury in ...
Krebs Joerg - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that open lung (OL) ventilatory strategies using high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) or controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) compared to CMV with lower positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) improve respiratory function while minimizing lung injury as well as systemic inflammation, a prospective randomized study was performed at a university ...
Bendjelid Karim - - 2010
A new system has been developed to assess global end-diastolic volume (GEDV), a volumetric marker of cardiac preload, and extravascular lung water (EVLW) from a transpulmonary thermodilution curve. Our goal was to compare this new system with the system currently in clinical use. Eleven anesthetized and mechanically ventilated pigs were ...
Schirrmann Kerstin - - 2010
Alveolar recruitment is a central strategy in the ventilation of patients with acute lung injury and other lung diseases associated with alveolar collapse and atelectasis. However, biomechanical insights into the opening and collapse of individual alveoli are still limited. A better understanding of alveolar recruitment and the interaction between alveoli ...
Loring Stephen H - - 2010
Acute lung injury can be worsened by inappropriate mechanical ventilation, and numerous experimental studies suggest that ventilator-induced lung injury is increased by excessive lung inflation at end inspiration or inadequate lung inflation at end expiration. Lung inflation depends not only on airway pressures from the ventilator but, also, pleural pressure ...
Beda Alessandro - - 2010
It is an accepted hypothesis that the amplitude of the respiratory-related oscillations of arterial partial pressure of oxygen (DeltaPaO2) is primarily modulated by fluctuations of pulmonary shunt (Deltas), the latter generated mainly by cyclic alveolar collapse/reopening, when present. A better understanding of the relationship between DeltaPaO2, Deltas, and cyclic alveolar ...
Kozian Alf - - 2010
Mechanical stress during one-lung ventilation (OLV) results in lung injury. This study compared the effects of mechanical ventilation, OLV, and surgical manipulation on diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) after application of different anesthetic regimens. Prospective, randomized, controlled, blinded animal experiment. University hospital. Twenty-one piglets. Animals (27.5 kg) were randomized into 4 ...
Albaiceta Guillermo M - - 2010
Mechanical ventilation is a life-saving therapy that can also damage the lungs. Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) promotes inflammation and up-regulates matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Among these enzymes, MMP-8 is involved in the onset of inflammation by processing different immune mediators. To clarify the role of MMP-8 in a model of VILI ...
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