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Results 151 - 200 of 2555
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Gui-Ling Xie - - 2013
To determine the association between heart rate variability (HRV) and hypertension in Chinese children. The study was conducted in First Hospital of Jilin University, China. A total of 101 children were recruited in this study. They were divided into a high systolic blood pressure (SBP) group (HS group) and normal ...
Ciocoiu Manuela - - 2013
The aim of this study is to characterize the content of Aronia melanocarpa Elliott (black chokeberry) extract and also to estimate the influence of polyphenolic compounds contained in chokeberries on oxidative stress, on an L-NAME-induced experimental model of arterial hypertension. The rat blood pressure values were recorded using a CODA ...
Tong Xiao-Lin - - 2013
A prospective multicenter clinical trial was conducted to compare the beneficial effects of a Chinese herbal medicine formula Jiangzhuoqinggan (JZQG) and western antihypertension drug irbesartan. JZQG is mainly composed of rhubarb, coptis, cassia, and uncaria. A total of 240 patients with mild to moderate hypertension were enrolled in the trial. ...
Yoshitomi Yuji - - 2013
Currently there is no consensus regarding which add-on therapy to use in resistant hypertension. We have conducted an open observational study of the use of aliskiren in resistant hypertensive patients. Forty-three patients with resistant hypertension were included in the study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: 1) office blood pressure ...
Afolabi Ayobami Oladele - - 2013
There is on going controversy on the effect of experimentally induced hypertension on nociception. The effect of salt-loading-induced hypertension on pain was studied in male rats. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats (160-280 g) were divided into two groups. Group A (n = 12) was treated with normal-feed diet (control), while group ...
Baker Julien - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify hypertension (HT) in karate competitors (KCs) in high intensity exercise. Values were compared with an exercise control group (EC). The 84 subjects were randomly divided into two groups: KC and EC. Resting blood pressure (BP) was measured the day before and immediately ...
Nurul-Iman Badlishah Sham - - 2013
This study was performed to explore the effects of virgin coconut oil (VCO) in male rats that were fed with repeatedly heated palm oil on blood pressure, plasma nitric oxide level, and vascular reactivity. Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: (i) control (basal diet), (ii) VCO (1.42 mL/kg, ...
Song Eunyoung - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to establish a protocol of retention-enema experiments and evaluate the antihypertensive effect and the safety of Gwakhyangjeonggi-san retention enema. Normal and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were divided into treatment and control groups, respectively. We applied the Gwakhyangjeonggi-san extract by decoction and 0.9% NaCl in ...
Chiu Yu-Ting - - 2013
Rice is a staple carbohydrate throughout much of the world. Previous work indicated that resistant starch (RS) content of rice consumed in India varied with rice variety and cooking method. This study quantified RS in 4 white rice varieties (jasmine, long grain, medium grain, and short grain) cooked in three ...
Hosseinzadeh Payam - - 2013
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Brewer's yeast supplementation on serum lipoproteins and blood pressure in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In a randomized double blind clinical trial, 90 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus were recruited, and divided randomly into 2 groups, trial group received ...
Supa'at Izreen - - 2013
Swedish Massage Therapy (SMT) is known for its therapeutic relaxation effects. Hypertension is associated with stress and elevated endothelial inflammatory markers. This randomized control trial measured the effects of whole body SMT (massage group) or resting (control group) an hour weekly for four weeks on hypertensive women. Blood pressure (BP) ...
Shukla Gyanendra - - 2013
Considering high prevalence and the need to look for alternative medicine, essential hypertension was screened in light of Vata-Pitta Pradhana Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara as mentioned by Acharya Charaka. Comparing the etiological factors, symptomatology, and complications with Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara with that of essential hypertension, a striking similarity was revealed. To ...
Arao Tadashi T The First Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu 807-8555, Japan. - - 2013
We performed a crossover study in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes to compare olmesartan (40 mg/day) with telmisartan (80 mg/day) in terms of their antihypertensive and metabolic effects. The subjects were 36 patients (20 men and 16 women) with type 2 diabetes who did not achieve a blood pressure ...
Saensak Suprawita S Academic Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, Thailand ; Department of community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai - - 2013
To examine the effectiveness of a modified relaxation (MR) technique in reducing blood pressure levels in Thai postmenopausal women with mild hypertension, compared with a control group who received health education. This is a 16-week, randomized, parallel, open-label, controlled trial in a menopausal clinic in a tertiary health care center ...
Derosa G - - 2012
What is known and Objective:  To evaluate the effects of an olmesartan/amlodipine single pill combination compared with olmesartan or amlodipine monotherapies on blood pressure control, lipid profile, insulin sensitivity and some adipocytokines levels. Methods:  Two hundred and seventy-six patients were enroled in the study and were randomly assigned to take ...
Ke Yuan-Nan - - 2012
Aims: ADVISE was a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, prospective, open-label, parallel-group study comparing combination therapy of nifedipine GITS 30 mg plus valsartan 80 mg (N + V) with high-dose valsartan (160 mg) monotherapy (V160) in Asian patients with hypertension. Methods: Patients with hypertension inadequately controlled with valsartan 80 mg for at least 4 weeks were randomized. The coprimary ...
Ried K - - 2013
Hypertension affects about 30% of adults worldwide. Garlic has blood pressure-lowering properties and the mechanism of action is biologically plausible. Our trial assessed the effect, dose-response, tolerability and acceptability of different doses of aged garlic extract as an adjunct treatment to existing antihypertensive medication in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. A ...
Spanos Georgios - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a critical approach to the management of hypertension, especially in proteinuric patients. It is well proven that the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren shows comparable clinical efficacy to the angiotensin II receptor blocker valsartan on blood pressure control and albuminuria. However, there is ...
Nijem Nour - - 2012
Separation of hydrocarbons is one of the most energy demanding processes. The need to develop materials for the selective adsorption of hydrocarbons, under reasonable conditions, is therefore of paramount importance. This work unveils unexpected hydrocarbon selectivity in a flexible Metal Organic Framework (MOF), based on differences in their gate opening ...
Martin Amanda L - - 2012
Perfluorocarbon (PFC) nanodroplets (NDs) have been proposed as phase-change contrast agents for ultrasound imaging. Since the ultrasound energy required to convert PFC droplets to microbubbles is inversely related to size, the conversion of PFC NDs at clinically-relevant pressures is challenging. We propose that if PFC NDs can accumulate in a ...
Ke Yuan-Nan - - 2012
AIMS: ADVISE was a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, prospective, open-label, parallel-group study comparing combination therapy of nifedipine GITS 30 mg plus valsartan 80 mg (N+V) with high-dose valsartan (160 mg) monotherapy (V160) in Asian hypertensive patients. METHODS: Patients with hypertension inadequately controlled with valsartan 80 mg for at least 4 weeks ...
Yong-Qin Li - - 2012
Objective To study the effect of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ) agonist on the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) mRNA expression in monocyte-derived macrophages of essential hypertensive patients. Methods Totally 57 essential hypertensive patients were randomly divided into three groups: conventional treatment group (n=18), telmisartan group (n=19), and benazepril ...
Kim Bu Kyung - - 2012
It has been reported that arterial stiffness assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV) can predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Metabolic syndrome and smoking are independently associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of smoking on the relationship between metabolic syndrome ...
Zhang Pu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE.: Exploring the use of echo-tracking (ET) for evaluating changes in carotid artery wall elasticity after smoking cessation. METHODS.: Carotid artery ultrasound examination was performed in 67 male patients before and after smoking cessation treatment, for measurement of intimal media thickness (IMT), and ET measurement of wall elasticity variables, ie, ...
Haak Carol E - - 2012
To compare the use of polymerized stroma-free bovine hemoglobin (Hb-200) and 6% hetastarch 450/0.7 (HES 450/0.7) in 0.9% saline during fluid resuscitation of dogs with gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV). Prospective, randomized clinical case series. Private specialty and referral clinic. Twenty client-owned dogs presenting with GDV. Dogs presenting with GDV and abnormal ...
Mieczkowska Jolanta - - 2012
Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between smoking and arterial hypertension as well as endothelial dysfunction in postmenopausal women without clinically manifested symptoms of atherosclerosis. The study groups consisted of 35 current smokers and 45 nonsmokers. The ...
Neldam Steen S Rødovre Centrum, Rødovre, - - 2012
Two 8-week, randomized, double-blind, controlled studies previously evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of single-pill combinations of telmisartan 40-80 mg/amlodipine 5-10 mg (T40-80/A5-10) in patients with hypertension not at diastolic blood pressure (DBP) goal (DBP <90 mm Hg) after 6 weeks of amlodipine 5 mg monotherapy (A5) (TEAMSTA-5) or amlodipine 10 ...
Luke Joanne N JN Onemda VicHealth Koori Health Unit, Centre for Health and Society, School of Population Health, University of Melbourne, Australia. - - 2013
For Aboriginal populations, predicting individuals at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is difficult due to limitations and inaccuracy in existing risk-prediction algorithms. We examined conventional and novel risk factors associated with insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome and assessed their relationships with subsequent CVD events. Longitudinal cohort. Aboriginal people (n ...
Dueck Ron - - 2012
The Tensys TL-200(®) noninvasive beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) monitor displays continuous radial artery waveform as well as systolic, mean and diastolic BP from a pressure sensor directly over the radial artery at the wrist. It locates the site of maximal radial pulse signal, determines mean BP from maximal pulse waveform ...
Ward Alison M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Examine the relationship between home blood pressure (BP) and risk for all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events. METHODS:: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies of home BP. Primary outcomes were all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events. We extracted hazard ratios and 95% confidence ...
Khoshrang Hosein - - 2012
Nowadays Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is performed in prone and supine positions. Physiologic solutions should be used to irrigate during PCNL. Irrigation can cause hemodynamic, electrolyte and acid-base changes during PCNL. The current study aimed to compare the electrolyte, hemodynamic and metabolic changes of prone and complete supine PCNL. It was ...
Shaikh Rizwana B - - 2012
Background: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) tobacco use is rampant. A less reported, yet widely used form of smoking native to UAE is midwakh or dhokha. The aim of the study is to assess the acute effects of smoking dokha (Arabian pipe) on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems among ...
Yin Rui-Xing - - 2012
The interactions of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and cigarette smoking on blood pressure levels are limited. The present study was undertaken to detect nine lipid-related SNPs and their interactions with cigarette smoking on blood pressure levels. Genotyping of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA-1) V825I, acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1) rs1044925, low density ...
Yoshii Hidenori H Department of Medicine, Diabetes and Endocrinology, Juntendo Tokyo Koto Geriatric Medical - - 2011
Aims/Introduction:  Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARB) are regarded as first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes with hypertension. However, lowering blood pressure to the target level often requires more than one antihypertensive agent as recommended by the guideline. In this open-label, prospective, crossover clinical trial, we compared the effects of combination treatment ...
Boriosi Juan P JP Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA. - - 2011
To assess the safety and efficacy of a recruitment maneuver, the Open Lung Tool, in pediatric patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Prospective cohort study using a repeated-measures design. Pediatric intensive care unit at an urban tertiary children's hospital. Twenty-one ventilated pediatric patients with acute lung ...
Lu Guo-Ping - - 2011
: To evaluate the effect of continuous veno-venous hemodialysis filtration (CVVHDF) on cardiopulmonary function and clearance of inflammatory mediators in piglets with endotoxin-induced acute lung injury. : A randomized controlled trial. : An animal laboratory in a tertiary care pediatric center. : Eighteen piglets, weighing 6-8 kg. : The piglets ...
Siennicki-Lantz Arkadiusz - - 2011
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) decline has been reported in octogenarians. The aim was to study if it could be observed while measuring SBP with two methods: Korotkoff (K-BP) and Strain-Gauge-Finger-Plethysmography (SG-BP), and which of them were more reliable in expressing vascular burden. A cohort of 703 men from a population ...
Loring Stephen H SH Dipartimento di Fisiologia Umana, Università degli Studi di Milano, and Servizio di Coagulazione, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy. - - 2010
To see whether in acute lung injury 1) compression of the lungs caused by thoracoabdominal constriction degrades lung function and worsens ventilator-induced lung injury; and 2) maintaining end-expiratory transpulmonary pressure by increasing positive end-expiratory pressure reduces the deleterious effects of chest wall constriction. Experimental study in rats. Physiology laboratory. Acute ...
van Heerde M - - 2010
Maintenance of spontaneous breathing is advocated in mechanical ventilation. This study evaluates the effect of spontaneous breathing on regional lung characteristics during high-frequency oscillatory (HFO) ventilation in an animal model of mild lung injury. Lung injury was induced by lavage with normal saline in eight pigs (weight range 47-64 kg). ...
Santiago Viviane R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In acute lung injury, recruitment maneuvers have been used to open collapsed lungs and set positive end-expiratory pressure, but their effectiveness may depend on the degree of lung injury. This study uses a single experimental model with different degrees of lung injury and tests the hypothesis that recruitment maneuvers ...
Levesque Eric - - 2011
Ascites may contribute to the loss of lung volume and alter the gas exchange in cirrhotic patients with acute lung injury (ALI). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of paracentesis on respiratory parameters in ventilated cirrhotic patients with ALI. This was a prospective trial in an ...
Kee Kirk - - 2010
Heart failure (HF) is a highly prevalent disease that leads to significant morbidity and mortality. There is increasing evidence that the symptoms of HF are exacerbated by its deleterious effects on lung function. HF appears to cause airway obstruction acutely and leads to impaired gas diffusing capacity and pulmonary hypertension ...
Hopkins Susan R - - 2010
There is a gravitational influence on pulmonary perfusion, including in the most dependent lung, where perfusion is reduced, termed Zone 4. Studies using xenon-133 show Zone 4 behaviour, present in the dependent 4 cm at total lung capacity (TLC), affects the dependent 11 cm at functional residual capacity (FRC) and ...
Yang Mikyung M Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-Dong, Kangnam-Gu, Seoul, Korea, - - 2011
Protective ventilation strategy has been shown to reduce ventilator-induced lung injury in patients with ARDS. In this study, we questioned whether protective ventilatory settings would attenuate lung impairment during one-lung ventilation (OLV) compared with conventional ventilation in patients undergoing lung resection surgery. One hundred patients with American Society of Anesthesiology ...
Sanchez-Lorente David - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the safety and feasibility of obtaining total respiratory support during 72 hours using a pump-driven (Levitronix CentriMag; Levitronix LLC, Waltham, Mass) venous-venous extracorporeal lung membrane (Novalung; Novalung GmbH, Hechingen, Germany) attached through a single double-lumen cannula (Novalung) into the femoral or jugular vein in pigs. ...
Pratali Lorenza - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The ultrasound lung comets detected by chest sonography are a simple, noninvasive, semiquantitative sign of increased extravascular lung water. The aim of this study was to evaluate, by chest sonography, the incidence of interstitial pulmonary edema in recreational high-altitude climbers. DESIGN: Observational study. SUBJECTS: Eighteen healthy subjects (mean age ...
Roubliova Xenia I - - 2010
Fetal lung development may be impaired by some congenital anomalies or in utero events. Animal models are used to understand the pathophysiology of these diseases and explore therapeutic strategies. Our group has an interest in the prenatal management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Isolated CDH remains associated with a 30% ...
Maina J N - - 2010
Recent findings are reported about certain aspects of the structure and function of the mammalian and avian lungs that include (a) the architecture of the air capillaries (ACs) and the blood capillaries (BCs); (b) the pulmonary blood capillary circulatory dynamics; (c) the adaptive molecular, cellular, biochemical, compositional, and developmental characteristics ...
Ren B - - 2010
The aim of this study was to develop a porcine model of left single lung auto-transplantation. Eighteen 50-kg male domestic pigs underwent left pneumonectomy and lobar lung auto-transplantation (left lower lobe). Each animal was allocated to a perfusion protocol during surgery: group I, cold saline (n = 6); group II, ...
Germerott Tanja - - 2010
Although postmortem imaging has gained prominence in the field of forensic medicine, evaluation of the postmortem lung remains problematic. Specifically, differentiation of normal postmortem changes and pathological pulmonary changes is challenging and at times impossible. In this study, five corpses were ventilated using a mechanical ventilator with a pressure of ...
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