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Conway Valérie - - 2013
Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) found in buttermilk is rich in unique bioactive proteins. Several studies suggest that MFGM proteins possess biological activities such as cholesterol-lowering, antiviral, antibacterial, and anticancer properties, but data in humans are lacking. Furthermore, to our knowledge, no study has yet investigated the antihypertensive potential of ...
Chen Yi-Yu - - 2013
To observe the effect of Qingxuan Granule () on blood pressure variability of hypertensive patients with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study was a stratified, randomized, doubled-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Ninety mild and moderate hypertensive patients with yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity syndrome were enrolled. Each patient received ...
Khan Asim Ali AA Department of Moalejat(Medicine), Faculty of Medicine, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a Unani formulation in hypertension. A total of 90 patients with total cholesterol level of more than 220 mg/dl with associated conditions were included in this study. A total of 30 patients having a mean systolic blood pressure (BP) ...
Du Shuang-Kui - - 2013
Ground cotton stalks were pretreated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at concentrations of 1-4% (w/v), pressures of 30-130kPa, durations of 15-75min, and liquid/solid ratios of 10:1-30:1. Modeling of the high pressure assist-alkali pretreatment (HPAP) of cotton stalk was attempted. The levels of NaOH concentration, pressure, and duration were optimized using a ...
Kim Eung Ju - - 2013
Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers have shown clinical outcomes superior to those of the beta (β)-blocker atenolol, despite similar reductions in the peripheral blood pressure (BP), perhaps because of different impacts on central hemodynamics. However, few comparative studies of RAS blockers and newer vasodilating β-blockers have been performed. We compared the ...
Ashraf Rizwan - - 2013
The present study evaluated the effects of garlic on blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. Patients (n=210) with stage 1 essential hypertension were divided into 7 groups named as A, B, C, D, E, F and G. Each group comprised of 30 patients. Each patient in group A, B, ...
Lan Yan - - 2013
Contribution of the vestibular end organ to regulation of arterial pressure was quantitatively compared with the role of baroreceptors in terms of baroreflex sensitivity and c-Fos protein expression in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). Baroreflex sensitivity and c-Fos protein expression in the RVLM were measured in conscious rats that had ...
Khattab Ahmed A - - 2013
Aims: To investigate a pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion (PICSO) system in an ischaemia/reperfusion model. Methods and results: We randomly assigned 18 pigs subjected to 60 minutes ischaemia by left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery balloon occlusion to PICSO (n=12, groups A and B) or to controls (n=6, group C). ...
Louër Anne-Claire - - 2013
We investigate the preconcentration profiles of a fluorescein and bovine serum albumine derivatized with this fluorescent tag in a microfluidic chip bearing a nanoslit. A new preconcentration method in which a hydrodynamic pressure is added to both electroosmotic and electrophoretic contributions is proposed to monitor the location of the preconcentration ...
Chapovsky P L - - 2013
A theoretical model of the nuclear spin isomer conversion in C2H4 induced by the intramolecular spin-spin interaction between hydrogen nuclei has been developed. In the ground electronic state, C2H4 has four nuclear spin isomers in contrast to two isomers in the molecules studied so far in this field of research. ...
Mozaffari-Khosravi Hassan - - 2013
ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of herbal medicines including different types of tea is among the different strategies for preventing and controlling the side-effects of diabetes. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of sour tea and green tea on mildly hypertensive patients with diabetes. Methods: The ...
Chen Ting - - 2013
Combination therapy is an effective method to reduce the blood pressure (BP) for patients with hypertension. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of benazepril/lercanidipine compared with benazepril alone in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. One hundred and eighty-one patients with mild-to-moderate primary hypertension were assigned in this ...
Feng Chao-Hui - - 2013
The effects of agitation (1002rpm), different pressure reduction rates (60 and 100mbar/min), as well as employing cold water with different initial temperatures (IWT: 7 and 20°C) on immersion vacuum cooling (IVC) of cooked pork hams were experimentally investigated. Final pork ham core temperature, cooling time, cooling loss, texture properties, colour ...
Oigman Wille - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fixed-dose combinations of antihypertensive agents demonstrate advantages in terms of efficacy, tolerability, and treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of 2 ramipril and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) fixed-dose combinations in patients with hypertension stage 1 or 2. Patients' blood pressure (BP) profiles were evaluated ...
Hübner Martin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal analgesia and avoidance of perioperative fluid overload are key items within enhanced recovery pathways. Potential side effects include hypotension and renal dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: From January 2010 until May 2010, all patients undergoing colorectal surgery within enhanced recovery pathways were included in this retrospective cohort study and were ...
Kim Mi-Hyun - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the dietary intakes of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and manganese (Mn) and investigate their correlation with blood pressure and blood lipids. Targeting 258 healthy men and women, blood pressure was measured, and blood samples ...
Nematbakhsh Mehdi - - 2013
Hypertension is the most common disease in the world. In Iranian folk medicine, unripe grape juice has been used as antihypertention remedy, but no data is documented for this popular belief. This study was designed to determine the effect of unripe grape extract (UGE) on blood pressure and the response ...
Noori Nazanin N Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
This study was designed to investigate the effects of combined administration of lipoic acid and pyridoxine on albuminuria, oxidative stress, blood pressure, serum advanced glycation end-products, nitric oxide (NO), and endothelin-1 in patients with diabetic nephropathy. Thirty-four patients were randomly assigned to either a supplement group or a placebo group. ...
Olszowy Pawel P PP Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, - - 2013
Pressure-assisted digestion of proteins, also known as pressure cycling technology (PCT), using a Barocycler NEP 2320 was compared with the conventional method using atmospheric pressure. Our objective was to demonstrate that PCT provides more controlled enzymatic digestion of proteins than prolonged digestion at atmospheric pressure ranging from 18 to 24 ...
Porot Véronique - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Nippy Clearway® is a new mechanical insufflator-exsufflator device used to assist cough. We assessed its capability to generate peak expiratory flow (PEF). METHODS: Nippy Clearway® was compared to Cough Assist® in bench experiment. The relationships between PEF and pressure at the airway opening during exsufflation (Pao,exp min) were investigated ...
Iyalomhe Godfrey B S - - 2013
In order to evaluate whether amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide would be preferable to initiate therapy, 90 untreated hypertensive Nigerians of both genders aged 31-86 years with blood pressure >160/90 and ≤180/120 mm Hg were recruited into a randomized 48-week study. Patients, 30 each in amlodipine, hydrochlorothiazide, and amlodipine-hydrochlorothiazide groups, were treated, ...
Kim W H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery performed with a patient in the Trendelenburg position is known to have adverse effects on pulmonary gas exchange and respiratory mechanics. We supposed that prolonged inspiratory time can improve gas exchange at lower airway pressure. METHODS: One hundred patients undergoing gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery were randomly assigned to ...
Ince Icten E - - 2013
: Short hemato-oncologic procedures are often painful in children, and sedation should be performed outside the operating room. : The study aims to compare the effects of remifentanil with those of fentanyl administered during short hemato-oncologic interventions in children. : A prospective, randomized study was planned for 29 ASA I ...
Ki Ji Hoon - - 2013
According to the current guidelines for blood pressure monitoring, clinicians are recommended to measure blood pressure by completely exposing the upper arm. However, it is a common practice that blood pressure is measured with the cuff placed over the sleeve or with the sleeve rolled up. We therefore conducted this ...
Wang Tian-Zhan - - 2013
Microalbuminuria (MAU) is a key component of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and is an early sign of diabetic nephropathy as well. Although routine Western medicine treatments are given to MetS patients to control high blood pressure, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, some patients still experience progressive renal lesions and it is necessary to ...
Fallah Huseini H - - 2013
Nigella sativa L. seeds (N. sativa) have been used as a traditional remedy for a wide range of diseases including hypertension. The present study was performed to explore the effects of N. sativa oil on blood pressure (BP) in healthy volunteers. In a double-blind, randomized study, 70 healthy volunteers aged ...
Sagarad Suresh V SV Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Navodaya Medical College & Hospital , Raichur, - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the antihypertensive efficacy of the chlorthalidone and telmisartan combination in Indian hypertensive patients who remained uncontrolled after taking the hydrochlorothiazide and telmisartan combination. A total of 100 eligible patients were enrolled in this prospective, open label study. The patients were given ...
Butcher Kenneth S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute blood pressure (BP) reduction aimed at attenuation of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) expansion might also compromise cerebral blood flow (CBF). We tested the hypothesis that CBF in acute ICH patients is unaffected by BP reduction. METHODS: Patients with spontaneous ICH <24 hours after onset and systolic BP ...
Allaert F A - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the study was to examine the effect on blood pressure of replacing NaCl sea salt by NaCl + chitosan 3% (Symbiosal) during the diet and lifestyle improvement period prescribed to patients before any antihypertensive treatment. Methods: This was a double-blind, randomized, crossover, controlled clinical trial of ...
Gui-Ling Xie - - 2013
To determine the association between heart rate variability (HRV) and hypertension in Chinese children. The study was conducted in First Hospital of Jilin University, China. A total of 101 children were recruited in this study. They were divided into a high systolic blood pressure (SBP) group (HS group) and normal ...
Ciocoiu Manuela - - 2013
The aim of this study is to characterize the content of Aronia melanocarpa Elliott (black chokeberry) extract and also to estimate the influence of polyphenolic compounds contained in chokeberries on oxidative stress, on an L-NAME-induced experimental model of arterial hypertension. The rat blood pressure values were recorded using a CODA ...
Tong Xiao-Lin - - 2013
A prospective multicenter clinical trial was conducted to compare the beneficial effects of a Chinese herbal medicine formula Jiangzhuoqinggan (JZQG) and western antihypertension drug irbesartan. JZQG is mainly composed of rhubarb, coptis, cassia, and uncaria. A total of 240 patients with mild to moderate hypertension were enrolled in the trial. ...
Yoshitomi Yuji - - 2013
Currently there is no consensus regarding which add-on therapy to use in resistant hypertension. We have conducted an open observational study of the use of aliskiren in resistant hypertensive patients. Forty-three patients with resistant hypertension were included in the study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: 1) office blood pressure ...
Afolabi Ayobami Oladele - - 2013
There is on going controversy on the effect of experimentally induced hypertension on nociception. The effect of salt-loading-induced hypertension on pain was studied in male rats. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats (160-280 g) were divided into two groups. Group A (n = 12) was treated with normal-feed diet (control), while group ...
Baker Julien - - 2013
The aim of this study was to identify hypertension (HT) in karate competitors (KCs) in high intensity exercise. Values were compared with an exercise control group (EC). The 84 subjects were randomly divided into two groups: KC and EC. Resting blood pressure (BP) was measured the day before and immediately ...
Nurul-Iman Badlishah Sham - - 2013
This study was performed to explore the effects of virgin coconut oil (VCO) in male rats that were fed with repeatedly heated palm oil on blood pressure, plasma nitric oxide level, and vascular reactivity. Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: (i) control (basal diet), (ii) VCO (1.42 mL/kg, ...
Song Eunyoung - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to establish a protocol of retention-enema experiments and evaluate the antihypertensive effect and the safety of Gwakhyangjeonggi-san retention enema. Normal and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were divided into treatment and control groups, respectively. We applied the Gwakhyangjeonggi-san extract by decoction and 0.9% NaCl in ...
Chiu Yu-Ting - - 2013
Rice is a staple carbohydrate throughout much of the world. Previous work indicated that resistant starch (RS) content of rice consumed in India varied with rice variety and cooking method. This study quantified RS in 4 white rice varieties (jasmine, long grain, medium grain, and short grain) cooked in three ...
Hosseinzadeh Payam - - 2013
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Brewer's yeast supplementation on serum lipoproteins and blood pressure in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In a randomized double blind clinical trial, 90 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus were recruited, and divided randomly into 2 groups, trial group received ...
Supa'at Izreen - - 2013
Swedish Massage Therapy (SMT) is known for its therapeutic relaxation effects. Hypertension is associated with stress and elevated endothelial inflammatory markers. This randomized control trial measured the effects of whole body SMT (massage group) or resting (control group) an hour weekly for four weeks on hypertensive women. Blood pressure (BP) ...
Shukla Gyanendra - - 2013
Considering high prevalence and the need to look for alternative medicine, essential hypertension was screened in light of Vata-Pitta Pradhana Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara as mentioned by Acharya Charaka. Comparing the etiological factors, symptomatology, and complications with Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara with that of essential hypertension, a striking similarity was revealed. To ...
Arao Tadashi T The First Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu 807-8555, Japan. - - 2013
We performed a crossover study in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes to compare olmesartan (40 mg/day) with telmisartan (80 mg/day) in terms of their antihypertensive and metabolic effects. The subjects were 36 patients (20 men and 16 women) with type 2 diabetes who did not achieve a blood pressure ...
Saensak Suprawita S Academic Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, Thailand ; Department of community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai - - 2013
To examine the effectiveness of a modified relaxation (MR) technique in reducing blood pressure levels in Thai postmenopausal women with mild hypertension, compared with a control group who received health education. This is a 16-week, randomized, parallel, open-label, controlled trial in a menopausal clinic in a tertiary health care center ...
Derosa G - - 2012
What is known and Objective:  To evaluate the effects of an olmesartan/amlodipine single pill combination compared with olmesartan or amlodipine monotherapies on blood pressure control, lipid profile, insulin sensitivity and some adipocytokines levels. Methods:  Two hundred and seventy-six patients were enroled in the study and were randomly assigned to take ...
Ke Yuan-Nan - - 2012
Aims: ADVISE was a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, prospective, open-label, parallel-group study comparing combination therapy of nifedipine GITS 30 mg plus valsartan 80 mg (N + V) with high-dose valsartan (160 mg) monotherapy (V160) in Asian patients with hypertension. Methods: Patients with hypertension inadequately controlled with valsartan 80 mg for at least 4 weeks were randomized. The coprimary ...
Ried K - - 2013
Hypertension affects about 30% of adults worldwide. Garlic has blood pressure-lowering properties and the mechanism of action is biologically plausible. Our trial assessed the effect, dose-response, tolerability and acceptability of different doses of aged garlic extract as an adjunct treatment to existing antihypertensive medication in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. A ...
Spanos Georgios - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a critical approach to the management of hypertension, especially in proteinuric patients. It is well proven that the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren shows comparable clinical efficacy to the angiotensin II receptor blocker valsartan on blood pressure control and albuminuria. However, there is ...
Nijem Nour - - 2012
Separation of hydrocarbons is one of the most energy demanding processes. The need to develop materials for the selective adsorption of hydrocarbons, under reasonable conditions, is therefore of paramount importance. This work unveils unexpected hydrocarbon selectivity in a flexible Metal Organic Framework (MOF), based on differences in their gate opening ...
Martin Amanda L - - 2012
Perfluorocarbon (PFC) nanodroplets (NDs) have been proposed as phase-change contrast agents for ultrasound imaging. Since the ultrasound energy required to convert PFC droplets to microbubbles is inversely related to size, the conversion of PFC NDs at clinically-relevant pressures is challenging. We propose that if PFC NDs can accumulate in a ...
Ke Yuan-Nan - - 2012
AIMS: ADVISE was a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, prospective, open-label, parallel-group study comparing combination therapy of nifedipine GITS 30 mg plus valsartan 80 mg (N+V) with high-dose valsartan (160 mg) monotherapy (V160) in Asian hypertensive patients. METHODS: Patients with hypertension inadequately controlled with valsartan 80 mg for at least 4 weeks ...
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