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Leskinen Miia H MH Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere, - - 2014
Liquorice ingestion often elevates blood pressure, but the detailed haemodynamic alterations are unknown. We studied haemodynamic changes induced by liquorice consumption in 20 subjects versus 30 controls with average blood pressures of 120/68 and 116/64 mmHg, respectively. Haemodynamic variables were measured in supine position before and after two weeks of ...
Shebani Suhair Omar SO East Midlands Congenital Heart Centre, Leicester Hospitals NHS Trust, Leicester, Leicestershire, - - 2014
Transcatheter atrial septal defect device implantation in elderly patients may cause acute pulmonary oedema when impaired left ventricular diastolic function causes an abrupt increase in left atrial pressure. Though left atrial pressure is often monitored during test occlusion of a defect, it is not clear at what cut-off value device ...
Wang Anxin A Department of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
To investigate potential associations between resting heart rate, blood pressure and the product of both, and the brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) as a maker of arterial stiffness. The community-based "Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities in Community (APAC) Study" examined asymptomatic polyvascular abnormalities in a general Chinese population and included participants with ...
Wyller Vegard Bruun VB Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, N-1478 Oslo, Norway ; Division of Medicine and Laboratory Sciences, Medical Faculty, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway ; Department of Pediatrics, Akershus University Hospital, Nordbyhagen, - - 2014
Orthostatic intolerance is common in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and several studies have documented an abnormal sympathetic predominance in the autonomic cardiovascular response to gravitational stimuli. The aim of this study was to explore whether the expectancies towards standing are contributors to autonomic responses in addition to the gravitational stimulus ...
Hara Tomoya T Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate - - 2014
A 70-year-old woman with dyspnea on exertion was admitted to our hospital. She had a history of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and repeated hospitalization for heart failure. Results of physical examination were normal except for leg edema. Echocardiography showed apical HCM with preserved LV systolic function (LVEF=70%). Although dyspnea on ...
Namdar Hossein H Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
The present research investigated the effects of two different types of music on cardiovascular responses in essential hypertensive men in comparison with healthy men based on introversion and extraversion. One hundred and thirteen hypertensive men referred to Madani Heart Hospital in Tabriz completed the NEO-FFI Questionnaire and after obtaining acceptable ...
Pourafkari Leili L Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Natriuretic peptides are secreted from the heart in response to increased wall stress. Their levels are expected to be increased in patients with mitral stenosis (MS) due to high left atrium (LA) pressure and pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) if successful is pursued by a rapid ...
Colman Rebecca R Pulmonary hypertension program, Toronto General Hospital, Division of Respirology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) often present with a variety of physical findings reflecting a volume or pressure overloaded right ventricle (RV). However, there is no consensus regarding the diagnostic utility of the physical examination in PH. We conducted a systematic review of publications that evaluated the clinical examination and ...
Wasilewski G G Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantology, Jagiellonian University, Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Cracow, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Renalase may degrade catecholamines and regulate sympathetic tone and blood pressure. The aim of this study was to assess dopamine, norepinephrine, and renalase in 80 heart transplant recipients and 22 healthy volunteers and their correlations with heart rate, blood pressure control, type of hypotensive therapy, and renal function. Renalase, dopamine, ...
Sobotka Kristina S KS The Ritchie Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
A cornerstone of neonatal resuscitation teaching suggests that a rapid vagal-mediated bradycardia is one of the first signs of perinatal compromise. As this understanding is based primarily on fetal studies, we investigated whether the heart rate and blood pressure response to total asphyxia is influenced by whether the animal is ...
Hanson Ben B Department of Mechanical Engineering, University College London London, - - 2014
Oscillations of arterial pressure occur spontaneously at a frequency of approximately 0.1 Hz coupled with synchronous oscillations of sympathetic nerve activity ("Mayer waves"). This study investigated the extent to which corresponding oscillations may occur in ventricular action potential duration (APD). Fourteen ambulatory (outpatient) heart failure patients with biventricular pacing devices ...
Jones Jenna B - - 2014
To explore the relationship between 24-hour blood pressure (BP) variability, heart rate (HR) variability, and transcranial Doppler velocity (TCDV) in a cohort of pediatric sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. This is a retrospective study of 11 children aged 8-18 years with SCD who previously underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring and ...
Liu Yang Y Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, - - 2014
Carotid-radial pulse wave velocity (PWV) normally decreases following hyperemia and is an indicator of vasodilator reserve. This response is impaired in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). To identify specific factors related to an impaired response, we studied 50 patients (60 ± 14 years, 67% male) with chronic CHF. Baseline PWV was measured ...
Xu Jingsong J Research Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases and Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
The postural change of pulse pressure (PP) in the persons with orthostatic hypertension (OHT) is unclear. This study included 2849 (65.0 ± 9.3 years) community participants. Blood pressures (BPs) in supine and standing positions were measured. The differences between upright and supine BP and PP were recorded as ΔBP and ΔPP. The criteria ...
Grainger Megan N C MN Department of Chemistry, University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton, New - - 2014
The effect of high pressure processing (HPP) on the conversion of dihydroxyacetone (DHA) to methylglyoxal (MGO) was examined in New Zealand mānuka honey and models thereof. The objective was to confirm that previously reported increases of MGO with HPP treatment originated from conversion of DHA. RP-HPLC was used to quantify ...
Yang Chun-Kang CK Department of Abdominal Surgery, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian 350014, China; Provincial Clinical College, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350014, - - 2013
The ability of pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic surgery to promote proliferation and metastasis of colorectal cancer has become a focus of research in the field of minimally invasive surgery. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of CO2 pneumoperitoneum under different pressures and exposed times on the expression ...
Kuriyama Satoru - - 2013
Applying a direct renin inhibitor (DRI) to advanced stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is a matter of controversy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the DRI, aliskiren, in patients with therapy-resistant hypertension undergoing hemodialysis (HD). The study was a prospective, randomized multicenter trial exploring ...
Wang Shutao - - 2013
Focused ultrasound, in the presence of microbubbles, has been used non-invasively to induce reversible blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening in both rodents and non-human primates. This study was aimed at identifying the dependence of BBB opening properties on polydisperse microbubble (all clinically approved microbubbles are polydisperse) type and distribution by using ...
- - 2013
The most challenging aspect of intravenously-administered drugs currently developed to treat central nervous system (CNS) diseases is their impermeability through the blood���brain barrier (BBB), a specialized vasculature system protecting the brain microenvironment. Focused ultrasound (FUS) in conjunction with systemically administered microbubbles has been shown to open the BBB locally, noninvasively, ...
Beshel Favour N - - 2013
The effects of chronic consumption of three types of palm oil diets on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF) and blood pressure were studied. Wistar rats were randomly assigned into four groups of ten rats each, respectively: control, fresh (FPO), photoxidized (PPO), thermoxidized (TPO) palm oil diet-fed rats. ...
Conway Valérie - - 2013
Milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) found in buttermilk is rich in unique bioactive proteins. Several studies suggest that MFGM proteins possess biological activities such as cholesterol-lowering, antiviral, antibacterial, and anticancer properties, but data in humans are lacking. Furthermore, to our knowledge, no study has yet investigated the antihypertensive potential of ...
Chen Yi-Yu - - 2013
To observe the effect of Qingxuan Granule () on blood pressure variability of hypertensive patients with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study was a stratified, randomized, doubled-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Ninety mild and moderate hypertensive patients with yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity syndrome were enrolled. Each patient received ...
Khan Asim Ali AA Department of Moalejat(Medicine), Faculty of Medicine, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a Unani formulation in hypertension. A total of 90 patients with total cholesterol level of more than 220 mg/dl with associated conditions were included in this study. A total of 30 patients having a mean systolic blood pressure (BP) ...
Du Shuang-Kui - - 2013
Ground cotton stalks were pretreated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at concentrations of 1-4% (w/v), pressures of 30-130kPa, durations of 15-75min, and liquid/solid ratios of 10:1-30:1. Modeling of the high pressure assist-alkali pretreatment (HPAP) of cotton stalk was attempted. The levels of NaOH concentration, pressure, and duration were optimized using a ...
Kim Eung Ju - - 2013
Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers have shown clinical outcomes superior to those of the beta (β)-blocker atenolol, despite similar reductions in the peripheral blood pressure (BP), perhaps because of different impacts on central hemodynamics. However, few comparative studies of RAS blockers and newer vasodilating β-blockers have been performed. We compared the ...
Ashraf Rizwan - - 2013
The present study evaluated the effects of garlic on blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. Patients (n=210) with stage 1 essential hypertension were divided into 7 groups named as A, B, C, D, E, F and G. Each group comprised of 30 patients. Each patient in group A, B, ...
Lan Yan - - 2013
Contribution of the vestibular end organ to regulation of arterial pressure was quantitatively compared with the role of baroreceptors in terms of baroreflex sensitivity and c-Fos protein expression in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). Baroreflex sensitivity and c-Fos protein expression in the RVLM were measured in conscious rats that had ...
Khattab Ahmed A - - 2013
Aims: To investigate a pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion (PICSO) system in an ischaemia/reperfusion model. Methods and results: We randomly assigned 18 pigs subjected to 60 minutes ischaemia by left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery balloon occlusion to PICSO (n=12, groups A and B) or to controls (n=6, group C). ...
Louër Anne-Claire - - 2013
We investigate the preconcentration profiles of a fluorescein and bovine serum albumine derivatized with this fluorescent tag in a microfluidic chip bearing a nanoslit. A new preconcentration method in which a hydrodynamic pressure is added to both electroosmotic and electrophoretic contributions is proposed to monitor the location of the preconcentration ...
Chapovsky P L - - 2013
A theoretical model of the nuclear spin isomer conversion in C2H4 induced by the intramolecular spin-spin interaction between hydrogen nuclei has been developed. In the ground electronic state, C2H4 has four nuclear spin isomers in contrast to two isomers in the molecules studied so far in this field of research. ...
Mozaffari-Khosravi Hassan - - 2013
ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of herbal medicines including different types of tea is among the different strategies for preventing and controlling the side-effects of diabetes. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of sour tea and green tea on mildly hypertensive patients with diabetes. Methods: The ...
Chen Ting - - 2013
Combination therapy is an effective method to reduce the blood pressure (BP) for patients with hypertension. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of benazepril/lercanidipine compared with benazepril alone in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. One hundred and eighty-one patients with mild-to-moderate primary hypertension were assigned in this ...
Bachman T N TN Vascular Medicine Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2013
We explored the possibility of using conventional right-heart catheterization data, gathered both prospectively and retrospectively, as a surrogate for high-fidelity micro-manometery when analyzing systolic and diastolic RV function and calculating various ventricular and pulmonary hemodynamic parameters in the time domain. Right heart catheterizations were performed on 13 patients (7 female), ...
Feng Chao-Hui - - 2013
The effects of agitation (1002rpm), different pressure reduction rates (60 and 100mbar/min), as well as employing cold water with different initial temperatures (IWT: 7 and 20°C) on immersion vacuum cooling (IVC) of cooked pork hams were experimentally investigated. Final pork ham core temperature, cooling time, cooling loss, texture properties, colour ...
Oigman Wille - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Fixed-dose combinations of antihypertensive agents demonstrate advantages in terms of efficacy, tolerability, and treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the efficacy and safety of 2 ramipril and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) fixed-dose combinations in patients with hypertension stage 1 or 2. Patients' blood pressure (BP) profiles were evaluated ...
Hübner Martin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal analgesia and avoidance of perioperative fluid overload are key items within enhanced recovery pathways. Potential side effects include hypotension and renal dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: From January 2010 until May 2010, all patients undergoing colorectal surgery within enhanced recovery pathways were included in this retrospective cohort study and were ...
Kim Mi-Hyun - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the dietary intakes of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and manganese (Mn) and investigate their correlation with blood pressure and blood lipids. Targeting 258 healthy men and women, blood pressure was measured, and blood samples ...
Nematbakhsh Mehdi - - 2013
Hypertension is the most common disease in the world. In Iranian folk medicine, unripe grape juice has been used as antihypertention remedy, but no data is documented for this popular belief. This study was designed to determine the effect of unripe grape extract (UGE) on blood pressure and the response ...
Noori Nazanin N Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
This study was designed to investigate the effects of combined administration of lipoic acid and pyridoxine on albuminuria, oxidative stress, blood pressure, serum advanced glycation end-products, nitric oxide (NO), and endothelin-1 in patients with diabetic nephropathy. Thirty-four patients were randomly assigned to either a supplement group or a placebo group. ...
Olszowy Pawel P PP Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, College of Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, - - 2013
Pressure-assisted digestion of proteins, also known as pressure cycling technology (PCT), using a Barocycler NEP 2320 was compared with the conventional method using atmospheric pressure. Our objective was to demonstrate that PCT provides more controlled enzymatic digestion of proteins than prolonged digestion at atmospheric pressure ranging from 18 to 24 ...
Porot Véronique - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Nippy Clearway® is a new mechanical insufflator-exsufflator device used to assist cough. We assessed its capability to generate peak expiratory flow (PEF). METHODS: Nippy Clearway® was compared to Cough Assist® in bench experiment. The relationships between PEF and pressure at the airway opening during exsufflation (Pao,exp min) were investigated ...
Iyalomhe Godfrey B S - - 2013
In order to evaluate whether amlodipine or hydrochlorothiazide would be preferable to initiate therapy, 90 untreated hypertensive Nigerians of both genders aged 31-86 years with blood pressure >160/90 and ≤180/120 mm Hg were recruited into a randomized 48-week study. Patients, 30 each in amlodipine, hydrochlorothiazide, and amlodipine-hydrochlorothiazide groups, were treated, ...
Kim W H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery performed with a patient in the Trendelenburg position is known to have adverse effects on pulmonary gas exchange and respiratory mechanics. We supposed that prolonged inspiratory time can improve gas exchange at lower airway pressure. METHODS: One hundred patients undergoing gynaecologic laparoscopic surgery were randomly assigned to ...
Ince Icten E - - 2013
: Short hemato-oncologic procedures are often painful in children, and sedation should be performed outside the operating room. : The study aims to compare the effects of remifentanil with those of fentanyl administered during short hemato-oncologic interventions in children. : A prospective, randomized study was planned for 29 ASA I ...
Ki Ji Hoon - - 2013
According to the current guidelines for blood pressure monitoring, clinicians are recommended to measure blood pressure by completely exposing the upper arm. However, it is a common practice that blood pressure is measured with the cuff placed over the sleeve or with the sleeve rolled up. We therefore conducted this ...
Wang Tian-Zhan - - 2013
Microalbuminuria (MAU) is a key component of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and is an early sign of diabetic nephropathy as well. Although routine Western medicine treatments are given to MetS patients to control high blood pressure, hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia, some patients still experience progressive renal lesions and it is necessary to ...
Fallah Huseini H - - 2013
Nigella sativa L. seeds (N. sativa) have been used as a traditional remedy for a wide range of diseases including hypertension. The present study was performed to explore the effects of N. sativa oil on blood pressure (BP) in healthy volunteers. In a double-blind, randomized study, 70 healthy volunteers aged ...
Sagarad Suresh V SV Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Navodaya Medical College & Hospital , Raichur, - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the antihypertensive efficacy of the chlorthalidone and telmisartan combination in Indian hypertensive patients who remained uncontrolled after taking the hydrochlorothiazide and telmisartan combination. A total of 100 eligible patients were enrolled in this prospective, open label study. The patients were given ...
Butcher Kenneth S - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute blood pressure (BP) reduction aimed at attenuation of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) expansion might also compromise cerebral blood flow (CBF). We tested the hypothesis that CBF in acute ICH patients is unaffected by BP reduction. METHODS: Patients with spontaneous ICH <24 hours after onset and systolic BP ...
Allaert F A - - 2013
Aim: The aim of the study was to examine the effect on blood pressure of replacing NaCl sea salt by NaCl + chitosan 3% (Symbiosal) during the diet and lifestyle improvement period prescribed to patients before any antihypertensive treatment. Methods: This was a double-blind, randomized, crossover, controlled clinical trial of ...
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