Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2478
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Fernández Maria-del-Mar - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in lung volume, oxygenation, airway pressure, and hemodynamic effects induced by suctioning with three systems in critically ill patients with mild-to-moderate lung disease, and also to evaluate the effects of hyperoxygenation applied prior to the maneuver as suggested by some guidelines. DESIGN: Prospective crossover study. SETTING: ...
Rocco Patricia R M - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the time course of in vivo and in vitro respiratory mechanics and examine whether these parameters could reflect the temporal changes in lung parenchyma remodelling in paraquat (PQ)-induced lung injury. Measurements were done 1, 3 and 8 weeks after the intraperitoneal (i.p.) ...
Franke Ulrich F W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Despite favorable experimental results and an encouraging early experience in humans, isolated lung perfusion (ILP) for treatment of metastases is still not established clinically. The complexity of the procedure as well as poor knowledge regarding the technical necessities of lung perfusion represents major limitations. METHODS: In this novel in ...
Bacuzzi Alessandro - - 2004
Surgery, when feasible, rappresents the treatment of choice for lung cancer. Several problems can come to the attention of the anesthesiologist in relation to the respiratory function with implications in airway control (double-lumen tube for lung collapse required for better surgical exposure of the pulmonary tissue), mechanical and gas-exchange aspects ...
Luh Shi-Ping - - 2004
Pleural tears usually occur after pneumolysis for dense adhesion or after cone biopsy of lung parenchyma. Repair of the tears is sometimes very difficult. Herein we compared different methods on a pig lung air leak model. Twenty pigs with pleural tears by surgical manipulation through sternotomy were not treated (n ...
Yang S S - - 2005
To test the hypothesis that intrapulmonary perfluorochemical (PFC) liquid may induce hypothermia, and to compare the effects of internal (IC), external (EC), and combined cooling techniques (EC + IC), 14 juvenile rabbits were randomized to EC by a cold blanket (4 degrees C, n = 5), IC by intrapulmonary cold ...
Brégeon Fabienne - - 2004
Because we already showed (Brégeon, F., Roch, A., Delpierre, S., Ghigo, E., Autillo-Touati, A., Kajikawa, O., Martin, T., Pugin, J., Portugal, H., Auffray, J., Jammes, Y., 2002. Conventional mechanical ventilation of healthy lungs induced pro-inflammatory cytokine gene transcription, Respir. Physiol. Neurobiol. 132, 191-203) that non-injurious mechanical ventilation (MV) elicited inflammatory ...
MacIntyre Neil R - - 2004
Airspace collapse is a hallmark of parenchymal lung injury. Strategies to reopen and maintain patency of these regions offer three advantages: improved gas exchange, less ventilator-induced lung injury, and improved lung compliance. Elevations in intrathoracic pressure to achieve these goals, however, may overdistend healthier lung regions and compromise cardiac function. ...
Kim Ha Young - - 2004
In acute respiratory distress syndrome, computed tomography (CT) typically demonstrates symmetric ground-glass opacity and gravity-dependent consolidation when patients are positioned supine. Moreover, CT findings may vary according to the evolutional stage of the disease over time. The slope of the pressure-volume curve, which is a direct or indirect measure of ...
Carpenter Todd - - 2004
Acute lung injury remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in paediatric intensive care units. Research over the past decade has altered our understanding of the pathophysiology of acute lung injury and the effects of mechanical ventilation on the lung. As a result, approaches to conventional mechanical ventilation of ...
Broccard Alain F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether nitric oxide (NO) might modulate ventilator-induced lung injury. DESIGN: Randomized prospective animal study. SETTING: Animal research laboratory in a university hospital. SUBJECTS: Isolated, perfused rabbit heart-lung preparation. INTERVENTIONS: Thirty-six isolated, perfused rabbit lungs were randomized into six groups (n = 6) and ventilated using pressure-controlled ventilation ...
Albaiceta Guillermo M - - 2004
The inflection points of the pressure-volume curve have been used for setting mechanical ventilation in patients with acute lung injury. However, the lung status at these points has never been specifically addressed. In 12 patients with early lung injury we traced both limbs of the pressure-volume curve by means of ...
Lapinsky Stephen E - - 2005
In patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the lung comprises areas of aeration and areas of alveolar collapse, the latter producing intrapulmonary shunt and hypoxemia. The currently suggested strategy of ventilation with low lung volumes can aggravate lung collapse and potentially produce lung injury through shear stress at the ...
Beckmann Nicolau - - 2004
Proton signals from lung parenchyma were detected with the use of a gradient-echo sequence to noninvasively obtain information on pulmonary function in models of airway diseases in rats. Initial measurements carried out in artificially ventilated control rats revealed a highly significant negative correlation between the parenchymal signal and the partial ...
Su Fuhong - - 2004
Recent studies have indicated that protective lung strategies may improve outcomes in acute lung injury. We hypothesized that the use of a lower tidal volume early during septic shock may protect against the subsequent development of acute lung injury. Fourteen fasted, anesthetized, invasively monitored, mechanically ventilated, female sheep (26.4 +/- ...
Roth H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is still controversy about the optimal inspiratory flow pattern for ventilation of patients with acute lung injury. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) with a decelerating inspiratory flow with volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) with constant inspiratory flow on pulmonary gas distribution ...
Gattinoni Luciano - - 2004
In the last several years, we definitely learned that the acute respiratory distress syndrome lung is small, nonhomogeneous, and that mechanical ventilation in this baby lung may cause physical damage as well as inflammatory reaction. The clinical benefit of the gentle lung treatment, based on a decrease of global/regional stress ...
McVerry Bryan J - - 2004
Excessive mechanical stress is a key component of ventilator-associated lung injury, resulting in profound vascular leak and an intense inflammatory response. To extend our in vitro observations concerning the barrier-protective effects of the lipid growth factor sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph 1-P), we assessed the ability of Sph 1-P to prevent regional ...
Rizi Rahim R - - 2004
Alveolar ventilation/perfusion ratio (VA/Q) is a key parameter in functional imaging of the lung. Herein, regional VA/Q was calculated from regional values of alveolar partial pressure of oxygen (PAO2) measured by hyperpolarized 3He gas MRI (HP 3He MRI). Yorkshire pigs (n = 7, mean weight = 25 kg) were paralyzed ...
Nieszkowska Ania - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: In patients with acute lung injury, alveolar recruitment resulting from positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) may be associated with overinflation of previously aerated lung regions. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and regional distribution of lung overinflation resulting from mechanical ventilation with PEEP. DESIGN: Reanalysis with ...
Schimmel Carmel - - 2004
We studied the airway gas exchange properties of five inert gases with different blood solubilities in the lungs of anesthetized sheep. Animals were ventilated through a bifurcated endobronchial tube to allow independent ventilation and collection of exhaled gases from each lung. An aortic pouch at the origin of the bronchial ...
Peták Ferenc - - 2004
The involvement of pulmonary circulation in the mechanical properties was studied in isolated rat lungs. Pulmonary input impedance (ZL) was measured at a mean transpulmonary pressure (Ptpmean) of 2 cmH2O before and after physiological perfusion with either blood or albumin. In these lungs and in a group of unperfused lungs, ...
Dias Cristina Márcia - - 2004
Undernutrition thwarts lung structure and function, but there are disagreements about the behavior of lung mechanics in malnourished animals. To clarify this issue, lung and chest wall mechanical properties were subdivided into their resistive, elastic, and viscoelastic properties in nutritionally deprived (ND) rats and correlated with the data gathered from ...
Almgren B - - 2004
Endotracheal suction can cause partial lung collapse and hypoxia and alter lung mechanics. We investigated the effects of adding a recruitment manoeuvre directly after endotracheal suction to restore lung volume in volume-controlled ventilation and pressure-controlled ventilation modes. Five anaesthetized pigs were investigated. The effects of endotracheal suction with or without ...
Faybik Peter - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of iced versus room (RT) temperature single transpulmonary thermodilution (STPD) measurements for cardiac output, intra-thoracic blood, volume and extravascular lung water. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 15 critically ill patients in a surgical intensive care unit with sepsis/septic shock (n = 8), pancreatitis (n = ...
Heller H - - 2004
Because lung nitric oxide (NO) diffusing capacity (DL) represents alveolar-capillary gas diffusion, we queried as to whether disturbances of pulmonary gas exchange in interstitial lung disease (ILD) are appropriately reflected by using NO. In this pilot study, we applied the (15)N-labeled stable isotope (15)NO (relative abundance 0.37% of total NO) ...
Tusman Gerardo - - 2004
Atelectasis in the dependent lung during one-lung ventilation (OLV) impairs arterial oxygenation and increases dead space. We studied the effect of an alveolar recruitment strategy (ARS) on gas exchange and lung efficiency during OLV by using the single-breath test of CO(2) (SBT-CO(2)). Twelve patients undergoing thoracic surgery were studied at ...
Goland Sorel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of dipyridamole-induced abnormal increased T1-201 lung uptake in patients without coronary artery disease is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation between dipyridamole-induced abnormal T1-201 lung uptake and left ventricular (LV) diastolic indexes using Doppler, color M-mode and Tissue Doppler modalities at ...
Frazer David G - - 2004
Experimental evidence suggests that the lung behaves as if it is composed of a large population of units which are recruited and derecruited during lung expansion and contraction. This study combines two previous models in order to estimate the probability distribution function describing lung unit opening pressures and the resulting ...
Dobson Alan - - 2004
Cardiomegaly and accompanying complications contribute to morbidity and mortality in patients on hemodialysis. Our objective is to provide a measure of heart blood volume from data collected during routine measurement of cardiac output during hemodialysis. A heart model based upon the probability of transfer between chambers during a cardiac cycle ...
Soutiere Shawn E - - 2004
Maximal lung volume or total lung capacity in experimental animals is dependent on the pressure to which the lungs are inflated. Although 25-30 cm H2O are nominally used for such inflations, mouse pressure-volume (P-V) curves show little flattening on inflation to those pressures. In the present study, we examined P-V ...
Wang T - - 2004
Arterial blood pressure (P(b)), pulmocutaneous blood flow (Q(pc)), heart rate (f(H)), and fictive ventilation (motor activity in the Vth cranial nerve, V(int)), were recorded from decerebrated, paralysed toads receiving unidirectional ventilation with experimental gas mixtures over a range of lung inflation. At the onset of spontaneous bouts of fictive ventilation, ...
Kenkel Jeffrey M - - 2004
Liposuction is a procedure that allows the surgical removal of excess adipose tissue in healthy individuals. Lipoplasty is commonly performed with few clinical side effects. However, with increased lipoaspirate volumes, complications have been reported. In addition, the abnormal appearance of fat cells in other tissues subsequent to lipoplasty has been ...
Leuchte Hanno H - - 2004
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) can develop in lung fibrosis, and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. Noninvasive parameters in the evaluation of PH in lung disease could aid in the management of these subjects. In this study, we aimed to characterize the role of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the six-minute ...
Marini J J - - 2004
Clinicians managing acute lung injury must reconcile the competing objectives of ensuring adequate oxygen delivery and minimizing the adverse effects of ventilatory support. Judging from our experimental work, microvascular stresses appear to be a potent cofactor in the development of pulmonary edema as well as in the expression of lung ...
Gudmundsson F F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) elevates thoracic pressure and airway pressures and reduces lung compliance in humans and laboratory animals. We studied respiratory alterations and arterial blood gas changes in pigs with IAP maintained at 20 mmHg or 30 mmHg for 3 h. METHODS: Domestic pigs of both sexes weighing ...
Luh Shi-Ping - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reperfusion injury remains a common problem in lung transplantation. This study compared the effect of lung preservation with histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), a relatively low potassium solution, and Euro-Collins (EC) solution by using a minipig in situ model of warm ischemia. METHODS: The left lungs of 5 minipigs were ...
Wang Jianpu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology and treatment of chlorine gas-induced acute lung injury is poorly characterized and based on anecdotal data. This study aimed to assess the effects of aerosolized beta-2 adrenergic agonist and corticosteroid therapy on chlorine gas-induced lung injury. METHODS: Anesthetized, ventilated pigs were exposed to chlorine gas (400 parts ...
Wittwer Thorsten - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Optimal preservation of postischemic organ function is a continuing challenge in clinical lung transplantation. Retrograde instillation of preservation solutions has theoretical advantages to achieve a homogeneous distribution in the lung due to perfusion of both the pulmonary and the bronchial circulation. Thus far, no systematic screening studies followed by ...
Bigatello L M - - 2004
Primary Acute Lung Injury (ALI) after lung resection (or "post-pneumonectomy pulmonary edema") is a rare form of acute respiratory failure characterized by dyspnea, hypoxemia, diffuse infiltrates on chest radiogram, and rapid evolution often unresponsive to therapy. ALI occurs almost exclusively following pneumonectomy, within 3 days from surgery and without a ...
Peratoner A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Propofol is able to reduce airway resistance in lungs with previous airway constriction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of propofol on respiratory mechanics in normal rats and to correlate these parameters with lung histology, to define the sites of action of propofol. METHODS: Sixteen ...
Weissmann Norbert - - 2004
Exhaled H2O2 is considered an indicator of lung inflammatory and oxidative stress. Moreover, H2O2 may be involved in signal transduction processes. It is not fully elucidated to what extent (i) H2O2 escapes from the intravascular compartment, and (ii) pulmonary H2O2 generation and nasopharyngeal H2O2 generation contribute to exhaled H2O2. We ...
van Genderingen Huibert R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of electrical impedance tomography for the assessment of regional lung mechanics during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). DESIGN: Prospective, interventional animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Eight pigs with lavage-induced lung injury. INTERVENTIONS: Electrical impedance tomography measurements were performed during a pressure-volume maneuver and during ...
Chen Jein-Wen - - 2004
A simple size-dependent compartmental model was developed to describe airborne dust exposure dynamics for the human respiratory tract (HRT) in mechanically ventilated swine buildings. Transport mechanisms of airborne dust for HRT include respiration, gravitational settling, turbulent diffusive deposition, inertial impaction, interception deposition loss, and dust clearance. The dominant deposition mechanism ...
Tirabassi Michael V - - 2004
PURPOSE: Small intercostal spaces and limited pleural space significantly limits the use of 12-mm stapling devices in pediatric thoracoscopic surgery. The goal of this study was to compare sealing of lung tissue by the 5-mm Ligasure (Valley Lab, Boulder, CO) device to a standard 12-mm Endo-GIA stapler (US Surgical, Norwalk, ...
Lin Ken C - - 2004
The extent to which inflation of one lung increases pleural pressure around the contralateral lung could affect ventilatory function, e.g., after pneumonectomy or lung transplantation. The rise in contralateral pleural pressure is limited by mediastinal stiffness and other chest wall properties. To estimate these properties, we determined an elastance of ...
Funakoshi T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Re-expansion pulmonary oedema is a rare complication caused by rapid re-expansion of a chronically collapsed lung. Several cases of pulmonary oedema associated with one-lung ventilation (OLV) have been reported recently. Elevated levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in pulmonary oedema fluid are suggested to play important roles in its development. Activation ...
Kotani Mariko - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Acute lung injury induced by lung overstretch is associated with neutrophil influx, but the pathogenic role of neutrophils in overstretch-induced lung injury remains unclear. DESIGN: To assess the contribution of neutrophils, we compared the effects of noninjurious large tidal volume (Vt) ventilation on lungs in normal and neutrophil-depleted animals. ...
Andrade Cristiano Feijó - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate canine lungs obtained from non-heart-beating donors after unilateral lung transplantation subjected to partial liquid ventilation with perfluorodecalin. METHODS: Twelve donor dogs were killed and kept under mechanical ventilation for 3 hours. Heart-lung blocks were harvested after retrograde pulmonary hypothermic flush with ...
Rega Filip R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The use of lungs from nonheart-beating donors (NHBD) might significantly alleviate the organ shortage. Extending the preharvest interval in NHBD would facilitate distant organ retrieval. We hypothesized that prolonged topical cooling inside NHBD after 60 minutes of initial warm ischemia would not affect the pulmonary graft. METHODS: Domestic pigs ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >