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Results 401 - 450 of 1544
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Inoko M - - 2001
Sixteen patients with mild to moderate heart failure were examined to investigate whether sympathetic deactivation plays a role in the improvement in the failing heart by chronic angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition. Measurements, including echocardiography, blood examinations, neurohumoral samplings (atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), norepinephrine), and spectral ...
Kikuchi M - - 2001
Carperitide (synthetic atrial natriuretic peptide) is a newly developed drug for the treatment of heart failure. Although this drug has been used for various types of heart failure, it remains unknown whether it has additive effects on hemodynamic parameters or renal excretory function during intensive treatment for acute refractory heart ...
Kaufman S - - 2001
We investigated the effect of the NO donor SNAP (6.7 nM) on basal and stretch-induced ANF release from isolated perfused rat atria. There was no significant difference in basal ANF secretion between the vehicle- and SNAP-infused atria (SNAP: 388+/-63 pg. 100 microl(-1), n = 13 vs. vehicle: 349+/-26 pg. 100 ...
Abdulla H M - - 2001
Since the discovery of the natriuretic effect of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), a family of other natriuretic peptides similar to ANP were isolated, including atriopeptin, vessel dilator, long-acting natriuretic peptide, urodilatin, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) to name a few. ANP was noted to possess natriuretic and diuretic properties that ...
Fontana F - - 2001
Plasma opioid peptides, norepinephrine, atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and blood pressure (BP) were assessed in 24 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with acute respiratory failure. Hypoxemic-hypercapnic patients had high BP, beta-endorphin, Met-enkephalin and dynorphin B, whereas hypoxemic-normocapnic and hypoxemic-hypocapnic patients showed normal BP, high beta-endorphin, and normal Met-enkephalin and dynorphin ...
Morey T E - - 2001
Antiarrhythmic agents with amiodarone-like electrophysiological actions, but with a more favorable pharmacokinetic profile than amiodarone would be extremely useful for the treatment of many tachyarrhythmias. We designed a series of amiodarone homologs with an alkyl ester group at position 2 of the benzofurane moiety. It was hypothesized that the electrophysiological ...
Hölttä T - - 2001
The cardiac state and the prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) were analyzed in 21 pediatric patients (mean age 5.3 +/- 5.3 years) on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD), the aim being to specify the impact of hypervolemia in the etiology of hypertension. C- and N-terminal atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP-C, ANP-N) ...
Lisy O - - 2001
Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP), a recently discovered peptide, shares structural similarity to the other known natriuretic peptides, ANP, BNP, and CNP. Studies have reported that DNP is present in human and canine plasma and atrial myocardium and increased in plasma of humans with congestive heart failure (CHF). In addition, synthetic ...
Brunner-La Rocca H P - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the effects of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) on systemic and regional sympathetic nervous activity (SNA) in both patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and healthy control subjects. BACKGROUND: Although the response of SNA to atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has been well documented, the response of ...
de Boer R A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We investigated changes in genetic expression of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) in patients with stable mild to moderate chronic heart failure (CHF), since data on this topic were primarily obtained in end-stage CHF. METHODS: We studied tissue from 25 patients ...
Colucci W S - - 2001
Nesiritide (human recombinant B-type natriuretic peptide) binds to receptors in the vasculature, kidney, and other organs to mimic the actions of endogenous natriuretic peptides. Intravenous infusion of nesiritide has been studied in more than 1,700 patients with acute decompensated heart failure (HF). Nesiritide causes potent, dose-related vasodilation that is rapid ...
Osajima A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) are suitable markers of 'dry body weight' (DW) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, it is still unknown whether these markers can be applied to patients with renal failure and coronary artery disease (CAD). ...
Kazanegra R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To determine if changes in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels can accurately reflect acute changes in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure during treatment of decompensated heart failure. BACKGROUND: Tailored therapy of decompensated congestive heart failure with hemodynamic monitoring is controversial. Other than the expense and complications of Swan-Ganz catheters, its ...
Walther T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To measure atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in control fetuses and fetuses with Rhesus isoimmunisation before and after intravascular transfusion. The current study was designed to investigate the response of ANP and BNP to cardiac short-term and long-term volume load in the human fetus. METHODS: ...
Kishimoto I - - 2001
Guanylyl cyclase-A (NPR-A; GC-A) is the major and possibly the only receptor for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) or B-type natriuretic peptide. Although mice deficient in GC-A display an elevated blood pressure, the resultant cardiac hypertrophy is much greater than in other mouse models of hypertension. Here we overproduce GC-A in ...
Hautala N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The signaling cascades responsible for the activation of transcription factors in the hypertrophic growth of cardiac myocytes during hemodynamic overload are largely unknown. Several of the genes upregulated in the hypertrophied heart, including B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) gene, are controlled by the cardiac-restricted zinc finger transcription factor GATA4. METHODS ...
Alimo─člu E - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to correlate the right atrial pressure with the blood flow velocity and pulsatility index (PI) values obtained with duplex Doppler sonography of the common femoral vein. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients with suspected right-sided heart failure who had right atrial pressure measurements for correlation ...
Hamdan M H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown the importance of the timing of atrial and ventricular systole on the hemodynamic response during supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). However, the reflex changes in autonomic tone during SVT remain poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eleven patients with permanent dual-chamber pacemakers were enrolled in the study. Arterial ...
Tomita H - - 2001
We analyzed retrospectively the relationship between coagulation profile, and either hepatic function or hemodynamics, in patients who had undergone a Fontan-type procedure, comparing them, first, with a control group of 12 patients without significant hemodynamic abnormality, and, second, with a group of 14 patients who had not undergone a Fontan ...
Maisel A - - 2001
A blood test that would aid in the diagnosis and management of patients with congestive heart failure would have a favorable impact on the staggering costs of the disease. B-type naturetic peptide (BNP) is synthesized in the cardiac ventricles and its release is directly proportional to ventricular volume expansion and ...
Zarse M - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Atrial dilation and rapid pacing reduce atrial effective refractory periods (AERPs), thereby increasing the susceptibility to sustained atrial fibrillation (AF) in Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts. It is unclear whether similar pathophysiologic mechanisms are operative in short-term electrophysiologic changes caused by dilation and rapid pacing. Therefore, we analyzed whether both forms ...
Kaganovsky E - - 2001
In the ventricles of adult mammalian hearts, production of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is negligible, restricted to the impulse-conducting cells, the papillary muscles, and a minority of subendocardial myocytes. ANP expression is reinduced in the ventricles of pressure-overloaded and failing hearts and is frequently used as a marker for myocyte ...
Nishi I - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The myocardium has 2 functions in vivo, that of pump and endocrine organ. Therefore, simultaneous examinations of cardiac systolic reserve and endocrine reserve are important in evaluating the activities of the myocardial cells. This study investigated the relationship between cardiac systolic reserve and secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) ...
Brunner F - - 2001
We tested the hypothesis that the endothelial nitric oxide (NO)-soluble guanylyl cyclase system is involved in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) mediated regulation of coronary and peripheral vascular resistance. Rat hearts were perfused via the aorta at constant flow and the effect of ANP and CNP ...
Fontana F - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and cardiovascular hormones (norepinephrine, endothelin-1, and atrial natriuretic factor) on blood pressure during acute respiratory failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute respiratory failure were divided into four groups of 10 patients each: hypoxemia-normocapnia, hypoxemia-hypercapnia, hypoxemia-hypocapnia, and ...
Chen H H - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this investigation was to define for the first time the cardiorenal and humoral actions of repeated short-term administration of subcutaneous (SQ) brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) administration during the evolution of experimental heart failure. BACKGROUND: The rationale of this study was based on BNP as a vasodilating, ...
Miyauchi T - - 2000
The development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) causes right-sided heart failure. We investigated whether chronic treatment with the endothelin-A- (ETA) receptor antagonist BMS-193884 in rats with monocrotaline- (MCT) induced PH improves right-sided heart failure. Administration of BMS-193884 (100mg/kg) was commenced on the day before treatment with MCT. At 19 days, hemodynamics ...
Raatikainen M J - - 2000
We recently demonstrated that the short-acting analog of amiodarone, ATI-2001, caused favorable effects in guinea pig ventricular myocardium on electrophysiological substrates underlying tachyarrhythmia initiation, perpetuation, and termination. Here, the acute effects of 1.0 microM ATI-2001 and 1.0 microM amiodarone (90-min infusion followed by 90-min washout period) on atrial and atrioventricular ...
Li-Saw-Hee F L - - 2000
To investigate the hypothesis that higher levels of blood pressure would further promote the hypercoagulable state in atrial fibrillation (AF) by increasing the degree of hemostatic abnormalities, we studied 82 consecutive patients with chronic nonvalvular AF who were not taking antithrombotic therapy. Patients with AF had higher levels of plasma ...
Friedman H S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Despite a long history of use in the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), the efficacy of cardiac glycosides has not been established. If such drugs are beneficial in this condition, the general view is that the benefit must be related to their inotropic actions. METHODS AND RESULTS: To ...
Myles L M - - 2000
The objective of this paper is to describe a new method to ensure accurate placement of a ventriculo-atrial shunt distal catheter. A technique is described using pressure waveform changes within the right side of the heart. Pressure monitoring is a new method of placing atrial catheters and is easy to ...
Hayashida N - - 2000
To evaluate the effect of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) biological activity in patients undergoing cardiac operations, we conducted a prospective study. Ten patients undergoing mitral valve surgery were enrolled. Plasma levels of ANP and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), hemodynamic variables, and renal function parameters were assessed ...
Wellnhofer E - - 2000
The investigation was to elucidate the role of the reduction of extravascular pulmonary fluid in the immediate symptomatic improvement and its impact on hemodynamics in patients with mitral stenosis treated by percutaneous transluminal valvuloplasty. METHODS: In a prospective study of 12 patients with severe mitral stenosis extravascular pulmonary fluid volume ...
Ooie T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Intravenous injection of cesium chloride (Cs) causes ventricular tachyarrhythmias in rabbits. We investigated whether these tachyarrhythmias were caused by increased pressure load and whether they could be suppressed by atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). METHODS AND RESULTS: Cs was injected in a bolus dose (1.5 mmol/kg), which was repeated 20 ...
Hamawaki M - - 2000
A successful case of human atrial natriuretic peptide (HANP) infusion therapy for a neonate who developed congestive heart failure (CHF) after total repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection was performed on the first day of life. Following 14h of HANP infusion at incremental doses of 0.125-0.25 microg x kg(-1) ...
Coates S - - 2000
Pacemaker battery life is dependent on programmable parameters, principally pulse amplitude and pulse duration. High factory default settings cause excessive current drain. The strength-duration curve relates pacing threshold to pulse duration. The most energy efficient pacing occurs at chronaxie, a value of pulse duration derived from the curve. Strength-duration curves ...
Lisy O - - 2000
BACKGROUND-Mechanical load and humoral stimuli such as endothelin (ET) and angiotensin II (Ang II) are potent modulators of cardiac structure and endocrine function, specifically gene expression and production and release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). We define the contribution of mechanical load compared with neurohumoral stimulation in vivo with specific ...
Piotrowski G - - 2000
The article describes four essential components (hemodynamic, bioelectrical, hormonal, metabolic) of atrial function. The role atria play in heart hemodynamic performance by virtue of their reservoir, conduit and active contractile function is emphasized. Next, the authors relate various non-invasive diagnostic methods in cardiology to the estimation of particular types of ...
Hystad M E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the regional myocardial variation in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) synthesis during development of congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS: Heart failure was induced by left atrial rapid pacing for 3 weeks in pigs. The gene expression of ...
Hamanaka I - - 2000
Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a member of the interleukin-6 superfamily of cytokines, possesses hypertrophic actions and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)-producing activity in vitro. The goal of our study is to elucidate whether CT-1 affects the cardiovascular system in vivo. Intravenous injection of CT-1 (4-100 microg/kg) in conscious rats evoked significant declines in ...
Puyó A M - - 2000
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) receptors have been described in encephalic areas and nuclei related to the regulation of cardiovascular as well as sodium and water homeostasis. Stimulation of the anterior ventral third ventricular region of the brain modifies plasma ANF concentration, suggesting the participation of ...
Melo L G - - 2000
The recent development of genetic mouse models presenting life-long alterations in expression of the genes for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) or its receptors (NPR-A, NPR-C) has uncovered a physiological role of this hormone in chronic blood pressure homeostasis. Transgenic mice overexpressing a transthyretin-ANP fusion gene are hypotensive relative to the ...
Melo Luis Gabriel - - 2000
Recent findings in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) transgenic and gene knockout mouse models uncovered a tonic vasodilatory effect of this hormone that contributes to chronic blood pressure homeostasis. With elevated salt intake, ANP-mediated antagonism of the renin-angiotensin system is essential for blood pressure constancy, suggesting that a deficiency in ANP ...
Qi W - - 2000
Changes in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), N-terminal proatrial natriuretic peptide and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were evaluated in relation to continuously monitored atrial pressures in a pacing model of heart failure. Pigs were subjected to rapid atrial pacing (225 beats min-1) for 3 weeks with adjustments of pacing frequencies if ...
Mukaddam-Daher S - - 2000
Moxonidine, an antihypertensive imidazoline compound, reduces blood pressure by selective activation of central imidazoline I(1)-receptors and inhibition of sympathetic nerve activity and by direct actions on the kidney, with both mechanisms resulting in diuresis and natriuresis. We hypothesized that the hypotensive and renal actions of moxonidine may be mediated by ...
Gutkowska J - - 2000
Oxytocin (OT), a nonapeptide, was the first hormone to have its biological activities established and chemical structure determined. It was believed that OT is released from hypothalamic nerve terminals of the posterior hypophysis into the circulation where it stimulates uterine contractions during parturition, and milk ejection during lactation. However, equivalent ...
Tabata T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the most intensely granuled cardiocytes secreting atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) are located in the atrial appendages. AIMS: To evaluate the mechanisms of ANP release in congestive heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: The relationship between ANP and left atrial appendage (LAA) function was evaluated in ...
Suzuki M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To examine whether plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide identify hypertensive patients at risk for progressive cardiac hypertrophy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We examined the association between plasma brain natriuretic peptide levels and left ventricular structural changes in 54 hypertensive patients and 28 normotensive control subjects. Patients were divided into ...
Bode F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is frequently associated with atrial dilatation caused by pressure or volume overload. Stretch-activated channels (SACs) have been found in myocardial cells and may promote AF in dilated atria. To prove this hypothesis, we investigated the effect of the SAC blocker gadolinium (Gd(3+)) on AF propensity in ...
Leung S K - - 2000
Automatic mode switching (AMS) is a useful means to avoid rapid ventricular response during atrial fibrillation (AF), but AMS cannot occur if the detected atrial rate during AF is below the mode switching criteria. This may be the result of antiarrhythmic medications, or when the atrial events fall within the ...
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