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Results 801 - 850 of 1548
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Saegusa K - - 1992
The mechanisms of succinylcholine-induced cardiac effects have not been fully elucidated. Accordingly, we studied the effects of succinylcholine on atrial rate and contractile force in the isolated canine atrium perfused with donor blood. The sinus node artery was perfused with heparinized blood from the common carotid artery of the donor ...
Klein A L - - 1992
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Pulmonary venous flows recorded by pulsed wave Doppler transesophageal echocardiography examination can be used to assess the severity of mitral regurgitation. Pulmonary venous flows are also related to left atrial pressures; however, the determinants of these flows have yet to be characterized in the presence of mitral ...
Galderisi M - - 1992
The reproducibility of a variety of Doppler indexes of diastolic function in an epidemiologic setting and in atrial fibrillation have not been reported. This study examined the reproducibility of left ventricular inflow in subjects in sinus rhythm (n = 80) and atrial fibrillation (n = 12), randomly selected from the ...
Morsing P - - 1992
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), injected at physiological concentrations, is known to induce both natriuresis and diuresis. It has been suggested by some investigators that these changes result from an increasing glomerular filtration rate (GFR), but others have been unable to demonstrate an increased GFR. The tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) mechanism is ...
Calkins H - - 1992
Contraction-excitation feedback has been studied extensively in mammalian ventricles. In contrast, little is known about contraction-excitation feedback in mammalian atria. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of acute alterations in atrial pressure, induced by varying the atrioventricular (AV) interval, on atrial refractoriness. Twenty patients without structural ...
Larsen T H - - 1992
Eighteen anaesthetized open chest cats were subjected to 10, 30, or 50 min occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). Heart rate, left ventricular end-diastolic (LVEDP) and systolic pressure (LVSP), and dp/dt were continuously recorded during the experiments. Prior to LAD-occlusion, and just before termination of the experiments, ...
Jue J - - 1992
The inferior vena cava diameter and its respiratory response are used to estimate right atrial pressures in spontaneously breathing patients but its value in patients receiving mechanical ventilation is unvalidated. Forty-nine patients undergoing mechanical ventilation were prospectively evaluated in the intensive or coronary care units with two-dimensional echocardiography of the ...
Henriksen J H - - 1992
The estimated central blood volume (i.e., blood volume in the heart cavities, lungs and central arterial tree) was determined by multiplying cardiac output by circulatory mean transit time in 19 patients with cirrhosis and compared with sympathetic nervous activity and circulating level of atrial natriuretic factor. Arterial norepinephrine level, an ...
Grandis D J - - 1992
The goal of this study was to evaluate the relative contribution of the renin-angiotensin system and mean arterial pressure to sodium excretion and urine flow rate during an infusion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) at physiologically relevant doses in humans. Eight normal volunteers were studied during five periods: (1) baseline ...
Göhl K - - 1992
The aim of the study was to delineate the influence of the ventriculo-atrial interval (VAI) in tachycardia with regard to the underlying heart disease. Haemodynamic studies were performed by the conductance catheter technique during paced tachycardia with a HR of 140, 160 and 180 beat.min-1 at various VAI in 10 ...
Carr D H - - 1992
We have reported that increased left heart pressure inhibits increases in plasma renin activity (PRA), arginine vasopressin (AVP), and cortisol during arterial hypotension. The goal of this study was to determine whether increases in right heart pressure also inhibited hormonal responses to hypotension. Seven dogs were chronically instrumented with inflatable ...
Lewis B S - - 1992
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels were measured in 17 patients with severe congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional class IV), and the response of the peptide was studied during changes in cardiac filling pressures induced by a 24-hour infusion of nitroglycerin. In the control state plasma ANP levels ...
Otsuji Y - - 1992
We correlated the percentage of atrial contribution to left ventricular filling (percent AC) assessed by Doppler echocardiography with the hemodynamic benefit from atrioventricular synchronous pacing assessed by direct hemodynamic measurements. Subjects comprised 40 patients who underwent electrophysiologic catheterization because of unexplained syncope or bradycardia (< 40 beats/min). Femoral arterial and ...
Watenpaugh D E - - 1992
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) may activate multiple mechanisms that protect against circulatory volume overload. We hypothesized that a temporal relationship exists between increases in cardiac filling pressure and plasma ANP concentration and also between ANP elevation and vasodilation, fluid movement from plasma to interstitium, and increased urine volume (UV). We ...
Charles C J - - 1992
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and its specific receptor (ANPRB) are richly distributed throughout the brain, especially the anterior pituitary and hypothalamus but not in tissue of nonneural origin. These findings suggest that the actions of CNP, unlike atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), are largely confined to the brain where CNP may ...
Dubois-Randé J L - - 1992
This study was performed to examine the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide on cardiac function and coronary circulation in patients with heart failure. Synthetic human calcitonin gene-related peptide was infused in the left main coronary artery of 9 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization at different doses corresponding to incremental infusion rates ...
Riddervold F - - 1992
The effect of pericardial constraint on atrial systolic function was investigated in nine acutely instrumented anesthetized dogs. Left and right atrial pressures were recorded by high-fidelity catheters; auricular diameters and free wall segment lengths were measured by sonomicrometry. Atrial function curves were constructed by relating atrial systolic dimensional shortening to ...
Northridge D B - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: +/- Candoxatrilat was used to raise atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) concentrations in patients with heart failure, and the effects on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function were studied to determine the contribution of peripheral and central mechanisms to the haemodynamic effects. DESIGN: This was a single blind, randomised comparison ...
Duker G - - 1992
The electrophysiologic and hemodynamic effects of H 234/09 (Almokalant), a novel class II antiarrhythmic agent, were studied in the anesthetized dog. H 234/09 (1.0 mumol/kg i.v.) significantly prolonged the atrial and ventricular effective refractory periods, the ventricular monophasic action potential duration, and the paced QT interval. At this dose, atrial, ...
Zhang W G - - 1992
Previous studies have shown the effects of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on rats with renovascular hypertension (RVH). In the present study low dose alpha-hANF (0.025 microgram/kg/min) was administered intravenously for 60 minutes to seven RVH patients. Results demonstrated an inhibition of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), reduction of plasma catecholamine and arginine ...
Redl G - - 1992
We have previously reported an increase in plasma levels of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in an ovine model of endotoxemia. The purpose of this study was to determine if this IR-ANF release was mediated by the increase of right atrial pressure (RAP) and right heart volumes concomitantly observed following endotoxin ...
King K A - - 1992
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is present in high concentration in atria but in very low concentration in the ventricles. Under conditions of haemodynamic overload ventricular gene expression may become activated, but it is not clear if ventricular ANF can be released through a regulated or constitutive pathway. The purpose of ...
Bergerone S - - 1992
We treated a patient with refractory biventricular heart failure, dilutional hyponatremia and prerenal azotemia, by means of ultrafiltration. After ultrafiltration, gas exchange and cardiac output improved, with concomitant reduction of systemic and pulmonary vascular resistances. Despite a decrease of right atrial and wedge pressure, atrial natriuretic factor rose and plasma ...
Underwood R D - - 1992
Recent studies have found endothelin-1 (ET), a potent vasoconstrictor of endothelial cell origin, is increased in congestive heart failure (CHF) in plasma and correlates with increased atrial pressures. Additionally, it has been shown that, despite increased circulating ET concentrations in CHF, a decreased responsiveness to exogenous ET infusion exists in ...
Travill C M - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the exact sequence of hormone changes during the progression of fluid retention in a canine model of "congestive cardiac failure" induced by rapid right ventricular pacing, and during recovery when pacing is stopped. METHODS: Rapid ventricular pacing at a rate of 250 pulses.min-1 was ...
Windberger U - - 1992
Venous hypertension after total artificial heart (TAH) replacement, a common problem in humans as well as experimental animals, is thought to be related to reduced release of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) due to atrial damage. To verify this hypothesis, we stimulated the release of ANF in 6 calves before (-7 ...
Lang C C - - 1992
The effect of alpha-1-adrenoceptor blockade with 0.25 mg oral prazosin on the renal response to atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) 5 pmol/kg/min was examined in eight healthy male volunteers undergoing maximal water diuresis. ANF on its own decreased mean arterial blood pressure (P less than 0.05) without altering heart rate or ...
Thibault G - - 1992
Rat brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) was detected by radioimmunoassay in heart atria and ventricles and in plasma. We have investigated its localization in atria and the possibility of cosecretion of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and BNP into the circulation. BNP was detected by chromatographic analysis and immunoblotting in the isolated ...
Olsson K - - 1992
This study was designed to examine the actions of ANP in acute, ANGII-mediated hypertension during pregnancy. Effects on blood pressure, blood volume, and renal Na and K excretion were evaluated in conscious goats (n = 6). ANP (2 micrograms min-1), ANGII (0.5 microgram min-1), or ANGII+ANP (doses the same as ...
Gottlieb S S - - 1992
BACKGROUND: An endogenous digitalis-like compound in mammals has long been postulated, but only recently has a substance indistinguishable from ouabain been identified in human plasma. Because of the potential significance of such a substance in patients with congestive heart failure, we sought to evaluate the pathophysiology of endogenous ouabain in ...
Volpe M - - 1992
An emerging role for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) as a modulator of baroreflex function is suggested by a number of experimental observations. In several animal species and in humans, ANP appears to reset the baroreflex control of heart rate in a way that favors bradycardia and opposes cardioacceleration. In addition, ...
Pepino P - - 1992
We investigated the influence of cardiac innervation on atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) release in baboons. For this purpose, plasma ANF levels were measured in control conditions and in response to head-down (-45 degrees) and head-up tilt (+45 degrees) in six anesthetized baboons before and after complete cardiac denervation obtained by ...
Page E - - 1992
Atrial distension, which stimulates atrial natriuretic peptide secretion by atrial myocytes, also stretches nonmuscle cells. In a noncontracting in vitro preparation of combined right and left atria we demonstrated by electron microscopy that, at 37 degrees C, transition from zero pressure to a physiological distending pressure of 5.1 mm Hg ...
Fukazawa M - - 1992
The effect of increases in heart rate by atrial pacing was investigated in 20 children [mean 9 +/- 4 (SD) years] with atrial septal defect. Systemic blood flow increased by 13 +/- 10 and 27 +/- 22% with a 25 and 50% increase in heart rate, respectively. Pulmonary blood flow, ...
Deng Y - - 1992
We developed an in vitro model of the isolated, perfused rat atrium with which to examine the mechanisms linking muscular stretch to atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) secretion. It was shown that an increase in atrial pressure causing distension of the atria is associated with a rise in ANF secretion correlating ...
Semigran M J - - 1992
Atrial natriuretic peptide alters left ventricular performance in patients with heart failure. To assess the direct effects of this hormone on myocardial function, its actions were compared with those of the pure vasodilator nitroprusside in 10 patients with heart failure. Simultaneous left ventricular micromanometer pressure and radionuclide volume were obtained ...
Ramamoorthy C - - 1992
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: The correlations between continuous positive-pressure ventilation-induced antidiuresis/antinatriuresis, atrial transmural pressure, and atrial natriuretic peptide concentrations have not been clarified. The purpose of the present study was to use aggressive hydration to restore atrial transmural pressure during continuous positive-pressure ventilation and to test for correlations of atrial transmural ...
Davis B J - - 1992
1. The effects at 10 degrees C of moderate hydrostatic pressure (136 atm) on trypsinolysis of muscle-type (M4) lactate dehydrogenase homologs (LDH, EC 1.1.1.27, L-lactate:NAD+ oxidoreductase) from shallow- and deep-occurring marine fishes were examined by mapping the partial digests by reverse phase HPLC. 2. Comparison of peptide maps of digests ...
Kern M J - - 1992
Failure of right atrial pressure to normalize after pericardial pressure is relieved suggests persistent effusive-constrictive physiology, myocardial failure, or cardiomyopathy which may have indistinguishable hemodynamic pressure waveforms. Clinical characteristics, ancillary testing, and endomyocardial biopsy may be required to obtain a definite diagnosis in such cases. The hemodynamic waveforms obtained during ...
Legault L - - 1992
Chronic caval dogs with ascites were identified as being natriuretic "responders" or "nonresponders" (delta UNaV less than 20 microequiv./min) following an infusion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) (100 ng.kg-1.min-1). To learn more about the factors modulating tubular resistance to ANP, we attempted to convert responders into nonresponders and vice versa ...
Yamamoto T - - 1992
To assess central effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP), plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), blood pressure, heart rate, and renal solute excretion, ET-1 dissolved in the artificial cerebrospinal fluid was infused intracerebroventricularly (icv) at a dose of either 0.35 ng.kg-1.min-1 (0.14 pmol; LET) or 3.5 ng.kg-1.min-1 (1.4 ...
Abraham W T - - 1992
Circulating concentrations of human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) are elevated in patients with heart failure; however, the natriuretic effect of hANP is blunted in these patients. In this study, the relationship between urinary cGMP, the second messenger for the natriuretic effect of hANP in vivo, and endogenous hANP was examined ...
Almazov V A - - 1992
To assess the relation of the two natriuretic hormones, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and digitalis-like natriuretic factor (DLF), to hypertension, levels of ANP and DLF were measured under basal conditions and after salt and water loading in 31 normal subjects and 36 and 57 patients with Stage I or II ...
Badalamenti S - - 1992
The administration of atrial natriuretic factor to patients with cirrhosis, and avid sodium retention causes marked hypotension and blunted kidney responses. To evaluate whether the unresponsiveness of the kidney is caused by a fall in mean blood pressure below a critical value for the renal blood perfusion pressure (80 mm ...
McGrail K M - - 1992
Accurate placement of the distal end of a ventriculoatrial shunt at the cavo-atrial junction is important for long-term shunt function as well as for avoiding cardiac arrhythmias, thrombus formation, and damage to myocardial tissue. Standard methods of intraoperative localization, including chest x-ray, pressure measurements, and electrocardiogram recording, can be inaccurate. ...
Klemm S A - - 1992
1. Two hours after a single dose of indomethacin (INDO), plasma renin activity (PRA) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels decreased, which is consistent with an effect of lowering prostaglandins (PG). 2. After 48 h of INDO, PRA remained low but ANP had increased, which is consistent with the known ...
Calkins H - - 1992
Atrial arrhythmias occur frequently in the setting of increased atrial size and pressure. This may result from contraction-excitation feedback. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of alterations in atrial pressure, induced by varying the atrioventricular (AV) interval, on atrial refractoriness, and on the frequency of induction ...
Murohara Y - - 1992
1. The acute hormonal, renal and haemodynamic effects of SCH 39370, a new neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitor, were evaluated in rats with congestive heart failure (CHF) produced by coronary ligation. 2. Left ventricular systolic pressure and left ventricular end diastolic pressure were significantly decreased by SCH 39370 treatment. 3. SCH ...
Bjenning C - - 1992
The effects of an elasmbranch cardiac C-type natriuretic peptide (dogfish CNP-22) on arterial blood pressure were investigated in vivo in chronically cannulated dogfish Scyliorhinus canicula and in vitro by a myographic technique using the distal part of the first branchial artery. In-vivo dogfish CNP-22 caused a dose-dependent reduction in mean ...
Peters J - - 1992
The authors evaluated in humans whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) alters the regional distribution of blood in capacitance vessels. Eight healthy male volunteers (mean age: 30 years, range: 24-39) were studied twice. On different days and in a randomized, double blind fashion they received either alpha h-ANP (99-126), 25 micrograms ...
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