Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1548
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Mahy I R - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess whether atrial fibrillation results in disturbances of capillary pressure and capillary filtration coefficient in man. METHODS: Finger nailfold capillary pressure and calf capillary filtration coefficient were measured in subjects in atrial fibrillation and in matched healthy controls in sinus rhythm. Capillary pressure was measured ...
Bergman A - - 1994
The effects were studied postoperatively of an infusion of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) 7.5 pMol.kg-1.min-1 on renal function and haemodynamics in seven patients who had been operated with insertion of an abdominal aortic graft. Urine flow, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF) and excretion of electrolytes and osmoles ...
Raja P - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of amiodarone in the treatment of junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) after open heart surgery in children. PATIENTS: Between January 1990 and December 1991, 16 consecutive patients aged 6 days to 14 years with JET associated with significant haemodynamic impairment after cardiopulmonary bypass were ...
Vesely D L - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Three peptides consisting of amino acids 1-30, 31-67, and 79-98 of the 126-amino acid atrial natriuretic factor prohormone (proANF), which have blood pressure-lowering, diuretic, natriuretic, and/or kaliuretic properties in animals, were investigated to determine if they have similar properties in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-six healthy, normotensive human volunteers ...
Eckberg D L - - 1994
In animals, sympathetic responses to orthostasis are regulated in part by cardiopulmonary afferents arising from atrial and ventricular baroreceptors. To determine the relative importance of these baroreceptor regions in the cardiopulmonary baroreflex of normal humans, simultaneous measurements of left atrial and right and left ventricular volumes (cine computed tomography), invasive ...
Oki T - - 1994
To investigate the clinical significance and problems of right-to-left (R-L) shunt flow dynamics in atrial septal defects, we performed transesophageal color and pulsed Doppler echocardiography in 30 patients with atrial septal defects of the ostium secundum type. The 30 patients consisted of 20 with a pulmonary artery systolic pressure of ...
Semigran M J - - 1994
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has natriuretic and vasodilator actions that lower arterial pressure and may be beneficial to hypertensive patients. To assess the effects of ANP on left ventricular function in patients with hypertension, we compared it with the pure vasodilator nitroprusside. Simultaneous left ventricular micromanometer pressure and radionuclide volume ...
Nakamura M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is a newly identified peptide that is structurally related to atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). Although it has been suggested that CNP is released from the endothelium for the regulation of local vascular tone, no data are available concerning the vasodilatory response to CNP in humans. ...
Vulliemin P - - 1994
Assuming that type I atrial flutter is a macroreentrant circuit, its cycle length should vary with the atrial dimensions. In order to test this hypothesis, flutter cycle length was measured while inducing atrial volume and pressure changes by postural and pharmacological means in seven patients undergoing a therapeutic programmed stimulation ...
Bolter C P - - 1994
Intrinsic cardiac regulation, the direct effect of changes in right atrial pressure on heart rate, was examined in rabbits under chloralose/urethane anaesthesia. Autonomic influences on the cardiac pacemaker were eliminated by cervical vagotomy and intravenous propranolol. Right atrial transmural pressure was monitored as the difference between right atrial and pleural ...
de Groote P - - 1994
Previous studies have demonstrated the importance of atrial transmural pressure in the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide. These studies have been performed in patients with pericardial effusion and hemodynamic compromise. The response of atrial natriuretic peptide to the drainage of chronic pericardial effusion without clinical evidence of tamponade is unknown. ...
Beker B - - 1994
Stress echocardiography is used increasingly in the evaluation of coronary artery disease. The echocardiographic evaluation of ischemia is based on stress-induced changes in wall motion and wall thickening of the ischemic segments. Studies have demonstrated that left ventricular volumetric changes may induce changes in wall thickness. The aim of the ...
Andrivet P - - 1994
The potent pulmonary vasodilating property of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) may alter gas exchange in patients with COPD. We examined the hemodynamic and gas exchange responses to intravenous infusion of ANF (0.01 and 0.03 ng/min/kg body weight) in eight stable patients with COPD studied during spontaneous breathing, using the inert ...
Hsieh B S - - 1994
In order to examine whether changes in circulating atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and sodium excretion during saline infusion in patients with essential hypertension (EH) could be modulated by the severity of resting arterial blood pressure (BP), 30 subjects with EH and nine normotensive subjects were given 2 L of isotonic ...
Mikoluc B - - 1994
1. The effect of C-terminal fragment of ANF-ANF(24-28)OH on the cardiovascular system was investigated in rats. 2. In vivo this pentapeptide caused the fall of systolic and diastolic blood pressure. 3. ANF(24-28)OH increased cardiac contraction amplitude and changed coronary outflow in vitro. 4. These experiments showed that the shorter fragment ...
Steen T - - 1994
In six open-chest anesthetized dogs we investigated the effect of heart rate (HR) on the relationship between left atrial pressure (LAP) and pulmonary venous flow (QPV). QPV was measured by ultrasonic transit time during volume loading and right atrial pacing. Consistent with previous studies, we found a negative correlation between ...
Mehra A - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Supply of sulfhydryl groups with the administration of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been reported to reverse tolerance to nitroglycerin but not to isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN). Lack of interaction between NAC and ISDN was suggested as an explanation for these findings. The present study was therefore designed to further evaluate this ...
McKenzie J C - - 1994
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a natriuretic, diuretic and vasodilatory peptide normally synthesized and secreted by the atria of the adult mammalian heart. Synthesis of ANP in the ventricle has also been demonstrated in the fetus and neonate. In the adult, ventricular ANP is expressed under pathological conditions such as ...
Vesely D L - - 1994
Ozone can cause pulmonary edema and simultaneously decrease blood pressure. Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) may mediate both of these effects in that it increases pulmonary capillary permeability resulting in edema formation and vasodilates the vascular system. The present investigation was designed to test directly the effect of ozone on the ...
Leather R A - - 1994
The antiarrhythmic agent propafenone has been reported to prolong atrioventricular node conduction and may be suitable for rate control in atrial fibrillation (AF). To evaluate this, 10 patients (seven men and three women aged 29 to 67 years, mean +/- SD 48 +/- 14) were given intravenous propafenone during AF ...
Ravelli F - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Slight variation in cycle lengths of common and rapid atrial flutter in humans is an established phenomenon, but its mechanisms have not been completely clarified. In a previous study, we demonstrated that in common atrial flutter the variations in atrial cycle length were due to atrial stretch affecting the ...
Appleton C P - - 1994
Prior clinical and animal studies have shown a markedly different relationship between left atrial pressure and the systolic fraction of pulmonary venous flow but have not discussed possible reasons for this discrepancy. To examine the possibility that these disparate results are due to differences in baseline mitral and pulmonary venous ...
Surdacki A - - 1994
Eleven resting patients with an implanted DDD pacemaker were studied. After 30 minutes of AV sequential pacing at a rate of 80 beats/min with three consecutive atrioventricular delays (AVDs; 100, 150, and 200 msec) peripheral venous blood was drawn for further analyses by specific radioimmunoassays of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) ...
Barbee R W - - 1994
The circulatory effects associated with lifelong plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) elevation were examined by generating transgenic mice, which constitutively express a fusion gene consisting of the transthyretin promoter and the ANF structural gene. These mice have chronically elevated ANF levels as compared with their nontransgenic siblings. Transgenic animals exhibited ...
Perko G - - 1994
Head up and down tilts were used for manipulating the central blood volume in eight volunteers. During head-up tilt thoracic electrical impedance (TI) increased from 36.7 (33.9-52.1) ohm (mean and range) to 41.9 (36.9-59.2) ohm, heart rate from 60 (49-72) to 80 (65-90) beats min-1 (P < 0.05) and decreased ...
Stokhof A A - - 1994
Factors regulating the secretion of atrial natriuretic hormone (ANH) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) have not been elucidated fully. In several studies the release of these peptides has been studied by inducing both increased atrial pressure and atrial distension. A few studies employ cardiac tamponade, allowing the effect of atrial pressure ...
Nugent A M - - 1994
Peripheral circulating levels of atrial natriuretic peptide may exhibit short-term variation compatible with a pulsatile pattern of secretion. We obtained samples every 2 min for 90 min from the antecubital vein of 16 patients with chronic cardiac failure and 13 controls. Overall levels were higher in the patients (median and ...
Gunnarsson U - - 1994
Whether intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion of atrial natriuretic peptide (human-ANP, 1-28) 25 pmol min-1 influences the tolerance to blood loss and haemorrhage induced cardiovascular, vasopressin and renin responses were studied in five conscious sheep. The i.c.v. infusion was started 60 min prior to a slow (0.7 ml kg-1 min-1) venous haemorrhage, ...
Bauer W R - - 1994
The coronary vascular effect of atrial natriuretic peptide is controversial: Coronary vasodilator as well as constrictor effects have been reported. The controversy may originate from interference of atrial natriuretic peptide with the renin-angiotensin system and/or tachyphylaxis of the effect of atrial natriuretic peptide. The effect of alpha-human atrial natriuretic peptide ...
Jansen T L - - 1994
1. Atrial natriuretic factor has been suggested to affect human sympathetic nervous system activity. The interaction between atrial natriuretic factor and the sympathetic nervous system has not been fully elucidated yet, but may occur at different sites. We studied this modulator effect at the level of the forearm vascular bed: ...
Liard J F - - 1994
Experiments were conducted in 63 dogs to determine whether stimulation of vagal tone contributes to the decrease in O2 consumption (VO2) that results from arginine vasopressin (AVP) administration. Vagal stimulation with pilocarpine did not reduce VO2 in conscious dogs. In anesthetized dogs, bilateral electrical cervical efferent vagal stimulation lowered both ...
Inoue Y - - 1994
We investigated whether the intracardiac parasympathetic ganglia for sinoatrial (SA) nodal pacemaker cells control the right atrial contractility selectively and totally in the autonomically decentralized heart of the open-chest anesthetized dog. Stimulation of the intracardiac parasympathetic nerves to the SA nodal area (SAP Stim) decreased the right atrial pressure (a ...
Connelly T P - - 1994
Furosemide is frequently administered intravenously to patients with chronic heart failure. However, use of diuretics may cause neuroendocrine activation and by itself may not consistently afford diuresis. Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in pharmacologic doses is a vasodilator and has favorable neuroendocrinologic effects in patients with congestive heart failure. To examine ...
Schlüter H - - 1994
Our understanding of the regulation of vascular tone has been extended since the identification of vasoactive agents such as the atrial natriuretic peptides, endothelial-derived relaxing factor and endothelin. Unidentified vasopressive agents have been found in platelets. Here we isolate these vasopressors and identify them as diadenosine pentaphosphate (AP5A) and diadenosine ...
Suchmanová-Lazúrová I - - 1994
We examined plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone (PA), atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and endogenous digitalis-like factor (DLF) in 15 healthy subjects and 15 patients with essential hypertension (EH) to obtain basal values and values after extracellular fluid volume (ECFV) expansion caused by infusion of isotonic saline solution over a ...
Sasagawa I - - 1994
The changes in haemoglobin concentration, haematocrit, plasma renin activity (PRA) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were studied in 10 haemodialysis patients with erythropoietin-associated hypertension. All patients received intravenously 1500 IU of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) thrice weekly for 24 weeks. Treatment with rHuEPO induced significant rises in haemoglobin concentration (p ...
Chen Y F - - 1994
A prospective, randomized, double-blind trial assigned 11 patients to receive coenzyme Q10 and 11 to receive none. Patients pretreated with coenzyme Q10 had a lower left atrial pressure and a lesser incidence of low cardiac output. They also had a wider pulse pressure. The right and left ventricular myocardial ultrastructure ...
Nishimoto K - - 1994
Spontaneous closure of intra-atrial baffle fenestrations occurred early postoperatively following a Fontan procedure in three patients (ages 0.8-2 yr) and were reopened using transvenous balloon dilation. Following this clinical experience with this complication we studied the effects of high pressure balloons of different sizes on fenestrations created in polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) ...
Hegbrant J - - 1994
The high plasma levels of the vasodilating hormone atrial natriuretic peptide (alpha-ANP), observed in patients with chronic renal failure, decrease substantially during hemodialysis (HD), probably owing to volume reduction. Cardiovascular stability is better maintained by the use of cold dialysate although underlying mechanisms are unknown. In order to investigate the ...
Madariaga I - - 1994
Electrophysiological studies with simultaneous echocardiographic control and invasive measurement of intravascular pressures were carried out in a 13-year-old boy with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who was hospitalized after an episode of aborted sudden death. Ventricular stimulation did not induce ventricular tachycardia, but atrial stimulation induced atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter and non-sustained ventricular ...
Park J K - - 1994
To study the effects of positive acceleration on the plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and renin concentration (PRC), students of the Korean Air Force Academy and pilots were exposed to +6 Gz for 30 s in a human centrifuge without anti-G suits. An acceleration to +6 Gz caused a significant ...
Möckel M - - 1994
A group of 20 healthy volunteers [10 women, 10 men; median age 25 (20-33) years] were examined by means of pulsed wave Doppler echocardiography, blood sample analysis and psychological testing before and after listening to three different examples of music: a waltz by J. Strauss, a modern classic by H. ...
DeGasperi A - - 1994
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is a 28 amino acid peptide secreted by the atrial cardiocytes. Clearance is via the lung (50%) and the liver (25%). The main stimulus to ANF secretion is atrial distension but vasoconstrictors, sympathetic stimulation, catecolamines and tachycardia are able to enhance its circulating blood levels. ANF ...
Gao X P - - 1994
The purpose of this study was to determine whether encapsulation of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in liposomes enhances its vasoactive effects. Liposomes were formed from a solution of VIP in phospholipids and cholesterol, resulting in incorporation of 0.008 mole peptide/mole phospholipid. Leakage of VIP from the liposomes was undetectable over ...
Triposkiadis F - - 1993
The effect of recipient left atrial contraction on diastolic transmitral flow was studied in eight asymptomatic heart transplant patients (seven men and one woman, mean age 51.8 +/- 9.7 years) with normal left ventricular systolic function. The transmitral flow velocity profile was evaluated in 326 beats (mean 40.8 +/- 12 ...
Alboni P - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the hemodynamic effects of oral sotalol during both sinus rhythm and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND: The hemodynamic effects of most antiarrhythmic drugs have been characterized in subjects during sinus rhythm. However, there are no data concerning these effects on the paroxysmal tachyarrhythmias. METHODS: In 17 patients ...
Kawakami H - - 1993
The purpose of this study is to elucidate factors determining the release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in normal volunteers at rest. Ten normal volunteers were included in this study. Ages ranged between twenty-seven and thirty-three years (mean twenty-seven). The authors measured plasma levels of ANP, and four cardiac chamber ...
Nakamura M - - 1993
The administration of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) increases coronary blood flow and decreases coronary vascular resistance. However, little is known about the feasibility and reliability of intravenous long-term infusion of ANF in patients with coronary heart disease. We therefore examined the effects on hemodynamic parameters and water input-output balance of ...
Bendtsen F - - 1993
To test a possible effect of blood flow change on disposal of atrial natriuretic factor: ANF99-126 (ANF), we determined renal, azygos, hepatic and cubital venous, and arterial plasma concentrations of ANF in 18 patients with cirrhosis before and after ingestion of propranolol 80 mg. Arterial ANF was similar to that ...
May C N - - 1993
Infusion of endothelin-1 (ET-1) (2000 pmol/h) into conscious sheep for 6 days caused a sustained increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 19 +/- 1 mm Hg. This response was mediated by the vasoconstrictor effect of ET-1 and was accompanied by a fall in cardiac output. Plasma renin concentration fell ...
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