Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1549
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Tabata T - - 1996
Transesophageal pulsed Doppler echocardiography was performed to examine changes with age in the left atrial appendage flow velocity patterns in 50 normal subjects (15 to 80 years) in sinus rhythm. There was a significant negative correlation between the peak early diastolic forward and backward left atrial appendage flow velocities and ...
Lin J M - - 1996
To assess the correlation of pulmonary venous flow pattern with the magnitude of the dynamic change in left atrial pressure (i.e. x and y descents) and to elucidate the way how pulmonary venous flow pattern reflects left atrial pressure, we studied 35 patients with normal sinus rhythm undergoing transesophageal echocardiography ...
Supaporn T - - 1996
1. While the natriuretic peptides (atrial, brain and C-type) mediate potent endothelium-independent vasorelaxing actions in vitro, the role of the endogenous natriuretic peptide system in vascular regulation in vivo remains unclear. 2. HS-142-1 is a novel natriuretic peptide receptor antagonist derived from a fungus named Aureobasidium sp. which selectively blocks ...
Nagueh S F - - 1996
BACKGROUND: A paucity of data exists as to the relation of mean right atrial pressure (RAP) to Doppler parameters of right atrial and ventricular filling. Furthermore, whether echocardiographic parameters of right atrial and right ventricular function and inferior vena cava improve the relation of Doppler filling dynamics with RAP has ...
Prins B A - - 1996
Natriuretic peptides are produced in the brain, heart and vasculature, and cause vasodilation, sodium excretion, and diuresis. Recent advances indicate that they play important roles in blood-pressure homeostasis, both in normal and in pathophysiological conditions. Although therapeutic interventions which elevate plasma natriuretic peptide levels do not have great antihypertensive efficacy, ...
Moe G W - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the role of changes in heart rate, cardiac filling pressures and cardiac tissue atrial and brain natriuretic peptides in the modulation of their plasma levels in a model of heart failure. BACKGROUND: Atrial and brain natriuretic peptides constitute a dual natriuretic peptide system that regulates circulatory ...
Rademaker M T - - 1996
The responses of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were investigated in six conscious sheep paced at 120, 155, 190, and 225 beats/min for 1.5 h at each rate and at 180, 225, and 180 beats/min for 4 days at each rate. Increased pacing reduced arterial pressure, ...
Iwase K - - 1996
Alterations of the left atrial/right atrial pressure gradient were determined using a Swan-Ganz thermodilution catheter in 20 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with 12 mmHg pneumoperitoneum (LAP) and 13 patients who underwent minilaparotomy cholecystectomy (MINI). Right and left atrial pressures were both elevated by pneumoperitoneum. A diminished or reversed left/right ...
Clemo H F - - 1996
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has varied effects on cardiac electrophysiologic parameters including heart rate, intraatrial conduction time, and refractory period. ANP's vagoexcitatory and sympathoinhibitory actions as well as its direct actions on cardiac ion currents may be responsible for some of these effects. This review discusses the role of ANP ...
Pouta A M - - 1996
The endogenous release of the vasoactive peptides atrial natriuretic peptide and endothelin-1 may modify maternal haemodynamic responses to a rapid intravenous volume load used to prevent hypotension at elective Caesarean delivery under spinal anaesthesia. Twenty-two healthy pregnant women were examined during elective Caesarean section at term pregnancy. They were randomly ...
Gauquelin G - - 1996
The effects of prolonged head-down bed rest on the rhythms of several parameters (blood pressure, heart rate, haematocrit, plasma renin activity (PRA), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were assessed in six healthy men, aged 33 (SEM 2) years, who were submitted to bed rest for 28 days (D1-28). Systolic and diastolic ...
Bolter C P - - 1996
Experiments were made on preparations of the rabbit right atrium maintained at 37 degrees C in oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit solution. Baseline diastolic transmural pressure was held at 2 mmHg. A step increase in diastolic pressure was accompanied by an immediate and rapid increase in atrial rate (fast response), followed by a ...
Ori Y - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Factors affecting cardiac function in dialysis patients include arterial blood pressure, anaemia, intravascular volume, and the arteriovenous (a-v) access. Cardiac failure has been directly attributed to dialysis a-v access in several cases. The contribution of the a-v access to cardiac performance has been tested, in the past, by a ...
Geny B - - 1996
The increase in plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic factor in heart transplant patients has not been fully elucidated. Besides an eventual pressure or volume overload leading to passive atrial distension, the atrial tension developed during atrial systole, or atrial ejection force, which may be increased by the transplantation procedure, is ...
Oner G - - 1996
In order to investigate the role of increased lipid peroxidation in the development of cadmium-induced hypertension, 30 male albino rats were exposed to drinking water containing 15 micrograms/ml cadmium for 30 days, and the results were compared with those of 30 controls. Water containing high cadmium concentrations caused a significant ...
Ohtsuka S - - 1996
To clarify the role of vasoactive peptides in the physiologic response to pneumonectomy, we investigated the changes of atrial (A-type) natriuretic peptide (ANP). C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels in the lung and blood after pneumonectomy and the effects of inhaled nitric oxide (NO; 5 ppm) after pneumonectomy ...
Uhlenius N - - 1996
Effects of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibition on blood pressure and on the course of Heymann nephritis was examined in rats. L-NG-nitroarginine-methylester (L-NAME, 10 mg/100 ml in the drinking water for 12 weeks) was used as an inhibitor of NO synthase. Urinary excretion of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), a second ...
Ito T - - 1996
Information regarding the relation of left atrial (LA) function to transmitral and pulmonary venous (PV) flow is limited. Using transesophageal echocardiography, we analyzed this relation in 23 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and 25 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Left atrial appendage (LAA) function was assessed as a substitute for ...
de Bold A J - - 1996
The cardiac natriuretic peptides (NP) -- atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) -- are polypeptide hormones produced by cardiocytes in the atria of mammals. ANF and BNP are continuously released from the heart, but appropriate mechanical or neuroendocrine stimuli increase their rate of release with or without ...
Perko G - - 1996
To evaluate influences on blood volume distribution, atrial natriuretic peptide concentrations (ANP) and thoracic and leg electrical impedance at 2.5 (TI2.5 and LI2.5, respectively) and 100 kHz (TI100 and LI100, respectively) were monitored during administration of ketanserin, noradrenaline and trimetaphan combined with lower body negative pressure (LBNP) in 12 subjects. ...
D'Alonzo A J - - 1995
BMS-180448 [(3S-trans)-N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N'-cyano-N"-(6-cyano-3, 4-dihydro-3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-2H-1-benzopyran-4-yl) guanidine] is a structural analog of cromakalim, which was found to similarly decrease ischemic injury, but was 18- to 100-fold less potent as a vasodilator. In the present study, the vascular and cardiac effects of cromakalim and BMS-180448 were evaluated in both in vitro and in vivo ...
Takemura G - - 1995
We analyzed the ventricular expression of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) in patients with myocarditis. Immunohistochemical analysis of endomyocardial biopsy specimens showed ANP and BNP immunoreactivity in the early myocarditis group (ANP in 4/10 and BNP in 3/10) and the late myocarditis group (ANP and BNP in ...
Ando S - - 1995
The purpose of these experiments was to compare the effects of endopeptidase inhibition with oral candoxatril on systemic and forearm hemodynamics and muscle sympathetic nerve activity with responses to a low-dose atrial natriuretic factor infusion. Eleven healthy men received at random on three separate days either intravenous saline, natriuretic factor ...
Ivarsen P - - 1995
The effect of prednisolone, given as a 4-day oral treatment, on 24-h ambulatory blood pressure rhythm, vasoactive hormones and correlation between blood pressure and vasoactive hormones were studied in 11 healthy men. Blood pressure was monitored at intervals of 15 min during the day and of 30 min during the ...
Wolf K - - 1995
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of the systemic renin-angiotensin system on the gene expression of atrial natriuretic peptide in rat hearts. The renin-angiotensin system was stimulated (1) by unilateral renal artery clipping (0.2-mm clip, 2 days), producing a fourfold increase of circulating plasma renin activity ...
Cargill R I - - 1995
1. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) have pulmonary vasorelaxant activity with plasma concentrations being elevated in patients with hypoxaemic pulmonary hypertension. However, their effects on acute hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV), the initiating stimulus for pulmonary hypertension have not to date been investigated. We have therefore studied ...
Kazzam E - - 1995
We related atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) among 30 consecutive patients with systemic sclerosis (SScl) and 48 gender- and age-matched controls to the measurements of left ventricular (LV) function as evaluated by echocardiography and external pulse curves to determine possible causative factors for an increased level of plasma ANP. The patients ...
Mac? L - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Although their assessment could be of the utmost importance to determine the surgical treatment for patients with univentricular hearts, differences in ventricular performance between partial and complete right heart bypass remain to be defined. METHODS: Three different degrees of right heart bypass were investigated in 5 mongrel dogs: (1) ...
Clarkson P B - - 1995
Doppler echocardiographic indices of diastolic function and systemic haemodynamics were studied in response to infusions of atrial natriuretic peptide (0.5, 1, 2, 5 pmol.kg-1.min-1) and placebo (0.9% (w/v) saline) in ten normal male subjects. Compared with placebo, atrial natriuretic peptide infusion produced a significant and dose-related reduction in the isovolumic ...
Lawrenson J B JB Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur - - 1995
Intravenous verapamil was given to two haemodynamically stable patients with persistent atrial tachycardia, resulting in circulatory arrest requiring CPR in one and collapse with unrecordable blood pressure in the other. Both responded to resuscitation and tachycardia was subsequently controlled with propranolol in one and sotalol in the other. Factors contributing ...
Skvorak J P - - 1995
Several lines of evidence suggest a paracrine regulatory role for endothelin (ET) in the release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). To investigate this possibility, we used the ET A-type receptor (ETA-R) competitive inhibitor cyclo(D-Asp-Pro-D-Val-Leu-D-Trp) (BQ-123) in isolated perfused atria to determine the effect of endogenously produced ET on the release ...
Axelrod F B - - 1995
Midodrine, a peripheral alpha-adrenergic agonist, was evaluated in 7 female and 2 male patients with familial dysautonomia (FD), a disorder characterized by decreased sympathetic innervation. Prior to and after three months of midodrine treatment, each patient's response to postural change was assessed by arteriosonde readings of blood pressure and heart ...
Bein T - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of fiberbronchoscopic alveolar lavage on hemodynamics, right ventricular function, and plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentrations in critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients. DESIGN: Prospective investigation. SETTING: Eight-bed ICU of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Fourteen patients with cardiovascular instability due to a systemic inflammatory response ...
Seymour A A - - 1995
We determined the renal and depressor activities of 10, 50, and 100 pmol/kg per minute i.v. of human atrial natriuretic peptide-(99-126) in conscious one-kidney, one clip dogs with chronic hypertension and modest renal dysfunction, as indicated by mild proteinuria. Atrial natriuretic peptide increased fractional sodium excretion by 0.009 +/- 0.002, ...
Hu N - - 1995
Ventricular filling is determined by a dynamic balance between atrial and ventricular load and function. The embryonic cardiovascular system undergoes simultaneous growth and morphogenesis at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels to match the embryo's geometrically increasing metabolic demands. As part of our long-term investigation of atrial/ventricular coupling during primary ...
Flickinger A L AL Division of Nephrology and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, - - 1995
To assess the relationship of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels with blood pressure levels and the occurrence of hypertension in a large population-based sample. We performed a cross-sectional study of the relationship between ANP levels and blood pressure levels, diagnosis of hypertension, and family history of hypertension in Caucasians ...
Flüge T - - 1995
Atrial natriuretic peptide (CDD/ANP-99-126) has been identified as a bronchodilator in various species including humans. We investigated the effect of urodilatin (CDD/ANP-95-126) in 18 clinically stable asthmatics showing an increase of the FEV1 by > or = 15% after salbutamol inhalation. Prior to the study inhaled beta 2-agonists were withheld ...
Viidas U - - 1995
Blood pressure regulation during intermittent hemodialysis treatment involves many different mechanisms. Eight normotensive patients without antihypertensive drugs on intermittent hemodialysis treatment, mean age 50 years, were studied with 24-hour blood pressure measurements. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and neuropeptide Y (NPY) were determined concomitantly. Eight control individuals matched for age and ...
Grimes R Y - - 1995
The noninvasive assessment of mitral regurgitation has been an elusive clinical goal. Recent studies have highlighted the value of pulmonary venous (PV) flow reversal in indicating the presence of severe regurgitation. The purpose of this study was to explore the basic determinants of PV inflow in the presence and absence ...
Tomiyama H - - 1995
We investigated the relationship between changes in atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and changes in cardiac function during mild exercise in patients with mild hypertension. The handgrip test (HGT) was performed by 21 untreated, mildly hypertensive patients, mean age 45 +/- 5 years. M-mode and pulse ...
Sideris D A - - 1995
A possible profibrillatory effect on the atria of an elevated atrial pressure and the site of atrial stimulation was examined. In 15 anesthetized dogs, right or left atrial or biatrial pacing was applied at a high rate (300-600/min) for 5 seconds at double threshold intensity under a wide range of ...
Jaekle R K RK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest University Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, - - 1995
Our purpose was to evaluate the hemodynamic and endocrine responses to elevations of atrial pressure in fetal sheep. By use of a randomized block design, 10 ovine fetuses underwent pulmonary artery constriction proximal to the ductus arteriosus with and without propranolol pretreatment. Atrial pressure doubled (p < 0.05), whereas mean ...
Clerico A - - 1995
Deficiencies in activity of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) system may be able to explain the disturbed electrolyte and fluid homeostasis occurring in chronic heart failure. Generally, in studies concerning the possible pathophysiologic role of ANP in heart failure, only the circulating levels of the hormone were measured. It has ...
Markhorst D G - - 1995
To assess presence, predominant direction and natural history of interatrial shunt flow in the normal newborn period an uncontrolled pilot study was performed. Twenty term ( > 36 completed weeks gestational age) newborns were studied using cross sectional, M-mode and colour Doppler echocardiography; cardiac, pulmonary or renal disease were excluded ...
Floras J S - - 1995
I have previously documented an inhibitory effect of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on postganglionic muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in normal subjects that was consistent with either a central or ganglionic sympathoinhibitory action. To test the latter hypothesis, I examined, in seven young normotensive men, the effect of saline (as ...
Kanda A - - 1995
We evaluated the relationship between changes in the atrioventricular (AV) intervals and right atrial monophasic action potential duration at 90% repolarization (RA-MAPD90) in humans. In 4 patients, RA-MAPD90 was measured during AV reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT, n = 2) or AV node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT, n = 2) and atrial or ...
Ellenbogen K A - - 1995
Several investigators have demonstrated that changes in atrial or ventricular pressure and size may modulate changes in electrophysiologic properties. The coupling of mechanical and electrical changes in the heart has been termed mechano-electrical feedback and is believed to play a role in arrhythmias observed with mitral valve disease, congestive heart ...
Bhunia S - - 1995
In order to investigate whether the sensitivity of atrial type-B receptors to its natural stimulus is altered during acute haemodilution, experiments were conducted in nine anaesthetized, artificially ventilated and thoracotomized cats. Haemodilution was achieved by replacement of blood by the same volume of dextran (MW 150000). Atrial receptor activity, arterial ...
Ota K - - 1995
To examine the role of vasopressin (AVP) receptors in the regulation of the hemodynamics and release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and the participation of renal nerve inputs in the osmotic AVP release, hypertonic saline (HS) was infused into conscious, bilaterally nephrectomized rats with non-peptide, selective antagonists for the V1-receptor ...
Hofmann T - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to compare measurements of pulmonary venous flow velocity obtained either by transesophageal Doppler echocardiography or by intravascular catheter Doppler velocimetry. Furthermore, the relation among pulmonary venous flow velocity, left atrial compliance and left atrial pressure was evaluated. BACKGROUND: Data about the relation between ...
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