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Ji Shu S Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Kunshan, affiliated with Jiangsu University, Suzhou, People's Republic of - - 2015
Pressure ulcers are a frequently encountered difficulty in clinical nursing care. In cases of pressure ulcers, continued pressure on soft tissue leads to pathological processes in affected tissues that include ischemia and hypoxia, nutritional and metabolic disorders, and degeneration and necrosis. Pressure ulcers are a common clinical complication. In February ...
Yamada Takuya T Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan, - - 2014
Steady pressure automatically controlled endoscopy (SPACE) is a new modality that eliminates on-demand insufflation but enables automatic insufflation in the gastrointestinal tract. Though its use in porcine esophageal ESD was reported to be promising, its applicability and potential effectiveness to gastric procedures have not been evaluated. The aims were (1) ...
- - 2014
Nurses at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust promoted awareness of pressure ulcers among staff, patients and the public to mark this year's Stop Pressure Ulcer Day.
Webster Joan J Joan Webster, RN, BA, Nursing Director, Research, RBWH, Herston, Queensland; Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Kessles Rd, Nathan, QLD; and School of Nursing & Midwifery, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia. Carolyn Lister, B App Sci (Nurs), Research Nurse, Perioperative Services, RBWH, Herston, Queensland, Australia. Jean Corry, EN (Advanced Practice), Research Nurse, Perioperative Services, RBWH, Herston, Queensland, Australia. Michelle Holland, RN, B.Bus., Risk Management Coordinator, Safety and Quality Unit, RBWH, Herston, Queensland, Australia. Kerrie Coleman, Dip ApSc, BNSc, MNclinical (Wound Management), M Nurs (Chronic Disease), Nurse Practitioner, Complex Wound Management, RBWH, Herston, Queensland, Australia. Louise Marquart, BSc, BEcon, BAppSc (Hons), B Biostat, Statistics Unit, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Queensland, - - 2014
To assess the incidence of hospital-acquired, surgery-related pressure injury (ulcers) and identify risk factors for these injuries. We used a prospective cohort study to investigate the research question. The study was conducted at a major metropolitan hospital iYn Brisbane, Australia. Five hundred thirty-four adult patients booked for any surgical procedure ...
Cox Jill J Jill Cox is an assistant professor of nursing at Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey. She maintains a clinical practice as an advanced practice and certified wound, ostomy, and continence nurse at Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, Englewood, New Jersey.Louisa Rasmussen is the registered dietician for the critical care service at Englewood Hospital and Medical Center. - - 2014
Prevention and healing of pressure ulcers in critically ill patients can be especially challenging because of the patients' burden of illness and degree of physiological compromise. Providing adequate nutrition may help halt the development or worsening of pressure ulcers. Optimization of nutrition can be considered an essential ingredient in prevention ...
Woodhouse Lucy L Tissue Viability Lead Clinical Specialist, Gloucestershire Care Services NHS - - 2014
This article describes how a community health-care trust achieved a reduction in acquired pressure ulcers. Commissioning for Quality and Innovation 2014/15 guidance states that provider organisations should work with their partners across their local health and social care system to address the causes of pressure ulcers and reduce their prevalence, ...
Lewis Robin R Centre for Health and Social Care Research at Sheffield Hallam - - 2014
Pressure ulcers are one of the main causes of avoidable harm in patients.
May Ruth R NHS England Midlands and - - 2014
In November 2011, NHS England Midlands and East launched Stop the Pressure, a campaign to reduce avoidable pressure ulcers and improve care for vulnerable patients.
Luboz V V UJF-Grenoble1/CNRS/TIMC-IMAG UMR 5525, 38041, Grenoble, France, - - 2014
Most posterior heel ulcers are the consequence of inactivity and prolonged time lying down on the back. They appear when pressures applied on the heel create high internal strains and the soft tissues are compressed by the calcaneus. It is therefore important to monitor those strains to prevent heel pressure ...
Segal Nicolas N Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMRS 942, AP-HP, Hôpital Lariboisière, Service des Urgences, F-75018, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main objective of this study was to compare the volume of gas insufflated in the stomach with continuous external chest compressions plus continuous oxygen insufflation (C-CPR) versus standard-CPR (S-CPR) which alternates external chest compressions and synchronized positive insufflations through a bag-valve-mask with a 30/2 ratio. The secondary objective was ...
Sterken David J DJ Pediatric Services, Helen DeVos Children's Hospital, Grand Rapids, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hospital acquired pressure ulcers (HAPU) are serious, debilitating, and preventable complications in all inpatient populations. Despite evidence of the development of pressure ulcers in the pediatric population, minimal research has been done. Based on observations gathered during quarterly HAPU audits, bedside nursing staff recognized trends in pressure ulcer locations that ...
Hoviattalab Khadijeh K Nursing Science, Charité-Unversitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
The study aimed to establish the range and extent of preventive interventions undertaken by nurses for patients who are at high risk of developing or currently have a pressure ulcer. Since 2000, the German National Expert Standard for the prevention of pressure ulcers has provided evidence-based recommendations, but limited studies ...
Roberts Shelley S Shelley Roberts, MNutrDiet, PhD candidate, Centre for Health Practice Innovation, and School of Public Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. Ben Desbrow, PhD, Associate Professor, Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Griffith Health Institute, and School of Public Health, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. Wendy Chaboyer, PhD, Director, NHMRC Centre for Research Excellence in Nursing, Griffith Health Institute and Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to explore (a) patients' perceptions of the role of nutrition in pressure ulcer prevention; and (b) patients' experiences with dieticians in the hospital setting. Interpretive qualitative study. The sample comprised 13 females and 7 males. Their mean age was 61.3 ± 12.6 years (mean ...
Clegg Rosie R Tissue Viability Nurse Specialist, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
The objective of this systematic literature review was to gain insight into the effectiveness of off-loading devices to prevent heel pressure ulcers within the acute hospital setting. Heels have been identified as the second most common site for pressure ulcers. Devices which off-load pressure can include pillows, wedges and boots. ...
Malbrain Manu L N G ML - - 2014
The recent definitions on intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), intra-abdominal volume (IAV) and abdominal compliance (Cab) are a step forward in understanding these important concepts. They help our understanding of the pathophysiology, aetiology, prognosis, and treatment of patients with low Cab. However, there is still a relatively poor understanding of the different ...
Li Xinhui X Department of Animal & Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE - - 2014
We compared high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) inactivation results of murine norovirus (MNV-1) and Tulane virus (TV) obtained through the porcine gastric mucin binding assay (referred to as PGM-MB/PCR assay) and plaque assay and evaluated HHP inactivation of human norovirus (HuNoV) GI.1 and GII.4 strains using the PGM-MB/PCR assay. Viruses were ...
Bliss Donna Z DZ University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess whether there are racial and ethnic disparities in the time to development of a pressure ulcer and number of pressure ulcer treatments in individuals aged 65 and older after nursing home admission. Multi-level predictors of time to a pressure ulcer from three ...
Tyagi Prashant P Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, St. Stephen's Hospital, Tis Hazari, New Delhi, 110054, India, - - 2014
To study intra-gastric pressures in neonates receiving bubble continuous positive airway pressure (BCPAP) by nasopharyngeal prong. Twenty seven neonates were recruited for the study. BCPAP pressure of 6 cm water was used in all the neonates. A pressure sensor attached to orogastric tube, measured the intra-gastric pressure prior to starting BCPAP ...
Serpa Letícia Faria LF Letícia Faria Serpa, BSN, PhD, Head Nurse, Institute of Education and Sciences, Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Vera L. C. G. Santos, BSN, PhD, CETN (TiSOBEST), Associate Professor, Medical-Surgical Nursing Department, University of São Paulo School of Nursing (EE-USP), São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to analyze the validity of the nutrition subscale from the Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Sore Risk in hospitalized patients. A prospective, quasi-experimental, repeated-measures design guided data collection and analysis. One hundred seventy adult patients from 2 private hospitals located in urban areas in ...
Van Stappen Johan - - 2014
Gastric residual volume (GRV) can be measured in a variety of ways in critically ill patients, most often, the nasogastric tube is disconnected and the GRV is aspirated via a 60 mL syringe. Bladder pressure (IBP) measurement is the gold standard for intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) estimation. This study will look ...
Jennings Jo J Northampton General - - 2014
Nurses are often faced with the complex challenge of preventing pressure ulcers and patient falls. Risk assessment and providing the right pressure-redistributing mattresses combined with correct use of bed rails is essential.
Cvetkovic Aleksandar M AM Faculty of Medical sciences, University in Kragujevac, Svetozara Markovica 69, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main goal of this study was to numerically quantify risk of duodenal stump blowout after Billroth II (BII) gastric resection. Our hypothesis was that the geometry of the reconstructed tract after BII resection is one of the key factors that can lead to duodenal dehiscence. We used computational fluid ...
Maguiña Pirko P From the Department of Surgery, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento; and Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California, - - 2014
Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) are a problem that has been under increased scrutiny in recent years. To help reduce the incidence of HAPUs and to improve their management, a burn unit-centered wound care team was established. The team decided to pursue two goals: to identify opportunities for improvement that may ...
Pant Sushil S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sydney Adventist Hospital and University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the risks of shoulder arthroscopy in the beach-chair position (BCP) as opposed to the lateral decubitus position. The challenge during general anesthesia, particularly with the patient in the BCP, has been to ascertain the lower limit of blood pressure autoregulation, correctly measure mean arterial pressure, and adequately adjust ...
Schubbert A A Institute of Animal Welfare and Animal Husbandry, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Doernbergstrasse 25/27, 29223 Celle, - - 2014
Rubber mats offer a possibility to increase lying comfort for sows with positive effects on sow lying behavior and health. However, until now, no information has been reported about the relationship between the softness of rubber mats and the pressure load on certain body areas of sows. We used a ...
Bredesen Ida Marie IM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Oslo University Hospital, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pressure ulcers are preventable adverse events. Organizational differences may influence the quality of prevention across wards and hospitals. To investigate the prevalence of pressure ulcers, patient-related risk factors, the use of preventive measures and how much of the pressure ulcer variance is at patient, ward and hospital level. A cross-sectional ...
Hu Minyi M Department of Biomedical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY - - 2014
Interstitial bone fluid flow (IBFF) is suggested as a communication media that bridges external physical signals and internal cellular activities in the bone, which thus regulates bone remodeling. Intramedullary pressure (ImP) is one main regulatory factor of IBFF and bone adaptation related mechanotransduction. Our group has recently observed that dynamic ...
Schubbert A A Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Institute of Animal Welfare and Animal Husbandry, Doernbergstrasse 25/27, 29223 Celle, - - 2014
Rubber mats offer a possibility to increase lying comfort for sows with positive effects on sows lying behavior and health. However, until now there is no information about the relationship between softness of rubber mats and pressure load on certain body areas of sows. We used a total of 68 ...
Efrati Shai S Research and Development Unit, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Affiliated with the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, 70300, Zerifin, Israel, - - 2014
Early detection of accidental endobronchial intubation (EBI) is still an unsolved problem in anesthesia and critical care daily practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of monitoring above cuff CO2 to detect EBI (the working hypothesis was that the origin of CO2 is from the unventilated, ...
Spapen Herbert H Intensive Care Department, University Hospital, Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Laarbeeklaan, 101, 1090, Brussels, Belgium, - - 2014
Within continuously controlled limits of cuff pressure, an endotracheal tube cuff made of polyurethane (PU) prevents secretion inflow better than a conventional polyvinylchloride cuff. However, the temperature difference between ventilator gas and the air inside a PU cuff produces condensation droplets that accumulate in the cuff inflation canal. We investigated ...
Xiao Jianwei J State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, - - 2014
Phase stability limit of cubic boron nitride (c-BN) has been investigated by the crystal structure search technique. It indicated that this limit is ∼1000 GPa at hydrostatic pressure condition. Above this pressure, c-BN turns into a metastable phase with respect to rocksalt type boron nitride (rs-BN). However, rs-BN cannot be ...
Zheng Dingchang D Cardiovascular Physics and Engineering Research Group, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle, NE2 4HH, UK, - - 2014
Blood pressure (BP) measurement accuracy depends on consistent changes in Korotkoff sounds (KorS) for manual measurement and oscillometric pulses for automated measurement, yet little is known about the direct effect of respiration on these physiological signals. The aim of this research was to quantitatively assess the modulation effect of respiration ...
Beaugerie Aurélien A Department of Urology, Pitié-Salpétrière Academic Hospital, Pierre et Marie Curie University, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Some patients fitted with an AMS 800™ type artificial urinary sphincter report urinary leaks in the sitting position whose mechanism remains unclear. In this experimental study we explain these residual leaks by characterizing fluid transfer and pressure variations in the device during cuff compression. Two complete sets of AMS 800 ...
Jagannath M M Rehabilitation Bioengineering Group, Department of Engineering Design, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036, India; Department of Biomedical Engineering, SMK Fomra Institute of Technology, Chennai 603103, - - 2014
Driver fatigue is an important contributor to road accidents. This paper reports a study that evaluated driver fatigue using multimodal fatigue measures, i.e., surface electromyography (sEMG), electroencephalography (EEG), seat interface pressure, blood pressure, heart rate and oxygen saturation level. Twenty male participants volunteered in this study by performing 60 min of ...
Fok Henry H King's College London, British Heart Foundation Centre, London, United - - 2014
Augmentation pressure (AP), the increment in aortic pressure above its first systolic shoulder, is thought to be determined mainly by pressure wave reflection but could be influenced by ventricular ejection characteristics. We sought to determine the mechanism by which AP is selectively reduced by nitroglycerin (NTG). Simultaneous measurements of aortic ...
Adepalli Kiran Kumar KK Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany. r.merkle@fkf.mpg.de - - 2014
The influence of line defects (dislocations) on the electrical properties of polycrystalline TiO2 was investigated. Line defects were created in TiO2 during spark plasma sintering at 1000 °C and 400 MPa. TEM characterisation indicates dislocations to be preferably oriented on {110} and {101} planes. The measured electrical conductivity as a ...
Zhu Richard R Department of Anesthesiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, P.O. Box 208051, New Haven, CT, 06520-8051, - - 2014
During shoulder surgery, patients typically are placed in the beach chair position. In rare cases, this positioning has resulted in devastating outcomes of postoperative cerebral ischemia (Cullen and Kirby in APSF Newsl 22(2):25-27, 2007; Munis in APSF Newsl 22(4):82-83, 2008). This study presents a method to noninvasively and continuously hemodynamically ...
Silva Sandra Regina Ramos SR Universidade Mogi das Cruzes, São PauloSP, Brazil, MSc, Professor, Universidade Mogi das Cruzes, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
to identify, in 2011, rates of hypertension, cardiovascular and gestational problems in subjects presenting high blood pressure in 1982, when correct cuff size was used, according to the American Heart Association Arm Circumference/Cuff Width ratio of 0.40. high blood pressure was defined in 2011 as systolic = 115 mmHg and ...
Park Chloe M CM aInternational Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London & Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust bDepartment of Bioengineering, Imperial College London, London, - - 2013
Aortic (central) blood pressure (BP) differs from brachial BP and may be a superior predictor of cardiovascular events. However, its measurement is currently restricted to research settings, owing to a moderate level of operator dependency. We tested a new noninvasive device in a large UK cohort. The device estimates central ...
Raab A M - - 2013
Study design:Randomized, within-in participant cross-over study.Objective:The purpose of this study was to determine the effect on comfort and pressure of lying with the shoulders and bed in different positions for people with tetraplegia.Setting:Rehabilitation hospital.Methods:Twenty people with tetraplegia were tested lying supine with the shoulders and bed in seven different positions. ...
Grant Thomas T Royal Bournemouth Hospital. - - 2013
Inflation and measurement of endotracheal (ET) tube cuff pressure is often not seen as a critical aspect of care in surgical patients. The morbidity associated by an overinflated cuff has been regularly highlighted in literature, for example mucosal ulceration (Combes et al 2001) and vocal cord paralysis (Holley & Gildea ...
Hersh Lawrence T - - 2013
There has been a growing need for and interest in measuring noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) in obese patients. In many situations, available rectangular upper arm blood pressure cuffs do not fit properly, closing in a crisscross manner or overlapping the elbow. To address this issue, GE Healthcare has designed a ...
Zeng Wei-Fang - - 2013
The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the automated oscillometric upper-arm blood pressure monitor A&D UA-1020 with six different-shaped or different-sized cuffs according to the British Hypertension Society protocol. We recruited 136 individuals for four D-ring cuffs (adult, large, small, and medium) and 114 individuals for two cylindrical ...
Zheng Dingchang D Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle University, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different mechanical behaviour of the brachial artery on blood pressure (BP) measurements during cuff inflation and deflation. BP measurements were taken from each of 40 participants, with three repeat sessions under three randomized cuff deflation/inflation conditions. Cuff pressure was ...
Okuno Daichi D Laboratory for Cell Dynamics Observation, Quantitative Biology Center, Riken, Furuedai, Suita, Osaka, - - 2013
F1-ATPase is the water-soluble part of ATP synthase and is an ATP-driven rotary molecular motor that rotates the rotary shaft against the surrounding stator ring, hydrolyzing ATP. Although the mechanochemical coupling mechanism of F1-ATPase has been well studied, the molecular details of individual reaction steps remain unclear. In this study, ...
Starck Christoph T - - 2013
Based on a ferromagnetic silicone cuff for extra-aortic counterpulsation, a new assist device concept was developed. The driving force is generated by an external magnetic field, which leads to contraction of a soft magnetic cuff. The force generation capacity of the device was tested in a silicone aorta model. Magnetic ...
Wohlfahrt Peter - - 2013
Central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) can be derived by the general transfer function of the radial pressure wave, as used in the SphygmoCor device, or by regression equation from directly measured late systolic shoulder of the radial pressure wave (pSBP2), as used in the Omron HEM-9000AI device. The aim of ...
Grant Thomas - - 2013
Inflation and measurement of endotracheal (ET) tube cuff pressure is often not seen as a critical aspect of care in surgical patients. The morbidity associated by an overinflated cuff has been regularly highlighted in literature, for example mucosal ulceration (Combes et al 2001) and vocal cord paralysis (Holley & Gildea ...
Miyashita Hiroshi - - 2013
In hypertension clinics, central blood pressure (CBP) should be estimated, instead of directly measured, by the "signal processing" of a noninvasive peripheral pressure waveform. This paper deals with the data obtained in our three separate studies focusing on a major estimation method, i.e., radial artery late systolic shoulder pressure (rSBP2)-based ...
Zheng Yali - - 2013
A wearable cuff-less pulse transit time (PTT) based monitoring device is developed for ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. Ten healthy subjects (aged 27±4 years old) underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring using 1) a standard brachial cuff-based oscillometric device as reference and 2) the proposed cuff-less PTT measuring system. Raw PTT ...
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