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Results 401 - 450 of 2372
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Choi Sung Uk - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether propofol protects against postischemic myocardial dysfunction and apoptosis during reperfusion after prolonged cold ischemia in isolated rat hearts. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING: A university laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Animals. INTERVENTIONS: The isolated hearts of 40 Sprague-Dawley male rats were perfused with modified Krebs-Hennseleit solution for ...
Cuzzocrea Salvatore - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of TDZD-8, a potent and selective GSK-3beta inhibitor, on tissue injury caused by ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) of the gut. Animal study in the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Messina, Italy. Splanchnic artery occlusion (SAO) shocked rats. I/R injury ...
Amorim F F - - 2007
We analyzed the effects of saline infusion for the maintenance of blood volume on pulmonary gas exchange in ischemia-reperfusion syndrome during temporary abdominal aortic occlusion in dogs. We studied 20 adult mongrel dogs weighing 12 to 23 kg divided into two groups: ischemia-reperfusion group (IRG, N = 10) and IRG ...
Ruixing Yin - - 2007
The effects of trimetazidine on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and hemodynamics in a rabbit model of ischemia-reperfusion were determined. Thirty male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into sham, control, and treated groups (n = 10). Trimetazidine (2 mg/kg(-1)/day(-1)) was fed for 2 weeks to treated animals before the procedure. Control ...
Fantinelli Juliana C - - 2007
1. We reported recently the cardioprotection conferred by a non-alcoholic extract of Cabernet-Sauvignon red wine (RWE) against alterations derived from ischaemia and reperfusion in normotensive rats. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of RWE on ischaemia/reperfusion injury in hearts isolated from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). ...
Hickey Edward J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is frequently used in infants undergoing the Norwood procedure. These infants are necessarily hypoxemic after separation from CPB. Considerable energy has been spent characterizing the physiological and histological consequences of DHCA, but these have largely focused on a normoxemic period of reperfusion. Furthermore, evidence ...
Gori Tommaso - - 2007
AIMS: Nitroglycerin (GTN) modulates tissue damage induced by ischaemia and reperfusion (IR) in a mechanism that is similar to ischaemic preconditioning. We set out to study, using a human model of endothelial IR injury, whether GTN-induced endothelial preconditioning is mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and/or opening of mitochondrial ...
Hochhauser Edith - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The increased susceptibility to ischemic injury of hypertrophied hearts has long been recognized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-ischemic pharmacological preconditioning (PC) with adenosine A(1) or A(3) receptor activation, on the recovery of the isolated myocardium post cardioplegic ischemia. In addition, we examined ...
Camara Amadou K S - - 2007
We have shown that cold perfusion of hearts generates reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS). In this study, we determined 1) whether ROS scavenging only during cold perfusion before global ischemia improves mitochondrial and myocardial function, and 2) which ROS leads to compromised cardiac function during ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) ...
Robinet Arnaud - - 2007
Ischemic heart disease in diabetic patients might be linked to the accumulation of advanced-glycation end products (AGEs). In ischemic rat hearts, expression of receptor for AGEs and its ligands is significantly enhanced and involved in cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury even in the absence of diabetes. It has recently been reported ...
Kang Moonkyu - - 2007
Aurantii Fructus (AF) is one of the most well-known traditional herbal medicines frequently used for the treatment of cardiovascular symptoms in Korea. The anti-ischemic effects of AF on ischemia-induced isolated rat heart were investigated through analyses of changes in perfusion pressure, aortic flow, coronary flow, and cardiac output. The subjects ...
Imahashi Kenichi - - 2007
In the myocardium, the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform-1 (NHE1) activity is detrimental during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, causing increased intracellular Na(+) (Na(i)(+)) accumulation that results in subsequent Ca(2+) overload. We tested the hypothesis that increased expression of NHE1 would accentuate myocardial I/R injury. Transgenic mice were created that increased the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger ...
Tosaka Shinya - - 2007
PURPOSE: Ischemic preconditioning is mediated by the activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase-Akt (PI3K-Akt) and by the inhibition of the opening of a mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) during early reperfusion. Preischemic administration of the phosphodiesterase type III inhibitor olprinone protects the myocardium against infarction, but its mechanism has not been fully ...
Sidi Avner - - 2007
This study examined milrinone effects on ischaemic myocardial metabolism and function with calcium blockade. We studied 15 pigs in 3 groups: group C received no drugs; group D received diltiazem 5 mg bolus followed by infusion; group D+M received diltiazem and milrinone (50microg/Kg). The left anterior descending (LAD) artery was ...
Pisarenko O I - - 2007
Isolated perfused hearts of Wistar rats subjected to total ischemia and reperfusion were used to examine the possibility of moderating damage to cardiomyocyte membranes with reperfusion solution containing l-aspartic acid, d-glucose, and d-mannitol. During the first 5 minutes of reperfusion, this solution significantly improved recovery of the pumping and contractile ...
Papadimitriou Dimitrios K - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the intraluminal intestinal administration of oxygenated perfluorocarbon, during experimental acute intestinal ischemia, on the acid-base blood status and the cardiopulmonary parameters. METHODS: Thirty-six rabbits were separated into three groups: (a) Control group (ischemia alone), (b) PFC-O2 group (ischemia ...
Guth Stefan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ischaemia-reperfusion injury is still a major problem after lung transplantation. Several reports describe the benefits of controlled graft reperfusion. In this study the role of length of the initial pressure-controlled reperfusion (PCR) was evaluated in a model of isolated, buffer-perfused rabbit lungs. METHODS: Heart-lung blocks of 25 New Zealand ...
Sakanashi Makiko - - 2007
1. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effects of landiolol, a short-acting selective beta(1)-adrenoceptor blocking agent, on mechanical and metabolic changes in postischaemic perfused hearts. 2. Rat isolated hearts (n = 30) were randomly separated into non-ischaemic or ischaemic groups. The latter group was further divided ...
Kimura-Kurosawa Saori - - 2007
PURPOSE: The authors examined the cardioprotective effect of landiolol, an ultra short-acting, highly selective beta1-blocker, and its role in cardiac work, antioxidative effect, and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function in hearts subjected to ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: Isolated guinea pig hearts were subjected to ischemia-reperfusion by stopping the perfusion for 45 min and ...
Ozeki Toshinaga - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cold static storage (CS) is a proven preservation method for heart transplantion, yet early postoperative graft dysfunction remains prevalent, so continuous perfusion (CP) during ex vivo transport may improve viability and function of heart grafts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Canine hearts underwent CP (n=9) or CS (n=9) for 6 h ...
Martins Antônio Sérgio - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the effectiveness of the continuous, blood, antegrade-retrograde cardioplegia in an experimental model of isolated heart, evaluating ventricular function. METHODS: Rabbits were divided into four groups: Control--C(n=10); ischemic crystalloid cardioplegia--IC(n=10); ischemic blood cardioplegia--IB(n=10); ischemic non cardioplegia--INC(n=10). After the ischemic protocol period the ventricular function was analyzed by the ...
Barthel Holger - - 2007
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta is converted into its active form by interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE). Circulating cytokines may promote myocardial dysfunction (stunning) after ischemia. To investigate whether ICE inhibition by HMR-3840 improves myocardial stunning in vivo. Anesthetized (isoflurane and fentanyl) pigs were used for measurement of left ventricular (LV) ...
Raghuvanshi Rashmi - - 2007
Reperfusion of infarcted myocardium by thrombolysis is the major technique used to restore blood supply. Reperfusion, however, is associated with a burst of oxygen consumption, with the resultant excessive generation of free radicals causing reperfusion injury. In the present study, the effect of vitamin E administration on the status of ...
Marina Prendes María G - - 2007
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects the heart against subsequent sustained ischemia reperfusion (RP). Despite many triggers and signaling pathways, which seem to be involved in IPC, the IPC-mechanisms remain a controversial issue. One of them is endogenous production of nitric oxide (NO). To assess the role of NO in IPC and ...
Podesser Bruno K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Female gender is associated with reduced tolerance against acute ischemic events and a higher degree of left ventricular hypertrophy under chronic pressure overload. We tested whether female and male rats with left ventricular hypertrophy present the same susceptibility to demand ischemia. METHODS: Hearts from hypertrophied female and male salt-resistant ...
Makazan Zhanna - - 2007
To study the mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction due to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, rat hearts were subjected to 20 or 30 min of global ischemia followed by 30 min of reperfusion. After recording both left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) to monitor the status of cardiac performance, mitochondria ...
Zhai W - - 2006
CD26/Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV is an integral membrane protein of lymphocytes that modulates the activities of chemokines, interleukins, and neuropeptides. We investigated the effect of enzymatic DPP IV inhibition on ischemia/reperfusion injury after extended ischemia prior to transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a syngeneic rat (Lewis) orthotopic left lung ...
Zhang Yun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Inhibition of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) may protect the ischaemic reperfused myocardium by attenuating sodium overload. This study investigated the time-dependent beneficial effect of the NHEI inhibitor cariporide and the effect on early apoptosis in a rat model of ischaemia and reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS: The hearts of rats were ...
Tsai Cheng-Chia - - 2006
The present study was performed to assess the prophylactic effect of platonin, a cyanine photosensitizing dye and an inhibitor of proinflammatory cytokines, in an animal model of heatstroke. Anesthetized rats were immediately divided into 2 major groups after the start of heat stress and administered either isotonic sodium chloride solution ...
Hirai Masaya - - 2007
The protective effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCg) or the C-2 epimer, (-)-gallocatechin-3-gallate (GCg), afforded by their antioxidative activity among green tea catechins were investigated in perfused guinea-pig Langendorff hearts subjected to ischemia and reperfusion. The recovery (%) of the left ventricular developed pressure from ischemia by reperfusion was 34.4% in the ...
Yildiz Gülüzar - - 2007
Recent studies have been focused on the protective role of ischemic preconditioning against ischemia-reperfusion injury of the lung occurring following cardiopulmonary by-pass surgery and lung or heart transplantation. The present study was undertaken to investigate the role of adenosine in ischemic preconditioning in the isolated buffer-perfused rat lung. Since the ...
Mokni Meherzia - - 2007
We have studied some hemodynamic parameters as heart rate (HR) developed pressure (DP) and maximal positive values of the first derivative of pressure (+dP/dt max) in isolated heart from control or resveratrol treated rats. In acute ex vivo experiments, resveratrol (1-100 microM) infusion in Langendorff perfused hearts did not affect ...
Figoni Stephen F - - 2006
We studied 31 subjects with severe leg ischemia and 29 age-matched nonischemic control subjects to compare preamputation assessments of leg ischemia using laser Doppler imaging (LDI), transcutaneous partial pressure of oxygen (TcPO(2)), and transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (TcPCO(2)). TcPO(2) and TcPCO(2) were evaluated with Novametrix Medical Systems, Inc, ...
Schanzer Andres - - 2006
Diagnosis of hand ischemia secondary to an arteriovenous (AV) hemodialysis access is predominantly based on clinical findings. Occasionally, this diagnosis is unclear and more objective diagnostic testing is needed. No validated method of objective testing currently exists. The purpose of this study is to evaluate digital pressure measurements in the ...
Singh R Ramesh - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High ventilation and perfusion pressures after lung transplantation may have deleterious effects. We hypothesized that using combined protective approaches for ventilation and perfusion would be optimal for reducing injury and improving function after ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: Using an isolated, blood-perfused, rabbit lung model, lungs underwent 120 minutes of reperfusion either ...
Marcil Mariannick - - 2006
Although mitochondrial dysfunction has often been associated to heart failure, it has been suggested that it may represent only a late phenomenon in the disease process. We hypothesized that mitochondrial vulnerability to stress could be impaired in hypertrophied but non-decompensated hearts at a time when overt mitochondrial defects are not ...
Ota Shuhei - - 2007
Ischemia-reperfusion not only damages the affected organ but also leads to remote organ injuries. Hepatic inflow interruption usually occurs during hepatic surgery. To investigate the influence of liver ischemia-reperfusion on lung injury and to determine the contribution of tidal volume settings on liver ischemia-reperfusion-induced lung injury, we studied anesthetized and ...
Otani Hajime - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The hypothesis that mechanical stress during reperfusion produces myocyte oncosis and inhibits apoptosis was tested in the present study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Isolated and perfused rat hearts were subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 150 min reperfusion. In the control-reperfusion heart, the form of myocyte death was a ...
Ross James D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine retards myocardial acidosis during ischemia. The authors measured function of rat isolated hearts after prolonged storage to determine whether bupivacaine improves cardiac protection compared with standard cardioplegia alone. METHODS: After measuring cardiac function on a Langendorff apparatus, hearts were perfused with cardioplegia alone (controls), cardioplegia containing 500 microm ...
Leprán István - - 2006
The preconditioning effects of levosimendan were investigated on ischemia-reperfusion induced morphological and functional cardiac damage. Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts were reserved as controls or subjected either to global myocardial ischemic preconditioning or to perfusion with levosimendan (0.1 micromol/l) for two 5-minute cycles. After a washout period, all hearts were then subjected ...
Vessey Donald A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sphingosine kinase (SKase) has been implicated in the protection of hearts from ischemia/reperfusion injury. This hypothesis was further examined. MATERIAL/METHODS: Changes in SKase activity and cardiac function (left ventricular developed pressure, LVDP, and infarct size) in response to ischemia and reperfusion were studied in adult rat hearts by the ...
Hotta Yoshihiro - - 2006
Each individual and pure catechin isolated from green tea was investigated as to its myocardial or blood pressure effects. The nitric oxide (NO) electrode and fluorometry were used to monitor changes in the NO and Ca(2+) contents of the heart, together with simultaneous recordings of the left ventricular developed pressure. ...
Chen Qun - - 2006
Cardiac mitochondria sustain damage during ischemia and reperfusion, contributing to cell death. The reversible blockade of electron transport during ischemia with amobarbital, an inhibitor at the rotenone site of complex I, protects mitochondria against ischemic damage. Amobarbital treatment immediately before ischemia was used to test the hypothesis that damage to ...
Castro Carlos H - - 2006
In this study we investigated the role of Mas on cardiac function during ischemia/reperfusion in isolated perfused mouse heart. Following a stabilization period of 30 min, hearts from WT and Mas KO mice were subjected to global ischemia. After 20 min of ischemia, the flow was restarted and the hearts ...
Kim Jong-Hoon - - 2006
Nelumbinis Semen (NS), or lotus seed, is one of the most well-known traditional herbal medicines and is frequently used to treat cardiovascular symptoms in Korea. The anti-ischemic effects of NS on ischemia-induced isolated rat heart were investigated through analyses of changes in blood pressure, aortic flow, coronary flow, and cardiac ...
Genade S S Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Stellenbosch; Cape Heart Centre, University of Cape Town, South - - 2006
The powerful cardioprotective actions of melatonin, the chief secretory product of the pineal gland, have been attributed largely to its free radical-scavenging properties. Free radicals play an important role in the triggering action of ischaemic preconditioning, the phenomenon whereby exposure of the heart to one or more short episodes of ...
Gonsolin D - - 2007
Although the causal relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and hypertension is not fully resolved, the importance of IR in cardiovascular dysfunction is recognized. As IR may follow excess sucrose or fructose diet, the aim of this study was to test whether dietary starch substitution with sucrose results in myocardial dysfunction ...
Iwata Kazumi - - 2006
Aldose reductase (AR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, although the clinical efficacy of AR inhibitors has not been clearly proven. To clarify the pathophysiological role of AR in the heart, we investigated effects of AR inhibitors applied either during the pre-ischemic phase, or during the post-ischemic ...
Jia Xiaofeng X Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2006
We test the hypothesis that quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) can be used to objectively assess functional electrophysiological recovery of brain after hypothermia in an asphyxial cardiac arrest rodent model. Twenty-eight rats were randomly subjected to 7-min (n = 14) and 9-min (n = 14) asphyxia times. One half of each group ...
Hsu Shu-Fen - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to assess the therapeutic effect of hypothermic retrograde jugular vein flush (HRJVF) on heatstroke. HRJVF was accomplished by infusion of 4 degrees C isotonic sodium chloride solution via the external jugular vein (1.7 mL/100 g of body weight over 5 min). Immediately after ...
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