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Results 401 - 450 of 2355
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Sakanashi Makiko - - 2007
1. The aim of the present study was to clarify the effects of landiolol, a short-acting selective beta(1)-adrenoceptor blocking agent, on mechanical and metabolic changes in postischaemic perfused hearts. 2. Rat isolated hearts (n = 30) were randomly separated into non-ischaemic or ischaemic groups. The latter group was further divided ...
Kimura-Kurosawa Saori - - 2007
PURPOSE: The authors examined the cardioprotective effect of landiolol, an ultra short-acting, highly selective beta1-blocker, and its role in cardiac work, antioxidative effect, and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function in hearts subjected to ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: Isolated guinea pig hearts were subjected to ischemia-reperfusion by stopping the perfusion for 45 min and ...
Ozeki Toshinaga - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cold static storage (CS) is a proven preservation method for heart transplantion, yet early postoperative graft dysfunction remains prevalent, so continuous perfusion (CP) during ex vivo transport may improve viability and function of heart grafts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Canine hearts underwent CP (n=9) or CS (n=9) for 6 h ...
Martins Antônio Sérgio - - 2007
PURPOSE: To study the effectiveness of the continuous, blood, antegrade-retrograde cardioplegia in an experimental model of isolated heart, evaluating ventricular function. METHODS: Rabbits were divided into four groups: Control--C(n=10); ischemic crystalloid cardioplegia--IC(n=10); ischemic blood cardioplegia--IB(n=10); ischemic non cardioplegia--INC(n=10). After the ischemic protocol period the ventricular function was analyzed by the ...
Barthel Holger - - 2007
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 beta is converted into its active form by interleukin-1 beta-converting enzyme (ICE). Circulating cytokines may promote myocardial dysfunction (stunning) after ischemia. To investigate whether ICE inhibition by HMR-3840 improves myocardial stunning in vivo. Anesthetized (isoflurane and fentanyl) pigs were used for measurement of left ventricular (LV) ...
Raghuvanshi Rashmi - - 2007
Reperfusion of infarcted myocardium by thrombolysis is the major technique used to restore blood supply. Reperfusion, however, is associated with a burst of oxygen consumption, with the resultant excessive generation of free radicals causing reperfusion injury. In the present study, the effect of vitamin E administration on the status of ...
Marina Prendes María G - - 2007
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects the heart against subsequent sustained ischemia reperfusion (RP). Despite many triggers and signaling pathways, which seem to be involved in IPC, the IPC-mechanisms remain a controversial issue. One of them is endogenous production of nitric oxide (NO). To assess the role of NO in IPC and ...
Podesser Bruno K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Female gender is associated with reduced tolerance against acute ischemic events and a higher degree of left ventricular hypertrophy under chronic pressure overload. We tested whether female and male rats with left ventricular hypertrophy present the same susceptibility to demand ischemia. METHODS: Hearts from hypertrophied female and male salt-resistant ...
Makazan Zhanna - - 2007
To study the mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction due to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, rat hearts were subjected to 20 or 30 min of global ischemia followed by 30 min of reperfusion. After recording both left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) and end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) to monitor the status of cardiac performance, mitochondria ...
Zhai W - - 2006
CD26/Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV is an integral membrane protein of lymphocytes that modulates the activities of chemokines, interleukins, and neuropeptides. We investigated the effect of enzymatic DPP IV inhibition on ischemia/reperfusion injury after extended ischemia prior to transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a syngeneic rat (Lewis) orthotopic left lung ...
Zhang Yun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Inhibition of Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) may protect the ischaemic reperfused myocardium by attenuating sodium overload. This study investigated the time-dependent beneficial effect of the NHEI inhibitor cariporide and the effect on early apoptosis in a rat model of ischaemia and reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS: The hearts of rats were ...
Tsai Cheng-Chia - - 2006
The present study was performed to assess the prophylactic effect of platonin, a cyanine photosensitizing dye and an inhibitor of proinflammatory cytokines, in an animal model of heatstroke. Anesthetized rats were immediately divided into 2 major groups after the start of heat stress and administered either isotonic sodium chloride solution ...
Hirai Masaya - - 2007
The protective effects of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCg) or the C-2 epimer, (-)-gallocatechin-3-gallate (GCg), afforded by their antioxidative activity among green tea catechins were investigated in perfused guinea-pig Langendorff hearts subjected to ischemia and reperfusion. The recovery (%) of the left ventricular developed pressure from ischemia by reperfusion was 34.4% in the ...
Yildiz Gülüzar - - 2007
Recent studies have been focused on the protective role of ischemic preconditioning against ischemia-reperfusion injury of the lung occurring following cardiopulmonary by-pass surgery and lung or heart transplantation. The present study was undertaken to investigate the role of adenosine in ischemic preconditioning in the isolated buffer-perfused rat lung. Since the ...
Mokni Meherzia - - 2007
We have studied some hemodynamic parameters as heart rate (HR) developed pressure (DP) and maximal positive values of the first derivative of pressure (+dP/dt max) in isolated heart from control or resveratrol treated rats. In acute ex vivo experiments, resveratrol (1-100 microM) infusion in Langendorff perfused hearts did not affect ...
Figoni Stephen F - - 2006
We studied 31 subjects with severe leg ischemia and 29 age-matched nonischemic control subjects to compare preamputation assessments of leg ischemia using laser Doppler imaging (LDI), transcutaneous partial pressure of oxygen (TcPO(2)), and transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (TcPCO(2)). TcPO(2) and TcPCO(2) were evaluated with Novametrix Medical Systems, Inc, ...
Schanzer Andres - - 2006
Diagnosis of hand ischemia secondary to an arteriovenous (AV) hemodialysis access is predominantly based on clinical findings. Occasionally, this diagnosis is unclear and more objective diagnostic testing is needed. No validated method of objective testing currently exists. The purpose of this study is to evaluate digital pressure measurements in the ...
Singh R Ramesh - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High ventilation and perfusion pressures after lung transplantation may have deleterious effects. We hypothesized that using combined protective approaches for ventilation and perfusion would be optimal for reducing injury and improving function after ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: Using an isolated, blood-perfused, rabbit lung model, lungs underwent 120 minutes of reperfusion either ...
Marcil Mariannick - - 2006
Although mitochondrial dysfunction has often been associated to heart failure, it has been suggested that it may represent only a late phenomenon in the disease process. We hypothesized that mitochondrial vulnerability to stress could be impaired in hypertrophied but non-decompensated hearts at a time when overt mitochondrial defects are not ...
Ota Shuhei - - 2007
Ischemia-reperfusion not only damages the affected organ but also leads to remote organ injuries. Hepatic inflow interruption usually occurs during hepatic surgery. To investigate the influence of liver ischemia-reperfusion on lung injury and to determine the contribution of tidal volume settings on liver ischemia-reperfusion-induced lung injury, we studied anesthetized and ...
Otani Hajime - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The hypothesis that mechanical stress during reperfusion produces myocyte oncosis and inhibits apoptosis was tested in the present study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Isolated and perfused rat hearts were subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 150 min reperfusion. In the control-reperfusion heart, the form of myocyte death was a ...
Ross James D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine retards myocardial acidosis during ischemia. The authors measured function of rat isolated hearts after prolonged storage to determine whether bupivacaine improves cardiac protection compared with standard cardioplegia alone. METHODS: After measuring cardiac function on a Langendorff apparatus, hearts were perfused with cardioplegia alone (controls), cardioplegia containing 500 microm ...
Leprán István - - 2006
The preconditioning effects of levosimendan were investigated on ischemia-reperfusion induced morphological and functional cardiac damage. Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts were reserved as controls or subjected either to global myocardial ischemic preconditioning or to perfusion with levosimendan (0.1 micromol/l) for two 5-minute cycles. After a washout period, all hearts were then subjected ...
Vessey Donald A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sphingosine kinase (SKase) has been implicated in the protection of hearts from ischemia/reperfusion injury. This hypothesis was further examined. MATERIAL/METHODS: Changes in SKase activity and cardiac function (left ventricular developed pressure, LVDP, and infarct size) in response to ischemia and reperfusion were studied in adult rat hearts by the ...
Hotta Yoshihiro - - 2006
Each individual and pure catechin isolated from green tea was investigated as to its myocardial or blood pressure effects. The nitric oxide (NO) electrode and fluorometry were used to monitor changes in the NO and Ca(2+) contents of the heart, together with simultaneous recordings of the left ventricular developed pressure. ...
Chen Qun - - 2006
Cardiac mitochondria sustain damage during ischemia and reperfusion, contributing to cell death. The reversible blockade of electron transport during ischemia with amobarbital, an inhibitor at the rotenone site of complex I, protects mitochondria against ischemic damage. Amobarbital treatment immediately before ischemia was used to test the hypothesis that damage to ...
Castro Carlos H - - 2006
In this study we investigated the role of Mas on cardiac function during ischemia/reperfusion in isolated perfused mouse heart. Following a stabilization period of 30 min, hearts from WT and Mas KO mice were subjected to global ischemia. After 20 min of ischemia, the flow was restarted and the hearts ...
Kim Jong-Hoon - - 2006
Nelumbinis Semen (NS), or lotus seed, is one of the most well-known traditional herbal medicines and is frequently used to treat cardiovascular symptoms in Korea. The anti-ischemic effects of NS on ischemia-induced isolated rat heart were investigated through analyses of changes in blood pressure, aortic flow, coronary flow, and cardiac ...
Genade S S Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Stellenbosch; Cape Heart Centre, University of Cape Town, South - - 2006
The powerful cardioprotective actions of melatonin, the chief secretory product of the pineal gland, have been attributed largely to its free radical-scavenging properties. Free radicals play an important role in the triggering action of ischaemic preconditioning, the phenomenon whereby exposure of the heart to one or more short episodes of ...
Gonsolin D - - 2007
Although the causal relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and hypertension is not fully resolved, the importance of IR in cardiovascular dysfunction is recognized. As IR may follow excess sucrose or fructose diet, the aim of this study was to test whether dietary starch substitution with sucrose results in myocardial dysfunction ...
Iwata Kazumi - - 2006
Aldose reductase (AR) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, although the clinical efficacy of AR inhibitors has not been clearly proven. To clarify the pathophysiological role of AR in the heart, we investigated effects of AR inhibitors applied either during the pre-ischemic phase, or during the post-ischemic ...
Jia Xiaofeng - - 2006
We test the hypothesis that quantitative electroencephalogram (qEEG) can be used to objectively assess functional electrophysiological recovery of brain after hypothermia in an asphyxial cardiac arrest rodent model. Twenty-eight rats were randomly subjected to 7-min (n = 14) and 9-min (n = 14) asphyxia times. One half of each group ...
Hsu Shu-Fen - - 2006
The purpose of the present study was to assess the therapeutic effect of hypothermic retrograde jugular vein flush (HRJVF) on heatstroke. HRJVF was accomplished by infusion of 4 degrees C isotonic sodium chloride solution via the external jugular vein (1.7 mL/100 g of body weight over 5 min). Immediately after ...
Bugger Heiko - - 2006
In spite of opposing changes in rates of adenosine triphosphate turnover, hypertrophy and atrophy of the heart are accompanied by the same changes in gene expression, resembling a fetal genotype. Fetal hearts are characterized by increased ischemia tolerance. We assessed respiratory capacity of mitochondrial subpopulations from unloaded and pressure-overloaded hearts ...
Chen Fengshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It seems inevitable that non-beating-heart donors will be utilized to resolve the shortage of donors for clinical lung transplantation. The control of warm ischemia-reperfusion injury is crucial in manipulating non-beating-heart donors. We hypothesized that nebulization of a beta2-adrenoreceptor agonist, salmeterol xinafoate (SLM), during warm ischemia would increase lung tissue ...
Chang Piek Ngoh - - 2006
The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of purified Salvia miltiorrhiza extract (PSME) on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in isolated rat hearts. Hearts were excised and perfused at constant flow (7 - 9 ml.min(-1)) via the aorta. Non-recirculating perfusion with Krebs-Henseleit (KH) solution was maintained at ...
Florian Tomas - - 2006
The present 15 days study was undertaken to evaluate the cardioprotective potential of the prenylated isoflavones osajin and pomiferin isolated from the infructences of Maclura pomifera, Moraceae, against ischemia-reperfusion induced injury in rat hearts as a model of antioxidant-based composite therapy. The study was performed on isolated, modified Langendorff-perfused rat ...
Bopassa J C - - 2006
We investigated whether low-pressure reperfusion may attenuate postischemic contractile dysfunction, limits necrosis and apoptosis after a prolonged hypothermic ischemia, and inhibits mitochondrial permeability transition-pore (MPTP) opening. Isolated rats hearts (n = 72) were exposed to 8 h of cold ischemia and assigned to the following groups: 1) reperfusion with low ...
Furuta Sadayoshi - - 2006
KP-102, a synthetic growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide, exerts a variety of effects on cardiac function. In the present study, we investigated the direct cardiac effects of KP-102 with regard to ischemia/reperfusion injury by using isolated rat hearts. Isolated Wistar rat hearts were mounted on a Langendorff apparatus and subjected to ...
Mieno Shigetoshi - - 2006
The effect of the ultra-short-acting beta blocker, landiolol, on ischemic preconditioning was examined in isolated rabbit hearts. Ischemic preconditioned hearts received 2 episodes of 5 min each of global ischemia and reperfusion. The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded for 1 hour and reperfused for 1 hour. Left ventricular ...
Harnish Douglas C - - 2006
We previously reported on the development of a pathway-selective estrogen receptor (ER) ligand, WAY-169916, that has ER-dependent antiinflammatory activity and is devoid of classic ER transcriptional activity. In the current study, WAY-169916 and 17beta-estradiol (17beta-E2) were evaluated for protective activity in models of cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury. In rats subjected to ...
Janata Andreas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Induction of deep cerebral hypothermia before reperfusion might improve neurologic outcome after cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that an aortic flush with cold saline during cardiac arrest is able to induce deep cerebral hypothermia and that the cooling efficiency can be enhanced by a) increasing the arteriovenous pressure gradient during ...
Hauser Balázs - - 2006
Inhibition of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) improved hemodynamics and organ function in various shock models induced by sepsis or ischemia/reperfusion. PARP-1, however, is also referred to play a pivotal role for the maintenance of genomic integrity. Therefore, we investigated the effect of the PARP-1 blocker INO-1001 on hemodynamics, kidney ...
Verma Daya D - - 2006
Earlier demonstrated cardio-protection by ATP-loaded liposomes (ATP-L) was further improved by attachment of cardiac myosin-specific monoclonal 2G4 antibody onto the surface of ATP-L. ATP-IL were infused for 1 min duration before starting the global ischemia for 25 min followed by reperfusion for 30 min in an isolated rat heart. The ...
Besirli K - - 2006
Improved preservation of the harvested heart with attenuation of the reperfusion injury is important for successful outcomes of cardiac transplantations. The most commonly used cardioplegic solution, to prevent ischemic changes has been St Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution (STHCS). However, it is neither ideal nor sufficient to prevent myocardial ischemia and ...
Zhang S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, a necessary consequence of transplantation, is probably related to the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The ROS burst within the first moments of reperfusion is associated with injury, continuously generate O2- at about 3% to 5% of total O2 consumption owing to electron leak ...
Christé Georges - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is debated whether brain death (BD) causes transient functional ischemia. In this investigation we used monophasic action potential (AP) recording during BD as a sensitive means to assess: (i) whether ischemia was present; and (ii) the effect of BD on a subsequent ischemia-reperfusion challenge. METHODS: In Period 1, ...
Szabó Gábor - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Inosine, a break-down product of adenosine, has been recently shown to exert inodilatory and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated the effects of inosine on ischemia/reperfusion injury in a rat heart transplantation model. METHODS: Intraabdominal heterotopic transplantation was performed in Lewis rats. After 1h of ischemic preservation, reperfusion was started after ...
Peart Jason N - - 2006
A 5-day exposure to morphine exerts a profound cardioprotective phenotype in murine hearts. In the present study, we examined mechanisms by which morphine generates this effect, exploring the roles of G(i) and G(s) proteins, PKA, PKC, and beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-AR) in acute and chronic opioid preconditioning. Langendorff-perfused hearts from placebo, ...
Oshima Kiyohiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase (COX) is an intracellular enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandin endoperoxide (PGG(2)). There are two isoforms of COX, namely constitutive COX-1 and inducible COX-2. It has been reported that COX-2 plays an important role in ischemia-reperfusion injury and that COX-2 mRNA and protein expression were up-regulated during ...
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