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Results 351 - 400 of 2382
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Hanouz Jean-Luc - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Etomidate and ketamine are used during induction of anesthesia in high-risk patients. However, their effects on action potential (AP) variables and ischemia/reperfusion-induced arrhythmias and conduction blocks are unknown. METHODS: Guinea pig right ventricular muscle strips were mounted in a 5-mL double chamber bath with the strips separated into two ...
He Wei - - 2008
Sevoflurane and propofol are effective cardioprotective anaesthetic agents, though the cardioprotection of propofol has not been shown in humans. Their roles and underlying mechanisms in anesthetic postconditioning are unclear. Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening is a major cause of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Here we investigated sevoflurane- and propofol-induced postconditioning and ...
Guzman Michael J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a central growth and survival factor for both the endothelium and the myocardium. Recent evidence also suggests that VEGF may play a critical role in stem-cell-mediated paracrine cardioprotection. However, the acute effect of exogenous VEGF on myocardium after ischemia, indeed whether isolated VEGF ...
Huang Ruiping - - 2008
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a potent vasodilator released from capsaicin-sensitive C-fiber and Adelta-fiber sensory nerves, has been suggested to play a beneficial role in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Because most previous studies showing a cardioprotective role of CGRP employed pharmacological experiments, the purpose of this study was to utilize a ...
Ofir Michal - - 2008
During ischemia, endogenous glycogen becomes the principal substrate for energy through glycolysis. Cardiac-specific manipulation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) by over-expression of its regulatory gamma-subunit induces glycogen storage. The aim of this study was to examine whether heart glycogen in transgenic mice overexpressing PRKAG2 may protect from ischemia and reperfusion ...
Colantuono Giuseppe - - 2008
1. One hour exposure to hyperoxia has been shown previously to limit a subsequent ischaemia-reperfusion injury in spontaneously breathing rats. We tested the cardioprotective effect of a shorter period of hyperoxia during mechanical ventilation and the possible contribution of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channels. 2. ...
Chamogeorgakis Themistocles P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of N-acetyl-L-cysteine on lung ischaemia reperfusion injury. METHODS: Nineteen pigs were used. Group I (n = 5) underwent sham operation, group II (n = 7) 90-min left-lung ischaemia followed by 180-min reperfusion. In group III (n = 7) ...
Haley Sheila A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Myocardial hypoxic-ischemic injury is the cause of significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The cardiomyocyte response to hypoxic-ischemic injury is known to include changes in cell cycle regulators. The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p57Kip2 is involved in cell cycle control, differentiation, stress signaling and apoptosis. In contrast to other cyclin-dependent kinase ...
Lauzier Benjamin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that ischemia lasting more than 4 hours affects cardiac allograft survival. Ischemia and reperfusion are associated with additional deleterious effects. Protective effects of preconditioning are already being used but protocols based on postconditioning have not been evaluated. We tested the impact of postconditioning on hearts maintained ...
Chen Qun Q Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2008
Cardiac ischemia decreases complex III activity, cytochrome c content, and respiration through cytochrome oxidase in subsarcolemmal mitochondria (SSM) and interfibrillar mitochondria (IFM). The reversible blockade of electron transport with amobarbital during ischemia protects mitochondrial respiration and decreases myocardial injury during reperfusion. These findings support that mitochondrial damage occurs during ischemia ...
Tsukada Yayoi T - - 2007
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been considered to play an important role in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We used SEW2871 (SEW), a novel receptor-selective agonist for S1P1, to elucidate the role of S1P1 in myocardial I/R. Isolated perfused rat hearts exposed to S1P (1 and 10 mM) or SEW (1 and 0.1 mM) ...
Vanderhaegen J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The tissue oxygenation index (TOI), measured by spatially resolved spectroscopy (SRS), reflects the ratio between oxygenated and deoxygenated tissue hemoglobin. We investigated whether liver TOI is a noninvasive parameter for early detection of intestinal ischemia. METHODS: In seven adult New Zealand rabbits the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and vein ...
Pantos Constantinos - - 2007
Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury have been extensively investigated in the laboratory mainly in healthy tissues. However, in clinical settings, ischemic heart disease coexists with certain illnesses, which could potentially influence the response of the myocardium to ischemia and reperfusion. Recent research has revealed that the abnormal heart may not ...
Isaka Mitsuhiro - - 2007
PURPOSE: Under myocardial reperfusion conditions, hemoglobin (Hb)-based artificial blood showed effectiveness for post-ischemic dysfunction. However, there are no studies about the effects of this product on reperfusion arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation, VF) associated with norepinephrine (NE) release. This study was to evaluate the effects of the timing of the administration of ...
Watanabe T - - 2007
The present study demonstrated the feasibility of monitoring nitric oxide (NO) and pO2 levels under ischemic conditions associated with small bowel ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through the use of selective electrodes for NO and oxygen molecules. NO levels gradually increased during ischemia. When reperfusion was started, the NO level decreased suddenly ...
Bolotin Gil - - 2007
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury is common during cardiac procedures. Glutamine may protect the myocardium by preserving metabolic substrates. Glutamine (0.52 g x kg(-1)) or Ringer's lactate solution (control group) was administered intraperitoneally to 63 Sprague-Dawley rats at 4 or 18 hours prior to experimental ischemia and reperfusion. The hearts were excised ...
Desrois Martine - - 2008
Myocardial injury caused by prolonged storage compromises post-transplantation contractile performance and induces endothelial injury. The aim of this study was to compare a solution developed in our laboratory [Centre de Résonance Magnétique Biologique et Médicale (CRMBM) solution] with a widely used solution (Celsior, Genzyme, Saint Germain en Laye, France). Metabolic ...
Huffman Lynn C - - 2008
Preconditioning (PC) protects against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury via the activation of the JAK-STAT pathway. We hypothesized that the mediators responsible for PC can be transferred to naive myocardium through the coronary effluent. Langendorff-perfused hearts from male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to paired donor/acceptor protocols with or without PC in the ...
Chappell Daniel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hydrocortisone protects against ischemia-reperfusion injury, reduces paracellular permeability for macromolecules, and is routinely applied in the prevention of interstitial edema. Healthy vascular endothelium is coated by the endothelial glycocalyx, diminution of which increases capillary permeability, suggesting that the glycocalyx is a target for hydrocortisone action. METHODS: Isolated guinea pig ...
Hallström Seth - - 2008
AIMS: Uncoupled endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is a major contributor to vascular reactive oxygen species generation in ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Supplementation of NO by the novel NO donor S-nitroso human serum albumin (S-NO-HSA) may inhibit uncoupling of eNOS (feedback inhibition). METHODS AND RESULTS: Pigs (n = 14; 33.1 +/- ...
Rossoni G - - 2008
Hydrogen sulphide (H(2)S) is an endogenous gaseous mediator active in the multilevel regulation of pathophysiological functions in mammalian cardiovascular tissues. This study investigated the pharmacological activity of a new H(2)S-releasing derivative of diclofenac, S-diclofenac (2-[(2,6-dichlorophenyl)amino]benzeneacetic acid 4-(3H-1,2-dithiole-3-thione-5-yl)-phenyl ester) in the isolated rabbit heart submitted to low-flow ischaemia-reperfusion damage. S-diclofenac (3, ...
Marchesi Marta - - 2008
Irreversible myocardial injury is a potential consequence of coronary artery revascularization. Reperfusion leads to the production of oxidized products that can damage myocardium. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are effective at removing oxidized lipids. We hypothesized that a synthetic HDL preparation, comprising recombinant apolipoprotein A-I(Milano) (apoA-I(M)) complexed with 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine (POPC) (apoA-I(M)/POPC) ...
Suleiman M-S - - 2008
Open-heart surgery triggers an inflammatory response that is largely the result of surgical trauma, cardiopulmonary bypass, and organ reperfusion injury (e.g. heart). The heart sustains injury triggered by ischaemia and reperfusion and also as a result of the effects of systemic inflammatory mediators. In addition, the heart itself is a ...
Liu Zhonglin Z University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, - - 2008
(99m)Tc-sestamibi has been proposed as a viability imaging agent. The purposes of this study were: (1) to determine the relationship between myocardial viability and (99m)Tc-sestamibi kinetics using perfused rat heart models across a full spectrum of viability, (2) to do so under conditions where myocardial flow was controlled and held ...
Lawrence Jennifer J Center for Perinatal Biology, Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA 92350, - - 2008
In the present study we tested the hypothesis that prenatal nicotine exposure increases heart susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in adult offspring. Nicotine was administered to pregnant rats via subcutaneous osmotic minipumps throughout gestation. Nicotine treatment resulted in a rapid and transient decrease in food-intake and a moderate decrease in ...
Prendes María G Marina - - 2008
1. The aim of the present study was to assess whether protection afforded by the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger blocker dimethylamiloride (DMA) is associated with inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). The effects of DMA were compared with those of cyclosporine (Cs) A, an inhibitor of MPT. 2. Rat hearts were Langendorff ...
Inci Ilhan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) is an alternative strategy to increase the limited number of donors. The ex vivo evaluation has been proposed to assess the function of the lungs from NHBDs as an interim evaluation of the graft before transplantation. We evaluated the effect of a fibrinolytic ...
Bopassa J C - - 2007
Previous studies have shown the capacity of low-pressure (LP) reperfusion to protect the ischemic heart. The present study sought to determine the optimal time for the application of LP reperfusion. Isolated rat hearts (n = 30) were exposed to 40 minutes of global warm ischemia followed by 70 minutes of ...
Yapici D - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Levosimendan has a cardioprotective action by inducing coronary vasodilatation and preconditioning by opening KATP channels. The aim of this study was to determine whether levosimendan enhances myocardial damage during hypothermic ischaemia and reperfusion in isolated rat hearts. METHODS: Twenty-one male Wistar rats were divided into three groups. ...
Wee Shirley - - 2007
P2 purinoceptor modulation of injury during ischemia-reperfusion was studied in murine hearts. Effects of P2 agonism or antagonism, and interstitial accumulation of P2 agonists (UTP, ATP, and ADP), were assessed in Langendorff perfused hearts during 20 min of ischemia and 45 min of reperfusion. In control hearts, ventricular pressure development ...
Omata Jiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Glutamine (GLN) treatment prior to gut ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) reportedly preserves gut glutathione levels and gut barrier function. We hypothesized that intraluminal GLN during ischemia would also protect against gut I/R. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After randomization to control and GLN groups, mice were exposed to 75 min (Exp 1) or ...
Tsutsumi Yasuo M YM Department of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego and VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California 92161, - - 2007
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by ischemic and pharmacological preconditioning are known to act as triggers of cardiac protection; however, the involvement of ROS in ischemic and pharmacological postconditioning (PostC) in vivo and in vitro is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that ROS are involved in PostC in the mouse ...
Nakano Hiroshi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the neuroprotective effect of mild hypothermia during temporary focal ischemia in cats. METHOD: 20 cats underwent middle cerebral artery 60 minutes occlusion and 24 hours reperfusion: 10 under normothermia and 10 under mild hypothermia (32 masculine C). Brain coronal sections 2mm thick were stained with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium hydrochloride, ...
Palenciano C G - - 2007
Our goal was to determine the hemodynamic changes that are witnessed during the initial minutes of reperfusion of the graft in liver xenotransplantation from pig to baboon. METHOD: We studied a group of 12 baboons undergoing transplantation of a pig liver via the classic technique with arterial anastomosis to the ...
Woodcock Elizabeth A - - 2007
1. Several mouse strains have been prepared in which different subtypes of the alpha1-adrenoceptor (AR) are overexpressed or deleted. The phenotypes of the animals generated vary depending on whether the receptors are expressed specifically in heart or generally throughout the animal, but some overall conclusions can be drawn. 2. Heightened ...
Luptak Ivan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A shift of substrate preference toward glucose in the heart is considered a reversion to fetal metabolic profile, but its role in the pathogenesis of cardiac diseases is incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a 2-year follow-up study in transgenic mice with sustained high glucose uptake and utilization ...
Crisostomo Paul R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acute treatment with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) reduces myocardial infarct size by multiple mechanisms, including the paracrine release of protective growth factors. Female MSCs produce more growth factor when stressed; therefore, we hypothesized that myocardial protection provoked by female MSCs would be greater than that elicited by ...
Charniot Jean-Christophe - - 2007
Xenotransplantation (XT) reveals a growing interest for the treatment of cardiomyopathy. The major barrier is an acute vascular rejection due to an acute humoral rejection. This pathogenesis is a difficult issue and in order to elaborate means for its prevention, we analysed the implication of oxidative stress (OS) on hearts ...
Sung Miranda M - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 mediates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury which is characterized by enhanced peroxynitrite biosynthesis during early reperfusion. Direct infusion of peroxynitrite into isolated hearts activates MMP-2 prior to the loss in mechanical function. The mechanical dysfunction is prevented by MMPs inhibitors. MMP-2 is also found in the sarcomere of cardiomyocytes ...
Geudens Nele - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lungs donated after cardiac death (DCD) may significantly reduce current organ shortage. However, the warm ischemic period following circulatory arrest may enhance ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). We investigated the possible therapeutic effect of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), a potent anti-oxidative agent on IRI in a porcine ex vivo lung reperfusion model. ...
Merin Ofer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Accumulating clinical experience with ozone administration for conditions associated with ischemia has been encouraging. The aim of our study was to determine the effect of ozone on reperfusion injury in an isolated rat heart model. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were perfused with modified Krebs-Henseleit buffer solution via ascending aorta ...
Posma Lisanne A E - - 2007
PURPOSE: Experimental data suggest that transient preoperative ischemia and reperfusion may compromise anastomotic strength. However, data on this subject are equivocal, in particular as to the onset and duration of this effect. This study was designed to comprehensively characterize the effects of profound transient intestinal ischemia on anastomotic healing during ...
Al-Rashdan Ibrahim - - 2007
The present study was designed to see if acute local inhibition of Ras-GTPase before or after ischemia (during perfusion) would produce protection against ischemia and reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac dysfunction. The effect of glibenclamide, an inhibitor of cardiac mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channels, on Ras-GTPase-mediated cardioprotection was also studied. A 40 ...
Ichioka Shigeru - - 2007
The leukocyte-endothelium interaction is known to contribute to reperfusion injury, which is considered to participate in the pathophysiology of pressure ulcers, and integrin alphaV beta3 (alphavbeta3) has been shown to mediate the processes of cellular adhesion in various types of cells. This study aims to clarify leukocyte behavior in our ...
Bickel Amitai - - 2007
To validate ischemia-reperfusion mechanism during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and to assess the reduction of oxidative stress by an intermittent sequential pneumatic compression (ISPC) device. Increased intraperitoneal pressure during laparoscopic operations may lead to decreased cardiac output and visceral perfusion, and possible ischemia-reperfusion effects. Using the ISPC device was shown to improve ...
Posma Lisanne A E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Transient intestinal ischemia can reduce anastomotic strength, which poses an increased risk of complications. The objective of this study is to establish if a prolonged interval between profound ischemia and construction of an anastomosis affects anastomotic strength. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were used: in experimental groups, profound mesenteric ischemia ...
Wairiuko George M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In many clinical scenarios, a relatively untrained right ventricle may be subjected to acute elevations in pulmonary artery and right ventricular pressures. The right and left heart are distinctly different in this regard and there is currently no in vivo model to study right ventricular ischemia in the setting ...
Liu Jia J Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294-0005, - - 2007
We have previously shown that preischemic treatment with glucosamine improved cardiac functional recovery following ischemia-reperfusion, and this was mediated, at least in part, via enhanced flux through the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway and subsequently elevated O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) protein levels. However, preischemic treatment is typically impractical in a clinical setting; therefore, ...
Huseidzinović Ino - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the cardioprotective effect of sevoflurane on a beating heart in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with normal preoperative left ventricular function. METHODS: The randomized controlled study included 32 patients induced with sevoflurane and then randomized to receive either 1 minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) end-tidal concentration of ...
Takarabe Kyoumi - - 2007
The cardioprotective efficacy of nicorandil in cardiac surgery was determined using a surgically relevant 4-hr cardioplegic arrest model. Each isolated rabbit heart was parabiotically blood-perfused using a modified Langendorff column. The magnitude of left ventricular developed pressure and rate of change of developed pressure over time were measured before (baseline) ...
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