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Results 351 - 400 of 2358
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Lawrence Jennifer - - 2008
In the present study we tested the hypothesis that prenatal nicotine exposure increases heart susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in adult offspring. Nicotine was administered to pregnant rats via subcutaneous osmotic minipumps throughout gestation. Nicotine treatment resulted in a rapid and transient decrease in food-intake and a moderate decrease in ...
Prendes María G Marina - - 2008
1. The aim of the present study was to assess whether protection afforded by the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger blocker dimethylamiloride (DMA) is associated with inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). The effects of DMA were compared with those of cyclosporine (Cs) A, an inhibitor of MPT. 2. Rat hearts were Langendorff ...
Inci Ilhan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) is an alternative strategy to increase the limited number of donors. The ex vivo evaluation has been proposed to assess the function of the lungs from NHBDs as an interim evaluation of the graft before transplantation. We evaluated the effect of a fibrinolytic ...
Bopassa J C - - 2007
Previous studies have shown the capacity of low-pressure (LP) reperfusion to protect the ischemic heart. The present study sought to determine the optimal time for the application of LP reperfusion. Isolated rat hearts (n = 30) were exposed to 40 minutes of global warm ischemia followed by 70 minutes of ...
Yapici D - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Levosimendan has a cardioprotective action by inducing coronary vasodilatation and preconditioning by opening KATP channels. The aim of this study was to determine whether levosimendan enhances myocardial damage during hypothermic ischaemia and reperfusion in isolated rat hearts. METHODS: Twenty-one male Wistar rats were divided into three groups. ...
Wee Shirley - - 2007
P2 purinoceptor modulation of injury during ischemia-reperfusion was studied in murine hearts. Effects of P2 agonism or antagonism, and interstitial accumulation of P2 agonists (UTP, ATP, and ADP), were assessed in Langendorff perfused hearts during 20 min of ischemia and 45 min of reperfusion. In control hearts, ventricular pressure development ...
Omata Jiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Glutamine (GLN) treatment prior to gut ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) reportedly preserves gut glutathione levels and gut barrier function. We hypothesized that intraluminal GLN during ischemia would also protect against gut I/R. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After randomization to control and GLN groups, mice were exposed to 75 min (Exp 1) or ...
Tsutsumi Yasuo M - - 2007
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by ischemic and pharmacological preconditioning are known to act as triggers of cardiac protection; however, the involvement of ROS in ischemic and pharmacological postconditioning (PostC) in vivo and in vitro is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that ROS are involved in PostC in the mouse ...
Nakano Hiroshi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the neuroprotective effect of mild hypothermia during temporary focal ischemia in cats. METHOD: 20 cats underwent middle cerebral artery 60 minutes occlusion and 24 hours reperfusion: 10 under normothermia and 10 under mild hypothermia (32 masculine C). Brain coronal sections 2mm thick were stained with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium hydrochloride, ...
Palenciano C G - - 2007
Our goal was to determine the hemodynamic changes that are witnessed during the initial minutes of reperfusion of the graft in liver xenotransplantation from pig to baboon. METHOD: We studied a group of 12 baboons undergoing transplantation of a pig liver via the classic technique with arterial anastomosis to the ...
Woodcock Elizabeth A - - 2007
1. Several mouse strains have been prepared in which different subtypes of the alpha1-adrenoceptor (AR) are overexpressed or deleted. The phenotypes of the animals generated vary depending on whether the receptors are expressed specifically in heart or generally throughout the animal, but some overall conclusions can be drawn. 2. Heightened ...
Luptak Ivan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A shift of substrate preference toward glucose in the heart is considered a reversion to fetal metabolic profile, but its role in the pathogenesis of cardiac diseases is incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a 2-year follow-up study in transgenic mice with sustained high glucose uptake and utilization ...
Crisostomo Paul R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acute treatment with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) reduces myocardial infarct size by multiple mechanisms, including the paracrine release of protective growth factors. Female MSCs produce more growth factor when stressed; therefore, we hypothesized that myocardial protection provoked by female MSCs would be greater than that elicited by ...
Charniot Jean-Christophe - - 2007
Xenotransplantation (XT) reveals a growing interest for the treatment of cardiomyopathy. The major barrier is an acute vascular rejection due to an acute humoral rejection. This pathogenesis is a difficult issue and in order to elaborate means for its prevention, we analysed the implication of oxidative stress (OS) on hearts ...
Sung Miranda M - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 mediates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury which is characterized by enhanced peroxynitrite biosynthesis during early reperfusion. Direct infusion of peroxynitrite into isolated hearts activates MMP-2 prior to the loss in mechanical function. The mechanical dysfunction is prevented by MMPs inhibitors. MMP-2 is also found in the sarcomere of cardiomyocytes ...
Geudens Nele - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lungs donated after cardiac death (DCD) may significantly reduce current organ shortage. However, the warm ischemic period following circulatory arrest may enhance ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). We investigated the possible therapeutic effect of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), a potent anti-oxidative agent on IRI in a porcine ex vivo lung reperfusion model. ...
Merin Ofer - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Accumulating clinical experience with ozone administration for conditions associated with ischemia has been encouraging. The aim of our study was to determine the effect of ozone on reperfusion injury in an isolated rat heart model. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were perfused with modified Krebs-Henseleit buffer solution via ascending aorta ...
Posma Lisanne A E - - 2007
PURPOSE: Experimental data suggest that transient preoperative ischemia and reperfusion may compromise anastomotic strength. However, data on this subject are equivocal, in particular as to the onset and duration of this effect. This study was designed to comprehensively characterize the effects of profound transient intestinal ischemia on anastomotic healing during ...
Al-Rashdan Ibrahim - - 2007
The present study was designed to see if acute local inhibition of Ras-GTPase before or after ischemia (during perfusion) would produce protection against ischemia and reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac dysfunction. The effect of glibenclamide, an inhibitor of cardiac mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (mitoK(ATP)) channels, on Ras-GTPase-mediated cardioprotection was also studied. A 40 ...
Ichioka Shigeru - - 2007
The leukocyte-endothelium interaction is known to contribute to reperfusion injury, which is considered to participate in the pathophysiology of pressure ulcers, and integrin alphaV beta3 (alphavbeta3) has been shown to mediate the processes of cellular adhesion in various types of cells. This study aims to clarify leukocyte behavior in our ...
Bickel Amitai - - 2007
To validate ischemia-reperfusion mechanism during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and to assess the reduction of oxidative stress by an intermittent sequential pneumatic compression (ISPC) device. Increased intraperitoneal pressure during laparoscopic operations may lead to decreased cardiac output and visceral perfusion, and possible ischemia-reperfusion effects. Using the ISPC device was shown to improve ...
Posma Lisanne A E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Transient intestinal ischemia can reduce anastomotic strength, which poses an increased risk of complications. The objective of this study is to establish if a prolonged interval between profound ischemia and construction of an anastomosis affects anastomotic strength. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were used: in experimental groups, profound mesenteric ischemia ...
Wairiuko George M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In many clinical scenarios, a relatively untrained right ventricle may be subjected to acute elevations in pulmonary artery and right ventricular pressures. The right and left heart are distinctly different in this regard and there is currently no in vivo model to study right ventricular ischemia in the setting ...
Liu Jia - - 2007
We have previously shown that preischemic treatment with glucosamine improved cardiac functional recovery following ischemia-reperfusion, and this was mediated, at least in part, via enhanced flux through the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway and subsequently elevated O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) protein levels. However, preischemic treatment is typically impractical in a clinical setting; therefore, ...
Huseidzinović Ino - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the cardioprotective effect of sevoflurane on a beating heart in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with normal preoperative left ventricular function. METHODS: The randomized controlled study included 32 patients induced with sevoflurane and then randomized to receive either 1 minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) end-tidal concentration of ...
Takarabe Kyoumi - - 2007
The cardioprotective efficacy of nicorandil in cardiac surgery was determined using a surgically relevant 4-hr cardioplegic arrest model. Each isolated rabbit heart was parabiotically blood-perfused using a modified Langendorff column. The magnitude of left ventricular developed pressure and rate of change of developed pressure over time were measured before (baseline) ...
Kotani Yasuhiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Oxygen-derived free radicals are responsible in part for reperfusion injury in globally ischemic myocardium. In this study, the efficacy for resuscitation of nonbeating donor hearts of MCI-186, a free-radical scavenger and antioxidant, was investigated in a pig transplantation model. METHODS: Cardiac arrest was induced by asphyxiation. After 30 minutes ...
Shin B S - - 2007
PURPOSE: The reperfusion period during liver transplantation is hemodynamically unstable. Accurate blood pressure measurements are the mainstay for the efficient management of abrupt cardiovascular changes. We sought to compare femoral arterial blood pressure (FABP) with radial arterial blood pressure (RABP) and noninvasive upper arm blood pressure (NIBP) in the reperfusion ...
Huizar Jose F - - 2007
Changes in ventricular fibrillation (VF) organization occurring after the onset of global ischemia are relevant to defibrillation and survival but remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that ischemia-specific dynamic instability of the action potential (AP) causes a loss of spatiotemporal periodicity of propagation and broadening of the electrocardiogram (ECG) frequency spectrum ...
Lee Ju-Han - - 2007
To investigate the involvement of reperfusion-induced salvage kinases (RISK) as possible signaling molecules for the cardioprotective effects of BMS-180448, a prototype mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (mitoK(ATP)) channel opener, we measured its cardioprotective effects in a rat model of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) heart injury, together with western blotting analysis of five different signaling ...
Ulus A Tulga - - 2007
The periods of ischemia and reperfusion represent different characteristics by lack of oxygen and reoxygenation. The aim of this experimental spinal cord injury model was to investigate whether resveratrol has protective effects during ischemia or reperfusion and the mechanism of the protection by using N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), an inhibitor ...
Schneider Hans-Jürgen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Moderate hypotension during hemodynamically stable ventricular tachycardia (VT), leads to cerebral ischemia. Supplementation of d-ribose has been shown to improve cardiac metabolism. We hypothesized that cerebral ischemia during slow VT may lead to the expression of immediate early genes related to neurodegeneration. This expression may be prevented by d-ribose ...
Shi Enyi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Paraplegia caused by spinal cord ischemia remains a serious complication after surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. This study tests the hypothesis that controlled low-pressure perfusion at the beginning of reperfusion can attenuate neurologic injury of the spinal cord after transient ischemia. METHODS: Spinal cord ischemia was accomplished in ...
Muinck Ebo D De - - 2007
PR-39, a proline-arginine-rich angiogenic response peptide, has been implicated in myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury. The present study examined the cardioprotective abilities of PR39 gene therapy. Male C57Bl/J6 mice were randomized to intramyocardial injecton of 10(9) p.f.u. adenovirus encoding PR39 (PR39), FGFR1 dominant negative signaling construct (FGFR1-dn), empty vector (EV), or ...
Pan Yi - - 2007
Normobaric hyperoxia treatment has recently been demonstrated to be remarkably beneficial in acute focal ischemia. The present study compared hyperoxia treatment with a novel heliox treatment. Adult male rats breathed 30% oxygen and 70% nitrogen (control group), 100% oxygen (hyperoxia group), or 30% oxygen and 70% helium (heliox group) during ...
Khaliulin Igor - - 2007
We investigate whether temperature preconditioning (TP), induced by short-term hypothermic perfusion and rewarming, may protect hearts against ischaemic/reperfusion injury like ischaemic preconditioning (IP). Isolated rat hearts were perfused for 40 min, followed by 25 min global ischaemia and 60 min reperfusion (37 degrees C). During pre-ischaemia, IP hearts underwent three ...
Choi Sung Uk - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether propofol protects against postischemic myocardial dysfunction and apoptosis during reperfusion after prolonged cold ischemia in isolated rat hearts. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING: A university laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Animals. INTERVENTIONS: The isolated hearts of 40 Sprague-Dawley male rats were perfused with modified Krebs-Hennseleit solution for ...
Cuzzocrea Salvatore - - 2007
This study investigated the effects of TDZD-8, a potent and selective GSK-3beta inhibitor, on tissue injury caused by ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) of the gut. Animal study in the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Messina, Italy. Splanchnic artery occlusion (SAO) shocked rats. I/R injury ...
Amorim F F - - 2007
We analyzed the effects of saline infusion for the maintenance of blood volume on pulmonary gas exchange in ischemia-reperfusion syndrome during temporary abdominal aortic occlusion in dogs. We studied 20 adult mongrel dogs weighing 12 to 23 kg divided into two groups: ischemia-reperfusion group (IRG, N = 10) and IRG ...
Ruixing Yin - - 2007
The effects of trimetazidine on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and hemodynamics in a rabbit model of ischemia-reperfusion were determined. Thirty male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into sham, control, and treated groups (n = 10). Trimetazidine (2 mg/kg(-1)/day(-1)) was fed for 2 weeks to treated animals before the procedure. Control ...
Fantinelli Juliana C - - 2007
1. We reported recently the cardioprotection conferred by a non-alcoholic extract of Cabernet-Sauvignon red wine (RWE) against alterations derived from ischaemia and reperfusion in normotensive rats. The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of RWE on ischaemia/reperfusion injury in hearts isolated from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). ...
Hickey Edward J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is frequently used in infants undergoing the Norwood procedure. These infants are necessarily hypoxemic after separation from CPB. Considerable energy has been spent characterizing the physiological and histological consequences of DHCA, but these have largely focused on a normoxemic period of reperfusion. Furthermore, evidence ...
Gori Tommaso - - 2007
AIMS: Nitroglycerin (GTN) modulates tissue damage induced by ischaemia and reperfusion (IR) in a mechanism that is similar to ischaemic preconditioning. We set out to study, using a human model of endothelial IR injury, whether GTN-induced endothelial preconditioning is mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and/or opening of mitochondrial ...
Hochhauser Edith - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The increased susceptibility to ischemic injury of hypertrophied hearts has long been recognized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-ischemic pharmacological preconditioning (PC) with adenosine A(1) or A(3) receptor activation, on the recovery of the isolated myocardium post cardioplegic ischemia. In addition, we examined ...
Camara Amadou K S - - 2007
We have shown that cold perfusion of hearts generates reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS). In this study, we determined 1) whether ROS scavenging only during cold perfusion before global ischemia improves mitochondrial and myocardial function, and 2) which ROS leads to compromised cardiac function during ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) ...
Robinet Arnaud - - 2007
Ischemic heart disease in diabetic patients might be linked to the accumulation of advanced-glycation end products (AGEs). In ischemic rat hearts, expression of receptor for AGEs and its ligands is significantly enhanced and involved in cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury even in the absence of diabetes. It has recently been reported ...
Kang Moonkyu - - 2007
Aurantii Fructus (AF) is one of the most well-known traditional herbal medicines frequently used for the treatment of cardiovascular symptoms in Korea. The anti-ischemic effects of AF on ischemia-induced isolated rat heart were investigated through analyses of changes in perfusion pressure, aortic flow, coronary flow, and cardiac output. The subjects ...
Imahashi Kenichi - - 2007
In the myocardium, the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform-1 (NHE1) activity is detrimental during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, causing increased intracellular Na(+) (Na(i)(+)) accumulation that results in subsequent Ca(2+) overload. We tested the hypothesis that increased expression of NHE1 would accentuate myocardial I/R injury. Transgenic mice were created that increased the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger ...
Tosaka Shinya - - 2007
PURPOSE: Ischemic preconditioning is mediated by the activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase-Akt (PI3K-Akt) and by the inhibition of the opening of a mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) during early reperfusion. Preischemic administration of the phosphodiesterase type III inhibitor olprinone protects the myocardium against infarction, but its mechanism has not been fully ...
Sidi Avner - - 2007
This study examined milrinone effects on ischaemic myocardial metabolism and function with calcium blockade. We studied 15 pigs in 3 groups: group C received no drugs; group D received diltiazem 5 mg bolus followed by infusion; group D+M received diltiazem and milrinone (50microg/Kg). The left anterior descending (LAD) artery was ...
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