Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2382
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Pokhrel Bishow - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We have demonstrated that therapeutic augmentation of systemic blood pressure during spinal cord ischemia plays an important role in minimizing spinal cord injury in both experimental and clinical aortic surgery. However, there remain concerns that excessively high blood pressure during spinal cord reperfusion may aggravate the reperfusion injury. The ...
Song-Tao An - - 2010
Central pulse pressure, pulse pressure index and fractional pulse pressure have been confirmed to be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but if the severity of cardiovascular disease, specifically for the coronary artery disease, is evaluated by central systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure has been not well studied. ...
Mozaffari Mahmood S - - 2010
Postconditioning (PC) and insulin exert cardioprotection by activating phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) signaling. Because pressure overload exacerbates ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, we tested the hypothesis that (i) pressure overload attenuates PC- and insulin-induced cardioprotection, an effect caused by reduced PI3K-Akt signaling and (ii) pressure unloading confers cardioprotection comparable to either PC or ...
Lorita J - - 2010
The role of ErbB4 and ErbB2 in the heart of adult mammals is well established. The heart also expresses ErbB1 (the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor), but this receptor has received less attention. We studied the effect of EGF on the response of isolated mouse heart to low-flow ischemia and ...
Xiao Junjie - - 2010
Ischemic heart disease is one of the leading causes of heart failure, and microtubule disruption has been implicated in the response to ischemia in cardiac myocytes. The present study was designed to explore the effects of taxol, a microtubule stabilizer, on cardiac contractile function during ischemia. Heart rate, left ventricular ...
Yoshikawa Yoshiro - - 2010
We have previously indicated that calpain inhibitor-1 prevents the heart from ischemia- reperfusion injury associated with the impairment of total Ca(2+) handling by inhibiting the proteolysis of alpha-fodrin. However, this inhibitor is insoluble with water and inappropriate for clinical application. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ...
Loganathan Sivakkanan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Custodiol (histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution) is a leading organ preservation solution. On the basis of this solution, the novel Custodiol-N was developed. The present study investigated the effects of Custodiol-N in a rat model of heart transplantation. METHODS: Heterotopic heart transplantation was performed in Lewis rats. Four groups were assigned: 2 ...
Izumi So - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Paraplegia from spinal cord ischemia remains an unresolved complication in thoracoabdominal aortic surgery, with high morbidity and mortality. This study investigated postoperative effects of systemic blood pressure augmentation during ischemia. METHODS: Spinal cord ischemia was induced in rabbits by infrarenal aortic occlusion for 15 minutes with infused phenylephrine (high ...
Yamamoto Hiroshi - - 2009
We investigated the effect of coronary perfusion pressure on post-ischemic left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in the hypertrophied heart. LV pressure overload was induced in four-week-old rats by abdominal aortic constriction (AC), with controls (C) undergoing sham operations. At six weeks of age, isolated Langendorff-perfused hearts (perfusion pressures: 75 and ...
Beretta Giangiacomo - - 2009
The aim of this work was to investigate the cardioprotective activity of hydrolysable gallotannins from Rhus coriaria L. leaves extract (RCLE) in isolated rabbit heart preparations, submitted to low-flow ischemia/reperfusion damage. RCLE induces a dose-dependent normalization of coronary perfusion pressure (CPP), reducing left ventricular contracture during ischemia, and improving left ...
Cihan Ozbek I - - 2009
AIM: Calcium dobesilate is an angio-protective agent that has positive effects on hemorheological parameters. It decreases blood and plasma viscosity, thrombocyte aggregation, and microvascular hyperpermeability. It is an antioxidant that increases endothelial-derived vasodilator substance secretion. In this experimental study, the effects of calcium dobesilate on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury were ...
Hwang Hyosook - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the therapeutic potential of ranolazine, a novel antianginal drug, as an adjunctive therapy to hyperkalemic cardioplegia. Rat hearts were Langendorff-perfused and exposed to 40 minutes of ischemia and 30 minutes of reperfusion without (control) or with cardioplegia or cardioplegia with 50 micromol/L ...
Weiss Eric S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Ischemia-reperfusion injury remains a devastating complication of lung transplantation. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors have been shown to precondition tissues against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Little is known, however, about the utility of phosphodiesterase inhibition in reperfusion injury after lung transplantation. We evaluated the long-acting phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, tadalafil, in an ex vivo lung transplant ...
Nemlin C - - 2009
Recent work has demonstrated the benefit of low pressure (LP) reperfusion to protect the heart undergoing an ischemic insult. The goal of the present study was to determine the optimal pressure for the application of LP reperfusion. Isolated rats hearts (n = 30) were exposed to 40 minutes of global ...
Ji Xunming - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: With the proposal of penumbra theory and development of intra-arterial thrombolysis (such as urokinase), the outcome of ischemic cerebrovascular disease is greatly improved. However, the incidence of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) increased concomitantly, and some studies showed a close relationship between blood pressure and HT. The mechanisms of blood pressure ...
Maier Thorsten - - 2009
AIMS: Short periods of preischemic beta-adrenoceptor stimulation protect hearts against postischemic left ventricular dysfunction. It was the aim of this study to decide whether this procedure mimics ischemic preconditioning by the generation of preischemic hemodynamic and energetic stress or whether it represents an endogenous phenomenon and to investigate the influence ...
Zhang Jitian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Thioredoxin is a ubiquitous protein with anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory effects. It was reported [Fukuse T, Hirata T, Yokomise H et al. Attenuation of ischaemia reperfusion injury by human thioredoxin. Thorax 1995; 50: 387-391] that rhTRX protected lungs from ischemia-reperfusion injury as a radical scavenger; however, the mechanism was ...
Pantos Constantinos - - 2009
Although it has long been recognized that thyroid hormone is an effective positive inotrope, its efficacy in supporting hemodynamics in the acute setting of ischaemia and reperfusion (R) without worsening reperfusion injury remains largely unknown. Thus, we investigated the effects of triiodothyronine (T3) on reperfusion injury in a Langendorff-perfused rat ...
Barbosa, Andrés
The hunting impact on waders in Spain was studied to test the efficiency of species protection measures. Using information on ringed bird recoveries in Spain of 28 species a hunting impact index was calculated. The results show a high hunting pressure similar to that of other groups of birds. The ...
Wang Shu-Bin - - 2008
To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of "Neiguan" (PC6) and "Gongsun" (SP4) on pathological changes of the heart and stomach in rats with acute myocardial ischemia (AMI), and to explore its underlying mechanism. Fifty Wistar rats were randomized into control, model, PC6, SP4 and PC6 + SP4 groups (n ...
Jormalainen M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil activation and tissue sequestration are crucial events in intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury, but their role in the gut wall after clinical cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remains unclear. We tested whether local post-CPB inflammatory response in the gut wall would be associated with intestinal mucosal perfusion. METHODS: Twenty pigs underwent 60 ...
Adams Jose A - - 2008
Asphyxia cardiac arrest and shock are models for whole body ischemia reperfusion injury. Periodic acceleration (pGz) achieved by moving the body on a platform is a novel method for inducing pulsatile vascular shear stress and endogenous production of endothelial nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, tissue plasminogen activator, and adrenomedullin. The aforementioned ...
Batchu S N - - 2009
Cytochrome P450 epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid (AA) to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) which are in turn converted to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). The main objective of this study was to investigate the protective effects of EETs following ischemic injury using an ex vivo electrocardiogram (EKG) model. Hearts ...
Pu Jun - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine if the potassium aspartate and magnesium (PAM) prevent reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias (RIVA) in ischemia-reperfusion (IR) rabbit heart. Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into control, ischemia and PAM groups. Arterially-perfused rabbit left ventricular preparations were made, and transmural ECG as well as action ...
Simon Florian - - 2008
In awake spontaneously breathing mice, inhaling gaseous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) produced a "suspended animation-like" metabolic status with hypothermia and reduced O2 demand, thus protecting from lethal hypoxia. Murine models may be questioned, however, because due to their large surface area/mass ratio, rodents can rapidly drop their core temperature. Therefore, we ...
Chao Hsiao-Ming - - 2008
PURPOSE: Ischemia plays an important role in glaucomatous optic neuropathy and retinal vascular occlusive disorders, which renders investigation vital. METHODS: Retinal ischemia was induced by raising intraocular pressure to 120 mmHg. Its mechanism and management was evaluated by measuring (*)OH levels, electroretinogram (ERG) b-wave amplitudes, immunohisto-chemistry, and reverse transcriptase polymerase ...
Cipolla Marilyn J MJ Department of Neurology, Ob/Gyn and Pharmacology, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont 05405, USA. - - 2008
We investigated the effect of ischemia and reperfusion on the vasoactive function of penetrating brain parenchymal arterioles under pressurized conditions. Parenchymal arterioles (< 50 microm in diameter) from within the middle cerebral artery territory were dissected from male Wistar rats that were either nonischemic control (n = 16) or ischemic ...
Tamamori-Adachi Mimi - - 2008
AIMS: Cyclins and other cell-cycle regulators have been used in several studies to regenerate cardiomyocytes in ischaemic heart failure. However, proliferation of cardiomyocytes induced by nuclear-targeted cyclin D1 (D1NLS) stops after one or two rounds of cell cycles due in part to accumulation of p27Kip1, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase ...
Simon Florian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aortic occlusion causes ischemia/reperfusion injury, kidney and spinal cord being the most vulnerable organs. Erythropoietin improved ischemia/reperfusion injury in rodents, which, however, better tolerate ischemia/reperfusion than larger species. Therefore, we investigated whether erythropoietin attenuates porcine aortic occlusion ischemia/reperfusion injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Before occluding the aorta for 45 mins ...
Petrucci Orlando - - 2008
PURPOSE: Several methods of myocardial protection have been used. The use of all-blood solutions modified with glutamate and aspartate has increased. Its use in situations of acute ischemia provides improved contractile function, "resuscitating" the previously lesioned muscle. The dilution preconized by literature is around 25% of the hematocrit. The present ...
Banz Yara - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Contact of blood with artificial surfaces and air as well as ischemia/reperfusion injury to the heart and lungs mediate systemic and local inflammation during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Activation of complement and coagulation cascades leads to and accompanies endothelial cell damage. Therefore, endothelial-targeted cytoprotection with the complement inhibitor and endothelial ...
Zhong Beihua B Dept. of Medicine, B316 Clinical Center, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824, - - 2008
N-oleoyldopamine (OLDA), a bioactive lipid originally found in the mammalian brain, is an endovanilloid that selectively activates the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channel. This study tests the hypothesis that OLDA protects the heart against ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury via activation of the TRPV1 in wild-type (WT) ...
Dedeoglu Burcak Deniz - - 2008
This study was designed to assess the influence of St. Thomas Hospital cardioplegic solution (St. Th.) on heart preservation in rat hearts subjected to 6h ischemia when supplemented with iloprost. In the control group (n=8), nothing was added to St. Th., whereas 10 or 1000 nmol L(-1) iloprost was added ...
Shackebaei Dareuosh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of cardio depressant concentration of diazepam on the function of isolated rat heart in ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: This study was performed at the Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah, Iran from November 2006 to March 2007. Isolated, perfused rat hearts were subjected to 40 minutes normothermic global ...
Matsuzaki Toshinori - - 2008
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: Early use of parenteral antihypertensive drugs is recommended in acute ischemic stroke patients suffering hypertensive emergencies. Calcium antagonist has been widely employed, although there is controversy as to whether calcium antagonist can be administered safely to patients with intracranial hypertension. In a rat model of transient cerebral ...
Bartosikova Lenka - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Midazolam is a frequently used benzodiazepine in anaesthesiology and intensive care. AIM: The aim of pilot study was to monitor its effect during heart perfusion in the laboratory rat. METHODS: The same groups of animals (n = 10). The 1(st) group was treated with midazolam in a dose of ...
Fert-Bober Justyna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the disruption of the coronary endothelium and the increase in its permeability during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), are linked to matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity. Studies from our group have shown that during I/R, activity of MMP-2 in the coronary effluent increases and this increase is associated ...
Karliczek Anne - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To explore new methods for intraoperative evaluation of tissue oxygenation, we evaluated the use of visible light spectroscopy as a predictor of anastomotic strength in an experimental model with ischemic murine colon anastomoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male rats (n = 34) were divided into 2 groups (ischemia and nonischemia). ...
Seren M - - 2008
Postoperative neurologic deficit is the most devastating complication after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Our aim was to investigate whether nebivolol has protective effects during ischemia or reperfusion and the most effective mechanism of protection via inhibiting nitric oxide (NO) release with an NO synthase inhibitor in an experimental model of ...
Oshima Kiyohiro - - 2008
This study evaluates the effectiveness of direct hemoperfusion with a polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column (DHP-PMX therapy) on warm ischemia-reperfusion injury of the lung using a canine mode. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten adult mongrel dogs weighing 13-16 kg were used. After a left thoracotomy, the left pulmonary artery and vein were ...
Rossoni Giuseppe - - 2008
This study investigated whether oral simvastatin and manidipine interact in protecting the perfused rat heart from ischemia-reperfusion damage. Simvastatin (0.3 to 3 mg/kg) and manidipine (1 to 10 mg/kg) were given orally singly or together to normocholesterolemic rats once a day for seven consecutive days. At the end of treatment, ...
Mozaffari Mahmood S - - 2008
The mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore may serve as the end-effector of cardioprotective mechanisms, namely the mitochondrial K(ATP) channels and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta). We recently showed that augmented MPT pore induction contributes to pressure overload-induced exacerbation of infarct size. This study tests the hypotheses that (i) elevation in perfusion ...
Jin Zhu-Qiu - - 2008
AIMS: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) plays a vital role in cytoskeletal rearrangement, development, and apoptosis. Sphingosine kinase-1 (SphK1), the key enzyme catalyzing the formation of S1P, mediates ischaemic preconditioning. Ischaemic postconditioning (POST) has been shown to protect hearts against ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IR). To date, no studies have examined the role of SphK1 ...
Elami Amir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Long-term organ preservation for transplantation may allow optimal donor-recipient matching with potential reduction in the incidence and severity of rejection. Complete cessation of metabolism may be obtained by freezing. Previous attempts to freeze intact mammalian hearts were limited to -3.6 degrees C, restricting tissue ice content to 34%. We ...
Taylor M J - - 2008
Procurement of donor pancreata for islet isolation and transplantation is not yet widely practiced due to concerns about the impact of postmortem ischemia on functional islet yields. Perfusion/preservation technology may help to circumvent ischemic injury as applied in this study of porcine pancreata prior to islet isolation. Pancreata harvested from ...
Stratman Rachel C - - 2008
The intensive care unit management of traumatic spinal cord injury should focus on limiting secondary injury and maximizing neurologic recovery. The development of systemic hypotension and associated spinal cord hypoperfusion exacerbates posttraumatic ischemic injury and ultimately worsens outcomes. Management strategies used to overcome the central ischemic mechanism of secondary injury ...
Gagnon Daniel - - 2008
PURPOSE: This study investigated the nonthermoregulatory control of cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) and sweating during recovery from exercise-induced hyperthermia as well as possible sex-related differences in these responses. Two hypotheses were tested in this study: 1) active and passive recovery would be more effective in attenuating the fall in mean ...
Sidi A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We examined effects of phosphodiesterase type III inhibition on regional myocardial metabolism and global left ventricular function, during ischemia, in the presence of beta-blockade. METHODS: Twenty-three pigs were randomized and studied to completion in four groups: C, did not receive drugs; M, received 50 microg/kg milrinone; E, received esmolol ...
Huhn R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that hyperglycaemia (HG) blocks anaesthetic-induced preconditioning. The influence of HG on anaesthetic-induced postconditioning (post) has not yet been determined. We investigated whether sevoflurane (Sevo)-induced postconditioning is blocked by HG and whether the blockade could be reversed by inhibiting the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) with cyclosporine ...
Bellomo R - - 2008
Cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) is a significant clinical problem. Its pathogenesis is complex and multifactorial. It likely involved at least six major injury pathways: exogenous and endogenous toxins, metabolic factors, ischemia and reperfusion, neurohormonal activation, inflammation and oxidative stress. These mechanisms of injury are likely to be ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >