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Corona Terry M - - 2011
To review the topic of ventilator waveforms analysis with emphasis on interpretation of ventilator waveforms and their use in the management and monitoring of mechanically ventilated small animal patients. Human clinical studies, scientific reviews, and textbooks, as well as veterinary textbooks and clinical examples of ventilator waveforms in mechanically ventilated ...
Ike S O - - 2011
Raised blood pressure is a significant surgical risk factor. Post operative complications are worse in both orthopaedic and plastic patients when there is associated hypertension. There has not been any known study on blood pressure variables in patients presenting at the National Orthopaedic Hospital Enugu, Nigeria. This informed the need ...
Nakagawa Kazuma - - 2011
: Persistent elevation of intracranial pressure (ICP) can lead to cerebral ischemia, brain herniation, and possibly death. Understanding the fundamental mechanism that contributes to the rise in ICP and recognizing the specific intracranial compartment involved (brain, CSF, or blood) can lead to early diagnosis and effective treatment. This article reviews ...
Riehle Christian C Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, and Program in Molecular Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah, - - 2011
Pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy, a risk factor for heart failure, is associated with reduced mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) proteins that correlate in rodents with reduced PGC-1α expression. To determine the role of PGC-1β in maintaining mitochondrial energy metabolism and contractile function in pressure overload hypertrophy. ...
Dai Dao-Fu - - 2011
We investigated the effect of reducing mitochondrial oxidative stress by the mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant peptide SS-31 in hypertensive cardiomyopathy. Oxidative stress has been implicated in hypertensive cardiovascular diseases. Mitochondria and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase have been proposed as primary sites of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The mitochondrial targeted ...
Ong Kim-Thanh - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality in hypertensive patients. The influence of different antihypertensive drug classes on improving arterial stiffness beyond blood pressure reduction is not widely available. We aimed to determine whether the artery stiffness can be improved because of antihypertensive treatments independently ...
Berenson Gerald S - - 2011
Blood pressure (BP) is a highly variable physiologic trait with short-term and long-term fluctuations within the same individual at different time points. The burden of BP on the cardiovascular (CV) system has been studied in terms of multiple cross-sectional BP measurements at rest, response of BP to stresses, and long-term ...
Krzemiński Tadeusz F - - 2011
Dihydropyridines are known not only to have antiarrhythmic effects but also to exert a significant cardiac depressive influence. We previously showed that M-2, an active and final metabolite of furnidipine, had cardioprotective effects without the marked cardiac depression seen with this dihydropyridine. We studied the influence of M-2 infusion (10(-7) ...
Tadevosyan Artavazd - - 2011
Hypertension in the elderly is one of the main risk factors of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Knowledge regarding the mechanisms of hypertension and specific considerations in managing hypertensive elderly through pharmacological intervention(s) is fundamental to improving clinical outcomes. Recent clinical studies in the elderly have provided evidence that angiotensin II ...
Asker M - - 2011
This study investigated whether ramipril treatment has a beneficial effect on left atrial appendage (LAA) function in patients with systemic hypertension in sinus rhythm. Patients with untreated systemic hypertension and normal left ventricular systolic function in sinus rhythm (n = 20; six males/14 females; age 35 - 69 years, mean ...
Bălan H - - 2011
High blood pressure (HBP) is one of the most important medical and social problems of the present era; she is considered not only the "silent killer' but also the most important reversible risk factor for cardio-vascular diseases (CVD). In the past two years important proofs have been published in favor ...
Neutel Joel M - - 2011
There are unique problems associated with the long-term control of blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension. Many of these problems warrant specific discussion for the primary care physician. Up to one-third of high-risk patients are estimated to have uncontrolled hypertension. Although long-term control is essential to avoid complications of ...
Pankhania Miran - - 2011
In the emergency setting, a cold, clammy, dyspnoeic patient presenting with interscapular chest pain and unequal blood pressures suggests an acute aortic dissection until proven otherwise. By means of a case report, the authors detail one such patient who presented identically to one having an acute aortic dissection. Initial assessment ...
Yri Hanne H Neurology Department, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark. - - 2011
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of yet unknown aetiology affecting predominantly obese females of childbearing age. IIH is a diagnosis of exclusion as raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure may occur secondary to numerous other medical conditions. An atypical phenotype or an atypical disease course should alert the physician to ...
Oragui Emeka - - 2011
Tourniquets are compressive devices that occlude venous and arterial blood flow to limbs and are commonly used in upper limb surgery. With the potential risk of complications, there is some debate as to whether tourniquets should continue to be routinely used. In this review, we first look at the different ...
Castiglioni Paolo - - 2011
How the autonomic nervous system influences the fractal dynamics of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) remains unclear. The purpose of our study was to separately assess cardiac vagal and sympathetic (cardiac vs. vascular) influences on fractal properties of HR and BP as described by scale exponents of detrended ...
Krambeck Amy E - - 2011
Concern exists over the subsequent development of hypertension after shock wave lithotripsy for the treatment of symptomatic urolithiasis. Referral bias and lack of long-term followup have been limitations of prior studies. We identified all Olmsted County, Minnesota residents with a diagnosis of urolithiasis from 1985 to 2008. The charts were ...
Tyvold Stig Sverre - - 2010
Today, there is no continuous monitoring of the bronchial epithelial lining fluid. This study used microdialysis as a method of continuous monitoring of early lung cytokine response secondary to intestinal ischemia-reperfusion in pigs. The authors aimed to examine bronchial microdialysis for continuous monitoring of IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-8, and fluorescein isothiocyanate ...
Camarozano Ana Cristina - - 2010
In view of the debate on the safety of using ultrasound associated with microbubbles, we investigated the microvascular effects in situations of potential clinical interest. Ultrasound, microbubbles, and their association were evaluated on the cheek pouch microcirculation in 96 male hamsters (n = 6 in each group): control; ischemia-reperfusion, 30 ...
Rossoni Giuseppe - - 2010
We investigated the effects of the hydrogen sulfide (H₂S)-releasing derivatives of aspirin (ACS14) and salicylic acid (ACS21) in a rat model of metabolic syndrome induced by glutathione (GSH) depletion, causing hypertension and other pathological cardiovascular alterations. GSH depletion was induced in normal rats by the GSH-synthase inhibitor buthionine sulfoximine (BSO, ...
Wang Gang - - 2010
: To outline the initial anesthetic experience for robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting surgery on beating heart using the da Vinci surgical system. : Between February 2007 and September 2009, 76 patients received the surgery with the da Vinci S Surgical System. The crucial issue of anesthesia for the ...
Ishiyama Tadahiko - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Propofol and sevoflurane are commonly used anesthetics for neurosurgery. The aim of the study was to compare the effects of propofol with sevoflurane on cerebral pial arteriolar and venular diameters during global brain ischemia and reperfusion. METHODS: Japanese white rabbits were anesthetized with propofol (n=11), sevoflurane (n=9), or the ...
Ahn Chi Bum - - 2010
Blood flow pulsatility can be quantified using the concept of hemodynamic energy. Because ischemia-reperfusion injury is known to affect microcirculation as well as vascular tone detrimentally, we hypothesized that vascular tone changes after ischemia-reperfusion injury would influence pulsatility of the blood vessels. We investigated the changes in pulsatility after ischemia-reperfusion ...
Pokhrel Bishow - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We have demonstrated that therapeutic augmentation of systemic blood pressure during spinal cord ischemia plays an important role in minimizing spinal cord injury in both experimental and clinical aortic surgery. However, there remain concerns that excessively high blood pressure during spinal cord reperfusion may aggravate the reperfusion injury. The ...
Song-Tao An - - 2010
Central pulse pressure, pulse pressure index and fractional pulse pressure have been confirmed to be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but if the severity of cardiovascular disease, specifically for the coronary artery disease, is evaluated by central systolic pressure and fractional diastolic pressure has been not well studied. ...
Mozaffari Mahmood S - - 2010
Postconditioning (PC) and insulin exert cardioprotection by activating phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) signaling. Because pressure overload exacerbates ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury, we tested the hypothesis that (i) pressure overload attenuates PC- and insulin-induced cardioprotection, an effect caused by reduced PI3K-Akt signaling and (ii) pressure unloading confers cardioprotection comparable to either PC or ...
Lorita J - - 2010
The role of ErbB4 and ErbB2 in the heart of adult mammals is well established. The heart also expresses ErbB1 (the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor), but this receptor has received less attention. We studied the effect of EGF on the response of isolated mouse heart to low-flow ischemia and ...
Xiao Junjie - - 2010
Ischemic heart disease is one of the leading causes of heart failure, and microtubule disruption has been implicated in the response to ischemia in cardiac myocytes. The present study was designed to explore the effects of taxol, a microtubule stabilizer, on cardiac contractile function during ischemia. Heart rate, left ventricular ...
Yoshikawa Yoshiro - - 2010
We have previously indicated that calpain inhibitor-1 prevents the heart from ischemia- reperfusion injury associated with the impairment of total Ca(2+) handling by inhibiting the proteolysis of alpha-fodrin. However, this inhibitor is insoluble with water and inappropriate for clinical application. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ...
Loganathan Sivakkanan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Custodiol (histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution) is a leading organ preservation solution. On the basis of this solution, the novel Custodiol-N was developed. The present study investigated the effects of Custodiol-N in a rat model of heart transplantation. METHODS: Heterotopic heart transplantation was performed in Lewis rats. Four groups were assigned: 2 ...
Izumi So - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Paraplegia from spinal cord ischemia remains an unresolved complication in thoracoabdominal aortic surgery, with high morbidity and mortality. This study investigated postoperative effects of systemic blood pressure augmentation during ischemia. METHODS: Spinal cord ischemia was induced in rabbits by infrarenal aortic occlusion for 15 minutes with infused phenylephrine (high ...
Yamamoto Hiroshi - - 2009
We investigated the effect of coronary perfusion pressure on post-ischemic left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in the hypertrophied heart. LV pressure overload was induced in four-week-old rats by abdominal aortic constriction (AC), with controls (C) undergoing sham operations. At six weeks of age, isolated Langendorff-perfused hearts (perfusion pressures: 75 and ...
Beretta Giangiacomo - - 2009
The aim of this work was to investigate the cardioprotective activity of hydrolysable gallotannins from Rhus coriaria L. leaves extract (RCLE) in isolated rabbit heart preparations, submitted to low-flow ischemia/reperfusion damage. RCLE induces a dose-dependent normalization of coronary perfusion pressure (CPP), reducing left ventricular contracture during ischemia, and improving left ...
Cihan Ozbek I - - 2009
AIM: Calcium dobesilate is an angio-protective agent that has positive effects on hemorheological parameters. It decreases blood and plasma viscosity, thrombocyte aggregation, and microvascular hyperpermeability. It is an antioxidant that increases endothelial-derived vasodilator substance secretion. In this experimental study, the effects of calcium dobesilate on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury were ...
Hwang Hyosook - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the therapeutic potential of ranolazine, a novel antianginal drug, as an adjunctive therapy to hyperkalemic cardioplegia. Rat hearts were Langendorff-perfused and exposed to 40 minutes of ischemia and 30 minutes of reperfusion without (control) or with cardioplegia or cardioplegia with 50 micromol/L ...
Weiss Eric S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Ischemia-reperfusion injury remains a devastating complication of lung transplantation. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors have been shown to precondition tissues against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Little is known, however, about the utility of phosphodiesterase inhibition in reperfusion injury after lung transplantation. We evaluated the long-acting phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, tadalafil, in an ex vivo lung transplant ...
Nemlin C - - 2009
Recent work has demonstrated the benefit of low pressure (LP) reperfusion to protect the heart undergoing an ischemic insult. The goal of the present study was to determine the optimal pressure for the application of LP reperfusion. Isolated rats hearts (n = 30) were exposed to 40 minutes of global ...
Ji Xunming - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: With the proposal of penumbra theory and development of intra-arterial thrombolysis (such as urokinase), the outcome of ischemic cerebrovascular disease is greatly improved. However, the incidence of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) increased concomitantly, and some studies showed a close relationship between blood pressure and HT. The mechanisms of blood pressure ...
Maier Thorsten - - 2009
AIMS: Short periods of preischemic beta-adrenoceptor stimulation protect hearts against postischemic left ventricular dysfunction. It was the aim of this study to decide whether this procedure mimics ischemic preconditioning by the generation of preischemic hemodynamic and energetic stress or whether it represents an endogenous phenomenon and to investigate the influence ...
Zhang Jitian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Thioredoxin is a ubiquitous protein with anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory effects. It was reported [Fukuse T, Hirata T, Yokomise H et al. Attenuation of ischaemia reperfusion injury by human thioredoxin. Thorax 1995; 50: 387-391] that rhTRX protected lungs from ischemia-reperfusion injury as a radical scavenger; however, the mechanism was ...
Pantos Constantinos - - 2009
Although it has long been recognized that thyroid hormone is an effective positive inotrope, its efficacy in supporting hemodynamics in the acute setting of ischaemia and reperfusion (R) without worsening reperfusion injury remains largely unknown. Thus, we investigated the effects of triiodothyronine (T3) on reperfusion injury in a Langendorff-perfused rat ...
Barbosa, Andrés
The hunting impact on waders in Spain was studied to test the efficiency of species protection measures. Using information on ringed bird recoveries in Spain of 28 species a hunting impact index was calculated. The results show a high hunting pressure similar to that of other groups of birds. The ...
Wang Shu-Bin - - 2008
To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) of "Neiguan" (PC6) and "Gongsun" (SP4) on pathological changes of the heart and stomach in rats with acute myocardial ischemia (AMI), and to explore its underlying mechanism. Fifty Wistar rats were randomized into control, model, PC6, SP4 and PC6 + SP4 groups (n ...
Jormalainen M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil activation and tissue sequestration are crucial events in intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury, but their role in the gut wall after clinical cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remains unclear. We tested whether local post-CPB inflammatory response in the gut wall would be associated with intestinal mucosal perfusion. METHODS: Twenty pigs underwent 60 ...
Adams Jose A - - 2008
Asphyxia cardiac arrest and shock are models for whole body ischemia reperfusion injury. Periodic acceleration (pGz) achieved by moving the body on a platform is a novel method for inducing pulsatile vascular shear stress and endogenous production of endothelial nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, tissue plasminogen activator, and adrenomedullin. The aforementioned ...
Batchu S N - - 2009
Cytochrome P450 epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid (AA) to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) which are in turn converted to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). The main objective of this study was to investigate the protective effects of EETs following ischemic injury using an ex vivo electrocardiogram (EKG) model. Hearts ...
Pu Jun - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine if the potassium aspartate and magnesium (PAM) prevent reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias (RIVA) in ischemia-reperfusion (IR) rabbit heart. Thirty rabbits were randomly divided into control, ischemia and PAM groups. Arterially-perfused rabbit left ventricular preparations were made, and transmural ECG as well as action ...
Simon Florian - - 2008
In awake spontaneously breathing mice, inhaling gaseous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) produced a "suspended animation-like" metabolic status with hypothermia and reduced O2 demand, thus protecting from lethal hypoxia. Murine models may be questioned, however, because due to their large surface area/mass ratio, rodents can rapidly drop their core temperature. Therefore, we ...
Chao Hsiao-Ming - - 2008
PURPOSE: Ischemia plays an important role in glaucomatous optic neuropathy and retinal vascular occlusive disorders, which renders investigation vital. METHODS: Retinal ischemia was induced by raising intraocular pressure to 120 mmHg. Its mechanism and management was evaluated by measuring (*)OH levels, electroretinogram (ERG) b-wave amplitudes, immunohisto-chemistry, and reverse transcriptase polymerase ...
Cipolla Marilyn J - - 2008
We investigated the effect of ischemia and reperfusion on the vasoactive function of penetrating brain parenchymal arterioles under pressurized conditions. Parenchymal arterioles (< 50 microm in diameter) from within the middle cerebral artery territory were dissected from male Wistar rats that were either nonischemic control (n = 16) or ischemic ...
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