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Results 201 - 250 of 2365
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Hosomi Naohisa - - 2012
Morning hypertension is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, particularly stroke. However, the optimal time at which to take antihypertensive medication to treat morning hypertension remains unclear. We prospectively enrolled elderly patients (over 65 years old) with morning hypertension who had suffered an ischemic stroke (or strokes). Additional treatments ...
Houle Sherilyn K D - - 2012
Objective: To develop an economic model based on the use of pharmacy-based blood pressure kiosks for case finding of remunerable medication therapy management (MTM) opportunities.Design: Descriptive, exploratory, nonexperimental study.Setting: Ontario, Canada, between January 2010 and September 2011.Patients: More than 7.5 million blood pressure kiosk readings were taken from 341 pharmacies.Intervention: ...
Prichard Jeremy - - 2012
This article counters arguments made by Bartels and Otlowski in 2010 regarding euthanasia. It suggests that the authors over-emphasised the importance of individual autonomy in its bearing on the euthanasia debate. Drawing on literature concerning elder abuse as well as the "mercy-killing" cases reviewed by Bartels and Otlowski, the article ...
Martinez-Vea Alberto - - 2012
Background/Aim: Oxidative stress (OS) is involved in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Short-term treatment with erythropoietin (EPO) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) complicated by anemia and LVH is associated with a reduction in left ventricular mass (LVM). We proposed to assess whether the pro-oxidant status of CKD influences these outcomes. Methods: ...
Yano Yuichiro - - 2012
The accurate measurement, prediction and treatment of high blood pressure (BP) are essential issues in the management of hypertension. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has been shown to be superior to clinic BP measurements as ABPM can provide the following important information: (i) the mean BP levels, (ii) the diurnal ...
Gupta Preeti - - 2012
The term "prehypertension" defined as systolic blood pressure between 120 and 139 mmHg and/or diastolic pressures between 80 and 89 mmHg has now gained general acceptance. Prehypertension is associated with ~3-fold greater likelihood of developing hypertension, and roughly twice the number of cardiovascular events, than BP < 120/80 mmHg. When ...
Tschannen Dana - - 2012
Background Implementation of the ruling on the Inpatient Prospective Payment System by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid has challenged nurses to focus on the prevention of pressure ulcers. Despite years of research, pressure ulcers are still one of the most common complications experienced by patients in health care facilities. ...
Singh V P VP Department of Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, New Delhi, India. - - 2012
There are at least 5% of all hypertensive patients whose blood pressure (BP) remains elevated despite adequate treatment. In these cases, the clinician is forced to search for a secondary cause of the chronic BP elevation. Certain environmental factors are known to induce resistant-hypertension. Additionally, there may be pseudo-resistance occurring ...
Zanchetti Alberto - - 2012
The European Society of Hypertension and the European Society of Cardiology have started the preparation of the third edition of their joint guidelines on the management of arterial hypertension. The authors have focused on the new edition of the UK NICE guidelines to learn about the difficulties of disentangling evidence ...
Williams Andrew - - 2012
Eur J Clin Invest 2012 ABSTRACT: Background  Aortic dilatation is the main therapeutic target in patients with Marfan syndrome. Standard treatment with a β-blocker may not lower central pulse pressure - the major objective - because it does not do so in hypertension, unlike angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and calcium-channel blockers. ...
Lee Andrew G - - 2012
Papilledema is a term generally reserved (at least in the English language use of the term) by neuro-ophthalmologists for optic disc edema due to increased intracranial pressure. The etiology for the intracranial hypertension may be known (e.g., brain tumor, meningitis, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis) or may be idiopathic (idiopathic intracranial ...
Koutsogiannidis Charilaos-Panagiotis C - - 2012
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains a lethal complication after major lung resections. The reported mortality ranges from 50% to 100%, with increased incidence and mortality rates in pneumonectomy patients. The pathogenesis of early ARDS is still not fully understood and the majority of patients will require mechanical ventilation. A ...
Aytekin Saide - - 2012
To evaluate the percentage of hypertensive patients who could achieve target blood pressure (TBP) according to the guidelines in the context of recommended measures and the factors responsible for failure. A total of 589 hypertensive patients (59.0% female; mean age: 57.7±10.4 years) were assessed twice for TBP achievement based on ...
Segura Julian - - 2012
Eur J Clin Invest 2012 ABSTRACT: Background  About half of the global burden of cardiovascular disease has been attributed to high blood pressure (BP). Worldwide, 7·6 million premature deaths (about 13·5% of the global total), 54% of strokes, and 47% of cases of ischemic heart disease were caused by high ...
Foy Andrew - - 2012
The predominant cause of renal artery stenosis (RAS) is atherosclerosis. Clinical manifestations of atherosclerotic RAS are both direct (hypertension and kidney dysfunction) and indirect (increased cardiovascular events and mortality). However, in many cases, atherosclerotic RAS appears to be an incidental finding with no discernable effects. Antihypertensive medications such as renin-angiotensin-aldosterone ...
de la Sierra Alejandro - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM:: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is superior to conventional BP measurement in predicting outcome, with baseline 24-h, daytime and night-time absolute values, as well as relative nocturnal decline, as powerful determinants of prognosis. We aimed to evaluate ABPM estimates on the appearance of cardiovascular events and mortality ...
Thai Nina N - - 2012
Resistant hypertension is a prevalent dilemma. Despite all available antihypertensive medications and multiple strategies such as healthier diets and exercise programs, many patients are still unable to maintain or reach a therapeutic goal for systolic blood pressure. Because of this major health concern, CVRx, Inc has developed a treatment involving ...
Arcaro Giovanna - - 2012
The development of acute respiratory failure (ARF) secondary to respiratory tract infection is a common event in patients affected with osteogenesis imperfecta type III. Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is increasingly administered to treat severe ARF of various origin. The use of NPPV in two patients with severe ARF secondary ...
Pabani S - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension is a disorder characterized by an increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP > 25 mmHg), which is responsible for the transport of blood from the heart to the lungs. Increased pressure leads to decreased flow of blood through the lungs and decreased oxygen deliverance throughout the body. ...
Lakhanpal Jai R - - 2012
Hypertension affects 30-40% of the adult population in the developed world and is a major risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and kidney failure. Though the importance of controlling hypertension is well recognized, only about 50% of patients in the United States actually attain guideline recommended blood pressure ...
Fragasso Gabriele - - 2012
Treatment of arterial hypertension can be a difficult exercise. Anti-hypertensive treatments need to be administered, keeping in mind the pathophysiological mechanisms and correlates at the base of arterial hypertension in the specific patient. The common pathophysiological mechanisms at the base of hypertension and their undisputed mechanistic relationship with clinical events. ...
Wilson Carol P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We recently reported that the elevated blood pressure (BP) observed in patients with cardiovascular disease who are homozygous for the 677C→T polymorphism (TT genotype) in the gene encoding methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) was responsive to supplementation with riboflavin-the cofactor for MTHFR.Objective: The objective was to investigate the effect of riboflavin ...
Campbell Duncan J - - 2012
Despite the attractiveness of a vaccination strategy for the treatment of high blood pressure, and many decades of research, attempts to translate this strategy to hypertension management have been unsuccessful. Immunization against components of the renin angiotensin system offers the prospect of improved long-term control of hypertension because efficacy does ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:139-143. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Self blood pressure measurement (SBPM) improves the overall management of hypertension provided it is implemented with methodologic care. This concerns especially the accuracy and technical requirements of blood pressure (BP) measuring devices that should be validated according to internationally accepted protocols. ...
Stewart William C - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To evaluate published, randomized, prospective, parallel clinical trials utilizing currently approved glaucoma medications to determine what influence, if any, pigment dispersion (PD) or exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) patients had on the intraocular pressure. METHODS:: A review of clinical trial articles evaluating currently used topical glaucoma medicines. Articles were published between ...
Grassi Guido - - 2012
Several lines of evidence show that blood pressure (BP) control in treated hypertensive patients is largely unsatisfactory and that this depends on a variety of factors, such as the poor patient's compliance, insufficient use of combination drug treatment as well as true difficulties in achieving well controlled BP. This review ...
Steichen O - - 2012
Aldosterone hypersecretion in primary aldosteronism is unilateral (aldosterone producing adenoma and primary unilateral hyperplasia) or bilateral (idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia). Lapa-roscopic adrenalectomy is nowadays the preferred approach to treat patients with unilateral primary aldosteronism. We review the outcomes of this intervention in recently published series. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has a morbidity of ...
Schäfer Hh - - 2012
The recommendations of international scientific societies for the treatment of hypertension in the geriatric population are different. Lack of outcome trials, non-standardised terminology as well as differing levels of evidence contribute to the inconsistencies in the guidelines. This review article compares six international guidelines (ESH-ESC 2007/2009, SHG 2009, DHL 2008, CHEP ...
Aronow Wilbert S - - 2012
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is present in 69% of patients with a first myocardial infarction, in 77% of patients with a first stroke, in 74% of patients with chronic heart failure, and in 60% of patients with peripheral arterial disease. Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials ...
Asgari Shadnaz - - 2012
Pulsatile intracranial pressure (ICP) is a key to the understanding of several neurological disorders in which compliance is altered, e.g., hydrocephalus. A recently proposed model suggests that ICP pulse is a standing wave and not a transmitted wave. The present work, aimed at obtaining a better understanding of the pulsatility ...
Kolo P M - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease has reached near epidemic proportion in sub-Saharan Africa, and systemic hypertension (SH) remains the driver of cardiovascular complications. We studied hypertension-related admissions and their outcome at the Abubaker Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital (ATBUTH) Bauchi, Northeast Nigeria. Records of all patients admitted into the medical wards between 1st ...
Merlo C - - 2012
In primary care the management of patients with acute severely elevated blood pressure (BP) is challenging. The aim of the study was to evaluate the initial management and outcome of patients presenting to their general practitioner (GP) with severe high blood pressure. Twenty five general practitioners prospectively identified 164 patients ...
Clark Donald - - 2012
The 2008 scientific statement from the American Heart Association defined resistant hypertension as blood pressure remaining above goal (< 140/90 mm Hg for the general population and < 130/80 mm Hg for patients with diabetes or renal disease) despite the concurrent use of optimal doses of 3 antihypertensive agents of ...
Adams Molly - - 2012
Patients are diagnosed as having resistant hypertension when they have blood pressure readings that remain above goal despite the concomitant use of 3 optimally dosed antihypertensive agents from different classes, with 1 of the agents being a diuretic. Prior to diagnosing a patient as having resistant hypertension, it is important ...
Wilczweski Patricia - - 2012
Critically ill spinal cord injury (SCI) patients are at high risk for pressure ulcers. Research is needed to identify risk factors for pressure ulcers. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors and outcomes of pressure ulcers in critically ill SCI patients. This is a retrospective cohort study. ...
Isik Ahmet Turan - - 2012
Objective Donepezil is a widely used cholinesterase inhibitor for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), however its cholinergic adverse side effects on the cardiovascular system are still unclear. In this study, we aimed to examine the adverse side effects caused by donepezil on cardiac rhythm and postural blood pressure changes ...
Pauwaa Sunil - - 2012
Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is considered a risk factor for morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing heart transplantation. Medical therapy with oral and pharmacologic agents is not always effective in reducing pulmonary artery (PA) pressures. Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have been used to reduce PA pressures in cases of ...
Lingerfelt Kim - - 2012
Patients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis are at risk for cardiovascular events and increased mortality. Hypertension contributes to these risks and can be difficult to assess due to unreliable blood pressure (BP) measurements at dialysis centers. A clinical practice grant from the American Nephrology Nurses'Association allowed for the ...
Escobar Carlos - - 2012
Hypertension and renal disease are closely related. In fact, there is an inverse linear relationship between renal function and prevalence of hypertension. Hypertensive patients with renal dysfunction exhibit a poor clinical profile, which markedly increases their risk for cardiovascular outcomes. This review considers the available evidence on the best therapeutic ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2012
Renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) activation plays a key role in the development of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Drugs that antagonize the RAS (angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]) have proven clinical efficacy in reducing blood pressure values and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. ACE inhibitors partially inhibit plasma ACE, and ...
Shahraki Mohammad Reza - - 2012
Physical activity (PA) has been associated with reduced blood pressure in observational epidemiologic studies and individual clinical trials. Since PA is considered as a key component for the prevention and treatment of hypertension in children and adolescents, the purpose of this study was to assess blood pressure changes in athletic ...
Kaufhold Falko - - 2012
To evaluate 3D spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) volume scans as a tool for quantification of optic nerve head (ONH) volume as a potential marker for treatment effectiveness and disease progression in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Cross-sectional pilot trial comparing 19 IIH patients and controls matched for gender, age ...
Kita Toshihiro - - 2012
Concerns about metabolic complications often disturb prolonged use of diuretics in Japan. We investigated 3-year safety and efficacy in Japanese patients with hypertension who were uncontrolled with angiotensin receptor blocker or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor regimens and then switched to losartan (50 mg)/hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg; HCTZ) combinations. Blood pressure decreased favorably ...
Kiefer Michael - - 2012
Normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) arises in adulthood and is characterized by a typical combination of clinical and radiological findings. The mean basal intracranial pressure is normal or mildly elevated. The typical signs of the disease are gait impairment, urinary incontinence, and dementia. The difficulty of distinguishing NPH from other neurodegenerative disorders ...
Anthony Heymann - - 2012
Despite the availability of a wide selection of effective antihypertensive treatments and the existence of clear treatment guidelines, many patients with hypertension do not have controlled blood pressure. We conducted a qualitative study to explore beliefs and perceptions regarding hypertension and gain an understanding of barriers to treatment among patients ...
Mallat Samir G - - 2012
Hypertension has a major associated risk for organ damage and mortality, which is further heightened in patients with prior cardiovascular (CV) events, comorbid diabetes mellitus, microalbuminuria and renal impairment. Given that most patients with hypertension require at least two antihypertensives to achieve blood pressure (BP) goals, identifying the most appropriate ...
Shuster Jerrica E - - 2012
Azilsartan-chlorthalidone fixed combination is a new drug in the management of hypertension. Azilsartan has been shown to have greater blood pressure-lowering effects than other angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), and the debate regarding the superiority of chlorthalidone over hydrochlorothiazide has been ongoing for years. The combination is unique because it is the ...
Volpe Massimo - - 2012
Hypertension is a growing global health problem, and is predicted to affect 1.56 billion people by 2025. Treatment remains suboptimal, with control of blood pressure achieved in only 20%-35% of patients, and the majority requiring two or more antihypertensive drugs to achieve recommended blood pressure goals. To improve blood pressure ...
Borghi Claudio - - 2012
Hypertension is one of the most important and widespread risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. Once, combination therapy was traditionally reserved as a third-line or fourth-line approach in the management of hypertension. However, several major intervention trials in high-risk patient populations have shown that an average of 2-4 ...
Falcone Colomba C Interdepartmental Center of Research in Molecular Medicine-CIRMC, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy. - - 2012
Some antihypertensive drugs have also renoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties that go beyond their effect on blood pressure. It has been suggested that microalbuminuria and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are associated with circulating levels of the soluble form of the receptor, sRAGE (soluble receptor for advanced glycation ends-products). In the present ...
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