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Sharma Jai Prakash - - 2012
Tourniquets are commonly used in limb surgeries, be it orthopedic or plastic surgeries. But the inflation pressures, the duration, and release guidelines are still not clear. According to a survey, majority of orthopedic surgeons inflate the tourniquet to fixed pressures for the upper and the lower limbs without considering the ...
Viera Anthony J - - 2012
Resistant hypertension (RH) is defined as blood pressure above a goal despite adherence to at least 3 optimally dosed antihypertensive medications of different classes, one of which is a diuretic. Evaluation of possible RH begins with an assessment of adherence to medications. The white-coat effect should be ruled out by ...
Saugel Bernd - - 2012
PURPOSE: The T-Line TL-200 (Tensys Medical, San Diego, CA, USA) is a non-invasive arterial blood pressure (BP) monitoring system allowing continuous "beat-to-beat" monitoring of systolic arterial pressure (SAP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and diastolic arterial pressure (DAP). It provides a real-time BP waveform like that obtained using an arterial catheter. ...
Ginelli P - - 2012
Diastolic dysfunction is present in half of patients with hypertension and has been shown to be associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, as well as the development of heart failure. With the high prevalence of hypertension and its associated complications, treatment of diastolic dysfunction in hypertension is an important ...
Daugherty Stacie L - - 2012
Patients with resistant hypertension are at risk for poor outcomes. Medication adherence and intensification improve blood pressure (BP) control; however, little is known about these processes or their association with outcomes in resistant hypertension. This retrospective study included patients from 2002 to 2006 with incident hypertension from 2 health systems ...
Maclaughlin Helen L - - 2012
BackgroundThe effectiveness of lifestyle-based weight loss programs in obese patients with chronic disease has not been widely studied. This study examined the effectiveness of a weight management program (WMP), and sought to determine factors associated with successful weight loss in obese patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).MethodsIn this prospective cohort ...
Burke Gordon M - - 2012
Systemic hypertension is a common cardiovascular problem that often cannot be fully treated with existing non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic measures. A catheter-based strategy which denervates the renal afferent and efferent autonomic nervous system has been developed for the treatment of drug-resistant hypertension. In early clinical trials this procedure was shown to ...
Alqadri Syeda L - - 2012
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is intra-parenchymal bleeding that may lead to localized hematoma formation. The hematoma can enlarge over a period of time, and directly contribute to neurological deterioration and death. Several studies have shown a relationship between acute hypertensive response and poor prognosis among patients with ICH; however, it ...
Duan Melissa - - 2012
Dexmedetomidine is a selective alpha-2 receptor agonist that possesses both sedative and analgesic properties with minimal respiratory depression. We report the successful administration of dexmedetomidine on a 16 year-old primigravida woman that allowed the patient to tolerate application of bilevel positive airway pressure ventilation in treatment of acute hypoxemic respiratory ...
Roberts Matthew A - - 2012
The association between blood pressure and cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis remains controversial. This may relate in part to the technique and device used and the timing of the blood pressure measurement in relation to the hemodialysis procedure. Emerging evidence indicates that standardized hemodialysis unit blood pressure measurements or ...
Sumi Koichiro - - 2012
Objective: Autonomic nervous system impairment is an untoward symptom that is typically observed in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. However, details of the effects of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) on the autonomic nervous system remain unclear. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with advanced PD (12 males and 16 females) who ...
Kocyigit Ismail - - 2012
Background/Aims: Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients. To clarify temporal relationship between ADPKD, hypertension and the loss of renal function, we examined these factors in patients with early-stage ADPKD who did not yet have hypertension. Methods: Fifty patients with ...
Vest Amanda R - - 2012
Hypertension in pregnancy is diagnosed on systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg. The classification systems separate chronic and gestational hypertension from preeclampsia. Significant uncertainty regarding optimal management is reflected in the differing major international society ...
Terakura Moriyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Persistent nosebleed episodes have occurred in patients with idiopathic epistaxis from Kiesselbach's area despite confirmed location of the bleeding site, but the cause remains unclear. We tried to determine whether persistent epistaxis was associated with blood pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between May 2009 and May 2010, the records for ...
Takeuchi Nobuyasu - - 2012
The size of the subarachnoid space in the optic nerve sheath (ONS) on MR images is thought to reflect intracranial pressure. The diagnostic value of this space was investigated in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) syndrome. Coronal fat-saturated T2-weighted MRI of the orbit was performed in 15 patients with ...
Repessé X - - 2012
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical entity involving not only alveolar lesions but also capillary lesions, both of which have deleterious effects on the pulmonary circulation, leading to constant pulmonary hypertension and to acute cor pulmonale (ACP) in 20-25% of patients ventilated with a limited plateau pressure (Pplat). ...
Katsi Vasiliki - - 2012
Systemic hypertension has been linked to a wide range of major eye diseases. High arterial blood pressure (BP) decreases choroidal circulatory flow, increases intraocular pressure, and is associated with retinal microvascular abnormalities and prevalence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and retinopathy. This review offers a comprehensive overview of ocular diseases ...
Morton Nicky - - 2012
Heel pressure ulcers are the second most common site for pressure ulceration; although their assessment and treatment can be complex, and they often require additional consideration over and above core principles of pressure ulcer prevention and management. Recent international pressure ulcer prevention and treatment guidelines developed jointly in Europe and ...
Jordan Jens - - 2012
Obese patients are prone to arterial hypertension, require more antihypertensive medications, and have an increased risk of treatment-resistant arterial hypertension. Obesity-induced neurohumoral activation appears to be involved. The association between obesity and hypertension shows large inter-individual variability, likely through genetic mechanisms. Obesity affects overall cardiovascular and metabolic risk; yet, the ...
Convertino Victor A - - 2012
Obtaining blood pressure measurements with traditional sphygomanometry that are insensitive and nonspecific can fail to provide an accurate assessment of patient status, particularly in specific clinical scenarios of acute reduction in central blood volume such as hemorrhage or orthostatic testing. This paper provides a review of newly emerging monitoring technologies ...
Huh I Y - - 2012
The role of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration in predicting cardiac dysfunction has been extensively investigated in many clinical conditions. Little is known, however, about its relationships with hemodynamic parameters from right heart catheterization in patients undergoing liver transplant surgery. We retrospectively evaluated 525 patients who underwent liver transplantation. Hemodynamic ...
Vase Henrik - - 2012
Activation of renal sympathetic nerves is associated with the development of hypertension. Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation with radiofrequency energy ablation is a new promising treatment option for resistant hypertension. We here report the first Danish experiences and results with this technique. Nine patients with resistant hypertension and a day-time 24-hour ...
Taddei Stefano - - 2012
Effective treatment of high blood pressure represents a key strategy for reducing the burden of hypertension-related cardiovascular diseases, mostly myocardial infarction and stroke. Despite these well established concepts, however, hypertension remains poorly controlled, worldwide. In addition, treated hypertensive patients often remain at higher risk compared with the normotensive population, even ...
Tsoi L Ch - - 2012
OBJECTIVES. To determine the characteristics of asymptomatic elevated blood pressure patients in an accident and emergency setting and assess the effect of a nurse-led intervention system. DESIGN. Cross-sectional study. SETTING. Accident and Emergency Department of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS. Patients with blood pressures of 140/90 mm Hg ...
Mitas Leszek - - 2012
Cortical blindness is one the most disturbing symptoms of reversible posterior encephalopathy syndrome in preeclamptic and eclamptic patients. The disease has been previously associated with a hypertensive breakthrough in the autoregulation of posterior cerebral arterioles followed by extravasation of the fluid into the brain tissue. 22-year-old primigravida in the 39th ...
Strazzullo Pasquale - - 2012
The average individual dietary salt intake largely exceeds the physiological needs almost worldwide. A direct causal association between salt intake and blood pressure levels has been clearly established. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence for additional blood pressure-independent pathways linking excess salt intake to the process of atherosclerosis. Recent meta-analyses of ...
Lang Shih-Shan - - 2012
Elevated intracranial pressure can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions. Several physiologic and pharmacologic factors have a significant impact on intracranial hypertension, mostly caused by changes on cerebral blood volume, flow, and oxygenation. There are many therapies that can be used to decrease intracranial pressure ranging from pharmacologic ...
de Souza Fabio - - 2012
Resistant hypertension (RH) is defined as uncontrolled office blood pressure (BP) in spite of the use of at least three antihypertensive medications. Although its condition has a high prevalence, it is still understudied, and its prognosis is not well established. Some prospective studies evaluated the prognostic value of ambulatory BP ...
Tocci Giuliano - - 2012
INTRODUCTION:: Blood pressure (BP) control is poorly achieved in hypertensive patients, worldwide. AIM:: We evaluated clinic BP levels and the rate of BP control in hypertensive patients included in observational studies and clinical surveys published between 2005 and 2011 in Italy. METHODS:: We reviewed the medical literature to identify observational ...
Guzman Nicolas J - - 2012
Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic minority in the USA. Among Hispanics, lack of hypertension awareness and lack of effective blood pressure (BP) control are problematic, as are higher incidence rates of hypertension-related co-morbidities compared with non-Hispanic populations. Moreover, there are currently no hypertension treatment guidelines that address the unique ...
Johnson Julie A - - 2012
Hypertension is the most common, chronic disease in the world, and there are many effective pharmacological agents available for its treatment. Despite the plethora of treatment options, data across the globe suggest that blood pressure control rates are < 50%, a fact likely influenced in part by the inability to ...
Tang Derek M - - 2012
Pre-operative use of select anti-hypertensive therapy has been associated with peri-operative hypotension in the surgical setting. Our aim was to determine the effect of anti-hypertensive medications on blood pressure (BP) and procedural outcomes in gastrointestinal endoscopy. Our study was a prospective, cross-sectional survey of outpatients undergoing colonoscopy with conscious sedation. ...
Erdine Serap - - 2012
Aims: The Supporting Hypertension Awareness and Research Europe-wide (SHARE) survey aimed to qualify the key challenges that physicians face when trying to get patients to recommended blood pressure (BP) goals.Methods and results: The survey was open to physicians involved in the treatment of hypertension, was anonymous, and included 45 questions ...
Murthy Sandhya - - 2012
Double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a rare form of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction accounting for approximately 1% of patients with congenital heart disease. It consists of an anomalous muscle bundle that divides the right ventricle usually between the sinus (inlet) and the infundibulum (outlet). This division creates a ...
White William B - - 2012
In the management of patients with hypertension, blood pressure (BP) has been traditionally measured in the physician's office. The contribution of ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) to the management of hypertensive patients has been increasingly recognized through clinical and epidemiological research. Ambulatory BP monitoring can enhance the ability to detect white-coat ...
Lionakis Nikolaos - - 2012
The elderly are the most rapidly growing population group in the world. Data collected over a 30-year period have demonstrated the increasing prevalence of hypertension with age. The risk of coronary artery disease, stroke, congestive heart disease, chronic kidney insufficiency and dementia is also increased in this subgroup of hypertensives. ...
Harmouche Majid - - 2012
With progressive occlusion of a coronary main artery, some anastomotic vessels are recruited in order to supply blood to the ischemic region. This collateral circulation is an important factor in the preservation of the myocardium until reperfusion of the area at risk. An accurate estimation of collateral flow is crucial ...
Tousoulis Dimitris - - 2012
Essential hypertension is a disease with a major impact on health worldwide, thus control of blood pressure seems to be a key component of cardiovascular disease prevention. Despite considerable advances in the treatment of hypertension, effective management remains poor and new strategies to control high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk ...
Berlin David - - 2012
Auto-positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is a common but frequently unrecognized problem in critically ill patients. It has important physiologic consequences and can cause shock and cardiac arrest. Treatment consists of relieving expiratory airflow obstruction and reducing minute ventilation delivered by positive pressure ventilation. Sedation and fluid management are important adjunctive ...
Rasmussen Carly B - - 2012
Dietary supplements (DSs) are used extensively in the general population and many are promoted for the natural treatment and management of hypertension. Patients with hypertension often choose to use these products either in addition to or instead of pharmacologic antihypertensive agents. Because of the frequent use of DS, both consumers ...
Gheorghiade Mihai - - 2012
Although patients hospitalized with heart failure have relatively low in-hospital mortality, the post-discharge rehospitalization and mortality rates remain high despite advances in treatment. Most patients admitted for heart failure have normal or high blood pressure, but 15-25 % have low systolic blood pressure with or without signs and/or symptoms of hypoperfusion. ...
Kanaoka Tomohiko - - 2012
Strict blood pressure (BP) control is reportedly important for the management of hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether the variables of ambulatory BP and the heart rate (HR) profile, central hemodynamics, and arterial stiffness were closely related to the ...
Kandzari David E - - 2012
Hypertension represents a significant global public health concern, contributing to vascular and renal morbidity, cardiovascular mortality, and economic burden. The opportunity to influence clinical outcomes through hypertension management is therefore paramount. Despite adherence to multiple available medical therapies, a significant proportion of patients have persistent blood pressure elevation, a condition ...
Okina Norihito - - 2012
Controlling blood pressure is essential for prevention of events after acute aortic dissection (AAD). However, in some instances a cardiac event occurs despite controlled blood pressure, and its prediction is difficult. We continuously monitored C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients receiving medical treatment for AAD and retrospectively examined the utility of ...
Flynn Joseph T - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012; 14:372-382. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The prevalence of hypertension in children and adolescents is increasing, especially in obese and ethnic children. The adverse long-term effects of hypertension beginning in youth are known; therefore, it is important to identify young patients who need intervention. Unfortunately, measuring ...
Rao S - - 2012
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) most commonly occurs in response to right ventricular (RV) dilation with structural abnormalities in the tricuspid valve being rarer. In addition to RV size and valvular integrity, the amount of TR is influenced by RV preload and afterload, the respiratory cycle, left heart function and atrial fibrillation. ...
Grassi Guido - - 2012
In hypertensive patients the risk of developing cardiovascular events and complications depends not only on the magnitude of the blood pressure elevation, but also, and to a consistent extent, on the presence of associated cardiovascular risk factors, concomitant disease and target organ damage. Recent findings suggest that also sympathetic overdrive ...
Poirier Luc - - 2012
β-Adrenergic blocking agents (or β-blockers) have been widely used for the treatment of hypertension for the past 50 years, and continue to be recommended as a mainstay of therapy in many national guidelines. They have also been used in a variety of cardiovascular conditions commonly complicating hypertension, including angina pectoris, ...
Daskalopoulou Stella S - - 2012
We updated the evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, assessment, prevention, and treatment of hypertension in adults for 2012. The new recommendations are: (1) use of home blood pressure monitoring to confirm a diagnosis of white coat syndrome; (2) mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists may be used in selected patients with hypertension and ...
Ziai Wendy C - - 2012
Elevated intracranial pressure is one of the proposed mechanisms leading to poor outcomes in patients with intraventricular hemorrhage. We sought to characterize the occurrence and significance of intracranial hypertension in severe intraventricular hemorrhage requiring extraventricular drainage. Prospective analysis from two randomized, multicenter, clinical trials. Intensive care units of 23 academic ...
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